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### ROTATORY MOTION -3

• 01. A sphere is released on a smooth inclined plane from the top. When it moves down its angular momentum is
a)
b)
c)
d)

Conserved about every point

Conserved about the point of contact only

Conserved about the centre of the sphere only

conserved about any point on a line parallel to the inclined plane and passing through the centre of the ball

• 2. A smooth tube of certain mass is rotated in gravity free space and released. The two balls shown in the figure move towards ends of the tube. For the whole system which of the following quantity is not conserved ?
a)
b)

c)

d)

angular momentum

Linear momentum

Kinetic energy

Angular speed • 3. A uniform rod of mass m, length l is placed over a smooth horizontal surface along y-axis and is at rest as shown in figure. An impulsive force F is applied for a small time t along x – direction at point A. the x – coordinate of end A of the rod when the rod becomes parallel to x – axis for the first time is (initially the coordinate of centre of centre of mass of the rod is (0,0)) :

a)

l

12

b)

c)

d)

l

2

1

12

l

2

1

6

l

2

1

6 • 4. A uniform rod of mass M and length L lies radially on a disc rotaing with angular speed in a horizontal plane about its axis. The rod does not slip on the disc and the centre of the rod is at a distance R from the centre of the rod is at a distance R from the centre of the disc. Then the kinetic energy of the rod is

a)

b)

1

2

2

m

R

2

1

2

2

mR

2 2
L 
12

c)

1

24

mL

2

2

d) none of these • 5. A mass m is moving at speed v perpendicular to a rod of length d and mass M = 6m which pivots around a frictionless axle running through its centre. It strikes and sticks to the end of the rod. The moment of inertia of the rod about its centre is Md 2 /12. then the angular speed of the system just after the collision is

a)

b)

c)

d)

2v/3d

2v/d

v/d

3v/2d • 6. A particle falls freely near the surface of the earth. Consider a fixed point O (not vertically below the particle) on the ground. Then pickup the incorrect alternative
a)

angular momentum of the particle about O is increasing

• b) torque of the gravitational force on the particle about O is decreasing

• c) the moment of inertia of the particle about O is decreasing

• d) the angular velocity of the particle about O is increasing

• 7. The ball of mass m moving with constant velocity u collides with a smooth horizontal surface at O as shown. Neglect gravity and friction. The y-axis is drawn normal to the horizontal surface at the point of impact O and x-axis is horizontal as shown. About which point will the angular momentum of ball be conserved.

• a) point A

• b) point B

• c) point C

• d) None of these • 8. In the figure shown, a small ball of mass ‘m’ can move without sliding in a fixed semicircular track of radius R in vertical plane. It is released from the top. The resultant force on the ball at the lowest point of the track is

a)

10

mg

7

b)

17

mg

7

c)

3

mg

7

• d) zero • 9. An equilateral prism of mass m rests on a rough horizontal surface with coefficient of friction . A

horizontal force F is applied on the prism as shown in the figure. If the coefficient of friction is sufficiently

high so that the prism does not slide before toppling, then the minimum force required to topple the prism is :

(A)

mg 3

(B) mg

(C)
4

mg 3

(D)

mg

4

• 10. A conical pendulum consists of a simple pendulum moving in a horizontal circle as shown. C is the pivot, O the centre of the circle in which the pendulum bob moves and the constant angular velocity of the bob. If L is the angular momentum about point C, then

• a) L is constant

• b) only direction of L is constant

• c) only magnitude of L is constant

• d) none of the above • 11. A rod AC of length l and mass m is kept on a horizontal smooth plane. It is free to rotate and move. A particle of same mass m moving on the plane with velocity v strikes the rod at point B making an angle rod. The collision is elastic. Af-ter collision 37

0

with the

a)

the angular velocity of the rod will be 72

v

55 l

b) the centre of the rod will travel a distance

l in the time in which it makes half rotation

3

c)

impulse of the impact force is 24 55

mV

Comprehension # 1

d) None of these

A uniform bar of length 6a & mass 8m lies on a smooth horizontal table. Two point masses m & 2m moving

in the same horizontal plane with speeds 2 v and v respectively strike the bar as shown & stick to the bar after

collision • 12. velocity of the centre of mass of the system is

v

2

c) 2 3 v

a)

• b) v d)
zero
v
d)
10 a
2
d)
3mv
v
D)
4
L
2
L
D)
v
• 13. Angular velocity of the rod about centre of mass of the system is
a)

• 5 v a

b) 15 v a

c) 3 v a

• 14. Total kinetic energy of the system, just after the collision is
a)

• 3 2

5

mv

Passage:

• 3 3

2

15

• b) c)

25

mv

2

mv

A rigid, zero mass rod of length 2L is placed on a smooth horizontal plane, and is free to move on it. At t < 0,

the rod is at rest on the y – axis (- L to L). Two small bullets of identical mass m hit the rod at t = 0. The first

\$

one hits the lower end (A) at a velocity of ux , and the second bullet hits the rod at its upper end B, with a

velocity of vi \$ , as depicted in fig. The two bullets stick to the rod simultaneously, at t = 0, and move with it.

• 15. Angular velocity of the system composed of the rod and the two bullets is:
A)

2 v L

• 16. A mass

B)

• v 2v

C)

• L L

A)

• L

• 4 v

• B) C)

v

m

• 3 m is placed at rest on the point (L,0). After what time interval does the rod hit it?

L

L

• 2 v

• 17. If immediately after collision

m

• 3 sticks to the point which is hit on the rod, what is the new angular velocity of

the whole system about the centre of mass?

 1) 3 4 v 2) 3 V 3) 2 v 4) v L 2 L 3 L 4 L 18. Linear velocity of the whole system is: v v 1) zero 2) v 3) 2 4) 3 KEY Q.NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Ans D D D A A B B A A C Q.NO 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Ans A,B,C D A A B C A A