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VSG-410

Multi-Format HD Signal Generator


Installation and Operation Handbook

Printed December 2008


Item # 061991 Rev. B
Copyright 200-2008 by Harris Corporation
All rights reserved.
Contents of this publication may not be reproduced in any form without permission of Harris Corporation.
This instrument, in whole or in part, may be protected by one or more US or foreign patents or patent applications.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows 2000 are registered trademarks of Microsoft, Inc.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft, Inc.

Operators Safety Summary


WARNING: These instructions are for use by qualified personnel only. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, do not perform this installation or any servicing unless you are qualified to do so.
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.

Ensuring Safety

WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not expose this apparatus to
rain or moisture.

DISCARD USED BATTERIES ACCORDING TO THE MANUFACTURERS


INSTRUCTIONS. See page 21 for more information.

Replace batteries with the same or equivalent type only. See page 20 for more information.

The unit should not be exposed to dripping or splashing, and no objects filled with liquids,
such as vases, shall be placed on the unit.

When the unit is to be permanently cabled, connect the protective ground conductor before
making any other connections.

Do not place any open flame sources (such as lighted candles) on the unit.

Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other
apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat.

Maintain the recommended minimum distances around the unit for sufficient ventilation. See
page 5 for recommended minimum distances.

Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the manufacturers
instructions.

Operate built-in units only when they are properly fitted into the system.

For permanently cabled units without built-in fuses, automatic switches, or similar protective
facilities, the AC supply line must be fitted with fuses rated to the units.

Before switching on the unit, ensure that the operating voltage set at the unit matches the line
voltage, if appropriate. If a different operating voltage is to be set, use a fuse with the
appropriate rating. Refer to the Installation Instructions.

Units of Protection Class I with an AC supply cable and plug that can be disconnected must
be operated only from a power socket with protective ground contact:

Do not use an extension cableit can render the protective ground connection
ineffective.

Do not intentionally interrupt the protective ground conductor.

Do not break the protective ground conductor inside or outside the unit or loosen the
protective ground connection; such actions can cause the unit to become electrically
hazardous.
VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook
Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

iii

Operators Safety Summary

Before opening the unit, isolate it from the AC supply, and then ensure that

Adjustments, part replacements, maintenance, and repairs are carried out by qualified
personnel only.

Safety regulations and rules are observed to prevent accidents.

Only original parts are used to replace parts relevant to safety (for example, the power
on/off switches, power transformers, and fuses).

Replaceable fuses can be hazardous when live. Before replacing a fuse, disconnect the AC
power source.

Use caution when cleaning the equipment; isopropyl alcohol or similar solvents can damage
or remove the labels.

Observe any additional safety instructions specified in this manual.

Important Safety Instructions

iv

Read these instructions.

Keep these instructions.

Heed all warnings.

Follow all instructions.

Do not use this apparatus near water.

Clean only with dry cloth.

Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type plug. A polarized
plug has two blades with one wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades
and a third grounding prong. The wide blade or the third prong is provided for your
safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for
replacement of the obsolete outlet.

Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs,
convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the apparatus.

Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.

Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long periods of time.

Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the
apparatus has been damaged in any way, such as power-supply cord or plug is damaged,
liquid has been spilled or objects have fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been
exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped.

The devices IEC power connector shall remain readily accessible.

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Operators Safety Summary

Explanation of Symbols
These symbols may appear on Harris equipment:
Explanation of Symbols

Certification Labels and Symbol Locations


On Harris equipment, certification labels and symbols are located on the back panel, rear chassis
sides, or bottom rear of the chassis. On smaller space-restricted units, most labels and symbols
can be found on the bottom rear of the chassis.

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Operators Safety Summary

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VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


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Directives and Compliances


This section provides information concerning Harris Corporation compliance with EU Directive
2002/95/EC and EU Directive 2002/96/EC.
Restriction on Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive 2002/95/EC

Hazardous Substances (RoHS)sets limits on the use of certain substances found in electrical
and electronic equipment. The intent of this legislation is to reduce the amount of hazardous
chemicals that may leach out of landfill sites or otherwise contaminate the environment during
end-of-life recycling. The Directive, which took effect on July 1, 2006, refers to the following
hazardous substances:

Lead (Pb)

Mercury (Hg)

Cadmium (Cd)

Hexavalent Chromium (Cr-V1)

Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB)

Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE)

In accordance with this EU Directive, all Harris products sold in the European Union will be
fully RoHS-compliant and lead-free. (See the Harris Premier website for more information on
dates and deadlines for compliance.) Spare parts supplied for the repair and upgrade of
equipment sold before July 1, 2006 are exempt from the legislation. Harris equipment that
complies with the EU directive will be marked with a RoHS-compliant symbol, as shown in
Figure 1.
Figure 1. RoHS Compliance Symbol

Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)


Directive 2002/96/EC
The European Union (EU) Directive 2002/96/EC on Waste from Electrical and Electronic
Equipment (WEEE) deals with the collection, treatment, recovery, and recycling of electrical and
electronic waste products. The objective of the WEEE Directive is to assign the responsibility for
the disposal of associated hazardous waste to either the producers or users of these products. As
of August 13, 2005, producers or users are required to recycle electrical and electronic
equipment at end of its useful life, and must not dispose of the equipment in landfills or by using
other unapproved methods. (Some EU member states may have different deadlines.)
In accordance with this EU Directive, Harris Corporation and other companies selling electric or
electronic devices in the EU will affix labels indicating that such products must be properly
recycled.
VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook
Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

vii

Directives and Compliances

(See the Harris Premier website for more information on dates and deadlines for compliance.)
Contact your local Harris sales representative for information on returning these products for
recycling. Harris equipment that complies with the EU directive will be marked with a WEEEcompliant symbol, as shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2. WEEE Compliance Symbol

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VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Contents
Operators Safety Summary ........................................................................................ iii
Ensuring Safety ...................................................................................................................................... iii
Important Safety Instructions .................................................................................................................. iv
Explanation of Symbols ........................................................................................................................... v
Certification Labels and Symbol Locations............................................................................................... v

Directives and Compliances ...................................................................................... vii


Restriction on Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive 2002/95/EC ......................................................vii
Waste from Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive 2002/96/EC......................................vii

Contents........................................................................................................................ ix
Section 1 Introduction............................................................................................... 1
Features.................................................................................................................................................. 1
Compatible GPS Receivers ..................................................................................................................... 2
Service and Support ................................................................................................................................ 3

Section 2 Installation................................................................................................. 5
Before Use .............................................................................................................................................. 5
Inspecting the Shipment .......................................................................................................................... 5
Installing the VSG-410............................................................................................................................. 6
Rack Mounting the VSG-410 (OPTIONAL) ...................................................................................... 6
Installation Instructions to Rack Mount the VSG-410 ................................................................... 7
Connecting the VSG-410......................................................................................................................... 8
Breakout Module ..................................................................................................................................... 9
DIP Switch SW8............................................................................................................................ 10
Hz Output...................................................................................................................................... 10
Time Code Outputs (TC1 OUT and TC2 OUT) .............................................................................. 10
TRG/PPS...................................................................................................................................... 11
Impulse Out .................................................................................................................................. 11
Time Code Input (TC1 INPUT) ...................................................................................................... 11
26-Pin D-Sub Connector ............................................................................................................... 12
TIA/EIA-574 (RS-232) 9-Pin Serial Connector ............................................................................... 12
DARS OUTPUT (BNC).................................................................................................................. 13
System Connections.............................................................................................................................. 13
Connecting the VSG-410 to a GPS-3902 or GPS-3903 Receiver................................................... 13

VTM-400HD Service and Instruction Manual


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

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Contents

Mounting a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 Antenna................................................................................ 13


Connecting a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 Antenna to the Receiver .................................................... 14
Connecting the VSG-410 to a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 Receiver................................................... 14
Connecting a VSG-410 to a GPS-1600 Receiver........................................................................... 15
Connecting a VSG-410 to a GPS-5300 Receiver........................................................................... 16
Connecting Other Devices to the VSG-410 ............................................................................................ 18
Connecting the VSG-410 to a PC .......................................................................................................... 18
Connecting the VSG-410 to a TCC-1302 Device ........................................................................... 18
Connecting Two VSG-410s Together ............................................................................................ 18
Connecting a VSG-410 to the Ethernet.......................................................................................... 19
Connecting the VSG-410 System to a Network ......................................................................... 19
Connecting the Power Supply................................................................................................................ 20
Battery Installation and Disposal ............................................................................................................ 20
Installing Batteries......................................................................................................................... 20
Disposing of Batteries ................................................................................................................... 21
Setting Jumpers .................................................................................................................................... 21

Section 3 Operation................................................................................................. 23
Front Panel Controls and Indicators....................................................................................................... 23
Time Generator Overview...................................................................................................................... 24
VSG-410 Time Inputs.................................................................................................................... 25
Using Software Phase Loop Lock .................................................................................................. 26
Input Source Switching.............................................................................................................. 26
Internal Time Keeping ................................................................................................................... 26
VSG-410 Time Outputs ................................................................................................................. 27
VSG-410 Supported Time Bases................................................................................................... 27
TAI Time................................................................................................................................... 27
UTC Time ................................................................................................................................. 27
GPS Time ................................................................................................................................. 28
Local Time ................................................................................................................................ 28
How the VSG-410 Calculates Time ............................................................................................... 28
Using the VSG-410 Offset Parameters...................................................................................... 29
Calculating Input TAI Time ........................................................................................................ 29
Calculating Local Time.............................................................................................................. 30
Calculating Output LTC Time .................................................................................................... 30
VSG-410 Test Signals ........................................................................................................................... 30
Video Test Signals ........................................................................................................................ 30
Audio Test Signals .................................................................................................................... 34
Navigating the MENU ............................................................................................................................ 34
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VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


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Contents

Input Status ........................................................................................................................................... 59


Locking the Master Time Generator to an Input Source ................................................................. 59
Locking the Test Signal Generator to an Input Source ................................................................... 59
Input Time Error ............................................................................................................................ 60
Reference Inputs ................................................................................................................................... 60
Reviewing Genlock Source Information ..................................................................................... 60
Setting Input Sources .................................................................................................................... 60
Setting the Master Time Generator Input Sources ..................................................................... 61
Setting the Test Signal Generator Input Sources ....................................................................... 61
Selecting the Video Input Signal .................................................................................................... 62
Input Time Code............................................................................................................................ 63
Time Code Input Offset Operation Considerations..................................................................... 64
Applying Settings for GPS Receiver Operation .............................................................................. 64
Using a GPS-3903/3902/3901 or GPS-5300 Receiver............................................................... 64
Applying Serial Connection Settings .............................................................................................. 68
Calling Out for Time Information Using the Serial Connection.................................................... 68
Using the Serial Port to Provide Remote Access ....................................................................... 69
Setting up Dual Serial Port Mode .............................................................................................. 69
Connecting the VSG to a Reference Source and Providing Access to the CSD User Interface... 70
Locking the Serial Connection to Continuous Time Code Conversion Output............................. 71
Outputs ................................................................................................................................................. 72
Output Sync .................................................................................................................................. 72
Setting HZ Out Control .............................................................................................................. 72
Setting DARS Control ............................................................................................................... 72
Setting Impulse Drive Control.................................................................................................... 72
Setting Black Burst and ATR (Black Output) .................................................................................. 73
Applying an Output ATR Offset Delay........................................................................................ 74
Applying Output ATR Phasing................................................................................................... 75
Configuring Composite Video Output Test Signals......................................................................... 76
Setting Up the Composite Video Output Signal.......................................................................... 76
Selecting a Composite Video Test Signal .................................................................................. 77
Configuring SDI Video Output Test Signals ................................................................................... 77
Setting Up SDI Video Output..................................................................................................... 77
Selecting an SDI Video Test Signal ........................................................................................... 78
Selecting an SDI Test Slide....................................................................................................... 78
Adjusting Output Video Phase....................................................................................................... 78
Configuring Video Output Phasing Controls............................................................................... 79
Configuring Output Vertical Interval Timecode........................................................................... 79
VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook
Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

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Contents

Configuring Audio Test Tones ....................................................................................................... 80


Configuring Audio Test Tone Signals ........................................................................................ 81
Assign Test Signals to AES and Analog Audio Output Channels ............................................... 81
Assigning Audio Test Signals to SDI Output Channels .............................................................. 82
Applying Output Time Code Settings ............................................................................................. 82
Setting Time Code Format and User Bit Format ........................................................................ 83
Applying an Output Time Code Offset ....................................................................................... 84
Applying an Output Time Code Auxiliary Offset ......................................................................... 85
Applying Output LTC Phasing ................................................................................................... 86
Applying an Output Time Code Jam Sync ................................................................................. 87
Using LTC Discontinuity Mode .................................................................................................. 88
Setting the Output Time Code Mode ......................................................................................... 89
Setting Output Time Code to UTC Time .................................................................................... 90
Generating Continuous TCC Output.......................................................................................... 90
Configuring the VSG-410 to Function with a PC though the RS-232 Port................................... 90
Clock..................................................................................................................................................... 91
Display Time ................................................................................................................................. 91
Set Time ....................................................................................................................................... 91
Setting the Time and Date Manually.......................................................................................... 91
Setting the Time and Date Using an External Trigger ................................................................ 91
Setting the Time Zone and Locale............................................................................................. 92
Using Manual Daylight Savings Time Mode............................................................................... 92
Setting Up Manual DST Rules................................................................................................... 92
Immediately Enabling DST ........................................................................................................ 93
Applying Input DST Auto-Detection ........................................................................................... 94
Configuring Leap Second Changes ........................................................................................... 95
Applying Input Leap Second Auto-Detection.............................................................................. 96
Local Offset................................................................................................................................... 97
Applying an Immediate Local Offset .......................................................................................... 97
Applying a Local Offset Delay ................................................................................................... 97
Input Jam ...................................................................................................................................... 98
Scenario 1 ................................................................................................................................ 98
Scenario 2 ................................................................................................................................ 98
Scenario 3 ................................................................................................................................ 99
Applying a Manual Jam Sync .................................................................................................... 99
Scheduling an Input Jam Sync Using Jam Sync Controls .......................................................... 99
Using the Input Jam Error ....................................................................................................... 100
Setting the Trig/PPS Control ................................................................................................... 100
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VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


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Contents

Network Time Protocol (NTP) Support ................................................................................................. 100


NTP-4.1.1A Copyright ................................................................................................................. 101
VSG-410 Network Time Protocol Support.................................................................................... 101
Configuring the VSG-410 for NTP Support .................................................................................. 102
Configuring the NTP Control Parameters................................................................................. 102
Using NTP Configuration Files ................................................................................................ 103
Editing and Creating NTP Configuration Files.......................................................................... 104
Uploading the Updated NTP Configuration File to the VSG-410............................................... 106
Creating Customized NTP Configuration Files......................................................................... 107
Configuring Video Output On-Screen Displays..................................................................................... 108
Entering Source ID Text Strings .............................................................................................. 109
Alarms................................................................................................................................................. 109
Enabling or Disabling an Alarm Parameter .................................................................................. 109
Using CCS Software with the VSG-410................................................................................................ 110
Configuring the V2A Timing Test Tool.................................................................................................. 110
Configuring a Composite Video Output as a V2A Test Signal Transmitter.................................... 110
Configuring an SDI Video Output as a V2A Test Signal Transmitter............................................. 111
Configuring the Audio Sources as a V2A Test Signal Transmitter ................................................ 111
Setup .................................................................................................................................................. 112
Restoring Factory Default Parameter Settings ............................................................................. 112
TSG and MTG HW Ver................................................................................................................ 112
TSG and MTG SW Ver................................................................................................................ 112
Cont Mod HW Ver ....................................................................................................................... 112
Cont Mod SW Ver ....................................................................................................................... 112
Presets................................................................................................................................................ 112
Storing Presets ........................................................................................................................... 113
Recalling Presets ........................................................................................................................ 113
Preset 1 to 4 Name ..................................................................................................................... 113
Backlight Enable ......................................................................................................................... 113

Section 4 Installing Navigator and IconTools LogoCreator............................... 115


Navigator............................................................................................................................................. 115
LogoCreator ........................................................................................................................................ 122
Installation................................................................................................................................... 122
Working with VSG-410 Test Slides.............................................................................................. 126
Test Slide Creation Overview .................................................................................................. 126
Creating Test Slide .mg2 Files................................................................................................. 126
Transferring Test Slide .mg2 Files to the VSG-410 .................................................................. 127

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Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

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Contents

Section 5 Troubleshooting ................................................................................... 129


Problems, Symptoms, Causes, and Solutions...................................................................................... 129
Upgrading the VSG-410 Firmware ....................................................................................................... 129
Upgrading Procedure .................................................................................................................. 129
Discovering Devices Using the Drag-and-Drop Method ........................................................... 130
Correcting a Failed Upgrading Procedure.................................................................................... 130
Setting the Device to Fail-Safe Loader Mode........................................................................... 131

Appendix A Specifications ................................................................................... 133


Genlock Input (GENLOCK IN) ............................................................................................................. 133
Video Output (Black Out)..................................................................................................................... 133
10 MHz Input (10 MHz)........................................................................................................................ 133
10/100 Base-T Ethernet (Ethernet) ...................................................................................................... 133
Supported GPS Devices...................................................................................................................... 134
NTP..................................................................................................................................................... 134
Time through Serial Time through Serial ............................................................................................. 134
Free-Run Mode on External Trigger..................................................................................................... 134
SD/HD SDI Output Characteristics....................................................................................................... 134
Composite Video Output...................................................................................................................... 135
Analog Audio Output............................................................................................................................ 135
AES Unbalanced ................................................................................................................................. 135
10 MHz Output .................................................................................................................................... 135
DARS EIA/TIA-232-E LTC GPIO ......................................................................................................... 136
PPS..................................................................................................................................................... 137
Applicable Standards........................................................................................................................... 137
Power Requirements ........................................................................................................................... 137
Mechanical .......................................................................................................................................... 137
Environmental ..................................................................................................................................... 137
Standard Accessories.......................................................................................................................... 138

Appendix B Pinouts .............................................................................................. 139


Appendix C Glossary ............................................................................................ 141
Index........................................................................................................................... 151
List of Figures
Figure 1-1. VSG-410 Front and Back Panels ........................................................................................... 2
Figure 2-1. Rack Mounting the VSG-410.................................................................................................. 6
Figure 2-2. VSG-410 Back Panel Connectors .......................................................................................... 8
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VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


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Contents

Figure 2-3. VSG-Breakout Board ............................................................................................................. 9


Figure 2-4. RS-232 9-Pin, Male, D-Sub Connector................................................................................. 12
Figure 2-5. Typical Outdoor Installation of a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 Antenna........................................... 14
Figure 2-6. VSG-410 to GPS-3902/GPS-3903 Receiver Connections .................................................... 15
Figure 2-7. VSG-410 to GPS-1600 Receiver Connections...................................................................... 16
Figure 2-8. VSG-410 to GPS-5300 Connections .................................................................................... 17
Figure 2-9. VSG-410 Network Connections Example ............................................................................. 19
Figure 3-1. VSG-410 Front Panel Controls and Indicators...................................................................... 23
Figure 3-2. VSG-410 Time Generator Inputs and Outputs Flow Diagram................................................ 25
Figure 3-3. ntp-4.1.1A VSG-410 Relationship ...................................................................................... 101
Figure 3-4. FTP Response................................................................................................................... 104
Figure 3-5. ftpadmin Response ............................................................................................................ 104
Figure 3-6. Get ntp.conf Response ...................................................................................................... 104
Figure 3-7. Default ntp.conf File........................................................................................................... 105
Figure 3-8. Updated ntp.conf File......................................................................................................... 105
Figure 3-9. FTP Response (Upload) .................................................................................................... 106
Figure 3-10. ntpadmin Response (Upload)........................................................................................... 106
Figure 3-11. Uploading ntp.conf Screen............................................................................................... 107
Figure 3-12. NTP Configuration File Using the Iburst Command .......................................................... 107
Figure 4-1. InstallShield Wizard (Navigator) ......................................................................................... 115
Figure 4-2. Extracting Files Screen ...................................................................................................... 115
Figure 4-3. CCS Navigator Splash Screen ........................................................................................... 116
Figure 4-4. Navigator Setup Welcome Screen ..................................................................................... 116
Figure 4-5. Software License Agreement Screen ................................................................................. 116
Figure 4-6. Select Components Screen................................................................................................ 117
Figure 4-7. Mandatory Components Message Screen.......................................................................... 117
Figure 4-8. Recommended Software Packages Not Found Screen ...................................................... 118
Figure 4-9. Destination Location Screen .............................................................................................. 118
Figure 4-10. Setup Program Folder Screen.......................................................................................... 118
Figure 4-11. Start Copying Files Screen............................................................................................... 119
Figure 4-12. Installation Progress ........................................................................................................ 119
Figure 4-13. Setup Complete............................................................................................................... 119
Figure 4-14. Build Mode Screen........................................................................................................... 120
Figure 4-15. Discovery Options Screen................................................................................................ 121
Figure 4-16. Add Host Screen.............................................................................................................. 121
Figure 4-17. Control Screen................................................................................................................. 122
Figure 4-18. File Extraction.................................................................................................................. 123
Figure 4-19. Welcome Screen (IconTools) ........................................................................................... 123
VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook
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Contents

Figure 4-20. Warning Screen ............................................................................................................... 123


Figure 4-21. Microsoft .NET Framework Screen................................................................................... 124
Figure 4-22. Special Features Screen.................................................................................................. 124
Figure 4-23. Ready to Install Screen .................................................................................................... 125
Figure 4-24. Updating System Screen ................................................................................................. 125
Figure 4-25. Finished Screen............................................................................................................... 126
Figure B-1. RS-232 9-Pin, Male, D-Sub Connector .............................................................................. 139
Figure B-2. LTC GPIO 26-Pin, Female, D-Sub Connector .................................................................... 140
Figure B-3. Ethernet RJ-45 Connector ................................................................................................. 140

List of Tables
Table 2-1. Parts Required to Rack Mount the VSG-410 ........................................................................... 6
Table 2-2. Description of VSG-410 Back Panel Connectors ..................................................................... 8
Table 2-3. DIP Switch SW8 Positions 1 and 2........................................................................................ 10
Table 2-4. DIP Switch SW8 Position 3 ................................................................................................... 10
Table 2-5. DIP Switch SW8 Positions 4 and 5........................................................................................ 10
Table 2-6. HZ Pin Layouts ..................................................................................................................... 10
Table 2-7. TC OUT Pin Layouts............................................................................................................. 11
Table 2-8. TC OUT Pin Layouts............................................................................................................. 11
Table 2-9. IMPULSE OUT Pin Layouts .................................................................................................. 11
Table 2-10. TC Input Pin Layouts........................................................................................................... 11
Table 2-11. Serial Port (Single).............................................................................................................. 12
Table 2-12. Serial Port (Dual Serial Option) ........................................................................................... 12
Table 2-13. Jumper Positions ................................................................................................................ 21
Table 3-1. Description of Front Panel Controls and Indicators ................................................................ 23
Table 3-2. Relationship Between UTC and TAI Time ............................................................................. 28
Table 3-3. Relationship Between Local and TAI Time ............................................................................ 28
Table 3-4. Offset Parameter Time Unit Descriptions............................................................................... 29
Table 3-5. VSG-410 Offset Parameters.................................................................................................. 29
Table 3-6. Video Test Signals................................................................................................................ 30
Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection........................................................................................................ 35
Table 3-8. Connection Status for GPS-3902 and GPS-5300 .................................................................. 66
Table 3-9. Connection Status for GPS-1600 .......................................................................................... 67
Table 3-10. Lines Available for Dual Serial Ports.................................................................................... 69
Table 3-11. Output ATR Phasing Maximum Adjustment Scale Values.................................................... 76
Table 3-12. Output Video Phasing Maximum Adjustment Scale Values.................................................. 79
Table 3-13. Changes in Time Code Output ............................................................................................ 83
Table 3-14. Output Time Code Format Options...................................................................................... 84
Table 3-15. Output Time Code User Bit Format Options ........................................................................ 84
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VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


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Contents

Table 3-16. Maximum Output Time Code Phasing Values...................................................................... 87


Table 3-17. Example String for Manual DST Rule .................................................................................. 93
Table 3-18. Parameter Change Descriptions.......................................................................................... 99
Table 3-19. On-Screen Source ID Text Position Parameters................................................................ 108
Table 4-1. Test Slide Fill and Key Image Dimensions........................................................................... 127
Table 5-1. VSG-410: Problems, Symptoms, Causes, and Solutions ..................................................... 129
Table B-1. Pinouts for the RS-232 9-Pin, Male, D-Sub Connector ........................................................ 139
Table B-2. Pinouts for LTC/GPIO Connector........................................................................................ 140
Table B-3. Ethernet RJ-45 Connector Pinouts...................................................................................... 140

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VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


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Section 1 Introduction
NOTE: There are two boards inside the VSG-410. One board is the Master Time Generator (MTG) and
the other is the Test Signal Generator (TSG). Menu items may appear with the MTG and TSG indication
to separate the area of functionality.
NOTE: Genlock settings, if altered, will alter the outputs.

The VSG-410 High Definition Signal Generator is a half-rack width portable or stationary signal
generator that is used both as a test signal generator (TSG) and a master time generator (MTG).
As a test signal generator, the VSG-410 can produce analog, digital, and audio test signals
required in a broadcast facility.
As a master time generator, the VSG-410 inputs time information from various reference
sources, including Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Network Time Protocol (NTP) servers.
It contains an internal timing engine that processes the incoming reference information, makes
appropriate conversions to different time bases, and maintains a consistent time base, which is
used to drive the outputs. The VSG-410 provides a Digital Audio Reference Signal (DARS)
output, as well as a Vertical Interval Time Code (VITC) and Absolute Time Reference (ATR)
support for black burst video outputs.
General navigation is performed via front panel controls, but can also be controlled remotely by
Navigator software or the NUCLEUS user customizable remote control.

Features
Features of the VSG-410 include:

Small in size and light in weight

Powered by an external power supply

HD, SD, and analog composite or tri-level sync test signal generation

Independent analog audio tone channels

User loadable test signals

Support for video/genlock input from NTSC, PAL-B, PAL-M, or Tri-Level Sync format
sources

Support for various time code formats and time code user bit formats, including
SMPTE/EBU drop frame or non-drop time code formats

Detection of embedded information for video inputs

Support for input Absolute Timing Reference (ATR) input features

Support for Network Timing Protocol (NTP) via an Ethernet connection port

Four independently configurable black burst video outputs

Two SMPTE/EBU serial time code, 600, or Low-Z balanced time code outputs, each
independently configurable for linear (LTC) drop frame or non-drop frame time code and
Vertical Interval Time Code (VITC)

Supports Digital Audio Reference Signal output (DARS)


VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook
Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Introduction

Configurable Daylight Savings Time and Leap Year

User-definable scheduled call outs to time reference sources, such as GPS receivers

AES and analog audio outputs

LTC timecode input (600 or High-Z termination)

Genlock input (looping). Genlock input support for BB (NTSC, PAL) or tri-level sync
(support for all VTG-1600 frame rates)

GPS interfaces

All controls utilized via the front panel or remote control via CCS-P protocol and
Pilot/Navigator and Nucleus control panel

Options include:

Rack adapter and blank filler plate

Figure 1-1 illustrates the front and back panels of the VSG-410.
Figure 1-1. VSG-410 Front and Back Panels

Compatible GPS Receivers


The VSG-410 can operate with the following GPS receivers:

GPS-3903/3902/3901 for time reference only

GPS-1600 for time reference and genlock applications

GPS-5300 for time reference only

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Introduction

Service and Support


For service support, telephone the Customer Service Department at 1-888-534-8246. If the
problem cannot be resolved over the telephone and the instrument must be shipped to Harris for
service or repair:

Obtain a Return Authorization (RA) number from the Harris Customer Service Department.

Attach a tag to the unit with:

Your company name, address, and telephone number

The name of the contact person at your company

The RA number

The unit serial number

An explanation of the problem

To prevent shipping damage, pack the unit the same way Harris had packed it. If possible,
use the original packing materials in the original shipping container.

Ship the unit to:


Harris Corporation
Videotek Test and Measurement
243 Shoemaker Road
Pottstown, PA 19464-6433
Attn: RA xxx (where x is the RA number)
Email: BCDService@harris.com

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


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Introduction

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VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Section 2 Installation
This section provides information about inspecting and installing the VSG-410.

Before Use
Please read this operation manual carefully to avoid misuse or damage. Be sure to review the
Operators Safety Summary (starting on page iii) for important safety information. For the
VSG-410, the following conditions apply:

The unit is designed for a normal commercial environment. Do not operate this product in
extremely high or low temperature and wet or dusty conditions.

To prevent the product from overheating, provide proper ventilation. Do not obstruct the
back and side ventilation areas of the unit.

Do not operate this product from a power source that supplies more or less than the voltage
specified on the product.

To avoid a fire hazard, use only the power cord that is supplied with the product.

The unit is designed for rack mounting, do not install in unstable or unsuitable boxes. Do not
use the unit to support heavy objects. Optional rack mounting kits are available.

When not in use for a long period of time, turn off the power supply of the unit.

Do not dismantle the unit unless instructed to do so in the manual.

CAUTION: To avoid overheating the unit, maintain a minimum distance of 3 in. (76 mm)
from the left and right sides, and from the back of the unit. Top and bottom clearance should be
0.032 in. (0.813 mm) of open area.

Inspecting the Shipment


Before installing the VSG-410, inspect the box and the contents. Report any damage to the
shipper, and telephone the Harris Customer Service Department for service and support (see
Service and Support on page 3).
The box contains the following items:

One VSG-410

One Breakout module

One VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook

One RJ45 CAT5 cable

One 6-position 3.5 mm connector socket

One 3-position 3.5 mm connector socket

Navigator and other software on a CD-ROM

One power cord and external power supply

Save the box and packing material for any future shipping requirements.
VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook
Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Installation

Installing the VSG-410


The following subsections provide instructions for optionally rack mounting the unit, connecting
the unit, and configuring the unit for remote control.

Rack Mounting the VSG-410 (OPTIONAL)


Though the VSG-410 is a portable unit, it can also be rack mounted. When selecting the
permanent mounting location for the VSG-410, ensure that the airflow to the ventilation holes on
the sides of the chassis is not obstructed. See page 5 for recommended minimum distances. The
VSG-410-RM option hardware kit (item number 866387) rack mounts the VSG-410 into a rack,
as illustrated in Figure 2-1 and described in Table 2-1.
Figure 2-1. Rack Mounting the VSG-410

Table 2-1. Parts Required to Rack Mount the VSG-410

Key

Item Number

Quantity

Description

VSG-410

SIGNAL GENERATOR

832763

RACK MOUNT BRACKET, LEFT

831016

14

HDW SCREW #4-403/8 PP BLK

832764

RACK MOUNT EXTENSION BRACKET

832762

RACK MOUNT BRACKET, RIGHT

831130

HDW SCREW 6-323/8 PP

144005

HDW NUT #6-32 LARGE PATTERN

831044

SCREW, 10-32 PP BLK

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


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Installation

Table 2-1. Parts Required to Rack Mount the VSG-410


Key

Item Number

Quantity

Description

831019

HDW NYL WSHR 0.4370.1950031

10

832765

RACK MOUNT BRACKET

11

831049

HDW SCREW #8-323/8 PP

12

831119

HDW KNUT #8-32

Installation Instructions to Rack Mount the VSG-410


CAUTION: Do not overtighten screws that secure the rack ears (ITEMS 2 AND 6) to the
equipment frame. Internal threads are aluminum and can strip.
NOTE: Follow all rack mount instructions while viewing the unit from the front.

1. Prepare the VSG-410 (ITEM l) for rack mount installation by removing the (4) screws
from both sides. Retain these screws for future re-conversion.
2. Install the left rack mount bracket (ITEM 2) and the rack mount extension bracket (ITEM
4) to the left side of the unit using six 4-403/8 PP black screws (ITEM 3).
3. Install the right rack mount bracket (ITEM 5) to the unit using eight 4-403/8 screws.
4. Install the second rack mount extension bracket (ITEM 4) to the rack mount extension
bracket (ITEM 5). Using two 6-323/8 PP screws (ITEM 6) and two 6-32 knuts
(ITEM 7).
5. Install the rack mount bracket (ITEM 10) to the rack at the desired location using two
#10-32 PP screws (ITEM 8) and two 0.4370.1950.031 nylon washers (ITEM 9).
6. Position the unit in the rack by sliding the back extensions (ITEM 4) into the mounting
brackets (ITEM 10). Secure the front of the assembly to the rack using two #10
screws (ITEM 8) for each side and two 0.4370.1950.031 nylon washers (ITEM 9) for
each side.
7. Secure the assembly to the mounting brackets using two #8-323/8 PP screws (ITEM 11)
for each side and two #8-32 hardware knuts (ITEM 12) for each side.

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Installation

Connecting the VSG-410


NOTE: Genlock settings, if altered, will alter the outputs.

