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12. SEPARATOR

(SP-01)

 Fungsi : Tipe : Bahan : Gambar :

Tempat pemisahaan sisa bahan baku gas hidrogen Flash Drum Separator

Stainless Steel

FEED

UAP
LIQUID

1 Kondisi Operasi

 Temperatur = 29.22 Tekanan = 12.49

o C

atm

2 Karakteristik Feed

 Laju alir massa, W f = 9670.90 kg/jam = 2.6864 kg/detik

2

2

Densitas,

Volumetrik,

F =

=

V f

=

=

3 Karakteristik Gas

Laju alir massa, W g

 Densitas, Volumetrik,

g

V g

4 Karakteristik Liquid

Laju alir massa, W l

Densitas,

Volumetrik,

l

V L

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

 811.33 kg/m 3 W f / F 2.6864 kg/detik 811.3300 kg/m 3
 0.0033 3 / s m 339.1819 kg/jam 0.0942 kg/detik 45 kg/m 3 W g / g 0.0942 kg/detik 45.00 kg/m 3
 0.0021 3 / s m 9331.7177 kg/jam 2.5921 kg/detik 823.25 kg/m 3 W g / g 2.5921 kg/detik 823.25 kg/m 3

0.0031

2

m 3 / s

3

5 Faktor Kecepatan Uap, K V
V
=
( W L / W g ) ( g / L ) 0,5
0.5
2.5921
45
=
x
0.0942
823.25
=
6.4323 m/s

Sumber : (Peters. P. 720)

…….( Pers. 5-1,Evans)

Maka, dari grafik 15.7 Peters halaman 720 didapat harga faktor kecepatan uap adalah:

K v

=

0.09

6 Menghitung kecepatan maksimum gas (V m ) maks.

V m

l
g
Sumber : (Peters. P. 722)
=
K
v
g
823.25
-
45
=
0.09
45

=

0.3743

m/s

7 Minimum Cross Section Area, A m

A m

=

W g

(

g

.

V

m

)

0.0942 kg/detik

=

45

= 0.00559

kg/m 3

2

m

x

0.3743

m/s

2

4

8 Cross Section Area, A t

A t

 = A m / K v 0.00559 2 m = 0.09 0.0622 2 = m

9 Diameter Separator, D

0.5
 4 A 
D =
t
4
x
0.0622
=
3.14
=
0.2814
m
10 Liquid Holding Time =
0.3
menit
=
18
detik
V H
=
V L
x
t
3
=
0.0031
m /s
x
18
s
3
=
0.0567
m
11 Tinggi Vessel , L
L
=
/
V H
A t
3
0.0567
m
=
2
0.0622
m
=
0.9118
m

2

5

Perbandingan Panjang (L) dengan Diameter (D) yang diizinkan adalah : 3 < L/D < 5

Chek :

 L/D = 0.9118 m 0.2814 m = 3.2405 (memenuhi)

 h = 1/4 (D) = 0.25 x 0.2814 m = 0.0703 m

13 Tinggi Total Separator, H

 H = L + 2 h = 0.9118 + ( 2 x 0.0703 ) = 1.0525 m 14. Tebal Dinding (t) t P x R + C = (S x E) 0,6 P Sumber: Plant Design and Economics For Chemical Engineers, p 570 dimana: P =Tekanan Desain = 12.49 atm = 12.902 kg/cm 2 R =Jari-Jari Tanki = 0.031 cm S =Allowable Stress = 931.97 kg/cm 2 E =Joint Effisiensi = 85% C =Allowable Corrosion = 0.125 inchi = 0.318 cm

2

6

Sumber : ( Perry's "Chemical Engineers' Hanbook" tabel 23.2, ed. 5)

Untuk umur pabrik 11 tahun = 11 tahun

 x 0.318 cm/tahun = 3.493 cm 12.90217 kg/cm 2 x 0.031 cm 931.97 3.493 kg/cm 2 cm x 0.85 - 0.6 x 12.902 kg/cm 2 0.0349 m

t

=

=

=

12. SEPARATOR

(SP-01)

+

3.493

cm

 IDENTIFIKASI Nama Alat : Separator Kode Alat : (SP-01) Jumlah : 1 Fungsi : Tempat pemisahaan sisa bahan baku gas hidrogen DESAIN Tipe : Flash Drum Separator Tekanan : 12.49 atm Diameter : 0.28 m Tinggi : 1.05 m Tebal dinding : 3.493 cm Volumetrik : 0.0031 m 3 /s 2 Luas area : 0.0056 m Bahan Konstruksi : Carbon Steel

2

7

6

55.937

###

2

8

6

 56.83 910.344477 0.5 339

0.02831685

###

2

9

6

* (Peters. P. 722)

2

10

6

3.2405

2

11

6

 t P x R + C = (S x E) 0,6 P Sumber: Plant Design and 2
R
Pt =0.032

12

6

t

=

P x R

(S x E)

0,6 P

2

+

C

(19 x d
(D
(O
R
(19 x d
(D
(O
P t
=0.032

13

14

15

16

17

Ct =0.011
d to =0.021

2

18

d
) +
D
=0 715 m
OD =0 725 m
d ) +
t
C =0.011
=0.021
d to
D =0 715 m
OD =0 725 m

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