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Running head: SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT

Signature Assignment:
Effects of Dehydration on the Body
Kaela Isaacson
PPE 310: Health Literacy for Schools
Arizona State University
Dr. Hesse
November 17, 2016

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Signature Assignment
Introduction
Water is essential for every cell, tissue and organ in our body to work properly
(Rivers, 2016). When a person becomes dehydrated they risk suffering from many side
effects and health related concerns. Dehydration is the result of the body losing more
fluid than it takes in, which can result from extreme fluid loss or insufficient fluid intake
(Lewis, 2014). I have devised a plan to promote the importance of hydration, educate on
the benefits and risks associated, as well as develop easy, healthy, and user-friendly
strategies all individuals can participate in to live a healthy life. According to the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention (2014), water helps your body keep your temperature
normal, as well as aid in other positive functions such as lubricating and cushioning
joints, protecting your spinal cord and other sensitive tissues, and getting rid of wastes
through urination, perspiration, and bowel movements. Not only should individuals drink
the recommended amount on a daily basis, but they should also have a basic
understanding of why they need water, how their body is being affected, what the
warning signs are for dehydration, and ways to monitor sufficient consumption.
Adequate fluid intake and homeostasis of total body water is essential for human health
and survival, including maintaining brain function (Armstrong et al., 2012, p. 382).
Through devoted research, reflection, and strategic planning, an individual can become
more aware of the effects of dehydration on the body, ways to promote healthy living,
and whether or not they are currently embodied in a healthy lifestyle. Further
information and related findings can be found through accessing my E-portfolio at
http://kaelaisaacsone-portfolio.weebly.com

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Literature Review
The effects of dehydration on the body can range from mild to severe and should
be addressed immediately. Water effects athletic performance more than any other
nutrient (Jones, Cleary, Lopez, R. M., & Lopez, R., 2008, 462). In order to avoid these
harmful risks, it is advised to consume the adequate amount of water and remain hydrated
during all weather conditions, emphasizing on high heats and times of physical activity.
Human survival is associated with an ability to maintain homeostasis through preserving
fluid balance and regulating body core temperature (Kempton et al., 2009, p. 291). I
have discovered four research articles that deliver their methods, data, and results on how
dehydration can affect the human body and mind, as well as the important role
rehydration plays.
Article one focused on how acute dehydration affected brain morphology in
healthy humans. Seven healthy individuals participated in a 90-minute, high intensity
thermal-exercise, consisting of three layers of clothing, and then engaged in two
techniques to determine any changes occurring in the brain. Dehydration can affect
brain structure which has important implications for human health (Kempton et al.,
2009, p. 291). A structural MRI scan was conducted prior to and after the 90-minute
activity. This activity was divided into three sessions, which involved one phase of
cycling at 130 W for 30 minutes, a second phase of recovery by seating for 10 minutes,
and then phase three consisting of 30 minutes cycling at 130 W. The goal was to
decrease body mass by 2-3% in the 90-minute period. The results of this study were
measuring changes in body mass, changes in brain volume, and change in brain and
ventricular volumes. The results indicated no negative or harmful symptoms occurred.

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Body mass did decrease when compared to before and after exercise participation with a
result of 2.19% + 0.54%. There was also no reduction in global brain volume or changes
in ventricular volumes as a result of acute dehydration.
My second article discussed a study on the separate and combined effects on
exercise performance in the heat and how dehydration and the sensation of thirst are
comingled. Eleven athletic and competitive cyclists/triathletes were used for this study
and had their body mass measured and urine-sampled prior to performing. The activity
consisted of a similar method to article one, where the participants engaged in a 90minute steady-state cycling exercise, followed by a 10-minute rest period, and then a selfpaced 20-km self-paced cycling TT in hot conditions of 35 degrees C. Throughout the
exercise periods, the conductors monitored the participants heart rate, had members rate
their current energy levels on a scale posted in front of them, and had their blood tested.
The results showed a decrease in body mass due to the 90-minute and 20-minute
activities, as well as no significant discomfort from participants during trial. Hydration
was controlled through using a real IV infusion, and withholding water, enforcing water
mouth rinse, or a blinded sham for some participants to discover if thirst sensation would
be effected. Overall, when isolating dehydration from thirst sensation, performing
exercises in the heat, at a self-paced or stead-pace, participants performance was not
influenced of negatively altered.
The third study explored how the volume of plasma, body fluid distribution, is
effected during exercise and heat-induced dehydration after acclimating to humidity, as
well as after recovery periods. The experiment involved eight physically active males
that were acclimated to heat at a temperature of 39.8 degrees C over a 17 day controlled

