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The c  
     is a frequently referenced, modern star catalog of stars
located within 25 parsecs of the Earth.


[hide]

| First edition and supplements


| 2 Succeeding editions
| Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars
|  See also
| 5 References
| 0 External links

 
 
^n 57 German astronomer Wilhelm Gliese published his first star catalog of nearly one
thousand stars located within 20 parsecs of Earth, listing their known properties and ordered by
right ascension.[] He published a significant update to his original catalog as the Y  

 
 in 0 , extending the range out to 22 parsecs.[2] ^tems from the first catalog were
designated  and the stars were numbered from  05.[] The update extended the list to
,52 stars and the stars were then designated    and numbered from .0 05.0. The
fractional numbers allowed stars to be added to the original catalog and preserve the right
ascension order.

A supplement to the catalog, published in 70 by Richard van der Riet Woolley and associates,
extended the range out to 25 parsecs. This supplement added catalog numbers in the range 00
50 using the now deprecated  prefix. Stars in this range now also use the  prefix.[]


 
Gliese published the second edition of the catalog in 7 in collaboration with Hartmut Jahrei.
The combined catalog is now commonly referred to as the  
 (GJ) catalog.[5] This
catalog was published with two tables: Table uses the designations  for entries
numbered 0002  for confirmed nearby stars; Table 2 uses the designations  for
entries numbered 20025 for suspected nearby stars.[] Since the publication of this catalog all
of the stars in the combined catalog and succeeding supplements are designated by the preferred
 prefix.

Gliese published the 


Y   
 
 (CNS) in , again in collaboration
with Hartmut Jahrei now containing information on more than ,00 stars. Although this
catalog is designated as 

it is still the one in current use.[0] This catalog lists a total of
,0 stars. Most of these stars already had  numbers, but there were also , stars which
were not numbered. The need to give these , some name has resulted in them being
numbered 00 ( numbers, for "no name"), and data files of this catalog now usually
include these numbers. An example of a star which is often referred to by one of these unofficial
GJ numbers is GJ 02.

The releases of the different versions of this catalog over the years also documents the
progression of publication from the printed form of the earlier catalogs to publication in
electronic form of the later catalogs, as is now the case with most other large catalogs.

Some stars are best known by the original catalog number, such as Gliese 5 and Gliese 70.
The Gliese catalog stars are frequent targets of study due to their proximity to Earth.

c  
    
| Gliese
| Gliese 0
| Gliese
| Gliese 07
| Gliese 05
| Gliese 75
| Gliese 0
| Gliese 05
| Gliese 22
| Gliese 250
| Gliese 0
V| Gliese 0 b, an extrasolar planet orbiting the red dwarf star Gliese 0
V| Gliese 0 c, a hypothesized extrasolar planet orbiting the red dwarf star Gliese
0 that is 5 times bigger than Earth
| Gliese 5
| Gliese 5  Arcturus
| Gliese 52
| Gliese 570
| Gliese 5, a red dwarf star in the constellation Libra
V| Gliese 5 b, an extrasolar planet orbiting the red dwarf star Gliese 5
V| Gliese 5 c, an extrasolar planet orbiting the red dwarf star Gliese 5
V| Gliese 5 d, an extrasolar planet orbiting the red dwarf star Gliese 5
V| Gliese 5 e, an extrasolar planet orbiting the red dwarf star Gliese 5
| Gliese 02
| Gliese 05
V| Gliese 05 b, an extrasolar planet orbiting the star Gliese 05
| Gliese 007
| Gliese 07
| Gliese 70, a red dwarf star in the constellation Serpens Cauda
| Gliese 72 is Vega, one of the brightest stars in the sky
| GJ 725
| Gliese 77AB
| Gliese 777
V| Gliese 777 Ab
V| Gliese 777 Ac
| Gliese 7
| Gliese 70
V| Gliese 70 b
V| Gliese 70 c
V| Gliese 70 d
| Gliese 
| Gliese  2
| Gliese 2, a red dwarf star in the constellation Ophiuchus
V| GJ 2 b, a superEarth
| Gliese 02

 
| List of nearest stars
| Star catalogue: Gl, GJ, Wo

  
.| X Gliese, W. ( 57) (in German). o  
 

  !
"#
$%&  .
Bibcode: 57MiABA.......G.
2.| X Gliese, W.. "Catalogue of Nearby Stars. Edition 0 ". 
'(

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,
,
 -
,o

,$$.
. Bibcode: 0 VeAR^..22....G. http://www.ari.uni
heidelberg.de/publikationen/vhd/vhd022/fulltext/gif.c00.htm.
.| X p "Dictionary of Nomenclature of Celestial Objects". Centre de Donnes
astronomiques de Strasbourg. http://cdsweb.ustrasbg.fr/cgibin/DicSimbad?GJ.
Retrieved 200 2.
.| X Woolley, R. V. D. R.; Epps, E. A.; Penston, M. J.; Pocock, S. B. (July, 7). 

/&( 0 1$%. 2 (VizieR Online Data Catalog: V/2A.
Originally published in: 70ROAn....5....W ed.). S^MBAD.
Bibcode: 7yCat.502....0W.
5.| X Gliese, W.; Jahrei, H. ( 7 ). "Nearby Star Data Published 0  7". 
 3

 (,  
4( : 2. Bibcode: 7 A&AS.....2G.
0.| X Gliese, W.; Jahrei, H. ( ). !



Y   


. Astronomisches Rechen^nstitut. Bibcode: adc..rept.....G.
   
| Gliese catalog at Heidelberg University