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ANNEX IV B- LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS (ALLIED AND PROFESSIONAL COURSES)

1. PHYSICAL SCIENCES
A. Analytical Chemistry
A.1 Titration
EXPERIMENT
1. Acid-Base Titration
(Determination of the Purity of
a Sample by Titration)

2. Compleximetry

3. Potentiometric Titration of
KHP

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

EQUIPMENT

R QTY

Base Buret, 50 mL
Erlenmeyer flask, 250 mL
Delivery pipet, 25 mL
HCl solution, 12 N
NaOH pellets
Phenolphthalein
Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate,
std
KHP, unknown percentage
Balance, Mettler
Balance, trip scale
Mettler Balance
Erlenmeyer Flask, 250 mL
Trip Scale Balance
Volumetric Flask, 250 mL
Bottle, Polyethylene (or ordinary)
Buret, 50 mL
Graduated Cylinder, 100 mL
Delivery Pipet, 25 mL
Na2H2Y.H2O
NaOH pellets
MgCl2.6H2O
CaCO3, standard
HCl, concentrated
NH3, 15 M
Eriocrome Black T (EBT)
Chalk

5 pcs
15 pcs
5pcs
750 mL
250 g
100 mL
35 g
65 g
1 pc
1 pc

NaOH, 0.1 M
KHP, standard
Buffer solution
Phenolphthalein
KHP, unknown percentage
sample
pH meter
Electrodes, glass and calomel
Buret, 50 mL
Erlenmeyer Flask, 150 mL
Beaker, 250 mL
Wash bottle
Tissue paper
Beaker, 50 mL
Dessicator
Mettler Balance
Triple Scale Balance

5L
105 g
250 mL
25 mL
100 g
1 pc
1 set
5 pcs
15 pcs
15 pcs
5 pcs

1 pc
15 pcs
1 pc
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
95 g
250 g
5g
7.5 g
1L
720 mL
25 mL
25 g

5 pcs
5 pcs
1 pc
1 pc

1/17

EXPERIMENT
4. Double Indicator

5. Redox

6. Precipitimetry

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

EQUIPMENT
Mettler Balance
Weighing Bottle
Graduated cylinder, 100 mL
Erlenmeyer Flask, 250 mL
Beaker, 450 mL
Acid Burette, 50 mL
Base Burette, 50 mL
Stirring Rod
Droppers
Volumetric Flask, 250 mL
Delivery Pipette, 50 mL
Reagent Bottle
0.10
N HCl
Na2CO3-CaHCO3 mixture
(unknown percentage)
phenolphthalein
Methyl Orange
Mettler Balance
Platform Balance
Reagent Bottle, amber
Graduated cylinder, 100 mL
Erlenmeyer Flask, 250 mL
Beakers, 400 mL
Burette, 50 mL
Thermometer ( in oC)
Burner
KMnO4
Na2C2O4
Mettler Balance
Weighing bottle
Graduated Cylinder, 100 mL
Reagent Bottle (amber)
Erlenmeyer Flask, 250 mL
Beaker, 450 mL
Burette
Droppers
Volumetric Flask, 250 mL
Delivery Pipette, 50 mL
AgNO3, 0.1 N
K2CrO4 solution
NaCl (unknown percentage)

R QTY
4 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
15 pcs
15 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
10 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs

4 pcs
2 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
15 pcs
15 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs

4 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
10 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs

2/17

A.2 Gravimetric Analysis


EXPERIMENT
1.
Gravimetric
Determination
of Sulfate as Ba2SO4

Analysis

EQUIPMENT
Mettler Balance
Furnace
Porcelain Crucible
Beaker, 450 mL
Watch Glass
Glass Funnel
Rubber Policemen
Whatman No. 42
Graduated Cylinder, 10 mL
Graduated cylinder, 100 mL
Concentrated HCl
BaCl2.2H2O
Na2SO4

R QTY
4 pcs
1 pcs
15 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs

EQUIPMENT
Spectrophotometer
Volumetric Flask, 50 mL
Volumetric Flask, 100 mL
Pipet, 1 mL
1710 Phenonthroline
Hydroxylamine hydrochloride
Fe(NH4)2, SO46H2
Acetate Buffer
Analytical Balance
Trip Scale Balance
Spectrophotometer (AAS)
Volumetric Flask, 250 mL
Delivery pipette, 50 mL
Delivery pipette, 10 mL
Graduated Cylinder, 100 mL
Graduated Cylinder, 10 mL
Beaker, 100 mL
KMnO4 (with variable concn.)