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hyperthermia setting. The actual experiment was conducted over a 24-day span with
experimental days on days 1, 8, and 22. Similar to our prior two experiments researched,
the participants were engaged in rest periods as well as cycling exercises. Heat
acclimation took place on days 2-6 and days 9-20 for 90-minutes, however day 20 lasted
only 60 minutes. This means the first exercise test, day 1, was conducted prior to heat
exposure. The results showed an increase in whole-body sweat rate during the overall
test, however sweat osmolality was reduced. Since this experiment was conducted over a
longer period of time, I noticed differing results throughout varying periods. Days 8 and
22 showed an increase in total body water, although intracellular compartments did not
alter. Recovery periods allowed plasma volume to restore and were even enhanced due
to the undefended fluid loss.
Through research on article four; I discovered an experiment with the purpose of
studying how the different temperatures of two different beverages affected weight
retention and fluid balance after participating in exercise induced-dehydration. Similar to
study three, this experiment involved eight healthy men participating in physical activity
and rest periods, however they were not actively engaging in cycling exercises. Instead,
this study subjected their participants to run on a treadmill after reaching a stable
condition through sitting quietly for 20-minutes. They had their post-workout
measurements taken, which included baseline HR, blood pressure, blood sample, weight,
and rectal temperature. The participants were allowed to choose their own speed for
running were fully aware of their goal to continue running and weighing themselves until
they had reached their target weight reduction. As soon as they reached their target
weight reduction level of 2% they were given fluids differing from temperature of 10

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degree C and 26 degrees C and consisted of water (W) and a sport drink (S). Once this
was achieved, they had their urine and blood sampled once again. Once the results were
gathered, I discovered that the participants ran distances ranging from 8.9-9.3 in order to
reach their target weight reduction. It was seen that post workout body weight had
decreased by 1.8-2.0%. The results concluded, that the sports drink at a cooler
temperature was preferred over plain water or beverages at moderate temperature.
These studies have given me varying perspectives on how dehydration affects the
body and the importance of rehydration, as well as how physical activity and heat affect
dehydration. I found that engaging in intense, steady, or moderate exercise impacts the
body in many ways and hydration should be a monitored factor. Not only does the body
release fluid through physical activity, but also this affects varying aspects of the body,
including the brain. Rehydration should be readily performed after any bout of intense
exercise (Park, Bae, Lee, & Kim, 2012, p. 126). These studies provided differing
experiments and goals, however showed similar results, methods, and conclusions.
Synthesis of Information
The effects of dehydration on the body can result in numerous healthy risks. I
have researched four experiments that focused on determining how the body retained
fluid during physical activity, heat exposure, and rehydration. Dehydration can develop
when the body fluid losses exceed fluid intake, and it often occurs during exercise, heat
stress, restricted fluid intake, or any combination of these (Park, Bae, Lee, & Kim, 2012,
p. 127). As I read further and gained a better understanding of each study, I found many
similarities and differences in terms of methods used, results found, and conclusions
drawn.

