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SEMESTER SEPTEMBER 2016

TDB 1133
DATA COMMUNICATION AND
NETWORKING

GROUP MEMBERS NAME:


1) SYAKIRAH AIMI BINTI SUPIAN
2) NUR FATIN FIRZANAH BINTI MOHD FAUZI
3) UMEETA KAUR A/P HARBINDAR SINGH

BIS 22979
ICT 22981
ICT 23002

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Introduction
Cyber caf is giving countless benefits for people. It is providing internet for the people who seek
for internet connection, either for gaming, working or even tourist who needs it whenever theyre abroad.
Most cyber cafes have more than one computer. Think about how great it would be if these
computers could share information. When computers are connected to each other, they can share a single
printer, use a single internet connection, share files such as images, spreadsheets and documents, allow
users at different computers to play games together and send the output of a device like a DVD player or
Webcam to another computer. PCs can be connected in a variety of ways, it can be connected with wiring
the building or house with data cables, run cables across the floor between computers in the same room,
install some form of wireless network, link computer through power or phone lines and walk diskettes
back and forth between computers. However, this is inexpensive but tiresome.
Each of these methods has advantages and disadvantages. However, all (except physically
carrying diskettes between computers) require that computers be configured to share printers, files and an
Internet connection as well as be protected by a layer of security. Additionally, computer networking will
largely depend on ones budget, geographical location and available options.
To install a network, there are three basic steps. Firstly, choose the technology to be used for the
network. Will the network be based on phone lines, standard Ethernet, power lines or wireless? Next, buy
and install the hardware and configure the system and get everything working together correctly. This last
step is extremely important. It is also educational.

Objective of the Project


Networking is the practice of linking two or more computing devices together for the purpose of
sharing data. Networks are also built with a mix of computer hardware and computer software. Networks
can be categorized in three different categories. Local area networks (LANs) are for single home, school,
cyber cafes or small office building. Wide area networks (WANs), reach across cities, states or even
across the world and the Internet is the worlds largest public WAN.
Computer networks design divided into client-server which is the networks feature centralized
server computers that store email, web pages, files and or applications. Then, a peer-to-peer (P2P)
network is a type of decentralized and distributed network architecture. A network topology: 1) bus
networks- all of the computers share and communicate across one common conduit. 2) star networks- all
data flows through one centralized device. 3) ring networks- sends data clockwise or counterclockwise
through the shared link.
However, the best network for cyber caf is the star network.

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Sample Network Topology (Diagram)

Network Configuration Details


Network ID
Room 1

: 1.0.0.1

Room 2

: 1.0.1.0

Room 3 & Room 4

: 192.168.0.1

IP Address
Room 1

: 1.0.0.2
: 1.0.0.3
: 1.0.0.4
: 1.0.0.5
: 1.0.0.6
: 1.0.0.7
: 1.0.0.8
: 1.0.0.9
: 1.0.0.10
: 1.0.0.11

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Room 2

: 1.0.1.1
: 1.0.0.2
: 1.0.0.3
: 1.0.0.4
: 1.0.0.5
: 1.0.0.6
: 1.0.0.7
: 1.0.0.8
: 1.0.0.9
: 1.0.0.10

Room 3 & 4

: 192.168.0.11
: 192.168.0.12
: 192.168.0.14
: 192.168.0.25

What you have learned in this course?

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Data communications refers to the transmission of digital data between two or more
computers and a computer network or data network is a telecommunications network that allows
computers to exchange data. The physical connection between networked computing devices is
established using either cable media or wireless media. The best-known computer network is the
Internet. Therefore, in this course, we are able to learn the basics of Data Communication and
Computer Network (DCN) and the various advance concepts.
We also learned about Packet Tracer which is a cross-platform visual simulation program
designed by Cisco Systems that allows users to create network topologies and imitate modern
computer networks. The software allows users to simulate the configuration of Cisco routers and
switches using a simulated command line interface. Therefore, we can get a clear idea on how to
design any network diagram with the uses of IP address, switches, routers and hubs. Also, we
learn about the categories of topology where there are mesh topology, star topology, bus
topology and ring topology. We also learn about the classes of IP address (A, B, C, D, E) and on
how to convert IP addresses from binary notation to decimal point notation. With knowledge of
all this, we can learn to create a network using hubs and switches, know about the network
settings such as LAN, and the role of interconnecting/networking devices such as Hubs and
Switches in LANs. By this, we can understand the switched network in further details.
As for the lab project that we are doing, we are learning on how to create a network
diagram where we need to study about IP addresses and learn to analyst the Address Resolution
Protocol (ARP), MAC table of switch, Routing table of router and ICMP. To do this project, we
have to use all the knowledge that we have learnt based on the course of Data Communications
and Network. We have to apply whatever that we have learnt such as the uses of an IP addresses,
switches, routers, hubs and others. With this project, we can learn more about networking and
hopefully be able to apply this knowledge for the future and for other purposes for network
handling.

What is your suggestion towards the improvement of this course?

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My suggestion towards the improvements of this course is to have more and further
guides to the Cisco Packet Tracer. This Packet Tracer is an innovative network simulation and
visualization tool that can help in our configuration skills. With the further guides towards this
tool can sharpen and build our skills in the configuration.
Besides, more comprehensive assessment to the simulation and the configuration skills in
the Packet Tracer also can improve the students understanding towards this course. Assessment
should be expanded beyond simple quiz scores and the lecturers can monitor the students
assessment in the class. This suggestion also should be an opportunity for students to learn from
their mistakes, retake their quiz and improve their scores.
Last but not least is through cooperative learning. Working together on project teams and
guided by lecturers can ensure students learn the skills of collaborating, manage and solve their
study case in groups. Each member of a team is responsible for learning the course matter as well
as helping teammates to learn. Cooperative learning is very important as it can develop social as
well as providing a valuable foundation for their lives as workers later.