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Disclosure to Promote the Right To Information

Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to
information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities,
in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority,
and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest
to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of
education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the
timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public.
1 +, 1 +

01 ' 5

The Right to Information, The Right to Live

Step Out From the Old to the New

Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan

Jawaharlal Nehru

IS 5284 (1969): Recommendations for community milking shed


[FAD 5: Livestock Feeds, Equipment and Systems]

! $ ' +-
Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda

Invent a New India Using Knowledge

! > 0 B

BharthariNtiatakam

Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen

IS : 5284- 1969

Indian Standard
RECOMMENDATIONS
COMMUNITY
MILKING
( First Reprint

UDC

(Reaffirmed 2000)

FOR
SHED

MAY- 1989 ),

637.113

:-728

94

-\
..:

BUREAU
MANAK

Gr 3

OF
BHAVAN,

INDIAN

STANDARDS

9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG


NEW DELHI 110002

November 1969

Isl5284+B

Indian Standard
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
COMMUNITY MILKING SHED
Animal Housing and Equipment

Sectional Committee, AFDC 17


Representing

Chairman
DR C. KRISHNARAO

Ministry of Food, Agriculture,


ment
&
Co-operation
Agriculture )

Community Develop
( Department
of

Members
JOINT COMMISSIONER
( LIVESTOCK
PRODUCTION) TO THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ( Alternate to
Dr C. Krishna Rao )
Directorate
of Animal Husbandry,
Government
o
DR N. R. BHASIN
Rajasthan
DR S. SUKHANI ( Altematc )
Directorate of Military Farms, Army Headquarters
Cot R. C. DATTA
SHRI SHAHIDALI ( Alternate )
National Dairy Research Institute, Kamal
DIRECTOR
SHRI T. NARAYANASWAMY( Alternate )
Directorate
of Animal Husbandry,
Government
of
S~IRI RATTAN SINGH DYAL
Haryana
SHRI K. R. SURI ( Alternate )
Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
DR GIAN SINGH
Directorate
of Animal Husbandry,
Government of
SHRI HARBHAJAWSINGH
Punjab
CAPT AJIT SINGH ( Alternate)
In personal capacity ( Vasundhara Fa, Jaipw )
SHRI V. N. KAK
Directorate
of Remounts
and Ve;;;nyi
Services,
LT-COL KRISHAN KUMAR
Quartermaster
Generals
Army
,
Headquarters
MAJ R. P. S. BHALLA ( Alternafe)
Ministry of Fzd, Agriculture,
Community Develop
SHRI S. N. MOHAN
ment
Co-operauon
(Department
of
Agriculture )
Ministry of Food, Agriculture,
Community DevelopSHRIJ. N. PANDA
ment
&
Co-operation
( Department
of
Agriculture 1
Central Public Works Department, New Delhi
SHRI V. M. PUNDLIK
Milk Commissioner, Government of West Bengal
SHRI A. K. RAY CMAUDHURI
In personal capacity ( JVasirpur Farms, Patiala)
SHRI SATWANT SINGH

( Continuedon page 2 )

BUREAU
MANAK

OF
BHAVAN.

INDIAN
9 BAHADUR

NEW

DELHI

STANDARDS
SHAH ZAFAR MARQ
110002

I!3:5284-1969
( co~hlfedfrom page 1 )
Refiresenfing

Members

Indian Veterinary
Research
Institute,
Izatnagar
DR C. M. SINOH
DR 0. B. TANDON (Alternate)
Central Sheep and Wool Research
Institute,
Malpura
DR 0. N. SINGH
Director
General,
ISI ( Ex-o#cio Member)
Dn HARI BHAOWAN,
Deputy Director
( Agri & Food )
Secretary
.%iRl SOHRAB
Assistant

Director

( Agri & Food ), IS1

Associate Secretary
SHRI C.
Deputy

Farm

Cattle

Buildings

RknACHANDRA

Director

RAO

( Civ Engg ), IS1

and Equipment

Subcommittee,

AFDC

17 : 1

Convener
Sxru S. N. MOHAN

Ministry of F;d,
Agriculture,
ment
Co-operation
Agriculture
)

