Anda di halaman 1dari 7

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or

simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine.[2]


The characteristic fragrance and flavor of ginger result from volatile oils that
compose 1-3% of the weight of fresh ginger, primarily consisting of zingerone,
shogaols and gingerols with [6]-gingerol (1-[4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl]-5hydroxy-3-decanone) as the major pungent compound.[2][16][17] Zingerone is
produced from gingerols during drying, having lower pungency and a spicysweet aroma.[17]

In Asian medicine, dried ginger has been used for thousands of years to
treat stomach ache, diarrhea, and nausea. Today, ginger is used as a
dietary supplement for postsurgery nausea; nausea caused by motion,
chemotherapy, or pregnancy; rheumatoid arthritis; and osteoarthritis.

Common forms of ginger include the fresh or dried root, tablets,


capsules, liquid extracts, and teas.

The root or underground stem (rhizome) of the ginger plant can be consumed fresh,
powdered, dried as a spice, in oil form or as juice. Ginger is part of the Zingiberaceae
family, alongside cardamom and turmeric, and is commonly produced in India, Jamaica,
Fiji, Indonesia and Australia.
The phenolic compounds in ginger are known to help relieve gastrointestinal
irritation, stimulate saliva and bile production and suppress gastric contractions and
movement of food and fluids through the GI tract.
Chewing raw ginger or drinking ginger tea is a common home remedy for nausea
during cancer treatment.
Pregnant women experiencing morning sickness can safely use ginger to relieve
nausea and vomiting, often in the form of ginger lozenges or candies. Ginger has also
been found to reduce the symptoms of dysmenorrhea (severe pain during a menstrual
cycle).
people use ginger for nausea and vomiting. Its unclear whether ginger is helpful for
postsurgery nausea, motion sickness, rheumatoid arthritis, or osteoarthritis.

Ginger, when used as a spice, is believed to be generally safe.

In some people, ginger can have mild side effects such as abdominal discomfort,
heartburn, diarrhea, and gas.

Some experts recommend that people with gallstone disease use caution with
ginger because it may increase the flow of bile.

Research has not definitely shown whether ginger interacts with medications, but
concerns have been raised that it might interact with anticoagulants (blood thinners).
Ginger has a sialagogue action, stimulating the production of saliva, which makes
swallowing easier.[18]
Ginger is a minor chemical irritant and, because of this, was used as a
horse suppository by pre-World War I mounted regiments for gingering. Allergic
reactions to ginger generally result in a rash.[14] Although generally recognized as safe,
ginger can cause heartburn and other side effects, particularly if taken in powdered form.
[14]
Unchewed fresh ginger may result in intestinal blockage, and individuals who have
had ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease, or blocked intestines may react badly to large
quantities of fresh ginger.[14] It can also adversely affect individuals with gallstones. [2]

One traditional medical form of ginger historically was called "Jamaica ginger"; it was classified as
a stimulant and carminativeand used frequently for dyspepsia, gastroparesis, slow gut motility
symptoms, constipation, or colic.[14][23] It was also frequently employed to disguise the taste of
medicines.

Ginger is a rhizome, or root, that people have used medicinally for nearly 5,000
years. It originated in India, however, today ginger grows in tropical regions
extending from South America to Asia. Ginger can be found in many forms
fresh, dried, pickled, preserved, crystallized, candied, and powdered. Gingerol or
[6]-gingerol is the active component of fresh ginger, which can be converted to
similar constituents when cooked or dried.

Gastrointestinal support digestion

Improved circulation cardiovascular health

Pain relief

Reduction of age-related chronic illnesses, such as high blood pressure,


diabetes, arthritis, low-grade inflammation and cancer

Digestion slows as we age for a variety of reasons, including a reduction in


gastric secretions and intestinal motility.
Ginger can assist with pathological blood clotting, which blocks arteries and
ramps up the risk for cardiac arrest. Type II diabetes is a disease that continues
to plague the developed world, particularly for the aging population forced to
manage related metabolic, weight, circulation and low-energy problems. Aldose
reductase is an enzyme that is nearly insignificant when metabolism is healthy
but wreaks havoc in diabetes. This may be responsible for many of the diseases
complications. Studies have linked five of gingers active constituents with
inhibiting the enzyme and improving the quality of life for those living with the
disease
Several studies have shown that gingers properties prevent tumor growth. The
component [6]-gingerol, prevents new vessel formation that the tumor requires
to form
Chronic inflammation is one of the consequences of aging that left untreated can
lead to arthritis, diabetes, cancer or cardiovascular disease. In a healthy
scenario, inflammation develops at an injury site to signal, protect and heal the
wound. But when an accumulation of harmful compounds occurs, resulting from
stress, environmental pollution and the overpowering of the bodys natural
maintenance processes, it causes a low-grade, nearly undetectable level of
inflammation which can persist for years and develop into disease unbeknownst
to the sufferer. The volatile oils in ginger combat inflammation, and taken
regularly can prevent arthritis and other chronic inflammatory diseases that

