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Post installed rebar

connections

Post installed rebar connections


Basics of post installed rebar connections
Hilti HIT-RE 500 post installed rebar
Hilti HIT-HY 150 post installed rebar
Hilti HIT- HY 150 MAX post installed rebar

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Basics of post installed rebar connections


1

Applications

1.1 Advantages of post-installed rebar connections


With the use of the Hilti-HIT injection systems it is possible to connect new reinforcement to
existing structures with maximum confidence and flexibility.

design flexibility

reliable like cast in

form work
simplification

defined load
characteristics

horizontal, vertical and


overhead
simple, high confidence
application

1.2 Application examples


Post installed rebar connections are widely used within the construction industry in a wide range
of applications, which vary from new construction projects, to structure upgrades and
infrastructure requalifications.
Post-installed rebar connections in new construction projects

Diaphragm walls

Misplaced bars

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Slab connections

Vertical/horizontal connections

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Post-installed rebar connections in structure updgrades

Wall strenghtening

New slab constructions

Joint strenghtening

Cantilevers/balconies

Post-installed rebar connections in infrastructure requalifications

Slab widening

Structural upgrade

Slab strenghtening

Side-walk upgrade

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Rebar basics

2.1 Definition of rebar


Rebar is standing for REinforcement BAR. At Hilti the word is used for a reinforcement bar
inserted into a borehole filled with Hilti HIT in reinforced concrete structures, in other words for
post-installed reinforcement. Post-installed reinforcement can be split up into four different main
applications:

Good detailing practice


Shear studs
Rebar as structural rebar
Rebar as an anchor

In the course of the Anchor FTM the focus will be on the last two types of applications.
Chapter 3, Adhesive Anchoring Systems, deals with rebar as an anchor. The current chapter
focuses on rebar as structural rebar, where the reinforcement is purely loaded in the longitudinal
direction.
v
0
bd

bd

10 ds

Figure 2.1: Example of structural rebar application

Structural rebar is characterized by very high loads. The reinforcement is often loaded up to
steel yielding. The concrete structure (connection) shows a good serviceability. The
deformations are small and due to this the crack width and therefore the influences by the
environment (corrosion) are limited. The concrete connections behave as a monolithic structure
or in other words as if the concrete was poured in one go. The high loads which can occur in
either the anchorage or the splice can lead to an embedment length up to 15 till 80 times the
diameter of the reinforcement.
The design can be done according to two design concepts;

Structural code, for instance EC2 EN 1992-1-1:2004 chapter 8.4 anchorage of


longitudinal reinforcement, based on approvals (e.g. ETA according to EOTA TR023)
See paragraph 4 of this chapter for an overview of the approvals
Hilti HIT-Rebar design concept, based on the American Standard (ACI 318-08), where
the allowable bond stress is controlled by splitting / spalling behaviour.

For this type of connections an engineer is usually involved in the design.

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2.2 Rebar as an anchor


Rebar as an anchor is characterized by the fact it is not possible to splice the reinforcement
(due to e.g. lack of useable reinforcement). The loads are typically smaller as in the case of
structural rebar and the serviceability is slightly lower. The anchor failure modes like concrete
cone failure or combined concrete cone and pull-out failure are considered in this application
according to standard anchor design.
For this type of connections an engineer is usually involved in the design.

2.3 Cast-in ribbed bars


Generally, for load transfer in reinforced concrete only tensile or compressive forces in bars are
considered.
For ribbed bars, the load transfer in concrete is governed by the bearing of the ribs against the
concrete (figure 2.3.a). The force reaction in the concrete is assumed to form a compressive
strut in the direction of 45.
For higher bond stress values, the concentrated bearing forces in front of the ribs cause the
formation of cone-shaped cracks starting at the crest of the ribs. The resulting concrete keys
between the ribs transfer the bearing forces into the surrounding concrete, but the wedging
action of the ribs remains limited. In this stage the displacement of the bar with respect to the
concrete (slip) consists of bending of the keys and crushing of the concrete in front of the ribs.
The bearing forces, which are inclined with respect to the bar axis, can be decomposed into
directions parallel and perpendicular to the bar axis. The sum of the parallel components equals
the bond force, whereas the radial components induce circumferential tensile stresses in the
surrounding concrete, which may result in longitudinal radial (splitting / spalling) cracks.

Figure 2.3.a: Load transfer from ribbed bars into concrete

Two failure modes can be considered:


a) Bond failure (fig. 2.3.a):
If the confinement (concrete cover, transverse reinforcement) is sufficient to prevent splitting of
the concrete cover, bond failure is caused by pull-out of the bar. In that case the concrete keys
are sheared off and a sliding plane around the bar is created. Thus, the force transfer
mechanism changes from rib bearing to friction. The shear resistance of the keys can be
considered as a criterion for this transition. It is attended by a considerable reduction of the
bond stress. Under continued loading the sliding surface is smoothed due to wear and
compaction, which will result in a further decrease of the bond stress, similar to the case of plain
bars.
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b) Splitting failure (fig. 2.3.b):


If the radial cracks propagate through the entire cover, bond
splitting failure is decisive. In that case the maximum bond stress
follows from the maximum concrete confinement, which is
reached when the radial cracks have penetrated the cover for
about 70%. Further crack propagation results in a decrease of
the confining stresses. At reaching the outer surface these
stresses are strongly reduced, which results in a sudden drop of
the bond stress.

