Anda di halaman 1dari 256

r|t6t4't-t't "tv

c)tf

,,

ot/ $)vL iuil dv.tL


-tlVttr| cf 'fieiv'

,f
lstt
,o'f
.,4./-r /tt l'<
,o|tl *

4tr*l

-14t./,'V

\1

^A))
1

:tt I +')Vt!c|i
-*'|a/tv F.{ p,!,st6,4

Lr'r !,;2,t<,1 J,y',lri- +-

{ ,t'i

,f, -r/

13}vL ,Jtt.i ctv,,L 6'Ce ,iv"

-tlxc, osv{

/:t

i-tl6't

4ulng ,tvo ,.d,,1

/'7 fi: l'4


ekt/*
4u/*l

U,'-t; )-,- I'*

V 1r-r'

r-L +T'&A'ar

lr*-'
tmEi

'o;

er$?y^*,

;
:

(SummarY)

zli

-l

{,t"rL ot/L',tt,,t -vtL6,r2.-it )vrf tt,ut


+ rk z-;v -,a!aJ,fu,! L/d'd. La ,'t'Jt-ii. /e.titJ',' {L,JGf, -.s1. )'ti-!)4 )v "Ve'Jl
-vtr/L $'e--)Ytf r)l L J"' o') =vt! - "ttLg*
dlt /,$t6 6,o-/v -L'itt!/=\.['t 41Lgt -Qtq
t?O,' o{6,ec-;r.)!, +,.{ ..5 o\1,/ -1-ti/ -.i
L1 )tt".6'c--tt6611,) Sv"l7.: y'lJ &A.il
q-Jv,t,) Jc&P "'t;t
Li t-,.otL

^Je4461{x,,t, ;l!z- lv ic -.r 4 L v r j ir


"
"t
L,i,-,4ju" r)t'C Jotg,J ldc ,ttb tf. ulJt &iitf
11,,, ;

t{L

)-Q - 1

-c441 lPf'-vt

,!fr4A",/t s,e 6'tt-;r!


'J,V

,e L1,,t

Uftfir-

y,;
L
'!i-.t1l-

e-rx1v

1,/'-f t; 0l z-'b

J'- 6,'Lfo

dlt

- 7 d/,'P' ;e

t- -;?4, {-26'lq' v.r

,/

.^'.Ll

i64

J+o

rF
'4

tr.--.(

6'tic-/N

,-|!)Ll otzi,J -;v-a',t 7&.'/,v,,y'- L/,J'O Jl


LV, l t)
ttu Jt"t/( -;v j'.{L.r,r:,
-'J'ti,';L
'-Fr,
ugt, t);v,rtLu{4 ,f,;st -7frv',6 ,:rtr( el/E
.-Sv1vr -,;,'t plv e; '/v th-tl '>t6tL L*t4
t

-r-iE

'.ptL

g,7

11vt,!J )

6't2,'t

v/uf4iJ'e

,.{{.-'1'' Ly'"\lt't i-L"/U oflt4to -,tltLC*


(utL f+ [r .-vfJl a t,*',.r, o.t,'t'5lu{ il;bLJV6- Ut/

-(t -ita!.cti't

g- ,t s,7, o,o,( l-;-1'.t J't1l

)P6 ,1ua4':L J'e,J,(6'O.-;r"??!L,J'ec-; v


j'S ," t|tvt.,/c{,.t 1tt,t,'J,a r',,t ;3 (,, rf
2u
,!., ) t,'t, L,j t. :.t6,'t ; i t)) v L'hA,,J'rt,:v,,/l
-?,F,!... t2{ or' i'#"r otf' ov'/,'" v' J |j
,

ie|-t -f ;e.PJ,j,r ;P- L'.',Lf &p'.:\


u' ,,uL' -+{/oo 4- jP|l a J':.,' iw' }'s1 17
u-ttt,j'i+{{Ja,.fl,;i,! 6r,1t f- '!+ -Ya=t

v!,'4 tt/,'t ,t[CAv,6"i*1,'/t ,,;7' f v 'e--tt6 *-y-t


cbi LtLi i't - g'.r,i Jb' c.t't;t ,'*L'lt -'IJe
Jc-tL,)cz6e

61$r(lv Y.- Lt".tr-{{ Jadl

(t.y
,,t1, it,e( ,'tr,C*,..GP+A*6{ -tr',r|r.:/, f
dl ":l'l tF 6,het rL.et -+Wttvl q'g/ ,rt'hir
,tt,,Jtn? ({c)Vl (Methodolosy)f OV&

-rt,th,,iin",
ctt J4- '!-rc-+({,tuh9f6

-+({&til

J":/ -atr'.t ?rq.t

J'+L,tt't

-v'/

cdt"+(fi!

f- 6 & -a,u.Gii,,L{2c,-$(f 6'1& a\'l


({./}tf( -$ Jt,Lith t)t,LfLf etwltrt ,,*
-r4

Topic: A study of Ttend towards dolayed mariages


and its Social lmpact
The iopic of our sea.ch thesis is aboul lhe .ause and consiquence or the lale

In lhis rsearch

rc

Lnl

have

f:: lo

find

out

the poblem and to

know

arso

which class of lhis pople ar nosty afiecbd by lhis prcblm We hav also
tried to

knw aboul i6lutu.e inpacl

on soctely prospous

sans p.obl6m, whil apparenlly lhero is no .6ason for

*mslo
It

'

be one rssu of laie

lbmili6 a tacing lhe

it

However. povedy

naniag*.

as r among lile edlcaled. lat6 naiiiages have bkdtlh iioir ol a hshion

Throlgh ou. rc*arch we have ried ro e.quic inro the maner

A nsglive impacl of laie marnages is thal afl6r a paniculdr age both spcially
tho women

retue ro ger maried .t

hEe se/e

atl and when lhis londncy prevails at a

among lhe youngsier what will be the lale of society as a whole. h,

consequences .nay ut

Ibe

imagined. Social evils are opt

lo gonerate Our

socisly |s basiclly.eligious.

Lale marrage rs not commendable lslam. Lite of cellbacy E lota y againsi

It is qulte a n6w

iopr

and

no rese.rch has been

madJl so rsr

This imponant topic is omprised of live chapters, manipLrlatraby the researcher

ptoblem
Chapie. one is conssled of bnet di$ussion and the juslificalion ot
m@ning of late mariage. wdding poblems

lslan,

and custons,

@ncept of kin in

sociological and lslamic concepi of mairiage and kev concepls

Hypothosis

ar'd vanabbs

In chapler two, w have discussed lhe bac{g.ou.d lated lilerature whrch


based

-$cial,

lslamic and Ch.istian ideology/ views

included lh views and thoughlJ6xped in the

lhis ch.pter we aso

field Such as psychologrsq

scholars. teachers of Karachi Unive.sily, NGOS, workers, MadEge B!reaur.

Gynecologist etc. Besides thls ditferenl anicles, reated lo lhls


newspaper and magazines are

also

mrhod,

daia

trame

@l*

ds sampii.g

of

@niingency

has

ben defned Both

and explanalory stldy aE including in lhis chapEr. Though sampling

is pu.posiverboth, qualtaloe and

ln chapier four ihe

fom

sdrch

collocton, nea3urernent of variables, analysis ot stalislr/

chisquac and @fficient

d*.iplive

included

our rhkd chapter in merhodoly in which a


mitrod of

lop c

qua.tt

bve methodrare u6ed for

aBre6 of queslionnaie

have

ben

anaFis of

reprsenld in lhe

ot simple tables, and lhe hypothsis and iE @nlingency lables aarso

in chdpler live whole s!mmary of resarch, ls concrusron

and

r6conmendaton in rh6 rghr ol the resuits hav6 been deained Besiderlhe


problems fa@d by the searcher in tnis research have also

ben

menlion?.I.

ctt"ro.)
J'twl

i,o
1-'t 6

16-20

vt/ tL,i

ev'6 !.'

..

u0

l.f

r,J, 6'116u fid

21-23

,<t!.tLir,j6rA{u&

23-24

*flJ,O-,it

24-27

oa.:r{: ,,t't1{rf ,P1! pye gft

,l'g4l + 4rt(E{t/"t

c.tzt}

'f,!'pr

27

1f n1'c

-28

28-33
33-35

rhot,

35-36

36-37

,)(

37

-4'l

I,l

dB('

')({'}Svr
.el iv,r{ o'a
6'a

'.o

8(y

6tO*'V

t,

tl

i)vL6'0

42-45

,tti

ii5-46

otd AlvLL.l:

t.i,

1..12

17-50

tbt

50-51
5't

6'c

|,tf

1ir7r

evt/

-53

t.

t0

t-t!

.|,

53-54

tA!*t'i s{
eVlt,

58-59

r.

rt

aDvl

,tVfi'.

P ,,t{'Vtt/

60-83

Prl,!'c

63-67

.tr('v,d' t9

67-69

-)

70-71

y'tAU,v'

81-84

futozu

i)v+

,t'.Y
E9-96

6,cc

rl/tcLt,t,tfa.

l,*,e
/Y tlo

f.f

f.f

f.r

f,6

I.t

3l6u,Pt'..96'v

96-99

elUtt

't00-102

r.t

b-t
f,r"v

r.f

103-104

'fz-u 'ta)

r.l

104-105

edrfuv

'ta) ,i<n
'Q) $tht,e
,ta.,

lttl

,{,n'

r.f

f,t,',-t

--ttl

r05-106

,tu,t't
107

6tty'

108

eri(

108-1 I

111-113

,telL

u{Av

c/6oP
-jill

Jcrt,&

Js{
6*2.'$

113-114

.tt

111-115
'115-118

118
117
't

Dcgroe

of

eF

a!,FQ:i

r.a

cntsquarelty'rJ(

f.l.

Fr.dom

Co-Effocint

(:r:Ie"'t

*a/

18

PQ,wl
't

19

115-120

,f!,e,,'*,
6.ivJry ltt'P

-ll

ftf

,Jtrsui
2-,

121-172

123

".!

gr,,ntd

d(t'-tt

,t,i{ ,:)(n'=rt

6fi'&td ,t'it! o(*+rt


12 6.?'/ 6'et|., tti { o(n +tz

124
125

p61n

t& ,t'i6

'J:

,-/ dt3'qJ,O4;Etd ,ui{ ct(*:=rt,

.-,'!)
128

de.'L6't2.-/t,Jo,'/td t'i{ st(*:-tz r'r

-r,
12s.Bo

L 6,04;t,j r){1td.t,i6 t)fu1'-t| t'a


|.'.

'?to 9e')

,V( r)'Aisd ,t'i'! ctfu'-tz.

131

132

vt

iut, /
|

t{t'O,a'r t d,r,i 1! s(a *r z.

't3l]-134

7i' ,vl tr'e,!5,./td ,u16 ct(*ryrz

135

I,,.v4

't36

137

t./

6'C

6'ctfu&Al "r'i{ ct(z'-c.

I r)*,rt.-

ltt\J'o'!;

t:,)tt; t d

,t,i6o(*\tt

-.:

Q t',t ,J 'C ,!ot

r'!o

{ltd,ti 6 d(e, ?tt

ttv.'

138

tJfielrd

1,-/ttl ,"i6

o(t'-tt

-t-,,t,
139140
-W{ gv' ,JZItd ,t,i{ ct(*'-tr.
,e?4nP J-)!Irt) ,ti,! 'J(*'-tt
141-142
u:.tu q,,./et)tz-zL6'g( itvrA "1,1{ r) a,rtr

glEt {;
-cdL6'e{ }ttr} 't,'i6 t)(*'rrz
0t,k: aP' 1)v:td "t,iL! g(z'.tr.

145
146-147

+ -r ')

14E

( t(

".-JlJ

2csl "r,',! ct&'-'t


cgqJ,,tt,

149

O;{Otttt}. "116

o(t'\)r

t'.tl

[*4'! ctucilx*. ,t)i{ dfu -E r ll


152 tLJ'tt 6on/t- r)tt;td. ,ri[ o('2'rtt ( .ft

1so-f

s1

-z-ttt -y(lY'-t 6'A6t

153

,1,'t Lf) ,>1,! tt j6ui

tr! "t,i{ ct(* '-tz r rr

d$t(6t9..- Z c& t) ity'


154-55

156
157

qtee-;r&)
e46&6'0

tlL

tfsr!. "ui{ d(*z)?c r $

)tu(/"ltd ,t,i{ o(h'-tr


!- 6.y Fsd ,t,i{ o(*'-tt

J:t/'(,.! ;f t6 ,tt'\) ctsr'-tt r.t^

158

159

o'vJ

J't2\)

J?( )itg 't, O dr,r'-tt

F.t1

C44t
160

.-)v 4/

,uit!ct(*'=tz r.r'
'P iv'.t.6'Ct;*

*6

161

./
.
r rl
qlts,t'tt)
Jr4'-t2
1-lva'h6alv

)t
'162

163

',4e/tw
ja.

-t

E,(',rL/tg

.UttJ

n,1

OUtl'-E

J J(a'*tt
Ne./.bv)tV

184
165
166

/o

6,vuF (tyt t

V :.4t16

CE

?t

tt,, o ugz,ft i
I

6,t, O Ogll'-tt
I

Z.'h:'! e,),./ Llvrtrt .ui{ st*,-tz


, e-..
ltz-/.
7-O'

167

U:(

'l4i'j!/t)rd ,ti{ c)(*'-tt

168

)t2JJ 6't)t JlzLzgtt,DtJ

169

+vJ)1
Gr&6'c 6ft& :?tr*, ,t,1[ r)(a'-tt

95*

'-tt

'/

170

-4fiJ'O-;E e...|t* "ui{ e1(*,.c

r .r'.

171
172

173

Jr'6!;;

t'i6
t)(*'-tt
'?&*

o(t'-tt
c'v'/
Wttttt t 6'tt4 ; t"t s)v., L t& & J{I
c)ttv

)r)td ,t,Irt

?
174

175

Vlt,f 'j 6 fi a.i tnt o, i


Vttet ,lt/ 6fh,try^ 6'C-. /t6ut,t
-

1-c

.-rv!|yl
176
177

178
179
180

-?.Vtt ;P\t

tJttt),

)'u"t 6'ec-;t

-1-rv* tY& J,'tiL- &v't J'er-rill ,Y'/ u!'U 6P, lv1,t 6'tt.'

;t

;t

+tv\t Y,J '!ri r''! a't 6'e-ir


*tyS tti;t :tr :iLott/,tt .tr'l"t J'e11.

?r,
181

?rV!tP&6'0c-;E 'tc'/ e')lt( Jt,l

i-t
182-189

190-202

-'lt

Lp

a.l

0.,

203-208
209-213
214-217

218-223
224-229
230-231

232

tr'

Lov'r

"

r/ i)

vL,,t "t
r

E)v-rL

6 )o1

"

-")tt,6triJ/1
i,ti-J't?l

,*V'{Y'-r.t

:
u i tL -,t',-,t' J tv L -', F,1, t, - 7 t;,-f iF L lt ;
,!84 4'L }'2 iti
- J{ - ik ft,f i t' I r,.t 1t/,5fi
v

/
-LtiL vvult/'i't'

t.-t

'n

)vt

e\"/,i

t)a

Jt )'t

)',,,1a-U,!dv''(tt'e'

o,qtt: o'1"!),'t1; cJtJgS

l \'f 'rv :

'!Ni' '!/f "(l'

y,vt/;/,,t:/i,t;,.t. 't'i itJat L fiJ+ 'i'ii-:e'


p{o f! c" ''t'2
,t,J,cI!,N,,Lril\ii)?o,n

'i."tur

"

ft,j,ttJtltfu/j,/,t:iv n 6:t'""''f ' -!


t9{;{'1w
!1- t /,i{t io awt/vt-'lL o /1!w
r'(' Ll x f"'v \i' e ; J'! :)
J lt2-',{',y- e, A t)e'y -i

t& P<,rtn,!'d

r2e

jr)vOr)J t e-(tn),'A,l-' v ' o';rJ

-.,

.. i

'J

'e

'!

lJ'

o,l-;,,t ;.- ;r.'i'0 5 t 0


"hi!z- "' rvr'

ftj'

fu

i,yL

i'c

tt, n 6.,J J

ti-rit'i,t i4 L r L'L
1

'/i

"
t'

al

el a' -'! 6',"', a.t J "t

ti t) /)

+9i ' J v Or),.t- Q' lJ v "n v O/.)r (tt


-,t

Jtt:

)c-

G4l o' )'" I i'c

Jttra

i (',J

'ft

{ r,i z J/!-rn

''

'0

i e t;:t

ta';'i"

:
i'ias'ut
L
z!7vv9''t'6:'
-:'
;tvt i,OL),it',tL f
'!:t'j
iv's,t:lJ ts{4 1,e1-f i ;: /-' (t)\t'','-f or <- iv

i'

+
,,y

4 [ 9 i l'/,)vi

a,r

t,,t

L,J'r2!iL,,rr

+o -

r.f -' *

i'z''

L.t,7iy''ad,i t't''',fi,'t -vc- Lvt T'


'f>,v.- i,,,,,:t i,,\ ;',, d,y'J *,Y ;, + tt'a -t''! ll{t' t "
1i

{L

1"'/ =."{ i'e h{l,J" l"t;,} v"u!-'t

J z! 1'-5..

;,,

a- ; v - L't'J'c

i''' e
"='.':
i;v(,'-tt,,,J'v j"-nE, ''- "L )? rji;rtz-rUi/"dt
'.

"tLf

;vL

.-r :.1

r''

i r t 7u! =Pl6 x

ii-,t-t'sla f-

J' -G

/u-f5,u --t;l
r,6tLLx-;7e', )t i'

tJ't

J i r', t L

-" z-uy,

r'tl- lJ J1- " J{2 J' i, JtJ' u'


- 7 * -,! $ /" c,Jex't'c -{,'(4,t
/-!r;.t

Jv),f i

n'dyJ

)t fc4"

(r,J,v)

lgit

6try{ oVJr'tlaodt ii.ta;*',J "nqt /


j P L t)t, t',1 c. ttJ 6t', ) L 6* oV L F,'t,t','t

L"
JQ,[- (l{ 5 ).t'LLtJod, J.u'Lz'v'Jtt-\)r'b !';"
) tt: -v
, tt Ji.ol.f'J ' t,!L,fi62-1Jr
"t| / i - "
_.:!'!,frl6<-,r
4t ;f-

ctitv

6i G?.- - J ol *r,

- iv

;
"' i

/'

"f,

J
;'
t- n {'''t
,)r L,,BJvL6'ciLV't,'t!tltt 6J'ltJr-tVv

2
rk -,I,5,r - i J J'.),, ": J - {tL /+ J i J-': -t''
"
L v L,4'tt, L 4 f1 p,, /4't u L u { t c;!- c i rt'a/ s 6 i {'

,,,,t Lt, 6,/6

fi ,t tt 1& I [.- 8+ i, l" i,! Q]t') d''J et' tL

e: e /-

( rt

40t /2;r,'

iiL't'a,lt6& r it ) A'
j,c *,! <tt i L.fu/i ;, t i
- i-v r
"
v' i'"Q.-

J -,.1* ;v L I t

),t.

p, <v) '/ i

A'

-,; Lv Ltl !Plz z- t,,c' r1"', "''


--,vtL'tt"tt
'!g',.t
it qr -,t 15;,!)e'r vrS,' ; - L,l v I e \,f- v' Js L<,i,e i "
)

'{{ l- -r v',',' ) {y {s'.-'t7' Ll iJ


l,,t a I 1,7Jv,z 1 r ;" z- l"'

6't'

q4

6;

I'ti J Ji

I'PJv

r'z)' :;

7 aJit'Jr,.t-=z;L 't?tt(tt" -tA LiiJvta-1{ -;"L


,I v +' / ) e*;'E L /i41,! Jv,'+o 4 t t" J )"' t iJ

L'/ri

VLtt'h'e i'-V

j jr t"'|"(tiE Jvt=z'-t6/,Jv,ir"
JxJv' r.t,/J J J,,'tv,',t';;' / t iL )t,L J,cJV ; v:il
,-7'/,21;;'O{ ii;v:oiEJUL ' t.lt Jt.!ta ' r z- I
L':,)atnr

,rt

a-'v

i. /

a-.lf'(

et )t

4., -'J--,t L 6'9.- 2 rJt

t'et

tJ)t)t/11)vL,t','tt,t! <-'/o{4'C

t:

c- Zc

ilJ

&,),,/,t ;,,t''t L J,C - 1,!a 6',t 6',-r,l :'l


)

1'1u-\:

L':

i .-,J,eJl vJ o"r"t't i'r"t t r)v Jt : "i: iit


jt,,I t,, ;r-t ),-/L it ;t fat,l y'' ) Jl"! -t )

-,.,,- )v

Jt)'

L'ta.iva e/.,'t tq..t - 7v z- t L / i ;.' i i J': i1 -(


i,,L s.,,.{4l>-)6; 'r; &Ji*!"J'c'!i '-":"'-i
oi
J"!'e- (ti -')t,
i
iJvc)
e,J,S,e,!,
6t
4
4
ulv
t),1

J,a,-rlJz*,!,-t'l i'* Jt'r," +{us'41t'i!


('J,0- ;Vz;t<-,'t;4sv ', '!' 't'i"td a'' 'e':ii i
;"
?,,!t' t--,J ! v4 i ;ii 7''!t i1 ;
;t
i,,'
J
l4-b
di,,
t.r
& Gvx

-r{t'i

>.i}.L=,o!

at'iizv/,to}J'l- -:' !:'i

{,"ltt' ltO'c '! '-t{r'i cte t


,,y;i-'t'oii'i -: i'"'r+Jt{1J"/"f'' ' t'l-=i
jqt ../t

ut

st,,'7

pv"''c"'
zt
j,-"v+,!'Jt
jr(..1|il,J'o(ct?'r,,,w:
Li
,!tOt tit-,,y;,t-'I Lot tlJt;)\ Lo ' '/!2(6'e Ji'-t') '

i v I L l,.t E ;, !,,,,t t,t,-.. iL,Lil'-Jt;) la- s']"t ; ;'n


)

,1 g

!tltr, f,,r;:r,, -t,,*L,t'+ iu Jldi! P"v'J

;'e'

,,t A e ;-V"

iU

its{i!

lt,!,1,c,!,! 1./t !{ar


cV

t';

n "it', &.
|

v tt,.r

F$ ar24J te &
r

-'t

,,y;$,JtL)!'

L 16'! 16!-'f ''.r 4'+

Jv 4 Lv,,.ri !'L,-t

{ t L.lit Lb''fl J

e'

re,t!+YVytJ* '{ p*'4 'J'iv''u 'Q '


v lrt { l, ; ;,'il'! ft rL's t? t// it )
-*:t',,)

6z-,VL

-,t,/

)'' 4 i n'!' ctQ' i 1' ) I oJ' 1 6'


/
.J,, L al,.tu - r - L'.1-. iit /cl, " o't''"'r i 4 { U'
nt ).-. l,J 1'J Jt;' t,JJI-,

i],!y\/t!''+'!E'/: i
;l'i-l =- v 5
lit
iv'
{
Lt
{
futv
J,J't
-,;
st
S-,f4
"t'.t

6,e [,t

*L

)e" t L + D'ig',,1

tt ul2 qr.iy L

g :rz z-

/,j'ej di,iL "

J G- t /

i,

+.

tr,5 ( or. )1, L,:)t "t :' w J u

-\v"-!' i6't

i 1 z- Vi,J,, cr), z

)c'

i !
+'z

6'v

t)

;/

(')t'

titfarv"""

, a-

a yt

i L'a

r 1!o

-'.lt)
,'-t'J)ltav !LviJ'() t-z

-Lvat '/ aje{',i,!.<

v,,t

.247

\t,tr Llti' i iv' -,;f q.-'{ '( 6Oi,f


( i:t :'' 2'
- 4 7,L r -'-ii'i Lv
t

r,,! B,i,e,/.- c ", - i,to )" { ) /'t L ) to I t t et'J'e


t''t / t i
3.4- ;i L,t a Jve- ez l'l J q;,! a'e J oJ'J+
v

r ;j)
;itL
r:
o"<'t,!'t)t'
2,,',}i'
7,/'i,,,I't'L )'
,,, +iv n,i'r./;,'ln,l:* :i4 L a'rtitiL z-t" z J
t, a L,) L,il<-w f 2t.-ru*'e('ti ; th 3'iv'r' t / r'
,

{S

Se

4'

1,

,/o;,! Jf f', -S -u ti-,!,4 {,'t'4 L'i6'(it '/.'tr'o!-; r-i

,-a.7,jn i
;'sf
-/,-,iL'P/)
,.f v{,,

vL,ttt -l,t

;=io=ittt-''

('(;
76 n ;vi 2i-'Q &)+ : o''}

"

v' t

-v.(
Nt'A!?fi'J{- \ t)\t''11 JC'i
L,i,J,e,!,! rA -'J.1,,, t - t)trG z-t /'!- )t'7{}'' $'"'t(tt: -c v r/'fi ;', i''''t g7'o!1i n uf i' ;
i x, 1,{t,!st
,,., { s' !- !,, 2. J . .. "

c-,Jt,q 6'VJt

Nr),.,!

"

-z-qr:/,,,'t L Li:'

*,#.*!:i!!i':li::
-

*V'

"'

o.'t'

'J

''';:"t''f

'!+

-vv,f ',.,: o'l -7v1J)|,Du'(;l'Jr*'!-' '"


tV ! )
.-vV t:t s6,,t) t f- c';e ),\' t',"'! tc'
J,/J'

"'t-'4

-v

vu{.,,,t-

. et s i.' ,,t

; i "';."!r,'t ull"; J,tc- jle'i,,utti 'lr'c' 2r


r,t{!,,,!',,t+o,n e,J '9,! 'J ).? v, 'V,f ,'t '.r ' a / tit Jr'c
'J

:o..J|Ji'J''":' ei a:'; i :/z';t'"l"'!'


uit ">,rJ t,t,tt+,t,';l-,"2 4'z -'t'! oi-'l

; J\J",1': t"""'E''
jVL r i" !''t
,i,! t /'4 lzaL,J; ; :.r'/LV:L + 1 t 1r
i-' /,,,,; ' rL tlJt l.t { l,J,t'i*,'!'-ttu-'+ & I t'i't

J -.

-; J r-.f ':u,.#

-t,,!d';

Je J t-

t:V',f dt',lut,'rt 4

,,l tq i P t{{L L i,,


t

o'

{t

a,o i o' z,* ;,,/'f - a,f' I

-.:

!1c
t

jlzN'

12

}-fcttA"t'- t " " t ;


4''f'&

,tl/oJ,c,-rJ 8,a 4'",lr{a

-tt-*gc7vc,k1.(
,!z'

7t"tyv'F(i o 't;

",y;.-.,"u,!

Jt

"

-'

F" >:4t

-tr.- o,v

LvL i'e

J: r"ar

!:-:

[:.t("tlr&i:i

ix'fv

-+'J'V

i''{'

,{,.,t-,! r.,, ;.- - z,i,! t',' -, r,! ;f


y

!;

"

o' t i { I' o' ;:

,l-,1v '!t t>,'!tt",tt,L eJy'4tJl1'u "uLsr1i9


,a2-/ir,t,rn4Jl-'z-rct ,tt' -a ' iit )h il' | -r -t G&
'

,7,t,,,,,

-ii'tz{ r i l'!

U!,2,u L 4'

z- z-

,:),t-97i9 aqro* it,!,J/,.'


q-,

lL,)

f*,

&:4'1Lt,

a,, t,,Er a

et

{ fu r "

t'n/J

/x, r { c ;

v+'s

,rtl/,!,f i1va"i{r"t,}t nr:.tv L* La e-'J f, Li:i

*in,!+ n I v,,J'112i'.t /g iv L n L +' Ji'


iZi'j:t &2.;,,,;v+rx(t,J i J ;
7u'f
-;
-;."r
'v
'fr,

r,,,.fn

,' t)l

Li,'bt iE

"L

t),t tJe{+t,
-

-f,

-1c.!r,r,rt/1 r,it cttt.,L,i'c.-,i crf'

oti,,rc)rie st!,O,!g/,,1r)4

tr,

t-

1r /A'e

t" Jtz"

Jrq.t /', t 4o'i.' n'

"

fJ'

tt

"

j /i7,'

+ttq Lnlt L,/-.t

i'.1

+, c'/,,E rt' i''''


,l',t:, ( t,',,t or? {' iolJ.evv,t''6 ifu {trt "'L Li - i

iVt:

,t-5,!A,c,!

; -1, i et ut r *

"'

r)''1)'t,J c)t C )utt, 't -

- .: { t L t,;x,/,f-

J'C - c-

t"t *

_+W.tv4"atv!
.r,,.r!,J\-ii

tt'et J

*".- tl;v,'t

6)t2| U 'J Oiar'

:y;-,:,, )J Lfi,"1?Jt))t -,it)-vi't it'\ ii


, il $ G L -t' /.L )i,/-r''Fa,-','lv,!,t,s",f"' -. i +
t' J' :
JvL :.1t st/ p ;" t *L Jw,&-v
17,,-(<.

"iLl7L
:. ,tFr,.: i. ' .PL -tt'- -i - 2i;;-vv.I'''-9')'*- ;" ':
,t,y L y'' Jv, 7ts2 t4-z-c/, e16 t- ( se'L i v'-t J'C
1 ,.- ( ( t,.t L'ryt' "'!'!'! Jr' * 7 > t e- t e L )'J
"

ri

'hi i+ !:
Dv4 J i
7-"i7r9i
,, 1 li7i/'a * { ;,v i'
{4
="
",
L st-7tu,r.,V' iv{tqrot-z-vr'/;{,J'e J '*:- +

-1 i"1-:-'o4-

i,,r

J ctt -,.t,

-!,,t'c-J1i?a

l.',t,.t 4 /'P'

J,

ctt

r/ tJiL c!':"' u
i

/ t&$'OL-+Vu!v't '-t tt et,&4 6 'O 't 4-ut ln 6"'J'l


i kj, / u'l c- v,n,, \ ;,i v., ('j' A,: \ e- d t, A,-t 1 {} s - ;
t

-z!-

tllii

f (,J, 0.)"" ? u,i 4 /,i' - i L !


sht-,{, f- {- 7" J't'u:- "! rtt( 4'-r,'t i' !: -'!
P-t " ( z +wt ia l L
L /tl /'J,r t ^G| E
"t't
r!

. v,,,f-.v,

t.-{t)6,'11-

{,;EiJt !,Jf

,Jittv'fiJ,o.-/{+
{,

JV

)5-Jqt7-,'5:'L

(vtoftotf 6tr"'

sgpag;v,iva,,!,Jt0t,'t ?,,V6,Jn

: 4l ?, L

:z

-,

v',t,-t i t

t;'

t, | 4

-'"tui

'

lJ'*

z-'a
f
"'J
^

rfu ' )/t -N r : CJ "'t' i


"
t

(L!i, L,!i'e;, -7JeQJ-..tJ/"'v'


t,.t';!.vx -'rJi 4o{l"ttn '()" /t
-, c! -t rvl{ i<,s
$'g- ; 8 i - + {n,f 4$ t} l:7' --' i vrt 1 ; v'' h
;
s"
t,VU,f {t 6!t,*,)/"1 t)t tt; r' t, rtc i t (!- at i J
,1t,a

-2)

t;'

jr,(":.,;t'i
NVn

ttt:.v

"

l-t i'eJli".A:/)It"L)i
JV ot

i-

&' i r!'9'Jt' L(Ji

4:,2/& Lrtt.-iv" ivi ti!,J'O'!t0,J-\-?

lq -' Jt- "+ ;

; v L ;v

-: /4t

j t vd.t -i- v, : ( 2-x 4 - J/L,t ( c.t e / rt' ii z-.:


,! 11,oc)G iltJ/67,,-'1, "d'f 'U zLLA'civi i'tv o0
,Jr

e12b

oe,! il I i,i'i'

,Lv.,4,f

i=r

u:v,fL

4t

Jw J,-,S,ei:-vir;

to

;q ; /,J,c,'t,-{L /z L- t t' t'- :

ur t z-

;,, J *

r z:{ z.-,1I J-

-}v

rr jv,,,/r'i;',"t6:;i ;' it r

; ol z-' v r' z 4'i


a
=t
(t);' "nt)/'/-?d1J"ier'''J :'$ i
J'
{4t-,u
-.
-clt
rJ'u rj

-,'.
.

:. t

{,J',,-

!{-

7,J, ua-

j-s.r''tsrf dt-(ryvxJis;:/t'u;.i2iJ+ti)tt

lv,rt'--', ".vt ; J/ a ot, " \Jlq' L - Pe?? J a r' ;


-{"'4,

4. J -1 " * J o';'!' ) t"t c" P } L! J'eI-i JV

,t',,t ov.,L J,o-

v.a

fJ'u'jl 4c'l't ;.tf Jt+

0 t'r' r { )L 1z't ?d''i *) V L


L n +r
1r-.',,t,J,0,!,t r' L r il-l't ? ft) { Lftfi 'oJ{
ti ( V L ot i i- v' ; /
4
r)t,t i<-,(qt,.t LvL J il+,i Lv t,5
- -,; v -? i''4 J 1 t a i r l' v e' 1 o' ;'cd' ; tt i

-t i (L i,o.- )

c4t

jvra L./leL -a;;a,-1' n;sr'(J:,J't ;i tflll'

"' ) -"

{Atif it}P (6,eJt)1"+1,vtu f,JVtG,'t{ 6,e-4L

.13r

{{,J,ttA t Lt"n t, I L i'e V ;


-t

J,s,c

"

z-vV/,:i,Pf ,s',

I' oQ -a

(,J,e

lr,J/t"

{r' - "f.f'

"t- c' iv'

"r

-rdv(t,t ivi | &t ILtt-o,'r {


t,,r

z-&alL

,/.

-,,

ll

l At L

i; ; L

J6

7 o2'7'

v'

L 1 v 4, -,, i.w,t L - f t-' z, yt i Z'{ rt,' I'y' :'- |

tt, r -

7,v

Gz )

O c,

li;

6r,,

;'' +,1,

Zc 1'

"

i i; ;

L,fqJi*ott )L6i-+ n- (o?'!-)vLt"ift' 6 J"'

t {,'t

,)t"

," ,);

Jt

Li/

[-]vJlLV.'
-qL/;r'.t', 6'e'j,O

Lq lc'v,

-," i,,!-r' 1-J,;; - Jieit,.e'uJ-)w-.c


L.16'a { & 6t l Qv L i I l.- 6]1' ?q,l'L e t L J "'
t-

f;,! it fi llt e/ - q L / z iz' "


"tu-'
r/
4- fi v oii,',' - v i, ", t,)Gi L Jtu' 4 f1i + i'r:
'4 "tt,'! i
e.,v,

u,,

lt- a-

z-,,'t,i'

&,"--i,\a,

:{'JG;J

-+i',

Jr6eG :' l L6

!t,!ottVc.tt

-,J".t ='-

J"!ttl" LlJtt 2

tu,-f b,/

itu)

./,

'

,J; ) 6.1" )1.--

Et-/,, {' i',)e i,'t t i{- r"

+c t

/-t/'\-t

{"'' i.t : i

,J;lLi t9tl6iz- -". .A-tu\i,rf (:-"{'J


? 'l+

'z

v'J

Lt

L Jttiuf/ot t i
'tt't
'c

,)*n,Jt{,J otvL,i; ;-aL.,

$'(t

'l

Jv'" i ;f

riapf, qt { g:,1t - + {Z,J,p'.f 'F-r'"6')/lC'i' "


v r v t't ('J'v!'
()t I ! <-tu. l\.i tlt - 71,'. :4v J r"l'{';
"
"
A

Jta{-!(c2e{,.,'|d '!x to gt t'6 6 'u' tL'1 l! 'iv(v'*i


) i'1 L't't Ji +G t,J'v {t Jv'-t E't e Pt t)t "t'l
\ - Lv {,.

|
r)"-.
"'i-7"{6r-'L4t"
,,. -- |t
)//
+ 0//)tlettlz-l'4:'\tO'
Lt"t,.t$6J"Wt:;t
oa -+t --. tt- 1-:- ' / t) L
't
)

'!