frequently develop after middle age. Oxidation is an additional age-related


disease precursor, which environmental pollutants and the over-burdening of the
bodys natural stores of antioxidants exacerbate. Healthy cells are damaged
when oxygen circulates in the body, and the resulting free radicals are normally
neutralized by the bodys antioxidant defense system. In modern times,
however, the sheer high-level load of toxins in the environment resulting from
stress increases the number of free radical induced mutations in healthy DNA,
which if left untreated replicate and develop disease. To compensate for the
extra oxidative damage, supplementing with dietary or nutraceutical
antioxidants is necessary to help prevent disease.

Side effects from eating ginger are rare, but doses higher than 4 g may
cause mouth irritation, acid reflux or diarrhea . As an anti-coagulant,
ginger increasing bleeding, and herbalists caution against using it when
taking prescription blood-thinning medications such as heparin, warfarin
and aspirin or before surgery. ginger, common name for members of the
Zingiberaceae, a family of tropical and subtropical perennial herbs, chiefly of
Indomalaysia. The aromatic oils of many are used in making condiments,
perfumes, and medicines, especially stimulants and preparations to ease stomach
distress.

Ginger is a tropical plant that has green-purple flowers and a fragrant


underground stem (called a rhizome). It is widely used as a flavoring or fragrance
in foods, beverages, soaps, and cosmetics.

Ginger provides a variety of vitamins and minerals:

Carbohydrate - 17.77 g

Dietary Fiber - 2 g

Protein - 1.82 g

Dietary Fiber - 2 g

Sugars - 1.7 g

Sodium - 13 mg

Vitamin B6 - 0.16 mg

Calcium - 16 mg
Iron - 0.6 mg

Vitamin C - 5 mg

Potassium - 415 mg
Magnesium - 43 mg
Phosphorus - 34 mg

Zinc - 0.34 mg

Folate - 11 mcg
Riboflavin - 0.034 mg

Niacin - 0.75 mg

Iron - 0.6 mg
Figures above are per 100g of ginger.

Natural blood thinners

Blood thinners are medications taken orally or intravenously (through a vein) to prevent
a blood clot. Blood clots stop the flow of blood to the heart, lungs, or brain. They can cause a
heart attack or stroke. Blood-thinners do not really thin the blood. They prevent it from
clotting. Blood-thinners(anticoagulants) have various uses. ... Emboli are clots that break free,
travel through the bloodstream, and lodge in a vessel.
A common name for an anticoagulant agent used to prevent the formation of blood clots. Bloodthinners do not really thin the blood. They prevent it from clotting. Some are used for the
prophylaxis (prevention) of thromboembolic disorders; others are used for the treatment of
thromboembolism. (Thrombi are clots. Emboli are clots that break free, travel through the
bloodstream, and lodge in a vessel.) The anticoagulant drugs used for these clinical purposes
include:
1.

If your blood is too prone to clotting, clots can travel throughout your bloodstream and
cause damage to major organs.

Blood thinners can prevent blood clots from forming and reduce the risk of thrombosis. Blood
thinners can prevent blood clots from forming and reduce the risk of thrombosis.
The main danger of blood thinning is if you are at high risk of bleeding, such as if you are about to
have surgery, or if you have an ulcer in danger of bleeding. If you are pregnant, you can continue
to use the natural blood thinners in moderate quantities as normal foods, though I would suggest
stopping taking kombucha because of its small alcohol content.

If you have a history of suffering from blood clotting problems (thick blood) or if you are at
a high risk of developing blood clots or a stroke, a blood thinner is almost essential for your
continued good health. Your doctor will probably prescribe a pharmaceutical blood thinner.
However, pharmaceutical blood thinners are particularly prone to some very serious and
nasty side-effects.

Common side-effects from these drugs include:

Interaction with other drugs, causing a wide variety of problems that are not usually
blamed on the drug.

Dizziness.

Headaches.

Muscle aches and pains.

Internal bleeding.

Stomach ulcers, kidney failure.

Various other problems that destroy your health.

