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Temperature Scales and Thermal Expansion Worksheet 1 (Linear)

1.

A 1.00 x l-0a meter steel railroad track with a coefficient of linear expansion of L2 x 1,06
per degree Celsius changes temperature from L8"C to 38"C. By how many meters will

AL

r\uol
/= t\rrfbv-n

; |:{2o'
'":

--/'L"ff

tlYlo-6'c-' ( l,

"

o ()

7,/our)(t I

"( - / I

r)

AL= 2,4 m

fi,r,!^',:n,

## coefficientof linearexpansion of 1,2x106. TheaveragelowinParisisl.00"Candthe

average high is 24"C. What is average change in height the tower experiences each
yea r?

AL=

L"= 7z4or

4 L"Af

2rr -/'oo"')
-tK-'
ILf/o-%-(lL'tu)(
;;=)LYo
&--fr, Lry'(
LL^ o. A 67 ot
; ll'cn- f ,oo"c
AL--

4.

## to heat a 10.0 foot bar of zinc to make it expand by one

inch? The coeffic ient of linear expans ion of zinc is 30 x l-0-o per degree Celsius.

Lo A7

lo'=a
I 2t- A7-

'l>Tt

?
-c
-6o,-l
a< = 70 ></o

Lo= lo,o

;;,

i ;^

(t

z
' ,! Pr

5.

o' o6')

l---=

ft It dL"
I

o\: L{Y1o
=7

Trlrro'l'c-' (to

dAf =
oont

rffi
l'

)8oL

o ?t)

a7(,6 = b(

A metal bar changes in length by 1.00 meter with a L50 degree Celsius change
temperature. lt's coefficient of linear expansion is 25 x 10-'per degree Celsius. What
the metal bar's original length?

b L: otL'AT
AL'- 1'ooto)
"!-6,r-t a L
AT -- ^'\u
L"
Lo

o, o67fh

L.<

"7o/")

is

Line^. ErV'*V
,r7 /, L u"7
6.

An unknown metal alloy is being tested to discover its thermal properties to see if it is
suitable for use as a component in an aircraft wing. The alloy is formed into a bar
measuring l-.00 meter in length, and is then heated from its starting temperature of 30
degrees Celsius to a finaltemperature of 100.0 degrees Celsius. The length of the
tof
heated bar is measured to be exactly L.002 meters in length. What is th
thermal expansion of the alloy to 2 significant f

DL = ALo

Lu=1,'cgrn

T-- vo'(

7 /0o,0"C
L f t ltoo2\

7.

LL

J--

Lo LT

"(

(uo@

6t

loo.o'(- j rj

20(

The aircraft wing from problem 6 experiences temperature extremes that span 2L0
degrees Celsius. The component for the wing will have a length of 3.00 meters. Testing
indicates that the aircraft wing will remain stable only if the component never expands
to a length largerthan 3.01-7 meters. lf the component is made from the metal alloy in
question, will it meet this requirement?

t 2t0'(

t!1l

--

-t
att- 2,6Yto-{' V

Lf

Lo?r,o%

2,62q0 -(,c
6 u=?

&=

## & Lo AiLL= e'6F0f 'c-' (?ooo) (zto'c)

AL}. o,ol6n
Lr t 7'oon, to.or6q >r, o/6h /-/.ot?n'
LL--

## B. What are 40"C and -45"C in Kelvin?

4o tttt,
9.

itT k

-Ll,

< >?7

TLEK

A rod 1.0 m long expands 0.50 mm when heated from 20."C to 84"C. What is the
coefficient of linear expansion of the material frgl
fro_p which the rod

/>L=auLI
'// &n
l-u=l,on no,co{orn
/'
-^
oLXT'gfto
rr
,
(
[r--o.for4s,--o.or2o{on _*ff =d
u'
T-c
rr fV"t o,
r'
o,roo(42
-lt ,n,n
*
'? c/"
Lo," T;; t :'nr
L;E)
/
Ev'c '- L"E)
tv"c
"trc
6 '/
steel girder
m at 20."C. lf the temperature drops to
what the length

-6

tr

10. A

is 32.1-0

5.0"C,

## of the girder? (Answer to 2 decimal places.)

Lu--l2,lom

'fi: Lq'(
f,: {.0"(

L{-.?
eG Q{ro'6oit

bL=o/ L"6T
La- t) ; d-, l-oAf

/-Fr/L"67*Li

Lr

; l\xtO -

z-'(sx,t

is

o)(ffi

+ 1A,/o*l

L; , n^' l)2'lnnn'*'

/ 7 "P7

lC<1

l-1. A metal rod has a length of L00. cm at 200."C. At what temperature will the length be
1?
99.6 cm if the coefficient of linear expansion of the material in the rod is 2.0 x 10-s "C

Lo;

r)L=

{iz

L6: 1f,6'n'

Tr=7

oL

L"

1'1,

= o.oo

"

'oc''l ++T,= k
410.0

to 250.0

)go.(

"c

K?

(,oo'4
bL= /-L" lT
to= (,ooo1
h=
l*r=/-L.rtT
\: Lf(o,oK l t'-Li= oLL'Ar

ZTo,o l(
Tr t= 2To3
|
t ( trro-6:!'l

oc
6L
T,-, o .oO K'ou
gth of a 6.00
m aluminum rod if the temperature changes from
6.(
12. What is tft ffial leneth

L+-_?

^:

or,t: t 02._.'^J . *
( a . o yr o -{ "c' )(po."',,)

fi

bT
A L= J. Lo ffv-T;)
bt= T|F -Ti
Tt

loo'e't+'r
?.tto.u C

Lr =

r,

## oo-)(& fqo K- v m o() t6'

8 r 7 o-t';') (6,

oo,

'Lea7. 18n

L'aT r L;
"<

13. What'is the change in the length'of a 1-5.0 m steel rail as it is cooled from 1535'C to

20"c?

L-2.

L=

J- L-

/)f

AL= l)yro-tor'(tr"on)(\or1fit"c)

Lo= lr,Ot'^
Ti = tf7f"c

## A2 lLYlo M. o]oo.o cm copper wire and

6
a2OL cm platinum (9.0 x 10 "C-1) wire are both at exactly

## 0"C. At what temperature wil I they be of equal length?

[r=2-o0.o@ A
Lp > Lo lo*'t

f-tl = o'L
-o

-'7"
-.. AT-- T"ft

Lg=Lp , .

znlr-ot- Toou't
l^
.'. 4,.La'Tf +Lc = a7L7G *Lf tlF"*ro (w"o *)- (1,oy
Qz
4" LtTr -Jf LfT= Lf- Lc
{r,t,)

AL= "aLcAT
L

o)

f-h : 6tb AT

ou)

, "l-L. l3TtU
L,t.= Lrf
Lp

6-

ty ( o1' L. - dp Lr)

lrovo-6cl.tr.

d-=

## watch glass of LO.O cm diameter at2L"C is heated to

501"C. What change will be found in the circumference of the glass?
"C-1)

Lo= tO"Oo'n

Ti: Ll"C

Tr r To/"c

e6>f "c

## fpz aiLc- otf?

,1r- l?tQd"'c;',

i'

' LP-L'

-'
4. oylo*6oc ( / o,o

AL=
ALX 0.o/'lL cq

{r

bL-'7

(_=

6c>7

l.AC=

Tf*

LL

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(rotv

DL=rt(o.o?ltcn)
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