J: et -( z- 6,, /
-4

i / : c.'V,! i,',' z r ('t6!+ o f''*

-la-t='Jre" rir

.,'-

-'v- f+ : i' !(;''

?,9 t >t,,1 (,,t ? tus "' ) 7,J


t

L 7'
"'?,'

; u'

f '6'1 "1 J i'

i)a'tv l
tt-fu'f
i"
-t'vt-,,I-,,,,./'f

"-:

:l5i
,,,tua;t j,","1 Jei 6 n 0W,'t'.t f aa-*,7a,i'J &;ry

'-i

JN"r
t'i
J,..,..,1, t,.?. - it c t - 7-,'t ? {d. ),',1' 4 lt'i}
- ?(a.21 .-lv-'v

6'tt

d' &

L ; v Oi ?

6,

/-,s'

q'

6' V'-t'9

it' LJ {L I'ei\
ulJt-yt','-',i(
it-t,,
'.r;,.:
{ ,y/7rsr.-s *1,'z- tt n(tt'(o!'o At )1'E '5 J'et-'
rV
6ree c1,t:i tr ql-,,.t;v +;,! /'/l -N f'J+
L "6) LJvt)')ti ;tOi;' tdt"t-+g i'r'' )Vt* J Love)
-

/,/,tt -/-r. -,t,,t,ra

rV

ei

tr 6t r..-

6ii,J'b

o<,

4t 16 'c '.t

& /, ( v

ort,(L

4,

1 ""'

Lr (''

ofl ,J 6n 61 4,4t - L 1 rG- iti"r'Qr L ln'#


,

"'

*'

i;v, $,.2,!{\J' -,t'-lsr 44|'9 4 Gt'' t t

vL g,2 st -(L dr (e't',.f',t '/4'!r)4"1'Jx 7'!;;' lvr


,.f,,' .* -N /, i'trt6:4 ;/ it * vt -v'trJ e"r'J4

{6t
,)V'l( )uL,!,/i ed'-'-l i/ it,,r.' ctl'/f'J't*v
) y L,.r,i 4 x tv j ? ) i,,'lr J,t t {t !4 -' c/!''i t n ;6 a
t

r t,' J! fi u;t qt "'!' //:t


,;,
J
-.-rt vvlJ!1tN'n Jlt"!'1r'J: L

,, $ L * a o i.' 1
t

9J

;U

u'

i'i.-+,! ivL ,tt:u,,ttttt ,)vEL:t; "zt


7

*,!'a2,4A,V- 6:t;i,/ {.)i'l't +"yt

c)v'fiJ't)i&

6../(,t,1 )i6v,J'- q "{L6;'''tr-u'ii4LvL\'t7-t'.


e't p e v& ^tv't i' t''A J
Jv
{
f-,i
',,! 4 -,,.t -V
A o,V,J n J t,f'.- -V*"t
r"i,,' -,fii,.r,fut'!' /-

-1-o,n i r,.r

tti'&=v L )
r

v,t

"'

,J'cIu{)Lo'

g'c'! u fl

't

t't

{J t'r

t611-l "':rt

-!

('J'e J'i r''t: ct"r


p
r!,ly',,t'(:'z-('tt=:
16,, Ql,
-*,.t tc 4+,,/+ i n i o' ; tt t y L d!7*'1r'a';' lf

;,loEt.rgulttct6'{,J'.iJt'Li,'t'L+14"!?cVvFu-l
--i:, i r,t:,l,iJet'J+')vt1'i''r a'' -''

{17

u!tr*;u
-;,!,.1'il,!l,t O,t'.:,!,5,e,! t);( 4t lJt'J )t/ I

-r

Le')illla ?Iottv- Jx 6'tt


:
L,1/t1,c 4r,5,,; L s'i 4 9' i'4- iiL o'9'! or I 6't' 6r)z

4 "l/-

v"

1'Lt

urt

tlt

c)t.t 4 '1

"l
g;q,(nzt /,1'tt6,! )

{--L!e7'n-e 'tr)d-?iVU/tt6'c

et

Jt5Lvt -,
,f1uJY4 {-VQJ;'L't &t&' uh t'ltetP'/ {l
- un

+, L /;

N,J

6,O. &,.('! lJ.wL', e z-t ut''t'2

"'

6,r'-;{04 -r

,,h! L h

t c-,2,,.t

\ ct!

Lty'' /-

Jt a- 6'0

c)P'/ c' er''

L
Jv JtL ct,', G,, <,!,t 1, t, t{ t) 4 d 6' t'- i 6 t 4'a' 6'e
t t Ji 1t t q +Vq'
L'r'&J'v
c,.N,/t
q
(.;
!
!,
ot
1

-,t tL

L6

' oit
"' )'t utt)t'Jtz - 'r l'
n
i"'r'-"'l
' 'i
t)t':.v'tJ z tt -5'' / 6 t t!t+ rr +'' i'i,-'

dt

z- "1

r;;'-.f,1:';'.i- !;;'' i'""{'""'

lt err

c-

\.8

t)'/tv

1189

.-,f z.-dr!'-Qtvel/,ttt Ji:.'!+9 '-tt i

l'te/(c62
-"

"1

-,/,J{ct

-+u-tf'f'0,u,-tt't'
!"
.- l/, /,t; -lt +9l'l':*d'16'ot '' ''t f 'tltt
"
.l{L, - :.,, n 6, : t"

/'t.- 1

"

t'd'

" 11i1,'l' aizu

:"t {J'i "t L u;

;'

-y',!'J'i'

8' 4 ); J a' " 1 )- )'-' b )' a v ii ) | "2


o,r{ Ln,t/": w t,! c(J',t,./u'tttl[ it ('' ]t J'a l t'/'
t"'J
rr |fL'a'r z-V6" l'!; ;'! I /\'
/,t i,

it, -,4

-'l',,,r/a

-z-

2'

)j

"'

t)1'

L?'t tit't"'t 2 )tJ/-L'U


6,t'-t6

JEL \J'e

',.bit

-6

t'
,!.d'! A,; 6v+ It'5 t'i'J'c''; v'J stft6'/v')v
v''t' ) v+' u lz
u| j v,7 l' ;17 a,),7'J,". t ; ;'ft

"r,

!:t-t" i tL t)t' Li"t t{$ f


a--

(+,/
J' f", -.r'c)t J't

s a-

z-r'.,vr7L $'g

"'

tu

Fl'

L /r 4{'>vr) t'tr'tX'b; *S't

!,(e,n,f -t
&4 L

-'/' f i",t;f? iU t)t /,,/*'41t.IE,-t o"/

Lt ) 1 ?c',V't i(,Vft)t J! L!\)tr.t')! 4y 6r e' I i " s! J r


jrit;,,t,r,./ ]vt o7 ,,,r; -i,a;,! o;" 4 a'O J) \ " tl "t
r',

;r, !,,,,t+iv,J, "$

6I

lt it

sr

Jgi 19 6 ry 6' ltt;l

-+iv'J'Q;l-i ":"'

f-z
r,1.,,.

z v.1,,r

t;,.(
:

",

) !?
-,1 + v L r |) t) {

A-.

u t',','

c,/' 1.1 L

r7' 6'f ': ?

q'.'

t"'J

t7

L ) i I 4 i /''f

!.,r,1)v ft)i'l L/J'a't .z 'ttz'cYx {JLt/Jo'}vi


g

{{ lt

4 -,,,,y;5,,t x;

I 6 ot &,0i L 6'A\) l "t


I

t o {tJ' t! "t"i'fl ["' n u{'l J t


t"
$t ct 6 tOl G
t(t
c't
I
7c
Z

cr'

"J't'

J$$LJt,t'tf-c)rtc.-

irrJ i.,

n \J:

i-' = i,! rL =:t tJt('J'cc-'2v''ttt'tL01

c)ttt;1tt i 1 tt 1 6 r)ue

! 4

6'g I tl tJ+cb z'/'tOi

-t'

&

t,,r J{-'u.{-,',v.- trl o i,' iv"Jt.-u'Jt *,{'7' "'1 t


d -; v, ' tf,;'/1) t, / 6,, -i' r, ) - eaD ittcL'!f"''i"/
t

ft

'

{t

:-r7,74 ;-.l'-fvltt'Z''t

ot

-L/'fv:rt "l i /

J'C

-,r? "';/4/-.v'!

j'., 4 J z- /.2

tof

L e'

'/' 2'l
('l ct 1'tt - ;' tt Jv
,!,1t,,t ;q 4 9 u; a- + Qq r//: 4t
rJ,0,

!e-

o'n,J,tivi oL

& t|'o

-q

L't L

l,e/ -'z'; tin')'f/'J+ t"'!'' + 6r"

,,j t c- :, 6r, tr ?itr t/'i-t 6,t ti tt/"^J

iJ n

dt 4 6'e "

-,t Lb L/LV4-tt,J6'at'4

Lt6E i'0
!2(:al

df tx tt+ d' " i-p' (' J,J JvL't'v''i


e.bi L6'ti Llt.-,Jt,'
I

t-i,, 6,t,- : r!',! t{,!

ir,JJ'c,!'Jt,'t-L.

.g

nc( i, ','tt L,t


st

"

6o

-t'

"/

"'tn'/n

s6! Qt';7:"'g64,"''{/"tr1

f, 4i 6,s 4"' ;-.n'


r

{t 1'
t

t'

ii

2t"

-?&LiY&"J'o6u{1

r'r

J-r/'2
j.itJ

stA

LrJv Jwt,-t*L lr'tJl'CaJr':)

!-.:
'}-6ls"L ! '-' ii-

\2_

*.1; i, "'

,j :t

;::.'aiJtz+''i-tj
- l--(.'z'i- i

,,t

'i *: uf ;-t! -f

'i

in n'
-jl ,;;

,8

tt

j'*,ti'ttt,!o{l -'
.- ,.r (t

jt(;

er

'

l)C

't 'f'

tn )

"t

ia

e't'r ""::'
s

i!':.t o'lil'ct':- t i i'!' i" iti={ t!' 'Lltv-r,r'.*i:rfJ'!.


r'
i' i :': !+
e"
ci
;'
i
;,:,t',=
"
,,

- jv',

i'ii '/''tJ"
,-(o i,;"" -:
,l,/'!'r';i
)!i'ti
i"
o,ai
i
-x
;'i'r

L
,(

'Pl-L,!te,'"1 ;[,],

',

J'i,-ii

u:tt z

'J"t

i. t c r',''
;,:,,,t-

"

cl')':

e.7,'t-ii'-:

i -'l

tl-.;;-.1.'

';":-ti

22'

i".'.':ar', 'i{Jv. 'r2L:)'' - "' t

-!, j,2.,;,1t;':

J$t)t!+{,,',./i'9.- +'!J"'Jt L o': "'''Lt i'' tt' r ";l


r itti/Jr,t,/i'e- rt':,V.,!,4'-L - '/IP '-r J*"' iti'
y,,j'ru. s.-;f iuVSta fl;.tr,'x:'t'ie- i

tet"t

l'

(?lett)

-i'JulG 4, {-?
,

( et

;, tJo[<-iri4"tit "'
i
;
/,J. 1,y, { $'a Qt stz fi& i'v[ t ? J- Y "'' -r :

",t,f

J6.,,; JZi
4 iz-|r: 0n j+ t,l jG1,/{s"7

;/r

L t, -Qi r.-

1'

r",{ti J-Zi,;/- in,.r-,.t,1'i "'-t'yi'o


v.

i?;;J, jr-, j a A i
a t r.l i,9
: t'.: Jr:

/: i'o -l

;/7 t;',.) t r

J -'

'r

=2ri,i'letrr

1-

v.

'

Y'

i(

vdJ'0 '! 'tti y A

6'O'!Z r 6 o

":

?'

$n Q'.PL Jfi!.rt

"!Q''''f-6'#42

-t', J. ;"J )r'

', L*tri>"*'5 t-t'

v/ Nri

t,{
{.

"23!
,,

-{-

!,

+,',t

o,*' r( t )':

vP

t,J'c ) tO t'' )t

i'4'- i'i' l'

. .:
L le-ePiJt jr',t,'t6-/ e)-:1/la tct7'
g

F-/ tv.t

"'

':',

'r.:-

vLt/(6'O4lE t.(
) t r C)!? <b" ('J'e 4 t I
v
?.
e't,i
i'o
J
1
/,f.,,,.,
!+NV!\,P(u Ntl 'r !u:t, *,J,C,t L I'',t z-V ij'":-i"
t-' \ao^r"atlJ'i1a -'i i'c i -''- |
t;/v't,'t.-"\'\tt
..tz,i,e,!

ol

; r'.t,1

t: 4u ie' i'o'! o"l

l'! -tJvuF "t) + "\ ;

Ji \i,e,t,i ) r/4;o.l$ 19 iq "'!Jv


(t

i',i-1'lt,r'iii t',+
.1,i

j1,,','f-;'c.

..t-,

Lv,','bL,/t,.t

-t

'.

u "e., F,)

,iL1,",;i'eJt*'"
v'

!',;L;'-:it'Vi-:e'

6":'tV L -;t6: r
iL
r't"r'A'
t
{t j':'f r iL6

-,4-u-/,!t"'-t',L-tffJt"tr')'

jl,;,!i

:-i

v'tr gt ;

:'t';:''4

t)t

LtL i'e'r -:. ,/ lj,vq i

;\?"Li)())i';
...''.
::-r:(:)(/:'+ i)il.:

i
-Y -:/ ',

c,f ( "f:ra'i'ac'

4i
:- la
55v il v
a_

)?

n,t:t

,!, tr,, t,j,

.'VJ \, ).-".!t

- tvt' 1,"i.v

t'o
6'0
1r{M1p(gtcG

{'

; G ",' : J v a

Jvi j'ii'.::)

z- t u-, j;,tr

.{

othtjrf'i,el:

rir ,-/{-

? 1,

it.l

:t,,,y',"i' ivL i;t !:' '

t&-f{ UJ"l

"t't Jv i'V Ly''

1'e4

':(

2-'t

rrl
'z'!-"'
't

--2,:;

;'-j;'li-'-'.,

tt

-;.:

(.6 Jr.-{,+' + *' r' t l- ;i..i{ - ;''1 LV l'(' 4


w
)r"',';y'.''f
{"'"1-/t'ail"
't
:-"JrtaLt'!-.it

"25!

{avt,-f e},,,i7

a,,,i t,,r
gi i -,r,

-" )i !J;"""e "Jp''1'l;; i}v

D.-,- )r'"'('tt

I /
O

.) L;

e'

s:

tt

t +7t

L + { i- tJ

1-

:t

JTvx Js trt o; L')

ti ii u' o =2

d' L'' t;
I

{dn""i}v Isrio ''t'z i


a!'
j;v iuE,,,t^','
JttGir,'(ea.-",t)t"""' 1? f"r'jt it
-F

L,i..?/,J/

ii,

'! s'

i-

'-.1'

is
Lrt'y'
b,,t-i-;o""r)t;tJ
'{o
e-:.'f,77!d
't
/( s -a;'s'
o 6'4,,' G v'! o, t,' !1 / t' o e'!'>r't' L
v

otr

i.,o.t-,i-.

!'i,'

,, J'i 1,-,t;.-;v - !i
, i i' i. i,
..

z':/4-

-n

",

t t e,-

J,.'*

',t" s

';.b{ J''" l-

'

jr'
3v')' -(Lv r' ttv'.J'! +

t.fi + ; iPL'tt'Lz( Lv d'' $'

L,,'+ L t) -2'(t*ltt'J{-7{''f'J5 "'G

.26 "

s'L'-'3'6
artz
t'
'1*'zt
1,i!i,,,i:,
e+ i;v\8 ht-/,"" -vs',stiit-x.fi r taJ )'t':' =ll
j zl,,';''l-e;,t 'e jt;;L t'vtliii-Vi"tlr/i i i'"
rr

lrt-

-;A- L ')'; ''t:.-,i'

zrjj'l(' Jz-tt 'e


- ?-t'o.t";
i

W-'ii.-(i 'e)l ar' -'i

i :fL;'i, gr.

f, jr,!o;,J,+ '2,,7{w,ti;' ft6L ttt;G L i t"'


;;:e- rr.i. qr/.-.,-., ' ;it;it 1',t't,'-r.f "--'.
.""=';:.i. :c:';..-:-i: J.-','t-o;i'=-))'a'- t '

-tj'r;tt9;v jt' i j'-;-l',t,.r"fl'"ittfj

'

:-

!i

J t i' rt tt''"
i-'i,t * 1't t'V *'{- i v )'t :" t ;t a
*
t{,
,f{r
-,f
" "'

L t',L vt,) i t
t

G' i'

1' t * V L 0, 6 L Jt L
t

t,,'

ij;' ir,/io?!'.i- {,)i v',t 2- ?-}tvr!'':'{

:-;',,,- j,;'r'-,-r - 'vs= "'* i' -? i (i'e) it -:- r


sql ;rf, q- !- ;' -i..'' 4 -(':-\ i i' -r';:: : ; :'' ; ;
,t ; tt, uv','i'i - -l - -''
.'t,, z-;ts !.4 ;'.1
1'

27

-' ! "t iL't t L - r " It /2',t t"


"tllgati,{y-tL,t,,,
-}v 3t' o 1 1,,{Yq Oe
J J at t)! {.1 4'!v 3 t {- } v-,u t it " i'!.t "'t27vu
!''
-s,,,l,.t t,tr,,r - { f,t,( i'V 1 2 "{- 4 a'c
,q,f :) 6't,,r ur,J - 't, L2',;[rrtt Jl'u'E 8t z-'h
ektitf f,,(,J'e-.-r''L i),! 'J'( 1r/-)vzq-//
r'

t//-.

ea,t,'t'/cl.-Nu

6ht'' :N-)v

lu

i,p

t't

V'tt-tr"'(C y'"r

- r A a' i- Ja,! a"' Jt,J' "' L


s
t
11 t,u,,N',t tv i'V4 /2,, f,1,p4,1'e tti''1 J
L i ti'J,t,,t ? t,/,.2 /t-)lt

\,1.t

7,,

{'

6.t L i,e 1ry ft a t,' /9t a'e

--t

v
'

',/n

ftl6t t,'t

oi"e,f t^J 'tirt

tfr,'rJt| t.'

-E - 6'o!? ot, ( v.,l - ; v''!'!


ll u'a' i-'f-'tv,J, L,lr'L t'f' J- o t-'wr'.

,/+ iv,!,f4

{,/,,',a+,/e,^ufu o f ,,ttt,,l i,i " & r.- a dp L


).t,,a7lt- eq,7'\1'a-l'J.rlp4 ?s/ "t,4.2., ), {LV.
v

v4rfl
'
tY'

24,

ji) '' i
7'1'l
?-Lt
-i -.ir,'-,{.=-'tJ;':
(i'e{ 06'': ; -:;l
rvtrz-"
)v1!.-i
;aJt
')?!
-)v,; Lvn oz,-y,'rt'1J J'Lt'"t(ttt'E '!tg 'tttL -i
jI ilr,t ilat,u,\',6Jt./'i6,cL,J'*"+J" F ir: "i
;, ;(' -.lta ; i ;'v -; ;-''''' * -g ,' t;'eta'!1
';:'t-r'-'

n-

;-," /'t " t i i-'

!t64)t'L

2-

I jvre"

:t YL J
i
"

.* jttJv,"O4,i,t"Li)I

L,, - tict,, ,tGi!,i-"J't6-t,.- JtaL'f 'p a'' ;e i


/
ifur'
{
d
.-,',t
a
o,a,!'t
et -,! +' 1
{ \ (i,';' j{'- ' lE-'/"N J'z!'! t!+c'"
::+(

{,i4Lv-,

"''

-t:

j'/.'i,,tL.1

:,tL
!l

.!,',' 1'

;S ii 4 ;' i t
""
S

2-x:ia j7i:)J:.,.t )-e-tz)t, )!+ !'

"'','

tit"t

"

jo,ria'i,t"L Li:i'ttttt]'(oiJ'f i'i'f


-?'-&t ,gtLJ,i/;N,lt4v('q L/-lvi"

'tv "'

'

6:0.l,ttt .E (.' t.z

iv
-1/s*!'
4'-tilrr*')v";L
'

z1

.29

"

!.,';u,"3n,;"3 j",i, o;'. j)'e.t )!t'evriv


-,,-t

LL.|F.1_

-w'

i, J,l

j !,!'; aL';'J+Q"o te?' );',j' )v''uli E


;-'.f-, y,./ 7,.f-'i i ) v qt it v',i?7{"'i'a Jv' r' t i'; c
('
L /r, i,t i t l; )' L'i'f i't"''tt' !+ 4 i' 1 *'vt e' L
"
i j J,":- ' ")t-ti !'g;1'rc;1" tui"()?L/ i " i
,J - ; v-,y, -L -' : "' ( /'1.-| i i,'I " - t'f i i t ; I .'
+,t va q+,;l J lJu.L -l Qt e-.,tt'ise ; iJt otl );:':'
V

Jr-Li 1rt.-r,. -tC4ii,,/,,',!).'i it,- Z'- )':


i,l'r,!,J'U:t,t"a *a &', i,.,:,' :i J'[ { t!' iv'!r''' ; ;'
.,

-t-

-il',v/-.'{ L*:F;'"
j
-;+ -! t' r'! 4-*' :- e ? ir i it i "' + iv,t -. :
(&',f'.,, eL,r' -*-i.'t"' Jt,J -'ri a i rL 9tL le't -(
L';-z!:F[;'li);'i
ir';L
i7',
--t>2,.!-t
.1a -',vi,!v;;' jd4

{st-*.! [p;* F-,t' i,:tt' L l',{t)tt"i '!2L;t -; i-t


t"' *' *'*'
LU -t'q-lr, t'i 6'v,-tQ',ot!7 7"'l
7

.', --:

5 ),s,-' :-i

j. :..;v:.

t',,''-

.rA

* -i

-Li(('a Lu iaLgt"t'i.i 'e)

30r

4) ?a ,:: i --; --r-; -*L-ti'-''rt'j r--: "'-'


tdi,a o- z"!('!r4 'tJi-1'|':'l
a' i,r !;c',t;

ir1-),z-|Lt,L !!-',i 't {- ''{;6.';'lei' *


(,tY"' J;\t '6' L'
i
Lv
;z- 'i't;,; -1x;/;'.- '
LiL L )i./=, !,'; )",i-t'u9.'xyIl { t!'{L
J/6 iP'tte\tt",tlt 'z' t i'VJ "r'i !/-u/tis
5

Lir - 'V:,\,'(-2 J 3t'tL z' )'rt-zctz-ziJ;tte- t


J,/ 'ti, a;it, i ''qt.-riJs ftr )t'Lt.)'t v''t-:/
j i v 6f a {v s,- ", {,'/r- i i' 4' J ) J" J +
,,

J.

ri,i

Z,(',1-:

"(

- "/:. 'rt"'c; trit;'tt"

"

'-

;';,-e'3;w7'1-.,'t LJt.-Ji) t'"'i) a +"-',J

/"('

*.' Jti ;t"t"! 1't uG*Gv


".'st',t

J va

ot

"

i ?L

i 7; :'i' Jc-6,t,,r - !- i i vq 1r "'1


;
t t J Jl'A'-'' i :' J':' - "
l
i''
: ? Jt! ! r }
"t "',:
ltv -,| 5.,r 'f :t 't -'i,! i'c t t'fL t)t' z-t a )' i "
-tljt, ,i;,g!-;,/J- , !,rt,,4L/r ia u-'Qs;l'.r.tP
! !1 u'':'Q
j i,!;t.,!,r- ;
- Li ;fi - +' 4 L'Jt -'u
-,

i. a J' { t,,'

.!

,1 e ),-r
,, 1 9

s'
S tuv ".:

a,t ; I'

i;,

o0 et'-tr

q,,, 1v (

4 J':
hi)i,

J {i {'!t'5 : "' u/4


r v t'! 1'ti i Ot "' a' f " :' 1

C t"t4+

j"l"F't'"'ov jv,,ut 'iu'!'{lti+vvu''rw( f'


u

r,, (

e+'' j

r,,'

-',,v

c' 1"

-: <."'-:,:i o.:
J

r{ :-, | ( t )'4 r t I L 1

i(o:' - l- i' ) v''

)"-

J-l v <

"'

{" t' ); r t' 2'

-'x' )Jz-

F,.t - ) v'"1 J v s v':

u'

)" 'i vv
oi't- i- 'rt 'E'-t ' i Jtt'L e2 6tLt "!
(
e'
t
; +'iJ
t',"
v
ii'
i,
t
"'
"
-:

i;tJi'c;-

!'i' it
( j,v i-t;1.1'r/ lsl ,,!)tJ',i/ 4'i'e',''';L 'L)

{,J- i",' ;

{,:ttt:!-:t" L)'4 '(>':'t't i')}'


(
jr'
c t E t i ;J'\"
r
ev'y
-tr''v'
- 7,,-4.(e J
-''t'v A'!'J ;' = ti' r-l "t ;

,, a,;
,S

tt

-,

it6{-"

"

f, L 1v t-ftavv r{eV lJ't2,/J6 eN';v J u't J Oi


-,u ss,,2!q 4w,f '2a.') &1iqI;v;vL 'l'i '!''r"
2' ::
,l-L : ;t :rove'/t,,'1 i9,!,J :,':x,! a'i"tt rt 2 4

z.'{'54'sttL4bL Jy' ))
(/tJ ef )e
)'t'-rJa:
L
Lr"
tt4',6;-".
i,i,t;,::t
,,t

6,r ..(e:\ L( ttt:;-a'!;

1,,' x

- {t
a

x:

$ i 1 i v': "1': Y'!

ui''- Ita
ct vl z-t,t',' a'.- a,J a- ; v -'hl'V

t'

"r''b
^':'r'v - r! 'L 't i'oz-. "tu'i{J"')"'
-,, ".*,6v ,,"{
,t
/-{:t'-e
4.tit;V-. i,'' vvL !r,"gt

t )'9-

-a!'/ta*
6
$g /6'1,- t i; v,'t 6 ht qt ( !? & 6 t'v't'v' Jlv 6'
i, { A rL ii t' -" i' z' lr i q' l'!'v z- " ;- /'f<':'t+ J t' "l
t

-.dv-;

,f: -,! z z 6 lt.' fu;

t"',1:,1

/;r

r'"

(''

vwz

i / ( a l' /

>;

I)

133!
t)

s1t,! ( !rr-

i,)

J.

n J'fr;t,t/t';t;r 7t-a-')/txct/i't'

,--t'*Jvz,.t,:eat

,i$ri1r,r
L

-rd-x4,.tJl'-

,,,,1).'t 7c vt/|'(-ax

".!

:*

y,.4,,1,';i'a; t 7ct{'.f"

7,,-i'lJt

J,v'-t

tJ tt

)t

t tr

t!,t,, L

/),!?r"E

{"

f i'
rhr p ! v4 J'''t )i' t \/-t
t,,otrlt, -A L" A./f

d.' L /,/e,r,,t,, 4, -t'J'{t," "l{' 4''

tuit

,.t,

JPL

i"tfltt-

"

z-/L t'

J)

+VLIL 6 r {l

,l--LVa'Jl

!,L"79" {r,- -'t':'-:-v'/iv}''t '':""2 "t i4


vl: o';aLrt'i'z-vuy' "t''t""
,,r i).a,L,r;.L
='
=i.

-LUi'\r!'1i"i'(

)r

-,1',t,i'L".t" I i,t:Jr g' ; L.9 f' /


.-U { i $ J t), ), r," I i l'" a',f' o!' i'
a

-"

g/'r.,t" gtt4i'.:

L V 6'

tft)U-" & O,t

I/ "
;'
"t'

J'

1'1s

*l

'

i'
E'f

!-v;.); t$tJ;\ I'a:]'L {"'uL-'


-ur 4aL zi,'rt?'/\t'c6oi

++tiiov

-J',].vL'trLvi
d" i' i';
-,t nL ct' ie !
",'4'

-t*'"1",o/-n -r
E

g!* n 4;ytt

':.rt

rL'7r 3V'!I$'tav6e'"<i"JI -'


-L/t, t tu 7,t'. : It L,J'eln

-4-ltht'.[&1 --

-n'Jvv!t',,uf-v
-,e'(;',72

-tutrU-rtt4

-n

.15"

-1,.f ge!.

oa

r!- r:

Vi:J.Y:J

PJ^'
a'.t('!-r 't
trgl)2 - r

-(,nq,,Y:i n4' tii6,!,!

7I

t(''''

LV{L:},- e:" *,J,ti"!1,'r'ti - t


i'l{, L 7,, f i 1',' r | )'1,'t ! " J'- L' L i' t1

'<

viw'
t).finition ot Marriage from ths Sociological Point of

-4/ t)ul,!,t'c
commitment of
"Maffiage is considered to represent a Iifelong
contract senctioned
lwo people to each other and signified bya
bv state (and for many people wrth God)

lg

and the Family

-tr|tib
',J,eJ'Wa--iage
iv 4t /t:l' t,'! ; c- 4t tc., t4t "t'/ 4 r q + "t ) f;ut

il

-1-u'. "1a:- '

t36f
,

,,t,7 {t,tr.,,r

a g','f

4 r,!

-}v

j'.a'L-q"'J.'

{,'/' 7 1' tlt $'

;'e

-J.Lb N -tr;it-l:,|, ';t .j, -'

'

t.t'

'/{t5to61tvt
Jdi64 di ),'t?\i tr( ",e te6" -[\i,'E r(,J,o,J l'
-?t.t )" 4:t !-t4L':'"/'"iYve:" iit;L
I

.;v,/f

ov"L

-'t"t'/+' iL,.t?'avJ) v4t i'e

2-t,a,*'y'jl,i P,)u ,,y"t L(

J')

e1'

t,'t.- | V, =' t'


"

"'

\i,.r ,!1itJt,,tq L"Ct,.",f,f,'t"cu" '!,JPL Q'r:) 'Jfi"1


"
"
! - + B; *.t, r'",t g' :', r.-,./' + W/-..-.b,1 a'

-- &5 t.- "1 ? :J 6 r. 4t I Jd )1 ( J'e) e6


qr;{t(6 $fi1/1-c* c)?'Le,t,'t'/t ' "vi}s4tL6
,.r

l,!

1';.t

t 1- t4v
trz- /,r / r( z-, G *, ; 6'/ ltle'! 6';2;,!'Jd ;,' {./+' o' t
t!+t, ( ( "t(j" L,P :a) {,,v,5t,t L,rJ i { v,,!,!o.a' -,'7
{t ;t ['t r,! ( u' ctl','t,'t

;i,

t \)t vti'l"'tt'tJitt"

37

,,r i,,.t ; -P "


V

L.

t L'./'

-,,tr-r" *tt,l,li

4'

+,1,"'e,

tct','r

t i ut.4 6'eii/

z- n

61 4 "t rtr rti''F"

-<-tieli.ptiti
z-r n,,

- 7,',{t {t):, :,} 4 L'.t +'+v 6}4tCt "}

t:

-tt'J',2 tvt LL)[,lz-E vn tfv't?E

6:4,'zV
tJ,V

)tr - q L n.,'v d L rtt

-4 L x,:7

d'e.t

'+t

la

ir1z-)v Lrtt I

*t

t,

cl

(' J f

tf"t ti,trt!,"v{

44t+'l2

t.tr

i'L

l,bLJl

Jathnfaitt,&( t+-,(,J'tl
j, ;4tSei, tt,t,,t7r vnjl;'t )L ( i<-lt,'1.-'
,'

i,

JPErr<-"E6

-l

-7**(t1afuF-v$ 'lti
LL

Jt -' ) 6'v

1 c.,tJt' 1) t4,L't [t'.- ) ::=

\r..ileai .4;itP)" -(r',ryp ?t,,t1:. {J,;

f s stt,,y't t f

- )v!c+

d,,

6',,1' L-

q1,f''*'-4 iv z-,,!.' z- i /.',J - )

.-

f'fe

/.:,J,0+ r.f';6 i';'r,12

v-

"t

6\?+

6'C -r

L'l: 6'oJ{

t' '-f'! lti1f' -r

--'^'x'vi)v
(;.- z-nrt,J iV'A';,iv21-

4.e'/')'/."L'[6'e -(
.U! LV

l $ ft,t' tt"tJ $t P Jt6J'e -5


i' t c ) 6 - 1 (i b t't rF tl I
/,5,o
r
L
*
4
$
"

{'-t "t,J'O e }'-l'7

ct

-,,1.-. btt,lrlk.t'r""ti'btL

- 4 ",i ot "'/,r! +{
t

{,t

2, t"t

'/n'b

i lrt 6t' r, 4 I

(J )e

':'
c'

-6v{'/"'Y)

lo

L" e.; "'t o,,"' d V, L e i't'/'e

e.,

11,.t,>, f, tV lt

t,t t V, L
t

tt

-,| L fq:-.

t'rt i'

et'

)'4'

"t

Jt (' t - t

; ufL v' t+t

i i v' L i'-di r et V " 1* :''" "'

-,.t /,Y v s y' s L 1

" i"'

17'-$,"'

.39:

!7Jo,J'1'a"
,'

q-

i,r,J' aqt - -. /' ;'

ct

"a

-,2,'1,!;;ri'ii-'

,.ft ,e)aa=o;',r: - ;v {-' t,/'t- -,t L'ti'e


{, L J,0 j /, | 1#- d-l4 r ? /' n'rt,J r lo' t i'i "
-?g,j

-'

!/{Jv1aL,fi s i'.e' tr't,/.f?* i'. }{rt i'c


L'1. vt'tr"'' 8, L'l /)v
- L,t'. i c !;
h t' tt i, z'! u81' :L i'e
- 1 dn,.t ;' t' 1..

).

,7

1,;L

t'i7c/(/Ju.*l
-

-S

e6', ls

)v'

J'6'c

Pt{. *t :iL'>,

rt ti -V v,J,v L,t''|J,.',1"v+ "t'!'c' lct


sv, tL r,'t *,

t!.-

.i'

:'',,, -U

tt

/!'!+

ttr

el'

-"

t,t

JP'l
i>

"

--Z,VJ: t,i';;.-,P "r""'n 'fr"'/1r -'rJ cv


1 "{' a,', JD 7' t i n' o -2,"1'
-; {,1,,,,.,,;;r, lni +'v',il't?
,)

/,)

21 / }1:'

1fJ v 1

-"'/'tettit tttiJ'tt

'

-'-1,t,V,! rt n

"

('Q

t,! 4

)et

40r

L,t@6'

LJ'o"t

"t/''h

I J l't'

al' eE'.t V't':e'('Ls'{


'rv'L /'1J4-{' 2,, vE L}61,
: J7 g.rt q, 2-.11, i,J,tL ('1Lv'rw,',1, 1t'{ .:''; 1(
LL,t{.-[,J'tt.(( ({ /*,c.,/,t t' q.- =v' i' ; "' "
"J-

z-1'V

{/

luf ;vort'4"' L i
*' !d'l :r"'i c'

{s(gtz $ 'i1(t't1' , /n,i+


$ gr7.ft -I -v -ts /4' 3 1

--ff/'!;-/w'lt;'< 5+'

i"' !i.l- i/'"'r'.*

.(ir)r,J,Ie
J ( cl

L,f g

u;

!7
"

1,

f u,',N71

tJr

-v

;d.

