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SKOR A KIMIA 2014

TAJUK: GARAM ANALISIS KUALITATIF


SET 1
a. The following equation represents the reaction between silver nitrate
solution and hydrochloric acid.
Persamaan berikut menunjukkan tindak balas antara larutan argentum nitrat
dan asid hidroklorik.
AgNO3 (aq) + HCl (aq)

AgCl (s) + HNO 3 (aq)

(i) Name the type of reaction.


Namakan jenis tindak balas.

.
(ii) Write the ionic equation for the reaction.
Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas tersebut

.
[2
markah]
b. Diagram 9 shows an incomplete flow chart of cation and anion tests for salt
Y.
Rajah 9 menunjukkan carta alir yang tidak lengkap bagi ujian kation dan
anion bagi suatu garam Y .
Salt Y
Garam Y

Anion Test
Ujian anion

Cation Test
Ujian kation

NO3-

Zn2+
Diagram 9
Rajah 9

Use the reagents listed below, describe the cation and anion tests to confirm
that salt Y contains Pb2+ ions and NO3- ions. Include your observations of the
tests.
Dengan menggunakan reagen-reagen yang disenaraikan di bawah, huraikan
ujian kation dan anion untuk mengesahkan bahawa garam Y mengandungi
ion Pb2+ and NO3-. Sertakan pemerhatian yang diperolehi dalam ujian.
REAGENTS /REAGEN
Sodium hydroxide solution, ammonia solution, acidified iron (II)
sulphate solution, concentrated sulphuric acid, dilute sulphuric
acid and potassium iodide solution
Larutan natrium hidroksida, larutan ammonia, larutan ferum(II)
sulfat berasid, asid sulfurik pekat, asid sulfurik cair dan larutan
kalium iodida.

[8 mark]

.
C. You are required to prepare zinc sulphate salt. The chemicals supplied are as
follows:
- zinc oxide powder
- 1.0 mol dm-3 of sulphuric acid
Describe a laboratory experiment to prepare the salt. In your description, include
the chemical equations involved.
Anda dikehendaki menyediakan garam zink sulfat.Bahan-bahan kimia yang
berikut dibekalkan:
- serbuk zink oksida
- Asid sulfurik 1.0 mol dm -3
Y
Huraikan satu eksperimen makmal untukSalt
menyediakan
garam tersebut.Dalam
Garam
huraian anda, sertakan persamaan-persamaan Ykimia yang terlibat.
[10 mark]

Anion Test
Cation Test
.
Ujian anion
Ujian kation

NO3Zn2+
.

.
SKOR A KIMIA 2014
TAJUK: GARAM ANALISIS KUALITATIF
SET 2
Diagram 4 shows a series reaction of zinc compound.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan satu siri tindak balas bagi sebatian zink.

a)

Zinc nitrate solution reacts with sodium carbonate solution to form zinc
carbonate precipitate.
Larutan zink nitrat bertindak balas dengan larutan natrium karbonat
untuk membentuk mendakan zink karbonat.
(i)

What is the colour of zinc carbonate?


Apakah warna zink karbonat?

..
[1 mark]
(ii) Name the reaction.
Namakan tindak balas ini.
..........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
b) Heating of zinc carbonate produce zinc oxide and gas R.

Pemanasan zink karbonat menghasilkan zink oksida dan gas R.


i) Name gas R.
Namakan gas R.

ii)

[1 mark
Write the chemical equation of the reaction.
Tulis persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas ini.
......................................................
[2 marks]

(iii) Draw a labeled diagram for the heating of zinc carbonate to produce zinc
oxide and gas R. In your diagram show how gas R is tested.
Lukis gambar rajah berlabel bagi pemanasan zink karbonat untuk
menghasilkan zink oksida dan gas R. Dalam gambar rajah anda,
tunjukkan bagaimana gas R itu diuji.

[2 marks]
(c) Zinc carbonate reacts with sulphuric acid to produce zinc sulphate. The chemical
equation is shown below.
Zink karbonat bertindak balas dengan asid sulfuric untuk menghasilkan zink
sulfat. Persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas ini ditunjukkan di bawah.
ZnCO3 +

H2SO4

ZnSO4 + CO2 + H2O

6.5 g Zinc carbonate reacts completely with excess sulphuric


acid. Calculate the mass of zinc sulphate produced.
6.5 g zink karbonat bertindak balas lengkap dengan asid
sulfuric berlebihan. Hitungkan jisim zink sulfat yang terbentuk.
[Relative molecular mass: ZnCO3 = 125, ZnSO4 = 148]
[Jisim molekul relative: ZnCO3 = 125, ZnSO4 = 148]

SKOR A KIMIA 2014


TAJUK: GARAM ANALISIS KUALITATIF
SET 3

Diagram 4 shows Experiments I and II in the preparation of a salt.


