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1

12. SEPARATOR

(SP-01)

Fungsi

:

Tipe

:

Bahan

:

Gambar

:

Tempat pemisahaan sisa bahan baku gas hidrogen Flash Drum Separator

Stainless Steel

FEED

FEED UAP LIQUID
UAP LIQUID
UAP
LIQUID

1 Kondisi Operasi

Temperatur

=

29.22

Tekanan

=

12.49

o C

atm

2 Karakteristik Feed

Laju alir massa, W f

=

9670.90

kg/jam

=

2.6864

kg/detik

2

2

Densitas,

Volumetrik,

F =

=

V f

=

=

3 Karakteristik Gas

Laju alir massa, W g

Densitas,

Volumetrik,

g

V g

4 Karakteristik Liquid

Laju alir massa, W l

Densitas,

Volumetrik,

l

V L

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

811.33

kg/m 3

W f /

F

2.6864

 

kg/detik

811.3300

kg/m 3

0.0033

3 / s

m

339.1819

kg/jam

0.0942

kg/detik

 

45

kg/m 3

W g /

g

0.0942

 

kg/detik

45.00

kg/m 3

0.0021

3 / s

m

9331.7177

kg/jam

2.5921

kg/detik

823.25

kg/m 3

W g /

g

2.5921

 

kg/detik

823.25

 

kg/m 3

0.0031

2

m 3 / s

3

5 Faktor Kecepatan Uap, K V V = ( W L / W g )
5 Faktor Kecepatan Uap, K V
V
=
( W L / W g ) ( g / L ) 0,5
0.5
2.5921
45
=
x
0.0942
823.25
=
6.4323 m/s

Sumber : (Peters. P. 720)

…….( Pers. 5-1,Evans)

Maka, dari grafik 15.7 Peters halaman 720 didapat harga faktor kecepatan uap adalah:

K v

=

0.09

6 Menghitung kecepatan maksimum gas (V m ) maks.

V m

l g Sumber : (Peters. P. 722) = K v g 823.25 - 45 =
l
g
Sumber : (Peters. P. 722)
=
K
v
g
823.25
-
45
=
0.09
45

=

0.3743

m/s

7 Minimum Cross Section Area, A m

A m

=

W g

(

g

.

V

m

)

0.0942 kg/detik

=

45

= 0.00559

kg/m 3

2

m

x

0.3743

m/s

2

4

8 Cross Section Area, A t

A t

=

A m / K v

0.00559

2

m

=

 

0.09

 

0.0622

2

=

m

9 Diameter Separator, D

0.5  4 A  D = t     4 x 0.0622
0.5
 4 A 
D =
t
4
x
0.0622
=
3.14
=
0.2814
m
10 Liquid Holding Time =
0.3
menit
=
18
detik
V H
=
V L
x
t
3
=
0.0031
m /s
x
18
s
3
=
0.0567
m
11 Tinggi Vessel , L
L
=
/
V H
A t
3
0.0567
m
=
2
0.0622
m
=
0.9118
m

2

5

Perbandingan Panjang (L) dengan Diameter (D) yang diizinkan adalah : 3 < L/D < 5

Chek :

L/D

=

0.9118

m

 
 

0.2814

m

=

3.2405

(memenuhi)

12 Tinggi Ellipsoidal Head, h

h

=

1/4 (D)

=

0.25

x

0.2814

m

=

0.0703

m

13 Tinggi Total Separator, H

 

H

=

L

+

2 h

 
 

=

0.9118

+

(

2

x

0.0703

)

=

1.0525

m

14. Tebal Dinding (t)

 
 

t

 

P x R

 

+

C

 

=

 

(S x E)

 

0,6 P

 

Sumber: Plant Design and Economics For Chemical Engineers, p 570

dimana:

 

P

=Tekanan Desain

 

=

12.49

atm

=

12.902

kg/cm 2

R

=Jari-Jari Tanki

=

0.031

cm

S

=Allowable Stress

=

931.97

kg/cm 2

 

E

=Joint Effisiensi

=

85%

C

=Allowable Corrosion

=

0.125

inchi

=

0.318

cm

2

6

Sumber : ( Perry's "Chemical Engineers' Hanbook" tabel 23.2, ed. 5)

Untuk umur pabrik 11 tahun = 11 tahun

 

x

0.318

cm/tahun

 
 

=

3.493 cm

 
 

12.90217

kg/cm 2

x

0.031

cm

931.97 3.493

931.97

3.493

kg/cm 2

cm

x

0.85

0.85

-

931.97 3.493 kg/cm 2 cm x 0.85 - 0.6 x 12.902 kg/cm 2

0.6

x

12.902

kg/cm 2

931.97 3.493 kg/cm 2 cm x 0.85 - 0.6 x 12.902 kg/cm 2

0.0349

m

t

=

=

=

12. SEPARATOR

(SP-01)

+

3.493

cm

 

IDENTIFIKASI

Nama Alat

:

Separator

Kode Alat

:

(SP-01)

Jumlah

:

1

Fungsi

:

Tempat pemisahaan sisa bahan baku gas hidrogen

 

DESAIN

Tipe

:

Flash Drum Separator

Tekanan

:

12.49

atm

Diameter

:

0.28

m

Tinggi

:

1.05

m

Tebal dinding

:

3.493

cm

Volumetrik

:

0.0031

m 3 /s

 

2

Luas area

:

0.0056

m

Bahan Konstruksi

:

Carbon Steel

2

7

6

55.937

###

2

8

6

56.83

910.344477

0.5 339

0.02831685

###

2

9

6

9 6 * (Peters. P. 722) 2
9 6 * (Peters. P. 722) 2

* (Peters. P. 722)

2

10

6

3.2405

2

11

6

t

 

P x R

 

+

C

=

 

(S x E)

0,6 P

Sumber: Plant

Design and

 

2

R Pt =0.032
R
Pt =0.032

12

6

t

=

P x R

(S x E)

0,6 P

2

+

C

(19 x d (D (O R (19 x d (D (O P t =0.032
(19 x d
(D
(O
R
(19 x d
(D
(O
P t
=0.032

13

14

15

16

17

Ct =0.011 d to =0.021
Ct =0.011
d to =0.021

2

18

d ) + D =0 715 m OD =0 725 m d ) + t
d
) +
D
=0 715 m
OD =0 725 m
d ) +
t
C =0.011
=0.021
d to
D =0 715 m
OD =0 725 m

2