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Types of Doctors
1. Audiologist this is a doctor who handles problems with hearing. These doctors also
help hearing impaired children learn to communicate.
2. Allergist this is a doctor who helps with allergies. Any allergies you may have, such
as, hay fever or asthma will be checked out by this doctor.

3. Andrologists- an andrologist is a specialist doctor that helps in diagnosing and

treating male reproductive system disorders.
4. Anesthesiologist this is the doctor that helps you to sleep through painful
operations and medical diagnoses. They are responsible for administering the
anesthesia and be present during surgeries to help in complications arising from
anesthesia medications.
5. Cardiologist a cardiologist is certified to treat any problem dealing with heart
diseases and cardiovascular diseases.
6. Cardiovascular Surgeon this doctor carries out surgical and invasive techniques
dealing with cardiovascular diseases.
7. Clinical Neurophysiologist this is a doctor that diagnoses any problem dealing
with the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous system with the aid of
electrophysiological tests.
8. Dentist any dental problem from tooth decay to dentures are handled by a
dentist. They also treat any gum diseases and oral defects.
9. Dermatologist this is a doctor that treats any ailment related to the skin and its
appendages such as hair, nails etc.
10. Emergency doctors these doctors handle trauma and emergency conditions in the
emergency room (ER) and are available at all times. Emergencies treated may vary

from poisining to broken bones, burns, heart attacks, concussions, accidents, traumas
11. Endocrinologist thyroid problems, hormone problems or any problems with the
endocrine system, is handled by an endocrinologist.
12. Epidemiologists this is a doctor who specializes in epidemic illnesses which are
highly viral. There are more of scientists who identify new diseases, virus mutations
and develop cures and modes of prevention of diseases with vaccinations.
13. ENT Specialist this doctor treats problems with the Ear, Nose and Throat. An ENT
surgeon would be a specialist who will be performing surgeries on these parts of the
14. Gastroenterologist a doctor for illnesses related to digestive system including the
common problem of gastritis and acid reflux.
15. Gynecologist any problems with the female reproductive system is referred to and
treated by a gynecologist.
16. General psychiatrist any person with mental illnesses such as schizophrenia,
depression and anxiety problems is treated by the general psychiatrist.
17. Hematologist blood and its diseases is studied by a hematologist.
18. Hepatologists this doctor is responsible for diagnosing and treating diseases of the
19. Immunologist this is a doctor responsible for studying everything about the immune
system and treats any diseases related.
20. Infectious Disease Specialist an IDS studies and treats disease caused by viruses,
bacteria, fungi, parasites and will identify outbreaks of epidemics and pandemic
21. Internal medicine specialists these doctors are responsible for diagnosing any
illnesses and managing them with nonsurgical treatment. These are usually unusual or
serious diseases.

22. Internists these doctors focus on medicines related to adults and have special
expertise in the areas related to the prevention and treatment of adult diseases.
23. Medical geneticist a doctor who is responsible for testing, identifying and treating
patients with genetic diseases and disorders.
24. Microbiologist a microbiologist is a doctor who studies the causes, diagnosis and
treatment of infectious diseases where microbes are involved.
25. Neonatologist a doctor for new-born babies, premature or critically ill babies.
26. Nephrologist this is a specialist doctor that treats kidney diseases and renal
problems with treatments such as dialysis.
27. Neurologist this doctor studies various brain disorders, such as: Parkinsons
disease and Alzheimers disease.
28. Neurosurgeons these are the specialist doctors who carry out surgeries on central
and peripheral nervous system diseases and the brain.
29. Obstetrician this is a sub specialization in the gynecological field of study and
handles various aspects of the female reproductive system, such as, childbirth,
caesareans etc.
30. Oncologist an oncologist is a specialist physician that diagnose and treat cancer
patients with drugs, chemotherapy, radiation and where needed, surgical interventions.
31. Ophtalmologist this is a doctor that treats eyes and various eye defects, blindness
and performs different eye surgeries.
32. Orthopedic surgeon - if you suffer from arthritis and osteoporosis and other bone
related illnesses, or broken bones, an orthopedic surgeon needs to be consulted.
33. Orthopedist broken bones from falls or osteoporosis is treated by an orthopedist.
34. Primatologist if someone is having a high risk pregnancy, this is the doctor who
should be consulted for special care and treatment.
35. Pale Pathologist a doctor that studies ancient diseases.

36. Parasitologist a doctor that is responsible for study of parasites, their pathology and
parasitic diseases and treatment of these diseases.
37. Pathologists specialist scientists who are doctors that study abnormalities in living
organisms and study DNA, tissue, blood and other various human and animal cells.
They are also responsible for performing autopsies on dead bodies to determine the
cause of death.
38. Pediatrician this is a doctor who treats children for any illness from birth to
39. Plastic surgeon if you are not happy with how you look, a plastic surgeon can
change your appearance by performing cosmetic surgery on you. A plastic surgeon is a
doctor that can transplant skin, muscles or change the structure of a face or other body
parts for cosmetic and reconstructive purposes.
40. Physiologists a physiologist is a life science doctor who specializes in physiology and
help rehabilitate.
41. Physiatrist the doctor whose specialty is medicine and rehabilitation of the body and
42. Podiatrists this is a specialist doctor who treats disorders of the foot and ankle.
43. Psychiatrists these doctors specialize in mental illnesses and will study, diagnoses
and counsel and treat mental illnesses such as: Bipolar, Dementia, Depression,
44. Radiologists a doctor who specializes in use of X-rays or other imaging technologies
in order to diagnose various illnesses.
45. Reproductive endocrinologist this doctor treats various reproductive problems
that include sexual disorders and infertility problems etc.
46. Rheumatologist a physician responsible for handling autoimmune disorders and
allergic conditions.

47. Surgeon a surgeon is a doctor that specializes in surgical operations and will have
their own specialties such as orthopedic, ENT, brain, cardiovascular, maxillo-facial
surgery, plastic surgery and transplant surgery.
48. Thoracic oncologist this doctor deals with cancer of the lungs, esophagus and
49. Urologist any urinary problems and urinary tract infections are treated by an

50. Veterinarian while other doctors are responsible for treating humans, the
veterinarians are responsible for the treatment of the sick animals.

Apart from these main categories of specialization, there are other lesser known
specialization areas for doctors. However, having a proper knowledge of these common
types of physicians is a good starting point.


Translate the following

Hay fever ________________________________________

Arise from _______________________________________
To be certified to __________________________________
To carry out ______________________________________
Deal with ________________________________________


Tooth decay ______________________________________

Dentures _________________________________________
To handle ________________________________________
Gum disease _____________________________________
Ailment _________________________________________
Appendages ______________________________________
To be available ___________________________________
Expertise ________________________________________
Ancient disease __________________________________
Purpose __________________________________________
Foot ______________________________________________
Ankle _____________________________________________

Give the English Explanation to the following:
1. Asthma
2. Concussion
3. Virus mutation
4. ENT
5. Schizophrenia
6. Gastritis
7. Depression
8. Anxiety
9. Viruses
10. Bacteria