*ii
.tV41rf'e*';et<
4{' 4

t'i,+zi,Ja'4', t"'-i'
:

6 9 Y',./tt1 ,c t(

.';lt{'i"'?7-eJJPr.'"
J/;( "

-L,tfLqtiietl '

*'! 1D',; pt {,$r," cti N/((,(r)'J'c

),,21

* tJ/ L ez

\;,u..). j,v;t'dL'?,

)1.- c,

J/

06 tt i

L &'

tL

-F, r

;,.t it ;-.,' {,.ftu-' -b

ts

i1 u lJ'

i'; 4
(-",,;-

r,1r t,t 4,;

c.!il tJ.t Iet.,,l"t :/4t i,a{'.t1 a.r't} utit,'t' J7'


jl? L -, rc i; ; i; vJ{- a i- v o
s-,!; ; 3;t 1r.',.(iv'
"'

6,t ;i ls I u zt

z.-t

tcl';

,, -L

t1./u1

",t

v//vO }'fu /en', - " r,!'-l


"

6P ttt q.,49

cl

"t

qV

uV.

"

lt )i

t)vt1c!^,, "tqtb, tt 9, {git-v/ r'e'Jl2u t :r' 7' {'>Wi


t !a 1 ) {.,'i,q z-{ li, g -J'.,,J,' tt'' a- /-" / -f 4'

('f ,! -,,/F,1"'tLtt'! {iti rf n\ -ot")t t' Jvt


z-t(tyt.-(2 epci,'t(tz{
,,t Jv

ct

i +.2.-t

cti )

iL 1ttt76,$."16'(

?J'ft

;v L
+
'!

f.'

ttt

)Lfc)W

{r tt'

L"

-?t'')t-t'4ia
t9"z-

tt,t,ta',t i?+ i n f,l.''/ n iLt ;,


""

4e,

:lri1))vL6:o
-'"giti

tt

iivl;.z,pL6'e

--crJt-,.tlt,,ivttf,t,/v _l
+ y,,rz-, 17 r,! tt v(4,/i'l' +,! a'e o a',.t, ) v -'
t,+,! !,i isLo'a!+cn'!o';si;v4-- t /,J'e -'
-?0t$/J'Jt'L*t*'si

.zL,f il'1 +'"pl-t i iv.*f +'J't )'J-'t"t','''


,r

,i

j;.,

# 41,y'',J

v &,; v,' ? Er,


|

-,/,t J'ogrq L ) J'P' +'c u!2- t $t


t;'!' {' } v --'J
"r "
t

r'

-w
jtr/.z6,tic-,Jt,,t( vU t;{'ti|ot'}ve'-+,!'J,'>

-a

-6c-'"a'trd-tz

{$a
{t f'{t {)- L i fi

-tu t F-o*u"Jvff-P")ve-

4-o

r;G

v'lr J- &o'; u

z.

-z-tn &it V t6J't',


|

at

;N J'

ry

4J( l!<- i /'J/'t )ia- ;lzi +t e" la LJ'ti


u!t l
- 7 i /,f v G;,,',!,' ;i,f ,i r) r tto'' &,4 i "V
"
)

^",

-:
-

t43'
,

r,!l

tfi

L,J'e

f+ f?,i

,4 L,;e'\,-jv,,t

!, q -,

(,f
'

1'",';

i,c-4

),,|1-v Vt/4t

zu

tt

i )v t' 4thJ'e'

*L'J

-'

t -r,.t')vt Lt't' ;t

b
A,i?,,t ; V i/:'tL?2t " )t' i tY6'
{L /-tb t.- tt t',u'c v t' f ( L tP l

-+ruv.e'v4'tyul

-eriz/fv[ &+vL']6'vli)"]6'e

)'

L'/i'c
-tl
vle"t"t'/'-'
l'.;
-v,,//.L$,c,,7u1vt
i
-t
tt''!';
i'
:Jz-vL
J"t
i;,,,'r
-,I +.JP. "
;,!';''t"'IL 5'0 " t L s'
i'J' t)
J'
;'t'ol
4't'
d
o
z,!,
a,f -

"

'

L,l'V

-''-

\,,t L;t -r

)tF i tf'+ ot?,1' I i'J'vt: J tttt'' i A'e "


y'-Y i
Olb, rtJtt n Pt)".- / L"4
I

F't'v''i

r
7 r, ) J ;tt'F i aV,;,j,e J4't cs
rL' ;'J'e I
ut J v dlJ, t,/ \t' ?,f z o

6,e,,t
L(t -

J'

4tJ'

/t!t.it ijiL
-"

a-6

jvi

17

|ur.-,i(; + ,tt e- J'Q ttAtl"

44

Q ft'( $,) n!-..t',- r',JA!,t,'r-ct )tlef


gnalqy e4r/, :.t w' 6 L /c$.- & ? A{ ie i'1"
-"

?t V6-6,tu.t O,$ *ctnz- L 1!'aJ{- J

iz-V : 6V

rJ?

lsu.t',t o ) i

la,f

"'

-t 6

2-

rtt- z-u 4

qr

;fitv +,.1,,t

J{r{t t
{ lot L./L'a o r!,t i

15$ +,'r
u

6'Q

'7u"f',y

Gb,,tJA.t,fa,

tt'tJ'tr7.2,;(L/,fvL, tt,tLvLt -tt

-?lrttll(

Slt ) n!;

ti" rn tt Nl e.P
. J''furytc/Jr,;.,ti7c//. anL-,"'y'ri & r. J6
Li L +.-iz-liLtt-Eti t) tqI{Lc--+',-/+,'-z

)t'1 ) L

-,j
(t.1\Jti
0'6

t.

,.r o

6'/.- ;",Jt

t!-

Z!-

A 4-'

z-

/ + at tl l
t

n'/ z- u' L
|

P)
)".- ( t'i 2el zi LV )4' t't4 c)AJt'I l"- ltl

ii',t o' r, (,tr g, {=r\.)t,

iul'O

t),t

-t J? tf? "t'.t -,J

r;L

r {' t),tl "t ?O(; 1 L'/,f r., t,t 1,f rlt<-''u :'n { ot'f
"(
crt r. a
- -,.Pr.l' ufulL u,v''!'LeV
2,t(Jt';;v;vLiule'*(&;,,tJ' rfnt|t")t -t'
t

r.tLaAlvLL'L6'O ttr
-

,)

{n

v.,,,t 76*'e

^Ju

t,) 2' a

i i, t'.t' ; v.- L /' J'e

v+.',ir2' 6t t /'';E' )

-a,!Ji:'/,!
-.-r't ivtJt6,'DLrf G;v -r
v
-r
b t{)t't )i L 0 i""t o'/ &' )
vt,l
6,
-j
v.cl
z
.1,;

-,!1J'++,riv+
./,:,v,! " i',i,.r, i vJ<-6 r'f' ttd 4''

L : J'
"

-it Z-,6'51r'A"t' | 9t'

,,,;--cj,.r iu"

r.&lai/:intL-L't: i'ti
-1d"ta'.trl',.fa:

-t

ffJ ft
1*,ttr1i

Jb/

,v','

iL't-soeb

c-.

t)i't/ L t' L'r:


r

i'v - t

Lxp/e1 iL4{,t4J',"'l L/l i;

--6a.,.1o,r
i= z-t({ tJ!1- '''/:otv'iv
t
o,l,,,t i 1tA!7v', (. ttri it'- L'/: J'e -s:Lurcl ,vr| Jflpt"U z-'
e:gaf

-G-t

e )'
t J,'a-' 6 I -u,i't't i t' t' L'/: i't' -t'
a.!:,:),y
dJv
l') /' iU : "1 J"
- q l-tt
"'e
-.-,

1,,

a :a r't

t.- L'[.t \j'


4t Z'4, 6lL Ja ) i
t

l{e. LvL on,,t,J'C(,it i,:),/''t itLt' 2-'l:i'O


lJ.v.L,-'.;fJ;:. ii:'L ;,'6:., i+:- '" -i z '
t

(,; i'e..!>,,i jt!1y

-t

i/f. /,ti*'iv -)
ft ,.a i/,,',)!',,-;'Lt h jtI'-,t *L Lti 2' L r li
-L',,tt viP(fJ''r6 iP,,tti| )'t'''v Et"r-;v

q,,l.',i;
g

),!

'

<4

)?)n

(Justification oT Problem)

t.tfl

lq { ".{, a'} y 1,.r i,'! o, V tty'., r'


-, ; 5,1' ( t'f r!, e t /r) f) 6 :,'t i fPl tt z z- t 2t
yL,rv" L 6'a ) r& /{z,s'./,/e,.t'ti*'t,/
-t i) /
{t /z- )v.-,h
1,

1u

{ 1'.rlU -t'4 i-',Ql- -.c


g-Lr/. ;rt {4 oi *.,L r,',14e7 -,' r'! f4 yl L' {,
/2 st il.t

g;'x 2 r,1 g t'0,! o

;{ 1 O' ;"2- ) vL 6'0a-i cl-d.,'i Vtu

rLu.t.-

"

tvV

u{+';.-+'!,t4,'rLon-;7or.}t{-,,-t,.ll!.-o,!O'a.-.2c

/ "ta tt z-" l -'l,S'a - i

vtla

{cf

tt
9

<-

6* cttJ,J'f

*,

zr,ll z- /tt
l i ;, i,J' 01 il ! z- x.:
V

st,6 { u,,

Jt et Jtlt 0 J e,
ct t!.,

ltt z- ; v

zJi/-r' 6 rl J -' tt t i i
^1U!
-?L'/L')E/'/L'.)n

iv & ufo,t* ',1'J of],,r-'9L6,1t.-)V '* 1t


i; v qt F U vtq 6,, x lr1 ka vt \r n,,t -' I L

- 1,,r2

;1>r

Fr.t

q tx x,tt ctfi
"','r - )

&

tF. !.-

q,Jt

{'

t\

i t,,

ulL

i r rr tt''

},J t.t q,,rL'} a' A ) 6, lL,t

if

(,J-r-4LeJ-J-2'i.f J, 'tLJ') ! vt -t 4;r


I'J fi /'!1't4- v":itt"
\:)|4 +';v 4t - vtlva )"+| L'
L ntaat)rt5:,'tJr \5:',-i L

4 i 1; ",r2;i i-*'a'f 4'

; v t L t 4 L t'
v'l{-'g|'tt
L
J,O/'i")
/z-'.','
-,,t'u
") "t
V

2/'t!"'814 ="i-: ='


si ,.y:ale:1' J: J'-"' i
:i
v''u
c
-L'
&
t
I
:.'h
vt!
L
;
;v
+9
i'
,!
- 7,,
Jt ttaLtt'ei -{ '| )f''(
:

1,

it't;!Lii:iv4t:',r',1,/

L -r q ey,,t t', 7

=r

6l I'u:,'t

i tt'-

-,.1

t54 i t ) {

"i'

"

/'!'

i=',t- t t JF " " t"'4 t'

{L,J,a.-;{ frP- (J'

N
fJ'k'|
'l- "' ''/''(
E,t-VE (J44 L r =;71'/"/ot7/L '1tl 't; -v'
4 / t lq 4
*'!'
cte''
cti
)
i-,!
z-,,t
!'t
\.)'
&
;
tv. 2
U

^t'O

ia,)tt '{ 'Jtrt a' ;;L6''}d1tlJJ/-v J/t'


ut' i; v 1)t, t' o,,/,,1,fu'c c' iv''u it
)i DV't
v
v'p -t x,b #. 4 :. ) e,),! - 71's i';e "a J" f 6't

i,,il,JlQ,'.)'v,,t

et

i*
j n ,-f v i' t +J z i'tv'' ,t'
'.r 't

'ii

t49i'

,tys-,

ut

-tz-tn

itt 6 ;& ert i'r-'i Lu 6' ;l


v,.*,+
fu
)
*hzJvL. tv-rn -t)tL'!;;6,i Jvtl-rvtt

6,,rg,;c",;as'X

/a/t f,,t e',1'!g\lt L J ft'.N ti$ 6;

t"t'l1
"
,:/t-;,!s',tr t & x I U, :+ b -{4 "tt'!t'e ['' )'
c'/3 4 "f '1r!' z-' L'i
xf
-y 2,,! i n!s,t, z-'

lL

Jt ot

f,'t

6'n

)v,'y,JLu(1.-

't'l

o!+cn,t/ u-t - E-v{- i,'/' cd ) tL Jt't LvV't v(


t +ix.- J't,!t'-o,5t'r ;'t {')r)
t,f,y-t /" 4 ii
J lt ; i' ;

,J

*L

"tfnva

"

J h'l' t4 6l', 4 lt "$ n ivt t 1t. t' v &


n, ) q.tti,e:, ld A' ( ]Qt 6y: "v'[:'tv" $ " :'\)

6,o

tt

.k

6!

y,!,1t,,O;vr/1\t,n {o!,' '! 'J'Ci tut r{J/


-

Li
"Lifnq

?Vqdv.f

='

;,oA

Jo'

1'

z- :t.,,fvirg,!,!t : Jv4tt,Jlld;4 c) Z/"1'-' x


,,re-,J',+c j,t;,

F{ J z WJ{+,,!

:.-

-' L},!'f' ;'ty'.t I

1:ot

1-[),3,t r)u]* L tbJ'0,4'!F,,J'*"2-':z t,tle 'u

(JG'yL 4't't ) Qt0'i"t t "tt'


t c't t'l
z-ror r. lL cft i,' *L tt ;; a,./'alv ilv tfL6't

ti

*,.f z ur' o+ jur'',1r

a,,,!7 v *. t5'r'

ec t)

4'

/-u /r1,ti +ra.

t,e - 2, {/ v,'! oi r.- O ot,,t r-(tP

4,J,r)

t'

LL

t'-F$:

/4

oi

i; v "t'

-?6'n/r
(Obiecilv.6 ot Study)

-,I J

)tVt(it/t

t.to

;,.' vv,Jt iL fL tY-'u

-t/ t 7 t &v,J'o.-,i r! /1 4
-, l,& 1, L ?VtL 6,tt- I v
-;,.fv,5 {t.<-.'Lz:vt Jh""J");'L,t -r
t

-J-J't,rt.-,,,J -,,/
1t

^t

!;E

L n',!

Js ,6,J'Cc-

L I o i u z L 6'O.r

2uJJd',

cJ c /f

l-,

,,td,J -tv.,Lo,a,! e k-,-t : /,jtl,! t /ot a'! -u

;'

:51:
J,& 4t 6'

-i,:
,:.

! N./l

ii

i /,r,'tz-,'

b t,

t'- ur/ qJ ct j z j" t


r

S' J ft

*'

i i'Jr "'z' -V;: )


it O'e -o{-"'6t );Z' ; y-'V
--J-ti)ralrur-:- r.

6oaav1 -t'>a'i ts ;
t,t'J.v a

(Hypotheses)

eVtf

t'tl

aesr:arctlf v
v,/i{
e
iscientific
E{
i,i,f
'-f
1',r a
) tL'
-,( *,,'i {" f' {t7 J 14'-rt'}'/i-'1 J

.P;f 4 +, tur,fz-a.,7SP[ f/v,/' I


! { L /e',b, 7 e. v, r,/t,v' :f 6' i{ +'J " r "a /
c

v,r q

,,u

zLJc"-&v tt,,t+iu,!Jc'z,,lViv,F[ct'*\u7

{ -v'r

-'i*"'+{',f'''r
,,'

q z /j&',.r,1,

f"(-rQ
-

I
*'r'V'!e'/'
",.

iLnzvt)'vi''-t

L/ t"i-tll

tP.Le.v.

voung

,F{;,f --c/,VrryzvrfrJ'u t' 1tn" )'/rV("

-''1? '
,et6i,)a-(''t 'i
wa<,fJ(EiL etVL (F/ (tttttte'4 '

i PJ - v, r,J
u

r'! J

c v'rt

'0Q "/,"J

trt,J

? | U tt'?,t U'
-

t!1

-i
-

",t.,

tt

rv

t,l

[ ! "1 6'o'' i c
+ 6?'t 6,C a - I t
Avt "t LJ'0'E

t!.t

YY,f,.t,1,C-/

f,J i

a- z c') r

t.E

|il'

f ,J 6' t e- ;
c

6'tt c-

? rylty,j J/L 4
-

;,t' L ( 4 i{4'

; t " tG o t h t t
-+cV*,f'JA'c''iv''- r

lrY,J

J't!t'tJ,'
-

""

c"t

""+'!'!

{;; 't " lr

aJ a',2'! 6 1,'r z- n : ;?

r53!
,,1\F

rce

(J"/"tr)i't
rnixingf i ) i;v tytt f:t'tt't )i

?c

-?'vtlf't6'a-/'
i' I
tl ttj 6'e- ; E'r'/ .:: 6t
; tt

(Variables)

),o6'',j c)tL),Jt -,'i '\i /'

"t,f"It(2lt'

6 tt7">;-

'l' I'

-+iuJ*l'
L -' +,r,J,f ',t !','6t
/'

"t''J'+'

E' e:''J

lFL t'

-aL//'te'rP
IndePendent
DePendent

variaotel/ t)Yt) et/'rii


vartautes

(l-AiDdt,'t

(lndoPendent Variablos)

-l

-l

-r

dt

/ a/" t't e'tt" )t/a'Jl


i'/'./'61
-r'{-1,''(.

(il

i5.i

-ea'
-vttJt,t

lt4J,aq)"/ _r

-i,t",!,Jt
-,1;:,v&t
_t

-Lf)ttttiI6?tte),
-a'f c.,ttt(r)r't

(Dep.r&nl varl.!|
o

,r.tPtL l2l

ry,L*LtdrL ehL Edz q L't es'P"'Ve'c/l


-

;6

;'.',e o P-';,.Y'i
r

e-vfi-,t'-rt t-'l

'V'<

6:0eic

-r

6'J.t,+6v

dt,t,r't -r
ur"UA'JtAt"'z -r'

{5)

(Key ConcePts)
-

e/tfouf 6d
/

1,1 ;'., * C 6 o'

'''^

tJ'/t "F'l' t'

etu0rdt'
l,',t A $t 4t/' + f% - )' L n a- utt i't )/t't/

6'h a' \'

ttt"A
_f

-J''|e.U|i|L

6'C.-\J''{l"'EA'!1
OttE)'tJ

x/e1ttG),rt

Li

d(

-r

al6'tctq, L ci Lty'yctrtv "

6','t'+ttv -t'
u
6btl
67,,t iJyt-',t iE,,1,t ;i o'1 P -tn tP tl Jt Alv
-,1'oVtt.6*t

{s6}

utL'Ult1"tJt'.
1,.{P tut t

i",e"tL.i|'/i

d,

Ll,'V4',tr$ 6,'

dr t ot'uiv:t

c4tZZ

Ot'U

-o

3t' tl'r

ig"rJttto<P,4
-r'Ie.,Je/6

l'/a007 -l

6 iv'zz-vr

t.t A',''t'"/"f' ;' 3' tP'? ( L A' /'t


b

-i/'l* Jtfz'tf'*
'!t:'v&

,9 ;,J,,L,, ) \'&

:,!

"

: tt

6'Q

&6

-'

lY-' h't "

.e

j/,!
-

l'! ) g'

L'J'V t tttv'

:v

"
}
i
6 :(
;d'rit'tz
lt't;l'
ctv'1'S''
"'t'{'4
u-,.ft L 6[ a,

*, i

tv-7

t y y,

"l'tt'

vtt,t"dtlJ'cfu"/ -'
v -cl 1 t.',) t t)

tc

/i

v,l,J'o tu'r L + J ? t&

-tJ'e6,.ir4t"t L L F
r

4 P'r J ?L

f t'

-c

/t

d'

/'tr'! t ;'?

t$it,:bt)i
L

-1.

z-',t i v L 6,t )i ( Ji""t r) "/J?'t/c- J


{t;v
7,
! i J ;''] {l 1'' r v i'
t'F,,' 3,,.
t
d,,5.v
I

-'

"t.1:

t/ot:tt'6tj'r

t.- /,t -,,'t'y' dl

J'' ;,,J," -t'P N't6/t

A';'l'
,t/tt/:.';tr

t58t

)'r.t -oYlrt
"
-P., Jtl19g2).', Qti,,- o

',t.:.,1r(-Itl

r/ iit /i,

-t
.)

r"*,ttb,
--,..
/tJ)v'/. 9..
u)t

"'

t'

-.Lt'f i-'

-:. )" er " D 'D|iJ

u'

r'- ti

l'(
irte-

' '|

_)nt )t ),

-( tfLvft6,tt)lr4c)tl
-6J,rt,UuLt-(t,J/,H.Est'"&''i'r"'"'J'"'.J
,t r

(,

itrd{r...),.ia i',t tt

u.-t

- (.

t,

$t)g
i,1 .t dlg
'}-a"

d6,1'/-et 4'(1

4r'"4

-pi.:yJlr
j
1)' :.'w L t'! 6 rP*
"

-1

_qt/J,,

c)tttlqt"'st'|'i
"
-,xt-'itJu't4:
t(f t)' t"'rrlit ("'
,, :'".,,J*- *-&-L(tcct)" lti 6t
(d{D"'tl

.-t-6.-e*,6',

StJtt

J4+.".t44

ta <1..a)" t)i?t

1t'10t\-'t'?' (w
- 4t,/Q.)d

ta>6

tY

.;,i

\'!-'"''tr i'l'J'

V"r | $ /7 -' * t

- tt

-"

Encyclopedia of Sociology Vol3' Macmillan Publishing

-r'

Company, New York

-, n

t)

&1

t',

1,q (t.1 a),),r',h

- 4r /(

"

lv & i'
t

sd)

"

i1

uJ.

- tt

- w,, t't,J {t

izt

.JoEt,/

j.tq[

)214'.

'((,.*)"OAt

-tr

-'r

r("'lltP

-'L(EGiv\tl/vtv
Palvine V. Young, "scientifc Social

SuNey

and Research " (196'!) Engle Wood Clifs, N


Tuttle Company Tokyo Japan.

charlss

1r
E

c,Vfit

)t './tt4tti6/

(Theoretical Framework and review of


related Literature)

(Historicat Background)

/', I {| {6l.tv
9

J Jv,, o',',o

y=V { /!.

-,in

P&JZtt

|g*:-t

,
'

;,rt

-,J''i fL o il,, rtr /-,ir -l,.ft-r,,' rFf tq,<,}* Jt,'tr,,t !-;,t,rtt;},!9;tlj i


"(,:{idA
A(,J gJt i & i,,t q Lil L t,* E J- lat - L \t,o {1,,t )
6,

6.

-,,'J Lst
"b6

i6,rt

4r

7,5,n

ct, tt, &,J,0

L! u

{ )!+!,,.i Dt a,J f

Lv-,hLtzL &?a,u 8z ;,t. t.,J-fi s,tt,


- L,l /& A,f ,!, C,' * tJ': a,, L,l V
t

:'.,

-it- t/-;'iJ,.@J:J--,.L

L,rJ,v,

e/-, t t,/4- J rp-

vr)

',,r:JJ.,:

itl{ i /u!r t,
",jr,!

161j,

z t $ I + l'" -:
i
J
r { )-(.,,' L
l,,l
-,t
"{,J'o
iv Jr',:: f
z lrri nJ rJ,o J,.t/ i-,J -,t Ll,,v; rl't/t v+
t/*
1:z
,! ) lL,J"/-- /
"r7'S'1:ti(ef
;

,,v,.t
r

',J

'\tL

=z,l-70

'

'tr

/,f v -t ]',f- "{,5,' L ('!n I # J'e J


tct"" zv
4./,.r t-v,,1,4t 1 ,/; t,J.+,!*ot'1zvf.s
,

t,i,fult -;it 4 L

i la,r>f,,,,,,t -yP
Zlt-

-'

oi ),,r

- /.t;'

cr-

PL,S,vL

fL

(,J,D

N- sc

y','/.-'l*';clL

t
"

-'t

-t6,,tet)tgLtL i'o Jiv!: "PL

+l

q1

n'

Jv,t

A'

(1

tt

"t

s!' z-'t

srt,1: )tirytS-

$ Ntz- /t,tc.tv''

x!;t

1l'6 i
t4 z-' /'t" ;" ]"

tJ

vJ

ri

i; Jl "t - ) v "z
J + "',f 6",f4 rt'tt,1 \i'n er r'l "v r!'a!?'t'i &
i,;:i i.t,* ( u4' llor1 t Ly'"t'r,frt t',' -'!;4''--':

-.e'*

;.i?r J -'ib

LltJl,Ft6t ivtst " ?,.r'u ft:tz;',-E Jv:1,-t,!tte'J;

q{-;uir( -p'l'++ vo'Jtl+t" .'/


{, J
; 6,, ?* L,J.', 1.- {,.ri,' i +'.r + u!,.t t-,J

JgLc)t
/-.1

vJ

,L,tL z-)v oe.'(tj'o-

)rJ

+u-a>-,.P"'/'l V '!'V'

\e,

; 4,t',x/(F'aL 'tt'? /4 '4'


-7,f6-o,A $r,,;rl,t?"L v"to'lti )ti)v''r

-?J,,/N/'Ptt

(J.'h,'-t 2 tJJ'.t !rfil'?J'; J z'"pt''v"tr


L t e: t (c. $,
.

,,

y-

t,

et $ tt2e-- Z

=t-,.* i

-,, I ii,l,
-?E

l,

n!
'.t

;
J',', "' -ni * i' oVI it t' i' 4 i i'! |
w.,J; ;,t:.' +' i ; v, f!'

v6,/,4,,bJ\;

sf.L

),,',.n

{ ) '-k i: '.t Jtl"!?Cl'tVJll

J.

r';v i7

P,J J ; t,J

{e,4

rv"'oPP

c'r li 4 sta 1fsy0'J ct{y,-ki

v&i s,l / Ju -'t,y' ; {- 4' i s!, 4 1'

2r'

lr'4

1'(

; fu {1

_;vj

,x,-(Jvilv.-.+

tAtJJtl""b4

'h ot

i.- rt !,', - ;,!,!; : -: } 4' L t'h,1 1/- 4 1''/


/,! Sz !{7t't.,y''S'.-' /'.v-'vz- lL 6'tti /'J/ " "t

7 {, x rtv''

(,,

-?J'1 4rd'

/'{ 6'01 o'+

JU

*, ; J

"tf

v-'tt,L

ctt,,t

r.t{1,fL L i'61.t 't c't et) "ttL Jl

dL t, ( L ),,' -o ; ivL O,Lt'L! {' iaG


,r--,t,,L.48 e( fLC 4 zvf,J Jw'Fz-t- t' t i1f u
ivi'.t o?r',-t i,,Jttrn ttt*4t-o;-t:ov'ti2 )c-t ) 1t'! /
)')
t
n Jtr4 ( 1' P L :2 rt v 1'
;
,'
zr
J
l
\''/)
f
"t
e,pP(a ClJt

"t

Lv L 4,r',r',>r "t i $t Jt,J Lv L,t 6'0 rl


i't-t z.- -,,"r' J,, v -,i !- +' -l "t lz' l; v "' l "
L-i-rvr|,,-,t t 17 i Pl- i1t'i -". "1? 2 t'dPl i'c a- t u

,J

r.t-,

t*6,0-1,tt J,1-. g'1ut7;n ,1n 4 ed t fiv"t1)2;'"t;

-?{tP',f,tr-C! +!'*lP, f,'! E,f4

Review of Theory and

.f?,

-'/

:',

"

''':

"(t-

li!raturoiV6ttt'Jl!")19

t't

i;vL,t',,'cts.,LJ,c- i YL*( f J'u


L f{,2,t l.l i ltt --,t'\';,'t' - .- t'/)t' (' t'i

-t,r : =V,
-.-0,!,, jtu.c.b )s,-t,1.(.1,-iut &L

2[ibJvL

cav,

J.")l

,J,t:,

i-, v { JV,\+

N,j -

-.?

Jt

2,

ot's

ot /r7 - Jv

"
-<-"a i,!u{t.:}J Y.t
i

e -(qtL e/t,-/6'J11766'1834) /
(Late J,vJlt'.tP rinciple of Population
jet s! J ti!Q r/( JttA ('h'/ ( Maftiase)
Lfl
k-d,'
+v

"

-4/i'c,.r 5,,1;rla'/ ltate Mariagell6fie:' oJ


i'f],J,yi i'{,,t(n i" {& 4i,tltettnitvl L}rlt|6{Q'

(1,'t(
,:,

vt

;,p - j -,

ut

Jviir,,t;i

/!' J t'v:,' = IL' t)V'b' ) J 4 -l'


)

-Geft conrrotl$jqz-t cNJ6

? ( Maftiage\Late rJfi y'6

';

-,3

t,

((

L?eC o.

e,q,z,a

';-

e'; i

L tlt /- L orr't 7{/J'/{

{i'-riy'

iit
'/t-l,!o,eUIJvze;-

4?fz

L't i' i I

{('tit

lPasiti\e checkg'$ 't;2- lt

6t,,.t,,,iJs w'J J',4't

Jv,*$,

A-('::

/il;,yi - +, :,,',f 6,; -' ; t L,J/'JtJ'.''''


-

J,Jtf

Jv,,!,tilt!auft

24 3 2

-(geomatrlcal
1

agressionE/2

Atilh ProgressionA7'9t

.65r

,j,e

(u,,',;/t ( pirtn control)''"'

L,tt -8,.1|r:.,r

t'L/
j/&Q/L'J "t-'i

\,",P,/( (Late u a t ag e1J,g.- 'Z r,/ 6'!v('


r

-$i

i,;

,;v,,iLV"{'J6'\iJr37

L-7

;; q'

;!1'/'a i /& ( Jt.

-$,,/s- r,J,ti,tL
6 u-r eE aet,

\t,ri,t

r. 6i,e- i

;.- e/r- i l^J,t

c,4

on

r'

at

tf

1vL'Jl

ittt;

r*{z-l'-u'! 6'v"t 7

7,/,f,1 a l' "t. t' r'

i e-v L

'

4 +,-/ri't)''

"'

Jlz

!'

ft,4 { n -v, i,.- o1.,,tL,J,c- i v'tr * {'.r'trt x )a


:-'
.r,oJ 1!ci Vz, * J't- ;rJv 4 -t J'Z'-'t
L

c,, z,' -,J' ti'- /: L

n i'

tv

n'!''r

/-t''

j t r a, c
-

z *1n,,'

-tl-tsfL'- /'.f dt* L //;1 " 1t*

,,

u'

I z,YL,i,v -lw inchft "9 It :yL J'o ) J' ;


S.vL . /;' a- -it J Y.-,ttt
L

y,
"

r66!
,,t

egP{z-7,t lt,,!1vn J'? 'J'V",J,f;L4't"


,-"
t- n t v,J; :,' f ;! w{/,t, I -

"

:.:r',, J J4:'""t J.- tL\w|l,cfii ';v;'L J'


,..1i 6.,V- a; - ?t,'t )(t \): *L 6,tt L J' /l' q'f'':
,tr. 6,e2,4,-!t

t,,,

! +i' ;' v,; ti st / w6;'t " 4( ('? i ; b|


o

6, o 1 'g ,! J'r,' e'v t)


,,f,,t 4t

L(wincllp 'J bL,J't)-1v" ittt(L/Lwinch

L s, /- ula
L

iVqia{i'Oc-ltt':"('

t'/a a

i/,! 1 1 f,.-,f,5'

z-' ct "v L 4t, tt, z-t,S1


t " n i l,! ;-

"Jb,,y;.-

f't

"1"

'E*Li,eL-(w

;-.t' /'./' a {'13.,P

i +/

i', i-'/6'e" !1-

*-

"'fi
ll,,z7r'lF !'fv

Kephart)

''{t'lu'i-

t', L.i-'r'' r -V I )!+ d" + 6' 4t ;t ;\


l/
4
=';.,
tv
t'
r v,l t,J rt,l,f -, V{ 9'.t (tt' rt i' /r) ) 6 " 7
"
7- 4 u:5 7' -,3 /.{+6- 'S {ln i 4'-s,-f i{l+1'tL(t'i7::
o
--J, ?;,-ri i,!r))t7ta txut t) ! tltt TtJC[i z-v z '
t;'

c)t

oi' fl'!'J "7 tl^t'4 6' J')'


6\L -v4 t! -'i::-+1..t'-';4"y'/

-\,-'.lttt l-+i',,y;-

"ir-

I
'

'{67}

Lvc't.'- f'IJI
I&1,,f { -6'tL e? 1;& 6,0!6i
16 a2-E 6l/-t$,4'f, JV,'/,J'r( i)LJv"4"j
-,ad..'L-t
est and Lockes)t ttrft
t !'l a- J ltt } & a(nitv"
(
(lnretuiews)
L
d-'t'
/t
.fb,,t ? {

"The .,,fqtL(Burg

Ltti,G 'ALcvJ)tJtt"'ldz'n

q
t- ;

ltv,!; ; 1 i,,' -v { ) r4t't't L'l:12-

-'

tt"t
) d<'*'! d''

+ 'tv
t

-')')vt"

l"7u-'

.-.i Jv. f.7

,'

/w J ttur oiJ ct)"' r/-

l{'ra''{-g Q

7" )r'

u6* :
f'
4
i'/f
ur's''
;
u,!
t
4 ) u''
7 v, ; I
"'
q'
L
i v-:
i
Jl!+
it
i,!,J,ri-,t
")
q'/
z
L rt,
"'
"V
Li
)
I
c'y'. aE
ovr
n,fv'/''t
"t'6
o,v /2,,t' /, +i
"t''
"
7 1 dtrL L L ( uut,lq i'ta'o'''-7"(tJt!7rI
Q

",

ctt

(509:1960) J-e{

1681'

. -L z/t)y,O{t)4

at,;\t),Jg

i/,t,e u: ", ?

(.,, +y

d/,-f,,f

',k -

L,J,e,i,, J-2 L

i']!1

),; a /,

'l'(

t,e.

-(
'J 'C

Lt)()

Ot"(vr 6

{', -! -,!,f'

L L r 1 ( t J'o

t"l

ct't'

a}

=".t't{t
G

1'

"'f''

61

)lq'/- ' ( otf I

/,irf -t-9 {} z-tiot +v t,/'J 't) ' =a ti ": r' 'l }


! J 'v.t' J l,: -:'4/'t;t',t-1,4't-c 4 '2lrt'-2" -t
t

z-

Jt,r'ta

LN

ct

i'

q tfa

:.1

2'

,;,ui,!sic)

Jt'itG\.t'tit&v -l

ovlt,t-*6t{oi,r -'
ov.,

:/'!,9

;tL,l.-

a'6':,i'

-"

jr{;-;--;

-o

4 6 t )i "'
$'' L 1 P L
t, i,, - & i, V'! r' ? L it t,,t J L J't )i Z' r i
"
c4) ty LV ; "' t'
,, L./2- rt' u L A ; Lt ; t <-.. h,,t ra tb

,),/

$,)

/,{\?{, ?t v r/ J-P c,) ; t } y ( oa


r

,t e,E)l,'

-.