R QTY
1 pc
10 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
500 Ml
50 mL
50 mL
50 mL
1 pc
1 pc
1 unit
5 pcs
5 pcs
15 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs

5 pcs
5 pcs

A.3 Spectrophotometry
EXPERIMENT
1. Calorimetric Determination of Iron

2. Optical Method of Analysis


Determination of Manganese in
Solution

Expt. No. 2 (use of AAS) is to be considered optional due to prohibitive cost of


equipment
Only seven (7) out of nine (9) experiments listed should be required. Adding an
experiment on Protein determination (Kjeldahl method), the minimum number of
experiments will be 8.

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

3/17

B. Organic Chemistry
EXPERIMENT
1. Determination of Physical
Properties
1.a Determination of Boiling Pt.
1.b Determination of Melting Pt.

2. Purification by Distillation

3. Extraction

4. Aldehydes & Ketones

5. Alcohols & Phenols

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

EQUIPMENT
Any two of these Samples
(Naphthalene, Acetanilide,
Benzoic Acid, Cinnamic Acid,
Salicylic Acid, Urca,
Acetylsalicylic Acid,
Antaranilic Acid, Adipic Acid)
Oil Bath
Melting Pojnt tubes, 70-80 mm
long, 1-2 mm diameter
Thermometer 250 oC
Beaker, 50-100 mL
Watchglass
Glass Stirrer
Rubber Tubing
Wire Gauze
Iron Clamp
Iron Stand
Bunsen Burner
Water Condenser
Adapter
Receiving Flask (Erlenmeyer
Flask, 250 mL)
Thermometer, 0-250 oC
Bunsen Burner
Iron Clamp
Iron Ring
Iron Stand
Wire Gauze
Tea, commercially available
CaCO3
Na2SO4
Chloroform
Separatory Funnel
Bunsen Burner
Beaker, 250 mL
Funnel
Distillation Set-up
test Tube, 6
Evaporating Dish
Test Compunds (Formalin, 40%
HCHO in water; Acetone;
Benzaldehyde)
Ethyl Alcohol, 95%;
2-4 Dinitrophenylhydrazine HCl
Tollens reagent
Schiffs Reagent
Benedicts Solution
Droppers
Test Tubes
Bunsen Burner
Ethyl Alcohol
Isopropyl Alcohol

R QTY

15 g
125 mL
30 pcs
4 pcs
5 pcs
2 pcs
2 pcs
2 pcs
4 pcs
4 pcs
4 pcs
5 pcs
2 pcs
5 pcs
4 pcs
5 pcs
4 pcs
4 pcs
4 pcs
4 pcs
4 pcs
75 g
35 g
5g
250 mL
2 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
1 pc
2 sets
5 pcs
5 pcs
5 mL
5 mL
5 mL
15 mL
15 mL
15 mL
5 mL
10 mL
4 pcs
21 pcs
5 pcs
15 mL
15 mL

4/17

Tertiary Butyl Alcohol


Phenol
Anthranol
Nitriphenol
O-cresol
Bromophenol
Ethyl Ether
Betanaphtol
Sodium Metal
Lucas Reagent
Dilute Neutral KMnO4 solution
Br2 water
FeCl3, 1 %
Stoppers
Test Tubes, 6
Crucible Tongs
Bunsen Burner
Watch Glass

15 mL
5 mL
5 mL
5 mL
5 mL
5 mL
10 mL
5 mL
20 pcs
15 mL
15 mL
15 mL
30 drops
21 pcs
31 pcs
5 pcs
5 pcs
2 pcs

6. Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkynes &


Aromatic Hydrocarbons
6.a Preparation of Methane

(1 set-up for the whole class)


Test Tube, 6
Bunsen Burner
Clamp
Iron Stand
Water Trough
Rubber Tubing
Corks
Delivery Tube
Zn dust
Ethyl alcohol, 95 %
Chloroform

6 pcs
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
3 pcs
1 pc
3g
5 mL
3 mL

6.b Preparation of Ethylene

Thermometer, 0-250 oC
Cork or Rubber Stopper
Bunsen Burner
Test Tube, 6
Water Trough
Rubber Tubing
Distilling Flask, 250 mL
Ethanol
Sulfuric Acid, concentrated