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Going into this research, I was interested in finding out how performing physical
activity or exercising in high heat plays a role in dehydration and what effects on the
body were occurring. Having planned an activity focusing on working out sparked my
interest into discovering as much research on this topic as possible from varying
perspectives. All four of the articles researched topics that involved some form of
physical activity and measured body mass before and after workout. While three of the
articles were focused primarily of effects on the participants body, the fourth article
fixated on rehydration and which form of beverage was preferred following an intense
workout period. Being aware that three out of the four articles focused on related topics
and used similar methods, I will compare and contrast those first. I will then gather
differences and similarities to study number four.
Article one based their experiment on how acute dehydration affected the
participants brain. The method of breaking up the activity into three periods was similar
to experiment two. Each activity involved the use of cycling as their physical activity
and took similar measurements pre and post workout. These measurements included
areas such as body mass, blood pressure, and urination. The study concluded that while
body mass decreased, no negative or harmful effects took place. The third experiment
was similar to these in terms of the device chosen to engage participants in physical
activity, which was stationary cycling.
An interesting similarity I discovered between studies two and three involved the
focus of heat and subjecting participants to high heat and humid temperatures. Even
though they both had different goals in terms of outcomes being focused on, they did use
heat as a factor to stimulate a response. They also both used cycling as their form of

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exercise, however study two took place as a one day trial while study three lasted over a
24 day span. Both experiments showed positive results and no harmful side effects in
terms of using healthy individuals to conduct the study. When using heat, fluid in the
body was decreased, however it was proven to restore itself through rehydration and a
recovery period.
While the only similarity all four experiments had was their use of healthy males
as their participants, I found the fourth article to be very interesting despite the many
differences when compared to the first three studies researched. The fourth experiment
gave participants more control over their participation and encouraged stopping
throughout exercise to measure weight loss. This was the only experiment to not use
cycling as their tool for physical activity, but instead use a treadmill for running to take
place. This experiment also focused more on the beverage being consumed in order to
gauge weight retention during a recovery period following exercise.
These four studies provided numerous informational, intriguing, and eye opening
material that I can use as I plan activities involving high temperature or physical
engagement. Even though each of these articles had a main focus different from the
other, it was fascinating to find the similarities they shared and discover comparable
conclusions. They allowed me to become further aware of the dehydration that takes
place during physical activity and the benefits and restoration that takes place when an
individual rehydrates. Human survival is associated with an ability to maintain
homeostasis through preserving fluid balance ad regulating body core temperature
(Kempton et al., 2009, p. 291).
Practical Implications

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The importance of understanding the effects of dehydration not only reduces an
individuals risk of injury, but can also save a life. Many practical implications can be
put in place in order to educate individuals about ways to stay hydrated, community
activities to help promote dehydration risks, and aid in funding to support the cause. This
plan is designed for a company of adult employees, however they are aware of the
importance to reach out to their community members. The assistance of a wellness
committee can also be used in order to provide current information while seeking future
support. In order to reach the attention of all community members, our team has
designed many strategies to reach children, adults, and those with special needs.
Proposals
Water is a key nutrient to human survival, however many individuals are not
aware of the numerous effects that are caused by dehydration, warning signs or
symptoms, or prevention tips. My organization has developed strategic proposals in
order to help community members learn how to incorporate water into their daily routine.
For example, posters and newsletters will be displayed throughout the office to remind
staff members to drink water and promote the importance of drinking their target amount
each day. The office will also design challenges to encourage water consumption and
stimulate group participation. One exercise will be known as Drink Up! which will
provide winners with fun incentives, such as reusable water bottles, extra time for lunch
breaks, and gift cards to varying businesses. We hope these small efforts will encourage
individuals to continue drinking water outside of the office, make water their go-to drink,
and remain aware of the importance to stay hydrated. Additional proposals to be added
will include reusable water bottles and glasses in the lounge, a filtering system for the tap

