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IN/OUT

Contemporary Art Project

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IN/OUT Contemporary Art Project
The first step of the project, which took place in the period 17-28 November
2008, involves a collaboration with six prisoners serving their sentences
in Timisoara Prison after committing extremely serious offences (Eugen,
Nae, Paul, Șumi, Alexandru, Florin).
International special edition - 1sqm CONTEMPORARY ART
This step consists of the making of plaster moulds of the inmates’ bodies,
which will later be used to make casts in polyurethane resin.

The aim of the project is the production of a monumental sculpture with


the direct participation of the inmates. The subjects of the project later
become objects whose purpose is to facilitate the relationship between Concept - IN / OUT
the person at liberty and the person who has been deprived of liberty.

At the social level, the contact between the group of inmates and the group Contemporary Art in Timişoara Prison
of artists is important in that it establishes a kind of communication that is Exhibition Curator: Andrei Jecza
understood as a re-adaptation of the inmates to the outside context. Artist and workshop coordinator: Bogdan Raţa, sculptor
Introductory course in contemporary Romanian art: Dr Emil Moldovan, junior lecturer at the Arts Faculty of the
West University, Timişoara
At the human level, each participant is separated out from the anonymous
Project realized by: Jecza Gallery ( www.jeczagallery.com) in collaboration with Timişoara Prison, by kind
mass of inmates and reclaims his individuality and self-respect. This
permission of the Governor, Mr Ioan Băla
aspect is also reflected in the way each individual is perceived by the
artists: each inmate becomes a person with a specific identity, with a What the project comprises: The project consists of the organising of sculpture workshops within the prison to give the
story behind him and plans for the future. inmates the opportunity to learn the technique of casting, under the supervision and direction of the artist. The inmates
will make moulds of their bodies, will learn different ways of approaching contemporary sculpture and will attend courses
The polyurethane resin sculptures will be sectioned into two parts introducing them to the story of world art.
depending on the length of the inmate’s sentence and how much of it he
has already served. One of the two parts will be permanently mounted
EDITORIAL
Location of the project: Timişoara Prison
on the outside of the western wall of the prison and the other part on the Duration: Ten days
inside of the same wall.
Andrei Jecza Project Objectives: The project sets up a dialogue between two conceptual realities that are regularly
misunderstood in current thinking: contemporary sculpture, which is perceived as a form of expression that is
In this way we obtain an element which can mediate between the world
1 SQ. M OF CONTEMPORARY ART is set on providing an alternative exhibition space inside the prison and the world outside it. scarcely accessible to the public and prison which is seen as an obscure institution whose walls conceal brutal,
for contemporary art. The idea originates from the dimension of the unfolded newspaper, inhuman people, in most cases, without aspirations, whose state is one of permanent detention.
1 sq. m of paper, and from our aspiration of amplifying the contemporary art phenomenon in Project realised by the Jecza Gallery in collaboration with the Triade Art
the Western part of the country. Foundation and Timisoara Prison. The principal theme of Bogdan Raţa’s installation is the relationship between the desire for freedom on the
one hand and the fear of being deprived of freedom on the other. 
The current, fifth number of our newspaper, marks a conceptual trail that our gallery is set on
following.With every event at our gallery, we occupy another square meter of contemporary Project coordinator: Andrei Jecza
End product of the workshop: the realisation of materials consisting of: a contemporary art installation, the
art, so that, by the 100th edition, we will have a fictive space constructed in the conscience Artist: Bogdan Rata
work of the sculptor Bogdan Raţa, a film of the entire workshop interviews with those who participated
of our readers. The JECZA Gallery of contemporary art is dedicated to promoting mainly Assistant: Daniel Visovan in the project experimental work involving some new materials and forms of expression in contemporary
sculpture and tri-dimensional forms of visual art. Our vision is that of creating a platform for Photographer: Milan Nagy-Suteu Romanian sculpture
promoting contemporary art and an attraction point for foreigners interested in romanian Cameraman: Iuliu Theer
contemporary art. www.jeczagallery.com Description of the installation:
The production of accurate moulds of the bodies of participating inmates that are then used to produce
polyurethane casts.
The slicing in half of these casts and their positioning on the external wall of the prison in a way that
reflects the gravity of the crime committed by each inmate. The artist has opted for these halves of people
to be mounted on the wall most isolated from the public, that running parallel to the railway. The front
parts of the bodies will be placed on the outside of the wall as a symbol of striving for liberty, while the
backs of the bodies will be mounted on the inner side of the wall to indicate the failure of that striving and
the physical part of the man, which remains imprisoned. This dual positioning mirrors the contrast between
outside and inside, between striving and prison term.