"'tr
j.',,,1 t,'t't')) t q
?&,a (t ? t'-lv

"

I w't { ;f

16ei'

/st)1,,,'tq ,treN .>P irtt


L rtt',t z-d, "t'l! cl,,t

t-ii(,ivL.)1i "tJittzJp

ttvlott,'utl'

-{" -ft

'

2 ',J'e

'

';'

l- ";/'! lai"' i t
/' l {et ;r v nt e'li "i I
z-V

-t

i'/'! S' ;'1" t)t:)?"


Jv,l/n 4 A,a ft, a ( /tts''r -G'* f1 YLlJt4?
4+t Zt'lv v (Jwi'ldlvl' y I' itt-'i
tr J,

i( d q'! -'t,,"/A

lr - "t,,/,tv,,*
g a,o { ic,,r
'J,t,c,!

t, i'h

L6'eJ=Psrf 9}5t{*

q,/t1' 'P,'1fc'{o6t(L r '!'l


j )8'4{ '(E b'
-.P-,atL ''l]4tii,e,!,/,1'd"to' 'e

)fi,

t':,tzJLct")t'?.

-7-a )v

y, c

v,.{",

({'+..- 1,' ;7, 4J' 4- { r r f

tr),9',t 4 ]e

"

$ J u Lf

tv

jvtt - q,f*,s"'' ""{-f--' dtl"! iA"yg?

y-,j'o,Ju'qil'7Jv'-teE'-t,J-,/
+cVtt
,!+,,,-t;l ',t it;'l ',).7t,/e'u) "" )t"111g'"r"uel
-q L't'5;ti

(
'
PSOtYt
r

t'ht,t

)i oV

E4,yc)'

J.,,, ;t.; vr,.'' v,!,J

(L

/t,,tF

tu

r q'; v "'3" J't'' L l'b

v
\ /,.1
(

f,tt, t 4,t,

z- J

))

=&

G?$'!

t'

i'f

)'!''

l "'''"t'! i- /J' v't"o''f'' -'a;


--W,t:'1,t"'rs'.t

,t f',/,/' e {r d4 t

"'

7'.1 v'' " G ; /'!t

lS'e'! ti'iL." ) -{{v(e

,'t,*

6s, ;4.v

/i

c.tvtos,''/' a

:'

}'J'o''t

t'.r A'vL +"'t' *

\- ".t' {lf.-

L*

ti{+

lt''
J}' }'f

d'l't

"r

J*7r'1'rc( S'' i

u''

iu

!v{.,6'ri L,t ttL -l ttv& L h"J L /ct J'/ 4"


,,r,til L,.t+,,i4tctll+ ,V =rL 't,'oF't' lv "'Q
{L6; y L r
L \)n tt it l, z rt',1'"t-i\l'th' u't''n''
t{"' L'/'6 )'- +' it'!'
() (
(
tur
i
t,,
;
- -t -, -,/ =i
gt'i'i'; *
-o -",'l-

";-.

9 )t5

r,,r7 ar,)"-/'!

s!'gsl

lvtlz-c*

C t'

o e'6 ttt

-7Jv,!ot'.+{oa'
-yt)

&J

nlq

{ fLu6:ir'c,

})t

Ne'

(.n \ Lv,:v q.fz'- tl i "


i{
t
E-'
;
-.-./1,t;./ 4
;,,!4g lst L, : J'w fe',' 7c!, t fl'ft)"t t f /'{ cu; !/-

,1
,

t
g

.t' - <-

(fav1

I 7! o i,

:,,J'L,s

lr-'l d,,' ? {,t{r,t c 6 L) } tY'J

tY

L'

"'/!,:'/ o)6 uit't r) i0" "


(dtr)
-r,t

,,'
"

n,:jb'(- J *',

".-

ir:,ttAfur,!7,t|r4n

j)

/6t

u-,b4 ( V( C6 ut Ji r)r.-'h \',"

-( z-qgE,v$...,t ;'.t,4 ) tL' /t'-t

$./

tte

li

-''tJ'C''

vt

tt"

i;

\72'
(0 q 2,,9

J$i L

&/t

J,,

!7

ctV( att

of fL

6'e

-,4*,!"vl

-ii

-,

-Jt', -.
-(Jtg)U6 -r

!1, l;,.t "",',,4t,!7' o 7


q,.-' {,1,

;;

aU

-V/,.fe'

9 2,5'

it|t LJt{ o(J L /'.t

"

-"llVtL'ie tt

--J,f,,t;!t

/ z!;;J',,;'h!'.1'-y',J 4:t- ;

J+EtiJloiitl
G A)"
-

a,Jt;,J,9

i 4'ft
1

-,)

,e,t;t1" '') '/


'

i, fti

Jr'6 nt'

ti
'

^,)r' 'A

c)i

f-;v 6 rfQrvyc
,'t

a$ -,/t
(r rrt

/27,''"fa r{'J'Qi"

a'Q

"

)t
- i {.- dt'c,! "r'/f { "v"+'
()v (,C U d\,1 o*.' |J'Qt ( W.' )
) -" i v,, ?
t),

4t

Jy'

ct|

vfutJ
!J4v',
d{0);itc)tt,J.{-+yc,f
-ufl!7v
,'!4v rq L'rG rf" t',!.t r /oJ4 i;' J'-- /f " "'
',

ur;gJ..atJt
,',' o

s'leg

6E

il,.*t

".f
-,tr ioz ),!

uo

--'/'u* { t- i'

{,}}':''r o JJ<-'.- f)v{tt

-v,,

- /,,4,J,v4.-

X,t' -' /1,!

"v"a;le-

L )4 U'.-'Qlv

e<r

4t

"

L /L

4o t tr' tt

-'/i\Jzt "' )',',ha'


-JitaLt'i-'[((

,,1jtv| -cr-,+|

i Lt L),{I&,'It''l,Jt' L1,'f l'7u


-,

-r

Ljt$ L.t, t' i e- t)' r r L I'i

l74t
4' di i tl
L
\tt,!v4ti.{!
-.2.
Lyz f,p L,j; ) J -'t e ) 6 "i' r t/( 2 c" t'1tv
" di i"t q
i'
J.v'L
+' ('e
iufGl,,t -' G'el il o

t,!,,i,F

nf ;
,t'.

*i1'

15;'

-7P'(>1'.)t

(..av {' t a--t,,t.-'/'t.-

",! -l

z-va ot ;- f Y <-rx s9

,J | 1,

t,

!,j)--y,'tit

';

-,,, )

f utg /', 6'e L t'


t

{ tt I [ & QJ'e) t'

z-w
-,' /,i,0'1-'r'xLv 't't"r S;' 'f
#f ,r' J --r/=' ; J i" L /: c'or

t'

"'{- 1.,'L'l:Qt.- *J/r "ta *JZ


(f6'tt)

6'e"

I i',J',G- L L,J, e- tlu tit t, ;t,t7 el{' vt


, ) t' )' etb ii I /, 4, ttt,,t ol',!,J' ti' cd t)v L J "l ;""' r's'
!<-u'0)ttrt^1'; /"-7(!., ;*4' ;L &tl r'

i,,t

L jr rJ t lur i s. Qr

5 t,,'

(' a

uf{t / I ;-,i 7 6' ;' ;'

17s!

rLr{t\J:-4 gvtiE

4-J

.,. >'e (.&r,q,1Ln,+'z-!

(.r,t 1""-+,ft,/; vx t7, ftq'",'7,{J'aiL /"f


(qtJvJ,i! Lt )?t1,.fiil,, t,t a;S'"r#''!'/'/a
11

.r,! I v,t' -7 ( ;1,!,5,: ;!' -2 "' it'!'t',/+ o'u t' i/


j.1,j v i {z- ;",t L c.' } n ? t I t!.'4*vJLi6t"'LL
,t
- ,( ,y,!Jv .-r.4.-L i,t
-i-w
a

r,

-+16,J't'o,t
(rr:J, ?r,)"

*,7-

tt

fJza Lu.- i ?. L ( L Z,
-

XJ

(4

g). !

ol
-"

o t,'t

4,!i

n,ti, tt | J' P r, ".'.t


t

"'"

!: t*a )r a-''.f &t'J' VL'Jt"

? t l/-,,fiJ,v,' e'

)g

z-

u.

2,y'

J+J66'\' &r"/'"'c)5|
,-r

J,tt),,,t;14-

elV

-! Lv

i?.L

l,l-,J.t:' !c.)'

Pla L,lc'tt "+ '(\"

iO 't' t
"r(

'l) 'J1Q

{ st 'i

vg *

c'-

l76i

t'''e'lisI
;rtttt7ibqLnIc.( ( <tJ, 4,t) iE!ut
:.t'i 1, )gt l/ 4 z L o, |'- i- 6r, -,' t)/,! U,: "r7 f'o)t : e'
+

&f,

;:',t
,,r

,4

'

'

+ b et!ct s 1t

Lv

o v,fu o,o -, 1u 2,

6" to
',/- 1v

/{f

!7

z,

4,*

L,e

f-*'!

1-,v
'.(

t'f '!,f- t "'fr1 t oq 4- {


V

r' 6 i,'t

QJ'tt)

Ot t

?'s - ?

+t 4 1'!

g'

/(' i'r' t

lis

"

J''

( ilfi)""(' 1'ls J - av
',t ">
-?ttL e26itt1:.ttv

.,J.r{&';,"26"tA' e 'vJ+ tf, oPI"fL'J'v


i z-t2{:,f e, ; - ur ir 7 cn,ff tt ni,! lz' L,J'o Ji
",'
:

,.t"../t

2,

*"-(Qt

4 -,.N

{,r

L,1;lv

fc-v*tatl(L*i'/Le

)e /

J-6

-irL &'t;v L')trtt ur'tt $;t z- 6 r"

"a,w,!jv'-o1"'0;,/,!,iv-ro;ue ,,'7,!cf,t t,! '!t;:r,/:vt' L 1't' '


1't2'Ltrte-iJ'; r'& 4 oi )?t',' ),,Y a 4tt ) 6.1" )t 4

e.77i

a /,, /t,,

/y

=V'

L,J,oL
'"

ctt'.1'

(''''l'

i'J'e

"'

Ji

t &t t''

rt

"t

{"

I v t"
tt z-t

t i''t

)1.( t)/

vtu-,t,

t" J'-V,J' ltJ'o ( o v i- " N t 6 1 ! n c1 "


A,F, J,,,' n' t

'yt,

S ?!z-...1', -U v elr' r'it' 7


I

z-t!=,, -t,,t L, (qr ( l i'o' tt't 3{L''l"t'


+,! I {tcg 6l',,' J n d\' f'''/t'6 Qtt i Lv

dy,, -z

1, 91

jli-,t' *

tt

"

,t',)!' fu 'tiruJt
.- {,J,Q ;/;-'r< o' Y't ct.$ 1; } 1 v
-

7{

yY.z' +

t', 6 -

!7

Q,

61

-.'l''

L ot } L L'/:
r

",

+'ti'!-/'{
"'i cr

; L /L't "t

J+cti6ofL6'el'r
e

fu,,tu:,t Z,.t/6,'L /,J,c4,u,! i'


t

t i'ir'- -' {'lz"

-J{:z-g;.i'.i.. ii "4 J'0!a Jr'F-':' -'

| " J:-.."!.J.6J.,t
.
i
,t/'tc.a,otv'I
+/
:,J_,-Jn4t)'t4 6 -t
t J.wL t'. g, t" u! L &l n er' t,/'J =v- L''P
)

-',! -,

L, n -l 6 -t =.,,,r, r,'/, e /, n glt -2 u,'.f2- b i n "') ; J "-

; i,tt,!'!vrv,t!,JiLb{'/'l i'4; $ 1i/4'J'o

,-t

{;

\.t

L ( t- ).@ r., t" t t,! - 791 7 y''. "

-e-,JLLt't,;r,',re'ivril,!Lu

7{Yt i,t2,' $t

tt

i' -' l-' r' "F

su-'

'

'+', '{'

/tt
'

''f

z',i {,2' i''ut 4'!i i


-"JVr&"'tntU(oti"

n'y 6,, r.'

7,h: ) -/ ( J o l,t
C

"'

da

/'/''l'

-tllLJgtftino),.t,,'-v,f ,tiq,f 6Jr "'\)ve )


t Uoun925t&r'-/
e ),,a.r -rtn ur,,,flL-7,,{',f
)b

{-7',,{t'tr,.),f,f ,Jo t)v 9}6t'\{"1 t'!7

Ja

-qLVo',(',,'l

{7et

g25,.-,jq- iV+,,'

St,7- t;v,!

'zi"r-r(I!)

JCI

{ z- r " 4t tf x't v
t'- ie!
,,,,t 1.1-t,, 4, i *,: v8'e /6 t? i n,f bo' )fdi
e., rt

i,

tt

) I ct!.+ L.'t

J,'.i, o

'J

-t4Ln':t16.2>t)

2,! - 7 y, i O ;

t1

i;

tt

{f

t! a ?

tu?,,1,4 & i Jt,c !'

e"

t'l,gt

r)

"'6

1t;'

6P

L lt4

116'e 4t

Jii
1''t t) t

ti

y'[; : 6t ;' L &if"Jo ?'V t'


/"
Qt-'
Jz,,l!+{w V.
"
(

!7 &) r' ot i d 7 J : ttc'/J' *'!'-"i-.r6/t/,J'e"


7({,J, -:,r' i,,./t-,t,' L

tJ,e&

;,.P LV,,/+\, " ; a(;


=,'

(/ [t-tu t t'.'- c)t )\'


;,3t

"

L &fu r' a-'U a-' h' i")

*V'
ct 9! ' ,J,
o,t
{z
"'
-,t7
'J'/
'at/,!i;
';tL
-,!r.!,h"1-(y.t,i7y'x f'; qtt) 6b)t'-t olJ/<- A("';'
cx

a'{n +,,,Y,! t

u'

l.i-'Y'

pt!7 e* d'7 '/


,dl-/G,.:/ '!,1t;,tu "r L L/dvt',J -u ll 'q I s,Jll
,r'-,tr

&.-,\L

St ) t!

v.r 6tu:r L

{801

JL,i.JqL

J,O

J6 e,-iJ, : "",,-

) vl l,f c{t -rJ" " f- a,/) v42,{9

e 11 t

2'''ueti
=-

"

it,,r i, t&'r'" Jv "t + J b {'! rlt'Q"t',, r 616,6, f,- ", r',f' ('e i"c' 'tt"t"<-'76t4 rt<J"") 'f'
/'f"''6
Lyc.tua'.t o i i,,',8.', dv,fL,t " n'9 tou' fz "' i
,J,

t.(J'

dt

(6t/ tlr)-"(t t!.0|t'

t il

!1JiJ,y'C",tr"'..''!

Jfu{ -

/:

t'6

o u-t,, -

-+

-z,rJ?t')tt',t
L ),, ( fufl J? ), -f{ u-, ;,J
sft {z-'.,-r,t :},! f

qtJt,,tq-rtc{ ",1v

(d
4v
'

6t

1 z-r | !-

"t

-z'

tt

4' t)i

";t

't

)L

'c

i's J? \t v r ) " t'

rt'r'/c-'Jt L & 6 dt i';


"+'

;'! ct

e2'.-

ct

L -'

t}

"'y'

itl|tt')

t,,t v

-'t

r'L t \t u't -!

"t

Ln't}tt

rf " 4t "t"-,(6'C) ltt'tttt


c)V,,

'

('J'l

L Jtl t $ ; 4-'
y

81

-3-t$ G,ht

f"81,*vg

!;:,..rJ't." J i;J1a
e" r,( L r 6ri,r 2 { j'",.ru,-' rl iV'fiyt e,g qt4

i';. -! r'-.&r'e.
,,'.,

JlfL

e,r + ov,/ +t jL,G d


"

tr

'

;. t, 1.t,,4 i:

", ;t

",(

L :,s'

fu d{JL{ Li -,t'/

l' /,,,,, t,t-,r,'i-,' J' !J,i-tiJ ;

; /, iv, ir,,',,t!,i,'

ql-

",! "4.:fu{,i/',;',,,,i- ;u',!,1,e/o g,,ii'i -;rt -";

j't

"ri

z-,"

":v:-Ja, Jt

J-"L,1\J,e
J,, ?
6

,.o

r,fl,!i

t)tt!?fte-LV,ji,),,",Ja,",(.

: u',.4 v{,.h,/ tp -i.'

L:+h,,,14 Lxt*('cz
!712.'1,-E t 2,f1

i,

u.

) WclOt{cat{'

-Llor aAlL'$;-6{r,,,ri

ct7

"G' "1 6U', L* J

u-'Sr'

4' &

183i

tf 6,ilq. (L:.t',t7,i iv'ttt.-='(4"'h'iJq i"


J,iL -r i J* - n : tt { 6 f A'. t)V, "t i''L ?'f'
t

LltcLi,r '! G'"tir't,i

LV-L't(
'd"te')
'tw,!-f

rf ol L ct',f fiJ' V V,' L v " -'s'.'u'! - i


t'''i
,i,oft,,' t,.: -!'f ,! -, t',{,'i N'r,J'v,'J 0,J,'/ i!- L''
,,rtt, ) J z-

t'

ct

-Lu,-F/)4{,:41'
7

la {l v,f ;c' * e. +'


( L,,.tv J t,l u /t J -,t'r',,'+ /',! "+' l"{
:!1dpS.'.>'zq1v "t {t - f v

i'v /u

:i

';

at,

le { -'tt

t" 7 1td,'r-tr

vtt,tt{1

/'!J'

J."'

:'-',1

tt

$!*"

r)V,J 4 '!i )
"t',6elU,
)EL:'lL'l
c)i )-.-f
2.,)t.r,Jd
Ja,J
'./',0ti)'!
't,,t
',,,r>

/t(LLbt J(,Jtl,'t

L /,tat

'2.i-

,,tt/e.r{t'.e.L

asu' 4 J,+t+,'+ La)'t Ldt"


c)',! '& ',J, r".,t,r' tuft,i"'-'! w E'l'

a,',t,rLf 'tr)t,L

{64)

)t l-G

{,.(J)+11.-t L (, J,ltVr, ; L J i ei u
I

)'t

t ) Ot

32Q-/Jtl,t Jt,,t'J6 ct1 ltai L d it,-tJ{'J';';6 Jr;


l& rtft/wz- (tt(atz L " L I c)vt Jtta cN ctty':r'tc"tG
\27

;i,,t,t,-:4,'+cLe*r'6h;{-,t
't

.,lt 'r-"qlvJ
6'ttet

-ri

l,:

gtlq {ovr''-t',.-:.r:,! cti,4t ra; it+</4 0' Ov'


s'
- /,j t-vL,z i 6,V G, | "fu V L ctt -l-,1'J$ {
,.c.

-.-g Jt,Z-'\)1rr'tJtt/-a{ 'r-rr.trtt' J t-

(Ref

{"

,! a'

t/-. 8;',t
at) rJliv,,
t

,!.

ated Literature) t)t/)L?


)J

L ct I
L

v:

r.1

I q.+ d

',L
tp
: v,!
z-V,J6); .J
/4- a',I
!tt
i6';
&,l-\
7
"

//, t)J L': ''F'- -'tlr,;4L.l.f --tv'e ''i'''


L* (chut ch)- i-t Vq - '-L t i'r- ' t;r'rtS' sper6"tt )l- 't
L,J,tt L r{.-'f'$rt.- $,O sA J1- t'/ vti tu't 4r f{' i
L

1p

t5

-q{"q{JPtb@.4i.'Y

t85t

7,a,lP{,iL t
st

.-,- t(L

e',4

tt'ti )l -?tn tu J4fofi


|

i'

(-t !"'

!a t/s.(" p,r' "'{8,')v' Ji'ti +V t:V"

tj'"I'tl/o"'6t";'
!7{"6' I {tt \Russet)'!'
t'

,d, -,r,r,6J,t--tr,:,*J lt. P.,-r,/t4 'rL Jy"


ljr".P,'s + *6'V. &qJ'o la {,' :' t'6
Jo-"
I

'

:,.f -' t "t'r'J.l' ? | |


t.-,h
'1
^,-,J.,,1

i"

g6 -1,,7-

eV 4

/ \,/',.)/,' 3i V ;'

i.-',t a a)dll {u" q L./;t 7

"
,Jf,r(t;-,,1t -t" ur,f v,rv " -+,!,f r!oatL-']'{
lot,t,-;,! tfi; -r*l9t'4l,e,L -')t f 2t -.- tl t& ta
:tart1./

)tu*-7!v,c)d{')v't't t7t'4J 'y, - L./".2r ''r'


-7d ;*L tTctr)tv.//.<&:( q -,{>&,lt:

.2,!,!t::r"t""{rt/4 - -,L1t:,t/,/gtL ol l)t


.- 6r'E 'Ai-6.',i

ii-ract' L 1,!,!'V.' LL,J,f;,!


L ( Lt

r)u-t

J!r.

tt

Lrr'14

'Ji"l

-,J,!tl -L,ti:C)'J'41r "!7 +'7'3*


1-t-"q Ur;,,,tttic

i.- ot .- r.l,lt'

'r!

''ft

i,, u,,,t,JrY.1i 6'r{dJL-/J)lv"1'tti L (kl


p I y'.- 4' e } Q'4 a L *',
a t,! 1't,' !{ 7,f ,J'
t)

"*

OrCj,'t t)t tr,

-,4

i.

\)4' 4, :.:

"I,cr,l,fL

A t'

e't/ ;n/;'

b''F A'g tP :'t'V

J.L r)' z 6 * 2't'l' ;'',{"' i"z'!

rl- 1 v u i av' tla,A,tq *

b'r2''fL *

V'

v-"i-dv'J)'N ('1"

y'{'lI J?"1;rt o v
r)?L t)jat ,.ft -l{-?,-fb l7//;t';r1-'l"l

"-iia -7"llt,'t

cl

'Et,t

7u{'qto 4' L

rfi"t3'f rt';"
.u,)t,! J'"t7,",'/
'!/y'^!
L
3,,L *,A,t /2,' t t f,,t i'Q.- o.,t,/ t'18 t' fr( U' J'

-0,; lL
1

,{87}

,!;:.- o,!,1",',J,,.tO o;r"t,{s:t z--n{' }lo*'/'! -l


74 :t, y'"? i, t v Ji J' z 4t r 6 6l. ti c'ra "v z ;t,-f' "
s

{o./<- t

)':','(

;"'t

['uf/-"c]6*v:L,r

L9t* z-r,-,vL L'U,{t ;:a- )


i,y' <{>t"1, 2- ;,'? "4v,t;i{r ( fi J46 x-' & ;tt L etl

,{,!u. Ltt?' *rJ' or-(.


"t9

7,.1

;,)t"l,f!

{d(a'uc.rtr7r :d,,:,,
iu?,tV

r'!uLa',,,'L1af1v'

I' urJs

76t-f;t1"L t t"'i/"J

t' : L t"',;' L ltvr -,/,ft Jsa ;v L sz yt'l


llo p Al

Wfu f r'"
L e.tMr J.v,Q; L'Jt ,'tl7+ \,u inr,,t tf.,t'rl' i tr I
aJiu;,,, j,;. z-','Jv:- Ji'ts.,' f -lr.t\a'.y'e'"' t"

eJ,,l-

rz

r,

: r,,

lJ,i)

t,t .rf, )

r>r,,;t

+ &.',f' - n 4f .'

g'',;',11 , )w

eJ,Od-

-<-{

),1,t,tL*,a,,r
w

i-

p'

jlv,

ry'

/l- "a' t' 4 J ;

iFfJJr

ri

"

,'zz8"',fv-.?"1

{88t

,jt 14 oir ,! -,bt

9r3tr

"1t

t)tt.'- ti

( c)titi rt c'- L

tl hi

_7y/,tVJ

i.-?trit. ctrtt;., 'l.,tit.z.f''f '/ 'r z- 't'1" '-("


U

t6t"; L i i'
*.'',t. otJ ">rl v' ogt's' a't'l fL''f

r. 6 /r /r 6,07,':t ;/' & D 6'h e'i


t

t'I,g',.- Jv 1t

t)

(n:ef,i,sr
lv,'-f
/dA

nr

<-v7
"=p1 uttt"''('ziLe/r

!,-'dndtx 'J,'/y JeJ


gt,,

:',1r,J gi7

{-

J/J-r
* u FJ q {' i' L ir'J

6,/.2,41LOt" )ti;t

z-,, t a : i 1,, *,!,J

L!;

i
-t/J" -yt,,','-"i()t$ 1?L ot":tlQ 4/&{=i+l
1

1,'

)*

7r,1'.-s*id"'q-Q * (,r*r11fi ft';;-6,!'J'cl-',t


rree -!- 19r)n:.iu
.,?.L

G,t Afl ('i L,J1 -

6Lt

la

v9

" it''

r!'

ra

tutt- +Vinc')Vt *J Love


*01,t,
"ti,tL')vr)"ti
-ti )t i5; W r +6' ii.; ( v';|I
I

Lt' L I

r'i it o h.t' 4 O'./',t't4ot. {\J'O {'t "'

ivL o1, ctt,r!G,z r,Jt2 |/tcl 1'* i''d'J

JVL t

;';'

{8e}

L9

I t'1, I I - /c y' + I'


-21'log,'&'.- iviv J'+'! iatj iv:-z -L

2-,J,.

1's

a -.

L,),)'-i-Ea.,J

E d,,t,t

rtt,, ( z-

t' -

r J ; t J ;y'!

Jt,o J eiJ,.=',"5;'J ':'?

J"''

/tLtr,,t,J E d, c v, z') [ rL t, t,-d,.r

-,f,!tg'a o' -t -,,,'r t{({-' t4l


4 t /rt
,

;L

6,O-l c t,' v',a,t

o',r-r,, lo, t-

6'ti (ti 4 |

LV

let;'t"t tt i"

ot 6 6'O:t

;!J'l

d-f 'u,J,'tt J)t'L'.tL d'


J.a'L 4 J i i "t z- q {' t f'-

z-v'o
" J'.t

i) v "
J'
- q {n ; t *,t-'V 6 rt'i.'./

1,

V-

"t

1'

Pt ,fL,J'er divLt'{'d.-f .* -P ' '


f I't{"''5a,J'e J; +E{Gq q rl
ivz,,t,j: t'+ i" ::uC u/.',, ot,U Oot'{ 6'0 {; t I

,t

{ 1 v c-

6-'

-at' /'""

i'
'tt'u''fi'''

ieof

L ot- L*:6,r2
,,,

,t{* ilJl-v,,-,i-

a'f
t!:

n,',!ct{llad(

i'r,

;t,,

&'"+i ftt

in'x,!"s

a-i,,t loeptession) e{ ! &'.1 6

-ttl

-&

1u:L

JV 4 tP

et

ir't,

u'u"

ii JiJdlv'it, tt,6&,o" ( High"rLow ) (Anxitv)

( it,,rJ ctit,,r1-tun -i$' (,Dt va,Jt -? Jtt'lJzAJ't 4


y'.''.t7 i n ) v' ir't
s- L.tg-a{1 { qt )at L

,! ;-,.,,J,

g'!/ v!+ d cJt'

e'/' |t,'? &'Vr+

Ll, {n,,(,,y;6i'J J'*{

s4

"'

1j

p&

5|

4
't
't't
'':'
'i
",;

etL"'Lu
;f cpbtrgf;a Ln 6;0e 7:-wt! Lt 't\;:'N6tL
, dt- *;, t,! o'i'-v nlt,,ta vt!" (L n't't-(L "'/0 )ti
,, t ;,21 q

\)r

t,' b

L rc-

a.- i v i 4'.t I 8t r- c t !-,.f d' *'! u 4 + {

q Lb 4 fcl i,,t

ui

AV

* t t.e eer

i+

i'

Jg,'-l I

\ : i vL tJ *ut J l'tt \)t' L a'- 7 c!7{


y+rt,,A!' * r't tt', n,+,J.- ; v''J'e ii YJ.

-..t tr Q L *

4 4 J,I
z-t

"

"

z-'. L

/Jt;'t}t

fL,t1'o,!i

7t

tf I

t"'t+ iV r. 6 a.2i',' f',!,f'.t t:,VLJt+

trz

lJ 6'i

191:

al4!7{
st

uL,1,}1u!7c{(ctt,*L t17tvr

,:),i1*c{rorft; ct- i,la!*v./cty


!
"'! "' 7 iv, l'!'.t

,!o /1f- Jv

c'.t

"'

-t't

,J

ti

L, ;

'

'o

,f 'z r'), ; J I'i 1, Jv't' 6 \


iP" *,'t .*s,'t- i t,'r rt iv "
, | - ir 4 ac. [; t'!
- J q.

4,,t L L x ( z-v -ti,,r 7'/t


7u

'c

* "f '!;}

6,ttJ?vf(rl,4 iV 7',J'0 1' t &i )r/

/-

+,V'+di l,',t f atla f, 'J{7i9 i''aU/,t v ".r t { |


ot 1t e,/,! t y, Ola{,f"fu ','t'L''t| - 6i'4 dL4J'e 6' e
tJaOt/L c)t'tz-rVrn {,'t{e}rv ivivL zt l)'t i' J
(;v ;v L * ;,-f "&t',1 c.t h L c)',,t - {Li &/"r,trzz
J'+,!,.tr;,-t! L,l t),)', L n 6,C- t'!,* C" "'v1 ;rt'4 J9 "
y-vn,l6'f i',zE't f tb-r I o 2 tf (:'t r i L
u'

- P-n fL O'e - ) t c q o t;'1t {t t s'$ /


,6ft. jtgi;v;vL !i1,".- '''! i-nlv,J,J'eoVt)L Y
:

Qr{fu t,' t, L ; r,4 {- + "'/ "/'?tn 3 /-i tt't tt i: Lv n


(
r-.- d,.F c -' r J { s-",!,1 : t,* i ct 6 4 L x 6' v'J l J z
t

ct

192t

Lbr-tl

oe6r L

g)v7'.t ttt ti,i,J,0l

ttl

ti x

!? {

(t

: !1- 4v (,
o!
2
t1ft
4
S
z-6i
2l.$
$
-.
6,Ce.,
,,t,fd *' Jt lA,^ttln L J,'t LV'a * si i'ft -''lt' 6'
{,,r )" l,-}v z-vn Jt q, l't L)v i'.{L /'6 i ttt' 6'o
( 6't 4
a'r't
o,'7
(
iv
L
6a"
;v
tslv
7
1t
4a -,,7
|

'

r,u.-'.,dl:-'"t

L4tt {-/)r'16"/

ttt

't!

'A

l6'C

-*-uxvo)v

-2"1lloPctlEo!'4 tf7u"' /tt


)v /,.12- z '; - t', '-t 'J,9, tt;t 4.taz-)tL 2l Lti-1"')'
,,,.- a { i- n i Y,J,J,r>,!o { llau{ t ct'a vrJ i a' }L e' @ &

tt'!.-

,',"4
,

'P -

? r,t.^" v dv.t {) {4i -*/gtt


v

q iV,o,$ (i trt

tr t

"t

7.