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water, and a filtering water device to be added to the office. Those with special needs,
such as allergies, mobility and physical limitations, or other forms of physical or
cognitive disabilities will be accommodated for. For example, water jugs will be placed
within reach for those with physical limitations and all allergies will be considered when
developing incentive programs and prizes.
Community Involvement for Physical Health
Not only does our company want to promote water importance to our staff, but
also to reach the attentions of their families and our community members. We will host
activities open to the public so that we the individuals that make up our community can
come together, engage in fun activities, make lasting memories, and become more
educated about physical exertion, dehydration, and maintaining adequate body fluid
levels. We can start off with a weekend picnic, involving physical activities such as relay
races, flag football, and kite flying. These are just a few of the physical activities that
will be held in order to get the community moving and find activities they enjoy. Water
jugs will be placed around the perimeter of the event to promote hydration and remind
individuals to stop and have a drink throughout their fun and active day. We will also be
handing out reusable water bottles, with our company logo, to individuals upon arrival.
Adjustments can be made to each activity for those with special needs, such as setting up
the relay race for exercises other than just running. Another modification that can be
made is stationary areas that promote stretching and working together in order to
complete a challenge. This is an exciting and active way to bring a community together
and get them the need to remain hydrated to avoid the potential health risks associated
with dehydration.

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New Strategies Promoting Nutritional Health
Understanding that water is needed for the body to function properly means
individuals need to be aware of the health risks associated with dehydration. Our
company feels it is not only important to provide educational information, but also
implement new strategies focusing on the nutritional health to our employees. In order to
make a positive impact in the lives of our employees, we want to provide them with
various tools to succeed as well as meet the needs of each of them as individuals. It is
also important to become aware of the disease, Aquagenic Urticaria, which leaves an
individual allergic to water. This is a very rare condition; however if any employees
suffer from this allergy than our team will develop alternative resources and group
activities that will ensure all staff is included. Modifications that can be made include
different forms of hydrating fluids or foods and the constant air flow within the office to
eliminate sweat and stress levels. The nutritional health benefits associated with water
consumption involve maintaining balance of body fluid, energize muscles, and help your
kidneys function, to name a few (Zelman, 2008).
Wellness Committee Respecting Social Health
In order for these helpful, educational, beneficial, and unifying strategies to be
designed, we have a wellness committee work together to continue advocating,
promoting, and inviting these ideas into the minds and hearts of our company. Through
monthly group meetings and open communication, our company is developing a team
that encourages new ideas and honest feedback in order to ensure our company is
providing the most supportive and positive outcome for our staff. This committee is
founded off of the idea of respect, which is strongly upheld to promote positive social

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health within the overall workplace. Management and higher officials are on this
committee, however we encourage employees and community members to join our team,
or attend meetings, in order to engage in a more diverse group and learn from one
another. Those with special needs will be taken into consideration and the location of
wellness committee meetings can be altered in order to ensure all members are able to
participate. Some of the topics they will focus on include promoting the health benefits
of drinking their target level of water on a daily basis, encouraging a respectful and
cooperative working environment, and issues of social and nutritional health related to
stress, malnutrition, dehydration, disrespect in the office, and many other grievances or
issues our employees may have.
Marketing
Our marketing team is focused on reaching each individual and sparking an
interest for their own health and wellbeing. This team has designed many eye catching
and informational visuals to remind individuals of upcoming events, share educational
information, and reach out to the public to promote this important issue. Not only do we
want to create a safe and healthy working environment, but we also want our community
members to be aware of the health benefits they gain from drinking water and the
harmful and negative effects on their body when they suffer from the many forms of
dehydration. Those with special needs will be acknowledged and respected when
designing these strategies. For example, posting newsletters in braille or sending our
group messages vocally, as well as visually, in order to meet the needs of those with sight
limitations. This commitment encouraged our marketing team to create a flyer inviting
our employees and their families, as well as the members of our community to come to a

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picnic where they can have fun and learn about the issues revolving around dehydration.
We have also create an event calendar that is posted throughout the office, as well as sent
to each employee through email, in order to ensure all staff members are aware of the
upcoming events and can participate. In addition to these resources, we have also
developed a newsletter that will be posted in the office lounge and sent out to each
employee in order to share information, such as the risks of dehydration, promote
strategies, and encourage water intake through their day. You can access these visual
aesthetics by visiting my personal website at http://kaelaisaacsone-portfolio.weebly.com/
Interactive Calendar