By their transformation into ‘objects of art’, the bodies of these inmates become the symbol of a liberty that
succeeds in overcoming all physical barriers, whatever these may be. The very limited angle from which the
onlooker can view the work shrouds it in a veil of mystery that should have the effect of heightening the
curiosity that onlookers who are at liberty feel about the life of prison inmates. In addition, if the prison
should move to a different site in the future, as may happen, the work would remain as a symbol but also as
a reminder of the present function of the building.

Results achieved:
The ‘actors’ involved in the project – the project team on the one hand and the participating inmates on
the other – were, in the course of the workshop, placed in a situation in which they had to re-evaluate their
presuppositions, so that at the end of the period they found themselves the beneficiaries of an experience of
change.
Communication between team and inmates was successfully opened up. The fruit of this was 80 minutes of
interviews during which the prisoners revealed their deep, human side, a part of them that is not seen in their
everyday relationships.
By means of the distance that was created between the living model and the ‘object of art’ that was a copy of this
model, they were given a sense of the uniqueness of their own persons, self-respect, and part of the human dignity
that they had lost by committing a crime was restored to them.
A shared sense of humanness came into existence, allowing the inmates to open up about their secret aspirations and
feelings.
IN / OUT monumental art instalation
All these aspects are reflected in the materials which accompanied the project.
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Contemporary Art Project in a Prison
As we looked at contemporary sculpture as a form of expression that is hardly accessible at all to the Romanian
public and at prison as an obscure institution whose walls conceal brutal, inhuman people whose state is seen
as one of permanent detention, we embarked on a project which aims to break down the boundaries imposed
by the subconscious, both in regard to sculpture in our present day and to the human aspirations of people
who have been deprived of their freedom.
The fear of losing one’s freedom on the one hand and the desire for freedom on the other are the main
subjects of the sculptor Bogdan Raţa’s installation in Timisoara Prison. His work sets out to create a connection
between the free citizens of Timisoara and prison as an institution – an institution which by definition evokes
great fear.The project consists of organising a number of sculpture workshops within the prison over a period
of seven days, workshops in which the inmates will have an opportunity to learn the technique of casting under
the supervision and guidance of the artist.The inmates will make moulds of their own bodies, will learn ways of
approaching contemporary sculpture and will attend courses that introduce them to the world of Romanian
art. The aim of the project is not to glorify the inmates but rather to broaden their culture and educate them
in the area of professional art. At the end of the workshop Bogdan Raţa will put together a contemporary
art installation.

The artist’s concept involves the cutting in half of the concrete-texture polyurethane resin casts of the inmates.
These life-size copies of the inmates will be divided in half and placed on the exterior wall of the prison in an
attempt to mediate the relationship between inmate and passer-by. The casts will be placed on the wall that
surrounds the institution, which from a physical point of view represents the boundary between freedom and
detention. The front part of each body cast will be mounted on the outside of the wall as a symbol of striving
for liberty; the back part of the body will be mounted on the inner side of the wall to indicate the failure of
that striving and the physical part of the man, which remains trapped inside.This dual positioning highlights the
opposition between inside and outside, between striving and punishment. Conceptually speaking, the bodies
of these inmates are the symbol of that liberty which transcends all physical barriers, whatever they may be.
These halves of people will be mounted on the wall that is most isolated from the public, the side facing the
railroad, in accordance with the artist’s wishes. The very limited angle from which the onlooker can view the
work will shroud it in a veil of mystery which should heighten the curiosity of free people regarding the lives
of the inmates. In addition, the work is intended to remain as a symbol, as well as a reminder of the current
function of the building even after the prison moves (as it may) in the future.

