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DAFTAR ISI

Daftar isi............................................................................................................................ i
Lembar Pengesahan ....................................................................................................... iv
Kata Pengantar ............................................................................................................... v
Daftar Tabel.................................................................................................................... vi
Daftar Gambar .............................................................................................................. vii
Daftar Lampiran .......................................................................................................... viii
I. Pendahuluan ................................................................................................................ 1
1.1 Latar Belakang ............................................................................................................ 1
1.2 Pendekatan Dan Perumusan Masalah ......................................................................... 1
1.3 Tujuan Dan Manfaat Praktikum .................................................................................. 1
1.4 Lokasi Dan Waktu Praktikum .................................................................................... 2
II. Tinjauan Pustaka ....................................................................................................... 3
2.1 Gelombang ................................................................................................................. 3
2.1.1 Pengertian Gelombang ............................................................................................. 3
2.1.2 Proses Terbentuknya Gelombang ............................................................................ 4
2.1.3 Parameter Gelombang .............................................................................................. 4
2.1.4 Klasifikasi Gelombang ............................................................................................. 5
2.1.5 Metode Pengukuran Gelombang ............................................................................. 5
2.2 Arus ............................................................................................................................. 6
2.2.1 Pengertian Arus ........................................................................................................ 6
2.2.2 Sirkulasi Arus Laut .................................................................................................. 6
2.2.3 Jenis Jenis Arus Laut................................................................................................ 7
2.2.4 Hubungan Arus Dengan Pasang Surut ..................................................................... 9
2.2.5 Metode Pengukuran Arus Laut (>1 Metode) ......................................................... 10
2.3 Pasang Surut .............................................................................................................. 16
2.3.1 Pengertian Pasut ..................................................................................................... 16
2.3.2 Komponen Pasang Surut ........................................................................................ 16
2.3.3 Klasifikasi Pasut ..................................................................................................... 17
2.3.4 Metode Pengukuran Pasut (>1 Metode)................................................................. 18
2.3.5 Hubungan Data Pasut Dengan Batimetri ............................................................... 20
2.4 Kualitas Perairan ...................................................................................................... 21
2.4.1 Definisi Kualitas Perairan ...................................................................................... 21
2.4.2 Parameter Yg Mempengaruhi Kualitas Perairan.................................................... 21
2.4.3 Metode Pengambilan Data Kualitas Perairan ........................................................ 22
2.5 Sedimen Dasar .......................................................................................................... 24
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2.5.1 Definisi Sedimen .................................................................................................... 24


2.5.2 Klasifikasi Sedimen ............................................................................................... 25
2.5.3 Metode Pengambilan Sampel Sedimen Dasar ....................................................... 26
2.5.4 Karakteristik Sedimen Dasar.................................................................................. 26
2.6 Batimetri .................................................................................................................... 30
2.6.1 Pemeruman ............................................................................................................. 30
2.6.2 Definisi Batimetri ................................................................................................... 30
2.6.3 Survei Batimetri ..................................................................................................... 31
2.6.4 Metode Pengukuran Batimetri ............................................................................... 31
2.7 Kondisi Oseanografi Marine Station Teluk Awur .................................................... 32
III. Materi Dan Metode ................................................................................................... 35
3.1 Materi Praktikum ...................................................................................................... 35
3.2 Alat Dan Bahan ......................................................................................................... 35
3.3 Metode Praktikum .................................................................................................... 41
3.3.1 Data Gelombang..................................................................................................... 41
3.3.2 Pasang Surut ........................................................................................................... 41
3.3.3 Kualitas Perairan .................................................................................................... 42
3.3.4 Sedimen Dasar ....................................................................................................... 42
3.3.5 Batimetri ................................................................................................................. 43
IV. Hasil Dan Pembahasan ............................................................................................. 69
4.1 Hasil ......................................................................................................................... 69
1. Data Gelombang ......................................................................................................... 69
2. Data Pasut .................................................................................................................. 75
A. Stasiun 1 ..................................................................................................................... 75
B. Stasiun 2 ..................................................................................................................... 78
3. Data Kualitas Perairan ................................................................................................ 83
4.Layout Peta................................................................................................................... 84
A. Peta Bathimetri ........................................................................................................... 84
B. Peta Kontur ................................................................................................................. 85
C. Cross Section .............................................................................................................. 86
D. Hasil Surfer ............................................................................................................... 86
4.2 Pembahasan .............................................................................................................. 87
4.2.1 Kualitas Perairan Dan Sedimen Dasar ................................................................... 87
a. Raymundus Situmorang (26020214120004)
b. Devi Annisa (26020214120006)
c. Lizar Afiq (26020214120021)
d. I Made Rivaldy P U (26020214120044)
e. Genia Versha Fernanda(26020214130053)
f. Diki Farista (26020214130061)
g. Andre Rivaldo (26020214190078)
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4.2.2

Pasang Surut ....................................................................................................... 97


a. Raymundus Situmorang (26020214120004)
b. Devi Annisa (26020214120006)
c. Lizar Afiq (26020214120021)
d. I Made Rivaldy P U (26020214120044)
e. Genia Versha Fernanda(26020214130053)
f. Diki Farista (26020214130061)
g. Andre Rivaldo (26020214190078)