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Picnic Flyer

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Monthly Newsletter

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Funding
Funding can become a barrier for many groups, companies, and organizations in
terms of presenting their message, delivering on their promises, or gaining promotional
incentives and prizes. We are aware of our companys current budget and have
developed plans we will initiate to gain funding and support from local business and
organizations that believe in our cause. Funding will be needed to host the community
picnic, present prizes, and design alternatives for those with special needs. In terms of
prizes, such as the reusable water bottle, we can seek charitable donations from outside
vendors and programs working toward the education and promotion of water safety.
Teaming up with local and national organizations will not only aid our company with
funding, but also help us spread awareness on the negative effects on the human body
associated with dehydration, as well as strategies to prevent dehydration. Our funding
committee will attend monthly meetings to discuss current funds and spending, as well as
discuss new ideas and sources for income and assistance.
These practical implementations will help guide our company to promote a safe,
healthy, and supportive environment for its employees as well as the community
members. Providing different forms of strategies and plans to encourage hydration will
ensure each individuals needs are being met and interest is being sparked. We want to
create strategies individuals of varying ages, abilities, and interests can benefit and learn
from. This is such an important topic in terms of personal health, which is why it is
important to meet the needs of every individual, and provide them with tools, resources,
techniques, and strategies they can use in the work setting, classroom, home, or outside
community.

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Conclusion
Within the next year, the leaders goal for individuals is to implement adequate
levels of hydration into their day in a more routine fashion. It is hopeful to envision an
individuals go to choice of beverage being water, however infusing it with natural
flavors and fruits is acceptable in order to encourage water intake. This one year goal
will assist individuals with making water consumption a part of their daily routine and
not considered an extra task or chore they need to be reminded of. Within the next three
years, the leaders plan is to promote awareness about dehydration to schools and other
youth related organizations. The leader will ambitiously advocate the need to hydrate
throughout an individuals day, especially during high heat weather conditions and when
engaging in physical activity. As far as goals for the next five years, the leader hopes to
achieve their three year term objectives and continue spreading awareness while
providing schools, organizations, camps, recreational sport sites, work spaces and
hospitals with tools, resources, information, and supplies to encourage healthy and
hydrated living. These resources can include providing water jugs to organizations,
hosting community wide activities with hydration being a main focus, and targeting
adequate water intake challenges. The effects of dehydration on the body can be
alleviated and prevented altogether with the understanding of hydration needs,
responding to signs and symptoms, and advocating for water intake throughout your day.
Overall, dehydration can lead to many health risks and affects the body in
numerous negative forms. One of the best ways to battle these dangers is to ensure
proper hydration throughout your day. When considering the studies researched and
evaluated, it became clear that while hydration is important on a regular basis, it even

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more important to be attentive to your bodys needs during physical activity and high heat
conditions. Many strategic, user-friendly, and positive plans can be implemented into an
individuals day in order to live a healthier lifestyle and avoid the harmful health risks
associated with dehydration. The practical implications section of this paper outlined
many useful strategies that an individual can use in their current routine, as well as within
their future goals of applying and creating a healthy lifestyle and positive wellbeing.