Bogdan Raţa working on his sculpture installation

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Homo posterus BOGDAN RATA
Andrei Jecza 1984, Baia Mare, Romania
The work of Bogdan Rata describes the path of a perpetual search
Lives and works in Timisoara and teaches at the Faculty of Fine Arts and
of an individual which went through a totalitarian regime, has seen a
Design, West University, Timisoara, Romania
bloody revolution and is living in a continuous quest for adaptation.
Represented by Jecza Gallery & Slag Gallery
The states of the contemporary human, led by the acceptance
of a set of compromises and the permanent confrontation with
tradition, a type of education, a communist legacy in a constantly
changing, remodeling and redefining universe, adapted to the Solo Exhibitions
capitalist universe, are the artist’s main preoccupations. 2010 In/Out (Prison), Mulhouse Biennial, France
Andrei Jecza: The identity crisis, specific for the end of the 2010 4 Dialogs, Museum of Art, Arad, Romania
twentieth century and the beginning of the twenty first century 2010 MINIMAL FEELINGS, Jecza Gallery, Timisoara, Romania
represents for the artist, the search of hybrid forms that are 2010 God Bless Me, Slag Gallery, New York, USA
capable to survive this period of transition. The artist  resorts to 2008 Gene, UNA Gallery, Bucharest, Romania
the reinterpretation of Charles Darwin’s theory, through which 2005 Prints and Insects, Mansarda Gallery
he creates a new world, marked by the perfect “fleshiness” of the (ground floor), Timisoara, Romania
hyper realistic sculpture and virtuosity of the artist’s imaginary
picture which shows a so called “homo venturus / homo posterus” Group Exhibitions
(a man of the future)image. Self to the wall, 73x41x23 cm, pigmented polyurethan resin, 2008 Fanaticism, 26x40x18 cm, polyurethane resin, 2010 2010 Art for SPC, Benefit Auction of Contemporary Art for the Stephen
Revolution Death Masc, 57x46x34 cm, polyurethane resin, 2008, (right side) Petrino Company, Event Chair Cindy Sherman, Milk Gallery,

