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CERTIFICATE
It is cedified

that the dissenation enlitled, "Qursni

Nrbrtat Koy Kh.was ws Aftdiyrt Tibb-eJadeed kay Nuqta-

e-Nrzr Say"

submitted to lhe Board of Advanced Sludies and

Research, University

of Karachi, by Mr. Fayyaz Ahmed

S/o

Abdul Hrnnan File No. 641/Ar., Enrolment No. uk-]5385/06


satisfies thc requiremenls lbr the award of degrcc ol- Doctor ol
Philospophy (Ph.D.). This thesis wiu serve as a guide lbr thosc

who wish to xplain in detail thc subjcct contained in Quran.


l,ikewisc, this thcsis is the extacl of historical rcsearch \rork
done on modem herbal Qurani medicine and ancicnt Herbal

nedicine. Pemission is hreby Sranted to submit this lhesis to


the University.

i^'-)

.4,.=

Prof. Dr. Srtahuddin Sani


Research Supeniso/
H.E.C. Islamabad & r'arachi University
Principal QLraid-e-Millar Govl. Degree College
Liaqatabad Karachi.

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25

INTERPRtrTED SUMMARY OF THE INTRODUCTION

The research Ph.D. lhesis has eight chapters

Cbrpter OrG:
The fiBt chapter has tbree subchapters. The first subchapter defmes

the holy book Qlran

in irs historical pdsP4tives. Th *@nd

subchapter stanlines the inportance ofthe educarion

ofholy Quiln

in the light of scientific and tchnical approachs. Th

is such an honorable guidane


book that czrris within il all the tnre elemenrs ed research

con6 irto
providing

discussion

materials of

conclDsion that ttris

futue which have never

been revled before in the

fild

of $io@ ard technolos/. Qlran nomloeus by @nf'rming ils


cr omit/ that fiis is dle book of the Lrd and it vdifies if it was
incorret hfomation ths they (people, who hav been followine its
designed palhwals) must have beer derailed. Nowada)s its
importance is increased more than passd d@ads for science
lchnology ha, revolqtionized the world. It is a fact that until
adherd to this holy book, they ruled dE world

tle

dd

Muslim

ovs. And a, soon at

book came under the kind perusal of resarcbeB of non-Muslim

world then they mled

ovs the Muslins. The third

discusses the infonnation

of botany, the firdarnental

subchapler

rese@h, in the holy book. Here, th studied elements ar


conporEd in details with other the holy

b@k,

of the
prcFrly

issu

i.e., Zaboor rnjiil,

Chapter Two:
The fi61stage

"M@il" oflhe Holy Quran

is discussed that contaim

within it those bolanic terms which are used for feeding purpose and
the firsa

dd

formost of all is whe3t. These funher deals wilh lhe

fi$t

professio[ agricultur. First of all farming was Performed bv Prophet


Add: (P.B.U.H.)- He hd srown wheat mder the superyision of the
supfeme

dsel

Gabdel (P.B.U.H.). In this way the chapler discusses

lhe importance and essence of all the bolanic farming wilh its
chemical and physical prope.ties

*hich

are undoubtedly

sins of God

for healthy survival of l;vins organisns. Here, new researchers woLrld

als

get mor infonnation for a step further towards new vistas in the

field of diagnoscs.

Cb!pterThre:
This chapler has the same footsteps ofchaptr Two. Th second stage

of holy Quran coines now

under consideration. Fruit plays a

dam al part in the life ofhunan beins for it provides health

ed

inoeases immunity for the defense mechdism at the lime of some

Ch.ptcr Iour:
Fourth chapter discuss a

tre

rhat is not found anywhere in the

universe but in the heaven. This is Tooba tree which


by

will

be revealed

fi^se who will enter into Eden. After thal there is another tre too

.hat is called Root which is locared in hell. The trees rqui.e reseaih
for their specialty h;dden within them.

Chpt r liv.:
oil h.s its own

imponance

od

tlerefore it has been placed in this

chapler- The oils are explained a5 lwo t)?es

lirsl one is natual while

the othr botanical. The previou is used for bumins purposes while

CtupterStx:
The chapter onsists of

mdy

imponant botaical elements uscd for

the puQose of cure in varioN diseases. Then their chem;cal and


boltuical properties are considered for increasins th imnunity levels

in hurnd. In the lisht of old

ed

novel rese$ches detailed role of

orchard and forest berries, plaqu, etc. have come under consideralion
so thal proper diasnosis could be had.