The back panel connectors are illustrated in Figure 2-2, and the function of each connector is
described in Table 2-2.
Figure 2-2. VSG-410 Back Panel Connectors

Table 2-2. Description of VSG-410 Back Panel Connectors


Key

Label

Description

POWER

+24 VDC IN

ANALOG AUDIO OUT 1 & 2

6-pin weidmuller terminal block for analog audio output.

10 MHz OUT

Female BNC connector that provides a 10 MHz signal output (default),


6 Hz, or Word clock (jumper configurable).

COMP 1 OUT

Female BNC connector that provides an unbalanced composite video


signal or tri-level sync.

COMP 2 OUT

Female BNC connector that provides an unbalanced composite video


signal or tri-level sync.

AES 1 OUT

Female BNC connector that provides an unbalanced AES signal.

AES 2 OUT

Female BNC connector that provides an unbalanced AES signal.

SDI 1 OUT

Female BNC connector that provides a user-selected HD or SD signal.

SDI 2 OUT

Female BNC connector that provides a user-selected HD or SD signal.

10

SDI 3 OUT

Female BNC connector that provides a user-selected HD or SD signal.

11

SDI 4 OUT

Female BNC connector that provides a user-selected HD or SD signal.

12

ETHERNET

RJ45, female, 10/100 BaseT connection.*

13

DARS TIA-232-E LTC GPIO


IMPULSE DRV

26-pin, high-density, female, D-sub connector for LTC, Clock, GPI, and
TALLY input.*

14

10 MHz

Female BNC connector that accepts a 10 Hz reference signal from a


GPS-1600 receiver.

15

PPS

Female BNC connector that locks the pulse-per-second (PPS) input from a
GPS-1600 receiver.

16

GENLK LOOP

Female BNC connector that provides a passive loop-back of genlock input


signal when genlock looping is used.

17

GENLK IN

Female BNC connector that accepts NTSC, PAL-B, PAL-M, or Tri-Level


Sync reference signals for genlock.
VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook
Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Installation

Table 2-2. Description of VSG-410 Back Panel Connectors


Key

Label

Description

18

BB 1 OUT

Female BNC connector that outputs an NTSC, PAL-B, PAL-M, or Tri-Level


Sync color black burst video reference signal supporting ATR, VITC, and/or
10-field (all are applicable to the output video standard).

19

BB 2 OUT

Female BNC connector that outputs an NTSC, PAL-B, PAL-M, or Tri-Level


Sync color black burst video reference signal supporting ATR, VITC, and/or
10-field (all are applicable to the output video standard).

20

BB 3 OUT

Female BNC connector that outputs an NTSC, PAL-B, PAL-M, or Tri-Level


Sync color black burst video reference signal supporting ATR, VITC, and/or
10-field (all are applicable to the output video standard).

21

BB 4 OUT

Female BNC connector that outputs an NTSC, PAL-B, PAL-M, or Tri-Level


Sync color black burst video reference signal supporting ATR, VITC, and/or
10-field (all are applicable to the output video standard).

*See Appendix B, Pinouts, for the connections.

Breakout Module
The Breakout Module further divides the signals available on the DB-26 pin connector into nine
function-specific groups and connectors. The breakout board is illustrated in Figure 2-3.
Figure 2-3. VSG-Breakout Board

The breakout board can be fastened to the back panel of the VSG-410.

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Installation

DIP Switch SW8


DIP Switch (SW8) positions 1 and 2 on the breakout board configure termination on the LTC2
output, as described in Table 2-3.
Table 2-3. DIP Switch SW8 Positions 1 and 2
Switch Positions

Description

Position 1 ON,
Position 2 ON

LTC2 output Low-Z

Position 1 OFF,
Position 2 OFF

LTC2 output 600 terminated

DIP Switch (SW8) position 3 on the breakout board configures termination on the LTC input, as
described in Table 2-4.
Table 2-4. DIP Switch SW8 Position 3
Switch Positions

Description

Position 3 OFF

LTC input High-Z

Position 3 ON

LTC input 600 terminated

DIP Switch (SW8) positions 4 and 5 on the breakout board configure termination on the LTC1
output, as described in Table 2-5.
Table 2-5. DIP Switch SW8 Positions 4 and 5
Switch Positions

Description

Position 4 ON,
Position 5 ON

LTC1 output Low-Z

Position 4 OFF,
Position 5 OFF

LTC1 output 600 terminated

Hz Output
The Hz Output provides a 5V TTL square-wave signal at the programmed frequency. The Hz
OUT parameter sets the frequency of the square wave. For more information about setting the Hz
Out parameter, see Setting HZ Out Control on page 72 for more information.
Table 2-6. HZ Pin Layouts
Pin

Description

Hz OUT

Hz Output

GND

Ground

Time Code Outputs (TC1 OUT and TC2 OUT)


These connectors are used to output time code. The time code output impedance is settable via a
DIP switch. See DIP Switch SW8 on page 10 for more information on adjusting the
impedance.

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Installation

Some devices bridge high-impedance output. Therefore, a large number of clocks may be
connected parallel to this output. For the purposes of fault isolation, it is recommended that some
form of distribution be used when connecting more than 20 clocks to the system.
Table 2-7. TC OUT Pin Layouts
Pin

Description

TC Out Positive

TC Out Negative

GND

Ground

TRG/PPS
The TRIG/PPS signal provides one of two distinct functions (the actual function is determined
using the Trigger PPS Select controls: CLOCK\SET TIME\TRIG/PPS SELECT):

It can provide a trigger signal to manually set the time. The trigger occurs at the instant when
the TRIG/PPS signal connects to the ground signal.

It may provide a pulse-per-second (PPS) signal from the GPS-5300 or GPS-3901 receivers.
Table 2-8. TC OUT Pin Layouts
Pin

Description

TRG/PPS

TRG/PPS

GND

Ground

Impulse Out
This connector provides output to drive impulse clocks.
Table 2-9. IMPULSE OUT Pin Layouts
Pin

Description

EVE

Impulse Out Even

ODD

Impulse Out Odd

GND

Ground

Time Code Input (TC1 INPUT)


These connectors are used to input time code. The time code input impedance is settable via a
DIP switch. See DIP Switch SW8 on page 10 for more information on adjusting the
impedance.
Table 2-10. TC Input Pin Layouts
Pin

Description

TC In Positive

TC In Negative

GND

Ground

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


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Installation

26-Pin D-Sub Connector


The 26-pin male, D-Sub connector is used to connect to the back panel of the VSG-410. For
pinout information, see Appendix B, Pinouts.

TIA/EIA-574 (RS-232) 9-Pin Serial Connector


The 9-pin male connector is a standard serial interface connector compliant with TIA/EIA-574.
The signaling on this connector is compatible with RS-232 levels. The pin layout when using the
RS-232 port as one serial port is shown in Table 2-11. When using the dual serial option, the pin
layout is shown in Table 2-12.
Figure 2-4. RS-232 9-Pin, Male, D-Sub Connector

Table 2-11. Serial Port (Single)


Pin

Description

Received Signal Detector (RLSD)

Received Data (RD)

Transmitted Data (TD)

DTE Ready (DTR)

Ground

DCE Ready (DCR)

Request to Send (RTS)

Clear to Send (CTS)

Ring Indicator (RI)

Table 2-12. Serial Port (Dual Serial Option)


Pin

12

Description

Received Signal Detector (RLSD)

Received Data (RD)

Transmitted Data (TD)

DTE Ready (DTR)

Ground

Clear to Send (CTS)

Ring Indicator (RI)

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Installation

Table 2-12. Serial Port (Dual Serial Option)


Pin

Description

Secondary Port
Pin

Description

Ground

Received Data (RD)

Transmitted Data (TD)

DARS OUTPUT (BNC)


The BNC connector is used to provide an unbalanced DARS output from the VSG-410.

System Connections
The following sections describe how to connect the VSG-410 to other devices, such as GPS
receivers.

Connecting the VSG-410 to GPS-3902 or GPS-3903 receivers on page 13

Connecting the VSG-410 to a GPS-1600 receiver on page 15

Connecting the VSG-410 to a GPS-5300 receivers on page 16

Connecting the VSG-410 to a GPS-3902 or GPS-3903 Receiver


NOTE: The new GPS-3903 is not compatible with older GPS-3902 receivers. The older system used FType connectors. The new GPS-3903 uses TNC (Threaded BNC) type connectors. If any component of
the old system fails, then the whole GPS receiver/antenna system must be replaced.

This section describes how to mount a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 antenna, and how to connect the
VSG-410 to a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 receiver.
Mounting a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 Antenna
To mount a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 antenna outside:
1. Attach a short length of -in. standard plumbing pipe (not supplied) to an outside
surface or wall where it will not be disturbed, as shown in Figure 2-5.
NOTE: The thread on the end of the pipe must be -in. NPT to properly screw into the bottom of
the antenna. It is not necessary to mount the GPS-3902/GPS-3903 antenna in a sheltered or
protected area. However, it should be located where it is unobstructed by surrounding buildings.

2. Thread one end of the 75-ft./22.86 m RG-59 cable through the pipe.
3. Attach the female F-type connector on the RG-59 cable to the male connection under the
antenna dome.
4. Thread the remainder of the RG-59 cable through an exterior wall and into the building.
NOTE: To ensure the safety of personnel and the protection of equipment from lightning strikes,
it is recommended that the approved ground wire is attached to the RG-59 cable. Follow the
provisions of the local electrical code.

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


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Installation

Figure 2-5. Typical Outdoor Installation of a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 Antenna

Connecting a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 Antenna to the Receiver


After the antenna has been installed and connected, the other end of the RG-59 cable must be
connected to the 8 in./20 cm Type-F adapter cable. The other end of the adapter cable is then
plugged into the ANT port of the GPS-3902/GPS-3903 receiver.
Connecting the VSG-410 to a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 Receiver
To connect the VSG-410 system to a GPS-3902/GPS-3903 receiver, use the
CAB-CSD-GPS3901 cable.
Follow these steps to connect the VSG-410 to the GPS-3902/GPS-3903 receiver. Figure 2-6
illustrates the required connections.
1. Ensure the GPS-3902/GPS-3903 antenna is mounted outside the building and connected
to the receiver.
2. Connect the breakout module to the 26-pin connector on the back of the VSG-410.

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Installation

3. If the system did not come with a CAB-MTG-GTS-3901 cable or CAB-CSD-GPS-3902


cable, create a custom cable to connect the VSG-410 to the GPS-3902/GPS-3903
receiver. Attach the 9-pin male RS-232 connector to PORT 2 on the GPS-3902/GPS3903 receiver.
4. Attach the 9-pin female RS-232 of the cable to the 9-pin male RS-232 connector on the
breakout board, as shown in Figure 2-6.
5. Attach the cables Weidmuller 3-pin female connector to the 3-pin male connector
labeled TRIG/PSS on the breakout board. When making this connection, ensure that the
screw heads on the Weidmuller 3-pin female connector are facing up.
Figure 2-6. VSG-410 to GPS-3902/GPS-3903 Receiver Connections

For information on configuring the VSG-410 for GPS operation, see Applying Settings for GPS
Receiver Operation on page 64.

Connecting a VSG-410 to a GPS-1600 Receiver


Follow the steps to connect the VSG-410 to a GPS-1600 receiver:
1. Using a standard BNC cable, connect the 1 PPS OUTPUT BNC connector on the GPS1600 receiver to the PPS BNC connector on the VSG-410, as shown in Figure 2-7.
2. Using a standard BNC cable, connect the 10MHz OUTPUT BNC connector on the
GPS-1600 receiver to the 10 MHZ connector on the VSG-410.
3. Connect the breakout module to the 26-pin connector on the back of the VSG-410.
VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook
Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

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Installation

4. Attach the 9-pin male connector on the RS-232 serial cable to the 9-pin female RS-232
connector on the back of the GPS-1600 receiver.
5. Attach the 9-pin female connector on the RS-232 serial cable to the 9-pin male RS-232
connector on the VSG-410 breakout module.
Figure 2-7. VSG-410 to GPS-1600 Receiver Connections

For information on configuring the VSG-410 for GPS operation, see Applying Settings for GPS
Receiver Operation on page 64.

Connecting a VSG-410 to a GPS-5300 Receiver


To connect the VSG-410 to a GPS-5300 receiver:
1. Connect the breakout module to the 26-pin connector on the back of the VSG-410.
2. Attach the standard RS-232 cable 25-pin male connector to the DB-25 connector of the
GPS-5300 receiver. Then, attach the standard RS-232 25-pin female connector to a
DB-25 to DB-9 cable adapter, as shown in Figure 2-8.
3. Attach the standard RS-232 9-pin female cable connector to the DB-25 to DB-9 cable
adapter.
4. Attach the other end of the RS-232 9-pin female cable to the RS-232 connector on the
breakout board.

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Installation

5. Attach the cables Weidmuller 3-pin female connector to a connector labeled TRIG/PPL
on the breakout board.
6. When making connections ensure that the screw heads on the Weidmuller 3-pin female
connector are facing up.
7. Attach the 24-volt connector of the AC adapter to the casing of the 26-pin female
connector on the GPS cable from the GPS-5300.
8. Insert the AC adapter plug into a power outlet.
9. Allow the GPS-5300 15 minutes to lock onto an orbiting satellite signal. Actual time to
lock depends on weather conditions, solar conditions, antenna, orientation, and satellite
health.
Figure 2-8. VSG-410 to GPS-5300 Connections

For more information on configuring the VSG-410 for GPS operation, see Applying Settings
for GPS Receiver Operation on page 64.

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


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Installation

Connecting Other Devices to the VSG-410


This section describes how to connect the VSG-410 to other systems and devices other than GPS
receivers.

Connecting the VSG-410 to a PC


To connect the VSG-410 to a PC, one 9-pin female to 9-pin female RS-232 null modem cable is
required. Follow these steps:
1. Ensure the PC is turned off.
2. Attach the 26-pin male breakout board to the 26-pin connector on the back panel of the
VSG-410.
3. Connect the 9-pin female serial cable to the 9-pin male serial port on the back of the PC.
4. Connect the 9-pin female serial cable to the breakout board.
5. Turn on the PC.
For information on configuring the VSG-410 with a PC, see Configuring the VSG-410 to
Function with a PC though the RS-232 Port on page 90.

Connecting the VSG-410 to a TCC-1302 Device


To connect the VSG-410 system to a TCC-1302 device:
1. Ensure the frame in which the TCC-1302 unit is installed is turned off.
2. Connect the 25-pin male cable connector of CAB-CSD-TCC-1302 cable connector to the
25-pin female connector on the TCC-1302 unit.
3. Connect the 26-pin breakout board to the back of the VSG-410. Connect the 9-pin female
CAB-CSD-TCC-1302 cable to the RS-232 connector on the breakout board.
4. Power up the frame in which the TCC-1302 device is installed.
For information on configuring the VSG-410 for TCC operation, see Input Time Code on page
63 and Applying Output Time Code Settings on page 82.

Connecting Two VSG-410s Together


To connect two VSG-410s together, one 9-pin female to 9-pin female RS-232 null modem cable
is required. Follow these steps:
1. Ensure that both devices are turned off.
2. Connect the 26-pin male breakout board connectors to the backs of the VSG-410s.
3. Connect one 9-pin female connector on the null modem cable to the RS-232 male
connector on the breakout board.
4. Connector the other 9-pin female connector on the null modem cable to the RS-232 male
connector on the other breakout board.
5. Activate both devices.

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Installation

Connecting a VSG-410 to the Ethernet


The Ethernet connection is required for:

Remote control applications such as navigator are to be used

NTP client

Changing configuration files

Connecting the VSG-410 System to a Network


To configure the VSG-410 system for network support, connect the device directly to an active
network. Use the Ethernet connection to connect the system to a network. Obtain an Ethernet
network static (or dynamic) IP address, a Subnet mask address, and a Gateway address for the
VSG-410. Enter these values into the NTP/IP ADDRESS SUBNET ADDR and GATEWAY. If
a dynamic IP address is preferred, set the NTP/DHCP to ON. A static IP address is a fixed
address that is assigned by the network administrator. A dynamic IP address is an address that is
automatically assigned to a device each time the device is connected to the network.
Figure 2-9 illustrates an example of the VSG-410 network connections that are required for NTP
support.
Figure 2-9. VSG-410 Network Connections Example

Connecting the VSG-410 to a Network

To connect the VSG-410 to a network:


1. Connect one end of a straight-through network cable to the Ethernet connection on the
back of the VSG-410. Connect the other end of the cable to a network connection or
network hub.

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Installation

2. Ensure that there is an active Ethernet connection by checking to see that the LINK/RX
LED is blinking.
Connect the VSG-410 to a Local PC

If the VSG-410 is not connected to a network, connect it to a local PC using an RJ-45 Ethernet
cross-over cable. When connecting the VSG-410 to a local PC, NTP configuration files can be
uploaded from the PC to the device; however, information cannot be received from an NTP
server. The device must be on an active network to operate as an NTP client.
To connect the device to a local PC:
1. Connect one end of a RJ-45 Ethernet cross-over cable to the Ethernet connection on the
device. Connect the other end of the cable to a local PC.
2. Ensure that there is an active Ethernet connection by checking to see that the LINK/RX
LED is blinking.

Connecting the Power Supply


The back panel contains an input connector for a DC power supply. Only certified class 2, 3A,
24V DC power supplies are to be used with the VSG-410. A power supply is shipped with the
device. Connect the power supply to the +24 VDC IN connector.

Battery Installation and Disposal


The following sections are about installation and disposal of the 3V Lithium non-rechargeable
coin cell battery.

Installing Batteries
WARNING: These instructions are for use by qualified personnel only. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, do not perform this installation or any servicing unless you are qualified to do so.
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Replace only with the same or equivalent type.

Each VSG-410 is shipped from the factory with one 3V Lithium non-rechargeable CR2032
battery. When power is disconnected from the device and the time is not kept inside the device,
then the battery needs to be changed. Follow these steps to install the new battery:
1. Unplug the power from the VSG-410.
2. Remove the cover of the VSG-410.
3. Pull the old battery from its compartment located at the front boards front edge.
4. Insert the new battery with the positive (+) side touching the metal clip.
5. Attach the cover of the VSG-410.
6. Reapply the power to the device.

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Disposing of Batteries
WARNING: Never dispose of battery in fire, as it could explode. Remove the worn-out
battery from equipment immediately and dispose of promptly. Do not attempt to recharge the
battery. Replace batteries with the same or equivalent type only. See Installing Batteries on
page 20 for more information.

A depleted battery may be safely disposed of in normal waste. Contact the local government for
disposal or recycling practices in your area.

Setting Jumpers
Upon opening the lid to the VSG-410, seven jumpers can be seen on the top board J1 through J7.
J4 through J7 are used to select the Analog audio Output Impedance of 66 or 600. Set the
jumper on J4 (left +), J5 (left -), J6 (right +), and J7 (right -) to the left for 600 impedance or to
the right for 66 impedance, as shown in Table 2-13.
Table 2-13. Jumper Positions
Jumper Name

Function

Jumper Settings

J1

Output Reference Signal. This


jumper is associated with the
10 MHz OUT connector.

J2

Output Reference Signal.

J3

N/A

J4 (left +)
J5 (left -)
J6 (right +)
J7 (right -)

Analog Audio Output Impedance

N/A

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Section 3 Operation
Front Panel Controls and Indicators
The front panel controls and indicators are illustrated in Figure 3-1, and each control and
indicator function is described in Table 3-1.
Figure 3-1. VSG-410 Front Panel Controls and Indicators

Table 3-1. Description of Front Panel Controls and Indicators


Key

Item

Description

No Label (LCD
Display)

162 character display that indicates the operation menu and the signal
pattern selection.

CONTROL KNOB

CW/CCW rotation that adjusts the parametric controls and navigation


within a single level of hierarchy. Pushing the control knob produces the
same effect as pushing the ENTER button.

ENTER

Accesses parameter options and moves deeper into the menu hierarchy.
When selecting a character string, press ENTER to select the character
and move to the next character location.

EXIT

Move backwards through the menu hierarchy.

GENLOCK

Genlock LED that illuminates when the system is changed over to the
external synchronization mode.

ALARM

Alarm LED that is used to indicate an alarm occurrence that is generated


by the Input Time Lock alarm, Input Frequency Lock alarm, Short Circuit
alarm, Video Present alarm, Video Burst alarm, High Temperature
alarm, Fan Stopped alarm.

PRESET 1

Press and release the button to access the stored preset for Preset
1. It may take up to one minute to load a preset.
Press and hold the button to store the current settings into the
Preset 1.
When the Preset 1 LED is ON, it indicates that the Preset
parameters are in use. If any parameter is changed, the LED turns
OFF.

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Operation

Table 3-1. Description of Front Panel Controls and Indicators


Key
8

Item

Description

PRESET 2

PRESET 3

10

PRESET 4

Press and release the button to access the stored preset for Preset
2. It may take up to one minute to load a preset.
Press and hold the button to store the current settings into the
Preset 2.
When the Preset 2 LED is ON, it indicates that the Preset
parameters are in use. If any parameter is changed, the LED turns
OFF.
Press and release the button to access the stored preset for Preset
3. It may take up to one minute to load a preset.
Press and hold the button to store the current settings into the
Preset 3.
When the Preset 3 LED is ON, it indicates that the Preset
parameters are in use. If any parameter is changed, the LED turns
OFF.
Press and release the button to access the stored preset for Preset
4. It may take up to one minute to load a preset.
Press and hold the button to store the current settings into the
Preset 4.
When the Preset 4 LED is ON, it indicates that the Preset
parameters are in use. If any parameter is changed, the LED turns
OFF.

Time Generator Overview


The VSG-410 receives time information from various time reference sources, including Global
Positioning Systems (GPS) and Network Time Protocol (NTP) servers. The internal engine
processes the incoming time reference, makes appropriate conversions to different time bases,
and maintains a consistent time base, which is used to drive the time outputs. When no input
sources are used, the VSG-410 can be configured to use an internal timing mechanism to drive
some of the outputs.
The VSG-410 can be configured to make periodic call outs to time reference sources. When the
device is connected and locked to a time input, it calculates the time difference between the
reference source and its internal time, and determines whether or not an update to the internal
time is necessary. Using this information, the VSG-410 updates the output time, and then sends
this information to all applicable outputs.
Figure 3-2 illustrates a simplified flow of the inputs, processes, and output of time date, and time
base information.

24

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Operation

Figure 3-2. VSG-410 Time Generator Inputs and Outputs Flow Diagram

VSG-410 Time Inputs


The VSG-410 accepts two independent types of inputs: one that provides time and date
information and another that provides time base information.
The device can obtain time and date information through one of the following input sources:

FreeRun (internally generated time)

LTC

GPS

Serial (using TCC or CSD mode)

NTP

The device can obtain time base information through one of the following time base input
sources:

10M

Genlock

When the devices time reference source and time base inputs are used, the VSG-410 provides
the following time information combinations:

GPS + 10M input = GPS_10M

LTC + Genlock input = LTC_Video

FreeRun + 10M input = 10M

FreeRun + Genlock input = Video

When the VSG-410 is configured, the combination of time, date, and time base inputs can be
specified for use.
Additionally, each reference source input can be configured with an input offset parameter. This
offset compensates for any time zone differences between the current input and current local
time.
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Operation

Using Software Phase Loop Lock


When no time base is specified, an internal software phase loop lock (PLL) can be used to lock
the VSG-410 to the incoming timing information. Only the LTC, Serial input (TCC mode), GPS1600, and NTP are passed through the internal PLL.
The software PLL updates the devices time with the input time source time when one of the
following events occur:

The difference between the time/time base relationship is greater than 500 ms.

The internal PLL locks to the incoming time.

Serial (CSD mode) input sources do not pass through the software PLL. Instead, when the device
uses these two input sources, time is updated when the VSG-410 calls out to an input time
reference source. If the input changes from a PPL-modified source to one that is not
PLL-modified, the VSG-410 automatically updates to the new input time.
Any change in the VSG-410 time causes a disruption in the output time. Therefore, consider the
following recommendations:

For inputs going through the software PLL, ensure that the VSG-410 has achieved PLL lock
on the input before using the outputs.

For inputs that call out for time, ensure that the call out time and frequency is set so that an
output time disturbance is minimal.

Input Source Switching


If the time, date, or time base reference source is missing from an input source, the VSG-410
switches to the next lower priority input source. For example, if a backup input source is set
using the Backup Source 1 parameters, the device switches to that backup source if the primary
source is interrupted. When the time/date reference and the time base reference is recovered from
a higher priority input source, the VSG-410 switches back to the higher priority input source. For
information on setting primary and back input sources, see Setting Input Sources on page 60.

Internal Time Keeping


In addition to receiving timing information from inputs and maintaining time accuracy for
outputs, the devices internal time keeping engine calculates and maintains several types of time,
date, and time base information. The VSG-410 maintains International Atomic Time (TAI) as
the principal time base. Since input time references can have different time bases, including local
time and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), the VSG-410 must convert the incoming time
information into TAI time. Using a combination of parameters such as leap second information,
DST rules, and offset values, the VSG-410 calculates other time bases including UTC and local
time.
In ideal situations, the TAI time base should be constant over long periods of time to prevent any
discontinuity or break in the LTC and black burst outputs. However, when the device uses inputs
that call out for time, date, and time base information, a TAI time base change is inevitable.
Therefore, the call out time should be carefully selected to ensure the disruption in the outputs
will have minimal impact.
The VSG-410 can output TAI, UTC, and local time. Because it needs to convert the incoming
time into TAI time, a change in the leap seconds, time zone, or DST setting can cause the TAI
26

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Operation

time base to break. To maintain a constant TAI time base, the VSG-410 provides auto-detection
of leap seconds and DST changes. The auto-detection mechanism allows the VSG-410 to ensure
that leap second and DST changes will not necessarily cause the TAI time base to change.
In the event of time zone changes, it is assumed that all incoming timing information and all
outgoing time information are based on the same time zone information. When the input time
information is from another time zone, an input offset control parameter is provided to
compensate. Time zone changes will cause the TAI time base to shift. For best results, it is
recommended that all time zone settings be set and then remain untouched during the lifetime of
the VSG-410.

VSG-410 Time Outputs


Once the TAI time base has been established, the VSG-410 can convert this time information to
a corresponding UTC or local time and output it to various devices. These outputs include the
following:

Two Linear Time Code (LTC) outputs

Four black burst video outputs for VSG-410 that can be configured to output Vertical
Interval Time Code (VITC).

One Digital Audio Reference Signal (DARS) output

One impulse drive output

Using the parameter options, configure the VSG-410 outputs for ATR output features, phasing
offsets, various time code and time code user-bit formats, and auxiliary output offsets.
When the VSG-410 uses new timing information to make minute adjustments to its own internal
timing engine, the master frequency of the VSG-410 is adjusted to compensate for variations
from the reference source. The VSG-410 manages any variation between the internal time base
and continuous output time base so as to limit disruptions in continuous LTC outputs or black
burst video output signals.

VSG-410 Supported Time Bases


Since the VSG-410 inputs, processes, and outputs different types of time bases, it is important to
understand the difference between each time base.
TAI Time
Temps Atomique International or International Atomic Time (TAI) is a non-leap second
compensated continuous time. It is the main time base for the VSG-410 and the time base to
which all the outputs are referenced, including black burst outputs and color frame
synchronization for the LTC outputs.
UTC Time
Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), formerly known as Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), is the
sum of TAI time minus an integer number of leap seconds. As of January 1, 1999 the current
leap second count is +32 seconds, meaning that UTC time is trailing TAI time by 32 seconds.

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Operation

The VSG-410 supports the UTC time from GPS, NTP, and Linear Time Code (LTC) sources.
When the UTC time source is from an LTC input, the time code format must be SMPTE-309M
(with MJD mode), which provides a user bit to indicate whether or not the DST is on.
Table 3-2 describes the relationship between UTC and TAI time.
Table 3-2. Relationship Between UTC and TAI Time
UTC Time

Leap Second Offset

TAI Time

January 1, 2000 00:00:00

32

January 1, 2000 00:00:32

July 1, 1990 00:00:00

25

July 1, 1990 00:00:25

GPS Time
GPS receivers maintain either GPS or UTC time. As of January 1, 1999, GPS time is ahead of
UTC time by 13 seconds. Therefore, GPS and TAI are related by an integer number of seconds
where TAI is ahead of GPS by 19 seconds.
Local Time
Local time is the sum of UTC time plus (or minus) time zone offsets and DST. Local time is the
time base seen in the front panel display when viewing the Time Display and Date parameters.
Table 3-3 describes the relationship between local time and TAI time.
Table 3-3. Relationship Between Local and TAI Time
Local Time

Daylight
Savings Time

Time Zone

Leap Second Offset

TAI Time

January 1,
2000
00:00:00

No

EST (UTC 5
hours)

32

January 1, 2000 05:00:32

July 1, 1990
00:00:00

Yes

EST (UTC 5
hours)

25

July 1, 1990 04:00:25

January 1,
2000
00:00:00

No

PST (UTC 8
hours)

32

January 1, 2000 08:00:32

July 1, 1990
00:00:00

Yes

PST (UTC 8
hours)

25

July 1, 1990 07:00:25

How the VSG-410 Calculates Time


The VSG-410 uses a combination of input time sources, different time bases, and user-defined
parameter offsets to calculate the various time information that it maintains and outputs. For
example, local time can be calculated from an input time source, such as TAI time, by applying
offset values that account for time zone differences, leap second changes, and daylight saving
time (DST). Further, calculations are required to convert the local time to an appropriate LTC
output.
This section describes the various offsets that can be used in time base calculations and explains
how the VSG-410 calculates different time bases using these offset values and input time
sources.

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Using the VSG-410 Offset Parameters


Depending on the input time source and the type of time base you want to output, there are a
number of user-defined offsets that you can apply as parameters to make time base calculations.
Offsets are set using a string value that is comprised of a user-defined numeric value between
-9999 and +9999, and a time unit. Table 3-4 lists the different time units.
Table 3-4. Offset Parameter Time Unit Descriptions
Time Unit

Description

Seconds

Minutes

Half Hours

Hours

Days

Weeks

Months

Years

Table 3-5. VSG-410 Offset Parameters


Offset Name

Parameter Name

Description

Local Offset

LocOfst

This offset updates local time or changes the way local


time is calculated from the TAI time. Local time updates
can be seen in the time/date display and on all outputs.

Millisecond Offset

MsOfst

This offset applies a millisecond to the devices TAI time.


The offset can be used to update local time or to change
the way local time is calculated from the TAI time. Local
time updates can be seen in the time/date display and
on all outputs.

Input Offsets

Tc Offset

GPS Offset

RadOfst

ModOfst

Send Offset

ATR Offset

Each input source has an input offset parameter that can


be applied to the input time and date information. The
input offset is commonly used to correct the time zone
difference between the input source and the VSG-410
system.

Output Time Code


Auxiliary Offset

OtcAux

Use this offset to apply an auxiliary offset value to a


downstream device. This offset is applied to the time and
date information indicated by the LTC.

Output Time Code Offset

OtcOSet

Use this offset to apply an offset value to a time code


output.

ATR (Absolute Time


Reference) Offsets

ATROfst

ATR offset in output


ATR menu

Use these offsets to apply a programmable offset to


black burst input or output that is transporting ATR
information.

Calculating Input TAI Time


Since the VSG-410 uses TAI time as the primary time base, Input TAI time is based directly on
the conversion of the primary input reference source time. Depending on whether the incoming
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Operation

time is local time or UTC time, the incoming TAI time is calculated using one of the following
formulas:

Input TAI Time = Input Local Time + Input Offset + Auxiliary Offset Time Zone DST +
Leap Seconds

Input TAI Time Input UTC Time + Input Offset + Auxiliary Offset + Leap Seconds

Calculating Local Time


Local time is calculated from Input TAI time and any user-definable offsets required to correct
the time due to time zone differences. For example, if the input source exists in a different time
zone than the VSG-410, an input offset is required to account for the time zone difference. Local
time is seen in the LCD display when the Time Display or Date parameters are set. Local Time is
calculated using the following formula:
Local Time = Input TAI Time Leap Seconds + Time Zone + DST
When receiving time from an input source that provides local time and a time zone has been set
on the VSG-410, then the incoming time and the time on the VSG-410 will be the same.
However, if the input source provides UTC time, then the incoming time and the time on the
VSG-410 will differ by the time zone difference.
Calculating Output LTC Time
Output LTC time is calculated using Local Time and any programmable output offsets that are
defined.
Output LTC time is calculated using the following formula:
Output LTC Time = Local Time + Programmable output offset

VSG-410 Test Signals


Test Signals are selectable for an output test signal for the composite outputs and for each SDI
video output. The available test signals depend on the selected output video standard. The
VSG-410 also has a test tone generator that can be used to test analog, AES, and embedded
audio.

