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19.11.

2013 American Literature


Modernist techniques
TS Eliot was also critique, interested in what modernist poetry is.
Make it new. Make poetry new.
Born in America and graduated at Harvad and got his desertation in England, but didnt have time
to go back to America to defend it.
1918s, Eliot published articles on poetry, on tradition, on strategies his envisioned (Tradition and
the individual talent), published in 1919.
He discusses the relation between tradition and poetic genius.
The past- inspiration or burden; to wrestle with the past.
2. Individual talent; poetic talent or genius.
The impersonality of art, which is Eliot's theory. Poetry should not be a turning loose of emotion.
It is an escape from emotion. Itis not the expression of personality, it is an escape from personality.
Poetry is impersonal.
Poet's mind is like a receptacle (words, images, phrases, memories)=> feeling, which is
impersonal, it is not the poet's own.
1919, after Eliot publishes Tradition and the Individual Talent, he publishes another essay which is
called Hamlet.
Life vs death
Life vs dreams
Reality vs dreams
Reality vs appearence
Active vs passive
Is by finding an objective correlative (the onlu way of expressing emotion in the form of art) - a
set of objects, a situation, a chain of events whic shall be the formula of that particular emotion.
Eliot thinka that the poet may reach impersonality.
The Love Song by J.Alfred
H. Berson: objective time and subjective time (1910)
Bradley - the same theory of time
Appropriation (not plagiarism) - taking lines from known texts and use them in their own texts.
"I" fragmented I, composite I (all other ppl not only the poet's self) -The Love Song
Self - unitary in traditional poems
I - collective in modernist poems