Rajah 4 menunjukkan Eksperimen 1 dan II dalam penyediaan garam.
Experime
nt
Eksperim

Metho
d
Kaed
-3

0.1 mol dm hydrochloric acid


-3
0.1 mol dm asid hidroklorik

-3

25.0 cm of 0.2 mol dm sodium hydroxide


+
phenolphthalein
3
-3
25.0 cm natrium hidroksida 0.2 mol dm
+
fenolftalein
3

II

10 cm of
1.0 mol
-3
dm
lead(II) nitrate
Excess potassium solution
iodide solution
3
10 cm larutan
kalium iodida plumbum(II)
berlebihan
nitrat
-3
1.0 mol dm

Larutan

Precipitate X

Rajah 4
(a) Based on Experiment I:
Berdasarkan Eksperimen I :
(i) State the name for the reaction.
Nyatakan nama bagi tindak balas itu.
.......................................................................................................
........
........
........
...
[1 mark]
(ii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction that occurs in the
conical flask.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindakbalas yang berlaku di
dalam kelalang kon.
.....................................................................................................
........
........
........
1 mark]
(iii) State the colour change in the conical flask at the end point.
Nyatakan perubahan warna di dalam kelalang kon pada takat
akhir.
.....................................................................................................
........
........
........
1 mark]

(iv) Calculate the volume of hydrochloric acid used to


neutralise the sodium hydroxide solution.
Hitungkan isi padu asid hidroklorik yang digunakan untuk
meneutralkan larutan natrium hidroksida.

[2 marks]
(b) Based on Experiment II:
Berdasarkan Eksperimen II :

(i) State the name of the reaction.


Nyatakan nama bagi tindak balas itu.
.....................................................................................................
........
........
........
...
[1 mark]
(ii) State the name of precipitate X.
Nyatakan nama bagi mendakan X.
.....................................................................................................
........
........
........
...
[1 mark]
(iii) Write the ionic equation for the reaction.
Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas itu.
.....................................................................................................
........
........
........
...
[1 mark]
(iv) Calculate the maximum mass of
precipitate X formed. [Relative atomic
mass ; Pb=207, I=127]
Hitungkan jisim maksimum mendakan X
yang terbentuk. [Jisim atom relatif ;
Pb=207, I=127]

SKOR A KIMIA 2014


TAJUK: GARAM ANALISIS KUALITATIF
SET 4
The diagram 1 shows series of reactions for the preparation of copper(II)
chloride from copper(II) carbonate.

Rajah 1 di bawah menunjukkan siri tindak balas untuk penghasilan copper(II)


klorida daripada kuprum(II) karbonat.
Copper(II) carbonate
Kuprum(II) karbonat

Step I /
Langkah
1

Solid X
Pepejal
X

Colourless gas Y
Gas Y tidak
berwarna

Step II
Excess solid X is added to
dilute hydrochloric acid
Langkah II
Pepejal X berlebihan
ditambah kepada asid
hidroklorik cair
Solution R
Larutan R
Step III/ Langkah
III
Copper(II)
chloride
Kuprum(II)

Diagram 1/ Rajah 1
Based on the diagram,
Berdasarkan Rajah 1,
(a) (i) Name the solid X
Namakan pepejal X

[ 1
mark ]
(ii) suggest how to change copper(II) carbonate to solid X in step I.
Cadangkan bagaimana untuk mengubah kuprum(II) karbonat kepada
pepejal X dalam
langkah I

[ 1
mark ]
(iii) explain how gas Y is identified.
Jelaskan bagaimana gas Y ditentukan.

marks

[ 2
]

(iv) Draw a labelled diagram of the apparatus


produce solid X and
identify gas Y in step I.

that you can use

to

Lukis gambarajah berlabel pasangan alat radas yang anda boleh


gunakan untuk
menghasilkan pepejal X dan tentukan gas Y dalam langkah I

[ 2
marks]
(b) (i) Why is excess of solid X added to the heated dilute hydrochloric acid in
step II?
Kenapakan pepejal X berlebihan ditambah kepada asid hidroklorik
yang dipanaskan dalam langkah II?

.
[ 1
mark ]
(ii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction in step II.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas di dalam langkah II
.
[ 1
mark ]

(c)

Describe how copper(II) chloride crystals are obtained from solution R


in step III.
Huraikan bagaiman Kristal kuprum(II) klorida diperoleh dari larutan R
dalam langkah III

[ 3
marks ]

SKOR A KIMIA 2014


TAJUK: GARAM ANALISIS KUALITATIF
SET 5
The diagram 2 shows the formation of lead(II) nitrate and its changes to other compounds.
Rajah 2 di bawah menunjukkan pembentukan lead(II) nitrate dan perubahannya dengan
sebatian lain.