This chapter d;$us*s the historical peNpectives oflhe doctore like


Hakim Jalenos (130 B.C. - 200 A.D.), Bu

Ali lbn-e-Sina

1037 A.D.), who have discused ihe medical


vegetables

ud

used

tlEm

(980 A.D. -

imponae of

as medicine.

ChrpterEighl:
The last chapter of this research deals with d'y fruit and vegetables

which de discus$d in a clejr marner in the hol, Quan. SoDe of


them: ginser guava, etc. ar such a gifted fiu;ts and vegelables which

play an import nt role in the btterment of hMan ndication. In the

end the flowr king Rose @mes under considemtion.

All

the

medicated planls

It

m usd

for the diagnostic Purposes of bodv of

t'e

is to sum up in the end that all the plants mentioned in holv Quan

de

cluonologically explained

with introduction,

krminologv'

structN, color, mtive pl&e, historical peBpectives, so on and

so

fonh. The whole ofth rseirch contains modem res&rch oflhe Wst

and

lor fresh resealchen s&ps de referred so thai thv rnav

benefit from ihis resarch in

FAYYAZ AIIMED

propr marmr.

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* ww.expressginsedice@m/qbgory-displ.yPhp?parnF113
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w.fruitchess.com
ww.fruitsloporty.com
nypyramid.gov/pyramidfruils.hnTl

ww.fre*soil.olg/fruil
ww.Iruilsandveggiesmatlr,gov

ww.5aday.nhs.0k/ ww.me.nam-@bster.@m/diclionary/lruil

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* en.wikipedia.org^riki/Ga.lic
* wwwgaiic-@ntral.@rdgadic_h6alth hnnl
* wwwyouiub.contwalch?v=MYtcb3LAox4
* nccan.nih qov/healtlvgarlic
* wwr.recipzaar com/libEry/getenlry'zsp?id=165
* M.pakave.ue com^Nebdiq4t/iood-and-nlt'ition/arlicle-04 htin
* wwwbotanical.com/bolanicaumgmh/g/ganic06 ntmi
f homecooking.abouLconvod/toodhislory/a/garlichistory'hbn
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* wwgarlic-cntral.com
* wvv.youtube.comltalch?v=j-G296-W244
*- ww.rheganicfam.co.uk/
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Tar and pitch viscous, dark-brown to black substances obtained bv


the desEuctive distillation

ofcoal, wood, petsoleum' peat' and certarn

olher organic materials. The heating or partial buming ofwood to


make chatcoal yields tar as a byProduct and is an ancient method for
the production ofboth tar and pitch. Coal tar is a rsidu in the

manuiacture of coal gas and coke


By the application ofhea! tar is sePamtd into several matrials, one

ofwhich is pitch- The tems tar and pitch are loosely apPlied to the
many varieties ofthe two substances, sometimes intrchangeably.
For example, asphalt, which h natumlly occurring pitch, is called

mineral

tlr

and mineral pitch. Tar is

nore or less fluid, depending

upon its origin and the temprature to which it is exposed. Pitch


tends to be more solid. W1rcn shiPs wre made

ofwood' tar had

numrous uses, and an available supply oftar was an important factor


in maritime growrh. Tar mad vssels watertight and protected their
roDes

fiom deterioration- All but small quantities ofthe tar now

roduced is fractionally distilld to yild naphtha, creosote, carbolic

oil, and other equally important crude products. Among the


substances produced by rcfming the various cntde matenah are
benzene, toluene, cresol, and phenol, Tar from pine wood is used in

naking soap and medicinal prparations. Pitch is used in lhe


nanufacture ofroofing paper, in vamishes, as a lubrican! and as a
binder for coal dust in the making ofbriquettes used as tuel. Coal-hr

,zrvJuLlJJ4z6tii

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derivatives are used in the manufacture ofdys, cosmetics' and


synthetic flavoring exsacts

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Pitch was

taditionally

used to help caulk the seams

of*ooden

sailingvessls.(3)
Caulking is a process used to seal $e seams in wooden boats or
ships, and riveted iron or steel ships, in order to make them

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'.le.Ifuit

bttpt/e!.alUpedi..ors,&iktPltch-(r6i!)