1 pc
4 pcs
1 pc
2 pcs
1 pc
2 pcs
1 pc
30 mL
75 mL

6.c Preparation of Acetylene

Separatory Funnel
Cork or Rubber Stopper
Erlenmeyer Flask, fitted with
two hole rubber stopper
Rubber Tubing
Bent Test Tube
Test Tubes, 6
Water Trough
Calcium Carbide
Bayers Test
Test Tube of Methane Gas
Test Tube of Ethylene Gas
Test Tube of Acetylene Gas

1 pc
3 pcs

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
2 pcs
1 pc
3-4 pcs
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc

5/17

7. Proteins & Carbohydrates


8. Fats & Oils

Alkaline Permanganate
Benzene
Cyclohexane
Test Tube
Ignition Test
Test Tube of Methane Gas
Test Tube of Ethylene Gas
Test Tube of Acetylene Gas
Crucible Cover
Benzene
Cyclohexane
Bunsen Burner
additional experiment
additional experiment

4 mL
1 mL
1 mL
2 pcs
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
1 drop
1 drop
1 pc

C. Physical Chemistry
EXPERIMENTS
1. Determination of the Physical
Constants of a Liquid
1.a Liquid Density
Measurement

EQUIPMENT
Beaker, 500 mL
Bunsen Burner
Iron Ring
Iron Stand
Hydrometer
Pycnometer
Westphal Balance

R QTY
7 pcs
7 pcs
7 pcs
7 pcs
3 pcs
3 pcs
2 pcs

Beaker, 500 mL
Rubber Tubing, 12 long
Rubber bulb
Capillarity with scale
Tensiometer

7 pcs
7 pcs
7 pcs
3 pcs
2 pcs

Pipette
Stop Watch

7 pcs
7 pcs

1.c Viscosity Measurement

Thermometer
Beaker, 500 mL
Rubber Bulb
Ostwald Viscometer

7 pcs
7 pcs
7 pcs
3 pcs

1.d Refractive Index


Measurement

Eye Dropper
Abbe Refractometer
(Altago Model 12-120)

1.b Surface Tension


Measurement

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

1 pc
1 pc

6/17

EXPERIMENT
2. Molecular Weight Determination

EQUIPMENT
Bunsen Burner
Iron Stand
Iron ring
Pneumatic Trough
Thermometer
Glass Tubing, 1 ft.
Victor Meyer Apparatus
3. Ternary System
Burette, 50 mL
Glass-stoppered bottles
Pipette
Separatory Funnel
4. Adsorption Equilibria
Erlenmeyer Flask, 250 mL
Volumetric Flask, 500 or 1000 mL
Pipette
Burettes
Beaker, 500 mL
Stirring Rod
5. Heat of Reaction by Bomb
Adiabatic Oxygen Bomb
Calorimeter
Calorimeter
6. Chemical Equilibria
Burette
Pipette
Glass-stoppered bottle
Beaker, 250 mL
Thermostat
7. Polarimetry
Polarimeter
8. Boiling Point Elevation
Coffnell Apparatus with Beckman
Thermometer
9. Freezing Point Lowering
Beckman Freezing Pt. Apparatus
Beckman Thermometer
10. Vapor Pressure of Liquids
Isoteniscope Set-up
General Purpose Water Bath
11. Transference Number
Moving Boundary Apparatus
Potentiometer
Experiment Nos. 8 and/or 9 may be required

R QTY
7 pcs
14 pcs
21 pcs
7 pcs
7 pcs
7 pcs
3 pcs
21 pcs
42 pcs
7 pcs
7 pcs
84 pcs
7 pcs
7 pcs
14 pcs
7 pcs
7 pcs
1 pc
14 pcs
7 pcs
98 pcs
7 pcs
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc
1 pc

D. Chemical Engineering Laboratory I


MOMENTUM TRANSFER (at least 3)
EXPERIMENTS
EQUIPMENT
Friction Losses in Pipes and
A test rig composed of straight pipes, different types of
Fittings
valves and fittings made of metal, glass or plastic that is
able to generate data that can measure the pressure
drop or friction losses of a liquid, preferable water,
flowing inside the closed conduits. The flow may be
circulated through the system by a pump or by gravity.
As accessories, manometers, stop-watches, collecting
tanks, graduated cylinders, beakers, meter sticks,
vernier calipers, weighing scale, etc. must be provided.
A written laboratory procedure or guide must be
available for this experiment.