Reference

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Armstrong, L. E., Ganio, M. S., Casa, D. J., Lee, E. C., McDermott, B. P., Klau, J. F., . . .
Lieberman, H. R. (2012). Mild dehydration affects mood in healthy young
women. The Journal of Nutrition, 142(2), 382-388.
Cheung, S. S., McGarr, G. W., Mallette, M. M., Wallace, P. J., Watson, C. L., Kim, I. M.,
& Greenway, M. J. (2015). Separate and combined effects of dehydration and
thirst sensation on exercise performance in the heat. Scandinavian Journal of
Medicine & Science in Sports, 25(S1), 104-111.
Jones, L. C., Cleary, M. A., Lopez, R. M., Zuri, R. E., & Lopez, R. (2008). Active
dehydration impairs upper and lower body anaerobic muscular power. Journal
of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22(2), 455-463.
Kempton, M. J., Ettinger, U., Schmechtig, A., Winter, E. M., Smith, L., McMorris, T., . . .
Smith, M. S. (2009). Effects of acute dehydration on brain morphology in
healthy humans. Human Brain Mapping, 30(1), 291-298.
Lewis, R. (2014). Addressing dehydration. Nursing Standard (Royal College of Nursing
(Great Britain): 1987, 28(51), 74.
Park, S. G., Bae, Y. J., Lee, Y. S., & Kim, B. J. (2012). Effects of rehydration fluid
temperature and composition on body weight retention upon voluntary drinking
following exercise-induced dehydration. Nutrition Research and Practice, 6(2),
126-131.
Patterson, M. J., Stocks, J. M., & Taylor, N. A. S. (2014). Wholebody fluid distribution
in humans during dehydration and recovery, before and after humidheat
acclimation induced using controlled hyperthermia. Acta Physiologica, 210(4),
899-912.

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Rivers, C. (2016). Water: The essential Nutrient. Retrieved from
http://www.nchpad.org/1242/5911/Water~~The~Essential~Nutrient
Water & Nutrition. (2014). Retrieved from
https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/drinking/nutrition/
Zelman, K. (2008). 6 Reasons to drink water. Retrieved from
http://www.webmd.com/diet/features/6-reasons-to-drink-water#1

Rubric for Signature Assignment

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Criteria with
Professional
Standards
Referenced

5
Exemplary
(97 100%)

4
Highly
Proficient
(93 96%)

3
Proficient
(83 92%)

2
Approaching
Proficient
(73 82%)

Outline
Outline
Turned
In(Already
submitted for
points)

9-10 Points
Logical,
detailed
outline with at
least 5
original peer
reviewed
references
written in
APA format is
submitted
with a
technology
choice
selected to
embed the
assignment.

7-8 Points
Brief
outline with
at least 5
original
peer
reviewed
references
written in
APA format
is
submitted.

5-6 Points
Brief outline
with some
references
but not 5
original peer
reviewed
references
written in
APA format
are
submitted.

3-4 Points
Brief outline
with one or
no references
submitted.

Introduction
Introduction to
the topic and
overview (In
your purpose
statement also
introduce all
subtopics)

9-10 Points
Introduction is
fully
developed,
well
organized,
introduces all
topics, created
a plan for the
paper and
invites the
reader to read
further.

7-8 Points
Introductio
n is fully
developed
with all
topics
introduced.

5-6 Points
Introduction
is addressed
well,
somewhat
organized
and created a
plan for the
paper

3-4 Points
Introduction
is addressed
adequately.

13-15 Points

10-12
Points

6-9 Points

5-7 Points

1-4 Points

1.
Literature

1. Literature
review may

1. Literature
review does

1. Literature
review does

InTASC 1c,k;
5k; 9f; 10h
NAEYC 6b
NETS-T 3a,d;
4a,c
CEC EC2S1;
CC7K1;
EC7K1;CC9K
4;CC9S8
Literature
Review
Adequacy of
Knowledge

1. Literature
review

1
Unsatisfactor
y
(72%
and below)
1-2 Points
No outline
was
submitted.

1-2 Points
Introduction
is omitted or
was
disorganized
and did not
create a plan
for the paper.

SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT
22
(includes 5
peer reviewed
original
research
articles
references)
InTASC 1c,k;
5k; 9f; 10h
NAEYC 6b
NETS-T 3a,d;
4a,c
CEC EC2S1;
CC7K1;
EC7K1;CC9K
4;CC9S8

Synthesis of
Information
Synthesis of
Information
(what did the
articles
collectively
say about the
topic? Which
authors had
similar and
different
findings?)
InTASC 1c,k;
5k; 9f; 10h
NAEYC 6b
NETS-T 3a,d;
4a,c
CEC EC2S1;
CC7K1;
EC7K1;CC9K

highlights
major issues
in the area.
2. Through
use of a range
of references
to support key
issues.
3. Description
of important
studies
establishes
context for the
reader.
4. Includes
more than 5
informative
references.