- a'! L n : et\ fi '! st I

i4 " rtf 4, e r-l'J

a rt'Jt+,J,, t

e4V

t'

ot't"'t 4t ? Z' 6tl

-/6'c' xt, !?

ut6lt

!v!'t

., t.{

le3i

JW

i4,tl-

L' tL a,6.Ll Lb J a - |ti 6u"

+,t,l' /r2 E4' 2 -E,fLa'v L 2',f I


,aLL 7)1u !7r{{ct'/ fi,,)fu.t 2Y'o,?v! !r4 Jv z-t'"'t
t!; e
i, t i,t,! tt' L'V,J,oJr-r.rfti - q :- x {st G etd
tt ;i1,Jtc

z- x

4'
y,J'
: u f JIoz,t o i,v G t, lL,! f"/7 & o
- *''J'- i v
Ai,,!7 t i 7 t p l',,, u 6-, t "f ,! er' l'! ) d-2 ""1 +' /
n P|t -n d"'G
cr J/ Jr v t.iLV ot J 4 4 utTiq
='/
;1
Jz,rd.t 4 tbLl4 ls,;i,Jaq') i' i' sv'4-c{t,g/'

-,h J.v'L c)t-iV d,/y'|11tt8,L {fint7

'j"

7 4'

11

cV

o{4.r

s9,4 it-o--,tt, z-v

{, iP'u'!-'*,f {ri A''t


e_,44,./L,)A(

i? Lr Lr* L,h:6',,;',foi,Jo*'i*ftr c't


L fr ,
& Jr t 6',, ;'!+,J,,r-+,L,/tI LV LttJ"
-,
-a,.t ..t v,,t LrtufiJ,c.y#{z-y6,f,rE V{

-/6

t{.fr6tie dd u-t UJ'o


1vi t, ;-tr)e46 ;t L (,Jlz-v n t?.4"' ; 2,",J'e4lJ!1
-$n,L,L (th',,-f,! Jt"6

{e4t

/| J r :-,1 1, :.,' b.f{ ! " -(,f '{ I ;, J I'a J' *' :,t'
( 6,e,,1
,! 6 /.,4 - z-', n t'z tzt"ti'4rLv"{j
'tt
t

'{'

tt

^'J'ti

)1.-, U t/ vti " /c- e'

/'

iJ,V4t

&

i/'V { 6,e i'i


/4i,J,e4

tJ,v

/,In,t),-t P,-l L

&V

^i

L t)\- r

-.{ftt

rv

-7'J"?-

tt)

6 tv

;t

Lv L

-p"o
i/ \ 1-V {' /'t'J't "(
-r
"{t9,.f'

J,c

i1

4,t Ttl6tbunta'e/ty'

a -,

J,

i4

"'

"'

&t

L sx { e.'tt '.)'t7 {"'.r

e,-t-7..,

J'C r

q rul'

-,.J Ltlr'J rtt'vJt>i

,v6,o,fJr! or!+, +62


,'t'

l,t'/

I i',

61"1

L'' i t"'t- :''' J

tr//Jt

e.6ti $t

t: )t

7c

t,

-q3:'"tGj
i1!'a

-iJ;",""f i"+'i!L:J ": 14J=>

J/t ''t,fl 't 't -1f,'g,-t;,5 u-,te L -/Oid+V,,,','P;.1; -tJofl" *


ee'"

',1"

ttirl

it)6rt,;t"

ctl,

aO!l-c't

-f{,i z n -.v 4,$,,/oV ( rJ,; ;,! u -@ O t t " "t d' Jt''!q


,,

6,,' +v,.f ,F,!,,,/,

-/ { 4.- J @'[,'! -gi',11; ;,J r" ;r

1e5!

t" Jv'l
-)vJ7{a-,u(,1,
Ltq /it"6^$L
t 4 i i,,t.,t ;i, e.r'2.; "JL / ao tl.-'U
v JTJtz & -l-'u -1rt/
st a, * tl,ls,l,, 6,-{q /- }
12.--r"*6

ct}e

t/t

'4

Lq,{,-; v l/?. z-ct,,-*i tt',ql q +'V z /J i /-t'

(J{? l T'',.-J f ,}v t't" J+'.' r-i


L a ?w 'ttt(p *;'t4't; / q 7'9 i-" p/"t)'c'J"V
tt),,t,Jtbt L':',!t

,!,7.- ra,, -t-4,r{, * i v

- /,

;f .- 6' 4 I i 4"} P J = /
)

)t,; 6,O t)l' -6,'./'t ilL ( i)


,d,tLL ot', f- cn rty'lctt L'. L/{\"?tt'\!'$ 4t'ltL

,)t ctx cit

ti t *,.1

6ii/

t'r

,'t;ttt t)'')t )', t)tl.t e.tt't7{!)t

e.t? y''

"' G"tl'v++

. i t,! L t'f' / r o, c o ;'t r/' ) -'.' ;,1 i L d a u t ;4'5' x''t l' i


,t,j g,,V rl,21,i { iJ}' i -, } -7't } e'J7"'/7'! 7G
//:E ''t '*'; ct )s/
J ",J,e^,h;6,,, i,4t'Pt"B t, d''-i"
y

't

-CJ,,,*t,'tt/Jz 'u

1e6t

4,

ri!,/w,t'f, c

+,7

+, L
i

6 r,t <-,.(t)t;
-

a i,

-' h,t,/ /'' tit't


t)

-'t"t'r t
t

"r 7

-')

i / qt t- / "

t 6 PL't t "
lo h
r'!
1t
7
"
"
"!'f'!''t
tJ

lo,,r,,t o,st.olt,!,-tt'f1

-el{{L,

oi iv+ L

:u,t'S l'! I'eo l'

O, d+,-l

6,,t u,7 t, J,, Pba'

z L- z

L dr

i1

b't e4

i' (

,JP,!u"fu'$,J'o r't'
-,7r{uz,t1!',f.-6'v

ilJ?st
tt't6"
-t'i!"t'r
utt',1'{
'j
l'
6Z'$v
cl'r+
F
-'o'
i
6'ts
)4,t' 6YQt ?' V

,tJl,
i-

"'

-"

?E,l,.f b,, z ?,y'$

tt

lr{'7'>' I

q-J

-l

't"-V,!-'t"-filt'rlI "
i a 6'e!
lt
t','t:'f*
4
6,
"
*, -,,' 4'L'e4'/,
t

i,,.f

v,rF',, Gi {-

+,,J

i
"t 1-

/ b''1 i

( L /Jzb

L'l

ilvLiai -r
ivL

oi, t,:y:e-

{|

lh c.'|!'/4} ? dtzt 4u 'o"

:'ac.Lful'
!adJPL,!'c,a*' -n
-"?(fiiVe)is6'e"

-" z-

)p2

i ) ?,'

1v

4 6f-'5 -' v

,JtL'!'Uz
t? i v 6'C 1'' t "

-a

/7uI,12L6'vrln-r.-t -'
.:.,1,'t'/-,, { tl a (C 1",,1t
-"

Ac v,rf,f f-

4 -t)'P iiv *'J'0"

) v-'e,'t' I't' \) t,t tp, Ait t L

'JeL!
,!,t,e

rt

/t lyJ ;,

"

u"7'-

7 I i6 i' t\;'t' t'r'( 6'c''F


r

-z

i"

:) { I vr!,t t,fL 6'a,f ot -'1,),r,:l,f4t L'rft i6 t'V


,'t LV6,1'e)vt{ L/t4live -ttri,'t LI/{")' "''
1

-tt

(o?.t/'/, tu,

6'e"

'!.: J v 't Pi, 'r=+

f1 io /n1u {'

';

f-

ct

is)tt-" -t
A'C

l98i

L,

z-,Jt

r)

;',e41',/"tz-v'l )ry

qt(/L6t )'J'AJil

,,!,vL.-7n{tg}',(6a r)Oe.,/"/e,,f L

L6,0 /,'t.-

7rn )'

u, z-

-/.4

/,

L'f L'}7f '!;;a

i' EI 4 tt c- BL e ]ttt e;i L n 6 t


, 7 t t{a a v {t7l, 4 fi f l-t z:
;

4 s 6,/. + t- (,

'4

Jt r,!; 4 v'l,.g !'J- y'.1'

):,f','

j-42 !+ t +/'l

et?,1/,0J,4

L't4"

l, 4 z-

1',f 'J' e

t,V't'J't

Fi

/) i {i',t t'''h't

-L,J:'or ","^7"'
(rt',

+g /J
N

i-'!l

t,Q?,J t.-

,vt

"'

)/

=e

-/''fL

r- 4t, 4l dj ) J'tt

/,tr-,.i,G'! i?t+,,',1? t)ta'4.:-t 1t'9 [,./'1- ',"'2'


L<ot-t
d') l,,tt 2-',,"'f' 6 - i'{ d ir o't v i u'
t

-/,,

"

-.-

z-r t,t i t t' o9'

$t 1,{ rt|
d, i

',tr;

"t',"

r'' ; P'''t?

t2t

"

6,'

t tf

(o' t"t'/

f,)tt' c t' t'

((tt

"

)t) 6 )O

-.-rn J6|(4,IC"',1jL -'I)'t)/c-ttt'))l

t-!t,,r2 -

tv 6'Jlt-itto1-+,fN'irt "t zL

(r9)

L.rv

4;{ 1 -N oaL rtat }e {,rt qt (v, 2- gt a u f, t'

+,5,!/4,.tt, "!' t, " :t',t7

cn

w,f4 cla r)./'t u UP' J t

-t't')tfiJ,tu.-6fJ\-

'qJ ,fxa'c '-l'Jrrfit o* rt


*:e +t5&r4"-4-*{'.F 4yr,.ia $J.ar C'e.|"
!.',rtr L t.t t/4 a

iQ

L ar"r7 &'

&/

100)

1.

Refgrnca3

Alex Thio; (1996)' Pg 453, "socioly an Introduction"'


Harper & Row Publish , New York.

2.

Robd Winch, ('1957), 492. "MariagE end the Family"'


Alfrad Knojj , New York

3.

William M. Kephart; (1961), 88-244,

t|e Family societv

and the Individual, University of Rsmmyrical Houghton

Mipplin co Boslon.

4.

Burgess: (1960),509, The Family Burgess, Earnest.


and Lockes. Han/ey J. American Book Co' Nw York,
1960.

{101t

-rv
i{1' /i*-'-.. s E6,-'v z- (',J,F e' J
j,(ct-O'(tAr zV''e/ ttF
61r,,,/,:)ttv, / kr 1
1

\..

'ttu;t; )v
i,.,2 JtJ
/,'il trrr"

-,nn-t:t',t'.a/tJi.(J-:.)itt?J'

-L

t?l

,4tl :.,,r., gty-l*.,


-;' a L 6,c.t

1.-

r|,c

953 " e'P t tr 1 te t"'

Jv fir'L

ttz l" 7

-h a

tfr I

11;t'/,'-Q34tr'*se
,"1s81Jtt-' ",;tt-7',t(tt t(

ot

"Cvi:'uY

af

gdg'p1t7t6'ue'q8:17

t'.'z \t t, &

v$ 2

-tf

Aq'/
e,ti4t //, 1 ss1 "' )$ r7,'t (rtfi t,t 64 ", OO i Jb 1

_tr

,1,'/.

-,t r' )/.,-( Jkn

J r,'ts53:',.'v

1s7 6"

/1 tvr"

qt/)'tea,4: tt""

-6)l'r,gdt"strlt6,s
li'-t 'to
1953

",eli't (tvt" 'c[)rJt.at

-t'1

{102)
i-4t

l!,

;,. * J tt,,J*. J 7',zso

rcst " ot2 "7

vr'.!'a
-,l,t/

ac,Jr Ju,sttt .l"s

(J-tQQ(r)11+'ai/t

,i-ut*

_n

.t

_,\ (,
-

6 " U 6t'

.(t6 Jv

At ).,'b,

iF

nee

eLr -i

1t/

)'"

"'

3"s t Y'l'

/,

e.virt".7ryf '/" _fl

-,J6o{0v,rtA&.i:c,

_ff

qhl' r4",+ )+,


fr,/, b &, l,'! f

-fr

zg-,"

rcea.S- a, [,

u-

-rcsaIqn,,7E{'y&'t'a"
.,' :c,,,'./ & t,,",!; ; J v'rli t o,-' : tt !E" ul +" r
-vv t

-,n,'J,,34l rt--"J',; V". t'.,, -u

{1031

('wl

,fov
(Research MethodologY)
(Mettrodotogy)

d,1t :r t

/v a tt,,V d,f ,

ulO
",1",

g,j d2-,t t,- r n ;; ) J t;, ;f


.-,J

tt it

J-Pf

ryt {

U'V

4 f ,! d

f,- 1 t x tls v (9 J,; f'

).Y4..i, fq','t7r,,1,'r { f! -, :-.rja


-- Ulf:,'t t "t'.t:- )4ri/-,ts'L1*2.-'
.- rt,4

L/'/('/tclc '4 J"l,'r/.- '(4/"


-" {. r' 6 t- - P' 14,ro /. J r 6 I
"t'
v.

z-u,*&/ .,

o z-.-,,,

p-,$",,, Y,-r tr +, @ )

(Jt,,r,;;{ctt c iv+
-

qt

f" 6.v!Jt

iv,!f/{ ilil'! i o t'zt' ir'!


+, t{,t i",J't-'i i' }' a- 6,!

i
"

{1041
-n

lv\,/

L /'iz6c.-,-/'+vn o, /

(Explanaiory

and

6t,t tf

e),'

{ it,f d

thct
'( '4)

t|,/ ct /)

-?Exploratory)

(Type

of

Study

) oti6'tb,.,

* { f,. 4t,1,s,'1,' 7'{ f,{ i- / "Fa z'f d

L',)pt t= )& tL fJ -Utl--tt?D@)q U--'trl


L

.4)t,h,-tLvrt./)-,f alai"t,ra)&,r,'Co-)P,/-,A
-ad

(Exploratory Method)

.=:,.'

Jvz,:-:,!

& znao

/f4

tfa

f.tt,tti.t

lr- r! {. x

t",f t"',iP'r

'Q),3F
'-l+c* 'ta

A.,t'"v -iv'(a }

_l

/","
dt

v,,! -t, i,'r + Eb t/.ta, $ c/' z-t'lur v e )


-.
"
""'

{105t

ie,y1 o U ?',y'rt ", L f ,.t,ft ;'r : " " Ll b" V [ |


,ht)i6-rt'-!"r'=-.f jt-7J0'/'{a'/"'ts/ltie.tF

,..

tt,-

(Expfanatory

Q-, n

z-*

Menoal;lldl

{ (.- tJ4.*J t/ul,'F{ -u'f A t'


-rt z.f.'w.-

(Experimental Method)

L,h

-'

&,a

z'rfq'

J?

,ralaai -

1, ; L ot4v"r ot /L 6t,1,sr

JuJtv iltp-l-ct,t,(,e./" -q Lb zLilf6'- -r i


r;a- /
- 7'y' it P f-'' v u - z-t4r ;(l
"
(Research F ramework)
dA

",',+'J

-q

r( " -V t I , i' t' z--v,rl dr,r,',f.rf

lP oputarton),J,ti-t-

f,,l, ,.,
uV

l-,f' ''ttJE

-6,'

& L@,.f'

(100t

sJi4e.v.
t

i b !(u

niv

e$qeY *-

{3. t r'4.-.t

voung

6'ri y,tt- lt' 4' t'

'-"-r(f
-,Ei,u/,'i"Jf'a'

f,i'.'t
if 'it''tt)

_l

,f

Fl".-e
-tv6o--,F,f't"",1-

frlbttt
)

6t

t u,',/
f'
6l
"ic"ivb?PfuidltP-LU6

q,a',/- -",je v,t

!f,tt,,J'rvJF
r,rilc -- ct1 + cl,-(,!, n \t',t +t./*a, + { 4t7 r,l,F

,'t
,t

-'t / th

-r

f,J: Jr-7,Jn,-fv

orr 6z {-V(

4't d&. Lt t iL' t't'/ 4t {ff v7fi I yr,f v

{107t

(sampf ing)

,f .,,,1,"a2 lt dl' -

iv,l

f'

6*:l

r .r'

/cf '! Y d*

{ ct },, z- t t' tt 6' r./, +et' ir ; ) {,i 7 i1i efue. t'7'! t'r;a 6t
tl, btt-t /2. t C L,r,i t, -*. r| 7 * {t .- +' ,! d

-q{
.- 6 *

I i!-,t t,r,/

J/tpniversel f'
-

"-

lsarr,ptin

"6t

:.* $'t, ft (
iU

' \t/v { -tt ^J 'l

Jrtcoode and Hatt


| -'

2 6 ) tJ(

f,f

nd t I +,t/,!su rl,f2.2,'61/,'t'y vcr"


"

"

-"

"

/,!s v,!'.fz'l

v tt *. t

t!6

''!i

"

"

I n'z r e y 11 a * $ g

/' a-

{108i

(uNlvEsE)
Lv

dt

iit -<-

&t,/t'r

!,.'-I(Purposive
4Ncos\z-,t,t

6,r,i r,luntuerselJ,(

{lv

san1plinglt|16t;r'6'&"

iL,4

6v P

a,4!v-}-- /'at"i

-tft-t,{,,/.t,

eti( '

s}.4:

j2I ( f$'u
tt* i';rL ( &

q'f v''xr:t ot)- rt''!'? !/ti (

--ut(.- ', itt-t'/,,?.-uhr,"',4 t'- 4''l


gt,

t:."fu-i

-cul,!rt({,i,1J),'r,z
{"t6{- a,'rt2- lrc'\fv"t,rt!o/l "ey'or q r}n, )'-Js,'t:
,lL I c, t,! t n' V,, - g t J * -.-' ) J E,, t J{:" v.f e',
"
c.tt-,J,u.-'l Ltgt (;2 lr,f"1u ? !.6.vq d.! {'
<tuftJa'-?tr- jit/-,tr*t-.4J'e.-pJ/4tJgrv(
,r

'1,!

't

ert

z-

'

lt

Jv.- "+.- ;- /tJ'c -- ) c la JF


4J'i- r) iQ ; *'!l',t t!'t'- : 6/.J*'!u 4 "r, ;

6/,Y1" ot; 6,i.-

f-v,,

,,rz)Lf6v r.t
-

1-

ejt 6't &)' Z-, vt' (4 )L


"

Av

iioe)

(Universe)

,:,ti46'ttI

_l

tJr:i
d-

iLt rit)l'JGuNev),iV q
,4L./
':t(*,-tt!r
iP- q f t St,' {6 * : l-E tr!r.:,d',((Respondents)

6t )A)Pt

(Prcbabillv sampling)

1.

eq,fd,/',!,,r'

6t.:',Adu'v

6*;/

Simpl Random Sampling a.

1iE

Stralified Sampling b.

6..:lf

Systematic Sampling c.

LJ..:lo',r'.',tt/

Multi stage Cluster Sampling d.

-o*,6 iv t-Pi
6t;SlF*

Probability Proportionate lo

size

Sampling
ivatoestsnl,)*t .ad! J'

Non Probabaillty

2.

tr10)

6*4y'tJV

Convenience

Sampling

1.

6*t;AJ''P"

Purposive

Sampling

2.

Quota

Sampling

3.

6t:A!2!

,1.a"'7

6,t.'A)t;-'

(Purposive cl" 6-

Snow ball Sampling 4.

:,'t|,,p" jr z-l t frt,t',J l-v

nS'

rf|-, L -'u!a! I 4t:l,J'&rl' )l-L a -a-sanptins)


,1,a,!,,/,,' <- i, - / o { - s,t v"(,! { tL J "{J a J2
"i
4t)'/,/:.viJ] ttl et z-/'it'' rJt:\t.-t Jt 'il' J'd 'y''
c

zt/- Lc.r qg \'/E/ ,6


6,v1/ t Lo'i1 Lt./1 -uv -^;fi1r :r!'.{,fr'-f t''n
u * L,t' - n'!
6,0 - p t,t i z-, fur oq. + I y'J'yt d.' J lo t
z-,y L 6,C,trlr! e- ofl tf'=ae/'tt - u'1 4' 6 i|2-t' L'i
,,tLc,4 oy2-,irt

,4

ctt

-qLt/t/tttif"i '-9{-t"r
.-u,! 9 t l- g *4
(

s im

11

t,

j 7: t f- "/ { L'lt vg i

1t

lf

kt

le i) L -'v Lt-LVt''.,' ('{z-r)t 'e' {

{111t

(Snow-ball Sampling)!Fjl'r tjaanaon Sampling)

f A'u '4 i 'f "-"


J.vL .&z-r (tt +'iL irai,st 'f{ r/ptvlsanpting)
4 f4,o/a*,1l'-aLlL !/ltq tuft "t t)tu

(Purpos tve rj 'J- :t 6"p 4

?{ JPI

q/t,rPJ.vL

Method of Data Collection

r'z

r/'eP

G,

v{6,1+' j L (Questionnaie) '-v

''

"r:' tJt4z't'
"
AvI
f"*-",'t'4-E- '=t?.e"t,44
-

- f tr,l:,J f,

t't,j,E

-L

i) t

(Ouestionnaite) 2Vt/(b)

f tvrtz-Ex4ef rt,tr,L/,',ttt( fttv!)v id


|/dlii-Lt"'f /f-Jv7in-,'r,!t1"?'t"ttt?t'JL/6
f- f l -' ((,f - tln $, t,'t r!7-cx ae ur''r'a r f
,

Qr

12t

),tn;/e -Jieay LnLO)'t


,,,

J t J.u,L E,t,

-v'/ f

e.tJt"Ui erl

,! z

Lv{'V

tf'e

-tttr

f l? -,.t',-rb e"t :'t i/


-tarfv e.tFCr'

Jt

? d,! ( P Lt,'! c)$,' -t

t,r-

)L -vt
"'N

f"z r'lii

t'l'-'n. ) {4 } (
L'f!'l
/4t,
=t
it e At J?,l.:rni,terce)eti( ? E"tJb lLt' L'/1'Sr L/
7A tz-,

t,,t

/etfu )

?.,V:''

l)t'

6.'t'$q,*1v-1- *'v"v 6'vtv {at /- Jr7 "F1'7vl

-q Lvlg 'P"r*r2,:L -ctrr


t: 1&

(Pre-testing)

l+ r. tJ,,r 4 tr,4 - 4'f rfi i lz-rt r { f


t.s,!,1.- +,'f Aii {.arr6t,.17'7} u-rt z-V Jldt;r
;
(ta', t 4 {.- L'ryL- v t,' L ( .fr tl' L l t+- r
t

,9.,|t

,:)

Lr} )

_9,./,148.,17,> r
r)

-'

v z- 7

t.( L! t u ui=' z'f''! t -

u''l''' t' P'

{i113f

LP.v.

YoungJi.

f4, o*"'r7 Jt)i4t .t$.1tue-restingl Jt;i''h"


u,l-s,,.- ct*,,t + iU 6, tpr 6 &v.t,Jt' :i -vra 7'f4
-r

t"

r,,,d/,,'19 i- t',1,',-f4'

i'Yl''

.ft/

(Coding)
f, ryt sj-:L ;r t', J r,< 7
t

./-

z-v U d

v t"

V'/J

i,.t -

w f'

"t- "

L -tr t {

attY sheet)44 rliLft'.aLJt,tr

LV1,/

-z-tv!:LF

(Classification of Data)

,Vt,.L

tLl,re!6orP ,

(?rvt,< t& oP'i9hv& sl?rx'(a)'to

'{ L /" i tt't

c,:)'.!

L L'f ' - V- + L@"estionnai'e)


"

ptL 6'e.+,6- uv,t{F

4iJL:'rtt''?tLel

,:)r-ttl/-tl,g1,a,,v.- L 'tt- "t 'ri /':'tvz-

L/"r'

}'!e'

(Ta

ur

les )

,Jf.t/'!

{114'

J gt -'t "! -'y I' fii


S

tf-rtVe rs,>t.vfi-(+cUn

z-u J'

t'f'

Jtirroi

o v'r"t' L
i z-V

6t

'-" "rg/3!'
-,4 aV,' at

t+"Jii "
Jg" -+i)V,1,,;i& dt'/''tY'lc" teL'/"' "e'v'!'
6 J o v r'I "(
I
- a iu iya i' -*t *t^)tvl
"

4t,it r,,S,,ril.t;',J,./ +,sa )"' Jgyd

alt

"r'V-L!'QQ.i,.,
(Statistical Assessment of Analysis)
+ t/ {t tr,,t,4 Lt' Lt"l,Ji zv 4 , -v'7'}
d;'i
6 +, ; L r'i.,!,i q 2-" i lvatiabtes)

fd*

:'v'/ st iL
iU { J t ;i
- q L * ( ariabtes)e.t/L 4',J;'ftr "t+
.;,tf- t;i

-l

e)ttL -l

(115)

-?

EV

{ d"

lcoretation) 4, tf t,t1,t

et}-" O}t'

ctr

({t't ehw i;v


n 1t
L
{&q
'rv '/
t)t-?cV''*f.'.- '.'
L -a'r,,t J,z, - 7 rn rf'{',' * {* vL -'P'r ;i f, r of

7,

+"LJry i*,,1q

LV

';

),"t

a)

't

lFrcquency)

LuJ": "v'1e>vt'!='t' L J''


{oi t f -a zu 4'V J'+ "1/

ir,t t&ti(lx"1{.iL,rr-[t 7rl)v'''loP]


6

i,'i

-?{JPI

lrltJ(

(Chi-square)
(F o\

tri

a./t

g, q.ti -',t 7 :; ) 4 ( L /1 1'--v it h

,."

l{

-f/ 7t r/l'sv"L G el'ti r"'


i)
+lvr!Je ;i6 trtvpothesis) ev'/+"b?.A\t'v' 4
r'1
4 ) 1)',' t t i &' Jt'f
;Lv L''/t,e,,t *t 4.' v yl)*
"1
lt c/ - t,o z.L,tl ( ;tr o,',' l,t i p <' r t b " r! I { '
(,

G t r',t,r i,, /, av

t2

(- -.t I ,tt Ct' l-v'f J'+ J*(contingencv Tables )


,, r 6 L /- i c at r.- a- ) i.',,P d tl t rt't r' /< i,z I

-ln'lo

(116)

L t&t Jt tP
/1til, a Jg z- n {. l' /- v'r 4 Jv Z6'V'! - v' r

z-,t L 6t',t +
-

at

12

JV

dg,! ev'/,';

7r):'.'t'rtr's0tlnJ{

x,

=t1!s14'.
fe

tr
t

ei( t&t!(
Itf
sum of Numbe,

symbol of chi-squarc

Fo

ObseNed

Frequency tt'i "'t'49

Fe

Expected

F.equencY '6e r
tJsDT,Yt r.tr

(Degre of Freedom)

Df= (c-1) (R-1)

6t)it"'

=df

+ti6oi66/ ='t/c-a'664ttlt& )t/c=

c
R

{r17}

(Co-efficient of GontingencY)

r, ra t

et

i;ia

),/l

sn, 7
1

; 2
r

LV't

J;?,:' ?- L J

e:,c

t',1

4'O) r.tr

;- () it-' L i,t 4 6 d L L't x t


e-,, ;'7

t, u

lr

1t v {f }':."Q'

6'

Uet

J6

t/
V' :L cl/ t't "t'r ;i
r,' n

et

lt

e' D

-.-tb{JPtt",t;

(Co-elticientl4'C;
:c,ni-square)">2 tt'/tP {1t

(Total number ot

rrequency

f B(

l'riJ{":y'

(118)

(/wl
Refercncer

1.

P.V Yoong; 1952, "scbohc Roreatc't atd sdentific


Survey', Englroodi CllfiB Prntica Hall

2.

R66earch"'
Good, W. J & Hett; 1952 "Mehod in Social
New

Yo*; llecg.sv Hill Book Co'npany k|c'

ii11e)

('wY,

(Analysis
,,t,t

Data)

n'

"/Llrtttt

v,l "tv Ft
(i't "t't
41vL,,",ttt',L J,C.-i c.- ut,-t L lr

-;vz --,t )

't -'/

of

)\ tL,,

/,,!.- -)

e.i-,;,fv q ({6'!vl" Ff' "'i


-E-t { { /-t F, },f t'.-ot!vq Lu.,J',q,'v ( {

L,/1|-.,4(ui,'t

ctt

t,

r),t,t,,1

Jt

u* -Pt,t lt pLf

"J{l

4 J2-,:'Jt

-Vr

r1'

z-V

r iv rt L 1

tvf" - z-"'/ 6'rna <-'4 L'+{ec

+'2."(Ltt-ts,' "od tf lrtt"',tr 6 ivi l-t


-{ Q /l iy,e OtL'r P ;'!.i it l/c)/ I 4 { | e'Pt + "
Jt*., - 6 tt t,t E- r,,' vr { P'.t,)' o,' v lo g 1 0 l'!'t
L or 4-;r

{ Q :i tJL'e tu o' lL lg

Gnt squarel& )' a

6:vJ:+0!.'P
-tr,Fi,i-rt J-,f t t' -

;t;t ;:t Lb t*t"

Li a-v,! v- it)vi (ii

J?c*. ( (Jry

+ r{,! e'i

f- JL J r

"'f'

'

o v"

<120'

-+

+ r
t

6t

fu L (1s$l t lev i
|

J t+

r)!'Q

l' / 4 It ) &1,'f' + ; r/.t { t e" i ""

ttke.,L

t'

-"'tWtrl.hdf{etPJt
uz*

g)

u-r.46 *

{ft./,*,4.

q { o tP!?

u 7 A 9, Plu'- 7

vg

J'.. 6 t' ol e

t{tE t v

-'

-z /et'

Lp {o P ( I
-+cv

(121)

' 2-,t&,r1!c)*4tytt

t'/')'+
e.z!{V(

20o/o

26

10%

13

'ab'zo'ur

200h

26

-F1t

19.230k

25

&,itu:/t

13.U%

18

Jw"

16.92Vo
99.99oi6

72,11,r1r,

),.t

y',,!.-,h

oi7{v;i -'8rLoh

)ta tl :.t*

4v{ tr eh :9 oi Ct f; 7'J " tt 6 z-" "'


1 !'t tqtqt, /-,|,h :tct'.tq {, t-t,t'!t)siglqt4t'til
fA,ar,/Jor,,th(gct,'J ctfu,-rtL i{ //)ttctJt"ll
L n 1F!7W,) a zL''t /,t* ett ( z-*'l'f't ;t ;t t t':"' /

2,,,

v\fL -t /L,/1,

r,:)v. L 6,o

-;

L r,!'t ) J v L
t

l'.//

tr22)

,r,i ,! e:IV( ctfu, .rs

{ -t-t 1;t,,r 7,,d'totl

!a tu /'c-

Jt+ ll

:.'*

fi ,t; {',4O/ lt'v tE 1 "izo'}za

,'i,! &, it 6,,/f "ttu,.'t 7/-zo clza 't'i


b o*1' '| t l- )''i'19 23
g/6t 7 ts.a+ f- ta
'4
";,! "t'/
&zs

?' )

+ ""- $.sz L/ zz " i 6'tt

6? c) &4'

-t t

{123)

',

rltn :t td,ttfioia

vtz"

rlfuttr
:*6rr;r
74
56

,r3.07

&tt,6,! r)h, -tz,i $'t.l7Q


-

-'4

cl.ot &

ctt,,t'I,i

6'O

,,26,V/

-, e- ')'a tl o1t'

sa,'i,! o*a' rtt "t6'9/'Q?ai56

J t lG

.r26,o6E)r,tq "'' 6'of

92

r'.&'b 4 La 1 J'1 Jl
/.'r- J9{,1'-'l L [; : 6r " ;r

vV

-?2.-t,t/'J-,tL

ltt

4124'

ttA,rt'( {g(*

" z-t.,&c,lL6:g'&

:=tt:

r.rfJt+
6ttv.z.-t,

ira

u(

60

78

6),l4ttt)

21.53

28

(r(Ut,-t

18.46

24

99.99

130

JVibQnts+tf \u - '*'L

/(F&(6'OJ':z

/itl{ + - s' J t,,' 7,1 ;'t'{'!n 6'a!? ( ti


{ 6; : 6,e !+ z,.r -,\ L'J,c/b ( lft,! t'l * " q {

,)

c.-t

yq

2-

f-- r ;, l) v,1 r y'. 5a u) olJ J7 N{ftr J{z- 0 r


{ut-,e.LA,eJtin }vi,.t L/1P, u!-' Jta stz-{u
t

?{P

6,O,J d'

t)

"'

;6'!' z-''

6,C!7-t'rf c) .'-tt"-'a-r' AieJ'+ t\z'r'


!<-'-lrf ct(x,=c,,*+ ,,d-aod'ta '6'!l? 6)t)'1{} )
&

ft
ct(*,=tt,,',t,"!zt.sl,jze "i
ft .qa d-zt..ir,ti { sz-,tv : f=v' Qt''i,'t z''
-6

z-v:t
r

^"i

g!)t- i'&

(J

{i25)

"

*'

.J2 L3?

6'0

r*''rt1

ct

(m

-r t'

t.t/J',,t

81.53

106

18.46

24

{ vu J, z,'1 L /r !'t-'' 4

+
,1,{-

,rf6

.iz

I r- $v $

LJ'o'-

Jlo !7 JV zL'tfirv"li
Av
s',rl7'lr
{.v
r -.
)ttlt
t)*E
"'
"t
;{Jd.,-r't -,t,,t'.-,tllf'
t-t

n ir/"i - )\ L ui t'5
g
lt
l"'
L
v
;
/""
I v'o,!'/rt fl*';
4J t
tJ
Lt't'
4'
e'
r'
-t
E
$'(;
t' 1i
-.,Jur t S' l',' 7 4
/
z !'' ut'l Wt it J J
L
x'V
t
L
- 7'7
"l't'

t)'>'"
d/z-J"t
afi.'=t}
;t!1-{$
'tc-'h!7Er .' ..
._;, jy{,J,iatu6'',rae
535d(n,-c" 4? '/-81
"

--4ft

a6$zt

'ti't)'6''dt-

6v{J'Yz

(126)

" q,rY:t/

cfi:tvrQ!,OJ t t*"t'/I 6o*t' Yt?"'

t.o/Jt+
sv't(6:Oe-.zc
35.38

46

15.38

20

49.23

64

ctv.' r A,c

-i

v-f+

'J-

i"

{'!',i76 L'ft}' e't' a c- J' + 0t' at

.-fu iJ(.lJ V ecv'Lg itttt'7te're-

r'

)v'Jt7"l''t''/
-7fib!6"n;t'="t

*,,r,.t,tf
i

ot,c,J ctt,t ) \ n oJ) 1Jv25V

;.a,) vot'/z

i'-

6,-{q' /} c''to'c"'z'a'Q

oi

;l-

/*''

112?)

\t,O,tr, L,,,-l'

J' L o tl, 6 c{ 6/,

\,)V.

; v ; v L ":''t

7(/

,$.- 1 o r,t,9',,L )Loi0!1'(i'.t 4 6'/ | 6'/*''r'a vt


L'J'a"t +
ai
\t { +V,iv uu,/+ /E "l'q't4tt
"J''l
Lv tt,!.t u{l 0,2'\tU6'u'/ z-v. it'ir L't i ;

"

,tfl,J

-,1 fu ; L

,r,j
t

:)

.-

i",J r' }'t'- ) v I /'t

6rt,,rLty', ctv''Li r,t'J',!ati


g

h,,ttc-..ti ts se rl'zo't/

>.e'

6'ti'r*

&"'

+ tl :t*

+'A35

3s

#46

<ot
)v't
23&aq'ti
J,,tt/|-.-",i-4s
'!t)v''LO'o'er4:lJ+*-'
6tY-icct
c)tt''(
Jtt)t,
cll,f
-7,:!:L

(a,
. /

6r2e i h't ot rth,t'I {

,aE)ga

-tt"

" a6oEL

r:/,,)','c
6'A"-,?t&o"r

a6cts'L
i|1.53

51

52.30

6E

,.1o6'!r:,tyi!r

8.15

06

J/(eAl

(t r. e.-,v tL i-.ftl"- 4 6 6,v1';

tI

u' /J' *lt 4'/'

-?
Jt tt,.vtL 6,9.-; r,t

-,4.sz.so,ti6

o'/?

V,

''J'+ at'
ttl

Au at'G6-b
-q "4e ts'ri'!')cL /t"'t

,-V';t!$: ,?i!th+

{r2e)

1,e hi U | 1 b V.,D '/..t) sl Sra tI

t' "

'+{ctV,e6:O
r,.zf,)ta
-sc'-to{l
st7.q|'O
68.46

89

$:)eztz

20.76

27

,)/{!!t

10.76

14

,>

{i-/ri- a,! se"L6lt.-it&

o{1

(>')t

J':ttzt'

u',ll-| j1,, -nrt,V,,tt2,'6 ttolJi,1ct I ) vLt2i ?{fu


q d A -, t X -V I ) +uF 1t9','ttu t'/ [o/l=' 6l

'/ "

z-, t L

L.r6,ttl,,t't

Jr'$ilt

'-t

& gt

If

"

1v

Q a,h :or c) 6 o lr

u0,t,,,Lot!tx d"f.-st',1-'4 ti,-&

{1301

1t{J*
G,,

et' e- ct {J
4 rL ct{ )-4 o,! f $ r1t "r'-' 4;
L L6,0.- tth
{,,t t v t{.- +t " -t'- + tF

;r ;r

rlir,

"2

6-,vt et)t,L 0 | id(t 3' e'{ tt)4 t


z +' /
L el t,! 1 (. o i e )'$" u,' l"! /'.ti' f
"-(,! "
,!,,s,;-t- ic.- +, \t t-,rtv t i!',! I r"i'f ,a {' { - @,Jt
-7,fil;6 4+t""t+

,1,g,!,1 qt

1,

$ es'ti '! .-7 #-.:9' *.v!+tLQJ'+tI..'t'


,izo n d i $ t'.t 6'tt.- 1"! ? ( e &t t ),i68.46
zz,t

7,..i r o.ta rf u

Lt

L'l-i

r o'o.-

+-

+'!- a Jt,'r+

{131)

"

,P(''rli

,ul6c)(u:wtt"

ttJ.

r,.r,/lta

.wi,A;
96

73.84

JfuT,I6

16.92
9.23

* J' a tI'Je
t,, + {' V ( i, A } 4 fl d u lt 6 6 if ,-f
i'rt;4fZ-r1zJt"!7
d',,r {'Vr

,r1!.-,1r 1!c7{yu.'1 L /d""t:. ( i'


c,t

e-

/- {,2

L <-n !+ u{( ctt

-G<-,|ts.aqdsa,ti6+i'*;6 '.{a'..t a 4'Je ';


t Jt,,,,t+'4$.sz &

zz

"i'!

t";{'r?

c A,

-7i-s.za r/ tz.;,""i,!a,4

4 ilJ'L

{;gt

},'"t

ctr;

il;

1132)

4)

:/

! d" t.'6ct (*

=t.a"
" E)tt0t,t/\LJ'C

r,.qfJt+
Jt,t lr {1t12

t tj
63.84

83

36.1 5

47

99.99

130

^,

'7

r)l

+(V i;.-,*,L2-'i,J )/t/J,ti( .2prJry [,,p


e- ) v- + { e.t?y it,t!,0!7 LJ, r cf r /- {-t tt' J E-t
\J,o 6 {1 tu,,1,v.1,J'o o,t6{ r.- - d.64 L ;rry ;s'5t'x
t

t,!"1

tlptt,
ilc-Jry
r)gh)ytt"!?v't
'CJOI!<-I{Q.
. * +,ll.as.aqlat',j { dt ldt i \Ja,t lt /6a
v + fi c,J
^)' oU'
(J'rd Q e,.t 6'V!i-{b
,tt ?,Jt t)t i i- / | tfu
rtt
'tt
6

-7'4zassrl-at

'tiJ

{r33)

6,c{/,.{ td"t,I {g(*:=tz,'73'o7V(

rrflta
otv9/v

28

?inoV(
,!ar{

10.76

't4

,!,t.t,

67.6S

88

,-tf6/Ap"Svr6,S'e

09.98

'130

( /(d,l,et,, a',,t I lL'/,i " e!/L [t :


;/ t 6 d * {e? r'ot & i't rtr
,t i".,,qi,! n,V,,t,.t i x :cte- o

z *ru

r<-i,,

-v{J,C$fi+JLu''

c)fu

'

uL

/4 qq d'

t,.4 + cn f- I Qv

u'!'J'c {,

"

{13')
t!,lS [l+'-u tF

tfn *n ulau /Pa Jt+ tJl at'

dftl cJao, rt t., -e + Azt'.r, & zg't" { dr + J" wvAJ'o


la
Lot.f{+-ito.ta d tt ti 6rtt dJt wvlhg$7"y:
.
L'4!'c &'/ul:'"t')V
4 a E lc )ril-t" 4 { ! #e 4 6
,,,t6 rtt,.t ,f 6/xs"t Qvfit 6'c'/?d( cl E)on"'tt "
-7Aat.eef'ee

{1351

"

Sav'!6'O{o0g,D16e)#t'-tr"
r

t/)'a

l*'v'J'J'v'1't{)
Jvzo.-te
Jvzs.-zt

37

28.46
57.69
'1

Jv30a-26

18

3.84

a t lJ+'-

u,F s (n

vc' J7* >,'

tt'' t'

"t
,!,J,0
e-16lav
4a $zt'ti'!':)t7 i"'Jv2o
-F
Jv26.-21 ?,)-28

t *''v I { )'!
s'd'!
;st
&t
i 1 4c{t rl-r{a
z Lt J' t 6 {7 t Jt
d"
tt
u'
n
Sa,,t
6
I
I
z
{
z
.t,r"i/
ct

ag

i1

r.,

it

v ; vL
;
z/'t's'!
a'a
/J
t
tf
4/. o la,v,!l,'"; -u " +
L
t y''- -t ( -t
r
6'v'J
/,s,.t
i'q
/i"l'4
I
,/+iv.l,Q;
,t'v c o,,t J t,i.- a,t i! b 4 6'/ J'v ? [ iQ- 1'tt' =ln
t s Dt a I
1!7c{t'l''tt*
{
v
-t
i'e'{''t
J
i n Jvto -zal*'
o' 4'9
:,l*/ rc{'""
7
V

"A

"')'!