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

7/17

Equipment
Piping Loss apparatus
Hydraulic bench
Calibration of Flow Meters
such as Pitot Tube, Orifice
Meter, Venturi Meter and
Weirs

A test rig composed of a piping system containing flow


measuring devices such as Pitot Tube, Orifice Meter,
Venturi Meter and an open channel flow meter such as
Weirs, triangular or rectangular. The set-up must be
provided with pressure taps and flow measuring devices
to be able to calibrate and determine the characteristics
of the flow meters. As accessories, manometers, stopwatches, collecting tanks, graduated cylinders, beakers,
meter sticks, Vernier calipers, weighing scale, etc. must
be provided. A written laboratory procedure or guide
must be available this experiment.
Equipment

Pump Characteristics using


single, parallel and series
pumps

A set-up composed of a re-circulating flow system


composed of two pumps that can be operated as a
single pump, two pumps in parallel and two pumps in
series. The pumps are connected with electric motor/s
where the torque and speed can be varied and
measured. The system should be provided with flow
meters and pressure gauges to measure the suction and
discharge heads of the pumps. As accessories, a set of
weights, stop watch, beakers and graduated cylinders
must be available. A laboratory procedure or guide must
be provided for this experiment.
Equipment

Reynolds Number
Experiments

A Reynolds Number apparatus to measure the flow rate


and the occurrence of laminar, transition and turbulent
flows of a fluid flowing inside a closed conduit. The setup is composed of a glass or transparent plastic tube
connected to a water source with calming section. The
upstream side of the tube is provided with a dye injector
to observe the flow of the fluid. Accessories as
graduated cylinders, beakers, stopwatches,
thermometer, etc. must be available. A written laboratory
procedure or guide must be available for this
experiment.
Equipment
Reynolds Apparatus
Hydraulic bench

Fluidization and Packed Bed


Experiments

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

Two different set-ups to determine the pressure drop


versus the height of a fluidizing bed and a packed bed

8/17

where a defined flow parameter such as modified


Reynolds number for the packed bed is related to the
pressure drop. The following accessories are: mercury
U-tube manometer or a piezometer, stopwatches,
collecting tanks or graduated cylinders or beakers,
stopwatch, meter stick, different types or diameter of
pellets, etc. A written laboratory procedure or guide must
be available for this experiment.
Equipment

Unsteady Head Flow

A set-up where the time of efflux of a liquid is measured


against height of liquid in a tank with sight glass for
various types of exit pipes and orifice openings.
Accessories are: at least 5 different lengths of tubes,
orifice plates, stop watch, meter stick, collecting tanks,
beakers, graduated cylinders. A written laboratory
procedure or guide must be available for this
experiment.
Equipment

HEAT TRANSFER (at least


3)
EXPERIMENT
Performance of Heat
Exchangers, double pipe or
shell and Tube

EQUIPMENT
A set up composed of concentric pipes or a shell and
tube heat exchanger where there is heat interchange
between a cold fluid and a hot fluid, condensing or noncondensing. Accessories are thermometers or
thermocouples, flow meters, stopwatch, measuring tank,
source of hot water. A written laboratory procedure or
guide must be available for this experiment.
Equipment
shell and tube heat exchanger
Hydraulic Bench

Performance of Condensers

A set-up composed of a shell and tube heat exchanger


where steam is condensed either on the shell side or
tube side by the use of a cooling water. Accessories are
steam boiler or generator, thermometers, pressure
gauges, collecting tanks, stop watch, steam trap. A
written laboratory procedure or guide must be available
for this experiment.
Equipment
Shell and tube condenser in mini steam power
plant.

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

9/17

Heat Losses in Bare, Lagged


and Finned Tubes

A set-up composed of several pipes, horizontal or


vertical. Some pipes are bare and painted with different
colors, some are insulated with various types of lagging,
and a finned tube. Steam is introduced to the pipes at a
given pressure and amount of condensate measured.
Accessories are: Steam boiler or generator, collecting
tanks, graduated cylinders, beakers or flasks, stop
watch, thermometers, surface thermometer, pressure
gauges. A written laboratory procedure or guide must be
available for this experiment.
Equipment

Radiation Experiments
Inverse Square Law
Emmissivities
Stefan-Boltzmann Law
Kirchoffs Law
Area Factors