4.2.3

Batimetri Dan Gelombang ................................................................................ 103


a. Raymundus Situmorang (26020214120004)
b. Devi Annisa (26020214120006)
c. Lizar Afiq (26020214120021)
d. I Made Rivaldy P U (26020214120044)
e. Genia Versha Fernanda(26020214130053)
f. Diki Farista (26020214130061)
g. Andre Rivaldo (26020214190078)
V. Kesimpulan Dan Saran ............................................................................................. 111
5.1 Kesimpulan ............................................................................................................. 111
5.2 Saran ........................................................................................................................ 111
Daftar Pustaka

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LEMBAR PENGESAHAN
Laporan Resmi Praktikum Metode Oseanografi ini disusun oleh :
Kelompok
:3
Departement : Oseanografi

Mengesahkan :

Asisten Pratikum

Asisten Pratikum

Jefry Dwi Adji Windyanto


NIM. 26020213140088

Riandi Teguh
Widiyandono
NIM. 26020213190089

Asisten Pratikum

Asisten Pratikum

Ramdhani Fadli
NIM. 26020213140041

Dony Latief Prasetyo


NIM. 26020213120008

Mengetahui,
Koordinator Praktikum
Mata Kuliah Metode Oseanografi

Dr. Denny Nugroho S. ST, M.si


NIP. 1974081020011210

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KATA PENGANTAR
Puji dan syukur penulis panjatkan kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa,
yang telah melimpahkan karunia nikmat kesehatan, kesempatan serta
berkat-Nya sehingga praktikan bisa menyelesaikan laporan resmi serta
praktikum lapangan mata kuliah Metode Oseanografi.
Dalam pelaksanaan praktikum lapangan ini, tidak sedikit halangan
dan kendala serta hambatan yang dihadapi oleh praktikan. Namun praktikan
menyadari bahwa kelancaran dalam penyusunan laporan resmi dan
pelaksanaan praktikum lapangan ini, tidak lain adalah berkat bantuan,
dorongan, bimbingan berbagai pihak, sehingga kendala-kendala yang
praktikan hadapi teratasi.
Laporan resmi serta praktikum lapangan mata kuliah Metode
Oseanografi ini merupakan salah satu syarat yang harus dipenuhi untuk
menyelesaikan kewajiban dari mahasiswa yang mengambil mata kuliah
tersebut.
Praktikan berharap laporan resmi praktikum lapangan Metode
Oseanografi ini dapat memperluas pengetahuan tentang materi yang di
ajarkan serta dapat membantu para pembaca untuk mendapatkan wawasn
yang baru dan menjadi sumbangan pemikiran kepada pembaca. Laporan
resmi ini juga tidak luput dari kata tidak sempurna. Oleh sebab itu, segala
kritik saran dan motivasi yang membangun untuk menyempurnakan laporan
resmi ini praktikan terima dengan senang hati. Akhir kata praktikan
mengucapkan banyak terima kasih.

Semarang, 23 November 2016

Penulis

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 1. Klasifikasi Gelombang Berdasarkan Periode .................................. 5


Tabel 2. Komponen Pasang Surut ................................................................ 18
Tabel 3. Tabel Alat Pengukuran Gelombang Laut ...................................... 36
Tabel 4. Tabel Alat Pengukuran Pasang Surut ............................................ 37
Tabel 5. Tabel Alat Pengukuran Kualitas Perairan ...................................... 38
Tabel 6. Tabel Alat Pengukuran Sedimen Dasar ......................................... 38
Tabel 7. Tabel Alat Pengukuran Batimetri .................................................. 39
Tabel 8. Tabel Bahan Pengukuran Gelombang Laut .................................. 39
Tabel 9. Tabel Bahan Pengukuran Pasang Surut ......................................... 39
Tabel 10. Tabel Bahan Pengukuran Kualitas Perairan................................. 40
Tabel 11. Tabel Bahan Pengukuran Sedimen Dasar .................................... 40
Tabel 12. Tabel Bahan Pengukuran Batimetri ............................................. 40
Tabel 13. Hasil Pengukuran Gelombang Lapangan ..................................... 69
Tabel 14. Hasil Pengukuran Pasang Surut Lapangan Stasiun 1 .................. 75
Tabel 15. Hasil Pengukuran Pasang Surut Lapangan Stasiun 2 .................. 78
Tabel 16. Hasil Pengukuran Kualitas Perairan ............................................ 83

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 1. Proses Terbentuknya Gelombang .................................................... 3


Gambar 2. Parameter Gelombang ...................................................................... 4
Gambar 3. Ilustrasi Pengukuran Gelombang Gambar 4. Anatomi RCM ........... 6
Gambar 4. Anatomi RCM ................................................................................. 11
Gambar 5. Vector Average Current Meter ........................................................ 11
Gambar 6. Acoustic Doppler Current Meter (ADCM) ..................................... 12
Gambar 7. Komponen utama ALACE .............................................................. 14
Gambar 8. Sistem hidrolik drifter ALACE ....................................................... 15
Gambar 9. Pengukuran Pasang Surut ................................................................ 20
Gambar 10. Peta Lokasi Pengamatan Praktikum Metode Oseanografi 2016 ... 36
Gambar 11. Peta Bathimetri Kelompok 3 ......................................................... 84
Gambar 12. Peta Kontur Kedalaman Kelompok 3 ........................................... 84
Gambar 13. Cross Section Kelompok 3 ............................................................ 85
Gambar 14. Hasil Surfer ................................................................................... 85

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LAMPIRAN
1. Data Mentah (Raw Data) Batimetri
2. Data Batimetri Yang Sudah Terkoreksi Dengan Pasut
3. Lapsem Semua Anggota Kelompok
4. Dokumentasi Lengkap Kegiatan Praktikum

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