Video Test Signals


Table 3-6 lists the available VSG-410 test signals for each video standard.
Table 3-6. Video Test Signals
Output Video Standard

30

Test Signal Name

Test Signal
Parameter
Name

NTSC

PAL-B

525

Black

Black

Yes

Yes

White

White

Yes

Yes

Gray

Gray

Yes

Yes

Digital Gray

DigGray

Superblack

SuperBlack

625

1080i
1080sF
1080p

720P

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

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Table 3-6. Video Test Signals


Output Video Standard

Test Signal Name

Test Signal
Parameter
Name

NTSC

SMPTE bars

SempteBars

Yes

EIA bars

EiaBars

Yes

100% color bars

CBar100

Yes

75% color bars

CBar75

Yes

Red bars

BarsRed

Yes

EBU bars

EbuBars

Yes

EBU bars red

EbuBarRed

Yes

100% color bars


with level
reference

CBar100Lv1

Yes

75% color bars


with level
reference

CBar75Lv1

Yes

100% color bars


at 4:3 aspect ratio

CBar100-43

EBU bars white

EbuBarsWht

Bars reverse

Reverse

Bowtie 500 KHz


with markers

PAL-B

625

1080i
1080sF
1080p

720P

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

525
Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes
Yes

Yes

Yes

Bowtie500

Yes

Yes

Bowtie 25 KHz
with markers

Bowtie25

Yes

Yes

Bowtie

Bowtie

Convergence

Converge

Luma ramp

LumaRamp
(Ramp)

Yes

Yes

Modulated ramp

ModRamp

Yes

Yes

Modulated ramp
with low APL

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

ModRampLow

Yes

Yes

Modulated ramp
with high APL

ModRampHgh

Yes

Yes

Modulated ramp
with bounce

ModRampBoun

Yes

Yes

Mono ramp

MonoRmap

Yes

Yes

Light blue ramp

LightBlueRamp

Yes

Yes

Limit ramp

LimitRamp

Yes

Yes

Digital ramp

DigRamp

Valid ramp

ValidRamp

Yes

Ubm ramp

UbmRamp

Yes

Valid ramp

ValidRamp

Yes

Shallow ramp

ShallowRamp

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

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Operation

Table 3-6. Video Test Signals


Output Video Standard

32

Test Signal Name

Test Signal
Parameter
Name

Ramp Y (only)

RampY

Yes

Yes

Ramp Y, positive
Cb, and negative
Cr

RampYCrNeg

Yes

Yes

Luma 5-step

Luma5Step

Yes

Yes

Luma 10-step

Luma10Step

Yes

Yes

Modulated 5-step

Mod5Step

Yes

Yes

Five stair step

5StairStep

10 step Y only

10StepY

Yes

Yes

5 step Y only

5StepY

Yes

Yes

Multiburst 60
IRE

MultiBurst60

Multiburst
5.0 MHz

Multi5Mhz

Yes

Multiburst
5.8 MHz

Mult5-8Mhz

Yes

Multiburst

MultiBurst

Multiburst Y only

MBurstY

Yes

Yes

Multiburst Y,
positive Cr,
negative Cr

MBurstYCrCb

Yes

Yes

Luma sweep 5.5


MHz

LumaSwp55

Line sweep 100%


(5.75 MHz)

LineSweep

Horizontal sweep
Y 30 MHz only

HrzSwpY30

Yes

Yes

Horizontal sweep
Y30 MHz,
C 15 MHz

HrzSwpYC15

Yes

Yes

Multipulse

MultiPulse

Multipulse
(component)

MultiComp

Pulse and bar 1T

PulsBar1T

Pulse and bar 2 T

PulsBar2T

Pulse bar

nTPulsBar

Pulse and bar 2 T


30

PulsBa2t30

Yes

Yes

Modulated pulse
and bar

ModPulsBar

Yes

Yes

Co-sitting pulse
(component)

CoSitPuls

Yes

Yes

NTSC

PAL-B

525

Yes

625

1080i
1080sF
1080p

720P

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes
Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes
Yes

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Operation

Table 3-6. Video Test Signals


Output Video Standard

Test Signal Name

Test Signal
Parameter
Name

NTSC

NTC7 composite

NTC7Cmpst

Yes

NTC7 combination

NTC7Comb

Yes

VIRS

VIRS

Yes

Yes

Matrix-1

Matrix1

Yes

Yes

Matrix-2

Matrix2

Yes

FF bounce

FFBounce

Yes

Yes

90% bounce

90Bounce

Yes

Yes

Cross hatch

CrossHatch

Yes

Yes

SIN (X) X

SinX

Yes

Yes

Red field

RedField

Yes

Red field 75%

RedField75

Yes

Red field 100%

RedField100

Yes

Pluge

Pluge

Blanking markers

BlankMark

Field square wave

FldSqWave

Field Id

Yes

PAL-B

525

Yes

625

Yes

1080i
1080sF
1080p

720P

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

FldId

Yes

Yes

30 Hz

30Hz

Yes

Yes

SDI field check

SdiCheck

Yes

Yes

Static zone plate

ZonePlate

Yes

Yes

Yes

Source ID Slide

SrcIDSlide

Yes

Vits17

Vits17

Yes

Vits18

Vits18

Yes

Vits19

Vits19

Yes

Vits20

Vits20

Yes

Vits330

Vits330

Yes

Vits331

Vits331

Yes

Dot

Dot

Yes

Yes

Pathological
(EQ+PLL)

PthEQPllEq

Yes

Yes

Pathological (EQ)

PthEqPll

Yes

Yes

Pathological (PLL)

PthEq

Yes

Yes

PthPll

PthPll

Yes

Yes

4:3 aspect ratio in


16:9 screen

43in169

Yes

Yes

RP-219 color bars


(75% white in
pattern 2)

RP219Wht75

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

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Table 3-6. Video Test Signals


Output Video Standard

Test Signal Name

Test Signal
Parameter
Name

NTSC

PAL-B

525

625

1080i
1080sF
1080p

720P

RP-219 color bars


(100% white in
pattern 2)

RP219Wht

Yes

Yes

RP-219 color bars


(+I signal in
pattern 2)

RP219PosI

Yes

Yes

RP-219 color bars


(-I signal in pattern
2)

RP219NegI

Yes

Yes

Visible field (white


field 1, black field
2)

WFld1BFld2

Yes

Yes

Graticule Circle
16x4

GrtCir16x4

Yes

Yes

Graticule Circle
4x3

GrtCir4x3

Yes

Yes

White at 15%
Luma

White15

Yes

Yes

White at 85%
Luma

White85

Yes

Yes

Audio Test Signals


Test tone generator control parameters are used to adjust the frequency and gain of the audio test
tone signals. The TSG-3901 outputs two analog stereo audio (four mono channels) and AES
stereo audio channels (four mono channels), as well as eight embedded audio stereo pairs (16
mono channels) for each SDI output channel.
The VSG-410 provides a V2A Timing Tool that can be used to determine video/audio delay for
X-75 video/audio inputs.

Navigating the MENU


NOTE: There are two boards inside the VSG-410. One board is the Master Time Generator (MTG) and
the other is the Test Signal Generator (TSG). Menu items may appear similar with only the MTG and TSG
indication to separate the area of functionality.
NOTE: Genlock settings, if altered, will alter the outputs.

Pressing the ENTER button can access the menu selection to check and change the VSG-410
settings. Use the following knob and buttons to navigate and select values in the Setup Menu:

DIRECTION Knob

Turn the knob to scroll up and down through the menu and submenu selections

Press the knob to ascend from the main menu and submenu selections.

ENTER button

34

Press to ascend from the main menu to the sub menu items
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Operation

When brackets are around the parameter, press to save the parameter selection.

When brackets are around the parameter, press to toggle between the default value
and the currently selected value.

EXIT button

Press to descend from the submenu to the main menu.

When brackets are around the parameter, before pressing ENTER press EXIT to exit
without changing the parameter.

The Settings menu is described in Table 3-7. Each menu item is described after Table 3-7.
NOTE: (RO) = Read Only
Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection
Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

Input Status

MTG Input Source


(RO)

Free Run

Ltc
Gps
10m
Ltc10m
Gps10m
-

Serial10m

Ntp10m
Serial
Video
LtcVideo
GpsVideo
SerVideo
NtpVideo
Ntp
Input Time Lock
(RO)

MTG Freq Lock (RO)

OFF

ON
None

Data No Lock
Data Lock
PPS
TenMhz
InputVideo
TenMhzpps
MTG In Time Err
(RO)

String s

TSG Input Source


(RO)

Free Run

Ltc

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Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

Video
LtcVideo
VITC
TSG Freq Lock (RO)

None

DataNoLock
DataLock
InputVideo
Not Applicable

Reference Inputs

TSG In Time Err


(RO)

String (in ms)

Genlock

Video Lock Stat


(RO)

Unlocked

MonoHsync
ColorBurst

Vid Stand Detect


(RO)

NoSignal

NTSC
PAL-B

PAL-M
1080i_60
1080i_50
1080psf24
1080psf23
1080p-30
1080p-2997
1080p-25
1080p-24
1080p-2398
720p-60
720p-5994
720p-50
Vid Burst Detect
(RO)

No

Vid Embed Detect


(RO)

NoEmbedded

Yes

VITC
10Field
ATR
VITC_10f
VITC_ATR

36

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NoEmbedded

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

ATR_10f
VITC10fATR
Video Lock

Video Lock Mode

Auto

Auto

MonoHsync
ColorBurst
Embedded Select

None

None

VITC
ATR

Current Input

VITC Line

10 To 20

14

MTG Input Source

FreeRun

FreeRun

LTC
GPS
Serial
NTP
10M

Free Run

LTC10M
GPS10M
Serial10M
NTP10M
Backup Source 1

FreeRun

Free Run

LTCV
GPS
Serial
NTP
10M
LTC10M
GPS10M
Serial10M
NTP10M
Video
LTCVideo
GPSVideo
SerVideo
NTPVideo
Backup Source 2

FreeRun

Free Run

LTCV
GPS
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Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

Serial
NTP
10M
LTC10M
GPS10M
Serial10M
NTP10M
Video
LTCVideo
GPSVideo
SerVideo
NTPVideo
TSG Input Source

Auto

Auto

VITC
LTCVideo

Auto

Video
FreeRun
ATR Input

ATR Offset

String

+00000S

ATR Offset En

Off

Off

On
ATR Read TZ

Off

Off

On
GPS Input

Decode Status (RO)

OK

NoGPSTime
PDOP_2High
NoUseSate
Only1Sat
Only2Sat
Only3Sat
SatUnstble
TrainRjFix
Discipline Status
(RO)

NoSignalPresent
Present
GPSMalFunc
Normal
PowerUp
AutoHoldOv

38

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

ManHoldOv
Recovery
FastRecov
DiscDisabled
GPS Receive Time
(RO)

GPS

GPS Self Survey


(RO)

0 to 100%

GPS Source

GPS5300

GPS3903

UTC

GPS1600
GPS3901
GPS3902
GPS3903
GPS Config Mode

Active

Passive

Passive
GPS SS Select

OFF

OFF

ON
GPS One Satellite

OFF

OFF

ON
GPS Offset

String

00000s

GPS Offset Enable

OFF

OFF

ON
GPS Call Time

00:00:00 to 23:59:59

00:00:00

GPS Call Date

0000-01-01 to
9999-12-31

2058-01-01

GPS Call Freq

String

000001D

GPS Call Enable

OFF

OFF

ON
GPS Call Now

OFF

OFF

ON
Input Time Code

TC Format Detect
(RO)

NoSignal

FpsNTNDrop
FpsNTDrop
Fps25
Fps24Ndrop
Fps30Ndrop
NotAvailable

TC User Bits (RO)

SMPTE12M

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

39

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

Leitch12M
SMPTE309M
MJD309M
TC Input Select

LTC

LTC

VITC
TC Offset

String

00000S

TC Offset Enable

OFF

OFF

ON
TC Read Date

OFF

OFF

ON
TC Read Aux Off

OFF

OFF

ON
TC Read TZ

OFF

OFF

ON
TC DST On

OFF

OFF

ON
TC Auto DST

OFF

OFF

ON
TC Auto LS

OFF

OFF

ON
Serial Input

Serial Status (RO)

NoCall

Normal
No Signal
Call Failed
Source Call Failed
Source Time Inv
Source Diagnostic
Failed
Dual Serial Port
Enable

OFF

OFF

BackSecondary
PriSecondary

Serial Source

CSD
TCC300
TCC600
TCC1200
TCC2400
TCC4800

40

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

CSD

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

TCC9600
Serial Offset

String

00000S

Serial Offset Enable

OFF

OFF

ON
Serial Call Time

00:00:00 to 23:59:59

00:00:00

Serial Call Date

0000-01-01 to
9999-12-31

2058-01-01

Serial Call Freq

String

00001D

Serial Call En

OFF

OFF

ON
Serial Call Now

OFF

OFF

ON
Serial DST On

OFF

OFF

ON
Serial Auto DST

OFF

OFF

ON
Serial Auto LS

OFF

OFF

ON
Serial HMS DST

OFF

OFF

ON
Serial HMS LS

OFF

OFF

ON
Outputs

Output Synch

DARS Enable

OFF

DARSNTSC

DARSNTSC
DARSPAL
Hz Out

Disable

Hz1

Hz1
Hz23p98
Hz24
Hz25
Hz29p97
Hz30
Hz50
Hz59p94
Hz60
HZ0p999
HZ5p999

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

41

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

Hz6
Hz Phase

-999 to 999

Impulse Face Time

00:00:00 to 23:59:59

00:00:00

Impulse Start

OFF

OFF

ON
Impulse Short

NO

YES
Black Output

Out Video Select

BB1

BB1

BB2
BB3

BB1

BB4
Out Video Enable

OFF

ON

ON
Video Standard

NTSC

NTSC

PAL-B
PAL-M
1080i-60
1080i-5994
1080i-50
1080psf24
1080psf2398
1080p-30
1080p-2997
1080p-25
1080p-24
1080p-2398
720p-60
720p-5994
720p-50
SlowPAL23
SlowPAL24
Video Setup

Off

Off

On

42

Video Fine Phase

0.000 to 36.892 ns

0.000 ns

Horizontal Phase

0.000 to 63.519 s

0.000 s

Vertical Phase

0 to 524 line

0 lines

Frame Phase

0 to 29 frames

0 frames

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

Composite Output

Output Enable

Off

On

On
Output Standard

NTSC

NTSC

PAL-B
1080i-60
1080i-5994
1080i-50
1080psf24
1080psf2398

NTSC

1080p-30
1080p-2997
1080p-25
1080p-24
1080p-2398
720p-60
720p-5994
720p-50
Output Setup

OFF

ON

ON
Burst Enable

OFF

ON

ON
Chroma Enable

OFF

ON

ON
10 field Enable

OFF

ON

ON
Horizontal Phase

0.00 to 63.519 s

0.00 s

Vertical Phase

0 to 524 line

0 line

Frame Phase

0 to 29 frames

0 frame

Test Signal

See Table 3-6 on


page 30 for a
complete list of test
signals.

Bars100

Super Black

-10.0 to 7.4 IRE

0.0 IRE

Safe Area

Off

Off

ActionOn
TitleOn
ActionTitleOn
SDI Output

1 and 2 Change

SD-SD

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

SD-SD

43

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

SD-HD
HD-SD
HD-HD
3 and 4 Change

SD-SD

HD-HD

SD-HD
HD-SD
HD-HD
SDI Select

SDI1

SDI4

SDI2
SDI3
SDI4
SDI Enable

Off

On

On
Standard Set

NTSC

1080i5994

PAL
1080i60
1080i5994
1080i50
1080psf24
1080psf2398
1080p30
1080p2997
1080p25
1080p24
1080p2398
720p60
720p5994
720p50
Output Mode

TestPattern
525Img1
525Img2
625Img1
625Img2
1080Img1
1080Img2
720Img1
720Img2

44

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

TestPattern

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

Horizontal Phase
(Limits change
based on format
selected)

0.00 to 63.519 s

0.00 s

Vertical Phase
(Limits change
based on format
selected)

0 to 524 Lines

0 Lines

Frame Phase
(Limits change
based on format
selected)

0 to 29 Frames

0 Frames

Test Signal

See Table 3-6 on


page 30

Cbar100

OFF

OFF

(See Table 3-6 on


page 30 for a
complete list of test
signals.)
Safe Area

ActionOn
TitleOn
ActionTitleOn
Image

525 Image 1 Name


(RO)

String

525 Image 2 Name


(RO)

String

625 Image 1 Name


(RO)

String

625 Image 2 Name


(RO)

String

1080 Image 1 Name


(RO)

String

1080 Image 2 Name


(RO)

String

720 Image 1 Name


(RO)

String

720 Image 2 Name


(RO)

String

Image Full Error


(RO)

OFF

Error Clear

OFF

ON
OFF

ON

Tone Generator

Image Delete

None, 525 Image 1


to 720 Image 2

None

Tone 1 Frequency

10 to 20000

1000

Tone 2 Frequency

10 to 20000

1000

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

45

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Embedded Audio

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

Tone 3 Frequency

10 to 20000

1000

Tone 4 Frequency

10 to 20000

1000

Tone 5 Frequency

10 to 20000

1000

Tone 6 Frequency

10 to 20000

1000

Tone 1 Gain

-30.0 to 0.0

-20.0

Tone 2 Gain

-30.0 to 0.0

0.0

Tone 3 Gain

-30.0 to 0.0

0.0

Tone 4 Gain

-30.0 to 0.0

0.0

Tone 5 Gain

-30.0 to 0.0

0.0

Tone 6 Gain

-30.0 to 0.0

0.0

Group 1 Control

OFF

ON

ON
Group 1 Bits

24 bit

24 bit

20 bit
Group 1 Channel 1
To 4

Tone1

Tone1

Tone2
Tone3
Tone4
Tone5
Tone6
Silence
Polarity

Group 2 Control

OFF

ON

ON
Group 2 Bits

24 bit

24 bit

20 bit
Group 2 Channel 1
To 4

Tone1

Tone1

Tone2
Tone3
Tone4
Tone5
Tone6
Silence
Polarity

Group 3 Control

OFF

ON

ON
Group 3 Bits
46

24 bit

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

24 bit

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

20 bit
Group 3 Channel 1
To 4

Tone1

Tone1

Tone2
Tone3
Tone4
Tone5
Tone6
Silence
Polarity

Group 4 Control

OFF

ON

ON
Group 4 Bits

24 bit

24 bit

20 bit
Group 4 Channel 1
To 4

Tone1

Tone1

Tone2
Tone3
Tone4
Tone5
Tone6
Silence
Polarity

AES Output

AES 1A Source

Silence

Tone1

Tone1
Tone2
Polarity
AES 1B Source

Silence

Tone1

Tone 1
Tone 2
Polarity
AES 1 Align

NTSC

NTSC

PAL-B
AES 1 Mode

24 bit

20 bit

20 bit
AES 2A Source

Silence

Tone1

Tone 1
Tone 2
Polarity
VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook
Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

47

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

AES 2B Source

Silence

Tone1

Tone 1
Tone 2
Polarity
AES 2 Align

NTSC

NTSC

PAL-B
AES 2 Mode

24 bit

20 bit

20 bit
Audio Right Source

Silence

Tone1

Tone 1
Tone 2
Polarity
Audio Left Source

Silence

Tone1

Tone 1
Tone 2
Polarity

Other Outputs

Audio Gain (dB)

-18.0 to 18.0

6 Hz Clock Enable

OFF

ON

ON
6 Hz Clock Phase

-83 to 83

10 MHz Clock En

OFF

ON

ON
Word Clock Enable

OFF

On

ON

Output Time Code

Word Clock Phase

-10416.667 to
10416.667

0.000

Out TC CF Status
(RO)

OFF

Out TC Skew Stat


(RO)

OFF

Out TC Select

LTC1

ON
-

ON
LTC1

LTC2
VITC1
VITC2
VITC3
VITC4
CSD UI LTC Dest

48

LTC1

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

LTC1

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

LTC2
Out TC UTC Time

OFF

OFF

ON
Out TC LS Time
(RO)

00:00:00 to 11:59:59

Out TC Format

FpsNTNDrop

Fps30NDrop

FpsNTDrop
Fps25
Fps24NDrop
Fps30NDrop
Out TC User Bits

SMPTE12M

Leitch12M

Leitch12M
SMPTE309M
MJD309M
LTCSpain
ParlHouse
Out TC Mode

SendDate

SendDate

ClearUBits
CopyUBits
Out TC 12 Hour

OFF

OFF

ON
Out TC Clear CF

OFF

OFF

ON
Output TC Jam

OTC Discon Mode

SoftJam

HardJam

HardJam
OTC J Sync Time

00:00:00 to 23:59:59

00:00:00

OTC J Sync Date

0000/01/01 to
9999/12/31

2058/01/01

OTC J Sync Freq

String

000001D

OTC J Sync Enable

OFF

OFF

ON
OTC J Sync Now

OFF

OFF

ON
OTC Sync CF

OFF

OFF

ON
Output TC Offset

OTC Offset Now

String

+0000000S

OTC Offset Set

String

00000S

OTC Trigger Time

00:00:00 to 23:59:59

00:00:00

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

49

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

OTC Trigger Date

0000/01/01 to
9999/12/31

2058/01/01

OTC Delay Trigger

OFF

OFF

ON
OTC Level Trigger

OFF

OFF

ON
Clock Offset

0.000 to 63.519

0.000

Line Offset

0 to 525 LINE

Frame Offset

0 to 29 frames

Aux Offset

0.0 to 12.0

0.0 HR

Aux Plus Minus

Plus

Plus

Minus
Aux Offset En

OFF

OFF

ON
Output ATR

ATR Enable

OFF

ON

ON
ATR Track Video

NoTrack

NoTrack

ATROffset
ATRTime
ATR Offset (RO)

String

+0000000S

ATR Set Offset

String

00000S

Offset Trig Time

00:00:00 to 23:59:59

00:00:00

Offset Trig Date

0000/01/01 to
9999/12/31

2058/01/01

Delay Trigger

OFF

OFF

ON
Level Trigger

OFF

OFF

ON

BB VITC Output

Clock Offset

0 to 63.519

0.000

Line Offset

0 to 524

Frame Offset

0 to 29

VITC Enable

OFF

ON

ON
VITC Line 1

10 to 20

14

VITC Line 2

10 to 20

16

10 Field Enable

OFF

OFF

ON
Comp VITC Output
50

Output Enable

OFF

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

OFF

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

ON
VITC Line 1

10 to 20

14

VITC Line 2

10 to 20

16

VITC U Bits

SMPTE12M

Leitch12M

LEITCH12M
SMPTE309M
LTCSpain
Aux Offset

-11.5 to 12.0 HOUR

0.0

Aux Enable

OFF

OFF

ON
VITC Mode

SendDate

SendDate

ClearUBits
CopyUBits
12 Hour Enable

OFF

OFF

ON
Serial Output

TCC Control Mode

ClientMode

ClientMode

OutputTime
CtrlMode
TCC Output Mode

TimeOnly

TimeOnly

TimeFrames
TCC LTC Dest

LTC1

LTC1

LTC2
TCC UI Dest

LTC1

LTC1

LTC2
Clock

Display Time

Time Display (RO)

00:00:00 1/1/1972 to
11:59:59 12/31/2071

Date Display (RO)

1/1/1972 to
12/31/2071

Time Zone (RO)

0=UTC to 50=
UTC+12

DST (RO)

No

Yes
Locale (RO)

NoLocale

Greenwich
MonorCasab
WEuropePlus1
RomancePlus1
PragBraPlus1

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

51

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

WarsawPlus1
GrFinTuPlus2
EgyptPlus2
EeuropePlus2
SafricaPlus2
IsrealPlus2
SaudArbPlus3
RussiaPlus3
IranPlus3p5
ArabiaPlus4
AfghnPlus4p5
WasiaPlus5
IndiaPlus5p5
CasiaPlus6
BangkokPlus7
BeijingPlus8
TaipeiPlus8
TokyoPlus9
AdeldPlus9p5
DarwnPlus9p5
BrisbnPlus10
EaustlPlus10
WpacifPlus10
TasmanPlus10
CpacifPlus11
FijiPlus12
NewZldPlus12
AzoresMinus1
MidAtlnMinus2
BrasilMinus3
SamEastMinus3
NwfnldMinus3p5
AtlanticMinus4
SamWestMinus4
SamPacifMinus4
EasternMinus5
EindianMinus5
52

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

CentralMinus6
MexicoMinus6
SasktchMinus6
ArizonaMinus7
MountainMinus7
PacificMinus8
AlaskaMinus9
HawaiiMinus10
SamoaMinus11
DatelnMinus12
Leap Year (RO)

Yes

No

Set Time

Leap Seconds (RO)

-59 to +59

Leap Sec Changed


(RO)

Off

Set Time

00:00:00 to 23:59:59

00:00:00

Set Date

0000/01/01 to
9999/12/31

2058/01/01

Set Time Now

OFF

OFF

On

Time
Date
TimeDate
DSTTime
DSTTimeDate
Set Time Zone

UTCminus12 to
UTCplus12

UTC

Set DST Mode

NoDst

NoDst

ManualDst
AutoDst
InputDst
Set Locale

NoLocale

NoLocale

Greenwich
MonorCasab
WEuropePlus1
RomancePlus1
PragBraPlus1
WarsawPlus1
GrFinTuPlus2
VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook
Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

53

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

EgyptPlus2
EeuropePlus2
SafricaPlus2
IsrealPlus2
SaudArbPlus3
RussiaPlus3
IranPlus3p5
ArabiaPlus4
AfghnPlus4p5
WasiaPlus5
IndiaPlus5p5
CasiaPlus6
BangkokPlus7
BeijingPlus8
TaipeiPlus8
TokyoPlus9
AdeldPlus9p5
DarwnPlus9p5
BrisbnPlus10
EaustlPlus10
WpacifPlus10
TasmanPlus10
CpacifPlus11
FijiPlus12
NewZldPlus12
AzoresMinus1
MidAtlnMinus2
BrasilMinus3
SamEastMinus3
NwfnldMinus3p5
AtlanticMinus4
SamWestMinus4
SamPacifMinus4
EasternMinus5
EindianMinus5
CentralMinus6
MexicoMinus6
54

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

NoLocale

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

SasktchMinus6
ArizonaMinus7
MountainMinus7
PacificMinus8
AlaskaMinus9
HawaiiMinus10
SamoaMinus11
DatelnMinus12
Set Time Trigger

Off

Off

Time
Date
TimeDate
DSTTime
DSTTimeDate
Trig/PPS Select

Disable

Disable

PPS
Trig
Manual DST

Man DST On Time

00:00:00 TO
23:59:59

00:00:00

Man DST On Rule

String

WFD7M04

Man DST Off Time

00:00:00 to 23:59:59

00:00:00

Man DST Off Rule

String

WLD7M10

DST Edge Trg

OFF

OFF

ON
Man DST Enable

OFF

OFF

ON
Leap Second Time

00:00:00 23:59:59

00:00:00

Leap Second Date

December31

December31

June30
March31
September30
LeapSecond Delta

-1, 0, 1

Leap Second Trig

OFF

OFF

ON
Local Offset

Local Offset

String

+00000S

LocalOffset Time

00:00:00 TO
11:59:59

00:00:00

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

55

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

LocalOffset Date

0000/01/01 TO
9999/12/31

2058/01/01

LocalOffset Trigger

OFF

OFF

ON
Local Offset Now

OFF

OFF

ON
ms Offset

-999 to 999

ms Offset Now

OFF

OFF

ON
Input Jam

NTP

NTP Status (RO)

MTG In(put) Jam


Time

00:00:00 to 23:59:59

00:00:00

MTG In(put) Jam


Date

0000/01/01 to
9999/12/31

2001/01/01

MTG In(put) Jam


Freq

String

00001D

MTG In(put) Jam


Now

OFF

OFF

TSG In(put) Jam


Time

00:00:00 to 11:59:59

00:00:00

TSG In(put) Jam


Date

1972/01/01 to
2071/12/31

2001/01/01

TSG In(put) Jam


Freq

String

00001D

TSG In(put) Jam


Now

OFF

OFF

ON

ON
NO

NO

YES
NTP Last Log
Message (RO)

String

NTP Enable

OFF

ON

ON
IP Address

0.0.0.0 to
255.255.255.255

0.0.0.0

Subnet Mask

0.0.0.0 to
255.255.255.255

255.255.255.0

Gateway

0.0.0.0 to
255.255.255.255

192.168.1.1

Port

0 to 65535

3001

DHCP

OFF

ON

ON

56

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

On Screen Display

OSD Select

SDI1

SDI4

SDI2
SDI3
SDI4
Composite
Source ID Enable

OFF

OFF

ON
Source ID Font Size

Small

Small

Large
Source ID X Position

0 to 52

Source ID Y Position

0 to 13

Source ID Opaque

0 to 15

Source ID Selection

Text1

Text1

Text2
Text3
Text4
Text5
Source ID Text1

String

Source ID Text2

String

Source ID Text3

String

Source ID Text4

String

Source ID Text5

String

Source ID Color

Red

White

Green
White
Black
Time Code Enable

OFF

OFF

ON
TC Font Size

Small

Small

Large
TC X Position

0 to 30

TC Y Position

0 to 12

TC Opaque

0 to 15

TC Color

Red

White

Green
White
Black
VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook
Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

57

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

TimingSignal

V2A Transmit En

OFF

OFF

ON
V2A Video Source

Composite

Composite

SDI1
SDI2
SDI3
SDI4
V2A Audio Source

AES1a

AES1a

AES1b
AES2a
AES2b
AnalogLeft
AnalogRight
Alarms

Input Time Lock

Alarm Enable

Enabled

Enabled

Disabled
Input Freq Lock

Alarm Enable

Enabled

Enabled

Disabled
Impulse Short

Alarm Enable

Enabled

Enabled

Disabled
Video Lock Stat

Alarm Enable

Enabled

Enabled

Disabled
Video Burst

Alarm Enable

Enabled

Enabled

Disabled
Setup

Factory Recall

NO

NO

YES
Keep Ethernet

NO

YES

YES

58

TSG HW Version

Hardware Version #

TSG SW Version

Software Version #

MTG HW Version

Hardware Version #

MTG SW Version

Software Version #

Cont Mod HW Ver

Hardware Version #

Cont Mod SW Ver

Software Version #

Preset 1 Name

String

Preset 1

Preset 2 Name

String

Preset 2

Preset 3 Name

String

Preset 3

Preset 4 Name

String

Preset 4

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Operation

Table 3-7. Settings Menu Selection


Main Menu

Submenu 1

Submenu 2

Selections

Default

Backlight Enable

NO

NO

YES

Input Status
Input Status is used to display the read-only information of the current input, GPS input, serial
input, and genlock.

Locking the Master Time Generator to an Input Source


The Input Time Lock and Input Frequency Lock can be used to determine whether or not the
VSG-410 is locked to the input time source and to the corresponding time base signal.
When the Input Time Lock (INPUT STATUS\INPUT TIME LOCK) is set to ON, it indicates
that the VSG-410 is obtaining valid time information from the current input source. Input
Frequency Lock (INPUT STATUS\MTG FREQ LOCK) then provides information about the
time lock. The lock parameters are:

None The VSG-410 is currently running in Free-run mode.

DataNoLock The time information received by the VSG-410 is going through the software
PLL but has not locked to the incoming time.

DataLock The time information received by the VSG-410 is going through the software
PLL and has locked to the incoming time.

PPS The VSG-410 is properly receiving PPS information from the GPS receiver.

InputVideo The VSG-410 is locked to the incoming video.

TenMHz The VSG-410 is locked to the incoming 10 MHz input.

TenMHzPPS The VSG-410 is locked to the incoming 10 MHz input and is receiving PPS
information from the GPS-1600 receiver. This parameter is valid for the GPS-1600 receiver
only.

Locking the Test Signal Generator to an Input Source


The TSG Frequency Lock (INPUT STATUS\TSG FREQUENCY LOCK) is used to determine
whether or not the TSG is locked to the input time source and to the corresponding time base
signal.
The Input Frequency Lock parameter provides information about the time lock. The parameters
are:

None The TSG is currently running in Free Run mode.

InputVideo The TSG is locked to the incoming video (BB1).

DataNoLock The time information received by the VSG-410 is going through the software
PLL but has not locked to the incoming time.

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DataLock The time information received by the VSG-410 is going through the software
PLL and has locked to the incoming time.

NotApplicable

Input Time Error


The MTG or TSG Input Time Error (INPUT STATUS\MTG or TSG IN TIME ERROR)
parameter detects any discrepancy between the VSG-410 system TAI time and the time
reference input. It can be used to track the time differences that are due to:

Video frame alignment when using a genlock time base.

Drift due to different time bases being used for the input source and for the VSG-410.

A positive Input Time Error value indicates that the VSG-410 system TAI time is ahead of the
reference time. When it is negative, it indicates that the TAI time is behind the reference time.
The Input Time Error has a range of 0s to 9.999s and indicates OVERFLOW if the difference
exceeds the indicated range.
If there is an input timing error, apply an immediate input jam sync by selecting CLOCK\INPUT
JAM\MTG or TSG INPUT JAM NOW\ON. When the parameter is set to ON, the VSG-410
completes the command and then returns the parameter value to OFF.

Reference Inputs
The Reference Inputs menu is used to configure input sources.
Reviewing Genlock Source Information
If the Input Source parameter is set to VITC, LTCVIDEO, or VIDEO, the Genlock mode can be
set to obtain information about the time reference signal. To set the Genlock mode and detected
genlock source information:
1. Set the Genlock Mode: REFERENCE INPUTS\VIDEO LOCK\VIDEO LOCK MODE.
Set the Video Lock setting to auto, Mono Hsync, or Colorburst.
2. Display the Genlock Lock mode used: REFERENCE INPUTS\GENLOCK\VIDEO
LOCK STAT. The current video genlock status will be displayed.