Steady and Unsteady State


Heat Conduction

Heat Transfer in Agitated


Vessels

A thermal radiation set-up composed of a heater as a


source of radiation, a radiometer mounted on a
horizontal bench for varying the distance. A console to
adjust the temperature of the radiator and to convert the
intercepted radiation from millivolts to thermal unit.
Accessories are various types of plates, thermocouples,
stopwatch, rulers, etc. A written laboratory procedure or
guide must be available for these experiments.
Equipment

Steel ball of known diameter where thermocouples are


imbedded at various positions or short cylinders
insulated at both ends provided with thermocouple
wires, temperature transducers, Constant-temperature
water bath, heater, Stopwatch, rulers. A written
laboratory procedure or guide must be available for this
experiment.
Equipment

A set up composed of a jacketed agitated vessel where


hot water or steam is introduced in the jacket to heat the
agitated liquid inside the vessel to study the heat
transfer under unsteady and steady state conditions.
The speed of the agitator may be varied. Accessories
are thermometers, flow meters, stopwatch, tachometer,
beakers or graduated cylinders, water heater or steam
generator. A written laboratory procedure or guide must
be available for this experiment.
Equipment

EVAPORATION (at least 1)


EXPERIMENT
Batch Evaporation

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

EQUIPMENT
An evaporator set-up where water or a solution is
heated and evaporated using steam at atmospheric
pressure or partial vacuum under batch condition. A
condenser provided with cooling water is connected to

10/17

the evaporator for collecting the condensate Accessories


are pressure gauges, stopwatch, collecting tank,
graduated cylinders, thermometers, surface
thermometers, steam generator, vacuum pump,
asbestos gloves. A written laboratory procedure or guide
must be available for this experiment.
Equipment

Single and Multiple Effect


Continuous Evaporation

A set-up composed of double or multiple effect


evaporator system using steam to evaporate water or an
aqueous solution under continuous conditions.
Accessories are pressure gauges, collection tanks,
beakers, graduated cylinders, steam generator,
thermometers. A written laboratory procedure or guide
must be available for this experiment.
Equipment

SOLIDS SEPARATION (at


least 3)
EXPERIMENT
Performance of a Plate and
Frame Filter Press

EQUIPMENT
A plate and frame filter set-up provided with a supply
tank for the slurry, a pressure gauge, a slurry pump and
a collection tank for the filtrate. Accessories are filter
cloth, stopwatch, calcium carbonate powder, graduated
cylinders, agitator or compressor. A written laboratory
procedure or guide must be available for this
experiment.
Equipment

Performance of a Leaf Filter

A leaf filter set-up provided with a supply tank for the


slurry, a pressure gauge, a slurry pump and collection
tanks for the filtrate. Accessories are filter cloth,
stopwatch, calcium carbonate powder, graduated
cylinders, agitator or compressor and vacuum pump. A
written laboratory procedure or guide must be available
for this experiment.
Equipment

Batch or Continuous
Sedimentation Experiments

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

Various sets of cylindrical tubes of various diameters or


graduated cylinders of various capacities located in a
lighted background. Accessories are stopwatch, rulers,
weighing scale, beakers, calcium carbonate powder. A
written laboratory procedure or guide must be available
for this experiment.

11/17

Equipment
Sedimentation Equipment
Centrifugation Experiment

A Sharples centrifuge or a Basket Centrifuge.


Stopwatch, tachometer, beakers, graduated cylinder,
weighing scale, mixing tank. A written laboratory
procedure or guide must be available for this
experiment.
Equipment

Cyclone Separation

A set-up composed of a blower and cyclone separator.


Accessories are tachometer, anemometer, thermometer,
dust collector, weighing scale, rulers or tape measure,
water manometers for measuring pressure drop. A
written laboratory procedure or guide must be available
for this experiment.
Equipment

E. Chemical Engineering Laboratory II


MASS TRANSFER (at least 5)
EXPERIMENTS
Diffusivity of Vaporized Liquids

EQUIPMENT
Constant temperature water bath with temperature
control and stirrer provided with receptacles for about 6
capillary tubes. Stopwatch, vernier caliper, measuring
pipettes, test tubes, capillary tubes, small electric fan,
sample organic liquids such as ethyl alcohol, methyl
alcohol, benzene, CCl4, acetone, distilled water, etc. A
written laboratory procedure or guide must be available
for this experiment.
Equipment