Community
Develop(Department
of

Members
Ministry of Food, Agriculture,
Community
Development
&
Co-operation
( Department
of
Agriculture
)
Ministry
of Labour,
Employment
& Rehabilitation
DR M. R. MARAT=
( Department
of Rehabilitation
)
National
Dairy Research
Institute,
Karnal
Snnr S. C. SARMA
SHRI T. A. NARAYANMWAMY (Alternate )
Central Public Works Department,
New Delhi
SENIOR ARCI~ITECT (B) I
Indo-Swiss
Project fx Cattle
Breeding,
Dairy
and
DR M. SUBRAHYANYAM
Agriculture
Research
Centre, Munnar
Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar
DR 0. B. TANDON
SHRI S. V. C~~ANDIRAYANI

18:5294-1969

Indian Standard
-RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
COMMUNITY MILKING SHED
0.

FOREWORD

0.1 -This Indian Standard was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution
on 22 September 1969, after the draft finalized by the Animal Housing and
Equipment Sectional Committee had been approved by the Agricultural
and Food Products Division Council.
0.2 India has a vast cattle population.
They form the mainstay of
our agricultural economy.
Despite this, a large majority of animals is
inefficient producers of milk and draught power. This large number also
militates against selection for quality.
0.2.1 Besides better breeding coupled with selection, feeding and
disease control, proper housing is an important feature in raising the
productivity of animals.
At present only a small proportion of cattle is
maintained on scientific lines. Proper housing which is conducive to good
health, comfort and protection from inclement weather, and which would
enable the animals to utilize their genetic ability and feed for optimal
production, is grossly lacking except at a few organized farms. The
adverse effects of the situation among the large numbers of privately
maintained animals are specially manifest in the dairy animals.
A series
of standards is, therefore, being prepared to provide guidelines and help in
meeting the requirements of various categories of dairy enterprises.
0.3 Organized collection of milk from villages is an essential part of
securing milk from rural areas. As such, a system of collective milking is
gradually being introduced with a view to securing milk of satisfactory
quality and to achieve this a well-designed community milking shed has
been found of a great value.
This standard gives details of the buildings
with enclosures to ensure conditions for hygienic milk production and
convenience.
0.4 For the purpose-of deciding whether a particular requirement of this
standard is complied with the final value, observed or calculated,
expressing the result of a test, shall be rounded off in accordance with
The number of significant places retained in the rounded off
IS : 2-1960*.
value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard,
*Rules for rounding off numerical

values ( wised ).

IS : 5284 - 1969
1. SCOPE
I.1 This standard prescribes
requirements
for community

the recommended
milking shed.

2.1 The shed and other


elevated and well-drained

constructional

ancillary
structures
shall be located
area with scope for future expansion.

2.2 The site shall be away


throughout
the year.
2.3 The site shall be such
preferably at low cost.

from
where

public
good

site shall be such that


be oriented east to west.

3. BUILDING

and

OF SITE

2. SELECTION

2.4 The
preferably

layout

road
water

the

but
supply

community

be

easily

would
milking

on

dry,

accessible

be available
-shed

may

UNITS

3.1 The community


milking shed shall consist of milking
room, milk room, wash-up room and office room.

shed,

ration

4. LAYOUT
4.1 A recommended

layout

5. DESCIUPTION

OF COMMUNITY

comprising

the various

units is given in Fig. 1,

MILKING

SHED

5.1 The standings of the milking shed shall be on the head to head system
( see Fig. 1 ). The length and width of the standings
shall be l-5 m with
a view to providing enough space for tying calves near the mother during
milking under village conditions.
There shall be manger troughs on both
sides of the partition wall ( see 6.2 ). There shall be two drains ( one on
each side ) behind the standings and running along the length of the shed
The floor
leading to a common urine pit or to the field, if slope permits.
of standing shall be sloped 1 in 40 towards the drain. There shall be pillars
along the length of the shed to support the tie beams of the roof and two
pillars at the two ends of the shed. A chain shall run at both the ends of the
The
shed to secure the animals ( see Fig. 1 ). The roof shall be gabled.
eaves of the roof shall project out at least 150 cm away from the pillars to
afford protection to the milker during milking time from inclement
weather.
6. CONSTRUCTIONAL