{136f

"

,r'1
tt(m :.t z'"
fu
{
/1
v.{
u
6
O,o
S*.

r,.r1J'a

l*v6a'c{t0
Jv30 --25

90

69.23

Jvts.-zr

25.38

Jv40

07

5.38

-36

tl >tt'
Jv
{ 6,c'1.)nJ?vft'is(*=tz'J7V'zv
$ so,,y: a' a"ti ( ot7 Jvso''zs l +'

- 7 "4as.zz
u{fu (k' -t
n
v'J+
I
F''t;,t
ilt
, l- Ltv)./,,,,' +
"t
q t fi r
q'q
)'f
t
I
2,,
tu,.t
cl C
"/Jl+''( i)J+
ss i6c)'+ixJvzs +st l-'vL! 'J'o'4
?'

r)

ct

-Q

jbz Lctbctt'";"zs
't

za

'l'
4o{)!+utt,iag* =
J'o
s.$,/-ot Jr{-- *',} 6,:)r7i* )vto'zaV''v'!
t

-z-A

4137'

"

r5 ,5's,!ia!u{Lt&,t'I {s(m:=tt"
r,.rr/')ta
/,!'J'ekil!t){)
15.38

20

Jv25e20

31.53

41

Jv30 c-26

53.07

69

dv35 e-31

L/rPf ,! 6'v\t,/t'-to{)L( {t;LJurtl:tr'


*'fJc' J i i
i
J 2, I l,'1'r, i.t t': L't ftr-d' r
S
^,5,o
j1si{
-t;t
4<-6"/d'vV(
,j!r',tL(i),1'1,rr
'tr

. !r$,-t JeLF
.fl Lu rf ct(n,'7ts".faw/" Jtt tl:'t'c't'4

,'ir s.za,lzo,ti'!c)t7 On 6,ottl Y&{)l'!')vzs'zo


2bi{
)vto'-za47
s(x,=rt
31.s1i-tt,tiJ
-4
o*n'''t u'' i n 6'o J/ 16 o { tl" J
Jvss-,31 1-qr6i
*.,,i'! a,+ in l,!,J,c

"

6;t.ri.-

='

{6'e'! o{ )SJ

-"'|st

ot

'Jes "r';

1138)

i crf 1,./rrJ."'( g(a ,at e"


" 7c:PgVlfiJ:ge
r,.u,fl,a

j!v7

45.38
39.23

51

4q"

15.38

20

*e-4t48

99.99

130

ic!1-"!

e(z'-"t "lz'fi
"e-Jet1+'*'
?''v' '
5s ) } ttt? '\ ) J( i! t'
38
tlq
,n-es
,'-(
l-t,{t
'
a
'

S,i--

Jt

Lh

{i!

o4 t/ "' a "iss zt '} 51't;6 ofua' \'tt'


_L lti 5 3a G2o't i\t ora'
1

{13et

Q\Dbtltdtul {o(ntrtt"
" o?P{6s
r,.ro/,)t+
.'V?66'.'J-Zi

'ti

>-,6lt

8.46

11

53.8i|

70

17.69

23

12.30

t6

t,,t&'

7.69

10

&)tsY8.t

99.98

130

ot./

!E+(tt,.-,Pt L L /(P-V'a 6 6x'JZr


r'.4! -e,L-9

J' +

ttt,'.'t'

{ ),lt r,z i ( tt'J,.f/'!u- L, :L J'4 J' t

i, -Vc&rWef

,!I LtuL,.tt
-

slt7d,,-Ft;'! -Vc,fA

L J5 a'1V-t " "t' a'!':t

tt

{ 140}

ut,',7

&

&

J:'-/f 'o,J o/t," +q'/ i ;or' :t ;11 tti

{ t itt't7 1v {j 7 a $ 7t z- "io," {o{l i.d' ri'l,J,,q ;,1t rl,' ff 6,9 Jt'J of' L 4 - o,9(6 4 4 = 1
,, :;t i Z; Loi r/z z-.1-2-'/{' ltt'tt "t -7'! J 1 "1 z+ "-r
Jl +y,/'J. t|f ltu,,!,t't" L xtt't { & L
,!o { 1.y ;.='
"tu
;
z-V L ot it; -/ 6,tt,-fL l,;,,' q z /::'/{' ld " "' J' * Jti
"t
0, ! t {-- +t t -t7'/ :4 t,P " q L /t 4' l-' r',f J'i'
L ),, ttu !-t,,t,)t, !,! Id'l,r' +9 .i Ln "{V 46i'
-n6o,*i",
-tt:,r
r

(.,.o||)|.-yt'.L -dtrq,O-JflIt

t,!'lqL flJ ir' ;'

,1't'{,1 a,l 2t {t 1,7 lr g "'Lor !+,!,71,! zu 1 L ( 1 Lt


P(
-A /u qt qrtJqgs'r)lr)L' -t

6rJ)!i4 0.vL'i ct(*'-n't!t'z1F z: 'Jv:tl:Lt'


c'Jt;i e'yr''!
r-a.cadtt,ti'lJtix6,,ltn4,J/lc Grl&
ot?e,?r'{6rJUc* -'e;&J':4'i4 t)fuo=tt'ivL;|
.-*,1i,z; or7 ,7f 61{u1)--l+^4$ 84d'7o't;{

,4fl .ae,lzz,6 { d(k''ttLb{''/!'.;'h q+'at't)


.-,4 tz.zo,J- rc,,irl rtt*, =ttl-t,4,J'.,)v/'9 )ydi!t+
cttir; |E
{
'J4Jv/t!1t)tt/'tfe-trLb
=,,t.i6o(a,
+,4t.astCfi{.-

(141)

'

e? 4tt ? QJp)J-)II td,t'I

{ s)ficl :, rz'

lt/l'a
-y,r'6ri').11
e,,;Uf

32.30

40

26.15

34

1.53

02

L J ry o-{!u

ft,ttY4l

{ L.ftPolr'& ?,J"2i )'a

ur''.'

t'

{t /.2t7,7!tn

/',-f .-,.r+,! i"l,! t /rP a} " L a + i

9)t,.(y';L

J,<

trtlvv,o Jv(,>yr'd{ LiQ

'J'i'

_7,"i*1F
J ry tJl :-ttt
rlz-rr
1*"e-c
{ c)t 17 t'1 ( e,;)J tf, '! ,l -.+e 6t '1 '-t vt c'VP 6 /}

J-vi JJs c,l6i st(*

1142>

&42l;
(^}tt:V?

,t/, ,te'4 J a vl (,1 gt(n ,'tz t -h a ,,i323o

(t rt r'/ =;

t:!)e- <,

t:fie *'tti

otn' =rt

l-r{ i,!tt i Jv 4rt

-B

Lb{ e,*

ot +'

a'4 nr}sz
't5 &34ll6
'l.za

ft)|rc&t

Nn

"E

^J,'{n}4v,,'7r/ oz.ir'ti
-a,At.ss

{ oh'

{143)

or ) tt- t L6'O

|.|''.

6i $4.DI J c)(''D'/tt"

" 6{.ilr:Y:1r/

/v/lta
-zL6'vIZt
5.3E

7
41

58.46

1t)

4.61

v;1

: L')' + rtl't r'


L
? o ",,i vt,.t 6, a,.f01&-{1 !'s f {'
t 14 7'*':l 1'-/et )ra a f''1r
;- /

/r'.,,t
IL
7l61d-,-t r t"r4 L 116 o* h' -'h

,t',$+,!,itl,!'',I

I t7e't

)tL

o,e,!i q J,L Ji zv-',

{,-'F

-,t'
"

(i,httrr,J +\rLo,,r,f A'/.t

z-n

E'1,' L

o''ctb e'r)t<- 'r L

g,,!,1r,)v','Jtlt-1fft c * Ul' t^ilrt in


ts

""-

L1?

)v

vc-J|

{t*,! l/r r,l z-'l''{'t' a


4 P ? {'rltadition .tt &( '-;vz-'a "t v{"[

r--t,)v i

,.t

z-ux,rf ,,,t z-v$t (7 i

'

rv6

O,

tv

\,n t /{ ) zt J+ vt8 {-'

-zL 6,c() clr"+,tLJ,a

4
L6,V,!,zt!?

{(J

z'-t
Jn

c)tu1'-tr

& a'J''l'

t'

J':tllq Lx 'e Qt6' f


)- 6 e'7'! t 4't i { o ;
t

"J'vL

Jt's t)L':'tp

Ln"V1 e''tP'/etitL't
&7
7^is.ta
4L{l-b
'L;tto'tL.t
i L 6'V'!i v'! A I't I
c)(A, -B Lt,{,,t L 4,'V e r) "/d
I

(ito

Itti,, -,t,'t,r',t<- )-st.ss d'4

d "y;'-('ti'!

,\; - a,ri t! s(*, -tt Lt { '4 L* -t)r -z L 'i'A


'' / |t'-'t!'sA 46&76
6t
OV*'=tt"Jtt't1w
J-lrJ'OJAV
'
J *':-'r
;d'''.N''t'r
".l
L6,e.-)r!t,, f|',uJ,.t i"'!-Vz *'",t 4z'i'n at 'l
!)''t
Jt,,!;,j tt4d ldt'r Lx'; (-,t"),1 sFoi"

6,,

i,! 1,,;r E x.t-' )'-

L,t

{145t

" ,>tr.$L tJt2(fvvd'ul

{g(n:=tt'

r,.trf,)'a
c.N@L6'e6;t
rtv

43.07
56.92

74

,Jtl

L't'' 6'o 6) v'') ":'tt't';'


1,h v t)IJ c)tiu! Ln -udz.-tJ'c{iv!+ri'l'! z-V6/
-Z a(x pv ti,Jv.,J *l+l'id{- "'ti&z-;v
C7,! ctut

/1 Floct'tt-u

ctd,Jv,j -)v.-,J'r; 6S rJ+ i/t$ /'! cth' =tz


0tz-N" \)
al.Ot rlse
zc:t ()(t ,,"t t
'u'''JO(n'=t'
'a"-h
t'{(
{ otz-t*,,!; od jl.- L/.-,2 c'J'ot.-6'tt \t} vJtt

a|:-*.t 7^4sa.sz'/'zt J.vL J'a''h t;


6 -;v-'h6i it'- ivutctz'o J.tb,L,JtJ,f-' c;r-/trr;/z-

-?J,I\.t

e.ib" .nr

z-Y'xgva

1146)

"

o!)ui{'|t .+6ro{i

vvr},fi

{ct(*:4e"

rtil'+
J\tEOtl'ar
J'y:t

50

38.46

t{'g','L"ti

42.30
1

1.53

15

tl'6t

.69

10

,J.{,Jv'

rl.,Ly,u.iQ, iv"')"
)
d
'!

L"

,,,y,U

ilrt

"

t x -6'g 6sv ) ta tt :1t'

a !'i-',r.et'! zu //,J- a',,'

i \')*n

'.t&

t,t

".t f'

(''u

{t/

r)t'Jtiqixc-i t4'a

v' a L n Jt'a ;t S "u -f{ t q') " *


j" d.,.f'o){ ot'u rt!-ct&L vf'olz r 1 L /L''/t'lq
A'e'! ) c A'U llJ
et S,- tt,;,*7 iV Jt,,y;,1,t0.- + J

jr)v

tl,,t

vr),'

a-

(r47)

+({ttl /zt' I p1(* atz


g;,!"1r 1A', A,u6 i+:ldrt tlLoi'-a6 6'e6ivtlv
46
\ie
L
c)tu1'
rE
?
q
/
J.v
a'o
"438
l.'J 1,,.- + '!
'!
t'.!?

/t

c)fui, 71r. 50

dv L z-t''

[,4 1 tt l?EV

tl6& r h^7'ls,.r rpi''t

tt'tt4?'44230 tj

s5

o1

:-

q' tri rleix tTtt

nr z-

Jx ak

Lb{

6J'U

&ts,t; cr(e'=t2Lt'{ 6'UiF iutI


*,'t)1 +, 6,V{ 6fu vlt o{ )'- +' 6i c

,J6,o+'4r'r.ss

f6e,J ('7

1 1)v* \xr,-liJ,ul',!,,i+
,1

;,! st,6 {,5'g ft/

Jt

An

e)

g'nlt,l 6'0'r'|f {6 l tt
(t rt t' J.v L /- J -t' z
"
)

-7it.asrlro

r1481

+tJ 4vetJ'O{ivYd't'1 6g(m:wte"


" g*6J:'ott
r,.r.f I'a
+ 6v-6'0,,!iv

'!10"r,
53.84
46.15

/L - J,4Jt?(
(

6,,1,L-6F&

6,0\,)l

\u

-;v.-

6..f.-{fi1

-',t?tL 6" n'+ 6vJ'1

t)\

?':'

L* ; r,.t ot'e(l+'! i7'! i-/rP

ct(a' ac

)1

n!7t* !'c1

tz

t)\

:.'r'

ff ,J.'t' z- 6v,J';v- L' / tea


',-r' { p1(* '.tt J * I
/,/
!&:s
.- i- u l v,.t-,J,e
'fu.
--."!rc t upJc.t, Jid,l',"'-J,.t- )v

.,ri-st.aq

&t

);

6d'.-

{14e)

Lt & lDV tg'.t'i J dg,4 t-tt*


|.1.'.

Jr t

"

t)n

1.,)

t! J ilb & u l,t2

"!:
r,.n/Jta

,,. u !

'c

{1"! l

L;'tj$

,.t

i,,

16.92

22

48.46

63

34.61

45

utt,o J o

.- oft :;,, t

fl L J,l & l,,VJ?'

ilt z-

lQ,'/+

r)V,0,)

t:tJV

tt*,J

l'.

utt"t

tuf^

"'t

4'

"

/
4 yo

{"

tt..,t 1-;tt.-itr,!ofl1vfi,'r z-",1J' 4 '-tt'/t -vrrut


(t'cttu:-tt 't!z-*fie )ta
lt' L'.'.t/"t)Jl6 !? uf
*{16.s2 i}zz,t'i r! ctr + i " ' 'y ?'} &i ut''t ot'O
t4<-v
s(h'=tt o )'t 1 "4ta rc d-as'ti'!,Lttiot d-Bqi J(*'
e){ itb,,t ston,Jl',V t)t)O?.a ?EnQt J-dl't al@'
-

-,t-

sc.at,l

qs,t

i,! r J n "! :
c)'

{ rt { t

,! rtu a Jr'

{ o *+ :'r t"

r}, r,i

" 7,t$,s16:g{cl{+4

r.rflta
,! 2 4$ s' ;';
21.53

2A

36.92

48

41.53

54

,tt',t

6+

4'! cua i(

+{ta -,P
,tue J(',! o' '>,(,,J-,tt'o'!
t

6o

{)

"4

tl

ir

'

?"'

o0{!<-{f!"'L(''!
t7 )w {'!z 4
Jt
*
t'/'{-'1'
Li,J
L/',,t
l'.t
-( {
)t' L'J'
t
&
6'J'r
r
i4''V'
ot!?
6
vLl,
6
1,i'!!ts
+t
,,1

L's
o'n,!u&/L,L,tt' r(' oi t'lc"'z'J'uh

(151)

tl'''*'
Lb+',.ttgt t)d*?'lzt.sl6ctt? ':"("'t 6tg {tl tttt|
+a
d *t' v t'
{
t*t
J
*'
d,4
tt
lL L i
"Caa'ez'i "')
t)v
6J'o & atuc Ja t 6 I
r0
6
\/
t
t'h
uE
6
r
c)(h' v' 1t ?0t

6t,!6 lttttli+rdref

t)(a'Ytt, tl'vL

J'q

-a

"l,tt.ss

ri st .L:e-

v ti 6

4152'

+ t C { r) 0 t &, i t!r) (* :'-' z "


E)

"

-, f/

aAJ'O t! cn t,l6,C.i I

r,.rr/1ry
,!o{hl-ottc
.:' *) r

s)

'\J

33.07

43

rl6

33.84

44

',fi

33.07

43

t t;,Jtt6 !+N/ (,:l

rlns,6 {
rJ,e

r,

r)t

fu ' - ?' t J? t'a d/c|

vn.: (',(',.t

LJ

'a '!

J' a

t)l 2''

't:

"

otr/6'0 '! ooty

,! |t{fA.- stie !

\rftA'!fu'-tt t"'i1,!,.,zA

-.(

L}{('l' s(a''/r"t?'ti33 o7
u cF-: ( -t('
lt-if, 6a gl'tt

"i'!ot
/v&6,a$ -t-d,J'v'! t){1nt'Jtt6!
.a33.07

&$'G

{1531

,r

irtlio4tt trfr :i tt "r,1 {c,t(* t*rz'


" ct 6 ( :g +,! 8,1 ) r/'agL
r

c)

tJ

r,.rr/l'a
0!t/-yL,tlt6;

iC

6,e.-ic,J
14.61

19

ol&

68.46

89

,./,3

16.92

22

99.99

130

L 'r;t 'll{!+6i2l,!L//r'o L({':LJ'* tt'z'r'


f L t"N'J t'l
t
7 n'- ) v 6'0{ J {
r)

,t

:i ttl

6.

8 v{ (

i'

c)fu : -tz

t'(

v 1P e Jtz

tJl

>''t'

jtftt. L't t Ai'+'! o t"t


vtJlvt! tt,J 'y'-tt (at d(atlt 't47 i14 61 'l1s
tr/g;!
4i-68.46 das,ri,,J gtx / c,J 11'rt'j''t
-tr,',,t.6 p{(i
tti 4:\tt)it/,t)iJ Tclyys('rta'-'(-''{f
'1tu'
i'/-\L )'

fi

,!

ctt

+ i,,,l,o

-i

&

t)

--"4$.sz,lzz ','i,!ttrn-ic'Jo

"

trsi

!)whsdur [s(n:7te"
"

*&J,c[ia!t:
r,.ro/lta
,J'J'eJi)AlvbP

=:()
46.1 5

60

30

39

23.84

L),/eiJ.u

f,,:!oi

q,

ilv t F{k-{1"{L//-7Jw tl:'*


it ot rt : 9i 4 lr t I 7 a Ni c,-t,J'A i,t { )
y

"t,

d er!. u tty'tttUti J1u

Jj lL.f,.f

jr:lJt ol /ctl ol t f'-

Jt L ctut f Jz,,.)!:t't )i L'! )


( c t f6 *'J - L'lur4
- q ! o.',,.,, z-i z v
-

', t;

v,t -'r,r
;

6t

(t5E)

illv

tFttl g I a dG slat qtt

iX,vL

Jta tl a't

i t {r:
J*' rr * Lh +' t
='

4 d.;ot L,lr 4+ Arc.'ts'uJ 6 ctt+.r fiJ'c'-

dftl st (a
e

vr t, t nr

+'i so ti se'G 6

a${stta6,ct

*(

c)

it'tlt'o{n tl}vtf&" dl+

-7dzt.uf-x(

(15)

L)

&) V (l o V t d, b{ c) (h'.", t"


t

"

t/rvt6:9{
r.rtflta
6'2.tvr"'tt

'/i

e.t9af

34 61

45

3l 53

41

ulv

33 84

130

99.9E

tvts"r,:{-r7{t! ti2/'! t /r}'- J ': tt 'tt'


!7*nrlc.- ) a tl:g,,1 )r) Vlte-tt ct t{t"6'J 6'o 6 u {J
,ti t,/,J'v'! d) {Qvq "vrt6!a {ft.c)(t' =tt
ftl ctfu,'tt,,4 +,4u ar d'ts'tj6ctta,!'l( c'')
t

n{
t
7..1-:l.ss,ltt,,',i,J ct'l't'c.,L "t J,c.)v /"":J
j
6'0,! o{Lv Q,'t ; -!- d.la {c'l r)tu' =' t' " tJ;'t L ;rt
-<- '4ss.ea daq

"ittcl atxt$t;l

{157t

"

.Y,.6v.& Yd,u1 tlct(ntwrz'

r,pfl'a
,2

)-Jv,ts'

75.38

\.)16
13

4.61

19

99 99

130

't

u! -,J

r!6

10

J-f

t'
L''t

tu'''
? ( tu'1 L /1 P'-ly 7 J' 6v;* J' z
q gJ2 6v 1r --t Jl $J x ivl'J

6,a ri.{,'t

lY

-t ?d(
4*

r.t

!,J

!+{ c,l d t* t'

z,

!z't * n

,4t s sa Llsa,6 J c)',4 o, t --'i


u;-

rcd
^A

s, ut

M.a t

"t

t s,

tt''' t'

c" J' z

t,t\,t-

r.-|ds.,t, ;* rc z- r,f

&

vi

+,!u
t) tuI

z-

"r
r

\'

t'

"

"trv

-h z-

6'! t (*' - t Lt' { s' 6 v'l-'! {;t "


t

c' t

(156)

",.t & g g :g t! i'1r {B t*,Df 6 c)*1'Yt?"'


t

t.rnflta
gtip6.t{
e,thvt6tC
83.07

rl&

10E

16.92

cN

6,

e-J

q r\ >t

tt

ut'
) ri { a !+
ra.ez dzz,t.J.t,rt r*'.1't,0,j rJ'e { 6 6 e

c{ftr.

',;-

4 i e {X. ul 6 c) $4' 7 t, /t-q

ctfu' -r2.,,-6.-,1

es.ot

t} tos,t},! r)!u { 7

tl59}

"

-/..

ct'v & 6 rg 6 6 l.8 t U'Di 6 dgx4

Ytt"

t.rqf,)t+
C'.qVg'V(i4
43.84

,! t!)A

21.53

2E

34.61

45

q,Slq-dt,i'

cttu<'

=ts.

!7Q

:'.e- J'

t t)l :.'t'

or.- t't ra| cttv & 6tt'


4
e
'n-4s.g4
'r';6
=rt
,! ,tfu, .tz J - d,,t 1 )421 53 't'i { ttt + 'l'l=tz
(

ctzt

-t-'''"i34

61

't;

{160}

,f,

l,i Yrt6'c t;t,r,1 t!o(*:-re"

",rf{-}v07
r'.r./!ta
,'"1

33 a4

44

3l

4l

53

ult)

..e*

34 61

99.99

130

,lt iJl6!,tE!^l tt(*,=rz 'Jc-*z-Jt+ tr\.tr'


d-qt ,,i { o'+ o,n -' e',!* '!-}v 4r&"t iv'} 'J'e
!'
$* ?'d- 33 e4
6,a 4'! - ; v')/'t A-G- d&l d02 )'rtt
ss&cl 'ti {,)t '' ''/=r (i t 'J
{,t.'Ast
'drc)(t''rtt
.- + J P,!.- ?v,J4'i' / ; E'J,J'ttJ'ti z-'li6 I =7 ; t'i
t

z-

"'!

tt.a t d- t s't i

6s

{161t

)4tlvz-,u(+)V0? tt),r6ct*4'.lt"

"

r.riJ'+
)tL;vQP

a'lya
g

63.07

8'.

L23

't2

27 .69

36

99.98

130

i?

{ i-.ft }. i t(- ;v 4/1 +t-')',t tt o.'P

/t L r, z- 0

- I v -, !'-f ct

I(

1'

(z-

jrr,,t t.-t/,.t r-,1Jt z-t',! or,'t

-tc

,i,:u:&

c.!( i.

d*4'

&ez

"t;- -.'ti

v,) 7.:

-ti !.-ri

6o' +

Fa- J ry

j'(-)v

tt| >.'

t'

t.Q

L,.r

Jt

t-t!'tj'!

z-(lu,S {etfu '

4/+-)vz-'t',-t! J+
LJ

2'l; \t c)(t' Jr Lt' z-' -tt iltt L rrt z-'463 07


J7q-)v-'u -tu (!7v!ni c)(t,-tt,','t .- '4!s 23
&

{162}

"

crtg

Lx

:,*?tl{td,uI {s(m:=ra"

t.rrflta
cFVLr,*l>/

"l-

L)|6

13.44

33.84

44

22.30

29

99.99

130

'la

Ln.aO/"G-{Q} s(*'.rt !7Q' +c'

) ta

ttt''.'t'

"i,! +9
dfi.",f' c)*a ".tt "t+'433.sc d qt'6 { c)\Jr y t "
,.1,

*Or

z-u

rf tttu, -t2,,

-E

+'4qs

e+

&st

ttt

o,

elt1{e,rr'r ? !i22.so N-ze 'tiIctt'fg Lx v::b/-'(p


r"V!'n ( P- 4u!Drc-',,',J: 6 v L,' rO/J

{13'

u0L l,,xO/{ td,u{s(n:=tt'


" rl L t,z.g s) tV gt LL/2 t

t.rrflta
tnd'vhr'.(t/
.)16.

30
27

tl'l

.65

42.30
't30

99.99

ot.B

e/ )L f!+{fti cth 7t z alTQ z'' e- J' < rtl z t'


,6 6 c)(*' -rz d le Lt,,'t O'v,'. (t/ gt Lt/ A'
L

Lt,f

t,,',(t/|t6 !?

cft ,l'

i'so rl

+
=rt ",'r
rt L * vde:t

ct$4'

ze

ct'v'/
"
")t
,t,i{stsg Lte.t d'vet Lt./t-,,'.1tr' -fuif? v{6i
c)

(t',.'1 t,, 4

1'ti

zz.es t/'sa

-.-'442301e55,")--.

iro.t

U{,J,o tt I tY, r t},

t( s (m :, tz "

" 7,{,!,'?s
r,.rr'71'a
l,!,J 'O,f
32.30

42

rl6

74

'l,S

f 'Y '

10.76

14

r-d

99.9E

130

dE

(tyt,.tl6!+ z-utFctfu,-tt

nlL*

s(*,-tt,t..6<- z'i tz.so'/'t2

r!

+t'
{6'fS,! A'c't

zc'-J,-s

ttl

".; "t'7
L 6,0'} rv',1,J

!+ {c,i
c,'; { c)' {,t,l,,PS i{L
s.!,5,a :- pr J- d!7dq, o(a' =B s,' -a''sa sz
6'7
- -,4 t o.t a'/- t t
&z

"i,!'tt+

{165}

e,)ILftl,t; tQ,u{g(n:7te"

<ticrto*e{n./
r,.rofl'a
".,;t{,y'ri
YrQEJru,a

49.23

64

50.76

ol6
'.tA

tirtl,l!+ rdti ttfu ' -tt uJ.-Q 1e.' | ry t)t :.tt'


"t
{i t& 6'A { sn'[o': tr (
* 4 *'j-qs.zs tlat'r; { 4 7
=4
c,J,J,a,!"tw/o')$( d d,l6J?c'lftl c)fu''tz
I
=r(
-

a'Aso.z a rj aa'.;.,! sr7,'d

i166f

a/,-{LPr td,"uI6o(m:-re"
" *6,Q;/i-'rl.&:t!

r'.rt/lta
r')'./'.r 1v'

Q;,!'!t;'!
&:6r";r
f .. | :

r11

8s.38
3.84

'fi:j/

'!0.76

14

99.99

130

pr!+t((&

/'!t ;,!'

*f7V,
Jt+ tl >.t*
1e=tz

c)h>

i 4 +'j-as.sa,j

t'ti { rtt + 6' Q ; /'9 ; 6 " ;


t

s:r,ti,t ")fu'''t (9 ;,! 4-,t { >!,} L" +'Q t


L l,t!? rlql d*, ;-t2 *rtz- A
l',t'l/r U'{ L /
^tt st ,! st
1 qtl {t: ,; 'J'o oi
rlq ,ti { c)(x,
-,r/
=tt
s.ac

{167f

fttt

tJ

fi e i

t st u

'.|/''
fJ t d.,r'i
$ g(* vt

n'

" *:J-81

r.rz/j:a
e_*i"t,tD
a:GNLt('CU:
36.92

48

ol6.

19.23

25

Lt

43.84

L,ft l- o 7 ft - J' + cr - { Ld 1' f L J I i J' t t t 2J'


tvtLtrrte- ut(JJli z-t4)tI w! 6'e '! rtll $+ '! itl !
L.t"
tt'.,t',/
J"t
'>
{6o$1,'/r,,Jt4/r'c'L
7'J.;2r}"
o(t' =tr t)t.,cL ) (t)Zi z.-t(ctt -r (j- c,.t 6* 6 u{l o!'J !
)Q-Zi el& fr-v,fhi a(*,'.tt,,-Q7i36 sz,/'qe "';'J
I

fiJ fi e- i v U
+,.1=:
=t?. "z-.n'"i,!Ot
(
9l? v,r6i'
r
t)t z-u :( J-ri 2-t (.)t -f * /-. hJ'c.-'i {'-t

otz'

19.zz

&Zs

1168)

t|',fu / lL I

H), DI 6 c) tu4''-,

t"

" agis/,1*,1,,{
r,.rn/J:a
'J'0{,-t*L)
7.69

't0

._441

19.23

25

-4,!'1st'

73.07

95

-4,!ut'

,./\t''/\rflL tf4-4u -'FtL


-

q'l- ; 9,',,

z-

x,,f v u':'>

6'O

h { 1 L y+

z-r,

rf o(n,+.t2,4<-

'ri-

ful

ts.zt dzs

$-

"t

4r)

r/

ss,,

t;

c)t

4/P

L
t

t'.t

ry

trl >t

*l I i /.' "<'5
t

ft) (h ).a |2,' J.v

L J' a t | 2.'P

it.ag rlr,ri

{ttt z-'t

+V

i/- Za'

j/,J,9-' 4,!4)t' fu2L

".;,!
4{r) }"$'CI,L{lL )!+

-,,-, i J

e6n,

-' t,t

)!7

{tt$''-'2 ""r7j (.- 4{ o'.,t t'


+
I /
z-r,

-a)473

07

{16e}

6:96

ft 8 4 tt[,t/6c)(A''-'t'"
"

dQt&

r.re/!ry
6'06(c,j'r!
Y:Lzc'J
22.30

29

30.76

40

46.92

61

99.98

130

01,3

'.F6

ot/

e1ctl6!+dQt g(**rt o!7Q 1z- Jry t\ >.'t'


(; E&6'06 ft
2:
'}
-tt,,-6- "4zz.so'jzs,6{u7ix
rlqo ri {o +,-l* (i t&, 6,o 6ft & c1J?c{&i cttu'
!.t,+r ( 2 t'J 6' t J -,! !<- t ! 6'i J (h' =

2,'t 1,4

-+^Aca.sz,la1,'i,!e' 16n

30 7 6

t
'5

t;t

{170f

"

&U'O-,e E,:'./ td,t/f {g(rll?tt"

r.ftArts
..r 4J:0e-.? tez I
73.07

ut0,

26.92

.iz

{!&-r

S}-7

c)t./

130

99.99

e Utlt7(ya c,-'*tL er,llu tl 'tv

tlt.-=rr,J'c-)t-. i

it,.sol&!+c{tcn s(t,'tr. " AvL J'a tl..'/'


au{(,i "t fu,. 2,, 4 7 ^et s.ot tl ss "i,! 7 a: I fi rl..+ 4J,a- i *. i
-<t

^,iza.sz,l-zs,t,;,r)t<-

etr

"l,S.l

(171i

{ itJcQh:,?[t td,t,I {ctfta:-te"


"

+\J:o

r,.r,t/t)ta
JP6!t:,t:.&t
r)13

54.61

22.30

29

23.07

30

'y'a

J-6

99.9 8

c(t:'V-Atr)l't!+v{4ls$1'-12"lav:"atL2.'r'
,,-6+'4st.ar &t

?g{t

",),!rtt+

Q r,J \t,tt J P

c:

(i aj,J'9{ct{)L

lt :,t:' ihv86J+c{ft1

)')

ct(a'

='

jvot'-2s't; &)l
L,!'; ;,t " i!,J-rt rt(a +tt aitr''tL ct

&20,6{dt
"4zs.ot

q{

"tsiLq-'r16to

'it{ J?

4172'

tl,g

tli

d,u6 ct(q : -tt-

" ?d'o4&:tuil'tt

r,.rrfJ'+
::

U,J

'062

Ot't;)tt)

5E

44.61

,t,ttrs,a.-i
L

.ty

v,tt,,5

{l+ 6 it$ L'ft }-4 L ( e' Jv tl ;''*

tt'{,.ti,',-tl"t:

r!'it-:tt' Ie'i:t

'br';';

tL:c'-/

!+ c'/t'l o$,' =tr " !1-cn d'a

J'a

t)t'':'

(ttrsti)'uJ'0 [
d
ij
t!
ctt'
':r
rB ",4 4- '45538/-tz
t
! { t'l tt fu '
,! t ;1.,,{ e' { o t \; )' tJ 6,0 c' } cl 6 7
r,

"1

-.,_r;-u.at,jsaui

\1731

+rultY7
-rv,,r-(fj

tl)'/
tJ'J

J,oe- 2 c',, ov.,L

l,l.-

.t{

i t,,' r3,LdJ'.rr)n

)'/efl

;'rtY

$,r7lJ'q
!.

tlv

e#

6,Ce,e

d,!'

