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Temperature Scales and Thermal Expansion Worksheet 1 (Linear)

1.

A 1.00 x l-0a meter steel railroad track with a coefficient of linear expansion of L2 x 1,06
per degree Celsius changes temperature from L8"C to 38"C. By how many meters will
the railroad tracks expand?

AL

r\uol
/= t\rrfbv-n

; |:{2o'
'":

--/'L"ff

tlYlo-6'c-' ( l,

"

o ()

7,/our)(t I

"( - / I

r)

AL= 2,4 m

fi,r,!^',:n,
Railroad tracks are segmented

into short pieces. Why is this a good idea in a place like

Saskatchewa n?

3. The EiffelTower in Paris is324 meterstall,

and is made primarilyof iron, which has

coefficientof linearexpansion of 1,2x106. TheaveragelowinParisisl.00"Candthe


average high is 24"C. What is average change in height the tower experiences each
yea r?

AL=

L"= 7z4or

4 L"Af

2rr -/'oo"')
-tK-'
ILf/o-%-(lL'tu)(
;;=)LYo
&--fr, Lry'(
LL^ o. A 67 ot
; ll'cn- f ,oo"c
AL--

4.

By how much wo uld you need

to heat a 10.0 foot bar of zinc to make it expand by one

inch? The coeffic ient of linear expans ion of zinc is 30 x l-0-o per degree Celsius.

Lo A7

lo'=a
I 2t- A7-

'l>Tt

?
-c
-6o,-l
a< = 70 ></o

Lo= lo,o

;;,

i ;^

(t

z
' ,! Pr

5.

o' o6')

l---=

ft It dL"
I

o\: L{Y1o
=7

Trlrro'l'c-' (to

dAf =
oont

rffi
l'

)8oL

o ?t)

a7(,6 = b(

A metal bar changes in length by 1.00 meter with a L50 degree Celsius change
temperature. lt's coefficient of linear expansion is 25 x 10-'per degree Celsius. What
the metal bar's original length?

b L: otL'AT
AL'- 1'ooto)
"!-6,r-t a L
AT -- ^'\u
L"
Lo

o, o67fh

L.<

"7o/")

is

Line^. ErV'*V
,r7 /, L u"7
6.

An unknown metal alloy is being tested to discover its thermal properties to see if it is
suitable for use as a component in an aircraft wing. The alloy is formed into a bar
measuring l-.00 meter in length, and is then heated from its starting temperature of 30
degrees Celsius to a finaltemperature of 100.0 degrees Celsius. The length of the
tof
heated bar is measured to be exactly L.002 meters in length. What is th
thermal expansion of the alloy to 2 significant f

DL = ALo

Lu=1,'cgrn

T-- vo'(

7 /0o,0"C
L f t ltoo2\

7.

LL

J--

Lo LT

"(

(uo@

6t

loo.o'(- j rj

20(

The aircraft wing from problem 6 experiences temperature extremes that span 2L0
degrees Celsius. The component for the wing will have a length of 3.00 meters. Testing
indicates that the aircraft wing will remain stable only if the component never expands
to a length largerthan 3.01-7 meters. lf the component is made from the metal alloy in
question, will it meet this requirement?

t 2t0'(

t!1l

--

-t
att- 2,6Yto-{' V

Lf

Lo?r,o%

2,62q0 -(,c
6 u=?

&=

& Lo AiLL= e'6F0f 'c-' (?ooo) (zto'c)


AL}. o,ol6n
Lr t 7'oon, to.or6q >r, o/6h /-/.ot?n'
LL--

B. What are 40"C and -45"C in Kelvin?

4o tttt,
9.

itT k

-Ll,

< >?7

TLEK

A rod 1.0 m long expands 0.50 mm when heated from 20."C to 84"C. What is the
coefficient of linear expansion of the material frgl
fro_p which the rod
rod is made?