Setting Input Sources


The VSG-410 can be configured to accept time information from more than one input source.
When an input source fails, such as the primary input (highest priority source), the VSG-410 can
switch over and use the time information from a backup source (next priority source). The input
source options are:

Input Source (highest priority source): Used to set the primary input time source. The
most stable and accurate source is designated as the primary source.

Backup Source 1: Used to set the first backup time source. When the primary source fails,
Backup Source 1 is used.

Backup Source 2: Used to set the second backup time source. When the primary and first
backup source fails, Backup Source 2 is used.

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Free Run: When all other input sources fail, or when no backup sources are set, use Free
Run as the input source. Free Run is the internal time source.

If GPS, serial, and NTP input sources are configured as backup sources, they still call out and
process time/date information. However, the time/date information will not be used to update the
local time.
NOTE: In the case of a primary source failure, if after the first backup source does not initiate an
immediate call out to update time information, the time update occurs at the next scheduled backup
source call out.

Setting the Master Time Generator Input Sources


To set up the input time sources:
1. Set the primary input source: REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT
SOURCE. Select a source from the menu.
2. Set the first backup input source: REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INTPUT\BACKUP
SOURCE 1. Select a source from the menu.
3. Set the second backup input source: REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT
INTPUT\BACKUP SOURCE 2. Select a source from the menu.
4. Display the current primary input source: INPUT STATUS\MTG INPUT SOURCE.
Setting the Test Signal Generator Input Sources
Using the TSG input source parameter (REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\TSG INPUT
SOURCE), the VSG-410 configures the TSG to lock to the MTG BB1 and LTC1 output
reference. For example, if the TSG locks to a black video, the time reference signal may contain
embedded VITC. Use the TSG Input Source parameter to select which MTG reference source
format is used as the time input.
The AUTO parameter can also be selected. When the TSG Input Source parameter is set to
AUTO, the TSG automatically sets the primary input source according to the available time
reference formats. If VITC is available, the TSG selects VITC first, followed by LTCVIDEO
(independent LTC time source with time base locks to BB1) and Video (internal time reference
with time base locks to BB1).
If there is no input time reference source, Free Run (internal time reference) is used.
To set the TSG input time source:
1. Set the input source: REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\TSG INPUT SOURCE.
2. Once the selection is set, display the current input source: INPUT STATUS\TSG INPUT
SOURCE.
If the INPUT STATUS\TSG INPUT SOURCE reads VITC, or LTCVideo, VITC and LTC
control parameters can be used to configure offsets and enable the reading of the date from the
timecode.
If the TSG Input Source reads Free Run, the internal time source can be set to the current local
time. The time that is set is also used as the time source for the VITC output and on-screen
timecode display.

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Selecting the Video Input Signal


The VSG-410 can take in a composite video input and lock the local time to the incoming video
source. When the Current Input Source (REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG
INPUT SOURCE) is set to VIDEO, the VSG-410 takes the current TAI time base and
synchronizes it to the video using the Absolute Time Reference (ATR).
NOTE: If the input video signal does not meet appropriate specifications, the unit might cause breaks in
the TAI time base and therefore disrupt output signals.

When using composite video as the primary input source, the VSG-410 switches over to the
hardware Phase Lock Loop (PLL) to lock to the signal. When the VSG-410 is locked to the
video signal, it receives periodic time updates from each color field 0 (even field).
1. To use a video source as the primary input source:

Set the primary input source to Video: REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT


INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE\VIDEO.

Determine which video standard is detected: REFERENCE INPUTS\


GENLOCK\VID STANDARD DETECT. The standard will be displayed. NoSignal
indicates that no video signal is present.

Select to which video signal to lock the unit: REFERENCE INPUTS\VIDEO


LOCK\VIDEO LOCK MODE. Select Auto, MonoHsync, or ColorBurst.

Determine to which video signal the VSG-410 is locked: REFERENCE


INPUTS\GENLOCK\VIDEO LOCK STATUS. The detected signal will be displayed

Determine if the input video contains black burst: REFERENCE


INPUTS\GENLOCK\VIDEO BURST DETECT. No or Yes will be displayed.

2. If the input source video has VITC or ATR, make the following selections:

Determine which type of embedded information is contained in the video signal:


REFERENCE INPUTS\GENLOCK\VID EMBEDDED DETECT.

Select which embedded information will be locked to the VSG-410s time:


REFERENCE INPUTS\VIDEO LOCK\EMBEDDED SELECT. The selections are
None, VITC, and ATR.

3. If VITC is embedded in the video input source, indicate which VITC line is locked to the
VSG-410: REFERENCE INPUTS\VIDEO LOCK\VITC LINE. Select between 10 to 20.
4. To apply an offset to the embedded VITC input:

Set the input time code for VITC: REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC
INPUT SELECT\VITC.

Set the Time Code offset to apply to the VITC input: REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT
TIME CODE\TC OFFSET. Enter the value for the time unit. Press ENTER to select
each digit and the + or -. The offset string consists of a value between -99999 and
+99999 and a time unit that is described in Table 3-4 on page 29.

Enable the Time Code Offset: REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC


OFFSET ENABLE. Set the parameter to ON.

5. If the ATR is embedded in the input video source, the offset can be applied to the ATR
value.
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Set the ATR offset to be applied to the ATR input: REFERENCE INPUTS\ATR
INPUT\ATR OFFSET. The offset value string consists of a value between -99999
and +99999 and a time unit that is described in Table 3-4 on page 29. Press ENTER
to select each digit and the + or -.

Enable the ATR Offset: REFERENCE INPUTS\ATR INPUT\ATR OFFSET


ENABLE\ON.

6. If the ATR is embedded in the input video, use the time zone information that is available
in the ATR payload to set the time zone for the local time. Enable the ATR time zone to
read ON by selecting REFERENCE INPUTS\ATR INPUT\ATR READ TZ\ON.

Input Time Code


You can use input time code, either Linear Time Code (LTC) or Vertical Interval Time Code
(VITC), as an external reference source for the VSG-410. Only SMPTE-12M, SMPTE-12M with
Leitch extensions (for date and auxiliary offsets), and SMPTE-309M (with both Julian and
modified Julian dates formats) at 24 fps, 25 fps, and 30 fps (at 30 Hz or NTSC drop frame) video
time code formats are supported. VITC sources are input to the VSG-410 through the genlock
inputs.
1. Select time code as the input reference source:

Select time code as your input reference source: REFERENCE INPUTS \CURRENT
INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE. Select LTC, LTC+10M, or LTC _Video.

Select the type of time code source: REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME


CODE\TC\INPUT SELECT. Select LTC or VITC.

2. Navigate the following parameters to obtain information about the format of the time
code and its user bit format:

Display the time code format: REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC


FORMAT DETECT. The time code format will be displayed.

Display the time code user bit format: REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME
CODE\TC USER BITS. The time code user bit information will be displayed.

3. To set and enable a timecode offset:

Set a timecode offset: REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC OFFSET.


Select a value between -99999 and +99999 and a time unit that is described in
Table 3-4 on page 29. Press ENTER to select each digit and the + or -.

Enable the time code offset: REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC


OFFSET ENABLE\ON.

4. The VSG-410 can be configured to obtain date, time zone, and auxiliary offset
information from the time code input:

Set the date according to the date information provided by the time code user bits:
REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC READ DATE\ON. If at a later time
the TC Read Date parameter is set to off, perform a manual input jam sync before the
module applies the parameter change.

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Set the auxiliary offset according to the auxiliary offset information provided
auxiliary bits: REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC READ AUX
OFF\ON.

Set the time zone according to the time zone information provided by the SMPTE309M time code format: REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC READ
TZ\ON.

Time Code Input Offset Operation Considerations

If the input time reference source has no date information, or if the Time Code Read Date
parameter is set to OFF, applying an input offset of days, weeks, months, or years will have
no effect.

If either an input Leap Second auto-detection parameter, such as TC AUTO LS or input


DST-auto detection such as TC AUTO DST are set to ON, applying an input offset of 1
second or 1 hour respectively will also cause a leap second or a DST change to be detected.
Ensure that all input offsets are applied prior to enabling the input Leap Second or DST autodetection controls.

Applying Settings for GPS Receiver Operation


The VSG-410 can receive time, date, and time base information from the GPS-3902/3901,
GPS-1600, and GPS-5300 global positioning system receivers. This section includes information
on using a GPS-3903/3902/3901 or GPS-5300 receiver, using a GPS-1600 receiver, and
performing a GPS self-survey.
Using a GPS-3903/3902/3901 or GPS-5300 Receiver
To use the VSG-410 to receive time, date, and time base information from a
GPS-3903/3902/3901 or GPS-5300 receiver:
1. Connect the VSG-410 to the GPS-3903/3902/3901 or GPS-5300 receiver.
2. Configure the VSG-410 to input time, date, and time base information.
3. Configure the VSG-410 to make scheduled call outs to the GPS receivers to obtain time,
date, and time base information.
4. Monitor the current status of the GPS connection.
Configuring the VSG-410 for GPS-3903/3902/3901 or GPS-5300 Operation

To configure the VSG-410 for operation with the GPS-3903/3902/3901 or GPS-5300 receiver:
1. Configure the VSG-410 to receive time, date, and time base information:

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Set the PPS input source: CLOCK\SET TIME\TRIG/PPS SELECT\PPS.

Set the GPS source: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\GPS SOURCE. Select


GPS3903, GPS3902, GPS3901, or GPS5300.

Set the GPS configure mode: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\GPS CONFIG


MODE\ACTIVE.

Set the input Source: REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT


SOURCE\GPS.
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2. Set up the GPS automatic call out parameters:

Set the time when the VSG-410 should call out to the GPS for time, date, and time
base information: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\GPS CALL TIME. Set the
time in hours, minutes, and seconds (HH:MM:SS). Press ENTER to select each value.

Set the date when the VSG-410 should call out to the GPS for time, date, and time
base information: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\GPS CALL DATE. The date
is set in year, month, day (YYYY-MM-DD). Press ENTER to select each value.

Set the GPS call frequency: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\GPS CALL FREQ.
Setting this parameter to 00001D instructs the device to call out once per day. To call
out twice per day, set the parameter to 00012H. To call out once every two days, set it
to 00002D. For the best results, set this parameter to 00001D.

Set the GPS call enable: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\GPS CALL


ENABLE\ON.

NOTE: If changing one of the input sources to an input source that calls out for time and if the reference
date/time setting of that input source has passed, then the VSG-410 will immediately make a call out for
time. After the initial call out, the VSG-410 will use the reference date/time and call frequency to make
subsequent call outs.

3. After the device calls out, ensure the following parameter options appear:

Input Time Lock shows ON to indicates that the callout was successful: INPUT
STATUS\CURRENT INPUT\INPUT TIME LOCK.

GPS Receive Time shows UTC to indicate that type of time the VSG-410 is receiving
from the GPS: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\GPS RECEIVE TIME.

Decode Status provides information about the number of satellites that the VSG-410
is using to obtain time information: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\DECODE
STATUS. NoGPSTime should not be displayed.

Discipline Status shows Normal to indicate that the VSG-410 is receiving valid GPS
information packets: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\DISCIPLINE STATUS.

MTG Freq Lock displays PPS to indicate that the VSG-410 is locked to the incoming
PPS signal: INPUT STATUS\MTG FREQ LOCK.

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Use Table 3-8 to determine the status of the VSG-410s connection to the GPS.
Table 3-8. Connection Status for GPS-3902 and GPS-5300
Parameter

Associated Parameter Adjustments

GPS Decode Status (Read Only)

OK/SelfSurvey: The VSG-410 is receiving information from more than


three satellites and/or is currently performing a GPS self-survey. This is
the best possible GPS status for this parameter.

NoGPSTime: The VSG-410 is not receiving valid GPS information


packets.

NoUseState: No user satellite is detected.

Only1Sat: The VSG-410 is receiving information from one satellite.

Only2Sat: The VSG-410 is receiving information from two satellites.

Only3Sat: The VSG-410 is receiving information from three satellites.

NoSigPres: The VSG-410 is not receiving a satellite signal.

Normal: The VSG-410 is currently receiving a satellite signal. This is the


best possible GPS status for this parameter.

Discipline Status (Read only)

Using a GPS-1600 Receiver

To use the VSG-410 to receive time, date, and time base information from a GPS-1600 receiver:

Connect the VSG-410 system to the GPS-1600 receiver.

Configure the VSG-410 to input time, date, and time base information.

Monitor the current status of the GPS connection.


NOTE: When the VSG-410 is properly connected and configured to operate with the GPS-1600
receiver, it receives time, date, and time base information from the GPS-1600 every second.
Therefore, there is no need to configure the VSG-410 to call out to the GPS-1600.

1. To configure the VSG-410 for operation with the GPS-1600 receiver:

Configure the VSG-410 to receive time, date, and time base information.

Set the GPS source: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\GPS SOURCE\GPS1600.

To set the PPS input source, set the input to PPS: CLOCK\SET TIME\TRIG\PPS
SELECT.

Set the GPS configure mode: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS CONFIG


MODE\ACTIVE.

Set the Input Source: REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT


SOURCE\GPS10M.

Set the first back source: REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\BACKUP


SOURCE 1\10M.

Set the second backup source: REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\BACKUP


SOURCE 2. Select an input source.

2. Ensure that the following parameter options appear:

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Input Time Lock should be ON to indicate that the callout was successful: INPUT
STATUS\INPUT TIME LOCK.
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GPS Receive Time should be set to UTC to indicate the type of time the VSG-410 is
receiving from the GPS: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\GPS RECEIVE TIME.

GPS Decode Status should provide information about the number of satellites that the
VSG-410 is using to obtain time information: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS
INPUTS\DECODE STATUS.

GPS Discipline Status indicates that the VSG-410 is receiving valid GPS information
packets: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\DISCIPLINE STATUS\NORMAL.

Input Frequency Lock indicates that the module is locked to the incoming PPS signal:
INPUT STATUS\MTG FREQ LOCK. If the PPS is not connected, this parameter
will read 10 MHz.

Use Table 3-9 to determine the status of the GPS connection:


Table 3-9. Connection Status for GPS-1600
Parameter

Associated Parameter Adjustments

GPSDecStat (Read Only)


NOTE: If this parameter reads
Only1Sat, the GpsOneSat
parameter must be set to ON in
order to accept the GPS
information packets.

OK/SelfSrvy: The VSG-410 is receiving information from more than


three satellites and/or currently performing a GPS self-survey. This is the
best possible GPS status for this parameter.

NoGpsTime: The VSG-410 is not receiving valid GPS information


packets.

PDOP_2High: The VSG-410 is not receiving valid GPS information


packets.

NoUseSate: No user satellite detected.

Only1Sat: The VSG-410 is receiving information from one satellite.

Only2Sat: The VSG-410 is receiving information from two satellites.

Only3Sat: The VSG-410 is receiving information from three satellites.

SatUnstble: The satellite from which the VSG-410 is receiving valid GPS
information packets is unstable.

TraimRjFix: The Time-receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitor (T-RAIM)


algorithm rejected position the fix.

NoSigPres: The VSG-410 is not receiving a satellite signal.

Normal: The VSG-410 is currently receiving a satellite signal. This is the


best possible GPS status for this parameter.

GpsDisStat (Read Only)

Performing a GPS Self-Survey

The GPS Self-Survey Select (REFERENCE INPUT\GPS INPUT\GPS SS SELECT) parameter


can be used to start and restart a self-survey on the GPS receiver that is connected to the device.
Performing a self-survey forces the GPS receiver to enter the position fix mode so that the
receiver acquires more precise satellite positions. This results in sending more accurate timing
information for the VSG-410. A self-survey can be performed only when there are more than
three visible satellites (when the INPUT STATUS\GPS INPUT\DECODE STATUS parameter
displays OK/SlfSrvy).
To perform a GPS self-survey:
1. Ensure that three satellites are visible to perform the self-survey: REFERENCE
INPUTS\GPS INPUT\DECODE STATUS\OK/SelfSrvy.
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2. Start the GPS self-survey: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\GPS SS SELECT\ON.


3. Display the GPS self-survey progress: REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS INPUT\GPS SELF
SURVEY. This read-only parameter displays the self-survey progress as a percentage
where 0 indicates that the survey has not started and 100 represents that the survey is
complete.

Applying Serial Connection Settings


The RS-232 serial connection on the breakout board can be used to communicate with other
VSG-410s, CSD, GPS-3903/3902/3901, MTG-3901, and TCC-1302 systems. Using the module
serial connection, configure the VSG-410 to either call out to other MTG/CSD systems to obtain
time, date, and time base information, or connect to a TCC-1302 to receive continuous time
code. The VSG-410 can also be configured as a time reference source and to receive calls from
other MTG/CSD systems.
Calling Out for Time Information Using the Serial Connection
Configure the VSG-410 to obtain time and date information:
1. Set the input to a serial source.

Set the Input Source: REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT


SOURCE. Select Serial_10M, Serial, or Ser_Video.

Set the serial source: REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL


SOURCE\CSD.

2. Set the date and time frequency of the callout to the other systems:

Set the serial port call time: REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL CALL
TIME. Set the time in Hours, minutes, and seconds (HH:MM:SS).

Set the serial port call date (current date): REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL
INPUT\SERIAL CALL DATE. Set the date in years, months, days (YYYY-MMDD).

Set the serial port call frequency: REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL


CALL FREQ. Setting this parameter to 00001D instructs the device to call out once
per day. To call out twice per day, set the parameter to 00012H. To call out once
every two days, set the device to 00002D. For best results, set the parameter to
00001D.

Enable the serial port to call out: REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL


CALL ENABLE\ON.

Serial Port Status Results

The Serial Status parameter (REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL STATUS) to


display the information about the status of the devices last call out to a time reference source.
The parameter will display one of the following:

NoCall: The VSG-410 has not made a callout for time.

Normal: The VSG-410 has successfully made a callout for time.

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CallFailed: The VSG-410 called out for time, but the call was not successful. The VSG-410
could not obtain time and date information from the time reference source.

SourceCallFailed: The time reference source that the VSG-410 called received a Call
Failed status.

SourceTimeInvalid: The time reference source that the VSG-410 called did not have a valid
time.

SourceDiagnosticFailed: The time reference source the VSG-410 called failed the
diagnostic test.

Using the Serial Port to Provide Remote Access


The RS-232 serial port can be configured to provide users remote access to the VSG-410. The
following section describes how to provide remote access to the CSD-5300 and TCC-1302
systems.
Providing Access to the CSD-5300 User Interface through the Serial Port

The CSD-5300 user interface can be used to control most of the VSG-410 timing parameters
through a terminal program.
Connect the serial port to the PC with a null modem cable. Configure HyperTerminal for 9600
Baud, 8 Data Bits, None for Parity, and 1 Stop Bit. Set OUTPUT\SERIAL OUTPUT\TCC
CONTROL MODE to CTRL MODE. To set up remote access to the VSG-410 through the CSD5300 user interface, use the device to set the serial source: REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL
INPUT\SERIAL SOURCE\CSD.
NOTE: When setting up remote access to the VSG-410, set the Serial Call Enable (REFERENCE
INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL CALL ENABLE) parameter to OFF, and ensure that the Input Source
(REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE) is set to Serial_10M, Serial, or
Ser_Video.

Setting up Dual Serial Port Mode


Two serial devices such as two GPS receivers can be connected to the VSG-410 using a
CAB-CSD-SER-Y cable. Also, the serial device can be designed as either the primary input
source or the secondary input source.
The CAB-CSD-SER-Y cable has two 9-pin male connectors on one end, and one 9-pin female
connector on the other end. One of the cables two 9-pin male connectors is designated as the
Primary serial port and the other connector is designated as the Secondary serial port.
Table 3-10 describes the lines that are available for each port when the two serial ports are
activated.
Table 3-10. Lines Available for Dual Serial Ports
Pin

Serial Connector/Port

Acronym

Description

Primary

RLSD

Received Line Signal Detector

Primary

RD

Received Data

Primary

TD

Transmitted Data

Primary

DTR

DTE Ready

Primary/Secondary

Ground

Signal Common

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Table 3-10. Lines Available for Dual Serial Ports


Pin

Serial Connector/Port

Acronym

Description

Secondary

RD

Received Data

Secondary

TD

Transmitted Data

Primary

CTS

Clear to Send

Primary

RI

Ring Indicator

The DCR and RTS lines are disabled on the Primary port but looped back to the DTR and CTS
lines respectively in the CAB-CSD-SER-Y cable.
Configuring the Serial Ports

To activate the two serial ports, set the Dual Serial Port Enable (REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL
INPUT\DUAL SERIAL PORT ENABLE) control parameter to either BackSecondary or
PriSecondary. Doing so produces the following results:

BackSecondary maps the primary port of the CAB-CSD-SER-Y cable to the primary input
source parameter (REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE). The
Secondary port is mapped to the Backup Source 1 parameter (REFERENCE
INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\BACKUP SOURCE 1).

PriScndry maps to the secondary port of the CAB-CSD-SER-Y cable to the primary input
source parameter (REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\BACK SOURCE 1).

After Setting the Dual Serial Port (REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\DUAL SERIAL
PORT ENABLE) control parameter, use the primary input source parameter (REFERENCE
INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE) and backup source 1 (REFERENCE
INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\BACKUP SOURCE 1) parameters to select the devices primary
input source and first backup source.
Connecting the VSG to a Reference Source and Providing Access to the CSD
User Interface
When using the Dual Serial Port mode, the VSG-410 can be connected to a reference source and
access the CSD-5300 user interface mode simultaneously. Using the CSD-5300 user interface,
control most of the VSG-410 parameters through a terminal program.
To configure the VSG-410 to input time from a reference source and provide access to the
CSD-5300 interface simultaneously perform the following:
1. Using the CAB-CSD-SER-Y cable, connect the cables 9-pin Primary serial port
connector to the reference sources 9-pin female connector.
2. Connect the cables 9-pin male Secondary serial port connector to access the CSD
interface.
3. Configure the VSG-410 to obtain time and date information from an input source while
providing access to the CSD interface.

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Enable Dual Serial Port mode by setting the parameter to BackSecondary


(REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\DUAL SERIAL PORT ENABLE\BACK
SECONDARY). Setting this parameter to BackSecondary maps the primary port of
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the CAB-CSD-SER-Y cable to the primary input source parameter (REFERENCE


INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE).

Set the primary input source to the input device that is connected to the
CAB-CSD-SER-Y cables Primary serial port connector (REFERENCE
INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT SORUCE\GPS). This example assumes
that a GPS receiver is being used as the time reference source.

Set the serial source to CSD: REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL


SOURCE\CSD.

Dual Serial Port Mode Operational Considerations

The VSG-410 status (REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL STATUS) parameters


display the status of a devices last callout. If a devices last callout is successful (status
parameter reads NORMAL), the time obtained during the callout is considered valid time. If the
devices input source designation is changed from being the first backup source to the primary
input source, the device will use this time until the next callout for time and date information.
Locking the Serial Connection to Continuous Time Code Conversion Output
Configure the VSG-410 to lock to continuous time code conversion (TCC) output, through the
serial port connection. To do this, connect the VSG-410 system to a time code converter such as
the TCC-1302 using a serial cable.
To configure the VSG-410 so that it locks to a TCC output:
1. Set the devices input to a serial source and lock it to TCC output.

Set the serial input source and lock it to TCC output.

Set the serial input source: REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT


SOURCE\SERIAL.

Set the serial source to a TCC output with the appropriate baud rate: REFERENCE
INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL SOURCE. Select TCC300, TCC600, TCC1200,
TCC2400, TCC4800, or TCC9600.

2. Set the serial TCC control mode: OUTPUTS\SERIAL OUTPUT\TCC CONTROL


MODE\CLIENTMODE.
Serial Port Status Parameter Results

Use the Serial Status parameter (INPUT STATUS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL STATUS) to


display information about the status of the connection with the TCC output source. The
parameter results are:

Normal: The VSG-410 is properly receiving continuous TCC output.

No Signal: The VSG-410 cannot detect any TCC continuous output.

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Outputs
The Outputs menu is used to configure the VSG-410 outputs.

Output Sync
Output sync is used to configure DARS, HZ, and impulse controls.
Setting HZ Out Control
Use the VSG-410 to generate a HZ output signal for timing purposes. The HZ Out and HZ Phase
parameters are used to configure the frequency of the output square wave and any required
phasing offsets that need to be applied. The square wave output is locked to the VSG-410 time
base.
When the Hz Phase parameter is set to 0, the falling edge of the HZ out is aligned with the top of
each second. To configure the HZ output signal:
1. Select an HZ output rate: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT SYNC\Hz OUT. The rate can be selected
from the menu items listed in the HZ OUT menu.
2. Enter an Hz output phasing offset value: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT SYNC\Hz PHASE. Select
a value from -999 ms to +999 ms.
Setting DARS Control
Use the VSG-410 to generate a Digital Audio Reference Signal (DARS). To generate a DARS
signal, enable the DARS output: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT SYNC\DARS ENABLE. Select either
DARSNTSC or DARSPALB.
Setting Impulse Drive Control
Use the VSG-410 to drive a maximum of 20 impulse clocks. When configuring the device to
drive impulse clocks, enter the current face time of the clock in the Impulse Face Time
(OUTPUTS\OUTPUT SYNC\IMPULSE FACE TIME) parameter. This time is used to
determine how to synchronize the impulse clock to the devices time. For example, if the
impulse clock face time is ahead of the VSG-410 time, the device will delay sending the pulses
to drive the clock until the VSG-410 time is the same as the clock face time. If the impulse clock
face time is behind the VSG-410 time, the device will double the frequency of pulses it sends to
the clock until the face time is the same VSG-410 time.
The VSG-410 impulse drive outputs a DC voltage at a maximum of 13.0 V. To configure the
VSG-410 to drive impulse clocks:
1. Enter the face time of the downstream impulse clock(s): OUTPUTS\OUTPUT
SYNC\IMPULSE FACE TIME. Enter the clock time.
2. Issue a Start command to the impulse clock: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT SYNC\IMPULSE
START\ON.
NOTE: When the VSG-410 detects a short circuit condition, the Impulse Short (OUTPUTS\OUTPUT
SYNC\IMPULSE SHORT) read only parameter is updated and an alarm is generated.

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Setting Black Burst and ATR (Black Output)


NOTE: BB1 Video Enable, BB1ATR, and BB1 VITC for Black Burst 1 cannot be disabled.

Black Burst control parameters can be used to configure the black burst video outputs. Each
black burst output can be configured independently of each other, meaning that they can output
different video standards and have different video settings applied. For each black burst video
output, a separate set of values are stored for the following parameters: Output Video Enable and
Output Video Setup in the OUTPUTS\BLACK OUTPUT menu, 10 Field Enable and VITC
output in the OUTPUTS\BB VITC OUTPUT menu, and all output ATR-related parameters in
the OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR menu.
Each black burst video output is locked to the time base using Absolute Timing Reference
(ATR) information.
The following provides an overview of the steps required to configure the black burst video
output signals:
1. Select and enable the black burst video outputs to be used.
2. Select a video standard for each video output.
3. Set ATR control parameters.
4. Set vertical integrated time code control parameters.
To configure the black burst video outputs:
1. Select and enable a black burst video output.

Select the black burst video output to be configured: OUTPUTS\BLACK


OUTPUT\OUT VIDEO SELECT. Select a black burst video output. By default BB1
is ATR enabled. Four black burst video outputs can be configured.

Enable the selected black burst video output: OUTPUTS\BLACK OUTPUT\OUT


VIDEO ENABLE\ON.

Select a video standard for the black burst video output: OUTPUTS\BLACK
OUTPUT\VIDEO STANDARD. Select a video standard for the output. When setting
the video standard to NTSC or PAL format, a separate set of values can be stored for
output VITC-related and output phase-related parameters for each format. With the
exception of 1080i-60, if you set the Video Standard parameter to a high definition
(HD) video standard, such as 1080i-60, the Video Setup and 10 Field Enable
selections are disabled. Also, any absolute time reference (ATR) related and vertical
integrated time code (VITC) related parameters such as ATR Enable and VITC
Enable are disabled.

2. If 7.5 IRE NTSC Setup or a 10-field sequence (in accordance with the SMPTE 318M-B
standard) is to be seen, perform the following steps:

Set this parameter to ON to see the 7.5 IRE NTSC Setup from the selected black burst
video output: OUTPUTS\BLACK OUTPUT\VIDEO SETUP\ON.

Set this parameter to ON to see a 10 field sequence from the selected black burst
video output: OUTPUTS\BB VITC OUTPUT\10 FIELD ENABLE\ON.

3. Configure the selected output to include Absolute Time Reference (ATR information
with the black burst video signal): OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\ATR ENABLE\ON.
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4. If including ATR information with the black burst video output, set the ATR Track Video
parameter to use ATR information to compensate for any differences between the output
video and ATR. To set this parameter make the following selection:
OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\ATR TRACK VIDEO. Select one of the following
parameters:

No Track: No tracking is required.

ATROffset: Use the ATR offset to compensate for any phase differences.

ATRTime: Use the ATR time information to compensate for phase differences.

5. To set the ATR offset:

Enter a value for the ATR offset: OUTPUTS\OTUPUT ATR\ATR SET OFFSET.
Enter a value. The offset value string consists of a value between -999999 and
+999999 and a time unit that is described in Table 3-4 on page 29. Press ENTER to
move to the next numeric value and the + or -. When the parameter is set to ON, line
12 of the video output is reserved for ATR information.

Enable the ATR offset immediately: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\LEVEL


TRIGGER\ON. If the Output ATR Track Video parameter is set to ATR Offset, set
the parameter to ON in order for the ATR offset to be applied.

Display the current ATR offset value: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\ATR OFFSET.


The read-only ATR offset value is displayed.

6. If you want to output vertical interval time code (VITC) with the black burst video for the
selected output:

Enable VITC output for the selected output: OUTPUTS\BB VITC OUTPUT\VITC
ENABLE\ON.

Enter a position value for the first line of VITC: OUTPUTS\BB VITC
OUTPUT\VITC LINE 1. Enter a value between 10 and 20.

Enter a position value for the second line of VITC: OUTPUTS\BB VITC
OUTPUT\VITC LINE 2. Enter a value between 10 and 20.

Applying an Output ATR Offset Delay


Program the device to apply an ATR offset to a selected black burst video output at a specified
time using the ATR offset delay controls. Output ATR offsets are applied in the offset field of
the ATR payload.
Apply an immediate ATR output offset using the Level Trigger (OUTPUTS\OUTPUT
ATR\LEVEL TRIGGER) parameter or schedule a specific time when using the offset applied
using the ATR offset delay controls. Setting the Offset Delay Controls disables the Level Trigger
parameter. Be aware that if using the Level Trigger parameter to provide the ATR offset value
for phase tracking, configuring the ATR offset delay may affect when the ATR offset is applied.

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Applying an Immediate ATR Output Offset

To apply an immediate ATR output offset immediately:


1. Select the black burst video output to configure: OUTPUTS\BLACK OUTPUT\OUT
VIDEO SELECT. Select a black burst video output. Set different output ATR-related
control parameters to each of the black burst outputs.
2. Enable the selected black burst video output: OUTPUTS\BLACK OUTPUT\OUT
VIDEO ENABLE\ON.
3. Enter the ATR offset immediately: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\LEVEL TRIGGER\ON.
If the Delay Trigger parameter is set to ON, this parameter is disabled once Level Trigger
is enabled.
4. Display the current ATR offset value: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\ATR OFFSET. The
read-only applied offset ATR value should be displayed.
Configuring a Delayed ATR Offset

To configure a Delayed ATR Offset:


1. Set the video outputs and the ATR offset.

Select the black burst video output to configure: OUTPUTS\BLACK OUTPUT\OUT


VIDEO SELECT. Select a black burst video output.

Enable the selected black burst video output: OUTPUTS\BLACK OUTPUT\VIDEO


ENABLE\ON.

Enter a value for the output ATR offset: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\ATR SET
OFFSET. Enter a value string that consists of a number between -99999 and +99999
and a time unit that is described in Table 3-4 on page 29.

2. Set the time and date that the ATR offset is applied to the video output:

Set the time when the ATR offset is applied to the selected black burst video output:
OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\OFFSET TRIG TIME. The time is set in hours minutes,
and seconds (HH:MM:SS).

Set the date when the ATR offset is applied to the selected black burst video output:
OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\OFFSET TRIG DATE. The date is set in year, month,
and day (YYYY:MM:DD).

Enable the output ATR offset delay: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\DELAY


TRIGGER\ON.

Display the current ATR offset value: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\ATR OFFSET.


The read-only value will be displayed.

NOTE: Setting the Level Trigger to OFF will not remove the offset. To remove the offset, ATR Set Offset
must be set to 0.