13-15 Points
1. Studies
covering the
same topic
synthesize
related
research.
2. Described
similar or
differing and
detailed
themes
throughout the
articles
3.
Demonstrate
thoroughly
how your

review
addresses
major
issues in
the area.
2.
Thorough
use of a
range of
references
to support
key issues.
3. Includes
description
s of
important
studies to
provide
context for
the reader.
4. Includes
5 or more
references.
10-12
Points
Studies
covering
the same
topic are
summarize
d and
integrated
level work.

address
major issues,
but issues
may not be
supported
with expert
knowledge.

not address
the major
issues in the
area; the
level of
support for
the issues is
not adequate.

2. Good use
of references, 2. Includes 3
but additional references.
references
may have
strengthened
the paper.

not have the


depth of
knowledge
appropriate to
this upper
level course.
2. Includes
less than 2
references.

3. Includes 4
references.

6-9 Points
Information
is presented
study-bystudy rather
than
summarized
by topic.
2. Described
similar or
differing
themes
throughout
the articles
which were
not detailed
3. Somewhat
demonstrated

5-7 Points

1-4 Points

The literature
review is a
mixed set of
ideas without
a particular
focus.

The literature
review does
not
demonstrate a
particular
focus and
lacks ideas
based on the
subject
chosen.
2. Described
similar or
differing
themes
throughout
the articles,
however they
were not

SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT
23
4;CC9S8

Practical
Implications
and
Technology
infusion
Practical
Implications
(Discuss how
the findings
can or will
later be
applied to
your teaching
setting)
InTASC 1c,k;
5k; 9f; 10h
NAEYC 6b
NETS-T 3a,d;

research and
the data
collected
supports your
stance on why
your healthy
and active
school plan is
not only
important for
hope and
engagement at
your school
and in your
community,
but ties to
academic
success in
your
classroom as
well.

how your
research and
the data
collected
supports your
stance on
why your
healthy and
active school
plan is not
only
important for
hope and
engagement
at your
school and in
your
community,
but ties to
academic
success in
your
classroom as
well.

detailed

27-30 Points

23-26
Points

19-22 Points

15-18 Points

1. Practical
implications
of your event
details
including your
teaching level
and in a
particular
setting are
discussed
thoroughly. A
minimum of 6
topics are

1. Practical
implication
s are
discussed
but not
related to a
particular
teaching
setting or
topic or
certain
details are
missing.

1. Practical
implications
are discussed
but not at a
particularly
level or in a
particular
setting and
many details
of your event
are missing.

1. Practical
implications
are not
thoroughly
discussed and
only a few
details of the
event are
present

2. Contained

3. Did not
demonstrate
how your
research and
the data
collected
supports your
stance on
why your
healthy and
active school
plan is not
only
important for
hope and
engagement
at your
school and in
your
community,
but ties to
academic
success in
your
classroom as
well.
1-14 Points

1. Practical
implications
are not
discussed and
no details of
the event are
present.
2. Contained
3 or fewer
components
of a
comprehensi

SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT
24
4a,c
CEC EC2S1;
CC7K1;
EC7K1;CC9K
4;CC9S8

applied.
2. Contains
thorough
discussion on
how each of
the 6
program/comp
onents that are
in place are
organized,
conducted,
and overseen
or a detailed
plan about
how each
component
can be added.
3. All
programs/com
ponents
implemented
include
discussion on
modifications
for those with
disabilities.

at least 4-5
components
of a
comprehensi
ve school
program;
however,
some of the
needed detail
is missing.

ve school
program
3. Contains
little
discussion on
which
programs/co
mponents are
currently in
place

3. Most
programs/co
mponents
implemented
include
discussion on
modifications
for those with
disabilities.

4. Few
programs/co
mponents
implemented
include
discussion on
modifications
for those with
disabilities.

4.
Technology
infusion was
used but it
did not
enhance the
proposal

5.
Technology
infusion was
not used.

4. Contained
discussion on
a specific
health
behavior
highlighted by
the special
event

Conclusion
Conclusion
ITASC 1c,k;

