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Ex/CE/T/313/9/2014

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING IN CIVIL ENGINEERING


EXAMINATION, 2014
( 3rd Year, 1st Semester )

WATER SUPPLY ENGINEERING


Time : Three hours

Full Marks : 100


( 50 marks for each Part )

Use a separate Answer-Script for each Part


PART - I
Answer any three (3) question.
Two (2) marks are reserved for neatness and to the point answer.
Assume reasonable data if not given.
1. a) Why water is required to treat by various unit operations
for supplying at consumer end ?

b) What is a sedimentation tank ? What kind of impurities


are removed in this basin ?

c) What do you mean by surface loading rae in an ideal


setting basin ? Prove that surface loading in an ideal
settling basin is equal to overflow velocity of the same
tank.

d) Calculate the setting velocity of a particle at 25o C


temperature with specific gravity 2.60 and dia of particle
be 0.25 mm. in size.

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2. a) What do you understand by discrete particle setting ?

Find out the best option of pumping with respect to the

Establish the following relationship for determining setting

size of the reservoir. Two pumping options are : (i) 8 A.M.

velocity of a particle as proposed by Newton.

to 4 P.M. at a constant rate ; (ii) 7 A.M. to 11 A.M. and 2


P.M. to 6 P.M. at a constant rate.


VS = 3 33g s
d

Where s = mass density of the particle

b) A system of pipe network as given below carries a total


flow of 6 m3/min. Compute the total head-loss between A
2+6

= mass density of the water

and F. Consider C for all pipes is 120.

Pipesegment Length (m) Diameter (mm)


AB
BC

800
700

350
300

requires 30 gm/L of filter alum [Al2 (SO 4 )318H 2O].

CD
BE
ED

400
475
450

250
250
280

Determine the quantity of filter alum and quickline (CaO)

DF

500

400

Vs = setting velocity, in cm/sec.


d = dia of the particle.
b) A water treatment plant treating 50 MLD of river water,

per year. Assume natural alkalinity of water is 10 mg/L.


Take M. W. of Al = 27, S = 32, Ca = 40.

c) Discuss briefly the application of adsorption process


in water treatment.

3. a) Briefly explain the process of filtration in water with


various mechanism.

b) With the help of five (5) important points compare slow


sand and rapid sand gravity filter plant.

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6. a) Deduce the equation for projected population P for

PART - II

Logistic Curve method showing the expressions of m, n

Question no. 5 is compulsory.

and P s (with usual notations) and with this method, solve

Answer any three from the rest.

the following problem.

Hazen-Williams nomogram is allowed


Following are the populations of a city noted from the
(Assume any data, if required, reasonably)

census department.

5. a) What are the different limit tables in drinking water


specification as per IS 10500:2012 ? Discuss their
significance.

b) What is the significance of peak factor in water supply ?


How population affects peak factor ?

c) What is dependability in impounded reservoir design ? If

Year

1951

1981

2001

2011

Population 25,000 1,60,000 2,00,000 2,50,000

Determine (i) the saturation population, (ii) the equation


of the logistic curve, and (iii) the expected population at
2031.

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in 50 years data maximum yearly inflow is 200 million

b) Describe the terms (i) capacity-elevation curve,

Hectare meters and minimum yearly inflow is 100 million

(ii) effective storage for flood mitigation and (iii) prior

Hectare meters, considering linear variation of yearly

water rights, related to impounded reservoir.

inflow find out the impounded reservoir capacity having


70% dependability.

d) How MPN table is used for determination of most


probable number of coliforms per 100 ml of sample ? If

7. a) Discuss the considerations of fire fighting demand as per


CPHEEO.

b) Discuss the factors affecting loss of water in the


distribution system.

expected most probable number of coliform per 100 ml


of sample is around 2500 then what will be the serial
sample volumes ?

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c) Tests for common ions are run on a sample of water and

c) It is seen that from laboratory experiment that a chlorine

the results are shown below.

dose of 10 mg/L with a contact time of 20 minutes to be

Draw the bar diagram and calculate total hardness,

sufficient for 99% killing of pathogens. What should


be the contact time require for killing 99.99%

calcium hardness, magnesium hardness, temporary


hardness, permanent hardness, carbonate hardness, noncarbonate hardness.

microorganism without change of chlorine dose ? How


much hypochlorite shall be used to active 99.99% kill if
chlorine available in the hypochlorite in the tune of 60%.

Constituents :

The purify of chemical is 80% and assuming n value is


1. 20.
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Ca2+ = 61.3 mg/L ; HCO3 = 182.7 mg/L ; Mg2+ = 24.8 mg/L ;


SO22 = 63.4 mg/L ; Na+ = 65.2 mg/L ; Cl = 91.5 mg/L; pH = 7 .6.

4. a) Explain with neat sketch double-layer ionic theory in


connection to stabilization and persistence of colloidal
particles in water.

d) Describe the Indian standards for drinking water and


b) Name few common coagulants used in chemical

health hazards of

sedimentation.
(a) Arsenic ; (b) Fluoride ; and (c) Nitrate.

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c) Describe Jar test for determining optimum dose of

8. a) For the water supply of a small rural town with the daily

alum as coagulant.

requirement of 2,25,000 litres, it is proposed to construct


a distribution reservoir. The pattern of draw off is as
under :
7.00 A.M. 8 .00 A.M. (30% of days supply)
8.00 A.M. 5 .00 P.M. (35% of days supply)

d) What is breakpoint chlorination ? What is its


significance ? Write down different chemical reaction
involved in different stages for arriving the breakpoint
chlorination in water.

5.00 P.M. 6.30 P.M. (30% of days supply)


6.30 P.M. 7.00 A.M. (5% of days supply)
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