Applying Output ATR Phasing


Using the output ATR phasing controls, configure the ATR phasing settings for each black burst
video output. For each video output, set and store output ATR phasing values for NTSC or PAL.
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The device then stores these values and recalls them when the output video format is set to either
NTSC or PAL-B. Output ATR phasing controls are disabled for high definition video formats,
such as 1080i-60.
There are three phasing controls for the ATR payload: Output ATR, Clock Offset, Output ATR
Line Offset, and Output ATR Frame Offset. These three ATR phasing controls combine to
provide an overall phasing offset to the outgoing ATR payload on the selected black burst video
output. Table 3-11 lists the maximum adjustment scale values for each output video phasing
parameter.
Table 3-11. Output ATR Phasing Maximum Adjustment Scale Values
Video Standard

Clock Offset (s)

Line Offset

Frame Offset

NTSC, PAL-M

63.519

524

29

PAL-B

63.963

624

24

Configuring Video Output Phasing

To configure video output phasing controls for a selected black burst video output:
1. Select the black burst video output to configure: OUTPUTS\BLACK OUTPUT\OUT
VIDEO SELECT. Select a black burst video output.
2. Ensure that the output is enabled: OUTPUTS\BLACK OUTPUT\OUT VIDEO
ENABLE\ON.
3. Select the video standard to which to apply the output video phasing controls:
OUTPUTS\BLACK OUTPUT\VIDEO STANDARD. Select a video standard for the
output. Output video phasing values can be separate for each NTSC, PAL-B, and PAL-M
standard. Settings for these video standards are stored and are recalled when the video
standard is selected.
4. Set a value for output ATR clock offset: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\CLOCK OFFSET.
5. Set a value for output ATR line offset: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\LINE OFFSET.
6. Set a value for output ATR frame offset: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT ATR\FRAME OFFSET.

Configuring Composite Video Output Test Signals


When selecting test signals for the composite video output, the VSG-410 outputs the test signal
to both composite outputs. The test signals for each of the selectable composite video formats
(NTSC and PAL-B) can be set and stored.
Before outputting composite video test signals, set the composite video control parameters. For
many of the output-related parameters, select and store an option for each available video
standard. The parameters are then recalled when the video standard is selected for the output.
The output composite video phase can also be adjusted for each video standard.
Setting Up the Composite Video Output Signal
To set up the composite video output signal:
1. Enable the composite video outputs and select a composite output video standard.

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Enable the composite video outputs: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\OUTPUT


ENABLE\ON. This parameter enables composite outputs 1 and 2.

Select an output video standard: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\OUTPUT


STANDARD.

2. If NTSC is selected as the composite output video standard, enable NTSC setup and the
10-field sequence.

Enable NTSC Setup: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\OUTPUT SETUP\ON.

Enable SMPTE13M ten field identification signal: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE


OUTPUT\10 FIELD ENABLE\ON.

3. If either NTSC or PAL-B is selected as the output video standard, enable color burst and
chroma output with the output signal.

Enable color burst: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\BURST ENABLE\ON.

Enable color burst: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\CHROMA ENABLE\ON.

Set the Superblack IRE level: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\SUPER BLACK.


Set the value from -10.0 to 7.4 IRE. SuperBlack will only function when the test
signal is SuperBlack.

Selecting a Composite Video Test Signal


The available test signals depend on the selected output composite video standard.
NOTE: If not done already, enable and configure the output composite video signal.

To select a composite video test signal:


1. Select a test signal: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\TEST SIGNAL. Select a signal.
The list of available video test signals is located in Table 3-6 on page 30.
2. Enable a safe area overlay on the composite video output: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE
OUTPUT\SAFE AREA. Select Action On, Title On, or Action Title On. When enabled,
the overlay is displayed on the composite output, regardless of the selected video
standard.

Configuring SDI Video Output Test Signals


Test signals can be configured for each SDI video output. Before outputting video test signals,
set the SDI video control parameters. For many of the SDI output-related parameters, select and
store an option for each available video standard. The parameters are then recalled when the
video standard is selected for output. The output video phase can also be adjusted for each video
standard.
Setting Up SDI Video Output
To set up a video output signal:
1. Set the video formats for SDI output channel 1 and 2: OUTPUTS\SDI OUTPUT\1 AND
2 CHANGE. Select the standard for channels 1 and 2. Selecting SD-SD sets SDI channel
1 and channel 2 to standard Definition. Use OUTPUTS\SDI OUTPUT\3 AND 4
CHANGE to set video formats for channels 3 and 4.
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2. Select and enable the SDI output channel to be configured:

Select an SDI output channel: OUTPUTS\SDI OUTPUT\SDI SELECT. Select SDI 1


through 4. All SDI-related parameter changes will be made to the selected SDI output
channel, including on-screen display and embedded audio control parameters.

Enable the selected SDI output channel: OUTPUTS\SDI OUTPUT\SDI ENABLE.

3. Select a video output standard: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT\STANDARD SET. Select a video


standard.
Selecting an SDI Video Test Signal
A test signal or test slide can be selected to output to SDI channels. The available test signals and
test slides depend on the selected output video standard. Using the OUTPUT MODE
(OUTPUTS\SDI OUTPUT\OUTPUT MODE) parameter, select either Test Pattern (Test Signal)
or Image 1 and Image 2 (Test Slides) as the test source.
For each SDI output channel, select and store a different test signal or test slide for each SDI
video standard. When the video standard is selected, the stored test signal or test slide is
recalled.
NOTE: If not already completed, configure the SDI output channel.

To select an SDI video test signal or test slide:


1. Select a test source for the selected SDI output channel: OUTPUTS\SDI
OUTPUT\OUTPUT MODE. Select the output mode.
2. If Test Pattern is selected as the test source, select an SDI test signal: OUTPUTS\SDI
OUTPUT\TEST SIGNAL. Select the test signal.
3. If Image 1 or Image 2 was selected as the test source (SDI operation Mode), the image
name for the test slide image can be displayed: OUTPUTS\IMAGE\525 IMAGE 1
NAME to 720 IMAGE 2 NAME. If the image name is blank, there is no file loaded for
that image. See Transferring Test Slide .mg2 Files to the VSG-410 on page 127 for more
information.
Selecting an SDI Test Slide
For each SDI output channel, select and display test slide images that are stored on the device.
There can be a maximum of two test slides available for each selected SDI video standard. Test
slides are not available for the VSG-410 composite video outputs.
NOTE: If not done already, enable and configure the output composite video signal.

To select a test slide for the selected SDI output channel, select the test source: OUTPUTS\SDI
OUTPUT\OUTPUT MODE. Once in the Output Mode menu, select an image from the list: 525
Image 1 to 720 Image 2.

Adjusting Output Video Phase


Using the output video phasing controls, configure the video phasing setting for the VSG-410
composite and SDI video outputs. Output phasing values can be set and stored for each video
standard. The device then stores these values and recalls them when setting the output video
format to either NTSC, PAL-B, or any tri-level sync format.
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There are three output composite video phasing control parameters: Output Video Horizontal
Phase, Output Video Vertical Phase, and Output Video Frame Phase. Each control parameter has
a maximum value on its adjustment scale. Table 3-12 lists the maximum adjustment scale values
for each output video phasing parameter.
Table 3-12. Output Video Phasing Maximum Adjustment Scale Values
Video Standard

Horizontal Phase (s)

Line Offset

Frame Offset

NTSC

63.519

524

29

PAL-B

63.963

624

24

1080i_60, 1080p_30

29.593

1124

29

1080i_5994, 1080p_29.97

29.622

1124

29

1080i_50, 1080p_25

35.519

1124

24

1080psf_24, 1080p_24

37.00

1124

23

1080psf_23, 1080p_23.98

37.037

1124

23

720p_60

22.185

749

59

720p_59.94

22.207

749

59

720p_50

26.630

749

49

Configuring Video Output Phasing Controls


To configure output composite video phasing controls:
1. Enable the composite video outputs: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\OUTPUT
ENABLE\ON. The parameter enables outputs 1 and 2.
2. Select the video standard that will be applied to the output video phasing controls:
OUTPUTS\COMP OUTPUT\OUTPUT STANDARD. Output video phasing values can
be set separate for each video standard. The settings for each video standard are stored
and are then recalled when the video standard is selected.
3. Set a value for output video horizontal phase: OUTPUTS\COMP
OUTPUT\HORIZONTAL PHASE. Set the value (maximum values are described in
Table 3-12).
4. Set a value for output video vertical phase: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE
OUTPUT\VERTICAL PHASE. Set the value (maximum values are described in
Table 3-12).
5. Set a value for output video frame phase: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\FRAME
PHASE. Set the value (maximum values are described in Table 3-12).
Configuring Output Vertical Interval Timecode
Using the output timecode control parameters, configure the output VITC options including
setting the timecode user bit format, the timecode line position, and an auxiliary offset. When
VITC output is enabled, both composite video outputs carry the same VITC output. The format
of the timecode is determined by the output composite video standard. VITC control parameters
for each composite video standard can be set and stored. When the video standard is selected, the
VITC control parameters are recalled.
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Using the Output VITC User Bits (OUTPUTS\COMP VITC OUTPUT\VITC UBITS)
parameter, choose the type of user bit format of the output time code. When selecting a user bit
format use one of the following selections:

SMPTE_12M: Standard SMPTE 12M

Leitch12M: SMPTE 12M with Leitch extensions

SMPTE_309M: Standard SMPTE 309M (YYMMDD format)

LTCSpain: Modified SMPTE 12M for specific Spanish customers

Enabling VITC and Setting VITC Line Position

To enable the VITC output, set the VITC line positions, and enable the 12 hour output format
and perform the following:
1. Enable the composite video outputs: OUTPUTS\COMP OUTPUT\OUTPUT
ENABLE\ON.
2. Select an output video standard: OUTPUTS\COMP OUTPUT\OUTPUT STANDARD.
Select the video standard.
3. Enable the VITC output: OUTPUTS\COMP VITC OUTPUT\OUTPUT ENABLE\ON.
4. Set the first line position of the VITC output: OUTPUTS\COMP VITC OUTPUT\VITC
LINE 1. Select a value from 10 to 20.
5. Set the second line position of the VITC output: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE VITC
OUTPUT\VITC LINE 2. Select a value from 10 to 20.
6. Enable the 12-hour format on the VITC output: OUTPUTS\COMP VITC OUTPUT\12
HOUR ENABLE\ON. When this parameter is set to OFF, the VITC is output in 24-hour
format.
Setting Time Code User Bit and Auxiliary Offset Settings

To set the VITC user bit format and auxiliary offset settings for the selected composite video
output standard:
1. Select a user bit format for the selected output video standard: OUTPUTS\COMP VITC
OUTPUT\VITC UBITS. Select a format.
2. Set the VITC User Bit mode: OUTPUTS\COMP VITC OUTPUT\VITC MODE. Select
SendDate, ClearUBits, or CopyUBits.
3. Enable the VITC auxiliary offset: OUTPUTS\COMP VITC OUTPUT\AUX
ENABLE\ON. Set it to -11.5 to +12.0 Hours.
4. Set the VITC auxiliary offset: OUTPUTS\COMP VITC OUTPUT\AUX OFFSET. Set it
to -11.5 to +12.0 Hours.

Configuring Audio Test Tones


The VSG-410 has six independent test tone signals that can be configured and assigned to SDI
embedded audio outputs as well as two test tone signals for analog and AES outputs. Each test
tone signal has parameters to adjust its frequency (in Hz) and gain (in dBFS). Test tones (Tone 1
to Tone 6) can be assigned to more than one audio output at one time.
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One test tone signal can be assigned to each mono audio channel of an embedded audio or AES
output source. For analog audio, the same test tone signal is applied to the stereo channel pairs.
Configuring Audio Test Tone Signals
Configure the VSG-410 audio test tones before assigning the signals to the audio outputs. To set
frequency and gain for test tones 1 to 6 (Tone1 to Tone6):
1. Set the signal frequency for test tone 1 (Tone1Freq) to tone 6 (Tone6Freq):
OUTPUTS\TONE GENERATOR\TONE 1 FREQUENCY to TONE 6 FREQUENCY.
Select a value from 10 to 20000 Hz.
2. Set the test signal gain for test tone 1 to tone 6: OUTPUTS\TONE GENERATOR\TONE
1 to 6 GAIN. Select a value between -30.0 to 0.0 dBFS.
NOTE: There is no phase relationship between the six independent test tone signals. If you want to
assign tones with the same frequency and phasing, assign each audio channel to the same test tone
generator.

Assign Test Signals to AES and Analog Audio Output Channels


Different test tone signals can be assigned to each mono channel of the VSG-410s two AES
audio outputs. Using the AES Output Align (OUTPUTS\AES OUTPUT\AES 1 ALIGN or AES
2 ALIGN) parameters, select the composite video standard to which to align the AES audio
output.
For analog audio, both analog audio outputs use the same assigned right and left audio test
signals. Using the Analog Audio Gain (OUTPUTS\AES OUTPUT\AUDIO GAIN), adjust the
gain of the audio output.
NOTE: The Audio Gain parameter setting is different than the Test Tone Gain (Tone 1 Gain to Tone 6
Gain) parameters that adjust the gain of the test tone signal.

To assign test signals to AES and analog audio outputs:


1. Align AES audio outputs to a composite video standard and assign audio test signals:

Align each AES audio output to a composite video standard: OUTPUTS\AES


OUTPUT\AES 1 or 2 ALIGN. Select the source NTSC or PAL-B.

Assign an audio test signal to each mono audio channel: OUTPUTS\AES


OUTPUT\AES 1A SOURCE to AES 2B SOURCE. Select Silence, Tone1, Tone2, or
Polarity.

Select the bit resolution mode for the audio output: OUTPUTS\AES 1 or 2
MODE\20-BIT.

2. Assign audio test signals to the right and left analog audio channels, and set the gain for
the analog audio outputs:

Assign an audio test signal to the analog audio right and left channels:
OUTPUTS\AES OUTPUT\AUDIO RIGHT SRC or AUDIO LEFT SRC. Select
Silence, Tone1, Tone2, or Polarity.

Set the gain for the analog audio channels: OUTPUTS\AES OUTPUT\AUDIO GAIN
(dB). Select a value from -18.0 to +18.0 dB. This parameter sets the gain for both
analog audio outputs.
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Assigning Audio Test Signals to SDI Output Channels


A different test tone signal can be assigned to each embedded mono channel of the VSG-410s
SDI outputs. This means that a maximum of 16 audio test tone signals to each SDI output can be
assigned. Select and enable the SDI output channel before assigning test signals to its embedded
audio channels.
To assign audio test signals to SDI embedded audio outputs:
1. Select and enable the SDI output channel to which the audio test signals are to be
assigned.

Select an SDI output channel: OUTPUTS\SDI OUTPUT\SDI SELECT\SDI1 to


SDI4.

Enable the selected SDI output channel: OUTPUTS\SDI OUTPUT\SDI


ENABLE\ON.

2. Assign audio test signals to each mono audio channel for the select SDI output:

Enable the embedded groups on which the test signal is output:


OUTPUTS\EMBEDDED AUDIO\GROUP 1 CONTROL to GROUP 4
CONTROL\ON.

Set the bit resolution for the embedded audio group: OUTPUTS\EMBEDDED
AUDIO\ GROUP 1 BITS to GROUP 4 BITS. Select 20-bit or 24-bit.

Assign an audio test signal to a mono audio channel: OUTPUTS\EMBEDDED


AUDIO\GROUP 1 CHAN 1 to GROUP 4 CHAN 4 (16 channels total). Select OFF
(SD ONLY), Tone1 to 6, Silence, or Polarity.

Applying Output Time Code Settings


The VSG-410 can output time code in a range of different time code and user bit formats. The
time code output time is based on the current VSG-410 local time. Even if user-defined offsets
are applied to the time code outputs, all scheduling is based on the VSG-410 local time. This
means that all leap second changes, DST changes, subsequent scheduled offsets, and jam sync
occur when the VSG-410 local time matches the scheduled time defined by the parameters.
Table 3-13 described how these changes are applied to time code outputs.

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Table 3-13. Changes in Time Code Output


Local Time

Output Time

Scheduled Event

Result

23:59:00

00:59:00 (+1 hour)

Positive leap second is


applied at 00:00:00 (time
will advance by 1 second)

When the VSG-410 time reaches


00:00:00, the time goes back by 1
second. The time code output reads:
00:59:59, 00:59:60, 01:00:00, 01:00:01

01:59:00

00:59;00 (-1 hour)

DST enable at 02:00:00


(time will advance 1 hour)

When the VSG-410 time reaches


02:00:00, the time moves ahead by 1
hour. The time code output reads:
00:59:59, 02:00:00, 02:00:01, 02:00:02

12:59:00

12:29:00 (+30
minutes)

+1 hour offset scheduled


for 13:00:00

When the VSG-410 time reaches


13:00:00, the 1 hour offset is applied.
The output time code reads: 13:29:59,

17:59:00

17:44:00 (-15
minutes)

Output time code jam


sync scheduled for
18:00:00

When the VSG-410 time reaches


18:00:00, the VSG-410 initiates an
output time code jam sync. On the
output, this event would occur at
17:45:00.

If configuring the VSG-410, a range of time code parameter values for two Linear Time Code
(LTC) outputs (LTC1 and LTC2), and four Vertical Integrated Time Code (VITC) outputs
(VITC1 through VITC4) that correspond to the four black burst video outputs can be set and
stored. When configuring these time code parameters, the device stores the values and then
recalls them when the time code output is selected using the OUT TC SELECT
(OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC SELECT) parameter. The following parameter
options can be configured for each time code output.

Set the output time code format and user bit format.

Set the output time code offset

Set an output time code auxiliary offset.

Set output LTC Time Code phasing.

Select either a hard jam sync or soft jam sync when a discontinuity in the LTC time code
output occurs.

Set the output time code to either 24-hour or 12-hour time format.

Set the output time code to UTC time.

Setting Time Code Format and User Bit Format


Using the output time code control parameters, set the time code format and time code user bit
format for each time code output. When using the OUT TC FORMAT (OTUPUTS\OUTPUT
TIME CODE\OUT TC FORMAT), the available options for the time code format combine drop
frame or non-drop frame with the time code frame rate. The Output Time Code Format Options
are described in Table 3-14.

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Table 3-14. Output Time Code Format Options


Parameter

Time Code Format

FpsNTNDrop

NTSC (29.97 fps) non-drop frame

FpsNTDrop

NTSC (29.97) drop frame

Fps25

25 fps

Fps24NDrop

24 fps non-drop frame

Fps30NDrop

30 fps non-drop frame

Using the Output Time Code User Bits parameter (OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC
USER BITS) choose the time of user bit format of the output time code. The user bit format
selections are described in Table 3-15.
Table 3-15. Output Time Code User Bit Format Options
Parameter

Time Code Format

SMPTE_12M

Standard SMPTE 12M

Leitch12M

SMPTE 12M with Leitch extensions

SMPTE_309M

Standard SMPTE 309M (Julian dates)

MJD_309M

Modified Julian dates for SMPTE 309M

LTCSpain

Modified frame for Spanish customers.

Setting Output Time Code Formats

To set the time code format and user bit format for a specified time code output:
1. Select the time code output: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC SELECT. The
output time code parameters for each available time code format can be set and stored.
2. Select a time code format for the selected time code output: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME
CODE\OUT TC FORMAT. Select a format.
3. Select a user bit format for the selected time code output: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME
CODE\OUT TC USER BITS. Select a format.
Applying an Output Time Code Offset
Using the output time code offset controls (OUTPUT\OUTPUT OFFSET), apply an offset to a
time code output. Output time code offsets are set using a string that is comprised of a userdefined numeric value that is between -9999999 to +9999999 and a parameter time unit that is
described in Table 3-4 on page 29.
An offset can be immediately applied to the time code output using the OUTPUT\OUTPUT TC
OFFSET parameter, or a specific time can be scheduled when the output time code offset is
applied using the output time code offset delay controls.
Applying an Immediate Output Time Code Offset

To immediately apply an output time code offset to a selected time code output:
1. Select the Time Code Output: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC SELECT.
Select a time code output.
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2. Enter an output time code offset value: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC OFFSET\OFFSET


SET. Set an offset value from a string that consists of a value between -9999999 to
+9999999 and a parameter time unit that is described in Table 3-4 on page 29.
3. Apply an immediate output time code offset: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC OFFSET\OTC
LEVEL TRIGGER\ON. This parameter is disabled when the Delay Trigger
(OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC OFFSET\OTC DELAY TRIGGER) is set to ON.
NOTE: Setting the Output Time Code Level Trigger to OFF does not remove the offset value. To remove
the offset, the Output Time Code Offset Set parameter string must be 0.

Applying a Delayed Output Time Code Offset

To apply an output time code offset at a specified time using the Output Time Code Offset
Delay:
1. Select the time code output and set the output time code offset:

Select the time code output: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC SELECT.


Select a time code output. Time code parameters can be set and stored for each
available time code format.

Enter an output time code offset value: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC OFFSET\OTC


OFFSET SET. Set an offset value from a string that consists of a value between
-9999999 to +9999999 and a parameter time unit that is described in Table 3-4 on
page 29.

2. Set the output time code offset delay controls.

Enter the time when the output time code offset is applied to the selected time code
output: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC OFFSET\OTC TRIGGER TIME. The time is set in
hours, minutes, and seconds (HH:MM:SS).

Enter the date when the output time code offset is applied to the selected time code
output: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC OFFSET\OTC TRIGGER DATE. The date is set in
year, month, and day.

Enable the time code output delay: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC OFFSET\OTC DELAY


TRIGGER\ON. After the offset is applied, the parameter returns to OFF. Setting this
parameter to ON disables the Output Time Code Level Trigger parameter.

Display the output time code offset that is currently applied: OUTPUTS\
OUTPUT TC OFFSET\OTC OFFSET NOW. When the Trigger Time and Trigger
Date pass, the Time Code Offset Set value is applied to the time code output. This
value is also displayed by the Offset Now parameter.

Applying an Output Time Code Auxiliary Offset


Using the output time code auxiliary offset control, an offset can be applied to a downstream
device. To apply an auxiliary offset on the time code output being used, set the time code user bit
format (OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC USER BITS) to SMPTE 12M with Leitch
extensions (Leitch12M).
Output time code auxiliary offsets are set in 30 minute intervals (0.5 hour adjustments within the
valid range of -11.5 hour to +12.0 hours). The auxiliary offset is stored in the payload for the
downstream device to decode, but it is not added to the output time code.
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To configure an output time code auxiliary offset:


1. Set the time code format and user bit format for a specified time code output.

Select the time code output for which to configure an auxiliary offset:
OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC SELECT. Select a time code output.

Select a time code format for the selected time code output: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT
TIME CODE\OUT TC FORMAT. Select a format.

Select SMPTE 12M with the Leitch extensions as the time code user bit format:
OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC USER BITS\LEITCH12M.

2. Set and enable the time code auxiliary offset.

Set a value for the output time code auxiliary offset: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC
OFFSET\AUX OFFSET. Select a value. For this parameter, the values are set in 30
minutes (0.5 hour) intervals between 0 and 12.0 (hours).

Select if the offset value that is set for the AUX Plus/Minus parameter to be a positive
or negative value: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC OFFSET\AUX PLUS MINUS. Select
either Plus or Minus. The resulting minimum value that can be set for the Output
Time Code Aux parameter is -11.5. If the OTC AUX parameter is set to 12 and this
parameter to minus, the device interprets the combined offset setting to be +12.0
instead of -12.

Enable the output time code auxiliary offset: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC


OFFSET\AUX OFFSET ENABLE\ON.

Applying Output LTC Phasing


Using the VSG-410s Linear Time Code phasing controls, phase settings for the LTC1 and
LTC2 outputs can be configured. Phasing settings are not supported for Vertical Interval Time
Code (VITC). For each LTC output, set and store output video phasing values for each video
standard. For example, if configuring LTC1, set the output LTC phasing values for both NTSC
(29.97 fps) non-drop frame and 25 fps time code formats. The device then stores these values
and recalls them when setting the selected LTC output time code format to either NTSC (29.97
fps) or non-drop frame 25 fps.
NOTE: The 24 fps non-drop frame time code format does not support time code phasing controls.

There are three phasing controls for Linear Time Code (LTC) phasing: Output Time Code Clock
Offset, Output Time Code Line, and Output Time Code Frame Offset (all located in
OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC OFFSET). These three time code phasing controls combine to provide
an overall phasing offset to the outgoing LTC.
NOTE: If the Output Time Code Sync CF (OUTPUT\OUTPUT TC JAM\OUT TC SYNC CF) is set to ON,
the phasing controls will be applied on top of the current color-frame relationship.

Each phase control parameter has a positive maximum value on its adjustment scale. Table 3-16
lists the maximum time code phasing values for each time code format.

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Table 3-16. Maximum Output Time Code Phasing Values


Time Code Standard

Output Time Code


Clock Offset (s)

Output TC Line Offset


(lines)

Output Time Code Frame


Offset (frames)

NTSC (29.97 fps) non-drop frame

63.519

524

29

NTSC (29.97 fps) drop frame

63.519

524

29

30 fps non-drop frame

63.519

524

29

25 fps

63.963

624

24

24 fps

Not applicable

Not Applicable

23

Configuring LTC Output Phasing Controls

Configure LTC output phasing controls for a selected black burst by performing the following
steps:
1. Select an LTC time code output to configure: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT
TC SELECT. Select either LTC1 or LTC2.
2. Select the time code standard to which the output video phasing controls are to be
applied. OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC FORMAT. Separate output time
code phasing values for the following time code formats: NTSC (29.97 fps) non-drop
frame, NTSC (29.97 fps) drop frame, 30 fps non-drop frame, 24 fps non-drop frame, and
25 fps. Settings for these time code standards are stored and are then recalled when the
video standard is selected.
3. Set a value for the output time code: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC OFFSET\CLOCK
OFFSET. Select the time value.
4. Set the value for the output time code line offset: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC
OFFSET\LINE OFFSET. Select the line value.
5. Set the value for the output time code frame offset: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC
OFFSET\FRAME OFFSET. Select the frame value.
Applying an Output Time Code Jam Sync
Use the output time code jam sync to correct timing errors that are introduced when NTSC frame
rates are used for output time code. Because of its fractional frame rate (29.97 fps), NTSC
accumulates a 3 frame/day error over time. This error can be minimized by configuring the
VSG-410 to apply an output time code jam sync each day. Doing so ensures that the VSG-410
outputs accurate continuous time code.
Using the output time code jam sync control, the VSG-410 can be configured to apply a manual
(immediate) output time code jam sync, or a jam sync can be scheduled to occur at a set time and
date.
Applying a Manual Output Time Code Jam Sync

To apply a manual output time code jam sync:


1. Select the time code output to which the output time code jam sync will be applied:
OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC SELECT.

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2. Apply an immediate output time code jam sync: TIME CODE\OUTPUT TC JAM\OTC J
SYNC NOW.
Scheduling an Output Time Code Jam Sync

To configure the VSG-410 for a scheduled output time code jam sync:
1. Select a time code output to which to apply an output time code jam sync:
OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC SELECT. Select a time code output.
2. Set the time when the output time code jam sync occurs: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC
JAM\OTC J SYNC TIME. The time is set in hours, minutes, and seconds (HH:MM:SS).
3. Set the date when the output time code jam sync occurs: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC
JAM\OTC J SYNC DATE. Select the date in year, month, day (YYYY-MM-DD).
4. Set the output time code jam sync frequency: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC JAM\OTC J
SYNC FREQ. Setting this parameter to 00001D instructs the device to initiate an input
jam sync once per day. To call out twice per day, set the parameter to 00012H. To call
out once every two days, set it to 00002D. Setting this parameter to 0 causes the device to
constantly attempt an output time code jam sync. For best results, leave this parameter set
to the default value of 00001D (once per day).
5. Enable the scheduled output time code jam sync: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC JAM\OTC J
SYNC ENABLE\ON. When this parameter is set to ON, the OTC J SYNC NOW
parameter is disabled.
Using LTC Discontinuity Mode
The LTC Discontinuity Mode (OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC JAM\OTC DISCON MODE)
parameter, is used to define how the VSG-410 responds to discontinuities/disruptions in the LTC
time base. Discontinuities in the LTC time base are caused by:

Change in the LTC output time code format

Updates to the input time source

Changes to the input source time zone

Changes in an output LTC phasing offset

Scheduled or manual output time code Jam syncs

There are two discontinuity mode parameter selections:

Hard Jam Sync: Setting the parameter to this selection will interrupt the output LTC stream
and then restart the output with the updated time, date, and time base information.

Soft Jam Sync: Setting the parameter to this selection will not interrupt the output LTC
stream. Only the output time code payload will be updated with time and date information.
Because the LTC stream is not interrupted and updated, there may be a small error in the
time and date information. An error of -1/+1 frames may be present for NTSC 2 frames for
PAL, and frame for 24 or 30 fps time bases.

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LTC Discontinuity Mode Operational Considerations

The following information should be considered when determining which LTC discontinuity
mode to use. Setting the Output TC Sync CF (OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC JAM\OUT TC SYNC
CF) parameter to ON ensures that the corresponding LTC output and color frame relationship is
maintained. This setting may be required when disruptions to the LTC output occur due to
phasing offsets, programmable offsets, and leap second or DST changes.
NOTE: In soft jam sync mode, the OUTPUT SYNC CF parameter ensures that the color frame
relationship is maintained; however, this does not mean that the time code is color frame aligned to the
output video.

If you change the LTC time code output format (OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC
FORMAT) when the Output Time Code Discontinuity Mode parameter is set to Soft Jam sync,
the LTC output will be misaligned with respect to the internal TAI time base.
Setting the LTC Discontinuity Mode

To set the LTC Discontinuity Mode:


1. Select the LTC time code output to which to apply an output time code jam sync:
OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC SELECT. Set the parameter to LTC1 or
LTC2.
2. Set the output time code discontinuity mode for the selected LTC time code output:
(OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TC JAM\OTC DISCON MODE). Select Hard Jam or Soft Jam.
Setting the Output Time Code Mode
The Output Time Code Mode (OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC MODE) parameter
is used to configure the VSG-410 to emulate some Leitch TCC-1302 Time Code Converter
features. If the input source reference is LTC or VITC and the user bit format is SMPTE-12M
with Leitch extensions, use the Clear User Bits and Copy User Bits features.
There are three Output Time Code Mode parameter selections:

SendDate: Date information is stored in the time code output.

ClearUBits: All user bit information is cleared from the time code output (meaning no date,
auxiliary offset, or time zone information is present in the output).

CopyUBits: All user bit information is copied from the time code input source to the time
code output.

NOTE: If the Time Code Read Date and Time Code Read Auxiliary parameters are set to ON, the userbit information can be processed by the VSG-410.

To set the LTC discontinuity mode:


1. Select the time code output to which to apply the output time code mode settings:
OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC SELECT. Select the time code output.
2. Set the output time code mode for the selected time code output: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT
TIME CODE\OUT TC MODE. Select a mode.

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Setting Output Time Code to UTC Time


Using the Output Time Code UTC Time parameter, set a time code output to the output time
code based on UTC time. When the time code output is set to UTC time, no time zone or DST
changes are applied to the time code output.
NOTE: If a leap second change is pending, the output Time Code LS Time (OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME
CODE\OUT TC LS TIME) parameter displays the corresponding UTC time that the leap second change is
to occur. After the leap second change is complete, the Output Time LS Time is set to NOT APPLIED.

To set a time code output to UTC time:


1. Select the time code output to which the UTC time is to be set: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT
TIME CODE\OUT TC SELECT. Select a time code output.
2. Set the output time code to UTC time: OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT TC
UTC TIME\ON.
Generating Continuous TCC Output
Configure the VSG-410 to generate continuous time output through the RS-232 serial port
connection. The VSG-410 outputs converted time in an ASCII format similar to the TCC-1302
output. Using the serial TCC LTC destination control (OUTPUTS\OUTPUT TIME CODE\OUT
TC SELECT) parameter, configure the VSG-410 to synchronize the converted time output with
one of the linear time code (LTC) outputs. Using the serial TCC output mode, choose to include
frames with the output time code. This option is available for TCC sources with a baud rate of
4800 or 9600 only.
To configure the VSG-410 for continuous TCC output:
1. Set the serial TCC baud rate and the TCC control mode.

Set the serial source to a TCC output with the appropriate baud rate: REFERENCE
INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL SOURCE. Select TCC300, TCC600, TCC1200,
TCC2400, TCC4800, TCC9600.

Set the serial TCC control mode: OUTPUTS\SERIAL OUTPUT\TCC CONTROL


MODE\OUTPUTTIME.

2. Set the serial TCC output controls.

Set the TCC output to TIMEONLY to output time information only, or to


TIMEFRAME to output time and frame information: OUTPUTS\SERIAL
OUTPUT\TCC OUTPUT MODE. Select TimeOnly or TimeFrames.

Select which LTC output is to be synchronized with the TCC output:


OUTPUTS\SERIAL OUTPUT\TCC LTC DEST. Select LTC1 or LTC2.

