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STRUCTURAL STEELWORK & TIMBER DESIGN - ECS328

TIMBER DESIGN TIMBER BEAM


JUN OCT13 MA.T

Clause

Remarks
TIMBER BEAM DESIGN
A timber section of 75 mm x 150 mm SG2 type grade is designed
to supports a flooring system which exerts a short-term uniformly
distributed load of 1.2 kN/m as shown in figure. The beam is simply
supported and held in position with no notches at both ends on
brick walls. Given the timber is in dry condition and no defect,
determine:
1. Bending stress
2. Shear stresses
3. Bearing Stress,
4. Lateral Buckling and
5. Deflection of timber beam
Conclude whether provided timber beam is sufficient to resist
load.

1. DETERMINE GRADE STRESSES OF TIMBER


Appdx.
C1

Based on Appendix C.1, for normal purpose, standard structural


grade should be applied.
For SG2 grade standard in dry condition

Table 4.

Bending Parallel to Grain, b,g,// = 18.3 N/mm2


Shear Parallel to Grain, g,// = 1.95 N/mm2
Compression perpendicular to grain, c,g, = 3.05 N/mm2
Emin = 12,600 N/mm2
Emean = 16,800 N/mm2

STRUCTURAL STEELWORK & TIMBER DESIGN - ECS328


TIMBER DESIGN TIMBER BEAM
JUN OCT13 MA.T

2. DETERMINE MODIFICATION FACTOR, K


Duration of Loading, K1
Table 5.

For short term duration of loading, K1 = 1.50

C10.a).b)

Load Sharing System, K2


For simply supported beam, K2 = 1.0 and use for Emin to determine
deflection of timber beam
Length & Position of Bearing, K3

Table 6.1

Bearing Length > 150 mm .: K3 = 1.0


Shear at Notched End, K4

C11.4

No notched at both end .: K4 = 1.0


Form Factor, K5

C11.5

Grade bending stresses apply to solid timber members of


rectangular cross section .: K5 = 1.0
Depth Factor, K6

C11.6

For depths of beams < 300 mm .: K6 = 1.0

STRUCTURAL STEELWORK & TIMBER DESIGN - ECS328


TIMBER DESIGN TIMBER BEAM
JUN OCT13 MA.T

3. PERMISSIBLE BENDING STRESS


Determine permissible bending stress b,p,//
b,p,// = b,g,// x K1 X K2 X K5 X K6
= 18.3 x 1.5 X 1.0 X 1.0 X 1.0
= 27.45 N/mm2
4. PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS
Determine permissible shear stress p,//
p,// = g,// x K1 X K2 X K4
= 1.95 x 1.5 X 1.0 X 1.0
= 2.925 N/mm2
5. PERMISSIBLE BEARING STRESS
Determine permissible bearing stress c,p,
c,p, = c,g, x K1 X K2 X K3
= 3.05 x 1.5 X 1.0 X 1.0
= 4.575 N/mm2
6. LATERAL BUCKLING
Table 7

For end held in position, maximum depth to breadth ratio = 3


Depth, h = 150 mm
Breadth, b = 75 mm
h/b = 150/75
=2
Since 2 < 3 .: Section was prevent from lateral buckling under
design load
7. ALLOWABLE DEFLECTION
Deflection of member when fully loaded does not exceed 0.003
of the span
allow = 0.003 x Le
= 0.003 x 6000
= 18 mm

STRUCTURAL STEELWORK & TIMBER DESIGN - ECS328


TIMBER DESIGN TIMBER BEAM
JUN OCT13 MA.T

8. CHECK ADEQUACY OF TIMBER BEAM


i. Applied bending stress parallel to grain
b,a,// = Mmax y / Ixx
Mmax = wL2/8
= 1.2 (62)/8
= 5.4 x 106 Nmm
y = 150/2
= 75 mm
Table B.3b

Ixx = 17,915,904mm4
.: b,a,// = Mmax y / Ixx
= (5.4x106 x 75)/17,915,904
= 22.61 N/mm2
ii. Applied shear stress parallel to grain
a,// = 1.5 ( Vmax / A)
Vmax = wL/2
=(1.2 x 6)/2
=3.6x 103 N

Table B.3b

A = 10368 mm2
.: a,// = 1.5 ( 3.6x103 / 10368)
= 0.52 N/mm2
iii. Applied bearing stress perpendicular to grain
c,a, = F / Abearing
= 3.6 x 103 / (75x200)
= 0.24 N/mm2

STRUCTURAL STEELWORK & TIMBER DESIGN - ECS328


TIMBER DESIGN TIMBER BEAM
JUN OCT13 MA.T

iv. Actual deflection


total = bending + shear
bending = 5wL4 /384EI
=(5x1.2N/mmx 60004) /384(12,600 N/mm2 x 17,915,904mm4)
= 89.7 mm
shear = 12wL2 / 5EA
= 12 (1.2N/mm)(60002) / 5(12,600 N/mm2 x 10368 mm2)
= 0.79 mm
.: total = bending + shear
= 89.7 mm + 0.79 mm
= 90.49 mm

Bending stress
Shear Stress
Bearing Stress
Deflection

Permissible

Actual

Actual /
Permissible

Result

27.45
2.925
4.575
18

22.61
0.52
0.24
90.49

0.82
0.18
0.05
5.02

Adequate
Adequate
Adequate
Fail