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Learning Area
Learning Objectives

23/2/2015 (Monday)
80 minutes (9.00 10.20 am)
Introduction to Physics
1.5 Analysing Scientific Investigations

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the class, the students will be able to:

1. Identify variables in a given situation.
2. Identify a question suitable for scientific investigation.
3. Form a hypothesis.
4. Design and carry out a simple experiment to test the hypothesis.
5. Record and present data in a suitable form.
6. Interpret data to draw a conclusion.
7. Write a report of the investigation.

Prerequisite : Knowledge
and skills

Students know :
Student have learnt about measurement and scientific investigation during lower form


Power point presentation, worksheet, text book and reference book and practical book

Pedagogy : Strategies
Language focus
Scientific and/or Nobel

Constructivism and experimentation

Inference, hypothesis, variables, record data, plotting graph and conclusion
Being cooperative, systematic and accurate in recording data

To identify
variables in a
given situation

To identify a
question suitable
for scientific

Teachers Activities

Teacher wish students

Students pay attention and
and ask them to watch a watch the video clip shown
video clip shown , to
attract students attention
Students observed the
Teacher shows a picture picture.
to the class.
Teacher ask the students
to state the physical
quantities from the
Teacher introduce
manipulative, responsive
and fixed variables, and
ask students to classified
the variables stated

To state an
inference and a
hypothesis for

Students Activities

Teacher ask students to

state an inference and a
Then teacher ask the
students about the
relationship between
manipulative variables
and the responsive

Students state the variables

observed from the picture
Students say out the
inference and the
hypothesis from the
Students listen to the
teachers explanations
Students state the aims of
the experiment
Students planning an
experiment using the

Questions and expected

Teacher: Good morning and
how are you today?

Vibration/ oscillationa to and fro motions

Stud: Fine.

Period- a time taken

for one complete
Teacher: everybody please pay oscillations
attention to the picture
inference- An opinion
Teacher: OK now, state the
about something that
variables from the picture
is based on
Stud: length of string, mass,
weight, swing time
Teacher: Can you classified
the variables into three types
as mention?

hypothesis- an idea
that attempts to
explain something but
has not yet been tested
or proved to be correct

Manipulative variableStud: manipulative variables is a controlled variables

length of string,L
Responsive variables is time
Responsive variable- a
for 20 oscillation or period, T variable that depends
on manipulative
Teacher: Now, State the
inference that might be
applied to the picture.
Fixed variablea variable that kept
Stud: length of string, L
influence the period, T

Teacher correcting
students answers by
explaining the difference
in writing the statements
of inference and
To design and
carry out a simple
experiment to test
the hypothesis

Teacher introduces the

lesson: Introduction of
Scientific investigation,
then stating the
importance of scientific

To record and
present data in a
suitable form

Teacher ask students to

state the aims of the
experiment before
setting up the apparatus
and then plot the graph
from the data obtained

To interpret data to
draw a conclusion

Teacher asks students to

state the relationship
between length, L and
period, T.

Plotting graph to
analyze the data

Teacher explains the

difference between the
graph of length,L vs
time,t and the graph of
length,L vs period,T.
Teacher check students

apparatus provided, that

similar to the real situation
Students set up the
apparatus and measure the
length of the string, L with
meter rule. Record the time
for 20 oscillations, t .
Students repeat the
experiment with different
length of the string and
tabulate the data.

Teacher: What about the

hypothesis? anybody want to
Stud: If Length increases, the
period is also increased

Teacher:Everybody arrange
yourself in a group of four or
three, because now we are
going to investigate our stated
OK now, before you start the
Students plot a graph of the experiment, what is the aims
two variables.
of the experiment?
State the relationship
between length and period.
Students show their

Stud: the aims of the

experiment is to investigate
the relationship between
period, T and the length, L
Teacher: Everybody ready for
your investigation? Ok you
can start collecting the
apparatus and assemble it.

Teacher: Make sure you have

To write a report
Teacher ask students to
of the investigation write a report according
to the standard format

at least 5 different length of

the string, and dont forget to
draw a table to represent your
Stud: Ok

At the end of the lesson,

teacher recap the lesson,
and show a picture as a

Teacher: now, I want you to

take out a graph paper and
start plotting the graph. Can
you tell me which axis is for
Stud: x-axis
Teacher: Good, how about T?
Teacher: I want you to write a
complete report according to
the format given