Configuring the VSG-410 to Function with a PC though the RS-232 Port


The VSG-410 should be configured with the following settings to work with a PC when using an
RS-232 serial port connection:
1. Set the serial TCC baud rate and the TCC control mode.

90

Set the serial source of the TCC output to match the PC serial port baud rate:
REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL SOURCE. Select TCC300,
TCC600, TCC1200, TCC2400, TCC4800, TCC9600.
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Set the serial TCC control mode to Output Time: OUTPUTS\SERIAL


OUTPUT\TCC CONTROL MODE\OUTPUTTIME.

2. Set the serial TCC output control to TIMEONLY to output time information only, or set
the controls to TIMEFRAME to output time and frame information:
OUTPUTS\SERIAL OUTPUT\TCC OUTPUT MODE. Select TimeOnly or
TimeFrames.

Clock
The Clock menu is used to set the displayed time, establish the time zone, set daylight saving
time, and establish the local offset and input jam.

Display Time
Display Time is a read-only menu that is used to display the time/date settings on the LCD.

Time Display Time Display is used to display the current time

Date Date is used to display the date for the display.

Time Zone Used to display the time zone.

DST DST is used to show if Daylight Savings Time is enabled or disabled.

Locale Used to show the time for the location at which the machine is set.

Leap Year Leap Year is used to display if leap year is disabled and enabled.

Leap Seconds Indicates the prevailing leap seconds offset in the system.

Leap Seconds Changed Leap Seconds Changed is displayed if a leap second change
occurred at the output.

Set Time
The Set Time menu is used to set the date and time information. The date and time information
can be set manually by the internal menu selections, or it can be set externally using an external
trigger.
Setting the Time and Date Manually
To set the time and date manually:
1. Set the Current Time by using the CLOCK\SET TIME\SET TIME submenu.
2. Set the current date by using the CLOCK\SET TIME\SET DATE submenu.
3. Initiate the new day and date settings using the CLOCK\SET TIME\SET TIME NOW
menu. Once the selection is made and the ENTER button is pressed, the menu selection
returns to OFF. DST and DST TIMEDATE should be used when in the daylight savings
time of the year. See 3-92 to 3-94 for setting up when DST time occurs.
4. Check the time and date using the CLOCK\DISPLAY TIME\TIME DISPLAY menu.
Setting the Time and Date Using an External Trigger
To set the time and date using an external trigger:
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1. Set the CLOCK\SET TIME\TRIG/PPS menu to TRIGGER.


2. Set what time and date information appears from the external trigger by selecting a menu
item in the CLOCK\SET TIME\SET TIME TRIG menu. When Set Time Trig is enabled,
then Set Time Now becomes disabled.
3. Connect the 5V TTL compatible trigger source to the trigger terminator of the breakout
board.
4. Wait for the trigger. Check the time and date using the CLOCK\DISPLAY TIME\TIME
DISPLAY menu.
Setting the Time Zone and Locale
The time zone parameter and locale parameter perform similar functions. Therefore, when Set
Locale is set to a valid locale, Set Time Zone will be disabled. If Daylight Savings Time Mode is
not set to AutoDST, then the DST rules that apply to a particular locale will not be in effect.

To set the Time Zone that matches the region select CLOCK\SET TIME\SET TIME ZONE.

To set the locale to match the region select CLOCK\SET TIME\SET LOCALE.

NOTE: Time Zone or locale settings should not be changed while the VSG-410 is running with any
scheduled events. A change in the SET TIME ZONE setting will temporarily cause the time to shift as it
stabilizes the change. During this shift, an event that is scheduled within the time zone or locale change
may be triggered in the process.

Using Manual Daylight Savings Time Mode


Using the Daylight Savings Time (DST) mode submenu provides several options for setting up
the DST rules. The DST MODE selections are:

NoDST: No DST rule is applied.

AutoDST: DST rules are based on the SetLoc parameter setting

InputDST: DST rule is based on the input source, provided that the current input source
supports automatic DST detection.

ManualDST: DST rules are user-defined.

NOTE: If a DST Off event has occurred and the time has not moved back by one hour, then change the
time again, toggle the Manual DST Edge Trigger to Manual DST Enable controls from ON to OFF and
then back to ON, or change the DST Mode or Set Locale parameters. Changing many of the parameters
may cause a DST Off event to reoccur.

Setting Up Manual DST Rules


The manual DST rule is set using a seven-character string that specifies when to enable DST.
Since DST can not be set using an absolute date, the string specifies a relative date such as the
first Sunday in April or last Sunday in October. For example, to enable DST on the first Sunday
of April, the string for the Manual DST On Rule parameter is W1D7M11. Table 3-17 describes
each string character.

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Table 3-17. Example String for Manual DST Rule


String Characters

Value Descriptions for WFD7M11

WF

W1 specifies the first week of the month where:

D7

M11

W Represents week (there are no other options)

F Represents first, as in the first week of the month. Other selections include 2 (for the
second), 3 (for the third), 4 (for the fourth), and L (for the Last week of the month).

D7 specifies day seven of the week (Sunday) where:

D Represents day (there are no other options).

7 Represents the seventh day of the week, Sunday. You can choose between the
following options to specify the other days of the week: 1 (Monday), 2 (Tuesday), 3
(Wednesday), 4 (Thursday), 5 (Friday), 6 (Saturday)

M11 specifies the eleventh month of the year (November) where:

M represents month

11 represents the eleventh month of the year. All the other months of the year can be
specified by using 01 (January) through 12 (December)

To set a manual DST rule to enable DST at a specified relative date:


1. Set the CLOCK\SET TIME\SET DST MODE to MANUAL DST.
2. Set the time to have DST enabled by setting the time in the CLOCK\MANUAL
DST\MAN DST ON TIME menu.
3. Set the CLOCK\MANUAL DST\MANUAL DST RULE string to the appropriate time.
See Table 3-17 for more information.
4. Set the trigger to enable DST on the date specified by the manual DST rule in the
CLOCK\MANUAL DST\MANUAL DST EDGE TRIGGER menu by selecting the ON
menu.
To set a manual DST rule to disable DST at a specified relative date:
1. Set the CLOCK\SET TIME\SET DST MODE to MANUAL DST.
2. Set the time to have DST enabled by setting the time in the CLOCK\MANUAL
DST\MAN DST OFF TIME menu.
3. Set the CLOCK\MANUAL DST\MAN DST ON RULE string to the appropriate time.
See Table 3-17 for more information.
4. Set the trigger to disable DST on the date specified by the manual DST rule in the
CLOCK\MANUAL DST\MANUAL DST EDGE TRIGGER menu by selecting the ON
menu item.
Immediately Enabling DST
As an alternative to manually defining DST enable and disable rules, DST can immediately be
enabled or disabled. To immediately enable or disable DST:
1. Set the CLOCK\SET TIME\SET DST MODE to MANUAL.
2. Set the CLOCK\MANUAL DST\MAN DST ENABLE to OFF (disable) or ON (enable).
The DST parameter will indicate if the local time has DST on or off.
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Applying Input DST Auto-Detection


If using the LTC or a serial input source, the VSG-410 can be configured to automatically detect
a DST change in the input source. Instead of manually programming the DST rules, this option
can be used to detect a DST change from the input source and to apply it to the VSG-410. To
configure the VSG-410 to automatically detect DST changes at the input source, two parameters
must be set: the input DST control and the input DST auto-detection control.
Setting Input DST Control

When the input DST parameter is set to ON, the VSG-410 determines whether or not the input
source is DST-enabled. This control can be set using the following parameters:

For time code inputs (LTC or VITC) set the REFERENCE INPUT\INPUT TIME
CODE\TIME CODE DST ON to ON.

For serial inputs set the REFERENCE INPUT\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL DST ON to ON.

When the parameter is set to ON, the input DST auto-detection control detects that the input
source is already DST corrected. It will not apply a one-hour offset.
Setting Input DST Auto-Detection Control

When the REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC AUTO DST or the REFERENCE
INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL AUTO DST is set to ON, any plus or minus change detected
by the VSG-410 is interpreted as a DST change, depending on these scenarios:

If the SERIAL DST ON or TC DST ON control is set to ON, and the VSG-410 detects a
negative one hour change, the device interprets the changes as the DST being disabled. The
input DST control is then set to OFF.

If the SERIAL DST ON or TC DST ON control is set to OFF, and the VSG-410 detects a
positive one hour change, the device interprets the changes as the DST being enabled. The
input DST control is then set to ON.

In any other instance, the 1 hour change will not be considered a DST change and no change
will be applied to the input DST control. Therefore, the input DST control acts as a feedback
control (which can also be updated) for the VSG-410.
This control can be set using the following parameters:

For time code inputs (LTC or VITC) set the REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME
CODE\TIME CODE DST ON to ON.

For serial inputs set the REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL DST ON to ON.

DST Operational Considerations

The following DST operational considerations apply when a time code input source is used:

If an LTC input source is used, and the input is disrupted, then the VSG-410 will not detect
the 1 hour change properly. This may occur if the LTC source cannot offset the time by 1
hour without performing a hard jam sync.

When encoding an LTC input in SMPTE-309M formats, the DST auto-detection only looks
at a 1 hour change in the local time and not a change in the time zone. If using the time
zone setting to handle DST ON/OFF events, then turn the REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT

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TIME CODE\TC READ TZ parameter to ON instead of using the DST auto-detection.


However, using the TC READ TZ parameter will not update the DST parameter.

When changing the REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC DST ON parameter by


enabling or disabling it, manual input jam sync is required before the VSG-410 applies the
parameter change.

Configuring Leap Second Changes


Leap Second changes are defined in CCIR Rec. 460-4 to occur at four periods in a year, at the
end of the following dates at UTC midnight: December 31, March 31, June 30, and September
30. Leap second changes can either be positive (when a leap second is gained), or negative
(when a leap second is lost).
In most cases, the VSG-410 can be set to automatically detect leap second changes from the
input time source. It can also be manually configured for upcoming leap second changes. To
configure the VSG-410 for manual leap second changes:
1. Configure the VSG-410 to make the leap second change on the appropriate date
according to the UTC time using the CLOCK\MANUAL DST\LEAP SECOND DATE
menu. The leap second changes will be applied at the end of the designated date at UTC
midnight.
2. Configure the VSG-410 to schedule the leap second change at the appropriate local time
using the CLOCK\MANUAL DST\LEAP SECOND TIME. Using this parameter ensures
that outputs, such as LTC, receive leap second changes at local times instead of UTC
time.
Leap second changes must be programmed at 30 seconds before UTC midnight on the date of the
change. If a leap second change is programmed after UTC midnight, the VSG-410 will make the
change when the date occurs the following year.
The VSG-410 currently maintains a list of historic leap seconds.
Configuring a Leap Second Change at UTC Time

To manually configure the VSG-410 to make leap second changes to the UTC time:
1. Set the date of the leap second change by selecting CLOCK\MANAUAL DST\LEAP
SECOND DATE. Set the parameter to December31, June30, March31, or September30.
2. Set the Value for the leap second change by selecting CLOCK\MANUAL
DST\LEAPSECOND DELTA. Set the parameter to 1, 0, or 1. Entering 1 results in a
negative leap second change. In this case the time would read 23:59:58, 00:00:00,
00:00:01. Entering +1 results in a positive leap second change. In this case the time
would read 23:59:59, 23:59:60, 00:00:00.
3. Enable the Leap Second Trigger by selecting CLOCK\MANUAL DST\LEAP SECOND
TRIGGER. Set the parameter to ON.
Configuring a Leap Second Change at Local Time

Leap second changes occur at UTC midnight, which may not be the most appropriate time to
update the local time with change. The CLOCK\MANUAL DST\LEAP SECOND TIME
parameter can be used to set the most appropriate local time to implement the leap second
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change. When a leap second change parameter is updated, the leap seconds are to be applied to
the next available local time that the LTC and TCC will output. When the CLOCK\DISPLAY
TIME\LEAP SECOND CHANGED is set to ON, the leap seconds change is applied to the
LEAP SECONDS TIME.
NOTE: If an LTC output discontinuity occurs when the LEAP SECONDS TRIGGER parameter is ON, but
before the LEAP SECOND TIME passes, the leap second is automatically applied during the LTC
discontinuity. The LEAP SECOND TRIGGER is then set to OFF.

To set the local time for leap second change and to determine if a UTC leap second change has
occurred:
1. Set the local time when the leap second change is to be applied by selecting
CLOCK\MANUAL DST\LEAP SECOND TIME. Set the time in hours, minutes, and
seconds (HH:MM:SS).
2. Determine if a leap second change has occurred in the UTC time by selecting
CLOCK\DISPLAY TIME\LEAP SECOND CHANGED. The parameter will display ON
or OFF.
NOTE: The LEAP SECOND TIME parameter is also used by the auto leap second detection parameter.

Applying Input Leap Second Auto-Detection


If using an LTC or serial input source, the VSG-410 can be configured to automatically detect a
leap second change in the input source. Instead of manually programming leap second rules, set
a leap second detection parameter that detects a leap second change in the input source. When a
leap second change is detected around one of the four designated periods when a leap second
change is valid (either December 31, March 31 June 30, or September 30), the VSG-410
interprets the change as a leap second change, and updates the leap second count in the VSG-410
accordingly.
To configure the VSG-410 to automatically detect leap second changes at the input source, use
one of the following parameters:

For Time Code inputs (LTC or VITC) use REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC
AUTO LS.

For Serial inputs use REFERENCE INPUTS\SERIAL INPUT\SERIAL HMS LS.

Because these input sources pass in local time, the actual leap second change may not occur at
UTC midnight of the appropriate leap second change dates. As a result, the VSG-410 maintains a
time window where any 1 second change may be properly interpreted as a valid leap second
change. The time window starts from 10 seconds prior to the UTC midnight on the day that a
leap second change can occur, to 3 days and 99 minutes after this UTC midnight period. When a
leap second change is detected, the Leap Seconds parameter is updated and the LEAP
SECONDS TIME parameter is read to determine the next available local time the leap seconds is
to be applied to the LTC and TCC outputs. The CLOCK\DISPLAY TIME\LEAP SECONDS
CHANGED parameter is set to ON, and the leap seconds change is applied to the
CLOCK\MANUAL DST\LEAP SECONDS TIME, and then set to OFF.
To configure the VSG-410 to automatically detect leap seconds in the input source and to
schedule this leap second change at a specific local time:
1. Set the leap second auto-detection control for the specified input source using the
REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC AUTO LS menu. The parameter
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should be set to ON. The parameter used here is for leap second auto-detection in a time
code source input.
2. Set the local time when the leap second change is applied by setting CLOCK\MANUAL
DST\LEAP SECOND TIME. Set the time in hours, minutes, and seconds (HH:MM:SS).
3. Determine if a leap second change has occurred in UTC time by selecting
CLOCK\DISPLAY TIME\LEAP SECOND CHANGED. The parameter will display ON
or OFF.
Leap Second Auto-Detection Operational Considerations

If an LTC input source is used, and the input is disrupted, then the VSG-410 may not be able
to detect the 1 second change properly. This may occur if the source can not offset the time
by 1 second without performing an input jam sync.

For inputs that call out for time, if the call out causes an LTC output discontinuity, the leap
second will be immediately applied to the LTC outputs and the LEAP SEC CHANGED
parameter turned OFF.

Local Offset
Local Offset can be used to change the way in which the local time is calculated from TAI time.
The local offset is set using a string that is comprised of numeric values between 99999 to
+99999 and a time unit. Local offsets can be applied at any time with any input source and are
cumulative. The local offset stays in effect until a new time is entered into the system through the
front-panel controls, or from an available input source.
An immediate local offset can be applied to the time, or the offset delay control can be used to
schedule a specific time when the offset is applied.
Applying an Immediate Local Offset
To apply an immediate local offset:
1. Set the local offset value by selecting CLOCK\LOCAL OFFSET\LOCAL OFFSET and
input the value string. The offset value string consists of a value between 99999 and
+99999 and a time unit that is described in Table 3-4 on page 29.
2. Apply the Local Offset now by setting CLOCK\LOCAL OFFSET\LOCAL OFFSET
NOW to ON.
Applying a Local Offset Delay
To apply a local offset at a specified time:
1. Set the local offset value by selecting CLOCK\LOCAL OFFSET\LOCAL OFFSET and
input the value string. The offset value string consists of a value between 99999 and
+99999 and a time unit that is described in Table 3-4 on page 29.
2. Set the time when the local offset is to be applied by setting the CLOCK\LOCAL
OFFSET\LOCAL OFFSET TIME. The time is set in hours, minutes, and seconds
(HH:MM:SS).

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3. Set the date when the local offset is to be applied by setting CLOCK\LOCAL
OFFSET\LOCAL OFFSET DATE. The date is in year, month, and day.
4. Enable the Local Offset Delay by setting CLOCK\LOCAL OFFSET\LOCAL OFFSET
TRIGGER to ON. After the offset is applied, this parameter returns to OFF. Also, when
the Local Offset Delay is set to ON, the Local Offset Now parameter is disabled.

Input Jam
When the VSG-410 is locked to a reference input, input jam sync updates the main internal time
keeping mechanism with time from the reference input. After the internal TAI time base is
updated, all outputs are updated accordingly. An input jam sync automatically occurs when the
VSG-410 calls out to an input reference to obtain time, date, and time base information. Also,
using input jam sync controls configure the device to apply an input jam sync either immediately
or at a set time and date. In each case, specific parameter settings must be made and certain
conditions must occur for an input jam sync to be initiated. The following three scenarios
describe what initiates the input jam sync using the input jam sync controls.
Scenario 1
In this Input Jam Sync scenario, the time base for the devices current input source is either a
10 MHz source or a video genlock source. An Input Jam Sync occurs when the following input
sources are set and the conditions are met:
Input Source

Conditions

The Current Input Source (REFERENCE


INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE) is
set to one of the following input sources:

Current TAI time is equal to or passed present jam


sync time (determined by jam sync controls) see
Scheduling an Input Jam Sync Using Jam Sync
Controls on page 99 for more information.

CLOCK\INPUT JAM\INPUT JAM NOW is set to ON.


see Scheduling an Input Jam Sync Using Jam
Sync Controls on page 99 for more information.

The Current input source switches to a source with


genlock time base, such as LTC_Video.

GPS_10M or GPS_Video (for GPS-1600)

LTC_10M or LTC_Video

NTP_10M or NTP_Video

Ser_10M or Ser_Video (SerSrc set to TCC_xxxx


and SerTccCtrl set to ClientMode

10M

Video

Scenario 2
In this Input Jam Sync scenario, the device calls out to an input time reference source. An input
jam sync occurs when the following input sources are set and the conditions are met:
Input Source

Conditions

The Current Input Source (REFERENCE


INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE) is
set to one of the following input sources:

Time is set from information received from a call out


to an input time reference, such as a callout to a
GPS receiver (REFERENCE INPUTS\GPS
INPUT\GPS CALL TIME)

Time is set manually using the CLOCK\SET


TIME\SET TIME NOW parameter.

Time is set using an external trigger in the


CLOCK\SET TIME\SET TIME TRIGGER.

GPS (for GPS-5300 and GPS-3902/3901)

Serial (with the SerSrc parameter set to CSD)

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Scenario 3
In this Input Jam Sync scenario, the time base for the current input source (INPUT
STATUS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE) is controlled by the software Phase Lock
Loop and not from an external reference source (10 MHz or Genlock). An input jam sync occurs
when the following input sources are set and the conditions met:
Input Source

Conditions

The Current Input Source (REFERENCE


INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE) is
set to one of the following input sources:

The difference (absolute error) between the system


TAI time and the input reference time is greater
than 0.5 seconds.

If INPUT STATUS\MTG FREQ LOCK changes from


Data No Lock to Data Lock.

LTC or GPS (for GPS-1600)

NTP

Serial

Serial (with the SerSrc parameter set to TCC_xxxx


and SerTccCtrl set to ClientMode).

Applying a Manual Jam Sync


The Input Jam Now parameter (CLOCK\INPUT JAM\MTG or TSG IN JAM NOW) is used to
apply an immediate input jam sync. In some cases, a manual input jam sync is the only way in
which parameter changes can take effect when they are applied. These special cases are
described in Table 3-18.
Table 3-18. Parameter Change Descriptions
Parameter Changed

Parameter Change Description

Time Code Offset (REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME


CODE\TC OFFSET)

Changing the value of this parameter requires a manual


Input Sync Jam. Set the time code input offset value to 0
before applying the input jam sync.

Time Code Read Date (REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT


TIME CODE\TC READ DATE)

Changing this parameter from OFF to ON requires a


manual input sync jam. Set the parameter before
applying the input jam sync.

Time Code DST (REFERENCE INPUTS\TC DST ON)


and Time Code Auto DST (REFERENCE
INPUTS\INPUT TIME CODE\TC AUTO DST)

Changing these parameters by enabling or disabling the


parameter requires a manual input jam sync. Set the TC
DST ON and TC AUTO DST parameters before applying
the input jam sync.

Time Code Auto DST (REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT


TIME CODE\TC AUTO DST)

Enabling or disabling this parameter.

Time Code Select (REFERENCE INPUTS\INPUT TIME


CODE\TC INPUT SELECT)

Any change in the type of linear time code (LTC) input


requires a manual input jam sync (For example, when
the input LTC changes from Leitch12M to
SMPTE_309M).

NOTE: Do not perform a manual jam sync during a leap second transition. Configure the TC AUTO LS
parameter before performing an input jam sync.

Apply an immediate input jam sync by selecting CLOCK\INPUT JAM\IN JAM NOW to ON.
Scheduling an Input Jam Sync Using Jam Sync Controls
To configure a scheduled input jam sync:

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1. Set the time when the input jam sync is to occur: CLOCK\INPUT JAM\IN JAM NOW
TIME. Set the time in hours, minutes, and seconds (HH:MM:SS).
2. Set the time when the Input Jam Sync is to occur: CLOCK\INPUT JAM\IN JAM DATE.
Set the date in year, month, and day (YYYY-MM-DD).
3. Set the input jam sync frequency: CLOCK\INPUT JAM\IN JAM FREQUENCY. The
frequency is a string. Setting the parameter to 00001D instructs the device to initiate an
input jam sync once per day. To call out twice per day, set the parameter to 00012H. To
call out once every two days, set it to 00002D. For the best results, leave this parameter at
the default value 00001D (once per day).
Using the Input Jam Error
The Input Jam Error (INPUT STATUS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG or TSG IN TIME JAM
ERROR) parameter detects any discrepancy between the VSG-410 and the TAI time and time
reference input. You can use it to track time differences that are due to:

Video frame alignment when using a genlock time base

Drift due to different time bases being used for the input source and for the VSG-410

A positive Input Jam Error value indicates that the VSG-410 system TAI time is ahead of the
reference time. When it is negative, it indicates that the TAI time is behind the reference time.
The Input Time Error has a range of 0 s to 9.999s and indicates Overflow if the difference
exceeds the indicated range.
Setting the Trig/PPS Control
The Trigger PPS Select parameter in the Input Jam menu is used to designate a cable pin to
either receive PPS information from the GPS receiver or to set the time and date using the cable
pin as an external trigger. In most cases, Pin 9 of the supplied cabling is used to carry the PPS
signal or the trigger signal.
When Trigger PPS Select parameter is set to PPS, the VSG-410 can lock to the incoming GPS
timing information through a designated pin. In most cases, Pin 9 of the supplied cabling is used
to transport the PPS signal. To enable PPS select CLOCK\SET TIME\TRIGGER PPS
SELECT\PPS.
When Trigger PPS Select is set to TRIG, the Set Time Trigger (CLOCK\SET TIME\SET TIME
TRIGGER) parameter can be set to determine when a particular time and/or date will take effect.
When the TRIG/PPS signal connects to the GND signal, and the Set Time Trig is set, the time
and/or date indicated in the Time and Date set controls will be applied to the VSG-410. To set
the Trigger PPS Select parameter to Trig select CLOCK\SET TIME\TRIGGER PPS
SELECT\TRIG.

Network Time Protocol (NTP) Support


The VSG-410 supports Network Time Protocol (NTP) through the ntp-4.1.1a software
distribution application. This application is a sophisticated, hybrid client/server application
capable of acquiring time and date information from NTP servers, and then distributing this
information to NTP clients. For more information on the NTP project, visit the NTP website at
www.ntp.org.
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NTP-4.1.1A Copyright
The following copyright notice applied to the ntp-4.1.1a software implementing the Network
Time Protocol (NTP) on the VSG-410, and to all documentation in this manual.
*****************************************************************************
Copyright David L. Mills 1992 2007
Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its documentation for any
purpose and without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice appears in
all copies and that both the copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting
documentation, and that the name University of Delaware not be used in advertising or publicity
pertaining to distribution of the software without specific, written prior permission. The
University of Delaware makes no representations about the suitability this software for any
purpose. It is provided as is without express or implied warranty.
*****************************************************************************

VSG-410 Network Time Protocol Support


The VSG-410 NTP application continuously performs client and server operations. Depending
on how to configure the device, the VSG-410 can function as an NTP client and/or an NTP
server. Figure 3-3 illustrates how the VSG-410 and the NTP application operate together.
Figure 3-3. ntp-4.1.1A VSG-410 Relationship

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Configuring the VSG-410 for NTP Support


The following sections describe how to configure the VSG-410 as an NTP client or NTP server.
The VSG-410 network connection performs the following functions:

Receives and sends time information for NTP client and server operations. When the
VSG-410 is configured for use as an NTP client or NTP server, the Ethernet connection is
used to communicate with other NTP servers and clients. If using the VSG-410 as an NTP
client, configure one of the input source parameters (REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT
INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE, BACKUP SOURCE 1, or BACKUP SOURCE 2) for NTP
input.

Communicates with the network or local PC so that NTP configuration files can be
uploaded to the VSG-410. Depending on if using the device as a client or a server,
configuration files may need to be uploaded to the VSG-410. The NTP configuration file
provides the device with IP addresses of NTP servers from which it can receive time and date
information. The NTP configuration file also provides the IP address which identifies the
VSG-410 as an NTP server.

Configuring the NTP Control Parameters


Obtain an Ethernet network address and a Subnet mask address (and Gateway IP Address if
required) from the network administrator. A gateway may need to be set up for routing IP
packets to remote networks. If a gateway is not required, leave the Gateway IP Address
parameter blank.
To use the VSG-410 as an NTP client, configure one of the devices input source parameters
(REFERENCE INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE, Backup Source 1, Backup
Source 2) for NTP input. To configure the NTP control parameters and set the devices network
addresses, follow these steps:
1. To enable NTP and set the devices Ethernet IP addresses, make the following selections:

Enable NTP: NTP\NTP ENABLE\ON.

Enable the Subnet Mask IP address: NTP\IP ADDRESS MASK\255.255.255.0


(default). The address can change from 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255.

Enter the Ethernet IP Address: NTP\IP ADDRESS\192.168.1.1 (default). The address


can change from 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255.

If required, enter the IP address of the Ethernet Gateway: NTP\GATEWAY


ADDRESS\192.168.1.2 (default). The address can change from 0.0.0.0 to
255.255.255.255. The Gateway IP address that is used must be different from the
devices IP address (otherwise NTP support will not work).

2. If using the VSG-410 as an NTP client, configure the device so that NTP is designated as
an input source (primary input, first backup, or second backup by selecting REFERENCE
INPUTS\CURRENT INPUT\MTG INPUT SOURCE, BACKUP SOURCE 1, BACKUP
SOURCE 2\NTP).

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Using NTP Configuration Files


The VSG-410 is shipped with an NTP configuration (ntp.conf) file loaded on the device. By
default, this file configures the VSG-410 for use as an NTP server. The ntp.conf file provides an
IP address that identifies the VSG-410 as a NTP server so that NTP clients can communicate
with the VSG-410 to obtain time and date information. If you want to use the VSG-410 as an
NTP client, the NTP configuration file must be edited. Use a text editor to edit or create a new
NTP configuration (ntp.conf) files. After editing the files, upload the file to the VSG-410 using a
PC that is on the network as the device. If the VSG-410 is not on the same network as the local
PC, connect the VSG-410 directly to the PC.
NOTE: Before downloading or uploading the devices ntp.conf file, connect the VSG-410 to a network,
and then configure the NTP control parameters.

The following sections describe how to download the NTP configuration (ntp.conf) file to a local
PC, edit it, and then upload it to the VSG-410.
Validating the VSG-410 Network Connection

Before downloading the ntp.conf file, it is recommended to verify the devices network or direct
connection with the local PC by using the DOS ping command.
To validate the connection:
1. From the PCs Start menu choose ACCESSORIES\COMMAND PROMPT. The
command prompt dialog box appears. (If the command prompt option can not be found
select START\RUN and type cmd in the run dialog box).
2. In the command prompt, type ping followed by the devices Ethernet IP address (for
example ping 192.168.1.1). Once the line is entered, press the ENTER button.
Reply indications containing bytes, time, and TTL values will return to indicate that the
connection was successfully validated.
If a Request Timed Out message appears, the network communication validation failed. If the
connection failed, check the following:

Ensure that the Ethernet cable is properly inserted into the ETHERNET connector on the
back of the VSG-410. Ensure that the other end of the cable is connected to the network
connection, network hub, or local PC.

Ensure that all the correct Ethernet Addresses and Subnet Masks (IP Address Mask
parameter value) have been entered for the device. Ensure that the Subnet Mask address
matches the same address that the local PC is using.

Ensure that the correct IP address has been entered into the DOS prompt dialog box after the
ping command.

Downloading the Devices ntp.conf File to a Local PC

If the device has been successfully validated to the network connection, use the command
prompt to access the VSG-410 and download the ntp.conf file. To download the VSG-410
ntp.conf file:
1. From the START menu select ACCESSORIES\COMMAND PROMPT.

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2. Once the command prompt appears, type ftp and the devices Ethernet address and then
press Enter (example: ftp 192.168.1.1). The prompt dialog box should be similar to
Figure 3-4.
Figure 3-4. FTP Response

3. At the prompt, type leitch after the User <network address>, and then press Enter.
4. Type LeitchAdmin for the password, and then press ENTER. The Command Prompt
dialog box should be similar to the picture shown in Figure 3-5.
Figure 3-5. ftpadmin Response

5. Access the devices ntp.conf file by typing cd /MTG-3901/fl0 (the letter L, not a 1), and
then press Enter. The command Prompt should indicate Currently in MTG-3901/fl0.
6. Download a copy of the modules ntp.conf file to the local PC by typing get ntp.conf,
and then pressing Enter. The Command Prompt dialog box should appear similar to the
example shown in Figure 3-6.
Figure 3-6. Get ntp.conf Response

7. A copy of the devices ntp.conf file should now be on the local PC from the directory
where the ftp was performed.
8. Close the FTP session by typing Quit, and then press Enter.
Editing and Creating NTP Configuration Files
By default, the VSG-410 is loaded with an ntp.conf file that configures the module for use as an
NTP server. Figure 3-7 displays the contents of the devices ntp.conf file.

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Figure 3-7. Default ntp.conf File

In Figure 3-7, the lines with comment notation (#) are ignored by the VSG-410. The line, server
127.127.42.0 minpoll 4 # NTP server configuration, does not have comment notation and
therefore this information is read by the VSG-410. This line identifies the VSG-410 as an NTP
server.
To use the VSG-410 as an NTP client, the default NTP configuration file must be updated. The
easiest way to do this is to add comment notation (#) to the last line of the file so that the
VSG-410 ignores the information in that line. Then, remove the # from a line that has an NTP
server IP address so that the VSG-410 reads the information. Figure 3-8 displays an updated
ntp.conf file that configures the VSG-410 for use as an NTP client.
Figure 3-8. Updated ntp.conf File

Ensure that the NTP configuration file is saved as ntp.conf. Otherwise, the device will not be
able to read the file. When the updated ntp.conf file is uploaded to the VSG-410, the device will
then read the line in the file that has no comment notation. It will then use the NTP server IP
address to obtain time and date information.
NOTE: The server IP addresses shown in the example in Figure 3-8 were valid at the time of printing the
manual, but may have changed since then. Accuracy of the time information provided by the NTP servers
listed above may vary.

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Uploading the Updated NTP Configuration File to the VSG-410


After modifying the VSG-410s ntp.conf file, upload it to the VSG-410. To upload the updated
ntp.conf file to the VSG-410 perform the following steps:
1. Access the PCs Command Prompt by selecting START\ACCESSORIES\COMMAND
PROMPT.
2. In the Command Prompt dialog box type ftp and the devices IP address. Press Enter to
access the device. The Command Prompt dialog box should be similar to the screen
shown in Figure 3-9.
Figure 3-9. FTP Response (Upload)

3. At the Command prompt, type leitch for the User <network address>, and then press
Enter.
4. Type LeitchAdmin for the Password, and then press Enter. The command prompt
should be similar to Figure 3-10.
Figure 3-10. ntpadmin Response (Upload)

5. Access the devices ntp.conf file type at the Command prompt by typing cd /MTG3901/f10, and then press Enter. The prompt should indicate Changed directory to
MTG-3901/f10.
6. Upload the updated (or newly created) ntp.conf file to the VSG-410 at the DOS prompt
by typing put ntp.conf, and then press Enter. The Command prompt dialog box should
be similar to Figure 3-11.