68

(16.73)

18

(51.26) 50

4a

(11.81)

10

(36.18) 36

14

(3.44) 04

(.=0.01)

)?(e!'

1o

10.93

,r_,,te{ nhj(

5.991

:J)t)it,J
,j-,J,+,9ry'6r

0.69

,42,,t -:o

-6sl.'

)' a t 9 -'1 u
y't
7 t o.es e-i- ,,./'P { lt J{;6 " ;i e" '

; !1- t'[ 6t ; 6'! o|'1

i-,J,.{nttJUt
t'ur 4- ol +5 ss1
+cu tt,/,J 6'c - ) t,' f & -'7,fr
u!,?* o'o.-) v,"<,!,t*>

ttt

& ".'/'!t 4 v -.v "-',

{r7a}

zl-,/

tvc 6'c.- / "t ..' I


c.' t
-c v,rt'.Et& tt'o.- )
"'.

i-

ll

)'/tfl

),Nt

qttf,)"t
t

'JvJ-,J'c-

ic

120.76) 20

(69.23) 70

(9.23)

(30.76) 30

1o

i?

8.65 ,e.t-,,,f,etl

:6,t)i,)"'

3.84'1

t&tjt

,i-,J'-'!r'i'i(

0.60

t-,,,4 t.

lJ-

r-/6t

{o tg

J' a t t'.'

t'

4"le'!tt 9r tJc' 6't ti


x ezv :,,t 7 | !! t?,.t,i'v - ; r' I o. i-'r'yt h Nz- t! )
*
-t,t D'n, tlde,J rJ'tt.- ; r"1.. l,l-;' rly

.,ss4
r

t,+o.ao t',

J,-,!i&r Jch. +e
")-

es

{1r5t

s/-;*
t! ty,-t a t,,t, /
|

!!,y'j

J,.t.t

/ 6,c r tt,r,,t

6'9.-

| /6,tt *t t :t, tr 6 fi e'


|

) r'!

et

I'

tt Ot'

f '"'/''f

t ""/'J I

utsfa+
r)t;t 't l('1'Ct

!.,6y:&6'aait

'.t '

'7

(17.00)

15

(49.99) 52

',tl&

(15.99)

18

(47.00) 45

,t,r.

0.64

,-i"le,!:'f'it

3.841

t)",J'a{ithA(

0.01

2.'41,'t

P
ao.o1 4,C;.f+c'tt tg {'2t'Jt J'- ut'.'

c.i

l'1 {t|y'' [r7o

et

-s.841
gttut,t y't4J'c( rt,,r',r6,oc.-'i

t,t,r.tr!,O.'iv6 ctl's d
-u :at.:...',, \1 )'

i-

",LP'!

J(!t 4"

;1

c{tti't :'7,ftr't't 77 {

;'fJl4
/"

iuQ

l. tl

B"?NU|L'Iy6
A'

-r'' l' ft 'a

4lj'/
),y',ft

1, t\ f d O ; )' t),' 6'ti ' ; r


J !\ dfLr c)u t;')' -t 6'C' ; I
t"

1;

-,/,!\

t)

a,,rNfJt't
r,6.veF,Jt0e,lc
122.15) 25 ((49.84) 47
(17.84) 15 (40.15) 43

25.94

,J-,'lPt! t&tir
$)t)ie,"

3.841

,i-'J'+Jiti'ir

0.91

t-, ^4 t,, 4 o. t t' t' i J+ $t t 6 6c' rI J' a t "2


i- t),- 6 itlr 6* h +25.st ''; u'/' { lh ir "- 'J";i
t

,,ttJ,C-,2c{cti,tr}t',
,t t

tt

,,t

'J,g e,

e.v e-'t

)c { ct}'s};,7

t-zt/tft
,J9

utat

2.

slz-t:Ie3

441

1,f 4'r'fi 'r")


-,n,,c u t ,it f';t ,L'it;

-( 7tt,t

{12}

5l-n/
-

z-

vv

ru

tYvt $',', + 6a t U fi a-'i

rtgt,/,J 6 " " +

6.?

"1

6'0

-'z I

',.r,!\

4,t20lJ,q
It

t2{5t)')'DL-A

t-&vJ--.,J't>e-,2v

rl6.
70

(16.15)

17

(53.84) 53

,J1,6

60

(13.84)

13

(46.15) 47

ulg

100

30

130

2.87

,4"tett

:6

3.841

^ltJ(

'tti:./'

,ct-,)'-,!nttJ(

0.24

.-, A 1,'t ^40.2a r, e,;"1?t-/6, t s {'>rJt J' a tL ;'/'

( lvh 7 t.et oi "'/'f i'y' Jt" J " ;i


'!
yt,flu: a',,t'+ 6v,'r,J'9.-,i alu'' )'y'tftt'ht tlz-'t!)
vV
tt, 2- 6.v"t,S'0.' h &-'f ty * +
6',
.Et"*df|N
13.841

li

J' 1 6 i

{rE)

6P'/
."tflft

-r-v Vlt,Y,t J I'u, t)t"i' Je'tt6:0a-.?Y

),ilt

--rvyrr"lf'lut'uJ/' Jt',)'t6'O1lt
1,'.rs,4)'q
!..&t

e46'C1lr

(s3.23) 22

(26.76) 38

(38.76) 50

uvvan

131.23) 20

qlttA'V\tt61\'L!,
rL'Ei4
6y'Jvvt\'6t

,i-"te' thJ(

2s.s6

:6,tti;.-,

3.s11 p)-,),t{thJ(
0.46

,>-,'ti t',t,40.ta q,9)!7t./O,r d tleqJt J v:

ttt >-'t

i-,'/'e6lhJtt',t't;i

o.t-.;),. t! nh Jc"ft +2s.56


2 t&,n e..t c'.,)'/cft
iu-z
',t,J'C
'

iF,

in,,

o,c.-

t,h

))?

"V

cj

a41

i nl -,./,h -E -?, vtt'y,r ! r'uig


-uD,r.,v*,d,y,jo!'k"

.1i9

f
z

l-t v !!'yLt
-

r-

Ev

t\

df't

6'

c.-

J'g +

v't 6r

) tt

ip {F

$ ir
r

/:'/

)'fJal

",$ )'fl\

utoslJt,t
!..6ve.t

103

\t,o-/t

6'ry,!.d.

(26.s3\ 27

(76.06) 76

(7.06) 07

(19.93) 20

rl&

14.08

,e"i-"te\t nr'

i(

3.841

,e-t"J,-,!itfr,J(

o.77

t-,-,ir,,r,4o tz A'ClJ+r'/8,t'i,! oe,J' J'- tt'' t'


:j- t)ry J t&t t)(t ?14-oa e'i"/'P'!try'rig"-J";i
il'- DV'"3 841
Z r',t $t if*rl )l riu e"vo",.'/,.ftt)ht
,!&o,a-i c,, C'ir*6a .,r!v 44-Nvtt'yot''J'ec-.

11801

8./."./
tttgt6,A1
- ?t
U

r,t t Eryt t :i

rrt,O,n,-&yA U,o--)'. r',+ Et:t,t

;1

(''t tt rnr

oi' t

(g

li' |'"'f ty

"7"t

)'/tr

4,,t2slJ'1
yti;t;t'tti(g"7g

r-3.?e,*.6'O4/t
(15.01)

15

(4s.98) 46

38

(9.35)

10

128.64) 28

31

(7.63) 07 (23.36) 24

15.46

,j-",f'f,!

:6

5.991

t'l

t,l'jr
't

)1i.''r

,-iJ',;,!:&

rJt

0.80

:,-,'4

z,,t.4o.so

U, o

)!+

c'lti t I 6 e4 tr

ry ti \'.'

r'

;t
5. ao :;,,'/,e \t tty't i{ a'1't
Jtlt
lt
6(
\t
+
-it t't)i (r)', /' O i' t,l q o,v o. u ) /,-1"|' u | ? ", a 5 99
v,L,,r.ttt-t,|rl-;'f 'h 4 r-ry f!,y& ',1'r2'iv't ti:t
1

t),

-t*,-'f"Y v yt,,tif'J 6,O.- I

r'

'r

tf:r:r't;i

{181t

s/;t/
Y'J 6'e1 /,
-v Vt ./Yt t 6,O- ;

.-v

bW

:,' ; t\{1L /
t,'t N./," ) t)trL I

2'y',f|
-tt,/,!\

tr'/

atnsfJtq

t,6.vJ'.,J'c-lr

Lr,.r,

(14.76)

11

(49.23) 53

(15.23)

19

(50.76) 47

) tL6

Oi,

I
016.

/(,I

2.28
1

3.841

,-i-,,te,! nt'J(
:$tui.z*t

'j-tJ'"t!t&tJr

0.'19

r, e,;J.J,f6t d { 2L.Jt r)' a ltl ''""


',1'40.1s
i [' lv' 6't :i
1 :-i-J,- \ti'y't 6clt +z.za';
"/'e{
-3.84
f'J 6,e r,,"t'1., ; tt 6 t i, flf u u''' ftytr'h 4 ?

r"'.,4i

tt

z c U tl

-i

d,yLt

6,0

-;

v',1

Ll -" ) t 4)i' t &"'/ lu 4 4- t u


-tns,t,tr/'

{182t

/t-e

egtVtOQ,tli
(SummarY)

-,!i 6l

L;v"rtuv( !)v'L 6'ac-,it L/r(Lv//)


ttt!'t F'''i u tu't 7 L
t)s., (/ E& 6,e!?r' ( F.t LV.I''''
Lvqal*.t J;',' i ; /, i i*A -lv,j6 -1u'F
-,,,!

Jrt

t,

6,a (,! |; r. ?'J" n.- ; {i. A6'e6o{tQt


76
.:. 5 a 'rh /6'o.- t'!, d - +l'V6. ,.f,J o ll"tv.o -L
t-!'
i
vt
;t l-v2 ; LJ4 J-l,,t ctv, * L,t fi !,'t oy'y' t z 6 "'
lcte.'LJ0L( t? t){,J t){r/,.tc ott'',ltf'! 'f'!-y't'
(,J,tt'!i v,!,t { )l+'! ffi 'v; L Lt t'l LV
v.,
?,
-/.,.t.,;
,

F6,t
tt

l-rda a{f?l,i & {" t ) tr } 6r,'t q l alv'


q A,/'s -,J,c'rn w " t+ iV' ;fl'! 6'c -a )'t q 6'
t

&f J.s ",t: ut,e- ) c,!,',/l'.r +vL

'''ll2-

\rtr-

ri

t"i

z'

-4 '.i'-ls.t

{183}

q z x a Jv,l'.' +'!'J'o'.t t! o "r!'u


v
sE
)
- -'a
t

,1,

i,.t

1' {, 7 ! 1r

tt Pr'

i.

+0,, - c u 6.,y'&
t

i:,j s "

v'

lJ' J:

{,t/.- -}/,i v,-r o,o,!'',{J,/ -+'-{"ttJ l;v') /'' t'


-?l,v

I Jt -- o{.'!'.,',, z d'fu' J lf; 3 /'l'v'' i c


y,t','t ?a r" 4 fu t'1! t't/"a'/ {' u!
+6"/',l,fL
z-t L a
ut 6 d,t,i,J-'t, L,J,e- i cc-'tit )t!!i' {Lv
c,../,

$.'f,.:--2 t lV ('.'4nr tr utt - 4'J /o z-t "'r


w,,J*i,ytf,a',! t Jt,,--, q JoJt J'' ""c / e' 1'
\)f i
ot"'t;fz:'
{0'1t
t,,*L
ot,t
l'+iV,J'
Jv,,
JvLfd

,,' a, I u,,1. i

y,,,

*,fs-,

: tz ;

t,!7!d, tr a{-o E} &?\/ L a f! { et


iP-7

e1oL."'J';')
(zooz'it)

Qoor*ot

))

Qoo4,6hrf)

"G"pfu{ovcJ o{)"

#to"'a"

-'

'1,i, J*i.rti'tlY':",h;6"';'"

-'

')r'l's'e

",fi:7 3':<

41"

-"

(18.)

a,p,4L-t114,,' -)t"711 Cl"ttt 'y''lJ'i O)'S'


Jt& !*,ttlh+ 6Li ,l{f, ,fL ',tt'!,.t o{+v-''
,.F,p

q L +,,7,,/v,t

2-" LU

Stll -&||tt

1L

/ | J t,J (,,

le'! g

ai',-t ( r'/4 L eat

"
J?L
oi
rr:rt,ta-t'tt{4'v,!o{r&
&ri4tlt ti
"

l;, (r,tl {,a


|

O,/ & J r,r 6

L,t ) L
t

l "f'-'!n+'y

"_,lJv,f t-)

{ t4- i1z-v 1, iz.P- tt & "! e v q'-' t'


c)tt'Q r''t
i{'o'r7(4
6
lt
*
6v'
Pt
fui:?r,V
2ot)t
(,-fu v ( r1vr g! a'/l
L
rt
O ;s2 lE-|
J
?E
'J
-v

6,v 6 o

11

-, t+

!72
-

JV{

6,i

t,J

\t,c|"d UP''!

&'t -'to -'tv'

{,,r7..:s} vaa'o6t/'.fv

t&(o{t!+d

'/'!.l'!'c; 'tr" C,,.){1

L,r,J!,J,t2,J,b,,vL 1.- i-

lu

4' 4'

/uo -gtyl\,.1,,lttt
-

Toxl

r,.t

'/.;r,g',J

tltvct l"L:6u{1!+rx

LJ'g{

fl t/''- t li

r''r A'e qti)

ir85t

&

L
-vt.-,vc4 6'e-

t)t

6,g.tL L.f6,0

; t!?ciZv')V dz'

"tt;r;

o,,;r

J1

o' / iol

+ 6ft gttE s)'v ='4

r' *
L L x J g {,J, urt, tz L,-,',1, ^ {q.' d Yf ''fu ot'ti [
-.-tl\r "\) ;)\t-( J' i J';i' -'' J- "'LL| ;/
-t J
r

-,.
zL,

""

":

/t

- {,-,,t|

'l

\JV

tJ

..c,6.r'${:.,),

tr + 1a'+
(

'

,av( J?, pt|"rJ,,9 + Z ZU J lLr"4"'tZ L', -'(-&

-.

v r! t

{ | G,.') tt )': 4'! L / ? I

!'

4 /-'J

ry

{''(

-7,,/rwttl,/'-{ iU L!i"'t & t)'l

4 LV lott'' L'J'o' ; c
L a,,bLJr{'!1''s fev'/i L (aL L'rJ''! 61'!{'L!21 e' r r r
)[.t.
L
r
u, r,,t t{il d'-v r4t
z-rlr
t
L
st
stt
.t
,tr

E-ur
"1t1,,4,

tt

Lf

tt

e * ?'
-'t"e J g. ""{'! J 9,.r,f ,J' a'! t)''' n ty b tf ' "t i
t L ";'
v'
+ LQ,,. ;)*) (c o^tinsencv Tables)'! - 7
"
t ('v
L't"{'!
*
lc
z-'f
z-u,f
I
L z,f ,Ju,t,f l','
'JU "
t L n e.<t ez r z Z t /' -,J: t -' u ljl ( {/'G'f l'P'' V "
t

'

-,iJ):';'

q
t'|Yr: 6'C'''i v"t

<-

vv

\!,Y't

$'0 --'2 c "t $

i / 6.4

Ot'l 6'6
-+tY\l'/'J J'it;"'J''tJ'ia z: -'

ctry,f,1,5'O.-/t"t t[;t tbt)i( L)"/

7t

v\,Y& u t,u iY;" iv','' A'o'

z-E
-

1-t

yf,l

2-,

q t)t rJr',' L n, t

4,' A {6,ttLt "t"t

6'Oe-

z-'/"
}

)'l

v6 oi'

_l

-f-t
-

?t Vll,yet 'C.-;
6

t'

) It (
'/e'
'tN

r)i'l

L rt ll,V.,! V t 2-'. ), Z'/?' "t'a t :' e'>" 1' / t a-'h


{'i17 ot'rs
dt,'t{V
V ?* 6v "*v
{s1r'-iz-v6w
9 )6
t'

't1 a-

L"'E

?{,J*t
,,

1fo'

Lchi-sqnare lty't J( L (

r'ti

lchisquane ) L

1
a'f
"1;,fx,l'

&

fou'7
")t

( {&
"t

('1 L'tr:f-v'/

L v z-' tt 2' 4!+

&

e \J

d'

.18?i

3?))
(;dtt"|Lf'
z,Nr,)6tz-* ".t
'/Lu'cav
-"tftP 4 x :'*:"' t,, olL i " "'f'j*"'f 'Fz "
t
!,!yt f !'tv'*,1-v Vltfct' "'1 "- J ?"t'J'01 I
tu
4t -t' fiq' ! $ -"a L '/
"v'-"
dn -1
"a,!
"',s
v

(!7dx

y,,

yY,

l:9.t

{L o(t' rE Jz )P'I

n1' t'etc

-nJn'f'J J96""'o''

ly

'! '-t

A,C.-

/t

"t

r''/o';u

rt" '{r t'} 6t

ui't;'/

e..te.,,),/: lL *'',6,tr ''vL'h t$'62'/zt-tV


; u Jl !6 )o t'u' J{
lo
h
.tt,,y;
z,-,
4
tl,t
,f. 6'o{ ttt
""

(x

L./ -,f', z-c( v- ! rt,,.


I

r,ft , L',/' ]' a L

f '/ + i

"

"

L,t'L /',8,2t.,;vJJ J r

11':-'/-'z!'c;!'y""'

1201,'Ls)(a,rtt!1 t'

Lq"L )/trt't*
+4"!
'i"
-xr2:1('

f 6,c

6,o c-

^,),/,,1

-$ -tu..t e.,,;,2

t! ai't rj

-'/ ri r'a
-

e*'J"LI
C

)'st

?E VttYet 2-t

! 6 J? t'h'6 tn u Lf"2'/1'\n

'-N

i188t

{ f t L,J-.r/ "J 6'0'/ !r- 6 r i 4v (


e L F,/+ t, 4's'o,!,! I i t- /'l,l'o'r -r ='
:,f
'n,,
"
,ttet1t, (7,'t( e{ef'/it4{ } v'}tJ'V6'-t'}'{t+ z"
,J,,i r,.f''-r a' a,!

r)

-+"fJt';
,,{

ux.-!aJVt,u

6-,t L,iz('1'z'r{ "xL'

tVZ-x-.v-'r",reLf/L
v L o' 4 4t i' I
:i
i
:r't
t
[:
/
6'v.\\;y'J
f- +
"r
L r u'|'''e L
r! 6, ; i ( t E L ry, o' il V,,,1, $ f t o $'
v

cV

"

fz 1'}*

? 6' et,{ {z t 'J 'i'v


L ;vL'J" )i
tove ),J,cJo/&{,tu' 7s i9'o b 6'c'!t'-

to{li-rJ,O!+vV

Jizv

-t,

"E

eL i?v! ?A' b/

r lt:,t -

'/t

Mantages

6*:-v;.la6,x :..c/JLL 'J't|'/ Jt; 'J't)iI r)i"J


,J,O/o'l,,ti* e.ta- \.)ttt)1.'6'a I rvt 606 otL L'6'0
ii'
- 1t1t/ r 5- YE;{' t :"t!r "'z-Vtt'(''Y
J&

f
"t

t,llPurpostue sampl'ng)

rr,'u-l+, +,! L /J*

e ttVL

i,-d,-,,t

6t,t'.

lLrt

'et.

:1,! /'t'7'!J*'<'J *''

J,ig,tJ

z' lo1ts

L'tt!1(/'t'

t r8e)

Jk' o )J't +,

irlv L /,t t't: lc,r

v'f{" iv'!'

}'

"y

;'!f 'o

"

6r' -. /'/ tnb 6'tr''' 2 J L


u'} ttl c4q
t,u, { 6 t )r'Jt +E1ttt,.t,J fl 4 c-ZJ4'4
,v,,.- bL6,e.-

tttt

olJt-? ;6,1/t)lluniuetse')
'd
j'(auanrita1.ive\ 6)t'&)'l
tl'|r qti'4! &l'n ?!
en.z,a',

(Qualitarive )

A,u--,.t

rt,

-'ta) i 'r '(a-} 'f *a'} 'r'1ir,

tr'i /,r (Explorator}/ studY)

&,va),y'

-L{c.,i'(Descriptiv/Exploraiory

Study)

{190f

{"o
gt

o',

)b,$t,i1fqe,t/A;vLrl ," c)tt'L6'Oc' lt


(,c,"-f' 1"" 7tt' t/*(LvF
-r.lJ-;:.t*tt2-i

rlJ',t

*/' ,! cth''tz'.t J':{


t'
uxoto'(
(
o;l
t!
I t,' i ttr'rt,'d-20,6 -tJtt'."';
zo,,A!:..zt6|+{,!*

i$.ez,G,t,/,t,3v',t"4 rc'aq'ti'!'tl'lv'i

rs

zs'ti

lJ'"
pt

/''! rt fu ' = t''l J' <'/'t


,t;{,,t 6,0/! c)(a)'.8'('""i56 s2 )t"} J 'tt6:0

(n t 1 z.l7 eP $
t

'44g.o7

n;r

,lJ'+
a,=qJNJ'a\Jl
tufl!O gt
9''q)\/''v'e'<w
zuvt-'tLdtO"'- 't4('
J? Ltttl)tLtJ'Vr',,!zt.sz

rt

t, t,.

;,'4 aa,6,! 6 ) 4 ttt


t)

r- t/'y " J'o


t

{1el)

qlJ'+

6+ !"6v4 .'/''J,ti
,r;

6 utr,

{'/

6 , s.' $v

trt e' 6o$4'7tt&Jryt/l

'$

{t

$'v

'( 'la't

'ss

"';

't

t)l

-aA18.46

olJ,'t
,'t!t&!/c)s'L 6'V4Zt

*l'

,! t)(*:att''jJt+Jl

t)v"t J!",t,A1s 38,.teLl'A35

gB

tt'i6u'r&J'+

--'/i4s.8 '66"!)

,lJ"s
rJt"tt! +, &te., L

a,o.- i

,)-$.3o,';. 6J/L't

t fu l''! d(a' r

?'

u: J' a

Lt

;'? iy''4t't ss't'; 6ttt'{ - (>


a. r s,t i,!,) * t f t
-7

"'t

"4

z/J'+
o

L,t'e-,?

t,J t

"te-,

Je c d

&r

,"Aaa.qa,ti

--'4

{ ) * f' 6 ct*t' <r


(

vt:

z'

lJ'

<

), ..'v '-t 'tt -7 ({rri

'-

to.za,'i6o@'Jt "u42o 76 $J{))

11e2'
tlJrz
( y, t:i.-, ta ( t)' 4 ; & o { I tl /. 5 s (* 1 lJ : t/ |
),,r,',i rc.gz,ti {.!,t ftt(''42 s st't'J. 6'fL'-a'1 at7
6 o tb{'V( A' t ;/
-.t

s'

^4e.zs,'i

q.lJ,+
|
t
tttc- v t,J, / LJ'c &) v v* /',! d(t' r| 1)' a \'/
(
{t)AJ','t'4r;'.84,1; ['t; ol 6''N'Jt -?{{
t

A36.1s,6

rlJ,t
t!11r1.-

a r),, =v$,e(/./td

,'},!.- ix -V(6'c{ O/IJ 't'+{


1o 7a''i!1 An
J I'tl',l l.?(6,J,o'n,a
=v(

{l.t:,'izt
'J,0

t,"!t'lf

{' '!"t"'''"('J'ts'

.ss

,2.-"!al.as

'titt

{ie3}

tl)'a

+Jn,Jll..'v,!a,t>{,-,{tut{'L!cttu'-c{J'+vrr
zoc-ft-1{ {'tG'
,! Jv zs.-zt -7 'AzaAa,ri { Jv
)i
-c-',i-fi.aq,t.;{ Jv3o'26 -('-"'i57 6s

vlJ'+

i)n,ti/l-v,!,l,o4,th s! /' '! t)Or'a\)"tJl


,;-as.zs ,ti { Jv zo --25 4 ul! '.r '/t 1-{{,"t'+
,! Jvqo

-sa 4 -a 'i

zs

ta '6 6 Jvss '-sr '+


? "r-5.38

'ti

14J"t
,J,,t,!/

t 6, 0

,t;,!,tlr,

{1,./4 o t t

ul

{'! c)'' - t' fi "t';t


t

O,e,!} tlS,! Jvzs.-zo,-t rt' -+{{nG'''!n

ott{ - iYl6'c,!o{)ll,!,)vao'26 "1n415 3a


53
-t-}431
o0l
l6'Ja5'-31"1
6'0(
ivl
{-.-isz.ot 'tiJ elt'

,tnJ

(1e4t

trlJ'+
,, L ) r) t?.,

nJ'

9.-.i t & 4,.ft d {- (

6?,t)'J;!
"'i4s.s8,ti

'!t

-(,'t?!3-3s.23

h'

+ t lJ
r

u ?rttt" 4t :Oa',i

'tlt!
-

-'i

":

s.sa,t

t7{{t6'

tts"L 6'tt.' ;t'-N+


r

tt

q'tt?

i { de. L'J "2 k

E't

t!

nf,)":

8lntt-evr'{6t S vt Ul- ,! dfi2,-ttl)'t\lt


.i'").sl al ,ri{tt*'rtt e'/'i't3'0 76 2; LJ'/} 'tr '1t*
6 ctfu,-rz:;t f tt,-itt ae 't'i '! ct(*' rtl o7
(Ot|&te )}'12 30't}
ott'-trLt'1t
''h.as,6{
-t-

tt/i4
-ytJtt}J-)r1 td {'! c)*4"/E/J"t L/l
t''t e V ?6t i'i. Z i & J - 16- r - i- "4sz.so,ti 6-' : ul
r & }4 40.l i
-7,4t.s3 'ti6o,11i,t )./,t 26. s | ; {

{11tt.-

c)

{1e5)

vflta
uy:4,,/er )tz-'t

L6,o{; t

,')- s.sa,ti 6 ot

t L 6'O

td

/' {otu'ru lJ'1Jl

<'r,J

ur

+Wt

,,il.at ,'i,!,.d,!'',d"t?,45E.46 /,Ji""'431

{*
53 4 e'r

ri'- q

nlJ'.'t

,I'ti -r6{--tt,tt,!Zt td/' ,! o*4)7ttlJ4\l|


6

."ct"a

irj,t+'4qs.o7 :6 r! ecd

6v,J

L/t?{{nti'-

-c-'isa.gz'ti

nf!'a
ip,

ilt'+,!/"t

i,rr:t

t{a

,Jin,)t,u

/-

a'o'l h

u,Lct t,,t

ilh

rt 1,g

td

{' {

otu,' 7t'

/)' I

t)t'2& Jrary/t6''

tt!

tt

rlt l,'u.

+,,itz.to,'i J 4f',"''4sa ea "iJ


-+',h.as,t.;66/Jvr nt"'ir.ss'i6 tt'

i196)

lJ"t

r
,r,

r,,.t

-/

v.-,J,e,!,2

zr t G c(6

t*

/' t! tu''c /')' + t


ct

41'4ss.et't';'! Jtt6,t J r+f{i''-Wc 4J-7'4ta

rs'ti{ 0t'+'
nl),a

jbcit tl,\IrtL*vt-l ,''l ttt-' { s)(*t=t*firyJr

,i ( t)l6 c)fu'., '/'r '.r t)tt ' t/ {1tt '- a Lll|t "y; t') {
J-/,,t '&ta.ca ,tJ{s(*,-rtLr {'/64"'ara ez
-z- -d-34

61 tt.o0

rdJ"r
,!o,It*,!"t,,e it,,!rt{f #/' t! s(t')'.8f')'4 tt|
:o
{,.{6.,',:zr.st'tn,! ttl &'-t tt \- ( {,ttt'- + + tb uN 6
--,t-ct.ss

,';JI-d"

.'irc'sz

'i

'!1"'

r4J'+
gt J,1,a1;r,

uuo 6'.){l

,!J6.')-zz.ot

"iIttl6

r?,5

P1n t

c)$h ' '!tr'

-c

fJta Jl

\/t?
Yr /'/
']

c\'t 6'9

{1e71

rrlJ,,t

/' {o(*''n 4)'zJt

4{,t}r6i*6ttlrlt;i
(
ltf
{ '.ty cth, 'arz ,} gr 1{ { + ct('t 6fi e- S 't o
'5
r

c)(A'rt?4 ? *.t-sl.4a,6 J vttoh'.tz "t'''i

-+".,;sa.gz,6,!

61'ti

-t*d
,olJ't

)t

.E:,,,:i

L,t1,r.',t,,r ts&ttfu'='tfJ'+ 'r'

\/+W,1ti.-7rr4!,g --/ Y,,r<rlt : Alw F I


()fu ytt'"i46ts'ti{ st,$'
tf6.
-tt,'1,,&o'ti6
ga,-r2

dt

-+,4zs.sq,6,g-d oh'

nfJ4
r.,b,.t 6,v

{ t) { Dv

Q, "'P t d

$ st,6

7,tist.at,t.,)
6 -F - dcttu, -tz

{6 d*'t' 7E lJ ry J

c'zt

tth:.tt & t/+Wt$e'?v*

-6

',-s1.53

'ti

'.16

c)(t4'

't'

-z- )433 .44

,t

{1s8)
rz.lJ,z

tt,'L|itd/' \t d(t''BlJ'k'/l
(t \. t,./i 5.38 i 6 ul 6 uU,,. r,J J 7 { {li /'t
(
i
t
u'a'l
z
fu
r,t
i,!,i
u.6
z-.4
-|{ct
- "''4
-

.- 7s'6v4
c)

.if

'

"

rtrlJ":
,Ja,o,J,t{r6'ir' J;r v! /,! ttG'-'e /J'-''r'
I
ol,J. sfu1' -tt L.t ;t7fut$'' ? rt tgr'6'
^;-as.ot'd
_- ^,.'_..6.92't;l U!5OC2'-tz 'l

rqlJ',:
7

rx

:,

ct

&

rJ, O

6 t! !;t

{ t t e' 6':) tl' = E {J' 1''t

a(t )rt?.,Aln.a4'tirf'!ul& afur'.'t''.t'ltTWtv'


st
--")-sq.at ,G,!-!-d e/',''s -E,i-zt

"t,!L/6

r'lJ'+

4{-lvlf'*t
{

,Ll 6.

ivAo'e

*/- ,! o(t'Jz{J'a\tl

ctfu' ?12 & Jt - +

{,,rt

'-

<-

'- a 6 tJ

26 o(t,-c"t";-g1 $,t;{9d34(t'\'rt' ti33

84

't;

{1ee}

nfJ"t
c- ) 4

) vz-' u Q- / v Ql { t d a' { c)h'

lJ' 1 ut

tz-(t!1tSe'
6 c)(t'rt?.'*463.07,6 { ct1,! ofu ''t t'.t'1
.
-. . ,r' .r. ,- ,
_1"'-27.69 )tti J'A O.t4'vl')r iS.ZZ,ti,!,.f

'

rrlJ'+
Wt

G.-,.FV

6,.1&

tn,,'r"f

t/td

ft

ctfu'art'{'J'att

cth' -tz 'i- qs.at ,t;6t)U6 c)04'r'r & 'Jt -t-- ^,!.zz.so 't' J-!'do(,'"=tr"t"'-33 81n")

rrlJ'q

o{lLl .x bt x*/- 6ttfut'-tti)'<lr


L'o"t
ct'v''c
+Wtti.-q
-t/&Jl
c)()t{ -tt '3o
ofu,-n .t'{zt as
r)(s4'

6J-d

"i'!'l't

-1

.4i!42 .3o

'ti

{2oo)

,rlJ'+
&!,Zs J

=tt'?

lt 4 6,v,j P

t{t * f' 6 dt4'

=tt

1)' 1 u' I

({tt-+

u U-tJ '? V U'tve7


tr432.30'12'AJl6 d5t1'f
d$a'rtz6Jtl-,
A32.30't;'JJl6.

',;Jo.ta,,jJJ-,/

t)t4

'

='tt "t"/e56

s2

'ti'! 9d'J $n'


rolJ'.t

i t,/i6,g,!ettc/'z;a{l i tdf' { r)h' <c/J'1 Jl


* e-"r-tg.zs,titt or6.oh4' <t?8 Jt(rrflri'- 7 a t
-

j-

50.7

6,' ;,J el'J o (

t'

=t

?.

rtf'J,+
O/;-.Q,h

:,! o Fz-

tu {-,!

dsxa'

-n /)' a

4,',ias.sa,ti { & ; 6btt d(h..'tr & \l?{{rc'' ?6'


,t.i { /;

Jltth,

-rz

"ta,4s'at

't'}

{ [t:'!'ioh'='t'
-?-4-10.76

{201}

rzlJ'+
)JE

t,/d, a.-

r,,t o

vd

{- r!,:t fu ' z

t l,)' z,t

Arc.sz,6 (oy6. afur' -E rt \J' ? {tLttt


=tt.
:7tt tt*i-rs.zs
-ds(n
'"2ts.at,ti{J

t}6

'' ?t)

o{6ct$n'

rrlJ'z
+ Vi

{ I L ) r d /' 6o h' -' t /')' -''t'


'6,!.-rJt,{ 44t dga'7tz & t/?({'ti1

/.- 4

6,-AJ'o 1)

'A.es
t)(A'*tt-E

a-

o(t'\'tt
zs,6{oru{
46t/)t'
',its

-7,/-t t.ot,6

( st r{ 4Y i-/o'v' z6o i'

nf)'a
.- a-,:

c.)(*;-c

v,l

rJ, c rJ

{ t et

{' ( r) (r4' I r lJ'' J


6Jl6 gftl rtt gt7({tti

c1 t t

-h1.^tiz2.so 'G

'

'1t

-.-,/.ca.ez,G6-!-d r)tu4'ytt"t aso 7 6',j6 u!6

42021

tulJ,,s

J,v.-itel t*/' '! rr04 'r|r /') '1"t|


;e.)fu -t?. E a,izz.ot ,r.i t! Jt! 6 r)ta' =t7 tl ,/|?{
-'"4za gz'ti{ ''{
rfu$.-7.,rN

nlJ'''.
6J,tt--

t,)

"

fik

-(,"ist.at,t'i
=c

;,9' ilr tu {' ( otu'.n lJ'+ vr


t! ol 6 d&a,

?tr,'l J

?ryr$'- ? d

,4zs.ot,,i,! J-dct(*,-tt ut')-zz.zo'ti6'-d6cttu'

tV 'q
t te/--,! s(*:78 f)ry;/r
;
'
t)ib{!16 d*4)rtti.rit -?((/6 4?& t}r(k)tia
t)'t

+)

OD;6,)' I 6,C 6

-.-'4s7.6s,ti,!,lb{ d& s(a'rrz'k7 Aaz to'ti

{203f

ioLoulo.r
!:4'"'eL1/

rjl,tLc),2

lz-uov,fzrl flt :
-42-t+rtv
t)'./

tv

Yt,f,J,t,A.-

) t,'4,fu{ D t Ir

4
nr--'io.as 4' g) g: ,1t ! u );t Z 1 c- )/ tl ,z.tt'
J,,r,! t,t' JU?. 10.s3-4,"r.e'! 7t' Jqt \tt )i:'v'2
ic,,r

"
(o,l t ?)Pttet'/,ytttutl

c.-r!;a-S ee1i-

vuh-r't e.vc."-?EvlL ,!,.1,5'c.:'/'!t


f&,i
'7>
x u 6,ft y, ul -.-c ltl,/,Y,1 6'C-- It,r G."t
-r

(204t

r)/
--1lv\l'y&6'Ot t\t'oa

It"t a
.r

o;& Jt!t4 )tt./. +)'/ lt 2.'t'


,l;ll'J i r''''1
g,a,! t,!r[ulz ?8.65.'.2,'/,e 6th i( t

,'t

-?

tt

f,J

/t!0.60 p,

:'f '! tt'u tl? " V c' 3 4


-' i " "- t,l' ;' f 't v' 4 t e''b :-o ?

