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Kent Duncan

Mrs. Thomas
UWRT 1104
October 18th, 2016
Metal: The Evolution of an Assumed Mindset
Reflection 1:
This assignment was quite difficult for me, possibly it was the title Inquiry Proposal but
something about it made me feel like I was not going the right direction with my paper. I
experimented quite a bit with topics and rewrote many papers to finally arrive to this point. I feel
that my paper seems a bit unlike a regular inquiry proposal in the fact that it feels a bit more
like an informative essay I hope that it is at a point of satisfying the criteria for what it means to
be an inquiry proposal.
Reflection 2:
After sharing the document with my peers and obtaining feedback, I have come to the decision
not to change anything from my original draft. I received positive feedback and the paper is only
its early stages so I have plenty of room for later revisions and edits if need be. I hope receive
more feedback upon submission of this assignment because I do feel that there are some
structural areas that need to be fixed along with some grey areas where I did not cover a topic
as much as I should have however I do not know where to go a this point in terms of fixing these
issues.
First Draft:
Music is everywhere, in our cars, advertisements, homes, and much more. We all have
our different tastes in what we find to be good music and bad music and it has a powerful,
unique effect on all of us. One genre of music that has had quite a bit of negative attention is
metal. Whenever I tell people that I listen to metal, the automatic response I get is, Whoa, you
must be a Satanist! Not cool man! and I hate that because in truth, I am a devout Christian and
my lifes goal is to become an ordained pastor with a doctorate in biblical and pastoral studies.

Where did this stereotype of metalheads come from? How did people ever come to associate
anti-Christian teachings with those who enjoy metal? The purpose of this paper is to actively
analyze the progression of rock to metal to see how metal became associated with such
immoralities and to answer the ultimate question of; Why has metal music received such a
negative connotation and its listeners stereotyped as anti-religious?
In the early 1960s, rock was king and one band led the pack with smash hits and record
numbers, The Beatles. They were a band started in Liverpool, England, the birthplace of rock,
and their works were causing international craze over the new style of music. Their genius
crossed seas and washed up onto the shores of America, catching the ears of fans and musicians
alike, including a guitarist named Jimi Hendrix. He took the foundation of rock bands like the
Beatles, Led Zeppelin, and The Who had laid and made it louder, deeper, and more outspoken,
talking about things social issues. Hendrix is often noted as the inventor of modern rock but
truly, his music tipped the first domino in the chain of events that would lead to the introduction
of metal. The trend of his music spread and the volume level grew exponentially, and the lyrics
becoming more in touch with society until one day, the United Kingdom took over once more
with something that would change rock forever.
The year was 1968 and a band named Black Sabbath had just formed, metal was
officially born. Their works were revolutionary, changing the game Hendrix started entirely.
Loud was now an understatement and the music was played at a blistering tempo, in some cases
making the guitar sound almost percussive. Sabbath concerts sold out immediately and they had
accumulated a fan-base larger than that of any previous rock band. Their songs had triggered a
new movement and genre known as British Heavy Metal that led to the creation of groups like

Def Leppard and quite possibly the most famous British metal band ever, Iron Maiden. The
movement would reign supreme for little over a decade when America introduce something that
would forever set the standards of metal music. A young drummer by the name of Lars Ulrich
posted an advertisement calling for instrumentalists to join him to create a metal band that would
compete with the likes of, Tygers of Pan Tang, Diamond Head, and Iron Maiden. His call was
quickly answered by others and Metallica came to be right in the heart of Los Angeles,
California. Along with them came three other groups, one also from Los Angeles but the other
two from New York City, New York. These three bands were Megadeth, Anthrax, and Slayer
and together with Metallica, they became the big four of a new style of music, thrash metal.
The thrash culture exploded across the world, garnering an enormous fan-base and
stealing the spotlight from all other genres of metal almost entirely, it had become a true music
icon. Its deep lyrics about anti large government and corruption spoke numbers to people and
gave fans a feeling of freedom and rebellion and their excitement was also noticed by the bands.
In an attempt to draw larger crowds, groups found it necessary to embody the spirit of rebellion
by composing their logos of unorthodox ideas and filling their songs with lyrics of evil
ideologies. Groups like Slayer took it to a new extreme, donning their official logo as a
pentagram formed from swords and covering their albums with antichrist crucifixes and gore.
Unfortunately, the motif quickly caught on with fans and caused more bands to follow in
Slayers footsteps. This gave rise to a new group of listeners and ultimately began a new genre
called black metal and a new group of artist, possibly the most famous of all being, Marilyn
Manson. Black metal simply put, is the metal on which all other metal receives its negative
stereotypes. Black metal is a chaotic chasm of morally devoid lyrics that openly embrace

anti-Christian and even satanic ideas. It projects thoughts of violence and hate through music and
for me it is disgusting to think that people could enjoy such songs, much less dedicate their lives
to writing and playing them.
This one branch of metal, is followed by only a small group of people but yet it holds
such a high importance with outsiders in the judgement of those who listen to metal. Most
metalheads and even bands reject the ideas of black metal and the marketing strategies they use.
Dave Mustaine, the lead singer and guitarist of Megadeth denounces them so much that he
refuses to even travel or tour alongside them because he knows that what they are doing and
stand for, all in the name of publicity, is wrong. Another example is James Hetfield, the lead
singer and rhythm guitarist of Metallica along with the rest of the band refuse to display such
symbols or write lyrics of such ideas because they feel that it is more important to uphold your
morals than to give them up for a possible, slight increase in fans. Most people who enjoy metal
feel this way too, myself included. We listen to metal that rejects immoral ideas and we refuse to
listen to the music that goes in support of dark ideas. Our choice in music is instead placed in
groups that talk about real world social ideas, one of the basic principles of what metal is,
beginning as early as the Black Sabbath days. We enjoy songs that tell stories of freedom, rights,
and keeping corruption out of our world so we can function properly as a society. True metal
embodies the idea that people need to be treated equally and that we need to keep immoralities
out of our lives and systems to the best of our ability.
______________________________________________________________________________

