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TEACHING AND LEARNING MODULES FOR PHYSICS

Form
Date
Duration
Learning Area
Learning Objectives

401
23/2/2015 (Monday)
80 minutes (9.00 10.20 am)
Introduction to Physics
1.5 Analysing Scientific Investigations

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the class, the students will be able to:


1. Identify variables in a given situation.
2. Identify a question suitable for scientific investigation.
3. Form a hypothesis.
4. Design and carry out a simple experiment to test the hypothesis.
5. Record and present data in a suitable form.
6. Interpret data to draw a conclusion.
7. Write a report of the investigation.

Prerequisite : Knowledge
and skills

Students know :
Student have learnt about measurement and scientific investigation during lower form

Material

Power point presentation, worksheet, text book and reference book and practical book

Pedagogy : Strategies
Language focus
Scientific and/or Nobel
Values

Constructivism and experimentation


Inference, hypothesis, variables, record data, plotting graph and conclusion
Being cooperative, systematic and accurate in recording data

Learning
Outcomes
To identify
variables in a
given situation

To identify a
question suitable
for scientific
investigation

Teachers Activities

Teacher wish students


Students pay attention and
and ask them to watch a watch the video clip shown
video clip shown , to
attract students attention
Students observed the
Teacher shows a picture picture.
to the class.
Teacher ask the students
to state the physical
quantities from the
picture
Teacher introduce
manipulative, responsive
and fixed variables, and
ask students to classified
the variables stated
before.

To state an
inference and a
hypothesis for
investigations

Students Activities

Teacher ask students to


state an inference and a
hypothesis
Then teacher ask the
students about the
relationship between
manipulative variables
and the responsive

Students state the variables


observed from the picture
shown
Students say out the
inference and the
hypothesis from the
observation.
Students listen to the
teachers explanations
Students state the aims of
the experiment
Students planning an
experiment using the

Questions and expected


answers/Notes
Teacher: Good morning and
how are you today?

Vocabulary
Vibration/ oscillationa to and fro motions

Stud: Fine.

Period- a time taken


for one complete
Teacher: everybody please pay oscillations
attention to the picture
inference- An opinion
Teacher: OK now, state the
about something that
variables from the picture
is based on
shown
information
Stud: length of string, mass,
weight, swing time
Teacher: Can you classified
the variables into three types
as mention?

hypothesis- an idea
that attempts to
explain something but
has not yet been tested
or proved to be correct

Manipulative variableStud: manipulative variables is a controlled variables


length of string,L
Responsive variables is time
Responsive variable- a
for 20 oscillation or period, T variable that depends
on manipulative
Teacher: Now, State the
variable
inference that might be
applied to the picture.
Fixed variablea variable that kept
Stud: length of string, L
constant
influence the period, T

Teacher correcting
students answers by
explaining the difference
in writing the statements
of inference and
hypothesis
To design and
carry out a simple
experiment to test
the hypothesis

Teacher introduces the


lesson: Introduction of
Scientific investigation,
then stating the
importance of scientific
investigation

To record and
present data in a
suitable form

Teacher ask students to


state the aims of the
experiment before
setting up the apparatus
and then plot the graph
from the data obtained

To interpret data to
draw a conclusion

Teacher asks students to


state the relationship
between length, L and
period, T.

Plotting graph to
analyze the data
collected

Teacher explains the


difference between the
graph of length,L vs
time,t and the graph of
length,L vs period,T.
Teacher check students

apparatus provided, that


similar to the real situation
shown
Students set up the
apparatus and measure the
length of the string, L with
meter rule. Record the time
for 20 oscillations, t .
Students repeat the
experiment with different
length of the string and
tabulate the data.

Teacher: What about the


hypothesis? anybody want to
try?
Stud: If Length increases, the
period is also increased

Teacher:Everybody arrange
yourself in a group of four or
three, because now we are
going to investigate our stated
hypothesis.
OK now, before you start the
Students plot a graph of the experiment, what is the aims
two variables.
of the experiment?
State the relationship
between length and period.
Students show their
findings

Stud: the aims of the


experiment is to investigate
the relationship between
period, T and the length, L
Teacher: Everybody ready for
your investigation? Ok you
can start collecting the
apparatus and assemble it.

Teacher: Make sure you have

finding
To write a report
Teacher ask students to
of the investigation write a report according
to the standard format

at least 5 different length of


the string, and dont forget to
draw a table to represent your
data
Stud: Ok

At the end of the lesson,


teacher recap the lesson,
and show a picture as a
homework

Teacher: now, I want you to


take out a graph paper and
start plotting the graph. Can
you tell me which axis is for
L?
Stud: x-axis
Teacher: Good, how about T?
Teacher: I want you to write a
complete report according to
the format given