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# Ex/CE/T/313/9/2014

## BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

EXAMINATION, 2014
( 3rd Year, 1st Semester )

## WATER SUPPLY ENGINEERING

Time : Three hours

## Full Marks : 100

( 50 marks for each Part )

## Use a separate Answer-Script for each Part

PART - I
Answer any three (3) question.
Two (2) marks are reserved for neatness and to the point answer.
Assume reasonable data if not given.
1. a) Why water is required to treat by various unit operations
for supplying at consumer end ?

## b) What is a sedimentation tank ? What kind of impurities

are removed in this basin ?

## c) What do you mean by surface loading rae in an ideal

setting basin ? Prove that surface loading in an ideal
settling basin is equal to overflow velocity of the same
tank.

## d) Calculate the setting velocity of a particle at 25o C

temperature with specific gravity 2.60 and dia of particle
be 0.25 mm. in size.

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## to 4 P.M. at a constant rate ; (ii) 7 A.M. to 11 A.M. and 2

P.M. to 6 P.M. at a constant rate.

VS = 3 33g s
d

## b) A system of pipe network as given below carries a total

flow of 6 m3/min. Compute the total head-loss between A
2+6

AB
BC

800
700

350
300

CD
BE
ED

400
475
450

250
250
280

DF

500

400

## Vs = setting velocity, in cm/sec.

d = dia of the particle.
b) A water treatment plant treating 50 MLD of river water,

## per year. Assume natural alkalinity of water is 10 mg/L.

Take M. W. of Al = 27, S = 32, Ca = 40.

## c) Discuss briefly the application of adsorption process

in water treatment.

## 3. a) Briefly explain the process of filtration in water with

various mechanism.

## b) With the help of five (5) important points compare slow

sand and rapid sand gravity filter plant.





PART - II

## Hazen-Williams nomogram is allowed

Following are the populations of a city noted from the
(Assume any data, if required, reasonably)

census department.

## 5. a) What are the different limit tables in drinking water

specification as per IS 10500:2012 ? Discuss their
significance.

## b) What is the significance of peak factor in water supply ?

How population affects peak factor ?

Year

1951

1981

2001

2011

## Determine (i) the saturation population, (ii) the equation

of the logistic curve, and (iii) the expected population at
2031.

11

## inflow find out the impounded reservoir capacity having

70% dependability.

## d) How MPN table is used for determination of most

probable number of coliforms per 100 ml of sample ? If

CPHEEO.

## b) Discuss the factors affecting loss of water in the

distribution system.

## expected most probable number of coliform per 100 ml

of sample is around 2500 then what will be the serial
sample volumes ?

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## sufficient for 99% killing of pathogens. What should

be the contact time require for killing 99.99%

## calcium hardness, magnesium hardness, temporary

hardness, permanent hardness, carbonate hardness, noncarbonate hardness.

## microorganism without change of chlorine dose ? How

much hypochlorite shall be used to active 99.99% kill if
chlorine available in the hypochlorite in the tune of 60%.

Constituents :

1. 20.
7

## Ca2+ = 61.3 mg/L ; HCO3 = 182.7 mg/L ; Mg2+ = 24.8 mg/L ;

SO22 = 63.4 mg/L ; Na+ = 65.2 mg/L ; Cl = 91.5 mg/L; pH = 7 .6.

## 4. a) Explain with neat sketch double-layer ionic theory in

connection to stabilization and persistence of colloidal
particles in water.

## d) Describe the Indian standards for drinking water and

b) Name few common coagulants used in chemical

health hazards of

sedimentation.
(a) Arsenic ; (b) Fluoride ; and (c) Nitrate.

6
c) Describe Jar test for determining optimum dose of

8. a) For the water supply of a small rural town with the daily

alum as coagulant.

## requirement of 2,25,000 litres, it is proposed to construct

a distribution reservoir. The pattern of draw off is as
under :
7.00 A.M. 8 .00 A.M. (30% of days supply)
8.00 A.M. 5 .00 P.M. (35% of days supply)

## d) What is breakpoint chlorination ? What is its

significance ? Write down different chemical reaction
involved in different stages for arriving the breakpoint
chlorination in water.

## 5.00 P.M. 6.30 P.M. (30% of days supply)

6.30 P.M. 7.00 A.M. (5% of days supply)
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