Second Draft:
Music is everywhere, in our cars, advertisements, homes, and much more. We all have our
different tastes in what we find to be good music and bad music and it has a powerful,
unique effect on all of us. One genre of music that has had quite a bit of negative attention is
metal. Whenever I tell people that I listen to metal, the automatic response I get is, Whoa, you
must be a Satanist! Not cool man! and I hate that because in truth, I am a devout Christian and
my lifes goal is to become an ordained pastor with a doctorate in biblical and pastoral studies.
Where did this stereotype of metalheads come from? How did people ever come to associate
anti-Christian teachings with those who enjoy metal? The purpose of this paper is to actively
analyze the progression of rock to metal to see how metal became associated with such
immoralities and to answer the ultimate question of; Why has metal music received such a
negative connotation and its listeners stereotyped as anti-religious?
In the early 1960s, rock was king and one band led the pack with smash hits and record
numbers, The Beatles. They were a band started in Liverpool, England, the birthplace of rock,
and their works were causing international craze over the new style of music. Their genius
crossed seas and washed up onto the shores of America, catching the ears of fans and musicians
alike, including a guitarist named Jimi Hendrix. He took the foundation of rock bands like the
Beatles, Led Zeppelin, and The Who had laid and made it louder, deeper, and more outspoken,
talking about things social issues. Hendrix is often noted as the inventor of modern rock but
truly, his music tipped the first domino in the chain of events that would lead to the introduction
of metal. The trend of his music spread and the volume level grew exponentially, and the lyrics

becoming more in touch with society until one day, the United Kingdom took over once more
with something that would change rock forever.
The year was 1968 and a band named Black Sabbath had just formed; metal was
officially born. Their works were revolutionary, changing the game Hendrix started entirely.
Loud was now an understatement and the music was played at a blistering tempo, in some cases
making the guitar sound almost percussive. Sabbath concerts sold out immediately and they had
accumulated a fan-base larger than that of any previous rock band. Their songs had triggered a
new movement and genre known as British Heavy Metal that led to the creation of groups like
Def Leppard and quite possibly the most famous British metal band ever, Iron Maiden. The
movement would reign supreme for little over a decade when America introduce something that
would forever set the standards of metal music. A young drummer by the name of Lars Ulrich
posted an advertisement calling for instrumentalists to join him to create a metal band that would
compete with the likes of, Tygers of Pan Tang, Diamond Head, and Iron Maiden. His call was
quickly answered by others and Metallica came to be right in the heart of Los Angeles,
California. Along with them came three other groups, one also from Los Angeles but the other
two from New York City. These three bands were Megadeth, Anthrax, and Slayer and together
with Metallica, they became the big four of a new style of music, thrash metal.
The thrash culture exploded across the world, garnering an enormous fan-base and
stealing the spotlight from all other genres of metal almost entirely, it had become a true music
icon. Its deep lyrics about anti large government and corruption spoke numbers to people and
gave fans a feeling of freedom and rebellion and their excitement was also noticed by the bands.
In an attempt to draw larger crowds, groups found it necessary to embody the spirit of rebellion

by composing their logos of unorthodox ideas and filling their songs with lyrics of evil
ideologies. Groups like Slayer took it to a new extreme, donning their official logo as a
pentagram formed from swords and covering their albums with antichrist crucifixes and gore.
Unfortunately, the motif quickly caught on with fans and caused more bands to follow in
Slayers footsteps. This gave rise to a new group of listeners and ultimately began a new genre
called black metal and a new group of artist, possibly the most famous of all being, Marilyn
Manson. Black metal simply put, is the metal on which all other metal receives its negative
stereotypes. Black metal is a chaotic chasm of morally devoid lyrics that openly embrace
anti-Christian and even satanic ideas. It projects thoughts of violence and hate through music and
for me it is disgusting to think that people could enjoy such songs, much less dedicate their lives
to writing and playing them.
This one branch of metal, is followed by only a small group of people but yet it holds
such a high importance with outsiders in the judgement of those who listen to metal. Most
metalheads and even bands reject the ideas of black metal and the marketing strategies they use.
Dave Mustaine, the lead singer and guitarist of Megadeth denounces them so much that he
refuses to even travel or tour alongside them because he knows that what they are doing and
stand for, all in the name of publicity, is wrong. Another example is James Hetfield, the lead
singer and rhythm guitarist of Metallica along with the rest of the band refuse to display such
symbols or write lyrics of such ideas because they feel that it is more important to uphold your
morals than to give them up for a possible, slight increase in fans. Most people who enjoy metal
feel this way too, myself included. We listen to metal that rejects immoral ideas and we refuse to
listen to the music that goes in support of dark ideas. Our choice in music is instead placed in

groups that talk about real world social ideas, one of the basic principles of what metal is,
beginning as early as the Black Sabbath days. We enjoy songs that tell stories of freedom, rights,
and keeping corruption out of our world so we can function properly as a society. True metal
embodies the idea that people need to be treated equally and that we need to keep immoralities
out of our lives and systems to the best of our ability.