Pressure Drop and Gas


Absorption in Packed Columns

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

A packed column with either a random or structured


packing provided with pressure taps and gas and liquid
flowmeters for measuring pressure drops and flooding
characteristics. The set-up is also provided with sample
ports for measuring the inlet and outlet concentrations of
the solute in the inert gas. Accessories are manometers,
pumps and blowers, gas tank for the solute, pressure
regulator for the gas tank, collection tanks, analytical
apparatus for the dissolved solute, stopwatch. A written
laboratory procedure or guide must be available for this

12/17

experiment.
Equipment

Drying at Constant Drying


Conditions

A tray drier provided with a blower and heater and ports


for measuring the dry and wet bulb temperatures of the
drying air. The weight of the sample to be dried must be
measured at prescribed intervals of time. Accessories
are stopwatch, weighing scale, heater, set of weights,
drying oven, anemometer, thermometers, psychrometer,
materials to be dried such as sand, grains, wood, etc. A
written laboratory procedure or guide must be available
for this experiment.
Equipment

Drying using a Continuous


Rotary or Conveyor Drier

A self contained rotary drier or a conveyor drier provided


with blower and heater, motor for rotating the drier or
moving the conveyor. Thermometers, psychrometer,
anemometer, stopwatch, weighing scale, heater,
materials to be dried.
Equipment

Vacuum Tray Drying

A set-up where the material to be dried is placed in a


tray and allowed to remain inside the vacuum drier
heated by steam or electric heater. Accessories are
vacuum pump, weighing scale, stopwatch, steam
generator, thermometer, psychrometer, vacuum
pressure gauge, materials to be dried such as grains,
sawdust, sand, paper, leather, etc. A written laboratory
procedure or guide must be available for this
experiment.
Equipment

Binary Batch Distillation using a


Packed or Plate Column

A distillation column with either plate or packed column


provided with a reboiler, condenser, reflux control and
sampling ports. Accessories are refractometer for
preparing concentration calibration curves, thermometer,
test tubes, pipettes, graduated cylinders, beakers,
flasks. A written laboratory procedure or guide must be
available for this experiment.
Equipment

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

13/17

Adsorption Experiments

Beakers of 500ml to 1000ml capacity. Magnetic stirrers


with heater and temperature control, spectrophotometer
or spectronic 20. Graduated cylinders, thermometers,
pipettes, resin adsorbents, food coloring, weighing
scale, spatula, watch glass. NOTE: determination of
concentrations by titration or other methods will require
another set of equipment. A written laboratory procedure
or guide must be available for this experiment.
Equipment

Ion-Exchange Experiments

An ion-exchange set up provided with two cylinders


containing separately the anion and cation resins. The
set up is provided with supply tank, pump, flowmeters,
piping system with quick opening valves to easily
change the direction of flow, conductivity meter, resins,
graduated cylinders, stopwatch, beakers or flasks. A
written laboratory procedure or guide must be available
for this experiment.
Equipment

Humidification or Cooling Tower


Experiments

A self contained test rig to measure temperatures and


flow rates of air and hot water that are allowed to come
in direct contact with each other. The rig may be a
packed column, wooden slats or a spray chamber.
Accessories are manometers, anemometer,
psychrometer, flowmeters, thermometers, air blower,
pump, water heater, collection tank, graduated cylinders,
stopwatch. A written laboratory procedure or guide must
be available for this experiment.
Equipment
Compact Steam Power Plant

Liquid-Liquid Extraction
Experiments

A solvent extraction apparatus provided with solvent


evaporator, condenser, chamber where two liquid
phases are in contact with each other and a separator
section where the extract and raffinate phases are
separated. An option for batch process where a
separatory funnel may be used to determine equilibrium
distribution constants for ternary systems. A written
laboratory procedure or guide must be available for this
experiment.
Equipment

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

14/17

REACTION KINETICS (at least


1)
EXPERIMENTS
Performance of a Plug Flow
Reactor

EQUIPMENT
A set-up provided with pipes or tubes where reactants
are introduced on one side and the reaction products on
the other side. The pipes may be jacketed or immersed
in a water bath to control the temperature of the reacting
system. Accessories are pumps or gravity tanks, flow
meters, thermometers, heaters with thermostatic control,
burettes, pipettes, graduated cylinders, beakers, stirrers,
conductivity or pH meters or spectrophotometers (if
needed) for measuring concentrations. Standard
solutions, reactant solutions, neutralizing tanks prior to
disposal. A written laboratory procedure or guide must
be available for this experiment.
Equipment

