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ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK

A
Seminar Report
Submitted
In partial fulfilment
For the award of the Degree of
Master of Technology
In Department Electrical Engineering
(With Specialization in Power System Engineering)

Submitted To :

Submitted By:

Mr. Ajit Yadav

Nishant

Assistant Professor

15ELDPS610

Electrical Department

3rd Sem (Power System)

Department of Electrical Engineering


Laxmi Devi Institute of Engineering & Technology,Chikani, Alwar
Rajasthan Technical University, Kota
(December,2016)

DECLARATION
I, am Nishant student of Electrical Engineering of Laxmi Devi Institute of Engineering & Technology, Alwar
hereby declare that the all information written in this seminar report file are true.
The seminar entitled assigned to me by ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK during my seminar for the partial
fulfilment from Rajasthan Technical University, Kota is the original work done by me and the information
provided in the study is authentic to the best of my knowledge.

( NISHANT )
15ELDPS610

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I Wish to express my deep sense of gratitude to our PG Coordinator Mr. Ajit Yadav, Assistant Professor,
Department of Electrical Engineering, Laxmi Devi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Rajasthan Technical
University ,Who through his benevolent to me Without his keen interest and invaluable suggestions this work
could not have completed with zeal enthusiasm.
I am highly grateful to Mr. Prashant Vats, Head of Department of Electrical Engineering, for their kind support
for work.
I am obliged to Dr. Rajesh Bhardwaj (Group Director) of Laxmi Devi Institute of Engineering and Technology
for their kind invaluable time.I am amazed by their ability to provide an over reaching vision to various research
areas.
Finally,I express the deepest regards to my family for being supportive in all endeavours. I am also thankful to all
those who helped me directly or indirectly.

HEMANT KUMAR GUPTA


3rd Sem
15ELDPS604

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Sr. No.Topic

Page No.

CANDIDATE DECLARATION

ii

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

iii

CONTENTS

v-v

LIST OF FIGURES

vi

ABSTRACT

vii

Chapter-1
INTRODUCTION1-14
1.1 Renewable Energy

1.2 Overview

1.3 Biomass

1.4 Background

1.5 Drivers for biomass

1.6 Biomass types

1.7 Biomass Energy Technologies

1.8 Climate change scenario

13

1.9 Renewable energy challenges

14

Chapter-2
LITERATURE REVIEW

15-25

Chapter-3
METHODS OF EXTRACTING BIOMASS ENERGY

26-30

3.1 Direct Combustion

26

3.2 Gasification

27

3.3 Pyrolysis

28

3.4 Digestion

29

3.5 Fermentation

29

Chapter-4
BIOMASS ENERGY GENERATION

31-33

4.1 Constraints to Biomass Energy Use

31

4.2 Energy production

31

Chapter-5
BIOMASS POWER PRODUCTION WORLD WIDE

33-47

5.1 Lahti Gasification Cofiring Project, Lahti, Finland

33

5.2 Biomass in Asia

33

5.3Environmental& Biomass Energy

34

5.4 The Most Important Effects On The Environment

35

5.5 Advantages,Disadvantage& Application

44

Chapter-6
CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES

48-79

REFERENCES

50-51

LIST OF FIGURES
Fig. No. Fig.Name

Pg. No.

Fig. 1.1 Wind, solar, and biomass are three emerging renewable sources of energy

Fig.1.2 Biomass Energy Cycle

Fig. 1.3 Conversion from wind power to electrical power in a wind turbine

Fig. 1.4 Sustainable cycle

Fig. 1.5 The stages of the methane fermentation process

10

Fig. 1.6 The arrows represent material ows, energy ows,

11

Fig. 1.7 A biomass-gasier/gas turbine combined cycle

13

Fig. 1.8 A schematic illustration of greenhouse effect

14

Fig. 3.1 Direct Combustion Process

27

Fig.3.2 Gasification Process

28

Fig. 3.3 Pyrolysis Process

29

ABSTRACT

Biomass Energy, also called bio Power, is Electricity produced from biomass fuels. Biomass consists of plant
materials and animal products. Biomass fuels include residues from food production and processing, trees and
grasses grown specifically as energy crops, and gaseous fuels produced from solid biomass and wastes. This
paper highlights the various biomass materials available in the country and the available technologies that are
used for converting biomass to electricity. The paper also highlights the broad policy objectives of government
with regards to the development of renewable energy in general and biomass development in particular. The paper
concludes by exploring based on global experiences and best practices, the various options, and their resulting
prospects and challenges in producing electricity from biomass. The paper highlighting the fact that though the
prospects of using biomass for electricity generation is high; land availability, plant location, scale and choice of
technology and distribution of economic benefits are factors that have to be considered in deployingbiomass for
electricity generation
Key words-Energy, Biomass, Electricity production.