Lead(II) oxide
Plumbum(II)
oksida

+ compound
J
+ Sebatian J

Lead(II) nitrate
Plumbum(II)
nitrat

Brown gas
Gas perang

+ copper(II) chloride
solution
+ larutan kuprum(II)
Compound Z copper(II)
nitrate
Sebatian Z kuprum(II)
Diagram 2/ Rajah 2
(a)

(ii)

(i) Lead(II) oxide has reacted with compound J to form lead(II) nitrate.
Name compound J.
Lead(II) oxide bertindak balas dengan sebatian J untuk
menghasilkan plumbum(II)
nitrat. Namakan sebatian J.
.........................................................................................................
........................
[1 mark]
Write the chemical equation for the reaction in (a) (i)
Tulis persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas di (a) (i)
..........................................................................................................
...................
[1
mark]
(b)

(i)
Name the brown gas.
Namakan gas perang tersebut.
............................................................................................................
.....................
[1
mark]

Write the chemical equation for the reaction in (b) (i)


Tulis persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas di (b) (i)
............................................................................................................
.....................
[1
mark]
(c)

When copper(II) chloride solution is added to lead(II) nitrate solution, a precipitate Z and
copper(II) nitrate are produced.
Apabila larutan kuprum(II) klorida dengan larutan plumbum(II) nitrat, mendakan Z dan

kuprum(II) nitrat terhasil.


(i)

Name the type of reaction occurs.


Namakan jenis tindak balas yang berlaku
............................................................................................................
.....................
[1
mark]

(ii)

Write the ionic equation for the formation of compound Z.


Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi pembentukan sebatian Z.
............................................................................................................
.....................
[1
mark]

(iii)

State how compound Z is separated from copper(II) nitrate.


Nyatakan bagaimana sebatian Z diasingkan daripada kuprum(II) nitrat
............................................................................................................
.......................
[1 mark]
(d)

Sodium hydroxide solution is added a little at a time to lead(II) nitrate solution until in
excess. What is the observation?
Larutan natrium hidroksida ditambah sedikit demi sedikit kepada larutan plumbum(II)
nitrat secara berlebihan. Apakah yang dapat diperhatikan?
................................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

SKOR A KIMIA 2014


TAJUK: GARAM ANALISIS KUALITATIF
SET 6
10.0 cm of 1.0 mol dm-3 sodium iodide is poured to 8 different test tubes.
Different volume of 1.0 moldm-3 lead (II) nitrate are added to each test tube.
The height of precipitate formed in each test tube is measured.
10.0 cm natruim iodida 1.0 mol dm-3 di masukkan ke dalam 8 tabung uji yang
berbeza. Plumbum (II) nitrat 1.0 mol dm -3 ditambah ke dalam setiap tabung uji
dengan menggunakan isipadu yang berbeza. Ketinggian mendakan yang
terbentuk di dalam setiap tabung uji diukur.
The graph below is obtained when the height of precipitate is plotted against the
volume of lead (II) nitrate solution.
Graf dibawah terhasil apabila ketinggian mendakan melawan isipadu larutan
plumbum (II) nitrat diplotkan
Height of
precipitate/c
m
ketinggian
mendakan/c
5

1 2

Volume of lead(II)nitrate /
cm3
Isipadu plumbum(II)nitrat /

(a)

Name the precipitate formed.


Namakan mendakan yang terbentuk.
................................................................................................................
............................
[ 1
mark ]
(b)

(c)

3
10 cm
of 1.0 mol dm-3 lead (II) nitrate is added to
1.0 mol dm-3
sodium iodide solution. Estimate the height of the precipitate formed.
10 cm3 larutan plumbum (II) nitrat 1.0 mol dm-3 ditambah kedalam
1.0 mol dm-3 larutan natrium iodida. Anggarkan ketinggian mendakan
yang terbentuk.
................................................................................
........................................................
[ 1 mark ]

Based on the above graph, what is the volume of lead (II) nitrate
needed to completely react with sodium iodide solution?
Berdasarkan graf diatas, apakah isipadu plumbum (II) nitrat yang
diperlukan untuk bertindak balas dengan lengkap dengan larutan
natrium iodida?

................................................................................................................
...........................
[1mark]
(d) Calculate
Kirakan
(i) the number of moles of potassium iodide in the reaction.
bilangan mol bagi kalium iodida dalam tindak balas tersebut

[ 1 mark ]
(ii)
the number of moles of lead (II) nitrate that has completely
reacted with potassium
iodide solution.
Bilangan mol bagi plumbum (II) nitrat yang bertindak balas
dengan lengkap
dengan larutan kalium iodida.

[ 1 mark ]
(e)

Write the ionic equation for the formation of the precipitate.


Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi pembentukan mendakan tersebut

......................................................................................
...................................................
[ 1 mark ]

(f)
The concentration of lead(II) nitrate is changed from 1.0 mol dm -3 to 2.0
mol dm-3 .
Sketch the graph obtained on the above graph.
Kepekatan plumbum (II) nitrat ditukar dari 1.0 mol dm -3 kepada 2.0 mol
dm-3 . lakarkan graf yang terhasil di dalam graf di atas.
[ 1 mark]
(h)

The mixture in test tube 8 is filtered. State the observation when the
sodium hydroxide solution is added to the filtrate until in excess .
Campuran di dalam tabung uji 8 di turas. Nyatakan pemerhatian
apabila larutan natrium hiroksida ditambah secara berlebihan kepada
hasil turasan .
.

[ 2 marks ]

SKOR A KIMIA 2014


TAJUK: GARAM ANALISIS KUALITATIF
SET 7
Diagram 4 shows the reaction scheme of lead (II) carbonate.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan skema tindak balas bagi plumbum (II) karbonat.

Diagram
4/Rajah 4

(a)

L
e
a
d

(II) carbonate reacts with nitric acid to produce salt X, Gas Y and water.
Gas Y turns lime chalky.
Plumbum (II) karbonat bertindak balas dengan asid nitrik
untuk
menghasilkan garam X, gas Y dan air. Gas Y menukarkan air kapur
menjadi keruh.
(i)

Based on the diagram 4 identify salt X and gas Y.


Describe briefly chemical test to verify the kation and anion in X
solution
Berdasarkan Rajah 4, kenalpasti garam X dan gas Y.
Huraikan secara ringkas ujian kimia untuk mengesahkan kation dan
anion dalam larutan X.
[7 marks]

(ii)

In an experiments, excess lead (II) carbonates is added to 100cm 3of


1.0 mol dm-3 of nitric acid.
Write the chemical equation for the reaction and calculate the
volume of gas Y produced at the room conditions.
Dalam satu eksperimen, plumbum (II) karbonat berlebihan
ditambahkan ke dalam 100 cm3 asid nitric 1.0 moldm-3.
Tulis persamaan kimia yang seimbang bagi tindak balas itu dan
hitung isipadu gas Y yang terhasil pada keadaan bilik.
[ 1 mol of any gas occupies 24 dm3mol-1 at room conditions ]
[ 1 mol sebarang gas menempati 24 dm3 mol-1 pada keadaan bilik]
[ 6 marks]

(iii)

X can be converted back to lead (II) carbonate through reaction W


Suggest a suitable chemical substance that can be used to convert
X to lead (II) carbonate.
State the name of reaction W.
State the observation and include an ionic equation inyour answer.
X boleh ditukarkan semula kepada plumbum (II) karbonat melalui
tindak balas W.
Cadangkan satu bahan kimia yang sesuai yang boleh digunakan
untuk menukarkan X kepada plumbum (II) karbonat.
Nyatakan nama tindak balas W.
Nyatakan pemerhatian dan sertakan persamaan ion dalam jawapan
anda.
[ 4 marks]

(b)

Based on Diagram 4, compare and contrast the observations for lead (II)
carbonate and solid X when both compound are heated separately.
Berdasarkan rajah 4, banding dan bezakan bagi plumbum (II) karbonat
dan pepejal X apabila kedua-dua sebatian itu dipanaskan secara
berasingan.
[ 3
marks ]

SKOR A KIMIA 2014


TAJUK: GARAM ANALISIS KUALITATIF
SET 8
(a) (i)

Name a soluble salt and an insoluble salt.


Namakan garam larut dan garam tak larut.
(ii) Write a chemical equation for the preparation of each type of salt given by you.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi penyediaan setiap jenis garam yang dinyatakan di
(a)(i).
[4 marks]

(b) You are given zinc nitrate crystals. Describe how you can perform a chemical test to confirm
the presence of zinc ions and nitrate ions in the zinc nitrate crystals.
Anda diberikan kristal zink nitrat. Terangkan bagaimana anda menjalankan ujian kimia ke
atas kehadiran ion zink dan ion nitrat yang hadir didalam kristal zink nitrat tersebut
[6 marks]

(c) You are required to prepare magnesium nitrate salt from the chemical substances provided
below.
Anda perlu menghasilkan garam magnesium nitrat dari bahan kimia yang disenaraikan di
bawah.

Magnesium sulphate
solution
Larutan Magnesium sulfat
Dilute nitric acid
Acid nitrik cair
Sodium carbonat solution
Larutan natrium karbonat

Your answer should include all the chemical equations involved in the reactions.
Jawapan anda perlu mengandungi semua persamaan kimia yang terlibat di dalam tindak
Balas.
[10 marks]