Performance of a CSTR

PROCESS CONTROL (at least


3)
EXPERIMENTS
Response of First and Second
Order Systems

A set-up where reactants are introduced inside a stirred


tank reactor, open or closed, jacketed or provided with
cooling or heating coils to control the temperature of the
reacting mixtures. Accessories are similar to those for
plug flow reactor if needed, treatment tanks prior to
disposal. A written laboratory procedure or guide must
be available for this experiment.
Equipment
Chemical Reactor

EQUIPMENT
Set-ups made of beakers, thermometers,
thermocouples, magnetic stirrer with heater, U-tube
water or mercury manometer, stopwatch, digital camera,
computer, meter stick, rulers. A written laboratory
procedure or guide must be available for this
experiment.
Equipment

Experiments on Level Control

A set-up composed of single tank, interacting and noninteracting tanks where the response and control of
liquid level can be studied. Accessories are stopwatch,
level monitor, graduated cylinders, timers, transducers,
pumps, valves. A written laboratory procedure or guide
must be available for this experiment.
Equipment

Experiments on Temperature
Control

A set-up where the temperature of a liquid can be


controlled with the application of on-off, proportional,

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proportional-integral-derivative control systems.


Accessories are heaters, coolers, pumps,
thermocouples, thermometers, temperature transducers,
control valves, pneumatic or electronic, collecting tanks,
graduated cylinders, stopwatch, recording charts.
Compressed air may be needed for pneumatic controls.
A written laboratory procedure or guide must be
available for this experiment.
Equipment

Experiments on Pressure
Control

A set-up composed of pipes or tubes provided with


pressure tank and pressure gauges, pneumatic valves,
transducers, monitors to study the control of pressure.
Accessories are compressor, computer software (if
needed), control console, stopwatch, recording charts. A
written laboratory procedure or guide must be available
for this experiment.
Equipment
Volumetric Flow control setup in ECE lab

Experiments on Flow Control

A set-up composed of pipes or tubes, pneumatic valves,


collecting tanks, flowmeters where liquid is recirculated
by means of a pump to study the control of flow. An
instrument control to introduce and monitor outputs for
proportional and PID control may be needed. A written
laboratory procedure or guide must be available for this
experiment.
Equipment
Volumetric Flow control setup in ECE lab

Experiments on pH Control

A set-up composed of supply tanks, control pumps,


stirred tank provided with a pH meter where acidic and
basic solutions are mixed for the purpose of monitoring
and controlling the pH of the solution via a control panel.
Accessories are stopwatch, graduated cylinders,
standard pH solutions, pH probes, acid solutions, basic
solutions, containers of feed solutions and waste
solutions. A written laboratory procedure or guide must
be available for this experiment.
Equipment

Computer Simulation of Control


Systems

Annex IV B- Laboratory Requirement (Allied and Professional Courses

Softwares or programs developed by students or


obtained from books or from the internet that can be
used for response analysis and study control systems. A
computer is needed. A written laboratory procedure or
guide must be available for this experiment.

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Equipment
Aspen HYSYS software
OTHERS (at least one)
EXPERIMENTS
Agitation and Mixing Experiment

EQUIPMENT
A set-up composed of a Mixing tank, metal, glass or
transparent plastic mounted on a free moving pedestal
for measuring torque. The tank is provided with
removable baffles. Sets of stirrers made of paddle
blades and propellers that can be connected with the
stirrer motor whose speed can be varied. Accessories
are dynamometers or force gauges, tachometers or
digital speed meter, voltmeter, ammeters, stopwatch,
rulers. A written laboratory procedure or guide must be
available for this experiment.
Equipment

Size Reduction and Screening

A size reduction equipment such as jaw crusher,


pulverizers, ball mills, Wiley mills where energy input
can be measured. Complete set of the Tyler testing
sieves, or equivalent standard, with cover & pan of mesh
nos. 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 14, 20, 28, 35, 48, 65, 100, 150, 200
to be mounted on an appropriate Sieve shaker.
Accessories are beakers, brush, graduated cylinder,
weighing scale, metallic or ceramic balls for the ball mill,
tachometer, containers, dynamometers (if needed). A
written laboratory procedure or guide must be available
for this experiment.
Equipment
Solid Handling Study Unit

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