6'a -'.i E,'t..

*,l f A

O' o

i&

84

v,

-t'tr)'fjEV

r;r/
-

cv

\\,y,,t

g,, t'/ 6J,c

fu,,r',t 6'g e' i n! cr i' I

t
,r-?,"i0.01 4, O)'.tJt!t4bt

,*.')'/

t)\

2rr'

it lz ao.e+i,,./,f{ t&'iqpt1,l" ii t-'t


tt,'r,,t 6,O.- i cJ oj'tJtl-,,',,ftt'u 4'' {'t a+t i'
ti (
{'J'
t
t.,)!'
t
e,i
u,
;,f
f
,/.;,f t 4
+,
,1,t,! t&'

h-

'

Lt

{r05)

z-?tV!\tdf&E)tt!t"tl(

6,v4)

r'! oi't
'/-t 'c''
6

'2

tlr

!i rfll(Childlees

Familvl gtlti' )ttJ

)r,/

tt 6t0 e' it

-?
+,

)' / 2r P
:'
s + -i-,,/,e,t i' !' [( 1 G | J't
z
s.
t
t'
l'
[t
S,a,J
ao
41 i,t,tt ,tt ,J,O e- )c & -.'f Jlt t,h t)l '- "t) '' s '8
i.,'' 1,'t,t-,4

o.s1 U

;ut Ui{tn t t;2

c-

!1.

Dh

-F

tr

'z.t,z.r- f-rlr!L/;l(childless

Familv)drrE

itot"se family)gr,rU )' "t 6,0e

i Ed"''Nt

ff;l(ct

t)

-r *

v) fz -t V!1,

{2o6t

o)t/
-?rv!t,y,.t6,'1,+ 6v,tt 6fie-,iv

ta-,1,1-4)40.24U,U;&Jlt"itt];c-)'/ut'J':'

l'[t lt
J'+ 6 ltttl(
J'a6

,)'Foitrtot'/rrot)e't''
4i../,f6i&rJttoat";t
tl,,,r,t6v,trrJ,C- i #-,f'f"'" '4 -a{''s augj'
,!,J,,,t,

6 v,,

?2.87

!,o.-' e'', /'j


v

u,

-*

"

c-

t'

tt

t&

-rne<te't:tl{y'
t)/

-?Ev+,f,J ,t*u

iF' ivz"'6'o'- ic

-"'/ t'.' P
\t
[ i|t d3(l GIltJ't)i
,j,a,! t&' [r-(2.12s.56 c]. ,,J,e
"'!"P ^'(l
il, in,, ,J,c-.2r d:'r,ft'btl .-,'vc-3 8a1=;-

e,''

1',t

t4.
-4-'40.46 4' ?,,;,J r/ tlt n b

,,t6'cc-;cd

c-

tJ

;'f '!U* Be.b:..', -LEVttt&orv

(207)

z)t/

-atlllfr.t

6:Oa.

lt-t $'t/('6 v:'

,t-1j-0.77 4, O;& lJtt )t.4..- )'/


J, r,!t&'r Jc

tt 2.'/'

le7u.oe",i a-Lir! 1&do,$r\6'r

:i::"r

J,o.-ir,,' 8'if J F,ii'/Jtt"u'i '-"t:'-s'att c'i'


.r 6rif*{F.d-;'f 'Jt t,t',./3 -u eave', '+Ev*tftt
-ttuev[dtY 't6'o.-,2c
A)t./

/'(Free

mixing)(rt, )6)vt P)

tf:t )t't )i(U"/u1'l

--r-'vrtty'.t6'o'';N

3
,t-.-,4o.aott,
,J,- 6 i' /''

Wr -

( l vf

ti: :t
t

tt

:1

:'7

O;8Jtivi't lr1

ttt'

o":'

5.4a.2.i-,,/'Pr{i* Jt+tdtl6't )i'>/'2

U1,

r&

;/ ft

uh

il

.-

"V

c" 5

99

c"!

(2oE)

th-*-t, qbr.r'r?cit\ 'f't 6,0'-,ic"tlF ree mixing)


ry*,1,y86'c.-;c',t tti;r :t'r;i(!', t)'" & ''/'!l

,),/

-+rvt\y,t 6 :02-i t':tc/et : tt( Oi'l

I
-t -e-,Ao.ts 4,C)G
J,,t

4!u r-/..-)'/

6i&t Jbir +2 28i-

'Jl6,0.-i

;'l' AQ 616 " ii'>-' t


)*,-ft || ?f'3 s41;'

,,.1,f $

,t6,g.-)c-t c,/c,)tt6)1,/&
turc./t, ; tt(

trt'.'P

oi,td';'/,!tt,u, -6 t"'r- | Vt\'y


txezvezt*tV!tv(t

{2oet

g,(9

(Problems)

n, v',.- Jw -

"+

Lt tv'! L llt'

' :t vt

L Lv

a.r'

J'{ J l,,r -} v-,uc'lult'tr { F( t;"p'


t /6r,t r 4 iv- tuv,'/ | ZtVJ't L h'itl'tuv'1 f
,,,J{7v"

r)

,,t

u!L"-e( ti i:,,"t/ [t,76 t-vX,4'IuJ4'Vc-+-&

lf (- th,,lq'J L'/.; -stv2;'t7/u -,4 LJ*ot"J':


L -, L t) Po ! 6 Jr' { o J{
,t- /t" 4' J lt r,' /,-r z-, \
etle' aa6ot-L
e )ttl,,,t -q,-,:/;',f1,'LJ-1
b

-,! z- v n b'i J r<6 v'! o " "' L'

J,," ji,,h Jr.t,J,t,,t't L,*O,/ "t c.tf


-

,!t

z- i-,/,, pu.-,!>,, Lv,.t

!,!'!'Fl6'o

"3'

L'16'

uv,J

(Dara),e

ro

L oll

"t't

ot-o'

je

6l

ftHJ'' 4'

a ", (t/ L

n'f'-E't'' rt "t'*tL i'04


r)t4t,t J'0 t"t),/.lth r-t't-qLi,JbL 2".'7'

L,5,e,,',''6,fn,,yt4;,f

,',1

z-v

;t, t;uttq, iffu'ug z-',/'J,o"

r!eiltl L ttftlt L ct'"t ;t

12101

L/& tA'(d'.h,,i t/2' a' )'tt,,t u! /,Y(!'\s

c)t

-Zls1

t/'l uEq,l,; tu'v' ;' + ; { o ti$ * ctt!+ t el 6 -l


{J\i'<-e',, r"'u''! l',1,o.-r/,t' /' - /'' JvL "t' ;
Jn 4 {t { } c,1t,,r1,5'n} r'.r6'c,! <,-t{1vc)'.FiJ'l
( L /ef v t'!'(
& 4v' 6 t -, rr i- i)'! l/-F q- av''
'?
,'

t)

,! Jw*-rt,

in! ;.i.-.iL ih,vl{{!* rV';'!'!t ;

-1-tt"; J6'A'!{y? Jtift)}b"ro/ol1?


'!

z-ul,l,c

(i a'o,!1,./!+'!rs n r l'!,J'o J'tv'.'


v

!6 Jt r,tt rPu! J-;..,t t J! L )-P L c)(t )'/t'*e'\t t L J

J,,l'cJ i w't,!1,./4

t{t.t,1'2Lt'

1,t{ tJ, J,t "'a-"!'c t't'{-(='s a''''t

ttll 'Ast se * ,!")t s sa "; '!L)lb{ 'J'e


{,J'e,!itJvzs.-zt',r7,J'9,!i r'{d)7'!Jvzo'za

!7

Jt; t,,i J

(211i

t,,t;JJizvl,/ Ct,-9..-,''i rl',!,4 s2-ot 'ti{oh


J'!z-"'p '! oG'
it
6,c,!
4,'t{1Jvzs
'sr
-,2r46,t'!,e t l" J.vL L' le,'t Lt' {'vt'i"t J'v{''t' 6oh'
vrz

(t

c)(A'yt,

+;L z-dtrL Bet i )t"'-7"/tl{


:t-l-'a1J'tJ Jl )'='r 'tJ) vU J'/'
lE Li.- ('?t { olr L')t "Jti
6 !6
6s * r- 1.,' v { tJ'o 6 o n')v2o e'

N{ft)tu1,y8 A28.46
,! r)(t,

=8.457

4 o{1 Jvzs'zt !'!z-t' { ""'


v'1 6' o t!'-t { ) J v zo
fi
.a t -i r,t i,t h, - t t- r * *'
'4
l,!,! ls4 f irzv-u, e' L :vL tt4rr' t i't 17- {'- t " I
426 't +

v'vl{

6'o

c)

,,t;-t

rI(*

t|,o,!/r

{,th

'J'C

'!l,l'l'i/'9

{Jv zs

-+Vivx6'0'JJ)'!Jvzs

q,

z,r z

da v'1 a,e,!,! /1,! J v zo -

n Jt 4

4,,\)4'r6i'! l'!l'L'!iizv-y t.-f' 7iu-'="f


ite' t tl- t' ctt.,,! )l {!a-{r-'7 I L z' -" " i " u(
t

42121

4y inrJ,cJl,! zslzt {- {,!,!l!';


-

.-

Jp

vt-,

/-'

r,lttt" 4 q 4"

l{4

v'{'J' a'!'! I {-l J v z s

tq,,y;,,f {.rJiz-v ('"otf ,{t-

:l

u6'a

i+ i n ft o,J,t,o,J', z--,,1s{ft-ry vy.,Jg v'r{ 7 d


i tt'J r)l'0 Jb L nJ l"!;
e.1t c.,, J3..- f,/ 1- i'
"V
jta i,,, d{ o tu,' n. v [cl'4'J'v ! 6 ]i t -f"ua(
-

:,,

,>,r,,t

e,t

)t

z-t L 6,v,! ;

n+t

! q.. d ( ol,Jt -,f

J.a'L cth,-tzd-{ttt.-',45a.48'6{ttt,'rol z*1o

i'

*.v !0.,.(ir Lt*tL g.v;4L)L:4'aLl'.lt;4!<- !

,f + t,.F o', r, " A - ) v -'-t - q zEg'.t -"t"'


.

rt''(&

z-

--j)
J,t i"JV 1"!)1=.c- J'v J 4 |\Jr.-1"J: J !/1J '|4
-ej

{!6 (q |6" Jv4"-r Jt'it t Y.v|/t'{Lv +t L'$

a,

{2r3}

,2ltllAeLJ| 1r+t,0&t

O{p,$a4&!ttt 6fi {U4

Lu!f1 { ain : 7n."4 t't.ss fi './.t'21z 6 ii't (4 L {o


&t/*A L 4 4 J- d--.;) &f 'tr'L tr "r'!l';'f rJC
{ g(at7te 2o'rL,'h- vlt)r +t ntL "fLlt'tr &1t I
J.'q+6',tt,Yl( .urg.t/t ut6'o{ u0 ilvL Lt'
4

A$

+tP,vvG

Jr'L,jtlltLb/L51s243{
-u!

{214}

Conclusion

4ftf
,

,S't,,t'la

vtJt"'

Lb

t!

J qt &,/V

e.

tt+ =,(

Ll

-!,

z-$L

)v F/)

r.-u,'t ;fis

c.li t r, ;,V. A.c o tl,,t v./,f v


,1>,,,,

'o)'L

o.o

t'J' h ti a- v
v ! a. a- 6' V( f
'J
"2
fi
CPu,t,-t i9 n tfut,, -,2, rf'r 7 O'n'i a'r'J'a'J ct <

6P-',

-iv

rl

L tJ'r2'p'"8 nJ'li U 6

t "y: r o { 1+ I'o

;,l.Zw,J.t,, i, in ;5,r; Otst; g' ; lt

t.-

au

t)t t

o't,:'

t/ ? J 0 & =?

ctl

Pl,,' i',t -7" !"i t,' : e''e LJ'e I' it''(

,! -vDo-t,L ot;

), i ;.!{ iv i'0,-19 t 1'! -

tP Lf

c)t'r

]$'!' z r 4
i1
"4
o,,t'!g, { l'i'1.' 6r & Lv*L otv Ji L :e o'r-'
"t,ta
iq / Lt
6n,/' d2- rt',tr +, -[;.-':)t'c'- 4"'f4'J a "tn
,J

o,,.tt i [;

tt,' )a

6 t,4 Jr,h i''r,

"1

ft'tf,zLctt{a ! '/t t,z '-tu d61'!" Pi "


zi- LAf lqt6 4',tr i,4 L'f (t?tQ-/"4 -'/)'tz- c'r1
,1ue,54t

-,L -,',9-"

of''' L't's 4 i-

{21st

gA,o.- z
t

+L

6,c

4,j f; 7J'f,a4tx" utt-v a' z- I

v -f uq. - ot ) +-) vL J I t/'''t v/


/
a;
t

f ,it' i' Ct o' )' t t


c-LrJ,AJ7,'y;fu :zce',,e-v '['fJJ!"' it' Ju'
t' c
i tu -F s.'i, t,, 7 ;t'p'4 I n',4 !, i P' i vt "t,t 0
tD
2-l L.t: .'s L J,, Jt q J0 6/J,21 )'t 8i & Jl'|
,,r,J,o.-,i

d-

;, f Ir

t,

!7

<

'!

,,t7irt.st,6,!

*, a

o'

so'ti
'4tz
-? j-7.6s'ti\t6/\./vl

ir,,tti & 01,e,: r)t? ,E+

)'/.?tUttlfu! t)t;

',) , tt,tr

6fte-,itl?fz-'fr'u

h
h tJt /lil i eliir,lr x :ate?
'tro&*,/
6)
,
at!'!)!1
iun{ -:t, I L/u" .t. tF etritity) i, t t{t i + iV l "Y;
)

't

ea

p { L'/'xtr.- a'!lu!: $'J s


[.:
"7 "tz"
J'tf te2l'- [-'tg + t)u'' (6* .: t"z,i Ut,r& +v
+v jlu',1 t)t;7-F7rX' J,t: Jr 5J1z- J'r=:. <- 6', J'

L o,'r,/,-

1216f

*,.t .-;v!?i;tu\J\tl,

,J,u

)L

6,c-;

El-

ll

u0 ue"t,!x46lt 1u {t s: *L,J'O'-t o{1L11'}


(n l1,tl 4,tt7 )t ( L"|&'t'9 11itbL6'ti
,,-1,.t/1,,t
t!tu '/f v
(,/rrt(x
e4(l+4'{str/'J,O.'7'y.-}
-,2
ct

v i lct,t a"

-'t{y,.t 6,ol,.t - )

t'i'!u

,!'

i,,,!acl,!

"''!'''n''{'tt"e
J4,!e4!tu,i; r,1t"t(/'tvt'J't; {rft

i;,!-)v-

Ftu r/vv( 'i'!oi'J't)t Jrz-;v"l

-J-v
Lr,'!oe 'tir''rovrl'et'licrtr
lvk"''- "rt
z-vJ6;{-ivt r,r ;s fe'- ttt.lt +9c vt& 6'\i;tv
{,,t

z-o!; {

11t,

e-

tltlti- 6,ti)vt (}'t' rJte' 17t "t -'l


1

-7(n 0,/uiJ',:r.t-)v
,J,i.dt iP-+,t'V,!

-J

VJ 'Ir-"t tf'ft, -gtS

,J/,',: -! v
-

t! A\VT ")'t-i6"il
u

* Y'r/''!

/t

-l'?tb t

<217|

Dl(LV',e( Jtr,)v6?t6,. r,,)'fis '.t 6'UiJ'


-,7 ,!n;ti {{ i{"t,16-2u:,J7J'd"t;v''is 'J'i
j
F
(g
- 7y,r, :t i,i .- 1 I U d t v1t'trt, :1 ;- ) 6'z'
r

{218)

{Rscommend.tionend Suggo.lion'l?tg"t

:/'G"t,rhvAGgL

eV)U

[Lg& ilLf&)v

o'1

Ft)

-6,)t'.'2rq iv,!&l'
r)i,,7yi1!7" i,vluJJL gLA'o,!.ir -l
o,J G,,!,V'r'l ,'q'r ,r 'Vrf4LX-q'L-V1)
Lttte
,,1 tJ ev ot"l"6'JcLV{4r6.-)}46et"
2t6

--V,-F:1,' Jt,-'vv6$

iv d,

Al'

i,,"+,,'

i,rt;,!L t!+rq

utr'

:, 1'*1v'2!

"' i'/!;'!'! U
:)14"+dJ;,-ts i,,"'!,tt+9 i"-'tti6t '6 "*t
df i'"Jla''t'lS,tG7tv!!4 t/ (L rt1lv1-'h + )?
y8
t 4 6,tf tu:,Jt y'-trr-.tt'r/,/'Ltv'a4L'-)v- 6u
qf c:- + t/"a"! z
+e V,/,, vtrtl l r ttJ,o6
c:4t,:,trayretti ( Af+iU,J,'i< i'rr

?'

{21e}

( ,7ilt,.tL.t!{b L,te.'L'J'v,! /tdg,t'


i UnOVti4"t r)nt)Y)J uict,i.Li{ {) s'u'}/ /'7
jt,td,l

{.., u.''t,lt O : "t - 19

t'/t/'t; {stt''! /'- t-'


t

urt

t'.'J{
i/
+y
4'tv
6.?,,J+V
"ta
}"
3 - d,1 t /,1 lv,Jt ( o),/t,J'/6'c { 6 l'e L'>t
lel,tr,r 1,3,.1,J,

-r)!tn=V(

LV!.:<,!L

$\I

t'/'1t- 2' i6;

4 6'oGf{rv'

( !t4{-,( (ti?{J: -t-"+'i6J'Cetl''uOt'l


lL)y7 i" pt,! LF :.'d e'tV !tt! z- 'LJ'e'E'tt e'
a'' * (
ti' t'.h
v+t
r
{t
;-,t
r"i
la,
"
r
+,/
4 i',
"!'t'
\tt

e"1: t:'tt 6
"
4',t 7 2 ) 6 t!6"' qt t 6,tt-6 r-! f4' lL
{g:t,,r)r.- Jr ur q Al* 1tl 112' -' { sy"l i z-u {'rf' zi

;St.-t

i,

tQ -, )t/,J,v"t'/t''')'1'-+tu iiJ g,t, - ;,,t 7 ir rf v -/'' i; 4 1'* iv''J'r' -'s'.'t


-<-V4t4 tlVl

;;z-u{L/t

{220)

,s, J,v,,t i-v { a +-11i)y'"t

r' {tvr
"'

es

6"/.,! -f
,LV,!

It
e''Lu'cJ t''
(0. qi1&,4-,,-f '>tr,6lt6o7 4 irL'tt'oJ
s''l/: J l''t *n ; -'u
6r,t 6qQ.,,f,tJ 4t) lr'cv,)r' ;7 tP
,J

vn

t' i +',,,1,

t''i

i- vlL l,{'{'t -"' 6 o'

tv,
"
4 jt/.t r't1A,' ) 1L+t J J'v l4't, + + aft';v(tt ''l' =' el
-,.8

uz

-'r/t'' 'Ja"t"'
r

rt on'

6v,'?t: 4

Jt

?.

r-e

"r

)ry

L')v t( 1

.- J'v',r J.v L t itr a's,1 v /t! "i''/ +9 {*' ct" 2 A'V


:t' z "t'1'/
ivlter-'ft g;,t tJ, la'! L /6'v'J t) l"'
r

.t ),trct,,,* L rl, rl./*,! rtt,,,,t L

- 7,,!r,t.//g;

g-'r'/'

,',t/''F

./ri,/,!,vu,,t!, ;l - "t,,i

i',t
q

rl

',jt/''

i'l

e -2 {L
/'t

{t' t

'J+9
L x A e,! o"/' " J q/: JJ t)'
',

it

gJl

fu-a la ci $vr {-,',,} 1v'!{ dn ras c)'v'J rFL


vc,4 z-/'!,!'r, J4v,,' Ln tq L/'y1 z, dJ! { "1 +

{221)

inl Ertrl qY ?tvc)]s2?r!''t/6'h-rltilJtft'h


t x ezt o,v"t(,t * L /\ttv"L'J'V'!
e7

<'t .-

,! o,',

1 t1

c.-

1'

Jtx t&lc

t'

L, }.-,,t

(t''t,' !+
"

J'' &

o'; i,tp'.-t'! u'l' d' t't6'{


t 4/{
t
- <-v tt t, lLlr,,tt & -)v

z-v,!

o,,t { L.y /' c tt + V rf ,.tz'


r

r,f tft" ; o"':r lA'e

d--,lt Jr94,tf'fi'|;,t1i/,J+| lJ
L,.t-;v ii{J'e1 ut{--& ,/+-"r 6'r?'[oatt
,*

.-

chicf,:/6,tJtetl-e';c i;' 6';[ .-]v"t )t;tt"i'


,7/,! i-/'r:',/ .da- $u &r,t;r 6 bvt L,1'e,' q 61' :r
,tt

f6,ir; i'l',f

:-/'-dt/ltu,t'- ; (

stsv

"t

L/

l, L 6.c;+iv,,J'litt;.644- 4,t(1116'0&J*L
f0,,) ?L tu' e* t, t6,,-tt; p a iv l,r{1 6t e e.t )t)
,f- - -y,rrs,!lt: ).f'rJVc+rn'o /ttJ'JVrov't
,,t

-,I LV "

\222'

z-cvtt,zi

iTst'nJtlat/1L$:tt C=.
,.t J

a'cf'

.&tt(,J,vlla-,f,ftr'i"*'v

-t{ o 6, n e- }

c ct

t",o

.q1'1-"
_( ,L1 Je-zL,s,,,

if t:i /- 6' 7

I'

la

/'J' o

z-c't it)tt) I | 'J I


.'-tr'f,
6l';iJ{r1
'//
lt r)\,O2-6t
-

zLU,'./,,,.f''-t

-'

L rJ,t,-iJJ,,,':-v J":

ct

sn

4t v

"'

6 "/!v i /" A t /''

J";i.f$ lL )!.-'-l'J(zJ'

J'LU
t )vLctt,,rL'/ O,t{',.-r|'r;i 61u1Dlz-6t / t/
'-17,*ty'at*",,.y't
"-S-)

.t:t,', -n.PJ

vL:ert".l'!v'l-

d
'

-G,l :J vi'tJ,'tJr

'/rJ 'a

CtJ

7b

\t

& ' )21J


|

/a'+

L'/i,L 't{tLlz tr '-' -""1 -'


os)!.-'b'it p-'on

AU Jt"b't
ai/Pft)t-uatt/,,r(N
c.t c)'vtl LL1L'r 79L/(' *6')"r1t'irin:ctf

i,1./1 {" }6 J=ri,,U't;u-t,,-4,,:b


,J,Ott2

tt,it

t)tn JtltJ: Jt"tJn

r( Ltt!"Js.b t -,.1t*-v&-l'& z't L't't!'''

{223i

,t Jt;ta"q?"t'.tcr: 4J u"J

ur&

7t,,'ft

fe

"r't

-q7,* ..v ui' L$Y

/ t'r/GP 6 !v"t'tu
/c)t Q e.r/, k nt &/,-'k 6 I J

-?.,.t *L,.fL YL6'gc-

k',|/,tt

qt

phs-/
L',2-t
'"-

"J+9

,l'rr/

)'tJn

,f,! y,t',, '-/ o"t Lr"l 6'c'! /cJ-

Je',e'Vt|)vt r)()"tLi c)tt) '?"1 J

L,J,c l,J,e,' J t -,1


-

4 d /,

?L

rz

qt

y''f-"',

j
a, ; r y Y(;

/:,8

t'!-

"',/

tA

4./rt

L/,fv d.lJ+ tfo i'vlt 4 i-/'!lvL6'0e- / c -r'


DL
tt-./:6 lt, (,! l/.-,, ;,r /"Q v {,t )t'i Li t' 6t ot'
r- ( u t
- - 6 v,,1,,1,V,! n L,S,e
1

i'|tr
r,-/t

t, {! ) lt -". ur L,1't t'Q t 6' " {' - t


!. <- cl 6urt rll rtz-rt'J +tvt"f/2'L{o}+

i E,,t

z-i

ft

1-c i

ta

! t, 4 N,,a7,.i-",tv v",/ tu 6! 1l ut L

ur

tL

t'/

_i._vtr,,l

,!Joe"L'J'e&r)dl

[,i"zd

1998

1981

5.97

62.40

68.37

4.32

u.82

69.14

1.46

67.77

6.34

63.31

::

JL3I
69.65

18.09

Division
Sourcer Population census organization statistics

Goverhment of Pakistan, lslamabad

lLlty

1121,

)b)tr

",tv 6r'1pr/ $/vLDng,

$,C-i

r'

:ft(vI
.*(Y1
,40/o,v,

D.

o'Jt4'/t

d.

,/'C'3,

a.

o|4it

c.

4'1b..
i*6brt6a1

f.

,,t6,cl

.12!/6(

D.

06tO

t+{8,, 6,A&\)9!trLrt[

(rft)l't'-i

b.

tJn4'!t:

-l
2.

s.

a.

,1

a.

a.

,qvt;{ o.
t?r,6.?4 6,ceiE IJVL zU
ot a,
,.tg a.
t?utrtSt{ ds.)$'C-,iE &.JU'LaI

gtut,

c.

t/

a.

6.

42251

\ 2'

tt\)t

i ?,'p et O', c)v.'LJ'O- ;


tVri{

t,-t JV L

7i

,!;:'u'& b 2rltlt

)?ftr
rattt4-,,V t)tt.,4J'a-;al o0'jJVL

7'

c'

=i{ I

o(r6t c. Jr'ft!& a. tL:*t*"v


e?(rv(

a'

t'*|t!{1&J?LYi

] c. J,uf,w o ,-fL -n

l!,vLt,,nz (t4( ;?,J 6'ott o{\.tSgL=r'{ rc'


l-trttrl"tll

-E-d c. ,.la t.

ll

a.

t7i',=vta'o$,.4iJ{L=i
'! l,'tt

r'

.
'!tss{
c
'.r,f*l',vav6 a'o
t,4 5*.v{ tt'c{!{\.ir\r1 n.
n.

JL3O-26 c. Jv25-21 b. Jv2O-16

Vd .-v'1a'c,!ol1rr/7ur rr'
Jr4o-36 c. Jt35-31 b. Jv3o'2s a.

q22a>

t,!, O'o,!/c O'c(5,./'1 ctfu'iz-u{ri


Jr35-31 c. Jt3o-36

t7,',,:',t

!,,/

att.1Jfiz-

Jv25-20

;t'JJ{L-i

3!V't b. ;!L'7 a
t,f ', in-?c{!6{Jv)LlvittJt}L vi
e.7,.i c. e.'/i a ,N6f) a
$suG&t e. ttP& a.
:rty 4, -t1'"{,!1 ;< JV\J ViJ'l Jt;'L'"i

^ilcrJ

-q

re

15

c.

-,:t4f'

16.

I 7.

6.

ft)ttG&] c.
t;gEn:y;4,./ et )r-2L6fi{,i t,,t,)riL=t $.

4>'/ b.

a+d o
I

r:

4'./

4ti"

t't -td {L 6'0[l td Jt]L -t

t s.

ilbJ.a

vd"oru i4'iv2t!/-6'06 /r''tJt;L-1 20


6.{t/L''

b.

ir't;,',,Ijtt'tcti

d.

tt' ttt

4227'

t,!1'1,

"'+

a,- /v-

u1J.

tl'a 6z c,.t JtL

vi

016

b.

{
a

l"V{
|f6 b. Jl a.
tz-.tcts -,{.1 l':! !.zJ :tuY i<'J 't{J{
t7J",'t:t,)( 0b,.rur'AJuL4&

J.d

raa(it,.t

J-d
i

r,,r,t'

t/-t

r)l a
U!6. b.
J'oJ r{l/':t1 o'tE

".

'J'c,!'*/
c.
'.86 b.

L', )' 6 ;

4'! J i t/'t )1I

ol
JV

21

22

zt

24

a.

L yl tlt

25

?cJ6t(J'0a

-!.d ". 'fe a.

r)l

e?t(;c&6'a ,!;; ilvtFvr

za.

drt b. ol a.
tx3+re.&tt't0{ .)n .lv( r"t).-i}6 cpt'rt 27
..

.-e-d .
t7r>6.v{t

,-C-d c.

J-3 b.

Jt e
)i.vI,"LO1JT JVLvi{

,l,S a.

0l

a.

28

\228'

rt

e; ttu,

t(, vt 6

fi 6o {)'! ir* 6ll'{


r

,lg u.

Jl

zs

a.

Z'{
rr a.

t.-tue'*c)'v&6'0[0p

so

-t-d c. ,./,J t.
6 .-;v VC}4 ;ttt $fioy a-'a&)gLrit-t sr

'

t?.-4ttL/P

J-d c.

,.EA

o.

rl

a.

t7,(z-)v $71<-)v1'h/

J-d

t66 b.

c.
,:z-u

-!-d
tq

c.

tl

a.

L* -r,0,s'jJVLyi t{ $.

,.ts n.

ol

a.

Lncaro'v&Lb.ft'L tOL)t LJVLzi{

-r-d
J-d

c.

c.

32.

ol a.
ude a.
t+ ('!,zsal4':'ca ("t{
'.dt1.

a.

r)l

ll

s5

t+=:( ;rrt g{ettft,l .,,)L( ,r't{

,Ai b.

34.

a.

za.

(22e)

Y6,QilL/ 7,!;;{/,./t1v'

,//:Jt
qt

b
'i
".,!;;,!

6b')'

st-4{r(L/6'O1 }v'.tofl"c JtrLyi {


!?uLJZi

.dJ b.

-r-d "

rl

-*,! ot' .. -4,!'l'tt' b .-4qt a


?d",:li t'.t$'o 6ft'.r elt/
J-{ ". ,16 b. r)l a.
tz-=r( ;c& 6'o,.e.iLtJVL yi{
r+ -r' (6'oc-

,./,J b.
((childless-Famiry)c/

ul

J,na,!r ;'t:, i! t8 JttL

ul

J-d .

o.

J!

40

41.

42.

a-

tc )' n6'O6; E'.t JVL ri

,.Ea

3e

a.

-i {

ta&

38.

qt i,r.,z'!,./ 6'c/ ofiL Aj')?L=1

J-d c. ,l,l a.

zt

{ 4

::l
a.

i23ot

ebv
"

j'tL6'tt"t1c-\t'v Jv d;Lottt i",d)t,7l

1.

-qrl,'l134tr'-tsst
-,'4tt t!',,t,*/|Oi,c)-o:' gt tji", ;ivcrt""it
6,' r fqt a, rce t," gi / | !vJ-r4r. i);,'?
- t t /4 J | ) 4 t' L - 6''8u.,
"

clqvu t :,r++,

2.
3.

t;' I "Jf'S)
-Lt/,,:)dt tt Mc.S ttd :r,".

965, J't*" 6 tv I

"

4.

t)

*),I Ai,U,--",1 ti i ", iw

-,n t,t )t,,1,

l )ry jpt

w-l

5.

tv. d t

6.

- g nt",,g. {t r, r

7.

-,t tI i",!,*Ai ji. rcsa,",a94' )r'-e"',!,f, 7,

-, 9i ft

gt t,r,

"

-,xt,-Q -Bq / ,s--,"{''16a"'+v,P


t1n,"'. (
- &, i t Q' / +.1- V.
"

l'

"

- t1t /, 1 7-

,',',

/-6,'2's--"

c)

t;;j..'li"'

t/:",Y.

(:/7

",

-6, 67 : 4

.t':ct i 't' .."<

10.
11-

ra

-etrJ9,,t;r,
, otr,) rt, r':'g_
-

"1/

;.'2.,1

4 -fu., J V, 6

E{'

:73.'

\., i'

t z.

r "'2.t2't lv t',' + *.ra u.

vt

15.

<2311

3t

sr,rcqr",i;,ri)i

17.

iJ't,v J"'J,7tun,{

18.

-6,'/,,i,1'(
- &,./,
,,r

; - *,,1 t ! -!*., J V,

t/-(-y',.

;,,,,,

v
1

t,,

n"

r!
i J v "" r' e-,. -Q

o*-',

- ".tu r,, tt,|

t6

t/

1"

".

j' &
('li(t?t))r4lJ l"'11
,fJ.,rssr. 1a &r,,n( lkr)td-', -V

r..." g: i, 1 di i6 k t rtU, +,:", et|,)-v


t

-,

tt -

Ja,f

f vav JrJu' z+,s, Lr J- rtt,


-

l-t - J -a -/, ai /t

t,

c)tz r,

Lt

6,"

20

2',1.

22

-tl.'t" "''l 4' -'b


es,' 4 *1 rl Jh'' -)-. i

25

&.i

26

_J,; t,:4" ,,xOS, , :v,,

, rs7

&X r"

q'r' &'j!q't q'r"v'"


-

tl,4' N-", rh lV, 6 D,

tj.ji,'11, lt,nd e *,"CALV.", -4; iljq,

-q1:eiv'-iv,J

24

27

24.

t'

j', (,b.

o@6

/7-ttttr,',i;t -.7"\ (tvt( j$t 54",a',/'6tF


'64't"tLv t'c)t/t5a "o.

- (t

qJ/ rV t

-r-! -,tq^\ O,rr\' U''),''

31

CLtt
.aa

4232'

BibliograPhY

1.

Encylopedi of Sociology, Vol

3t, Macmillan Publishing

company, New York.

2.

Hatt, and Goode, W. J; (1952), "Medthod o Social

Research", Pg.492, Mac graw Hill Book Company Inc,


New York.

3.

Lockes< and Burgess, W; (1960), The Family' 509'

American Eook Company Co. New York-

4.

M. Kephart, William, (1961), "The Familyt Societ and the

Individual",88-244.

5.

Thgio, Alix; (1996), "Sociology an Introduction", 453,

Harper Row Publish. New York.

6.

Winch, Robert; (1957), "iranaige nd the Family'',492,


Alfred Knojj, New York.

7.

Young P.V; (1952), "Scientiic Reearch and Scientific


Survy'', 2-3, Engle wood; CliG Prentice Hall.

Young P.V; (1955), " Scienffic Social Survey and


Research", 9.177, Nw York, The Ronald Press
Company.