DETAILS

6.1 Floor -

The floor may be either of cement concrete or MO OR UM or


KANKAR or brick-on-edge
or stone slabs.
The details of laying of
MO 0 R UM or KAJVKAR or brick-on-edge or stone slab flooring are given in
Appendix
A. In case of cement concrete flooring, the
properly grooved or roughened
in order to avoid slipping
4

surface shall be
of the animals.

IS : 5284 - l96!9
A plinth level of 15 cm shall be provided for the floor.
Slope of 1 in 40
towards the drains shall be provided for in order to keep floor properly
drained
after washing.
Before the construction
commences,
the ground
itself shall be dressed so that the depth of the drain remains constant.
6.2 Manger - A two-way centrally placed manger shall
may be constructed
of brick laid in cement mortar with a
shaped trough of a size suitable to hold various containers
A raised partition
should divide the
~by the villagers.
The trough may be shaped like a pan and
manger.
circular
or square in section with rounded
corners to
feeding in cattle owners own container.
The dimensions
below:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

be provided.
It
round or a square
commonly
used
two sides of the
it may be semiallow individual
may be as given

60
120
25
40
10
110

Height of manger
Height of central partition
Depth of trough
Inner disc or side of square
Thickness
of each curb
Overall width of manger

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm

out of the same materials


6.3 Drains - The drains shall be constructed
as for the floor.
The width of the drains may vary between 30 cm and
40 cm.
A slope of A in 40 shall be provided to the drains.
The depth of
the drain shall be 6 cm near the standing and 7.5 cm away from standings.
The corners of the drain shall be well rounded off.
6.4 Pillars - The pillars may be built either of stones, or columns of
bricks laid~in cement mortar or pipe columns or hardwood
posts. Each of
them shall be placed at intervals of every two or three standings depending
The height of each pillar from the
upon the width of each standing.
plinth level of the floor to the beam of the roof shall be at least 2.2 m
except two pillars at the end of shed.
The pillars shall be well. rounded
off and masonry pillars shall be plastered up to a height of l-5 m. The
approximate
width or diameter of pillars shall be as given below:
45 x 35 cm (see Note 1 ) or
40 x 30 cm ( see Note 2 )

a) Brick
b) Timber:
1) Rectangular
pillars
2) Round poles, dia

10 x 10 cm
15 cm
10 x 10 cm or 8 x 15 cm
10 cm

c) Stone
d) Iron

pillars,

dia

NOTE 1 -

In case of 9

NOTE 2 -

In case of 20 x 10 cm ( modular ) brick, 2 lengths and 3 widths shall be

45 in brick, 2 lengths and 3 widths shall be used.

USd

-IS : 5284- 1969

TO URINE PIT OR TO FIELD


IF SLOPE PERMITS

PM

SECTION

FIG. 1

.lI

r-SLOPE OF DRAIN 1 IN 40

XX

COMMUNITY MILKING SHED

-IS I 5284

19s9

6.5 Roofs - The roof may be constructed

either of corrugated
asbestos
sheets, galvanized
steel sheets or tiles ( see Note ) supported
by wooden or
The pitch of the roof may range between 22 to 33 degree
tube trusses.
depending
upon the materials used.
Wooden purlins may :be spaced up to
l-3 m apart.
The length of the eaves shall be at least 150 cm to provide
effective cover during milking.
NOTE -

Country

tiles are not recommended.