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Figure 3-11. Uploading ntp.conf Screen

7. Close the ftp session by typing Quit, and press Enter.


8. Restart the VSG-410 (otherwise the updates to the ntp.conf file will not take effect).
For information about the ntp configuration file commands, options and status messages, see the
NTP Project website at www.ntp.org.
Creating Customized NTP Configuration Files
Use the text editor such as Microsoft WordPad to edit or create customized NTP configuration
(ntp.conf) files. After editing the file, upload the file to the VSG-410. When uploading a custom
NTP configuration file, the default ntp.conf file is replaced by the new file.
NOTE: Uploading customized NTP configuration files to the VSG-410 is recommended for advanced
users only. Before uploading a customized NTP configuration file, ensure that the VSG-410 operation
requires the additional functionality the customized file provides.

Using the iburst Command

Customized NTP configuration files can be created. These customized NTP configuration files
would use the iburst command to speed up the time required for NTP time and VSG-410 time to
become synchronized. If experiencing time synchronization delays, the example provided here
may help to resolve this problem. For information about NTP configuration file commands, such
as iburst, see the NTP Project website at www.ntp.org.
Figure 3-12 displays an example of an NTP configuration file that uses the iburst command.
Figure 3-12. NTP Configuration File Using the Iburst Command
#
# put your default configuration (e.g. broadcastclient) in here
#
#server 204.187.61.210 iburst minpoll 4 maxpoll 14

# www1.leitch.com

#server 204.187.61.211 iburst minpoll 4 maxpoll 14

# www2.leitch.com

#
# known stratum-1 NTP internet hosts, minpoll 8 to not flood these hosts with requests
#
#server 192.43.244.18

iburst minpoll 8 maxpoll 14 # time.nist.gov

#server 132.163.4.103

iburst minpoll 8 maxpoll 14 # time-c.timefreq.bldroc.gov

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#server 198.123.30.132

iburst minpoll 8 maxpoll 14 # ntp-nasa.arc.nasa.gov

#server 209.87.233.52

iburst minpoll 8 maxpoll 14 # toc.chu.nrc.ca

#server 132.246.168.2

iburst minpoll 8 maxpoll 14 # toc.nrc.ca

#server 216.81.158.217

iburst minpoll 8 maxpoll 14 # clock.relay.net

#server 67.64.199.49

iburst minpoll 8 maxpoll 14 # mail.tcsys.com

#server 192.5.41.40

iburst minpoll 8 maxpoll 14 # ntp0.usno.navy.mil

#server 192.5.41.41

iburst minpoll 8 maxpoll 14 # tock.usno.navy.mil

#server 140.221.8.88

iburst minpoll 8 maxpoll 14 # ntp0.mcs.anl.gov

#
server 127.127.42.0

iburst minpoll 4 maxpoll 14 # csd internal reference clock

#
authenticate no
#

Configuring Video Output On-Screen Displays


The VSG-410 can be configured to display on-screen source ID text and time code on the video
output channels. Five different source ID text strings can be generated stored. Using the
on-screen display control parameters, set the position, color, and font size of the display text.
Table 3-19 lists the text position parameter ranges for each output video standard.
Table 3-19. On-Screen Source ID Text Position Parameters
Output Video
Standard
NTSC

PAL-B

525

625

1080

720

Display Position Parameter Option Ranges


OsdSidSiz

OsdSidX

OsdSidY

Small

0 to 39

0 to 12

Large

0 to 30

0 to 10

Small

0 to 39

0 to 14

Large

0 to 30

0 to 12

Small

0 to 39

0 to 12

Large

0 to 30

0 to 10

Small

0 to 39

0 to 14

Large

0 to 30

0 to 12

Small

0 to 52

0 to 13

Large

0 to 41

0 to 12

Small

0 to 34

0 to 8

Large

0 to 27

0 to 7

The on-screen display control parameters for the source ID and timecode are similar and they are
configured in a similar way. Therefore, only on-screen display configuration is explained in the
following sections.

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Entering Source ID Text Strings


Store up to five on-screen Source ID text strings using the OSD Source ID 1 to OSD Source ID 5
parameters. Assign text strings to more than one video output at a time.
To create and store an on-screen source ID text string, do the following:
1. Access the On-Screen Source ID text strings 1 to 5: ON SCREEN DISPLAY\SRCID
TEXT 1 to 5. Enter the source ID text for the Source ID Text selection.
2. Browse through the character list. Press ENTER to select the character. Then, press
to move to the next character position. Select to delete a character and back up a
character position. Select a space character and press ENTER to end the text string.
Configuring On-Screen Source ID Displays

To enable the on-screen source ID for a selected video output:


1. Select the source ID font size: ON SCREEN DISPLAY\SOURCE ID FONT SIZE. Select
the font to be small or large.
2. Set the X (horizontal) position of the source ID text: ON SCREEN DISPLAY\SRCID X
POSITION. Enter a value.
3. Set the Y (vertical) position of the source ID text: ON SCREEN DISPLAY\SRCID Y
POSITION. Enter a value.
4. Set the source ID opacity level for the selected output, set the source ID opacity level:
ON SCREEEN DISPLAY\SOURCE ID OPAQUE. Select a value from 0 to 15.
5. Set the source ID text color: ON SCREEN DISPLAY\SOURCE ID COLOR. Select Red,
Green, White, and Black.

Alarms
The VSG-410 provides a default list of five alarms. Disable any alarm by modifying the Alarm
parameter in the Setup menu.

Enabling or Disabling an Alarm Parameter


To enable or disable an alarm parameter:
1. Select ALARMS and press ENTER.
2. Select one of the alarm parameters and press enter.
3. Select OFF (Disabled) or ON (Enabled).
4. Press Enter to activate the selection.
The Alarms are:

Input Time Lock: indicates when the input reference time is locked.

Input Frequency Lock: indicates when the input reference frequency is locked.

Impulse Short: Indicates an Impulse Short Circuit Warning.

Video Lock Stat: Indicates when the video reference is locked.


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Video Burst: Indicates when a Video Burst occurs.

Using CCS Software with the VSG-410


The section is intended to provide a brief overview of how to install and use the CCS software to
configure the VSG-410. It does not, however, provide detailed information about how to use
CCS Navigator or CCS Pilot. For information about installation and initial setup, see Section 4.

Configuring the V2A Timing Test Tool


The V2A Timing Test Tool enables the VSG-410 to generate video and audio test signals that
can be used to detect any time propagation difference that might occur in the video and audio
paths. The analyzer tool can be the Harris X75HD (or similar products).
To use the V2A Timing Test Tool, the VSG-410 is configured as the test signal transmitter,
while the X75HD is configured as the test signal receiver. To configure the X75HD as a test
signal receiver, see the X75HD/X75SD Multiple Path Converters and Frame Synchronizers
Installation and Operation Manual.
When configuring the VSG-410 as the test signal transmitter, specific output video and audio
configurations must be used. For best results, use non-black test patterns, such as color bars, as
VSG-410 output signals. Also, do not adjust the video phase of the video output. For the audio
test signal, the output test tone must have a frequency of 2000 Hz and gain of -6 dB for the Tone
Generator or -18 dB for AES audio.

Configuring a Composite Video Output as a V2A Test Signal


Transmitter
For the best results, do not adjust the video phase of the output signal to be used as the
transmitter test signal. To configure a composite output as a V2A Test Signal Transmitter:
1. Enable the composite video outputs: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\OUTPUT
ENABLE\ON. This parameter enables composite outputs 1 and 2.
2. Select an output video standard: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\OUTPUT
STANDARD. Select the video standard.
3. If NTSC is selected as the composite output video standard, enable NTSC Setup and the
10-field sequence:

Enable the NTSC setup: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\OUTPUT SETUP\ON.

Enable SMPTE 13M ten field identification signal: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE


OUTPUT\10 FIELD ENABLE\ON.

4. If selecting either NTSC or PAL-M as the output video standard, enable the color burst
and chroma output with the output signal:

110

Enable color burst: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\BURST ENABLE\ON.

Enable Chroma output: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\CHROMA


ENABLE\ON.

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5. Select a color bar test pattern:

Select a test signal: OUTPUTS\COMPOSITE OUTPUT\TEST SIGNAL. Select


either SmpBar for NTSC or Bars100 for PAL-B.

Set the output as the test video source: V/A TIMING SIGNAL\V2A VIDEO
COMPOSITE SRC.

Enable the V2A test tool: V/A TIMING SIGNAL\V2A TRANSMIT ENABLE\ON.

Configuring an SDI Video Output as a V2A Test Signal Transmitter


For best results, do not adjust the video phase of the output signal to be used as the transmitter
test signal. To configure an SDI output as a V2A Test Signal Transmitter:
1. Set the video format for each SDI video output for SDI output channel 1 and 2:
OUTPUTS\SDI OUTPUT\1 and 2 CHANGE. Select SD-SD or SD-HD. Selecting SDSD sets SDI channel 1 and channel 2 to standard definition. Use 3 and 4 CHANGE to set
the video formats for SDI channels 3 and 4.
2. Select and enable the SDI output channel to be used as the test signal transmitter:

Select an SDI output channel: OUTPUTS\SDI OUTPUT\SDI 1.

Enable the selected SDI output channel: OUTPUTS\SDI OUTPUT\SDI


ENABLE\ON.

3. Select an SDI video standard for the selected SDI output channel: OUTPUTS\SDI
OTUPUT\STANDARD SET. Select a video standard.
4. Select a test source for the selected SDI output channel: OUTPUTS\SDI
OUTPUT\OUTPUT MODE\TEST PATTERN.
5. Select the color bar test pattern.

Select a test signal: OUTPUTS\SDI OUTPUT\TEST SIGNAL\CBAR100.

Set the output as the test video source: V/A TIMING SIGNAL\V2A VIDEO
SOURCE\SDI1.

Enable the V2A Test Tool: V/A TIMING SIGNAL\V2A TRANSMIT ENABLE\ON.

Configuring the Audio Sources as a V2A Test Signal Transmitter


Configure audio sources for V2A test signal transmission:
1. Set the test signal frequency and gain:

Set the Audio test signal frequency: OUTPUTS\TONE GENERATOR\TONE 1


FREQUENCY\2000 Hz.

Set the signal gain for test tone: OUTPUTS\TONE GENERATOR\TONE 1


GAIN\-6 dBFS.

2. To select an AES audio source:

Align the AES audio output to the appropriate composite video standard:
OUTPUTS\AES OUTPUT\AES 1 ALIGN. Select NTSC or PAL-B.

Assign the audio test signal: OUTPUTS\AES OUTPUT\AES 1A SOURCE\TONE 1.


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Enable the audio output for the test: V/A TIMING SIGNAL\V2A AUDIO
SOURCE\AES1A.

3. Select an analog audio source.


4. Assign the audio test signal to the right-channel: OUTPUTS\AES OUTPUT\AUDIO
RIGHT SOURCE\TONE 1.
5. Set the audio channel gain: OUTPUTS\AES OUTPUT\AUDIO GAIN (dB)\-18 dB.
6. Enable the audio output for the test: V/A TIMING SIGNAL\V2A AUDIO
SOURCE\ANALOGRIGHT.

Setup
The Setup menu is used to recall factory parameter settings, read the Test Signal Generator
(TSG) and Master Timecode Generator (MTG) hardware and software versions, read the control
hardware and software versions, and name Presets 1 through 4.

Restoring Factory Default Parameter Settings


Use the Factory Recall (SETUP\FACTORY RECALL) parameter to restore the VSG-410
parameters to the factory default setting. After setting the parameter to On, the default settings
will be restored and the Factory Recall parameter will return to Off. This will take several
seconds.

TSG and MTG HW Ver


Selecting the TSG HW Ver or MTG HW Ver menu selections will display the current MTG or
TSG hardware version. This is a read only selection.

TSG and MTG SW Ver


Selecting the TSG SW Ver or MTG SW Ver menu selections will display the current MTG or
TSG software version. This is a read only selection.

Cont Mod HW Ver


Selecting the Cont Mod HW Ver menu selections will display the current Control Panel
hardware version. This is a read only selection.

Cont Mod SW Ver


Selecting the Cont Mod SW Ver menu selections will display the current Control Panel software
version. This is a read only selection.

Presets
Presets are used to store parameter configuration settings. A total of 4 presets can be stored.
Press PRESET button 1 to 4 to select a preset from the associated bank of presets.

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Storing Presets
To store a preset, press and hold the desired preset number button (1 to 4) for three seconds. The
LED next to the Preset number button is illuminated upon release after holding the button for
three seconds.

Recalling Presets
NOTE: Information must be stored in a preset location before being recalled.

Press any number from 1 to 4 to directly select the stored preset. If a preset does not exist for the
selected number when selected, nothing happens. Presets can take up to one minute to load.

Preset 1 to 4 Name
The Preset 1 to 4 Name menu (SETUP\PRESET 1 (to 4) NAME) is used to name preset location.
On the Preset name screen use the KNOB to select a character, ENTER to move to the next
character space. Once the name is entered on the rename screen, press the ENTER button until
the cursor returns to the first character space. The name is then saved. Press the EXIT button to
exit out of the rename screen.

Backlight Enable
Backlight enable is used to enable and disable the light behind the LCD display on the VSG-410.
Select YES to illuminate the LCD display. Select NO to turn off the light behind the LCD
display.

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Section 4 Installing Navigator and IconTools


LogoCreator
This section applies to a new installation of the VSG-410 software on a Remote PC. The PC
must at least be running Windows 2000. Also, the person installing the software must be logged
in with Administrator rights before beginning the installation.

Navigator
To install the Navigator software:
1. Insert the CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive.

If Auto Insert Notification is enabled in the CD-ROM setup, insert the CD-ROM to
automatically install the program on the PC.

If installation does not begin automatically after inserting the CD-ROM, then
manually select the SETUP.exe file from the CD-ROM.

2. The InstallShield Wizard, shown in Figure 4-1, appears. Click NEXT to continue.
Figure 4-1. InstallShield Wizard (Navigator)

3. The Navigator Installation files are extracted by the installation utility, as shown in
Figure 4-2.
Figure 4-2. Extracting Files Screen

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4. The Splash screen appears, as shown in Figure 4-3, followed by the Navigator Setup
Welcome screen, as shown in Figure 4-4. Click the NEXT button on the Welcome screen
to continue.
Figure 4-3. CCS Navigator Splash Screen

Figure 4-4. Navigator Setup Welcome Screen

5. The Software License screen appears. Carefully review the license agreement, shown in
Figure 4-5. Click YES to accept the agreement or NO to not accept the agreement and
cancel installation.
Figure 4-5. Software License Agreement Screen

6. After clicking the YES button, select the components to be installed on the Select
Components screen, as shown in Figure 4-6. Click the NEXT button to continue.
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Figure 4-6. Select Components Screen

7. A mandatory components message appears, as shown in Figure 4-7. It informs that Setup
will check for all mandatory components. If the components are not installed, then
Navigator will not execute properly. The mandatory components are Internet Explorer
5.0 or above, Microsoft Data Access Components 2.1.2.4.202.3(GA), and Adobe Acrobat
Reader 4.0 or later.
Figure 4-7. Mandatory Components Message Screen

8. If certain recommended software packages are missing, the Recommended Software


Packages Not Found Screen, shown in Figure 4-8, appears indicating what software
packages are missing. If this screen did not appear continue to the next step. If this screen
appeared, take note of the missing software packages, and then press YES to continue or
NO to cancel the installation.

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Figure 4-8. Recommended Software Packages Not Found Screen

9. The Destination screen, shown in Figure 4-9, appears. The destination screen indicates
where the Navigator files will be stored. If the default directory is not preferred, click the
BROWSE button to change the location of the destination directory. Once the destination
directory is determined, click the NEXT button.
Figure 4-9. Destination Location Screen

10. The Select a Program Folder Screen, shown in Figure 4-10, appears. Setup will add
Program Icons to the folder shown in the Programs Folder field. If the default folder is
not the preferred folder, change the folder by selecting a folder from the list below or
enter the new folder name into the Program Folder Field. Click NEXT to continue.
Figure 4-10. Setup Program Folder Screen

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11. The Start Copying Files screen, shown in Figure 4-11, appears indicating the selected
components that will be installed and the destination folder where the components will be
installed. Click NEXT to continue.
Figure 4-11. Start Copying Files Screen

12. The installation progress %, shown in Figure 4-12, indicates how much of the
installation has been completed. Once the installation is 100%, the Setup Complete
screen, shown in Figure 4-13, appears. Click FINISH to complete the installation.
Figure 4-12. Installation Progress

Figure 4-13. Setup Complete

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Before using the CCS software to configure, operate, and monitor the VSG-410, the system must
be connected to a local network. Once connected, use the CCS software Discovery tool to
discover the VSG-410 system. To set up Navigator to recognize the VSG-410:
1. Open Navigator from the designated programs location. The default location is
START\PROGRAMS\LEITCH NAVIGATOR x.x (where x is the version
number)\NAVIGATOR. The Navigator screen appears.
2. Click the Log On button to access the program.
3. Click FILE\OPERATIONAL MODE\BUILD. The Build Mode screen, shown in
Figure 4-14, appears.
Figure 4-14. Build Mode Screen

4. In the lower left Status pane, click the JOPTIONS button. The Discovery Options screen,
shown in Figure 4-15, appears.

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Figure 4-15. Discovery Options Screen

5. Click the ADD button. The Add Host screen, shown in Figure 4-16, appears.
Figure 4-16. Add Host Screen

6. In the Add a Host IP field, enter the IP address for the VSG-410. The IP address of the
VSG-410 is found in NTP\IP Address.
7. Once the IP address has been entered, click the OK button.
8. The supplied IP address appears in the Discovery Options dialog box. In the Discovery
Options dialog box click the APPLY button and then the OK button to return to the Build
Mode screen.
9. In the lower-left Status pane, press the START button. Navigator will scan for IP
addresses.

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10. The Routing Systems dialog box appears. Click OK to accept the default configuration.
The status pane will indicate the discovery is complete.
11. In the status pane, click the SAVE button. The Confirm Save Discovery dialog box
appears. Click YES to continue to save.
12. Select FILE\OPERATIONAL MODE\CONTROL. The Navigator Control screen
appears.
13. In the menu tree pane on the left side of the screen, select DISCOVERY\HARRIS CORP
VSG410 SYSTEM\VSG-410, as shown in Figure 4-17.
Figure 4-17. Control Screen

14. The VSG-410 screen appears. From this screen, the VSG-410 alarms, menu parameters,
and functions can be controlled and changed. The VSG-410 setup for navigator is
complete.

LogoCreator
LogoCreator is used to create .mg2 test slides to be used with different formats in the VSG-410.

Installation
To install the LogoCreator software.
1. Insert the CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive.

122

If Auto Insert Notification is enabled in the CD-ROM setup, insert the CD-ROM to
automatically install the program on the PC.

If installation does not begin automatically after inserting the CD-ROM, then
manually select the SETUP.exe file from the CD-ROM.

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Figure 4-18. File Extraction

2. The IconTools Installation Welcome screen, shown in Figure 4-19, appears. Click NEXT
to continue the installation.
Figure 4-19. Welcome Screen (IconTools)

3. The Warning screen, shown in Figure 4-20, appears. The Warning screen asks that
previous installations of the program be removed before continuing with the installation.
Figure 4-20. Warning Screen

4. .NET Framework is required to be loaded onto the machine, as explained in the Microsoft
.NET Framework screen in Figure 4-21. Select the YES radio button to install .NET
Framework or the NO radio button to not install .NET Framework. Click NEXT to
continue.
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Figure 4-21. Microsoft .NET Framework Screen

5. The Special Features Screen, shown in Figure 4-22, is used to indicate what features
should be installed. Select COMPLETE, and click the NEXT button.
Figure 4-22. Special Features Screen

6. The Ready to Install Application screen, shown in Figure 4-23, appears. Click NEXT to
begin the installation.

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Figure 4-23. Ready to Install Screen

7. If the .NET Framework was selected to be installed, the PC will show the Updating
System screen, shown in Figure 4-24. If No was selected for installing the .NET
Framework or once the update is complete, the next screen appears.
Figure 4-24. Updating System Screen

8. Once the installation is complete, the Finished Screen, shown in Figure 4-25, appears.
Click FINISH to exit the IconTools Installation.

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Figure 4-25. Finished Screen

Working with VSG-410 Test Slides


You can create customized test slides and transfer them to the VSG-410. These test slides can
then be output to an SDI output channel in the same way as test signals. The following sections
describe how to create test slides and transfer them to the VSG-410. It also described when and
how to delete test slides from the VSG-410.
Test Slide Creation Overview
To create test slides for the VSG-410:
1. Using Leitch LogoCreator (supplied with the VSG-410), create a test slide .mg2 file from
source images (such as Targa .tga files). LogoCreator version 3.1.1 or later must be
installed on the system to create VSG-410 test slides.
2. Using CCS Pilot or Navigator, transfer the new test slide .mg2 file to the VSG-410. CCS
Pilot or Navigator version 3.2 or later must be installed on the system to transfer test
slides to the VSG-410.
Creating Test Slide .mg2 Files
Using LogoCreator, create test slides in the same way that the software is used to create static
and animates logos. To create a VSG-410 test slide, a source image file for the fill portion and a
source image file for the key portion of the test slide are needed. The fill is the picture or image
that is to be overlaid onto the program output. The key is the cutout or shape of the desired logo,
which may or may not be the same shape and size as the fill. The source image files for the fill
and key must be the exact same size (resolution) as the video standard of the output that will
display the test slide.
Table 4-1 lists the required dimensions of the fill and key sources for each output video
standard.

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Table 4-1. Test Slide Fill and Key Image Dimensions


Video Standard

Image Dimensions

525

720x486 pixels

2625

720x576 pixels

720 (all frame rates)

1280x720 pixels

1080 (all frame rates)

1920x1080 pixels

NOTE: If the test slide is to display the fill source image only, meaning with no key effects, use a solid
white image or a transparent (background) image as the key source. You can create these images using
most bit-map editor software applications.

To create the test slide .mg2 files using LogoCreator:


1. Launch the LogoCreator software application by selecting the LogoCreator icon from the
computers Start menu.
2. From the application menu, select FILE\NEW\LOGO. The Logo Creator-static Logo
screen appears.
3. Click the left OPEN button to open locate the file for the logo image preview.
4. Select the image file from the desired location and click OPEN. The image will appear in
the logo image preview.
5. If using the Alpha key found with the image, click the Use the Alpha key found with the
image checkbox. If using a different alpha key image file, uncheck the checkbox and
click the right OPEN button, and select the Alpha file.
6. Selecting SAVE AS and save the new .mg2 file in the desired location.
7. Make adjustments for the file according to the LogoCreator online help.
For detailed information about using LogoCreator, see the software user documentation.
Transferring Test Slide .mg2 Files to the VSG-410
Use the CCS pilot or Navigator to transfer the test slide .mg2 files from the computers local or
network drive to the VSG-410. The VSG-410 can store two test slide images for each output
video standard. Therefore, if there are already two test slides currently stored (for each SDI video
standard) on the VSG-410, the old test slides may need to be deleted before transferring the new
test slides.
To transfer test slide image files to the VSG-410, CCS Pilot or Navigator version 3.2 or later
must be installed on the computer.
NOTE: Before transferring test slide image files to the VSG-410, discover the device using the CCS
software Discover Tool. For information about using the CCS software Discovery Tool, see the CCS
software application user guide.

After discovering the VSG-410 using the CCS Discovery tool, remain in Build mode and
transfer the test slide image files using the following steps:
1. In the Navigation pane, select the VSG-410 from the list of discovered devices.
2. Right-click the VSG-410, and then select Configuration from the context menu.
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3. Click the File Transfer Tab in the Configuration For dialog box.
4. Click the ADD button.
5. In the Add Upgrade File dialog box, browse to the location of the test slide images to be
transferred to the VSG-410, then click OK.
6. Under Select the device directory to transfer to dialog box, select TSG3901/fl1 (the
middle character is the letter L not the number 1).
7. To transfer the test slide files to the VSG-410, select PERFORM TRANSFER. The
progress of the file transfer is indicated at the bottom of the Configuration for . . . dialog
box.
NOTE: If there is not enough space to store the file, or if there are two test slides with the same
resolution already stored on the device, an Image File Error (ImgFullErr) is displayed.

8. After the file transfer is complete, reboot the device by clicking REBOOT DEVICE.
Clearing an Image File Error

If there is not enough space to store the file or if there are two test slides with the same resolution
already stored on the device, an Image File Error (ImgFullErr) is displayed. To clear the image
file error select: OUTPUTS\IMAGE\ERROR CLEAR\ON.
Deleting Test Slide Images

The Image Delete parameter can be used to remove test slides that are currently stored on the
VSG-410 so that new test slides can be added. Before deleting test slides, view the file name of
the test slides that are currently stored on the device.
To view and delete test slides from the VSG-410:
1. View the file name of each test slide currently stored on the VSG-410:
OUTPUTS\IMAGE\525 IMAGE 1 NAME to 720 IMAGE 2 NAME. The full name of
the test slide will be displayed.
2. Delete a test slide: OUTPUTS\IMAGE\IMAGE DELETE. Select an image to delete from
525 Image 1 to 720 Image 2.

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Section 5 Troubleshooting
If the VSG-410 does not operate properly, first verify that:

The VSG-410 is connected to a power source

All cables are correctly connected to the unit (see Section 2).

Problems, Symptoms, Causes, and Solutions


Table 5-1 summarizes troubleshooting procedures to follow if the VSG-405HD is not
functioning properly.
Table 5-1. VSG-410: Problems, Symptoms, Causes, and Solutions
Problem/Symptom

Possible Cause

Solution or Explanation

PC will not communicate


with VSG-410

Wrong Cable

Correct a cross-over cable is


connecting directly to a PC or straightthrough cable is connecting to a
network.

If the problem persists after troubleshooting the VSG-410, see Service and Support on page 3
for further instructions.

Upgrading the VSG-410 Firmware


Firmware upgrading is a routine procedure that must be performed to install newer versions of
software on NEO modules. CCS Pilot, Co-Pilot, or Navigator software applications are required
for this procedure. When performing the upgrading procedure, check the appropriate readme file
to confirm what files are needed. Use care to ensure that the correct files are uploaded to the
device.
If for some reason the upgrade fails, the device may not respond to controls and will appear to be
non-functional.

Upgrading Procedure
Follow these steps to upgrade the firmware:
1. Download the most recent appropriate upgrade package from the website.
2. If the affected device has not been discovered, perform the Discovery operation, as
described in the CCS software application manual or online help.
3. From the Tools menu, select Software Upgrade. The Software Upgrade window opens
or is brought to the foreground.
4. On the New Transfer tab, click Add. The Device Selection dialog opens.
5. Select one or more devices, and then click OK to close the Add Device dialog box.
Only one unit from each IP address can be added. All items in a frame have the same IP address.
The selected devices appear in the table on the New Transfer tab of the Software Upgrade
window. This table lists devices that are to receive the same upgrade package.
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Troubleshooting

For each device in this table, highlight its position in the Tree View by clicking Find Device.
Check the software revision numbers, etc. by clicking the Version Info, and an automatic
backup by clicking the Device Options button. (Place a check beside Software Backup and
enter a file name or click Browse to choose a new file location).
1. Press Browse to select the software upgrade package (ZIP file). A standard Windows
File Selection dialog opens.
2. Choose the upgrade ZIP file on a local or network drive. The selected files path name is
displayed in the edit box to the left of the Browse button.
The extraction process on the ZIP file is handled as part of the upgrade process. There is
no need to manually extract the files.
3. Press Submit Transfer.
A dialog box opens, requesting confirmation to proceed with the request. If multiple
devices are selected, multiple transfer tasks are submitted one per device.
The transfer now progresses. The Software Upgrade window can now be closed, or other
tasks can be continued. Closing the window does not affect any of the transfer processes
that may be running in the background.
Or switch to the Progress tab to view the status of the transfers.
NOTE: When attempting to log off or exit the CCS software while a transfer is in process, a
notification window will alert that processes are still active and will ask if the processes are to be
terminated.

4. Click on the Log tab and look at the Progress column to ensure that all files have
correctly updated. The device is automatically rebooted following an upgrade procedure.
Discovering Devices Using the Drag-and-Drop Method
If a device in unable to be discovered, follow these steps to upgrade the firmware using the
drag-and-drop method.
1. Download the appropriate most recent upgrade package from the website or from the CD
ROM, and then unzip the upgrade package.
2. If the affected device has not been discovered by the CCS software application, enter the
Build mode and then drag or copy and paste the device icon from the catalog folder into
the Network or Discovery folder.
3. Right-click the device icon and then select Properties.
4. On the NRO or Device tab of the Navigation Properties box enter the IP address of the
device.
5. In the third field, enter 1.0.0. Then close the window.
6. Continue upgrading the firmware, starting with Step 3 on page 129.

Correcting a Failed Upgrading Procedure


Firmware upgrades may fail in the event of network interruptions, power failures, or if too much
data is uploaded to the device. Often uploads of too much data can occur for one of the following
reasons:
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Troubleshooting

The boot file (typically vxWorks.lzs) was accidentally uploaded during the f10 procedure,
instead of the boot procedure.

Files were sent to the wrong device.

The particular hardware version of the device requires only some (but not all) of the available
f10 files.

The upgrade .zip file was mistakenly sent to the device.

All of these problems can be corrected by re-installing the firmware while in a fail-safe mode.
When performing this procedure, check the appropriate readme file to confirm which files are
needed. Use care to ensure that the correct files are uploaded to the intended device.
Setting the Device to Fail-Safe Loader Mode
There are two long boards in the VSG-410. The top board is the Test Signal Generator. The
bottom board is the Master Time Generator. When an upgrade fails for one of the boards, the
following procedure only needs to be performed on the failed board (i.e. Test Signal Generator
upgrade fails), then the following steps should be performed on the top (test Signal Generator)
board.
Disconnect the power from the VSG-410

1. Remove the cover from the VSG-410.


2. On each board are controls. Press the NAV (the metal stick) switch down while
simultaneously pressing both the EXIT and Enter buttons.
3. While holding the buttons, reinsert the power. Press and hold the buttons and the
navigation switch for approximately three seconds until the little display on the board
reads Offline-H (or Offline-L) Upload required. The bottom board (the MTG board)
has no display. Since there is no display, press and hold the buttons and the navigation
switch for approximately ten seconds.
Upgrading the Firmware in the Boot Folder in Fail-Safe Mode

Ensure that these steps are followed in the exact sequence when upgrading the firmware in a
fail-safe mode:
1. Download the most recent appropriate upgrade package from the website or from the
CD-ROM, and then unzip the upgrade package.
2. If the affected device has not been discovered by the CCS software application, enter
Build mode, and then drag or copy and paste the device icon from the catalog folder into
the Network or Discovery folder.
3. Right-click the device icon and then select Properties.
4. Enter the IP address of the device on the Device tab of the Navigational Properties box.
NOTE: The Device ID line will be slightly different than in previous versions. The acronym EP will
appear instead of IP in the first Device ID field.

5. In the third field enter 1.0.0.


6. Close the window.
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Troubleshooting

7. Double-click the device icon. The Configuration . . . box opens. On the File Transfer
tab, the /device/boot directory appears in the Select the device directory to transfer to:
field.
8. Click Add, and in the Add Upgrade Files box, browse, select the boot folder in the
upgrade package, and then click OK.
9. Choose the vxWorks.lzs file and then click OK.
10. Click Perform Transfer and then click Yes. This may take several minutes.
11. Wait for the message File transfer to device succeeded in the status bar.
Upgrading the Firmware in the F10 folder and Rebooting the Device

This procedure is meant to be performed directly after Upgrading the Firmware in the Boot
Folder in Fail-Safe Mode.
Follow these steps to reboot the affected device:
1. Click Reboot Device, and then click Yes.
NOTE: The device may reboot automatically. In these cases, the Reboot button will be grayed
out. During this time, the device will show the word Rebooting on the LCD before the name of the
device appears. If the device reboots on its own, there is no need for the f10 file.

2. After the device has rebooted, a message box advises that nothing can be performed until
the device has rebooted.
Wait 30 seconds.
3. On the File Transfer tab, select /device/f10 directory in the Select device directory to
transfer to: field.
4. Click Add, browse and select the f10 folder in the devices upgrade package, and then
click OK.
Check the readme for the upgrade package to ensure that the correct files are being
added.
5. Select the files shown in the Add Upgrade Files box, and then click OK.
6. Select and delete unwanted files (for example: vxWorks.lzs) in the Add upgrade files
for transfer to device: field by clicking Remove.
CAUTION: Delete unwanted files in the Add upgrade files for transfer to device: field before
transferring the files. Otherwise, the upgrading procedure will fail.

7. Click Perform Transfer and then click Yes.


8. Wait for the message File transfer to device succeeded. This may take a moment.
9. Click Reboot Device and then click Yes.
Wait 30 seconds, and then close the Configuration . . . box. The device name appears. The
upgrade procedure is complete.

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Appendix A Specifications
Specifications are subject to change without notice.

