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General Specification for Liquid Penetrant Examination System

1.

Scope:
This specification document the equipment requirements for the liquid penetrant examination of
CRA clad pipes. 100% pipe inside surface to be inspected in case of weld overlay pipes and 100%
inside weld seam to be inspected in case of strip claded pipes

2.

3.

References:

API 5LC 4th edition

API 5LD (4th Edition


API 5L (45th Edition)
ASME Section V Article 6, ASME Section VIII, ASTM E165, ISO 10893-4
ONGC Spec. 2020 F , SAMSS 01-SAMSS-048, DEP 31.40.20.32
Product Description:
Pipe diameter: 6 to 42 OD
Pipe length: 5 Meter to 12.5 Meter

4.

Method of Testing:
Liquid penetrant examination shall be performed by following methods.
1-Water -Washable
2- Post- Emulsifiable (Hydrophilic)
Above both examinations shall be performed by visible and fluorescent type.

5.

Equipments Feature:
Liquid Penetrant examination system should be automatic/semiautomatic for the inspection of CRA
pipe and the detection of open to surface discontinuity. The system shall have following features.
a) The system should be facilitated by Proper arrangement of pipe loading unloading, pipe
movement in forward and backward direction and rotating in fix position.(in Jindal Saw Scope)
b) The system should be facilitated with adjustable high resolution CCTV cameras for inspection of
full inside surface for pipe inspection under Black light and visible light.
c) The system should facility for the measurement of defects area in X-Y direction.
d) The system should be facilitated by measurement of full pipe length (by encoder based or other
suitable device) after completion of inspection and during of inspection and also length should
be display on computer screen during/after inspection.
e) The system should be facilitated by suitable marker for marking of defects which confirmed
during pipe inspection.
f) The system should be generating test reports after completion of liquid Penetrant examination.
g) The system should be facilitated by suitable live video recording and image saving option during
inspection of pipe.
h) The system should display the error massage on the screen regarding the system error.
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General Specification for Liquid Penetrant Examination System

6.

Pre-cleaning Process
The system should be facilitated by suitable cleaning process like water wash. So Pipe surface shall
be free from all dirt, grease, oil, lint and scale that would obscure surface openings or interfere with
the examination.

7.

Penetrant Application and Dwell Time:


The system has properly arrangement for storage tank for liquid Penetrant and suitable spraying
system with controlled by pressure regulator gauge. The- penetrant applying pressure should be
displayed on the computer screen during application of both visible and fluorescent penetrant. The
liquid penetrant shall be applied by spraying over the area of pipe and penetration (dwell) time
minimum10 minutes are required as per LPT standard. And also system having a feature alarm
module gives audio and visual alarm when the completion of dwell time. Timer and penetration
(dwell) time should be displayed on the computer screen during and after application of penetrant,
the process is automatically controlled by the system.

8.

Excess Penetrant Removal:


The system has properly arrangement for separate storage tank for water and emulsification liquid.
For water washable method after the required penetrant dwell time, the excess penetrant is removed
with water spraying system by automatically. The temperature of water shall be maintained within
the range of 10 to 38 C and water spray pressure shall not exceed 40 psi (275 kpa) for rinsing of
pipe for removal of excess penetrant. Water temperature and water pressure shall be controlled
automatically and both readings should be displayed on the computer screen during removal of
visible and fluorescent penetrant. The system facilitated to see that excess penetrant properly
removed or not.
For Post-emulsifiable method after the required penetrant dwell time, the parts may be pre-rinsed
prior to the application of hydrophilic emulsifier. After pre-rinsed applying the emulsifier by
spraying. Completion of suitable emulsification dwell time the part should be cleaned by water
spraying system controlled by automatically. The temperature of water shall be maintained within
the range of 10 to 38C and water spray pressure shall not exceed 40 psi (275 kpa) for ringing of
pipe for removal of penetrant. Water temperature and water pressure shall be controlled by
automatically both reading should be displayed on the computer screen during removal of visible
and fluorescent penetrant

9.

Drying:
Required the properly arrangement of drying system and hot air pressure should be controlled
automatically by the system. During drying the part temperature shall not exceed 52C (125o F

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General Specification for Liquid Penetrant Examination System


10.

Application of Developer:
The system has properly arrangement for separate storage tank for developer with pressure
regulator. After removal of excess penetrant, developer shall be applying on part by spraying.
Developing time should be displaying on the computer screen. And also system having a feature
alarm module gives audio and visual alarm when the completion of developing time, it should be
controlled by automatically by the system.

11.

Inspection:
After the applicable development time, perform inspection of the parts under visible or ultraviolet
light as appropriate. It may be helpful to observe the bleed out during the development time as an
aid in interpreting indications.
A) Visible light examination: - The minimum light intensity at the examination surface of 100 fc
[1076 lx] is required. The visible light intensity shall be adjustable by remote control.
B) Ultraviolet light examination: -The Minimum light intensity 1000 W/cm2.The UV lamp
intensity shall be adjustable by remote control.

12.

Post Examination Cleaning:


Post cleaning after examination is to be carried out as soon as completion of examination by a
suitable technique.

13.

Safety and Environmental Precautions:


The system has an emergency stop circuit, and switches should be mounting around the machine.
The switches are easily identified during emergency. The system should be worked with all safety
consideration and environmental point of view.

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