6.6 Water Trough - There shall be two water troughs


of the milking shed in the yard and shall be constructed
material as floor of standings.
7. ANCILLARY

one on either side


out of the same

STRUCTURES

7.1 Milk Room -

There shall be a room preferably of 3 x 4 m attached


to the shed for collecting and testing of milk.
The door and the windows
shall be made fly-proof.
The flooring of the room shall be of cement
concrete reinforced with iron strips at suitable distance,
to make it hard
wearing.
A suitable
platform
or a slab shall be provided for testing
apparatus.
7.2 Wash-Up Room - There shall be a room of about 3 x 4 m for washing
and storing milk cans.
The flooring of the room shall be of hard-wearing
type to withstand
the frequent handling
of heavy milk cans.
The door
and windows shall be made fly-proof.
This room may be located adjoining
to the milk room.
7.3 Ration Room - There shall be a room of at least 3 x 4 m near the
milking shed to store feed concentrates
to meet the requirements
of the
The ration room shall be made damp- and-rodent-proof.
animals.
7.4 Office Room
in a community
keeping medicines
dimensions
of the

- The provision

of an office room is generally desirable


milking shed.
The office room may also be used for
and instruments
required for treating sick animals.
The
office room shall depend upon the need of enterprise,

7.5 The space between the shed and the ancillary


structures,
namely, the
milk room, the wash-up room, the ration room and the office room, should
be covered, properly paved and kept clean.

APPENDIX
( Clause 6.1 )

DETAILS OF LAYING DIFFERENT TYPES OF FLOORINGS OF


STANDINGS
A-l.

MOORUM

OR KANKAR

FLOORING

A-l.1 The MOORUM or KANKAR flooring shall be laid over a subgrade


of rubble packing or broken bricks of 15 to 25 cm thick wetted and well

rammed. A 15.cm layer of hard MOORUM or KAJVKAR shall be laid over


this subgrade with coarser pieces at the bottom and finer ones at the top. A
layer of powdery MOORUM or KA.NKAR about 3 to5 cm shall be spread
over the top of this layer. Water shall then be sprinkled and the surface
shall be well rammed.
Water shall again be sprinkled until the floor is
fully saturated.
The
surface shall be rammed, levelled and well
consolidated.
When the floor is dry, a thick paste of~cowdung plaster shaI1
be spread and it shall be rammed for two days. A final thin coating of
mixture of cowdung ( four parts ) cement ( one part) shall be applied
after the floor has dried up and wiped clean to prevent cracking and
panelling.
A-2. BRICK-ON-EDGE

FLOORING

A-2.1 The subgrade for this type of flooring shall be rubbles or brick
aggregates which shall be hand-packed, watered and well rammed.
A
layer of 10 cm of lime concrete shall be spread over the sub-base, well
rammed and shall be allowed to set for 7 days. The bricks shall be well
burnt and of good quality ( see IS : 3582-1966* ) and shall be well soaked in
water before laying.
Bricks shall be laid on about 10 mm ~thick cement -or
lime mortar bed and each brick shall be properly bedded on edge and set
home by gentle tapping with the handle of trowel or a wooden mallet. Its
inside faces shall be buttered with mortar before the next brick is laid and
pressed against it. On completion of a portion of flooring the vertical
joints shall be fully filled from the top with the mortar. The surface of the
flooring during the laying shall be frequently checked with a straight edge
at least 2 m long so as to obtain a true surface with the required slope.
The surface of the flooring shall be kept constantly moist for a minimum
period of 7 days. In the case of fat lime mortar, curing. shall commence
two days after the laying of the flooring and shall continue for 7 days.
The bricks may be laid in rows having the joints parallel and at right
angles to the walls or in herringbone pattern.
A-3.