Cayenne pepper. This is the most potent / fast-acting of the blood thinners listed on this Grow
Youthful page. In large quantities it has the effect of a clot buster, and has been used for relief
from angina and heart attack recovery.
Kombucha.
Turmeric. Turmeric is a spice that gives curry dishes a yellow color, and its long been
used as a folk medicine. According to a study, the main curative ingredient, curcumin, works
on platelets to prevent clots from forming.
Ginger. Ginger is a close relative of turmeric, and its healing properties are somewhat similar.
It reduces inflammation, strengthens the immune system, settles the stomach and digestive upsets
or nausea, and is great for motion sickness. An ancient traditional remedy is to pound a small piece
and use it to make a cup of hot tea. Powdered ginger is also useful, and has slightly different
properties.

Garlic. Garlic and onions contain natural antibiotics that can kill the intestinal bacteria that
manufacture vitamin K. garlic has nine different compounds that are antiaggregants (compounds
that prevent the blood platelets from sticking together).
Cinnamon Cinnamon and its close cousin, cassia, are both widely available and contain
coumarin, a chemical that acts as a powerful anticoagulant. When ingested with cinnamon and
cassia, coumarin can also lower blood pressure and relieve inflammation caused by arthritis and
other inflammatory conditions. long-term cinnamon consumption in foods, including cinnamonbased breads and teas, can cause liver damage.
Pineapple (bromelain). ... Bromelain is an enzyme found in pineapples. It acts as a protein
digestive enzyme, and helps protect against the formation of uric acid crystals, which are
responsible for causing gout and some of kidney stones. It has antibiotic and anti-inflammatory
properties, and also acts as a blood-thinner by reducing excessive blood platelet adhesiveness. It is
a useful remedy for arthritis when taken on an empty stomach. Bromelain's healing properties are
enhanced when combined with turmeric and ginger.
Apple cider vinegar.
Drinking water. Most people are dehydrated, and they don't even know it. Dehydration thickens
the blood, increasing the risk of blood clots along with many other visible symptoms of
dehydration.
Natto miso. A fermented Japanese miso made with soy beans, barley, ginger, sea vegetables /
seaweed / kombu and salt.
Olive Oil
Foods high in vitamin E, which also has anti-clotting properties, can act as blood
thinners. Good vitamin E sources include most tree nuts, whole-grain wheat products,
and a few dark green vegetables.
One type of natural blood thinners are substances that

block vitamin K known as salicylates.

thinning the blood will increase a person's blood circulation, which in turn speeds up the metabolism and
makes a person feel warmer.

medicinal properties of cinnamon


Cinnamon is the brownish-reddish inner bark of the cinnamon tree, which when dried, rolls into a
tubular form known as a quill.
Cinnamon's unique healing abilities come from three basic types of components in the essential oils found in its
bark. These oils contain active components called cinnamaldehyde, cinnamyl acetate, and cinnamyl alcohol,
plus a wide range of other volatile substances. Cinnamon's essential oils also qualify it as an "anti-microbial"
food, and cinnamon has been studied for its ability to help stop the growth of bacteria as well as fungi,
including the commonly problematic yeast Candida.
In traditional medicine Cinnamon is considered a remedy for respiratory, digestive and gynaecological
ailments. I It is obtained from the inner bark of trees from the genus Cinnamomum, a tropical evergreen plant
that has two main varieties; Cinnamomum zeylanicum (CZ) and Cinnamon cassia (CC) (also known
as Cinnamomum aromaticum/Chinese cinnamon). In addition to its culinary uses, in native Ayurvedic medicine
Cinnamon is considered a remedy for respiratory, digestive and gynaecological ailments. Almost every part of
the cinnamon tree including the bark, leaves, flowers, fruits and roots, has some medicinal or culinary use. The
volatile oils obtained from the bark, leaf, and root barks vary significantly in chemical composition, which
suggests that they might vary in their pharmacological effects as well [1]. The different parts of the plant
possess the same array of hydrocarbons in varying proportions, with primary constituents such as;
cinnamaldehyde (bark), eugenol (leaf) and camphor (root) [2]. Thus cinnamon offers an array of different oils
with diverse characteristics, each of which determines its value to the different industries. For example the root
which has camphor as the main constitute, has minimal commercial value unlike the leaf and bark [3]. It is this
chemical diversity that is likely to be the reason for the wide-variety of medicinal benefits observed with
cinnamon.

