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Reinforced Thermoplastic Tubing

Enhanced Rehabilitation Technologies


XIV Ecuador Oil and Power Expo

Low Cost New Installation & Revitalization of


Existing Pipelines and Creating Monitored
Secondarily Contained Systems for
Environmentally Sensitive Areas

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

AGENDA
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Critical Issues
RTP Tubing
Direct Burial Applications/Case Studies
Enhanced Rehabilitation Process (ERT)
Case Studies
Conclusions

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

Critical Issues
! Older Fields with Marginal Wells are being Shut in or Sold
Excessive Operating Costs
Chemical Treatment
Pipeline Repairs

Leaking Pipelines
Expensive Trenching Pipe Crossings
Oversized Pipes for Todays Production increases Maintenance
Bacterial Issues in Old Fields Increasing H2S

Cant Justify the Capital Cost for Replacement


Excessive Trenching Costs
Expensive Right of Way Rehabilitation

! Protecting Environmentally Sensitive Areas


Highly Corrosive Fluids
Actively Monitoring Pipelines for Leaks

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

Why Use Thermoflex Pipe in Environmentally Sensitive


Areas?
! Polymers Inert to the Oilfield . . . No Corrosion
! Tough Reinforcement . . . Aramid Fibers for Bullet Proof
Strength
! Abrasion Resistant Cover . . . Minimize Installation Issues
! Very little Environmental Impact
Narrow Right of Way
No Heavy Equimpment

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

Minimal Environmental Disturbance

What are Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipes Thermoflex


Pipe
! Fourth Generation Flexible Continuous Composite Piping
Corrosion Resistance and Minimal Maintenance
Liners Inert to the Oilfield & Temperatures to 100C
Eliminates Corrosion Pipeline Integrity Procedures
Low Permeation Eliminated Venting of Annulus

Minimizes Support Equipment for Installation


Extremely Flexible for Tight Work Spaces
Strength of Steel but Light Weight for Light Duty Equipment
Flexibility to Pass Through Risers with Light Duty Pulling Ropes

! Sizing to Minimize Ongoing Maintenance and Costs


Minimal Velocities to Carry Solids
Sized for the Application to Reduce Upfront Costs
Flexibility of Pressure Ratings for the Current Operating Conditions

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 Polyflow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

Thermoflex Tubing
! Multi-Layer Liners
Liners Polymers Inert
to the Oilfield
Low Permeation

! Aramid Fibers
Superior Cyclic
Loading
Corrosion Resistance
Woven to Maintain
Pitch

! Outer Jacket
Abrasion Resistance
Polymers Designed
for Environment

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 Polyflow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

Nylon Chemical Compa8bility

Fortron Chemical Compa8bility

Why Avoid HDPE Liners with


Hydrocarbons

CO2 Transmission Data cc/M2-day

HDPE at 23 and 30C, MOCON Data Source


Nylon at 25C and 35C

PPS H2S vs. CO2 Permea8on Data


cc/M2-day
350

317

300
250
200

171

150
100
50
0

0.066

0.028
H2S

CO2
23C

40/35C

H2S at 23 and 40 C and CO2 at 23 and 35C Source: Mocon

Cyclic Loading Impact on Aramid vs. Glass


Burst Pressure (PSI)
Sample 1

1,958PSI

Sample 2

2,016 PSI

Sample 3

1,958 PSI

Baseline Un-aged Samples

1,984PSI

Avg/SD Aged Samples

1,953 +/- 66PSI

275PSI Rated 3 Thermoex


300PSI Min Amplitude
100,000 Cycles
2 Seconds Per Cycle
Short Term Burst (ASTM
D1599) A_er Aging

Glass Fibers in Contact with Water

Aramid Fibers In Contact with Water

Outer
J
acket
UV Resistance? Not Resistant

Forever
Prefer TiO2 package
White keeps pipe cooler than
black
Long term Data on the
addi8ves to the plas8c
Does not help in Fire
PP and Nylon Great Abrasion
Resistance

Why Thermoex RTP for


Environmentally Sensi8ve Areas?