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-tV,Jr'LruEJfg!&tti

sealing compounds to close up revices in buildings against water,

ail' dusl, insects, or

as a componnt in

firestopping

(l)'

It was heated, then put into a containr with a very long spout Pitch
was also used to watrProofwooden containers, and is sometimes

still used in the making oftorchs.


Waterproofor water-resistant dscribs objectr unaffected by water
or resisting waler passage, or which ar covered with a material that

resists or does not allow rYater passage Such items may be used in
wet environments or under water' Waterproofing describs
an

object atrprooforwater-resistant.

naking

The hulls ofboats and ships

were once waterprooted by applying lar or pitch. Modem items mav


b waterproofed by

seams

applying waier_repellent coatings or by sealing

widl gaskets or O{ings-(2)

htrp://d.wikitdia.oi3/witi/caulk -l

httpr/o.*ikip.dia.oB/*iki/walarP6of

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269
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* M.encyctopedia convdo.ll El-tarNpilc html


t en.wikipodia.o.g/wiktPitch,{resin)
f w.infoplease.com/@6/sci/A0847845 hh|
* wx.osha.gov/SLTC/coaltaDitchvolat ls/index html
* ww!v.ch6 c org/PDFFKPK20/PK20-4_091 pdf
* books.google.com pk^ook?isbn=0649390672
* M.construclionequipmeni.@m/Equipmedt993 htnl
* M.p.e@nslltants.@m/Sub-Sedics/Mote-hiomation/@altar php
i wW.koppeB.corn/hldPands-Roof-cTPitch.hllnl
* sw.b tannica con/EBchecked^op c/123020/@al-larpilch
t ww.qus!a com/library/encyclopedia/tarand_pitch jsp
rt ww.henneteshe.bal.corteclectic/potter-comp/pinus-turp hlml
* ww*.inchem org/documenMcsdi6cLicsl4l5hlin
* ww.buildings.com/anicletdetail..spx?conlentlo=30o4
* encyclopedia.fa ex.conv@al+tar+prtch
i gw.6lsdr.cdc.gov/ttacts85 himl
* ec.ouropa u/healwph-isldcommihees/o4-scher/doctschr-o-0a3 pdl
* books.google com.pk/books?isbn=031333160X
f ww*.alibaba com/productgs/5109306ZCod,Tar-Pitch hlnl
* ww.tadboals.com/conglues hlml
* medical-diclionary.thelreediclionary com/coal+tar+pilch
* wW.ouka.tilppm/turkansaari4ar-and_pitch.h|m
* w.aNrrs.com/topiq/coal-hrpilch
i wwtradeindia codtmanufactuc6/indianmanutactu,t@allarpit h hlrnl
* w.fad.key com/ksal-t .pitch/
* linkinghub,elsevier.com/reheve/piil0016236190901867
rrf ww.as|m.org/slandards/D450.htn

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An easily gown plant, suc.eeding in most soils and tolerant ofsalin
conditions

(l). Grows well in heavy clay soils

as

well as in sands and

vn shingle (2). Usually iound near the coast, it succeeds inland

if

sunny position (3). Tolemnt

of

given a fairly good dep loam and

maritim winds and dry soils when grown nd the coast (4), plants
require a moister soil and shelter from cold drying winds when they
are grown inland in non-saline soils because they use the soil salts

that are found in saline soils to help them rcduce transpiration (5).

B.ttr. W. T|6 rrd Snrub! Hrrdy i! GMr Brit h, Vol 14

2.

T[om&

G. s,

ornrnell.l Slrubr, llnb.n rd

ad Suppl.ncrt,

B.Eboos. Murmy,ISBN

0-119150'|3.2,1992.

3,

Trs 0d S!nb! H.rdy


s!ppl.d. Mdny 1931,
Br, w'

.t Hlrlrt.
1992

Nd

RIIS Dlcriolrrt ol

ISBN 1|-333-rtTalx-5.,

Brilti!,

5.

A. TL.

VoL

h Gdl Brir.ir. Vol I

8..r.

W.

G.rddir&

Tc

l-{ dd S!ppL!.!t,Mrrny

tlurl.y. A. Tb. Na

RHS

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MrcM r.r

rnd Slnb3 Eirdy itr

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1981.

Didior.ry olc.rd.tritrg,

ISBN 0Jt!,4749,t-5, 1992.

t9r.

