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DAFTAR ISI

BAB I PENDAHULUAN.................................................................................................1
BAB II ATMOSFER..........................................................................................................4
A. Pengertian Atmosfer..................................................................................................4
B. Komposisi Atmosfer..................................................................................................5
C. Lapisan Atmosfer....................................................................................................11
BAB III FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENGENDALI IKLIM...................................................18
A. Garis Lintang..........................................................................................................18
B. Samudra...................................................................................................................23
C. Benua.......................................................................................................................25
D. Topografi.................................................................................................................27
E. Daerah yang Bertekanan.........................................................................................28
BAB IV UNSUR-UNSUR IKLIM..................................................................................29
Iklim di setiap wilayah berbeda, iklim memiliki unsur unsur penyusun antara lain :..29
A. Penerimaan Radiasi dan Lama Penyinaran Surya..................................................29
B. Suhu.........................................................................................................................31
C. Kelembaban.............................................................................................................32
D. Tekanan Udara........................................................................................................33
E. Awan........................................................................................................................33
F. Hujan........................................................................................................................34
G Angin........................................................................................................................36
H. Penguapan...............................................................................................................39
BAB V STASIUN METEOROLOGI..............................................................................40
BAB VI INSTRUMENTASI PENGUKUR IKLIM.......................................................71
A. Instrumentasi Pengukur Radiasi dan Intensitas Cahaya Matahari..........................71
B. Alat Pengukur Kelembapan Udara..........................................................................74
C. Alat Pengukur Suhu................................................................................................75
D. Alat Pengukur Tekanan Udara................................................................................78
E. Alat Pengukur Curah Hujan....................................................................................78
F. Alat Pengukur Angin................................................................................................80
G. Alat Pengukur Evaporasi........................................................................................82
BAB VII DASAR-DASAR KLASIFIKASI IKLIM.......................................................83

BAB VIII KLASIFIKASI IKLIM...................................................................................93


BAB IX PERANAN IKLIM UNTUK PERTANIAN.....................................................99
BAB X PERANAN AGROKLIMATOLOGI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN,
PERKEMBANGAN, DAN HASIL PRODUKSI TANAMAN PISANG....................104
A. Sejarah Tanaman Pisang.......................................................................................104
B. Klasifikasi Tanaman Pisang..................................................................................106
C. Jenis Jenis Pisang...............................................................................................107
D. Manfaat Buah Pisang............................................................................................115
E. Budidaya Tanaman Pisang.....................................................................................119
F. Faktor Pendukung Keberhasilan Budidaya Pisang................................................125
BAB XI PENUTUP.......................................................................................................125
DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Content
Tabel 2.1 Komposisi Atmosfer..........................................................................................5
Tabel 5.1 Daftar Stasiun Meteorologi di Indonesia.........................................................41
Tabel 7.1 Tabel Klasifikasi Iklim Schmidt-Ferguson......................................................87
Tabel 7.2 Zona Agroklimat Schmidt-Ferguson...............................................................87
Tabel 7.3 Tabel Klasifikasi Iklim Oldeman.....................................................................89
Tabel 7.4 Golongan Kelembaban menurut Thornthwaite...............................................91
Tabel 7.5 Golongan Suhu menurut Thornthwaite...........................................................91

Contents
Gambar 2.1 Atmosfer......................................................................................................11
Gambar 3.1 Garis Lintang...............................................................................................19

Gambar 3.2 Samudra.......................................................................................................24


Gambar 3.3 Benua...........................................................................................................27
Gambar 3.4 Topografi......................................................................................................28
Gambar 6.1 Gun Bellani..................................................................................................72
Gambar 6.2 Spektofotometer...........................................................................................73
Gambar 6.3 Aktinograf....................................................................................................74
Gambar 6.4 Campbel stokes............................................................................................75
Gambar 6.5 Higrometer Rambut.....................................................................................76
Gambar 6.6 Termometer Biasa........................................................................................77
Gambar 6.7 Termometer Maksimum dan Minimum.......................................................77
Gambar 6.10 Penakar Hujan Hellman.............................................................................81
Gambar 6.11 Penakar Hujan Tilting Siphon....................................................................81
Gambar 6.12 Anemometer...............................................................................................82
Gambar 6.13 Windsock...................................................................................................83
Gambar 7.3 Klasifikasi Iklim Junghuhn..........................................................................92
Gambar 8.1 Sistem Klasifikasi Iklim Koppen.................................................................95
Gambar 10.1 Pohon Pisang...........................................................................................105
Gambar 10.2 Pisang Barangan......................................................................................108
Gambar 10.3 Pisang Raja..............................................................................................109
Gambar 10.4 Pisang Raja Uli........................................................................................109
Gambar 10.5 Raja Jambe...............................................................................................110
Gambar 10.7 Pisang Raja Bulu......................................................................................111
Gambar 10.8 Pisang Kepok...........................................................................................112
Gambar 10.9 Pisang Tanduk..........................................................................................113
Gambar 10.10 Pisang Mas.............................................................................................113
GAmabar 10.11 Pisang Ambon Lumut.........................................................................114
Gambar 10.12 Pisang Ambon Putih.............................................................................115
Gambar 10.13 Pisang Raja Nagka.................................................................................115
Gambar 10.14 Pisang Kapas..........................................................................................116
Gambar 10.15 Pisang Kidang........................................................................................116