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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
Halaman Judul.....................................................................................................i
Halaman Pengesahan..........................................................................................ii
Kata Pengantar....................................................................................................iii
Daftar Isi..............................................................................................................v
Daftar Gambar.....................................................................................................viii
Daftar Tabel.........................................................................................................ix
Daftar Lampiran..................................................................................................x
BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang........................................................................................1
1.2 Tujuan dan Manfaat Kerja Praktek.........................................................2
1.3 Batasan Masalah......................................................................................3
1.4 Tempat dan Waktu Pelaksanaan..............................................................4
1.5 Metode Penulisan....................................................................................4
1.6 Sistematika Penulisan..............................................................................5
BAB 2 TINJAUAN UMUM PERUSAHAAN
2.1 Sekilas tentang Perusahaan......................................................................7
2.2 Profil Pabrik.............................................................................................8
2.3 Keunggulan Pusri Palembang..................................................................10
2.4 Visi, Misi, dan Makna Perusahaan...........................................................11
2.5 Nilai - Nilai Perusahaan...........................................................................12
2.6 Makna Logo dan Sejarah Penggunaan Nama Sriwidjaja.........................13
2.7 Sekilas Perjalanan PT Pusri.....................................................................15
2.8 Manajemen Struktur Organisasi..............................................................17

BAB 3 TINJAUAN PUSTAKA


3.1 Landasan Teori........................................................................................19
3.1.1

Bejana Tekan Dinding Tipis .......................................................20

3.1.2

Beban yang Bekerja pada Bejana Tekan.....................................23

3.1.3

Komponen Utama Bejana Tekan ................................................27

3.1.4

Pengelasan Bejana Tekan ...........................................................34

3.2 Pengertian Deformasi Plastis dan Deformasi Elastis .............................37


3.2.1

Tegangan Teknis Regangan Teknis .........................................38

3.2.2

Tegangan Sebenarnya Regangan Sebenarnya..........................38

BAB 4 DESKRIPSI SISTEM


4.1 Sekilas Urea Pusri 1B...........................................................................39
4.1.1 Proses Pembuatan Urea..................................................................40
4.1.2 Sifat Sifat Umum Urea................................................................40
4.2 Pengertian Pressure Vessel .................................................................42
4.3 Reaktor Urea...........................................................................................43
BAB 5 METODOLOGI PENELITIAN
5.1 Pendahuluan............................................................................................45
5.2 Diagram Alir Penelitian...........................................................................45
5.2.Mulai.................................................................................................47
5.2.2 Proses Pengenalan .........................................................................47
5.2.3 Proses Studi Kasus.........................................................................49
5.2.4 Pembahasan....................................................................................50
5.2.5 Data Output....................................................................................50
5.2.6 Selesai............................................................................................51
5.3 Pelaksanaan Kerja Praktek......................................................................51

BAB 6 HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN


6.1 Perhitungan secara manual .....................................................................52
6.1.1 Data Perancangan ..........................................................................52
6.1.2 Perhitungan Ketebalan Shell dan Head..........................................54
6.1.2.1 Berdasarkan Tekanan Dalam ...............................................54
6.1.3 Pembebanan yang terjadi...............................................................55
6.1.4 Tegangan yang terjadi ...................................................................57
6.1.4.1 Tegangan karena tekanan dalam .........................................57
6.1.4.2 Tegangan karena gempa ......................................................57
6.1.4.3 Tegangan karena berat bejana (kondisi operasi) .................58
6.1.4.4 Tegangan karena berat bejana (kondisi kosong) .................58
6.1.4.5 Tegangan gabungan .............................................................59
6.1.5 Desain Inspection Opening ...........................................................60
6.1.5.1 Data teknis ...........................................................................60
BAB 7 KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN
7.1 Kesimpulan.............................................................................................61
7.1.1 Analisa Tegangan pada Reaktor Urea ....................................61
7.2 Saran .......................................................................................................61
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Halaman

2.1 Logo PT. Pupuk Sriwidjaja...........................................................................14


3.1 Bejana tekan silindris ...................................................................................20
3.2 Tegangan yang terjadi pada dinding bejana .................................................20
3.3 Tegangan pada penampang melintang bejana...............................................21
3.4 Luas proyeksi A1 ...........................................................................................22
3.5 Skema Terjadinya Gempa.............................................................................26
3.6 Nozzle............................................................................................................30
3.7 Reinforcements Opening...............................................................................30
3.8 Skirt Support..................................................................................................33
3.9 Base Ring......................................................................................................34
3.11 Las Double-welded butt joint......................................................................35
3.12 Las Single-welded butt joint........................................................................36
3.13 Las Single Welded butt Joint with Backing Strip.....................................36
3.14 Las Double Fillet Lap Joint.....................................................................36
3.15 Las Single Full Fillet Lap Joint With Plug Welds....................................37
3.16 Las Single Full Fillet Lap Joint Without Plug Welds...............................37
4.1 Diagram Proses Pembuatan Amonia dan Urea.............................................40
4.2 Reaktor Urea (Desain)...................................................................................43
4.3 Reaktor Urea (Visual) ..................................................................................44
4.4 M.P Decomposer Flow Diagram .................................................................48
5.1 Diagram alir perancangan.............................................................................46
6.1 Shell ..............................................................................................................54
6.2 Ellipsoidal Head ...........................................................................................55

DAFTAR TABEL

4.1 Kondisi Reaktor Urea ...................................................................................44


5.1 Spesifikasi Bejana Tekan .............................................................................49
5.2 Spesifikasi Fluida..........................................................................................50
5.3 Jadwal Kegiatan Selama Kerja Praktek........................................................51

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Dokumentasi Kerja Praktek


ASME material SA 724 Gr B
Gambar Teknik Reaktor Urea
Absensi Mahasiswa Kerja Praktek
Penilaian Kerja Praktek
6. Surat Keterangan Selesai Kerja Praktek

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