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SCIENCE 5TH CLASS

UNIT 10 TO 13
ANSWER THE FOLLOWING SHORT QUESTIONS
1. Define force
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Name different types of forces

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3. Give two examples of class three lever


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4. What is wedge
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5.

What is inertia

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6.

Give the difference between balanced and unbalanced forces

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7.

What is frictional force?how is it important

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8.

What is inclined plane?give two uses

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9.

What is best way to move heavy box so that least force is applied

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10. Give

difference between weight and mass

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11. Name

the components in electric circuit

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12. What

is the use of a fuse

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13. Write

a short note on lightening

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14. What

is magnetic field

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15. How

does a nail become a magnet

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16. How

can you make an electromagnet stronger

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17. What

is difference between temporary and permanent magnet

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18. When

are we able to see an object

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19. What

is luminous body

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20. What

are transparent substances

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21. How

does light travel?

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22. What

are characteristics of shadow

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23. How

does a solar eclipse take place

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24. How

does a lunar eclipse take place

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25. Name

different layers of atmosphere

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26. How

is ozone is useful to us

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27. What

is humidity

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28. What

is decantation

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29. Name

different steps involved in water treatment

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Fill in the blanks


I.

___________ is a influence that changes the state of rest or state


of motion of a body
II.
In case of push a body on which force is applied
moves__________ from you.
III. ___________ Force is a force which exists between any two
objects because of their masses.
IV. Inertia is proportional to an objects ___________.
V.
When unbalanced forces are acting on an object there is a change
in _____________ and ____________ .
VI. The two ends of a cell are called ______________conductor
/terminal.
VII. ____________ Electricity is ______________ at rest
current/statics.
VIII. Like charges ____________ Attract / repel.
IX. An electromagnet is a ____________ magnet,
temporary/permanent.
X.
The needle of a compass always points to the _______________
direction East-west/North-south.
XI. Effort is force applied _______________the machine. On/by
XII. Levers are of _____________ types. Two/three
XIII. Pulleys are of _____________ types. Two /three
XIV. __________is an example of third class lever. Knife/bottle opener
XV. Wax can be used to _______friction. Increase/decrease
XVI. A________ is a simple machine with sharp edges on one side and
blunt on other side. Wedge/screw
XVII. The layer of air surrounding the earth is
called__________troposphere /atmosphere
XVIII. The layer of atmosphere in which we live is
__________stratosphere/atmosphere
XIX. ____________ is an important plant nutrient, Nitrogen/Oxygen
XX. When there is more rainfall, the water table gets
_____________Higher / lower.
XXI. Purifying water by passing through a filter paper is called
_____________distillation/ filtration.
XXII. The Earth is a ____________ object. Luminous /Non luminous
XXIII. Light Travels in form of __________ . Rays/ Heat
XXIV.Substances that allow only a little light to pass through them are
called _____________substances. Transparent/translucent.

XXV. A Shadow _______________ in size as the distance of object from


the source of light decreases. Decrease/ Increase
XXVI.A ____________ Eclipse occurs In when earth comes Between
sun and moon. Solar/lunar
XXVII. Meteoroids burn up In _______________.
XXVIII. Oxygen helps in _____________.
XXIX.Sedimentation is __________________
XXX. Before collecting on non-porous rocks rain water ___________.
XXXI.Drinking in pure water causes ______________.

Correct the Following


I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.

Friction can be increased by polishing a surface.


Force has only magnitude
Fire tong is a third class lever.
Scissors is an example of third class lever.
When the Fulcrum is between load and effort it is second class
lever
VI. A burning candle is a non-luminous body.
VII. Substances that do not allow light to pass through them are called
translucent substances.
VIII. A shadow is always performed behind the source of light.
IX. Umbra is in partial darkness and receives some light from source.
X.
A lunar eclipse occurs when shadow of sun falls on moon.
XI. Solar eclipse can occur only a full moon day.

Type a simple machine.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Lift a heavy box from ground floor to 5fth floor of a building.


Take out nail from wall.
Lift a car to change a tyre.
Cut a fruit.
Move a load of bricks to 50 meter away.