/>L=auLI
'// &n
l-u=l,on no,co{orn
/'
-^
oLXT'gfto
rr
,
(
[r--o.for4s,--o.or2o{on _*ff =d
u'
T-c
rr fV"t o,
r'
o,roo(42
-lt ,n,n
*
'? c/"
Lo," T;; t :'nr
L;E)
/
Ev'c '- L"E)
tv"c
"trc
6 '/
steel girder
m at 20."C. lf the temperature drops to
what the length

-6

tr

10. A

is 32.1-0

5.0"C,

of the girder? (Answer to 2 decimal places.)

Lu--l2,lom

'fi: Lq'(
f,: {.0"(

L{-.?
eG Q{ro'6oit

bL=o/ L"6T
La- t) ; d-, l-oAf

/-Fr/L"67*Li

Lr

; l\xtO -

z-'(sx,t

is

o)(ffi

+ 1A,/o*l

L; , n^' l)2'lnnn'*'

/ 7 "P7

lC<1

l-1. A metal rod has a length of L00. cm at 200."C. At what temperature will the length be
1?
99.6 cm if the coefficient of linear expansion of the material in the rod is 2.0 x 10-s "C

Lo;

r)L=

{iz

L6: 1f,6'n'

Tr=7

oL

L"

1'1,

= o.oo

"

'oc''l ++T,= k
410.0

to 250.0

)go.(

"c

K?

(,oo'4
bL= /-L" lT
to= (,ooo1
h=
l*r=/-L.rtT
\: Lf(o,oK l t'-Li= oLL'Ar

ZTo,o l(
Tr t= 2To3
|
t ( trro-6:!'l

oc
6L
T,-, o .oO K'ou
gth of a 6.00
m aluminum rod if the temperature changes from
6.(
12. What is tft ffial leneth

L+-_?

^:

or,t: t 02._.'^J . *
( a . o yr o -{ "c' )(po."',,)

fi

bT
A L= J. Lo ffv-T;)
bt= T|F -Ti
Tt

loo'e't+'r
?.tto.u C

Lr =

r,

oo-)(& fqo K- v m o() t6'


8 r 7 o-t';') (6,

oo,

'Lea7. 18n

L'aT r L;
"<

13. What'is the change in the length'of a 1-5.0 m steel rail as it is cooled from 1535'C to

20"c?

L-2.

L=

J- L-

/)f

AL= l)yro-tor'(tr"on)(\or1fit"c)

Lo= lr,Ot'^
Ti = tf7f"c

Tr' )o " '-n ,. ^

A2 lLYlo M. o]oo.o cm copper wire and

6
a2OL cm platinum (9.0 x 10 "C-1) wire are both at exactly

0"C. At what temperature wil I they be of equal length?

[r=2-o0.o@ A
Lp > Lo lo*'t

f-tl = o'L
-o

-'7"
-.. AT-- T"ft

Lg=Lp , .

znlr-ot- Toou't
l^
.'. 4,.La'Tf +Lc = a7L7G *Lf tlF"*ro (w"o *)- (1,oy
Qz
4" LtTr -Jf LfT= Lf- Lc
{r,t,)

AL= "aLcAT
L

o)

f-h : 6tb AT

ou)

, "l-L. l3TtU
L,t.= Lrf
Lp

6-

ty ( o1' L. - dp Lr)

lrovo-6cl.tr.

d-=

A circular pyrex (+.0 x rb

watch glass of LO.O cm diameter at2L"C is heated to


501"C. What change will be found in the circumference of the glass?
"C-1)

f"ogO- 'o"-' bt-= .( har

Lo= tO"Oo'n

Ti: Ll"C

Tr r To/"c

e6>f "c

fpz aiLc- otf?

,1r- l?tQd"'c;',

i'

' LP-L'

-'
4. oylo*6oc ( / o,o

AL=
ALX 0.o/'lL cq

{r

bL-'7

(_=

6c>7

l.AC=

Tf*

LL

^)

(rotv

DL=rt(o.o?ltcn)
-21 "r)

Lc :

o, o&r*,