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QUES OF ANAESTHESIA INCLUDING REGIONAL

ANAESTHESIA
TIME: 3 Hrs-Max,Marks: 100-Answer All Question
2..Discuss the
pre-operative preparation and the anaesthetic management of a Year old man with Diabetes
Mellitus scheduled for Elective Upper Abdominal Surgery=15m
3) Discuss the anaesthetic management for removal of foreign body in right Bronchus in a child
aged two
Years=15m
4..Discuss the various neurological complications of spinal and epidural anaesthesia=15m
Write short notes on:4 x 10=40m
5) Anaesthetic problems of ESRD (End stage renal disease)
6) Neonatal resuscitation.
7) Wrist Block
8) Mechanism of local
anaesthetics
613-P.G. DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS OCTOBER, 2013-ANAESTHESIA-PAPER-I
Time : 3 Hours-Max. Marks : 100-Answer All Questions
1..Describe the circle of Willis. Discuss the factors regulating cerebral blood flow=15m
2..What is Acid-base balance? How is it regulated? Mention the principles of management of
common acid-base disorders=15m
3..Describe the pharmacology of non-barbiturate IV induction agents. Give a view of merits and
demerits as compared to Thiopentone sodium=15m
4..Describe Low Flow anesthesia. How is it conducted? Discuss the advantages and
disadvantages=15m
Write short notes on: 4 x 10=40m
5.Nitric oxide 6.Local Anesthetic systemic toxicity 7.Anatomy of brachial plexus 8..WTG Morton
P.G. DIPLOMA INTERNAL EXAMINATION JUNE, 2013-ANAESTHESIA-PAPER-I
BASIC SCIENCES AS APPLIED TO ANAESHESIOLOGY-Time : 3 Hours-Max. Marks : 100
ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS
1..Describe the anatomy of the caudal epidural space with a note on caudal anaesthesia and its
complications=15m
2..Classify local anaesthetic drugs. Write briefly about the important and relevant drugs=15m
3..Describe kidney function tests and discuss its anaesthetic implications=15m
4..Describe the Anatomy of Cervical Plexus, method, indications and complications of the cervical
plexus block=15m
Write short notes on: 4 x 10=40m
5..Pulse oximetry. 6..W T G Morton. 7. Spinal Opioids
8..Cisatracurium.
613-P.G. DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS APRIL, 2013-ANAESTHESIA-PAPER-I
1..How do you classify breathing systems? Describe with the help of a diagram any one coaxial
breathing system. Describe its working principle=4+4+7=15m
2..Describe with the help of a diagram neuromuscular transmission. Add a note on extra junctional
receptors. What abnormalities of neuromuscular transmission are seen in the following
neuromuscular disorders=4+3+2+2+2+2=15m
a) Myaesthenic syndrome b) Myaesthenia gravis c) Paraplegia and d) Tetanus
3..What are causes, clinical and electrophysiological features of hyperkalemia? How would you treat
hyperkalemia?=3+2+4+6
4..Describe the working principle of capnography. What is the normal arterial to end-tidal carbon

dioxide gradient? What are the factors that increase it? Illustrate with appropriate diagram the
capnogram in the following situations: 3+1+3+2+2+4=15m
a)Normal
b) Severe bronchospasm.
What is the role of capnography in cardiopulmonary resuscitation?
Write short notes on: 4 x 10=40m
5..Forced expiratory volume in the first second
6..Henderson Hasselbalch equation
7..Systemic vascular resistance

8..Avogadros law and its clinical application in anaesthesia

613-P.G. DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS OCTOBER, 2012-ANAESTHESIA-PAPER-I


1..Describe the neuromuscular junction with the aid of a diagram. Explain the mechanism of action of
neuromuscular blockers=15m
2..Mention the changes in cardiovascular system during pregnancy. Enumerate measures for prevention and
treatment of hypotension after spinal block for lower segment caesarean section=15m

3..Explain the regulation of body temperature. What are the methods of preventing hypothermia in a
neonate?=15m
4..Describe the blood supply of the heart. Mention the factors controlling the coronary circulation=15
Write short notes on: 4 x 10=40m
5. Oxygen therapy 6. Sugammedex
7. Venturi principle
8. Sir Robert Macintosh
613-P.G. DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS APRIL, 2012-ANAESTHESIA-PAPER-I