Homo posterus Genuine Artist New York, USA


2010 Buy What You Love, Rema Hort Mann Foundation, Jack Shainman
Gallery, New York, USA
Andrei Jecza Robert Şerban 2009 Young Democracy,Young Art, SetUp Venue, Jecza Gallery,
Les oeuvres de Bogdan Rata décrivent le trajet d’une recherche Timisoara, Romania
perpétuelle de l’individu qui a passé par un régime totalitariste,qui Bogdan Raţa is not merely an artist for whom 2009 Capturing Gil - Gulim II, Slag Gallery, New York, USA
a connu  la rupture d’une révolution sanglante et qui vit dans the anatomy of the human body seems to hold 2009 libertARTE, Street Art Project by Jecza Gallery, Timisoara, Romania
une continue poursuite d’ adaptation. Les états de l’homme no secrets but a creator of disturbing anatomical 2009 Corpul (The Body), Centre for the Visual Arts, Bucharest, Romania
contemporain,dirigé par l’ acceptation d’un set de compromis et representations. He subjects the body to 2009 About Bodies, Jecza Gallery, Timisoara, Romania
la confrontation permanente à une tradition,un type d’éducation , metamorphoses that are bizarre, absurd, sometimes 2009 Atelier in tranzitie, Alb-Negru, Galleries Night, Bucharest, Romania
un héritage communiste dans un univers en continue modification 2009 Bucharest à Paris - Panorama de l’art roumain,
grotesque, but spectacular from a visual point of view.
, remodelage et reidentification ,adaptés à l’univers capitaliste, sont Drouot-Montaigne, Paris, France
les préoccupations principales de l’artiste. Raţa has been experimenting successfully in this area 2009 Conca, Milenium Gallery, Baia Mare, Romania
La crise de l’identité.spécifique à la fin du XX e siècle et du début for some time, with his sculptures (above all) earning 2008 Against All Odds, Slag Gallery, New York, USA
du XXI e siècle,dans la vie et l’art contemporain, supposent him a place among the best of young Romanian 2008 In/Out, Art Project in Timisoara Prison, by Jecza Gallery,
pour l’artiste la recherche de quelques formes hybrides,capables artists. His sculptures confirm and add weight to the Timisoara, Romania
de survivre à cette période de transition .Rata recourt ,ainsi,à serious nature of his work. This also for the reason 2008 International Experimental Engraving Biennial,
réinterpréter la théorie de Charles Darwin, par laquelle il that his approach is neither that of a caricaturist Brancoveanu Palace Complex, Mogosoaia, Romania
crée un nouvel univers, marqué par la carnalité parfaite de la 2007 Visual Eurobarometer,Vecinity, National Museum of Contemporary
nor shallowly distorting but reflects a profound
sculpture hyperréaliste et la virtuosité imaginaire de l’artiste Art, ¾ Gallery, Bucharest / Art Museum, Iasi / Mansarda Gallery,
qui présente l’image d’un soi- disant<<homo venturus/homo interest in the human and in the changes that are
Timisoara / Art Museum, Cluj, Romania
posterus>>(l’homme de l’avenir). taking place in the structure of Homo sapiens sapiens.
2007 International Sculpture Symposium, Caransebes, Romania
In using the carcass – which he models, ‘corrects’ or 2007 Eastern Neighbours, Babel Cultural Centre,
deforms like a creator who seems to have lost his Utrecht, The Netherlands
patience – Bogdan Raţa is fundamentally speaking about 2006 Communication, Triade Gallery, Timisoara, Romania
the essential changes that have taken place or are in 2006 Spatiu, Semn, Arhitectura, Monumental Sculpture Project,
the process of taking place in the internal structure Baia Mare, Romania
of human beings. And surely genuine artists have been 2006 Light in Chiaroscuro, Mansarda Gallery, Timisoara, Romania
doing exactly that for as long as the world has existed. 2006 Flux, Studentfest, Timisoara, Romania
2005 Identity, Studentfest, Timisoara, Romania
2005 Combinations, Artists’ Colony, Baia Mare, Romania
2005 Acasa (At Home), Triade Gallery, Timisoara, Romania
2005 Image of Woman, Woman of Image, Mansarda Gallery,
Timisoara, Romania

Forthcoming Exhibitions
2011 – A l’Ouest de l’Est, Group Exhibition, Rueil-Malmaison, France
2010 – Political Mirage, Group Exhibition,
Romanian Cultural Centre in Venice

Monumental Works
Shame, 52x36x12 cm, polyurethane resin, 2010
2008 Sofa, Triade Sculpture Park, Timisoara, Romania
2007 Pink Shirt, Triade Sculpture Park, Timisoara, Romania
2007 Androgynous, Caransebes, Romania

Awards
2007 Ex-aequo Prize,Visual Eurobarometer,Vecinity, awarded by the
Editor-in-chief: Andrei Jecza International Centre for Contemporary Arts, Bucharest
Design & prepress: Camil Mihăescu 2006 Prize for Excellence, awarded by the
Photo: Virgil Babușcov, Andrei Jecza Faculty of Arts and Design, Timisoara
Translations: Dorothy Elford, Ștefan Cârpanu
2006 Second Prize, Light in Chiaroscuro, awarded by the Dutch Embassy
Printed by CoPrint Timișoara
jecza gallery
Editorial: Calea Martirilor 51/45 Selected Press
PARTNERS: SLAG Gallery New York, www.modernism.ro
300774 Timişoara, România Luceafarul Magazine, April 2008
Plastic Surgery, 50x30x11 cm, polyurethane resin, 2010 This edition of our newspaper will be issued during Tel: 0722.666.445 Cultura Magazine, April 2009
Fear, 42x38x22 cm, polyurethane resin, 2009 Resistance, 126x27x34 cm, polyurethane resin, 2009
Bogdan Raţa’s exhibition at Mulhouse 010. www.jeczagallery.com/1mpdeartacontemporana Beaux Arts, June 2009
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