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1992.,

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lt6

294

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This spcies is not very hady outdooN in Brilain (1), but it succeed
in the milder aress

ofthe country, tolerating temper.tures down

ao

btween -5 and - 10'c (2). This species flowrs on the current year's

growth (3). Any pruning is bst caried out in spring, hedgs are also
Excellentrange ofphotographs, some best tdmmed at this time (4)

cultivation details but very little information on plant uses Plants are
tolerant ofsevere pruning, sprouting fieely fiom old wood. Plants in
th;s genus are lotably rsislant to horcy fungus and geat service (5).

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1956

Nr

1992.'

1992.

REs Di.aiomry ol

ISBN 0-3334749+5, 1992.

4.

Drickcll. c, The RttS

CrrdeM'r Encyclop.dia ol P|rntl

(lnl.ruLy PublhleB Lrda

5.

Hui.y. A, Th. Ns &lIS Dicliolrry of G.nr.!i!g,

Flowe6 DorlinS

ISBN 0-86318-386-7, 1990.

ISAN0,333-4t,19.l.5, 192.

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rd

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The prophet Abraham planted a tamarisk

tre It is therfbre

appropriate that Abraham should honor God by planting th tamarisk'

It would b a permanent memorial ofthe covenant between the


two.(2)

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Tbe genus Tamarix (tamarisk) compises about 50-60 species

of

flowering plants in the family Tamaricaceae, native to drier aras

of

Eurasia and Africa.

Tamarix spies are used as food plants by the larvae ofsome


Lepidoptm species including Coleopho.a asthenella vhich feeds

exclusively on T. africana.

Selected lpecies: Tamari\ species are used as food plants by the


larvae ofsom Lepidoptera spcis including Coleophora asthenlla

which feds exclusively on T. africana.(l)


(1Dr

j)setectea

species :

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The chemical composition ofthe Tamadx boveana.volatile oils


obtained ftom th whole aerial

paf, flowen,

by

leaYes and stens

stam distillation was analysed using gas chromatogaph (Gc)-flame

ionization detectors (FID) and GC-MS. Sixtv-two componeds s'ere

idntified. Hexadcanoic acid

(1

8.

l4%), docosane

(I

3.3470)'

germacrene D (7.6870), fen chyl acet^te (7 346/r), Benzvl benoate


(4. I I o/o) were found to be tlte major components in the whole

aerial

parts. This composition difiered according to the tested palt: 2 4

Nonadienal was th nain compound in the flowen

(I

germacrene D was the major component in leaves (3

2.13%) wh ile

I 43%)

ad

hexadecanoic acid inthe stems (13.94%) To evaluarc in vitro

antimicrobial activity, all volatile oils wre tested against six


Gram-positive and Gram-negativ bacteria and four fungi. The T'
boveana volatile oils exhibited an interesting antibacterial

activity

against all strains tested except Psudomonas aeruginosa but no

anrifungal activity was detected.( I )

(chemical Alelysi!) -?y'.

d,/

Thirty-four vegtation clusters identified in the present study' after

tnpt/ran..cbi,!ln,riL.eor/pubn.d/l7l2.ll!7

300
the application

-rtl,JbLl,JJlLit6)t)

ofTWINSPAN and DCA multivariate techniques'

ere assigned inlo 8 vegetation types, each

ofdefinite vegetation and

habitat haracten. The suggested vgetation g?es are

well

sgregated along the DCA axis one which reflects soil moistur,

salinity (as indicated by EC values), fertility (as indicated by fte


organic maner and nitrogen contents) and species diversity gtadients

In general, soil moisturE and soil fenility increase and species

diveniry decrases with lhe following sequence of vegetadon tyPes:


Echinops spinosissimus"Ononis semta on inland sand duns,
Pancratium maritimum on coastal sand dunes, Halocnemum

strobilaceum-Salsola kali in salin sand deposits, Atriplex


halimus-Chenopodium nurale along the tenacs and slopes ofdrains'
Arthrocnemum glaucum-Tamadx nilotica in salt marshes,
Chnopodium murale along the slopes ofdrains, Phragmites australis
along lhe littoral zones of drains, andlemna gibba-Potamogton
crispus in the water zone. This sequence reflects also a gradient

of

human inlerfernce, starling with the vegetation ofthe less dhturbed


habirars (sand dunes and saline sand deposits) and ending with the

tully man-made habitats (drain zons).( 1)

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