Genlock Input (GENLOCK IN)


Item

Specification

Electrical

Single-ended unbalanced

Mechanical

BNC connector

Termination

Loop through NTSC/PAL with VITC and ATR, or Tri-Level Sync (TLS)
input

Level

1V p-p +6dB/-6dB TLS

Return Loss

> 40 dB to 10 MHz

Lock Range

6 ppm (NTSC Fsc 21 Hz, PAL Fsc 26 Hz)

Video Output (Black Out)


Item

Specification

Electrical

Single-ended unbalanced

Mechanical

BNC connector

Termination

75

Format

NTSC/PAL-B/PAL-M Black Burst with VTSC and ATR, or TLS output

Level (into 75)

1V p-p NTSC/PAL, 0.6V p-p TLS (SMPTE 274M)

Return Loss

> 40 dB to 10 MHz

10 MHz Input (10 MHz)


Item

Specification

Termination

50

Mechanical

BNC connector

Level

2V p-p 3 dB

10/100 Base-T Ethernet (Ethernet)


Item

Specification

Mechanical

RJ-45 Connector

Network Interface

IEEE 802.3 (Ethernet) 10/100 Base-T interface for NTP application

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Specifications

Supported GPS Devices


Item

Specification

GPS-5300 (Trimble Acutime)


Interface

RS-232 (TAIP), PPS on PPS/TRIG

GPS-3901 (Trimble SVEE8)


Interface

RS-232 (TAIP), PPS on PPS/TRIG

GPS-3902 (Coleman CTI-SV8TAIP) Interface

RS-232 (TAIP), PPS on PPS/TRIG

GPS-3903 (Coleman CTI-SV12TAIP) Interface

RS-232 (TAIP), PPS on PPS/TRIG

GPS-1600 (Trimble
Thunderbolt)

RS-232 (TSIP), PPS on BNC, 10M

NTP
Network Time Protocol based on ntp-4.1.1a distribution.

Time through Serial Time through Serial


Item

Specification

Supported Modes

CSD and TCC

Baud Rate CSD

300 bps

Baud Rate TCC

300 bps, 600 bps, 1200 bps, 2400 bps, 4800 bps, and 9600 bps

Time

Local
CSD: date and time
TCC: date, time, and frame (frame at 4800 bps and 9600 bps only)

Free-Run Mode on External Trigger


Item

Specification

Setting Date and Time (FreeRun Mode) on External Trigger

With the trigger setup, the time and date entered are not set until the
trigger input has a falling edge.

SD/HD SDI Output Characteristics


Item

Specification

Electrical

Single-ended unbalanced

Mechanical

BNC connector

Termination

75

HD/SD

HD and SD, user selectable

Level (into 75)

800 mV 10%

DC Offset

0V 0.5V

Return Loss

>15 dB to clock frequency (270 MHz SD, 1.5 GHz HD)

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Specifications

Composite Video Output


Item

Specification

Electrical

Single-ended unbalanced

Mechanical

BNC connector

Termination

75

Format

NTSC/PAL-B with VITC and ATR, TLS 1080i60/108 0i59.94 with VITC,
TLS output (1080i50/1080sf24/1080sd23.98/1080p30/1080p29.97/
1080p25/1080p24/1080p23.98/720p60/720p59.94/720p50)

Level (into 75)

1V p-p NTSC/PAL, 0.6V p-p TLS (SMPTE 274M, SMPTE 296M)

Return Loss

>40 dB to 6 MHz, > 30 dB to 35 MHz

Analog Audio Output


Item

Specification

Frequency Response

0.1 dB (20 Hz 20 kHz)

Linearity

1.0 dB to -100 dB

SNR

>100 dB (20 Hz 20 kHz)

Full-Scale Level

+12 dBu to +28 dBu connector: RJ-11

Connector

Wiedmuller PCB 6-pin terminal block

AES Unbalanced
Item

Specification

Sample Rate

48 kHz

Output Impedance

75

Output Connector

BNC

Output Return Loss

> 30 dB to 6 MHz

Output Signal Level

1V p-p (75 terminated)

10 MHz Output
Item

Specification

Termination

50

Mechanical

BNC

Level

13 dBm into 50 ( 2 dBm)

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Specifications

DARS EIA/TIA-232-E LTC GPIO


Item

Specification

Mechanical

Male high density, DB-26, breakout module provides easy access to


individual functions.

DARS Electrical

Single-ended, unbalanced

DARS Mechanical

Pin 1

Impulse Drive Mechanical

Pins 12 and 24

Impulse Drive Electrical

Single-ended unbalanced

Impulse Drive Format

12 V pulses (300m Sec)

EIA/TIA-232-E Electrical

EIA-232 DTE

EIA/TIA-232-E Mechanical

Pins 2-6, 8, 20, 22 per EIA-232

LTC Input (TCI) Electrical

Differential balanced

LTC Input (TCI) Mechanical

Pins 14 (LTC+), 15 (LTC-), 16 (GND)

LTC Input (TCI) Format

SMPTE/EBU LTC 24/25/30 drop/non-drop auto-sensing

LTC Input (TCI) Impedance

Hi-Z (> 30k) or 600, selectable with switches

LTC Input (TCI) Input Sensitivity

500 mV p-p

LTC Input (TCI) CM Range

10V

LTC Input (TCI) CMRR

40 dB at 60 Hz

Output 1 and 2 (TC1, TC2)


Electrical

Differential balanced

Output 1 and 2 (TC1, TC2)


Mechanical (output 1)

Pins 17 (LTC+), 18 (LTC-), and 19 (GND)

Output 1 and 2 (TC1, TC2)


Mechanical (output 2)

Pins 9 (LTC), 10 (LTC), and 11 (GND)

Output 1 and 2 (TC1, TC2)


Format

SMPTE/EBU LTC 24/25/30 (frame per seconds) drop/non-drop support

Output 1 and 2 (TC1, TC2)


Impedance

Low-Z (< 25 per side) or 600 selectable with switches on break-out


board

Output 1 and 2 (TC1, TC2)


Level

3.9V p-p nominal into 1k (Low-Z output)

Output 1 and 2 (TC1, TC2)


Level

2.5V p-p nominal into 1k (600 output)

Output 1 and 2 (TC1, TC2)


Transition Time

40s 4s measured at 10% and 90% amplitude

GPIO1 Trigger/PPS Input


Electrical

5V TTL-compatible HCT

GPIO1 Trigger/PPS Input


Mechanical

Pin 21

GPIO1 Trigger/PPS Input


Impedance

10k

GPIO2 Hz Output Electrical

5V TTL compatible HCT

GPIO2 Hz Output Mechanical

Pin 23

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Specifications

PPS
Item

Specification

PPS Input Mechanical

BNC Connector

PPS Input Termination

50

PPS Input Level

TTL, Vih = 2.0V min, Vil = 0.8V max

PPS Input Edge Transition

20 ns max

Applicable Standards
Item

Specification

Video and audio signal quality


standards

SMPTE 170M-1994, ITU-R BT.470-6, ITU-R BT.470.6, SMPTE-276M,


AES-3, AES-3id, AES-17 SMPTE-274M, SMPTE-12M, SMPTE-309M,
SMPTE-276M, SMPTE-318B, AES-11, SMPTE-259, SMPTE-292

Power Requirements
Item

Specification

Input Voltage Range

90 VAC 264 VAC

Input Voltage Frequency

50 Hz to 60 Hz

Power Consumption (apparent


power)

72W

Brownout Requirements

Must return to normal operation. A complete reset and boot up cycle is


allowable.

Mechanical
Item

Specification

Dimensions

Height:

1.75 in. (4.45 cm)

Width:

8.00 in. (20.32 cm)

Depth:

19.00 in. (48.26 cm)

Weight

7 lb (3.17 kg)

Environmental
Item

Specification

Operating temperature

+5 to +45C

Storage temperature

-40 to +65C

Humidity

90% maximum (non-condensing)

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Specifications

Standard Accessories
Item

Specification

Standard accessories

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Co-Pilot CD-ROM software
Breakout board
Power cord and power supply

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Appendix B Pinouts
Figure B-1. RS-232 9-Pin, Male, D-Sub Connector

Table B-1. Pinouts for the RS-232 9-Pin, Male, D-Sub Connector
Pin Number

Signal

N.C.

SD (TXD)

RD (RXD)

DR (DSR)

SG (GND)

ER (DTR)

CS (CTS)

RS (RTS)

N.C

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Pinouts

Figure B-2. LTC GPIO 26-Pin, Female, D-Sub Connector

Table B-2. Pinouts for LTC/GPIO Connector


Pinout

Signal

Pinout

Signal

DARS

14

TCI LTC +

EIA-232 DTE TX Data (to DCE)

15

TCI LTC -

EIA-232 DTE RX Data (from DCE)

16

TCI GND

EIA-232 DTE Request to Send (to DCE)

17

TC1 LTC+

EIA-232 DTE Clear to Send (from DCE)

18

TC1 LTC-

ETA-232 DTE DCE Ready (from DCE)

19

TC1 GND

EIA-232 DTE GND

20

EIA-232 DTE Ready (to DCE)

EIA-232 DTE Received Line Signal


Detector (from DCE)

21

TC2 LTC +

22

EIA-232 DTE Ring Indicator (from DCE)

10

TC2 LTC-

23

GPIO2 Hz Output

11

TC2 GND

24

Impulse Drive

12

Impulse Drive

25

N.C.

13

N.C.

26

N.C.

GPIO1 Trigger Input

Figure B-3. Ethernet RJ-45 Connector

Table B-3. Ethernet RJ-45 Connector Pinouts


Pinout

140

Signal

Pinout

Signal

TX+

N.C.

TX-

RX-

RX+

N.C.

N.C.

N.C.

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Appendix C Glossary
601: An international standard (ITU-R BT.601) for component digital television. It defines the
sampling systems, matrix values, and filter characteristics for digital television.
8VSB: Vestigial sideband modulation with 8 discrete amplitude levels.
16 VSB: Vestigial sideband modulation with 16 discrete amplitude levels.
Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC): The parent organization that
developed, tested, and described the form and function of the US digital television formats.
AES/EBU: A digital audio standard established jointly by the Audio Engineering Society
(AES) and the European Broadcasting Union (EBU).
AGC: Automatic gain control.
Artifacts: Unwanted visible effects in the picture created by disturbances in the transmission or
image processing, such as edge crawl or hanging dots in analog pictures or pixilation in
digital pictures.
Aspect Ratio: The ratio of horizontal to vertical dimensions. A square has an aspect of 1:1
since the horizontal and vertical measurements are always equal. Current television screen aspect
ratios are 4:3 and 16:9.
Asynchronous Serial Interface (ASI): A transmission method adopted by the DVB, and
called DVB-ASI. The transmission method allows for the transport of varying data payloads in a
constant data stream. The DVB-ASI transport stream rate is 270 Mb/s.
Audio Breakaway: Routing video and accompanying audio in separate signal paths.
Audio-Follow: Routing video and accompanying audio together in the same signal path.
Auto Trans: Automatic transition. The execution of a single wipe or fade from current picture
to another picture by way of an automatic device.
Bandwidth: The range of frequencies used to transmit information such as picture and sound.
Baseband Video: An unmodulated video signal.
Black: Also color black, blackburst. A composite color video signal that has the composite
sync, reference burst, and a black video signal.
Blanking Processor: A circuit that removes sync, burst and blanking from the program video
and then replaces it with sync, burst and blanking from the reference input. The process ensures
constant sync and burst levels on program video.
BNC: Bayonet Neill Concelman.
Border: An electronically-generated picture member that is used in wipes to separate the two
video sources used in the wipe. It is of even thickness and has color produced by the matte
generator.
Broadcast Legal: Encoding video signal parameters to conform to prescribed limits for
broadcast. Encoding rules vary by NTSC, PAL, country, and broadcast facility.
BTSC: Broadcast Television Standards Committee. A US standard for stereo audio encoding in
NTSC broadcast television.
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Glossary

CAV: Component Analog Video.


Chrominance: The color portion of a video signal that represents the saturation and hue.
Black, gray and white have no chrominance; color signals have both chrominance and
luminance.
Chrominance/Luminance Delay (C/L Delay): A measurement that indicates the amount to
which chrominance and luminance are aligned with respect to each other. A low C/L delay figure
can minimize the effects of ghosts or color offset on the received picture.
Clipping: The electronic process of shearing off the peaks of either the white or black
excursions of a video signal for limiting purposes. Clipping often is performed prior to
modulation to limit the signal.
CMRR: Common Mode Rejection Ratio.
Color Burst: The portion of a color video signal that contains a short sample of the color
subcarrier. Used as a color synchronization signal to establish a reference for the color
information following it; used by a color monitor to decode the color portion of a video signal.
The color burst acts as both amplitude and phase reference for color hue and intensity. The color
oscillator of a color television receiver is phase locked to the color burst.
Composite Sync: A signal consisting of horizontal sync pulses, vertical sync pulses and
equalizing pulses only.
Composite Video: A single video signal that includes all color video and timing information.
A composite signal includes luminance, chrominance, blanking pulses, sync pulses, and color
burst information.
Crosspoint: An electronic switch, usually controlled by a button on the panel. Control logic
allows for only one crosspoint, for each bus, to be switched "ON" at a time.
D/A: Conversion of digital to analog signals.
DA: Distribution Amplifier.
Data Element: An item of data as represented before encoding and after decoding.
dB: See decibel.
Decoded Stream: The decoded reconstruction of a compressed bit stream.
Decibel (dB): A logarithmic measure of the ratio between two powers, voltages, currents,
sound intensities, etc. Signal-to-noise ratios are expressed in decibels.
Default: A factory preset value or condition.
Demodulator: A receiver, such as for television broadcast, cable, and closed circuit
applications. A TV demodulator receives and processes of f-air or cable RF signals and provides
baseband video and audio outputs.
Differential Gain: A measurement that specifies how much the chrominance gain is affected
by the luminance level. Expressed as a percentage showing the largest amplitude change between
any two levels, it indicates how much color saturation variance occurs when the luminance level
changes.

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Glossary

Differential Phase: A peak-to-peak measurement that specifies the extent to which the
chrominance phase is affected by the luminance level. Expressed in degrees of subcarrier phase,
it indicates how much hue shift occurs with luminance level changes.
Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB): A specific project office of the European Broadcast
Union. This group has produced a set of digital broadcasting standards.
DSK: Down Stream Key, a keyer that is electronically located after (or downstream from) all
other functions of a switcher. The key resulting appears to be on top of all other pictures from the
switcher.
DVB: See Digital Video Broadcasting.
D-VITC: Digital Vertical Interval Time Code. Time code information is stored on specific lines
in the vertical blanking interval of a television signal.
EAV: End of active video in component digital systems.
EBU: European Broadcasting Union.
Editor: A device or system that controls video tape recorders, video switchers, and other related
devices, to electronically splice segments of recorded video into a finished production.
EDH: Error Detection and Handling. A recommended practice defined in SMPTE RP 165. A
system to generate and then detect video data errors in serial digital video systems.
Effects Keyer: A keyer that is electronically located in the mix/wipe generator portion of a
switcher. The resulting key would appear under the down stream key.
EIA Rack Space or Rack Unit: A specific size as designated by the Electronics Industry
Association. The rack unit is 19 inches wide, and is 1.75 inches tall. A device that requires three
(3) EIA rack units is 19 inches wide and 5.25 inches (3x1.75 = 5.25) tall.
Elementary Stream (ES): A generic term for one of the coded video, audio or other variable
length bit streams that are packetized to form MPEG-2 transport streams. Consists of compressed
data from a single source (audio, video, data, etc.). One elementary stream is carried in a
sequence of PES packets with one and only one stream ID.
Embedded Audio: Digital audio information multiplexed onto a serial digital data stream. Up
to sixteen channels can be multiplexed on a single stream of 601 video, minimizing cabling and
routing requirement.
ENG: Electronic News Gathering.
Encoded Clip Softness: In the encoded legalization process, softness, as applied to
encoded clips, refers to the processing of the video at the point of the clip. The clips are applied
in YCBCR color space. The clip point is either an immediate limit (no softness) or has a range of
values leading to the clip point, all reduced to smooth the clip point to a less immediate limit
(softness).
Encoded Legalization: Limiting of the luminance and color difference signals such that,
once encoded into a composite video signal, the resultant encoded video does not violate the
maximum or minimum signal levels as defined by the specific encoding rules. NTSC and PAL
video, plus various users of these types of video, have many varied rules for maximum and
minimum encoding limits. Encoded legalization usually calculates first the encoded luminance
value and then the corresponding chroma value to make legalization judgments.
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Glossary

Encoded Video: A combined single video signal that is constructed from either separate RGB
or luminance and two color difference video signals. NTSC, PAL, and SECAM are all examples
of encoded video.
Envelope Detection: An RF signal detection technique that does not respond to phase
variations in the carrier signal, enabling measurement of a transmitters incidental phase. When
used together with synchronous detection, envelope detection helps isolate either video and/or
RF as the causes of phase distortion.
External Key Input: This is an alternate source for key cut. This is usually a separate external
input to a switcher.
Fade-thru-Black: A two-step process production technique. The first step fades the program
video to black. The second step fades from black to the video selected on the preview bus.
Usually used in major scene transitions.
Fade-to-Black: A production technique that simply fades the program video to black and the
program audio to silent. Used to end programs and to escape from embarrassing pictures or
sounds.
Field: A picture or picture portion produced within one cycle of vertical synchronization. In
interlaced systems, a full picture or frame requires two consecutive fields.
FM Trap: A circuit designed to minimize potential interference from strong FM signals in
receiving equipment, such as a TV demodulator. For example, an FM trap can attenuate signals
between 88-108 MHz to reduce interference on NTSC television channel 6.
Frame: A single full resolution picture as viewed in either a video or a film system. In the case
of interlaced video, two consecutive fields provide all of the information of one frame. In noninterlaced systems, one cycle of vertical synchronization produces a frame. A 60 Hz interlaced
system, produces 30 frames of video in one second. A 60 Hz progressive (or non-interlaced)
system produces 60 frames of video in one second. Common frame rates are 24 (film) 25, 29.97,
30, 50, 59.94 and 60.
Frame Synchronizer: An electronic device that synchronizes two or more video signals.
Using one input as a reference, it locks a second signal to the reference.
Frame Store: An electronic method of capturing and storing a single frame of video.
Gamma: This term applies to the linearity of the change from black to white. Gamma controls
adjust the gray or 50% point of the video either up or down, with the effect of changing the gray
level of the video.
Gamut: The whole or total of whatever is being addressed. In color space, gamut refers to all
colors that are included in a particularly defined color group, such as 601 gamut.
Genlock (Generator Lock): A method of synchronization involving the generation of a
video signal that is time and phase locked with another signal.
GPI: General Purpose Interface.
Headend: In a cable TV system, the facilities where program sources (satellite, terrestrial,
VTR, local) are received and remodulated for distribution through a cable plant.
High Definition Television (HDTV): High definition television has a resolution of
approximately twice that of conventional television in both the horizontal (H) and vertical (V)
dimensions and a picture aspect ratio (H to V) of 16:9.
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High Level: A range of allowed picture parameters defined by the MPEG-2 video coding
specification that corresponds to high definition television.
HRC: Harmonically-Related Carrier.
Hue: Color tint.
ICPM: Incidental Carrier Phase Modulation. A measurement of picture carrier phase distortion
(affected by the video signal level) that occurs in the transmitter.
IRC: Incrementally-Related Carrier.
I.R.E.: Refers to the Institute of Radio Engineers, and is used as a unit of measurement. In
NTSC television, 1 volt of signal equals 140 IRE units.
Key: An effect in television whereby a selected portion of background video is removed and
replaced with another video.
Key Cut: In a key effect, this is the video that designates the portion of background video,
which is removed.
Key Fill: In a key effect, this video replaces the removed portion of background video. This
may be the same video as the Key Cut video.
Key Invert: In a key effect, this electronic action reverses the polarity of the key cut signal. It
makes black appear as white, and white appear as black.
Key Mask: In a key effect, the key mask uses a wipe pattern from the wipe pattern generator to
restrict the key cut from removing video in a portion of the screen. This action requires the use of
both the wipe pattern generator and the Mask/Preset Size controls.
Key Source: Same as key cut.
Legalization: The modification of serial digital video to conform to analog color space rules,
as required by users.
LCD: Liquid Crystal Display.
LED: Light-Emitting Diode.
LTC: Longitudinal Time Code. A SMPTE time code standard usually recorded onto the linear
audio track of a VTR.
Luminance: The degree of brightness (black and white portion of the video signal) at any
given point in the video image. A video signal is comprised of luminance, chrominance, and
sync. If luminance is high, the picture is bright; if low, the picture is dark. Changing the
chrominance does not affect the brightness of the picture.
Main Level: A range of allowed picture parameters defined by the MPEG-2 video coding
specification with maximum resolution equivalent to standard definition television.
Main Profile: A subset of the syntax of the MPEG-2 video coding specification that is
supported over a large range of applications. Applications include MP@HL (Main Profile at
High Level), and MP@ML (Main Profile at Main Level).
Mask/Preset Size: Uses the wipe pattern generator in the keyer portion of the effects
generator. Used to adjust the size of a preset pattern, or to adjust the size of a mask to block a
portion of the key cut (source) from use in the keyer.

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Matte Generator: An internal generator that can make any color, is used for border color, and
can be used for key fill. It is identical to the Color Background Generator, but simply used in
other areas of the switcher.
Mbps: Megabits per second.
mV: Millivolts.
M/E: Mix/Effects System.
MP@HL: Main Profile at High Level.
MP@ML: Main Profile at Main Level.
MPEG: Refers to standards developed by the ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29 WG11, Moving Picture
Experts Group.
MPEG-2: Refers to ISO/IEC standards 13818-1 (Systems), 13818-2 (Video), 13818-3 (Audio),
and 13818-4 (Compliance).
Multi-Level Effects: Applies to any effects generator that can do more than one effect at a
time. Typically, a multi level switcher can produce a Key and a Background transition in the
same effects generator at one time.
Non-Interlaced: Also progressive scanning. A system of video scanning where lines of a
picture are transmitted consecutively, such as with VGA monitor displays.
NTSC: National Television Systems Committee. The color television system used in the United
States, Canada, Mexico, and Japan.
Packet: A packet consists of a header followed by a number of contiguous bytes from an
elementary data stream. It is a layer in the system coding syntax.
Packet Identifier (PID): A unique integer value used to associate elementary streams of a
program in a single or multi-program transport stream.
Packetized Elementary Stream (PES): The data structure used to carry elementary stream
data. The packets consist of a header followed by payload data; a stream is a series of packets
that form an elementary stream and have a single stream identification.
PAL: Phase Alternation Line; the standard color television system in many European and other
countries.
PAT: See Program Association Table.
Passive Looping: Video and audio signals routed through components, even if power is
removed. Signals are not amplified or processed, maintaining transparency.
PCR: See Program Clock Reference.
Pedestal Level: An offset used in a video system to separate the active video from the
blanking level by maintaining the black level above the blanking level by a small amount.
PES: See Packetized Elementary Stream.
Pixel: A Picture cell or Picture element representing one sample of picture information, such as
an individual sample of R, G, B, luminance or chrominance.
PMT: See Program Map Table.

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Preset: Refers to establishing any condition prior to use on the Program output. Used in
reference to wipe patterns; often interchanged with Preview.
Preview: The video output channel used to view the intended Program results prior to the
execution of the next transition.
PRO Audio: A transmitted audio channel for talent cueing via Interrupt Foldback (IFB) to
ENG vans and remote applications. Some demodulators support PRO audio monitoring.
Program: A transport stream combination of a video stream and one or more audio and data
streams associated with that video stream. In analog terms, Program refers to the Base Band
video and audio produced by the final output of a switcher.
Program and System Information Protocol (PSIP): Information sent out as part of an
ATSC transport stream that lists all of the video, audio, data, and program information contained
in the stream. This is the "TV guide" for a given stream.
Program Association Table (PAT): A list of all programs in the ATSC data stream.
Program Clock Reference (PCR): A time reference signal placed in MPEG streams to
coordinate various data streams.
Program Map Table (PMT): A listing of all elementary streams that comprise a complete
(television) program.
Progressive Scanning: Also non-interlaced. A system of video scanning whereby lines
of a picture are transmitted consecutively, as with VGA monitor displays.
PSIP: See Program and System Information Protocol.
Push-Push Toggle Switch: An electro-mechanical device which, when pushed, alternates
the condition of the switch. Push once, it's off; push again, it's on.
Quadrature Output: An output in a television demodulator used for measuring Incidental
Carrier Phase Modulation (ICPM) in a transmitter.
QPSK: Quadrature phase shift keying; typically used by satellite downlinks.
QAM: Quadrature Amplitude Modulation; The technique used by cable TV systems (64-QAM
and 256-QAM) to remodulate signals for distribution in a cable plant.
RGB Legalization: Limiting of luminance and color difference video signals such that, once
transcoded into RGB component video signals, the resultant video does not violate the maximum
or minimum signal levels as defined by component video level rules. Typically, the maximum
value for R, G, or B is 700 mV, and the absolute minimum value for any of these signals is
0 mV.
Reclocking: The process of regenerating digital data with a clock recovered from the input
data.
Resolution: A measure of the finest detail that can be seen, or resolved, in a reproduced
image.
RS-422: Recommended Standard number 422. An E.I.A. standard that describes a type of data
interchange. Television products use this standard as its communication format between the
electronics frame and editors, control panel and computers. An RS-422 line may be extended up
to 1,000 feet (304m).
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Sampling: Process by which an analog signal is sampled to convert the analog signal to digital.
SAP: Secondary Audio Program; used in television broadcast for second language
broadcasting, simulcasting, and separate audio programming.
Saturation: Color intensity.
SAW Filter: Surface Acoustic Wave filter.
Segment Error Rate (SER): A calculated average of uncorrected transport stream packets
vs. total packets as accumulated over a designated period.
SER: See Segment Error Rate.
Signal to Noise RatioAnalog (SNR): A measurement of the noise level in a signal,
expressed in dB (decibels) as a ratio of between the audio or video signals maximum peak-topeak signal voltage and the measured voltage of noise present when the signal is removed.
Higher SNR figures indicate that any noise introduced by system components is not be perceived
in the picture and sound output signals.
Signal to Noise Ratio8VSB (SNR): As applies to 8VSB transmissions, this is a calculated
average power of the ideal signal divided by the actual demodulated signal power.
SMPTE: Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers.
SNR: Signal to Noise Ratio.
Standard Definition Television (SDTV): Signifies a digital television system in which the
quality is approximately equivalent to that of NTSC. This equivalent quality may be achieved
from pictures originated at the 4:2:2 level of ITU-R BT.601 and subjected to processing as part
of the bit rate compression. The results should be such that when judged across a representative
sample of program material, subjective equivalence with NTSC is achieved. The displayed
picture may be either the traditional 4:3 or the wide-screen 16:9 aspect ratio.
STL: Studio-transmitter link.
Synchronous Detection: A common detection technique used in television demodulators
that removes quadrature distortion, enabling comparison of transmitter output with video input
signal.
S-Video: Also Y/C. Transmits luminance and color portions separately via multiple wires,
thus avoiding the color encoding process and resulting loss of picture quality.
Tally: A system used to light lamps and indicate usage. Most production switchers have an
internal tally system to indicate selected functions, and which selected functions are currently
involved with Program.
Telecine: A device used to convert film to video. Movie film is digitally sampled and
converted to video frame by frame in real-time.
TCXO: Temperature Compensated Crystal Oscillator.
THD: Total Harmonic Distortion.
Transport StreamATSC (TS): Consists of the following: (1) Packets: 188 bytes, fixed
length with descriptive data; (2) Carries several programs; (3) a PID that identifies the type of TS
packet (video, audio, other); and (4) carries descriptive information about the program.
UHF: Ultra High Frequency.
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Unity Gain: An electronic term indicating that a signal is neither amplified nor attenuated. One
volt of signal level in results in one volt of signal level out.
Vector Clip: A special encoded clip version that limits only the CB and CR input video signals
and does not affect (nor is it affected by) the luminance component. This color-only clip limits
the maximum vector excursions as viewed in an encoded state and is intended for users who
wish to prevent encoded vectors from ever exceeding the perimeter circle of an encoded vector
display.
VHF: Very High Frequency.
VITC: Vertical Interval Time Code. A method for recording onto videotape the time code
address for each video frame inserted in the vertical interval.
White Balance: An electronic process used to calibrate the picture for accurate color display
in different lighting conditions.
White Level: The brightest part of a video signal, corresponding to approximately 1.0 Volt.
Wipe: A special effect in which two pictures from different video sources are displayed on one
screen. Production switchers and special effects generators provide numerous wipe patterns
varying from simple horizontal and vertical wipes to multi-shaped, multi-colored arrangements.
XGA: High-resolution 1024x768 non-interlaced (progressive) display monitor.
YPBPR: CAV format composed of luminance (Y) and two color difference signals (PB and PR).
Y/C: Also S-video. Describes the separation of video signal luminance and chrominance
components.
Zero Carrier Pulse (chopper): In a TV demodulator, removes the carrier in the vertical
interval for a short period, enabling depth of field measurement.

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Index
10 MHz Input Specifications, 133
10 MHz Output Specifications, 135
AES Unbalanced Specifications, 135
Alarms, 109
Analog Audio Output Specifications, 135
Applicable Standards Specifications, 137
ATR, 73
Audio Test Tones, 80
Back Panel
Connectors, 8
Battery Installation, 20
Before Use, 5
Black Burst, 73
Breakout Module, 9
Dip Switch S8, 9, 10
Hz Output, 10
Impulse Out, 11
Time Code Input (TC1 Input), 11
Time Code Outputs, 10
TRG/PPS, 11
CCS Software, 110
Clock, 91
Composite Video Output, 76
Composite Video Output Specifications, 135
Connectors
Back Panel, 8
Controls
Front Panel, 23
Customer Service, 3
DARS OUTPUT (BNC), 13
DARS/EIA/TIA-232-E LTC GPIO
Specifications, 136
Environmental Specifications, 137
Ethernet
Connector Pinouts, 140
Ethernet (10/100 Base-T) Specifications,
133
Free-Run Mode on External Trigger
Specifications, 134
Front Panel
Controls and indicators, 23
Genlock Input Specifications, 133
GPS Receiver Operation, 64
Input Status, 59
Input Time Code, 63

Offset, 64
Input Time Error, 60
Inspecting the shipment, 5
Installation, 5
Installing, 6
Jumper Settings, 21
Master Time Generator
Locking, 59
Mechanical Specifications, 137
Menu
Navigation, 34
NTP, 100, 102, 103, 105, 106, 107
Output On Screen Displays, 108
Output Settings, 72
Black Burst and ATR, 73
DARS Control, 72
Hz Out Control, 72
Setting Impulse Drive Control, 72
Output Synch, 72
Outputs
Time Code Settings, 82
Video Phase, 78
Panel
Back of Unit, 2
Front of Unit, 2
Pinouts
Ethernet Connector, 140
RS-232 Connector, 12
RS-232/422 COMM Connector, 12
Power Requirements Specifications, 137
Power Supply, 20
PPS Specifications, 137
Presets, 112
Naming, 113
Recalling, 113
Storing, 113
RA. See Return Authorization
Rack Mounting, 6
Rackmounting, 6
Reference Inputs, 60
Reviewing Genlock Source Information,
60
Return Authorization, 3
SD/HD SDI Output Characteristics
Specifications, 134

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Index

SDI Video Output, 77


Selecting the Video Input Signal, 62
Serial Connection Settings, 68
Setting Input Sources, 60
MTG, 61
TSG, 61
Setup, 112
Factory Default, 112
HW Version, 112
SW Version, 112
Shipment
Returning to Videotek, 3
Source ID, 109
Specifications, 133
10 MHz Input, 133
10 MHz Output, 135
10/100 Base-T Ethernet, 133
AES Unbalanced, 135
Analog Audio Output, 135
Applicable Standards, 137
Composite Video Output, 135
DARS/EIA/TIA-232-E LTC GPIO, 136
Environmental, 137
Free-Run Mode on External Trigger, 134
Genlock Input, 133
Mechanical, 137
NTP, 134
Power Requirements, 137
PPS, 137
SD/HD SDI Output Characteristics, 134

152

Standard Accessories, 138


Supported GPS Devices, 134
Time through Serial, 134
Video Output (Black Out), 133
Standard Accessories Specifications, 138
Supported GPS Devices Specifications, 134
System Connections
Ethernet, 19
Local PC, 20
Network, 19
GPS-1600 Receiver, 15
GPS3902 or 3903 Receiver, 13, 15
Antenna, 13
GPS5300 Receiver, 16
PC, 18
TCC-1302, 18
Two VSG-410s, 18
Test Signal Generator, 30, 34
Locking, 59
Test Slides, 126, 127, 128
Time Generator, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28
Time through Serial Specifications, 134
Troubleshooting, 129
Upgrading Firmware, 129
Correcting Failed Upgrade, 130
V2A Timing, 110, 111
Vertical Interval Timecode, 79
Video Output (Black Out) Specifications,
133

VSG-410 Installation and Operation Handbook


Copyright 2007, 2008, Harris Corporation

Item Number 061991 Rev. B


Printed 12/08