Cinnamon can be used to help treat muscle spasms, vomiting, diarrhea, infections, the common cold, loss of
appetite, and erectile dysfunction (ED). Cinnamon may lower blood sugar in people with type 1 or type 2
diabetes, according to Diabetes UK

Cinnamon is a spice that comes from the branches of wild trees that belong to the genus "Cinnamomum" native to the Caribbean, South America, and Southeast Asia. These days cinnamon is regarded as the second
most popular spice, next to black pepper, in the United States and Europe. Modern research indicates that
cinnamon may have some beneficial health properties.
Cinnamon can be used to help treat muscle spasms, vomiting, diarrhea, infections, the common cold, loss of
appetite, and erectile dysfunction (ED).
Cinnamon may lower blood sugar in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes,
cinnamaldehyde - a chemical found in Cassia cinnamon - could help fight against bacterial and fungal
infections.
cinnamon extract can reduce fasting blood sugar levels in patients, researchers reported in the European
Journal of Clinical Investigation. Seasoning a high carb food with cinnamon can help lessen its impact on your
blood sugar levels. Cinnamon may also significantly help people with type 2 diabetes improve their ability to
respond to insulin, thus normalizing their blood sugar levels.
Tel Aviv University researchers discovered that cinnamon may help prevent Alzheimer's disease.
an extract found in cinnamon bark, called CEppt, contains properties that can inhibit the development of
the disease.
"the most effective extracts against HIV-1 and HIV-2 are respectively Cinnamomum cassia (bark)
and Cardiospermum helicacabum (shoot + fruit)." Cinnamon may help stop the destructive process of
multiple sclerosis (MS),
diets rich in cinnamon can help reduce the body's negative responses to eating high-fat meals.
just smelling the wonderful odor of this sweet spice boosts brain activity!
In addition to its unique essential oils, cinnamon is an excellent source of fiber and the trace mineral
manganese while also a very good source of calcium. The combination of calcium and fiber in cinnamon is
important and can be helpful for the prevention of several different conditions. Both calcium and fiber can bind
to bile salts and help remove them from the body. By removing bile, fiber helps to prevent the damage that
certain bile salts can cause to colon cells, thereby reducing the risk of colon cancer. In addition, when bile is
removed by fiber, the body must break down cholesterol in order to make new bile. This process can help to
lower high cholesterol levels, which can be helpful in preventing atherosclerosis and heart disease. For sufferers
of irritable bowel syndrome, the fiber in cinnamon may also provide relief from constipation or diarrhea.
cinnamon has been used to provide relief when faced with the onset of a cold or flu, especially when mixed in a
tea with some fresh ginger.
According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture5, ten grams of ground cinnamon contains:

Energy: 24.7 kcal

Fat: 0.12 g

Carbohydrates: 8.06 g

Some people who are sensitive to cinnamon may be at an increased risk of liver damage after
consuming cinnamon-flavored foods, drinks and food supplements. Protein: 0.4 g.

This is likely due to the fact that cinnamon contains coumarin, a naturally occurring flavoring substance, which
has been linked to liver damage.
CZ has anti-microbial, anti-parasitic, anti-oxidant and free radical scavenging properties. In addition CZ seems
to lower blood glucose, serum cholesterol and blood pressure, suggesting beneficial cardiovascular effects.
However, randomized controlled human trials will be necessary to determine whether these effects have public
health implications.

role of vitamins in human body


Vitamins play an important role in the functioning of various processes inside the
body. They functions as antioxidants, acts as mediators for cell regulation, tissue
growth and differentiation. They act as catalyst and aid the metabolic activities
taking place inside the body. They combine with the enzymes present in the
body to act as a catalyst. They also act as coenzymes. These coenzymes are
responsible for carrying various chemical groups between the enzymes. Thus it
aids in the transportation field also. Vitamin B7 also known as biotin is
responsible for the formation of fatty acids. Thus, Vitamin forms an important
part of our diet.

Vitamins are organic substances, required in small amounts for body functioning
and good health, which are found in the food we eat. Vitamins fall in two
categories: water soluble and fat soluble. The water-soluble vitamins include 8
members of the vitamin B complex and Vitamin C; and vitamins A, D, E and K are
fat soluble. If a particular vitamin is missing from the diet, the person will suffer
from a deficiency disease. The human body can manufacture only a few
vitamins. Some foods, e.g., bread and milk, are enriched, which means that
vitamins are added. They are needed to help the body to use the energy
nutrients, maintain normal body tissue, and act as a regulator. The best way for a
healthy person to obtain needed vitamins is to eat a balanced diet. A daily diet of
varied foods can provide needed essential vitamins for maintaining a healthy
body. As an insurance to provide sufficient amount, vitamins in pill, liquid or
capsule form can be taken as a supplement. Since water soluble vitamins are not
stored in our body, they are excreted in urine; the supply of these vitamins
should therefore be replenished daily to have sufficient amounts for human
needs.
Vitamins have diverse biochemical functions. Some, such as vitamin D, have
hormone-like functions as regulators of mineral metabolism, or regulators of cell
and tissue growth and differentiation