Polymers Inert to Oileld Environments


Aramid Fibers for Bullet Proof Strength and
Cyclic Loading
Abrasion Resistant Jacket Minimizes
Installa8on Issues

Additional New Lines with RTP is Low Cost


! Rapid Low Cost Installation
! Right Sizing and Type Pipe to
Minimize Issues

Minimum Velocity to Move Solids


Corrosion Resistance

! No Ongoing Maintenance
! Minimal Right of Way Impact

Petrobras Peru Install 2Km/hr. Install Rate

Combined water
CO2 Injection
Pipeline in
United States
2,000PSI Pipe Installed by Hand in Rough Terrain
In Colombia
ISO 9001:2008 Certified
2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

18

Installing Thermoflex in New Fields ($/ft USA)

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

19

Installa8on on Surface
Oil, Brine, CO2
Severe Steel Corrosion
Marginal Field Requiring
Restricted Investment
2Km/Hr. ($0.18/_)
Crack Resistance vs. Fiberglass

Where are the Cost Savings for New Installations


$/ft 1500PSI 2

Steel

Fiberglass*

Thermoflex

Trenching

Same

Same

Same

Sand Bedding

$0.00

$1.65

$0.00

Layout/Couple
Drop in Trench

$8.70

$2.24

$0.60

Chemical Corrosion
Inhibitors

$19.09

$0.00

$0.00

Tracer Wire

$0.00

$0.15

$0.15

Materials

$3.80

$4.52

$6.24

$31.59/ft.

$8.56

$6.99

Totals

*2,,000PSI 8 round EUE to be derated for cyclic loading

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

21

What is Enhance Rehabilitation Technology (ERT)


! Utilize Existing Pipeline as a Conduit for Thermoflex Reinforced
Thermoplastic Piping (RTP)
! Basic Concept: Pig Cable Through Line and Pull RTP Through Existing Line
! Key Components of ERT

Flow Modeling to Minimize Pressure Drop Plus Carry Solids or Fluids


Pull Force Modeling to Determine Equipment Requirements
Design Project Scope
Install RTP with or without Monitoring

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

22

Cost Reductions for Existing Lines : Enhanced


Rehabilitation Technologies

! Rapid Low Cost Installation


! No Ongoing Maintenance
! Pull Through Older Fields with Many Pipe Crossings
Eliminates Trenching Costs
More Rapid Process

! Pulling Gas Lift through Existing Flow Lines

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

23

Insertion inside of Existing Pipelines


! 2 Fiberglass Water Flood Pipe

2,000PSI
2,500ft. (762M) Length
H2S & CO2
$48,000 to Trench a New Line

! Pull 1.75 Thermoflex Inside of 2


Fiberglass
No Pulling Cone on Short Run

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

24

Economic Value Analysis


$80,000
$70,000
$60,000
$50,000
$40,000
$30,000
$20,000
$10,000
$0

Savings
Install
Pipe

Fiberglass

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

ERT

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

25

High H2S & CO2 Wet Gas Line in Populated Area with a
Monitored Secondary Containment in Populated Area
750PSI Gas Line
80,000PPM H2S
100,000PPM CO2
Sealed Annulus between Steel
and RTP
Inject Nitrogen in Annulus
Monitor for Stable Pressure
Monitor for Methane, H2S &
CO2 in Annulus
Continuous Monitoring of
Pressure to Shut the System
Down with Excess Pressure in
Annulus

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

26

Double Walled Salt Water Disposal Line to Minimize


Potential for Leaks on the Land
1500PSI Injecting 5,000bbl/
day
Piping System
3.5 Thermoflex Tubing
6 SDR 11 HDPE
Containment Pipe
Ends Sealed and Pressure
Sensor set at 30PSI to Shut
System Down
Replaced Steel Pipeline that
Leaked onto Rancher Land

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

27

Secondary Contained Pipeline in Environmentally


Sensitive Area
Flowing Oil/Brine/Gas/H2S/Sand @ 800PSI
Sensitive Cyprus Field
Fill Annulus with Packer Fluid
Monitor Pressure with Shut off System
Liquid Annulus Less Sensitive to
Pressure Swings with Temperature

Annulus Fluid Jumper Pipe

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

28

Why ERT and Reinforced Thermoplastic Pipe


! Low Cost Solution for:
Areas with Difficult Trenching
Difficult Right of Way Situations
! Pipeline Solution for Environmentally Sensitive Areas
Continuously Monitored
Secondarily Contained
! Polymers Inert to the Oilfield
No Ongoing Chemical Treatment
Low Inspection Costs

ISO 9001:2008 Certified


2013 PolyFlow, LLC. All rights reserved.

Customized Solutions
Fast, Easy Installation
Superior Operating Life

29