5. Embedding
Technology as
a platform to
enhance your
proposal
9-10 Points
7-8 Points
Major issues
The major
support and
issues are

5-6 Points
The
conclusions

3-4 Points
Provides
opinions, but

1-2 Points
No
conclusions

SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT
25
5k; 9f; 10h
NAEYC 6b
NETS-T 3a,d;
4a,c
CEC EC2S1;
CC7K1;
EC7K1;CC9K
4;CC9S8
Writing and
Referencing
Style
First Draft of
all sections
submitted with
changes made
integrating
instructor
comments
from the
outline

establish
conclusions.

summarize
d under
conclusions
.

are not
complete.

not a
summary of
findings.

are included.

9-10 Points

7-8 Points

5-6 Points

3-4 Points

1-2 Points

Detailed draft
of all sections
of the paper
with
appropriate
content,
headers,
writing style,
a choice of
technology to
embed the
assignment
and references
in APA 6.0
style.

Detailed
draft of
ALL
sections
with some
errors in
content
covered,
headings,
writing
style and/or
references
in APA 6.0
style.

Detailed draft
of MOST
sections with
some errors
in content
covered,
headings,
writing style
and/or
references in
APA 6.0
style.

Missing
sections or
paper has
regular errors
across
content
covered,
headings,
writing style
and/or
references in
APA 6.0
style.

Incomplete
(missing half
of the
requirements)
or completely
missing
paper.

Integration of
instructor
comments
from first draft
(Sub-Section
of Writing and
Referencing)

All comments
from
instructor
integrated into
final version.
All were
highlighted in
yellow
1. Cover page
included,
proper
spelling and
grammar, all
references in
APA 6.0 style.
Paper was

Some
comments
from
instructor
integrated
into final
version. Most
were
highlighted
in yellow
1. Cover
page
included,
some
grammatical
errors and
misspellings,
some errors

Very few
comments
from
instructor
integrated
into final
version. Most
were
highlighted
in yellow
1. Cover
page not
included,
many
grammatical
errors and
misspellings,
some errors

No comments
from
instructor
integrated
into final
version. The
changes were
not
highlighted

Writing and
referencing
style
(Sub-Section
of Writing and
Referencing)

Most
comments
from
instructor
integrated
into final
version. All
were
highlighted
in yellow
1. Cover
page
included,
few
grammatica
l errors and
misspelling
s, all

1. Cover page
not included,
major
grammatical
errors and
misspellings,
many errors
in referencing

SIGNATURE ASSIGNMENT
26
appropriate
references
length (at least in APA 6.0
5 pages)
style.
2. The file
document
name
contains
Lastname.first
name.assignm
ent#.course#
3. This rubric
was added to
the last page
of the
document
submitted
4. All
sentences are
clear and well
developed
5. Proposals
and events are
appropriate
length with
standard
margins, font,
and size of
text

2. Paper
was
appropriate
length (at
least 5
pages)

in
referencing
style APA
6.0.

in
referencing
style APA
6.0.

2. Paper was
too short for
the topic (3-4
pages)

2. Paper was
too short for
the topic (1-2
pages)

3. The file
name
somewhat
contains the
Lastname.firs
tname.assign
ment#.course
#
4. This rubric
was added
but not at the
end of the
document
submitted
5. Most
sentences are
clear and
well
developed
6. Proposals
and events
are mostly
appropriate
length with
standard
margins, font,
and size of
text

style APA
6.0.
2. Paper was
too short for
the topic (1-2
pages)
3. The file
document
name does
not contain
the
Lastname.firs
tname.assign
ment#.course
#
4. This rubric
was not
added to the
document
submitted
5. Many
sentences are
not clear and
underdevelop
ed
6. Proposals
and events
are not of
appropriate
length with
larger than
standard
margins, font
and size of
text