STONE-SLAB

FLOORING

A-3.1 The stone slabs shall be hard, sound and dense ( see IS : 3622-1966t ).
Apart from sandstone any other equivalent
stone slabs may be used
according to the availability of the materials.
The subgrade shall be
prepared as given in A-2.l, and the lime concrete bed shall be cleaned,
wetted and mopped.
The bedding for the slabs shall be with cement
mortar 1 : 4 ( 1 cement: 4 coarse sand ) or with lime mortar ( either 1 lime
putty : 1 SURKHI: 1 coarse sand or 1, lime putty : 2 coarse sand ). The
average thickness of the bedding mortar under the slab shall be 20 mm.
The mortar shall be spread under the area of each slab to the specified
*Specificationfor paving bricks.
tSptcification

for sandstone slab for use in flooring.

ls:5284-1969
thickness.
The stone slab shall be washed clean before laying.
It shall be
laid on top, pressed, tapped with wooden mallet and brought to level with
the adjoining
slabs.
The top surface of
It shall be lifted and laid aside.
the mortar shall then be corrected by adding fresh mortar at hollows. The
edger of the slab &eady paved shall be buttered with cement slurry. The
slab to be paved shall then be lowered gently back in position and ~tapped
with wooden mallet till it is properly bedded in level with and close to the
Subsequent
slabs ihall be
adjoining
slab with as fine a joint as possible.
laid in the same manner.
Alfter each slab has been laid,
surplus
cement on the surf&e of the slab shall be cleaned off. The flooring shall
be cured for a minimum
period of 7 days.
The surface of the flooring as
laid shall be true to a level and shall Abe of the desired slope.
Slight
unevenness
at the meeting
edges of slabs shall be removed
by fine
&selling.

BUREAU

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

Headquarters:
Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, NEW DELHI 110002
Telephones:

331 01 31, 331 13 75

Telegrams: Manaksanstha
( Common to all Offices )

Regional Offices:
Central : Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg,
NEW DELHI 110002
: i/l4
C. I. T. Scheme VII M, V. I. P. Road.
*Eastern
Maniktola, CALCUTTA 700054
Northern : SC0 445-446, Sector 35-C,
CHANDIGARH
160036
Southern

: C. I. T. Campus, MADRAS

600113

TWestern : Manakalaya, E9 MIDC. Marol, Andheri


BOMBAY 400093

Telephone
331 01 31
I 331 1375
36 24 99

21843
I 3 16 41
41 24 42
41 25 19
41 29 16
( East ), 6 32 92 g5

Branch Offices:
Pushpak.
Nurmohamed
AHMADABAD
380001Shaikh Marg, Khanpur.

2 63 48
I 2 63 49
ZPeenya
Industrial 560058
Area 1st Stage, Bangalore Tumkur Road 38 4g 55
BANGALORE
38 49 56
Gangotri Complex, 5th Floor, Bhadbhada Road, T. T. Nagar,
667 16
BHOPAL 462003
Plot No. 82/83, Lewis Road. BHUBANESHWAR 751002
5 36 27
5315. Ward No. 29, R.G. Barua Road, 5th Byelane,
3 31 77
GUWAHATI 781003
5-8-56C L. N. Gupta Marg ( Nampally Station Road ),
23 1083
HYDERABAD 500001
6 34 71
R14 Yudhister Marg. C Scheme, JAIPUR 302005
{ 6 98 32
21 68 76
117/418 B Sarvodaya Nagar, KANPUR 208005
( 21 82 92
Patliputra Industrial Estate, PATNA 800013
6 23 05
T.C. No. 14/1421. University P.O.. Palayam
16 21 04
TRIVANDRUM
695035
16 21 17
/nspection Offices ( With Sale Point ):
Pushpanjali, First Floor, 205-A West High Court Road,
2 51 71
Shankar Nagar Square, NAGPUR 440010
5 24 35
Institution of Engineers ( India ) Building, 1332 Shivaji Nagar,
PUNE 411005
*Sales Office in Calcutta is at 5 Chowringhee Approach, P. 0. Princep 27 66 00
Street. Celcutta 700072
tSales Office in Bombey is at Novelty
Chambers,
Grant Road, 69 65 26
Bombay 400007
$Sales Office in Bangalore is at Unity Building, Narasimharaja Square, 22 36 71
Bangalore 560002

Reprography Unit, BIS, New Delhi, India