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Pile Cap Design

No. of pile in the group, N =


3
Pile dia. =
457 mm =
0.457 m
c/c distance of piles =
1.371 m
Pile capacity =
540 kN
Cap thickness, t =
0.8 m
Area of cap, A =
3.2 m2
Weight of cap, W =
61.4 kN
Applied working load =
1558.6 kN
Applied factored load, P =
2005.0 kN
Pile reaction, R =
668.3 kN
Check for punching shear:
Size of pedestal =
Dia. of reinforcing bar =
Concrete strength, f'c =

( PC3a )
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

17.99
0.05
121.39
31.49
34.44
13.81
350.36
450.72
150.24

375 mm Square =
25 mm

3494.5
Effective thickness, d =
0.5875
Punching perimeter, b0 =
3.85
y=
0.48125 m
y_1=(s-dp)/2
0.457 m
y_2 =
0.563024 m
Punching shear, Vp =
1934.07
Punching shear stress, vp =
1006.0

psi
m

kN

kN/m
1630.7 kN/m2

Ultimate punching shear =

0.140625 sqm

24.10 MPa
23.124 inches

=
=

151.536 inches
18.942 inches

434.78 kips

Check for one-way shear:


x=
0.775 m
=
Sec. width =
1.00 m
=
Shear, V =
358.3 kN
=
Shear stress , v =
717.6 kN/m2
Ultimate shear strength =
815.4 kN/m2

> vp =

1006.0 kN/m2
O.K.

30.504 inches
39.36 inches
80.55 kips
> v=

717.6 kN/m2
O.K.

Flexure Design:
b=
Steel strength, fy =

0.757 m =

dreq =

29.796 inches
276 MPa = 40020 psi

Bending moment, M1 =
b1 =
0.85
rmax =
0.038

458.1 kN.m

0.057 m < d =

0.5875 m
O.K.
59 mm(Assumed)

a=
Steel area required, As =
3305.3 mm2
a=
58.83 mm
O.K.
Minimum steel ratio, rmin =
0.004998
As,min =
2223 mm2
As,Design =
No. of bars required =
Bending moment, M2 =

3305 mm2
6.7

inches
inches
kips
inches
sft
kips
kips
kips
kips

25 mm f

403.7 kN.m
a=
51 mm(Assumed)
Steel area required, As =
2891.7 mm2
a=
51.95 mm
O.K.
As,min =
2202 mm2

As,Design =

2892 mm2
Steel ratio =
0.00650
No. of bars required =

5.9

25 mm f

A, AA, Ac

Area of pile cap