1..How do you classify antiarrhythmic agents? Write briefly on the drug of choice to treat
a) Supraventricular tachycardia
b) Stable ventricular tachycardia=15m
2. Describe with the help of a diagram, the right atrial pressure waveform. Describe any one
technique of internal jugular vein cannulation. What are its indications and contraindications?
3. What are the causes, clinical and electrophysiological features of hypokalemia? How would you
treat hypokalemia?=15m
4. Describe the working principle of pulse oximetry. Describe how the following would affect pulse
oximetry:
(a) Carboxyhemoglobinemia (b) Hyperbilirubinemia
(c) Methemoglobinemia. Explain how a pulse oximeter is not a good monitor in the early
detection of hypoxia in a patient breathing higher concentrations of oxygen(e.g.,60%).
Write short notes on: 4 x 10 =40m
a). Peak expiratory flow rate b). Physiological dead space c). Neuromuscular monitoring
d). Metabolic acidosis
613-P.G. DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS OCT./NOV., 2011-ANAESTHESIA-PAPER-I

1..Anatomy of larynx, enumerate with diagrams. The types of vocal cord palsies=15m
2. Discuss the effects of posture during anaesthesia15m
3. Oxygen cascade, oxygen transport and oxygen dissociation curve=15m
4. Respiratory monitoring in anaesthesia=15m
Write short notes on: 4 x 10=40m
5. Crystalloid Vs. Colloids 6. Central venous cannulation 7. Defibrillation 8. Desflurane
613-P.G. DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS APRIL, 2011-ANAESTHESIA-PAPER-I

1..Describe the anatomy of Brachial Plexus. Describe the various approaches to Brachial Plexus
blocks and their clinical relevance to anaesthetic practice=15m
2. Effects of Hypothermia on cardio-respiratory physiology=15m
3. Describe the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of Haloginated ethers=15m
4. Describe various methods of sterilization of anaesthetic equipments=15m
Write short notes on: 4 x 10 =40m= 5. Venturi principle and its application in anaesthesia

6.Co-axial anaesthetic delivery systems. 7.Rationale of premedication 8.Plasma volume expanders


613-P.G. DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS OCT./NOV., 2010-ANAESTHESIA-PAPER-I

1.Discuss Lung Function Tests and their relevance to anaesthesia=15m


2. Enumerate the merits and demerits of inhalational agents in common use=15m
3. Describe anatomy of diaphragm. What are the causes of diaphragmatic paralysis under anaesthesia
Enumerate.

4. Describe in detail anaesthetic breathing systems\=15m


Write short notes on: 4 x 10=40m
5. W.T.G. Morton. 6. Pulmonary Oedema. 7. Acute Pain Service

8. Venturi Principle

613-P.G. DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS APRIL, 2010-ANAESTHESIA-PAPER-I

1. Describe anatomy of Larynx. Discuss various vocal cord palsies=15m


2. Describe in detail Total Intravenous Anaesthesia.=15m
3. Describe kidney function tests. Discuss its anaesthetic implications=15m
4. Describe Capnography. Mention physical principles involved and its importance=15m
Write short notes on: 4 x 10=5. Horace wells
6.Bronchospasm under anaesthesia.
7. Measurement of blood cases and Acid Base state.
8. Hyperbaric oxygen.
613-P.G. DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS NOVEMBER, 2009-ANAESTHESIA-PAPER-I
1. Discuss the Liver function tests and their relevance to anaesthetists=15m
2. Enumerate the merits and demerits of various Total Intravenous anaesthetic agents in common use=15m
3. Describe the Brocho pulmonary segments. Discuss the important Lung Function tests relevant to anesthesi

4. Define and classify Vaporizers. Mention the physical principles involved=15m


Write short notes on:5. Gestational Diabetes
6. Intraoperative bronchospasm 7. Spinal opioids
8. Jet ventilation
613-P.G. DIPLOMA EXAMINATIONS APRIL/MAY, 2009-ANAESTHESIA-PAPER-I
1. Describe the anatomy of the Epidural space. Discuss the complications of spinal and epidutar anaesthesia
2. Describe the maternal physiological changes during pregnancy. What are the anaesthetic implications?

3. Describe how you will differentiate different types of Neuromuscular blockade? Discuss the
factors which modify neuromuscular blocking action of muscle relaxants=15m
4. What is Humidification? Describe the various methods used to humidify the inspired gases=15m
Write short notes on: 4 x 10=40m
5. Breath holding tests
6. Ayres T piece
7. Goldmans criteria
8. Bispectral index.