2.4

Figure 2.3.b

Lapped bar splices

2.4.1 Model for load transfer at lapped bar splices


The load transfer between bars is performed by means of compressive struts in the concrete
(fig. 2.4.1). A 45 truss model is assumed. The resulting perpendicular forces act in a similar
way as the splitting forces. The splitting forces normally are taken up by the transverse
reinforcement. Small splitting forces are attributed to the tensile capacity of the concrete. The
amount of the transverse or tie reinforcement necessary is specified in the design codes.

Figure 2.4.1: Load transfer at lap splices

2.4.2 Influence of spacing and cover on splitting and spalling of concrete


In most cases the reinforcement bars are placed close to the surface of the concrete member to
achieve good crack distribution and economical bending capacity. For splices at wide spacing
(normally in slabs, fig. 2.4.2a), the bearing capacity of the concrete depends only on the
thickness of the concrete cover. At narrow spacing (normally in beams, fig. 2.4.2.b) the bearing
capacity depends on the spacing and on the thickness of the cover. In the design codes the
reduction of bearing capacity of the cover is taken into account by means of multiplying factors
for the splice length.

Figure 2.4.2.a
S litti

Figure 2.4.2.b

2.4.3 Bond behaviour of post-installed ribbed bars


The load transfer for post-installed bars is similar to cast in bars if the stiffness of the overall
load transfer mechanism is similar to the cast-in system. The efficiency depends on the strength
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of the adhesive mortar against the concentrated load near the ribs and on the capacity of load
transfer at the interface of the drilled hole.
In many cases the bond values of post-installed bars are higher compared to cast in bars due to
better performance of the adhesive mortar. But for small edge distance and/or narrow spacing
splitting or spalling forces become decisive due to the low tensile capacity of the concrete.

Design basics

3.1 Rebar design methods


Post-installed reinforcement connections can basically be designed in compliance with the
national codes. Hilti is offering two design methods of which one is based on the Eurocode 2
(EC2 EN 1992-1-1:2004) and the other one on the American Standard (ACI 318-08). The most
important characteristics will be explained in the following paragraphs.

3.2 Rebar design according to EC2/ETA approach


The new technical report EOTA TR 023 (Assessment of post-installed rebar connections)
establishes a common method to qualify chemical anchors in compliance with EC2. Chemical
anchors must comply with a predefined step-diagram for the different concrete classes (Figure
3.2: Chemical anchors without limitations). In general it shall be shown by the tests as described
in the TR 023 that the post-installed rebar systems can develop the same design values of bond
resistance with the same safety margin as cast-in place rebars according to EC2. In EC2 no
requirements for testing are given, but the values for fbd are published.
These values are valid for worst case conditions, minimum concrete cover, minimum spacing
and minimum transverse reinforcement.
In Figure 3.2 a comparison is given which bond resistance in the tests and evaluation according
TR 023 have to be reached (on y- axis) to show equivalence with the values fbd (on x- axis).
A European Technical Approvals according to the EOTA TR023 allows a design according to
EC2. However a design for fire resistance, fatigue, dynamic or seismic loading are excluded.
The ETA for Rebar proves that approved systems are robust and durable. Influences of bad
cleaning, wet holes, creep, freeze/thaw, durability, corrosion resistance, installation directions
are tested within the approval.
The post-installed rebar connections assessed according to TR 023 shall be designed as
straight cast-in reinforcement according to EC2 using the values of the design bond resistance
fbd for deformed bars. The definition of the bond region in EC2 is valid also for post-installed
reinforcement. The conditions in EC2 concerning detailing (e.g. concrete cover in respect to
bond and corrosion resistance, bar spacing, transverse reinforcement) shall be complied with.

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Figure 3.2: Chemical anchors without limitations from EOTA TR023

The following additional provisions have to be taken into account.

To prevent damage of the concrete during drilling the following requirements have to be
met:
cmin = 30 + 0,06lv 2ds (mm) for hammer drilled holes, with ds being the
diameter of the rebar
cmin = 50 + 0,08lv 2ds (mm) for compressed air drilled holes
The factors 0,06 and 0,08 take into account the possible deviations during the drilling
process. This value might be smaller if special drilling aid devices are used.

Minimum clear spacing between two post-installed rebars a = 40 mm 4ds

To account for potentially different behaviour of post-installed and cast-in rebars in


cracked concrete, in general, the minimum embedment length lb,min and l0,min given in
EC2 for anchorages and overlap splices shall be increased by a factor of 1,5. This
increase may be neglected if it can be shown that the bond strength of the selected postinstalled rebars and cast-in rebars in cracked concrete (w = 0,3 mm) is similar. In this
case the influence of cracks openings (crack movement tests) can be neglected because
for rebar connections several rebars are present (redundant fastening) and not all of the
rebars will be situated in a longitudinal crack.

The transfer of shear forces between new and old concrete shall be designed according to EC2.
See also paragraph 3.4 strut-and-tie model.
The reader is referred to the paragraph 4 EC2 Design for more detail about this design
concept.
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3.3 Hilti HIT-Rebar design and ACI 318-08 approach


The American Standard ACI (American Concrete Institute) 318-08 gives an explicit formula for
the design of anchorages and splices that considers splitting and spalling as a function of
concrete cover and bar spacing. This function is adapted and extended for post-installed
reinforcement for the Hilti HIT-Rebar design concept. The embedment length of an anchorage
or splice is defined as a function of concrete strength, the bar diameter, the minimum edge
distance or spacing and a coefficient taking into account the transverse reinforcement.
In figure 3.3 a typical design bond stress fbd curve as a function of the minimum edge
distance/spacing distance, cd is shown for a concrete class C20/25 and for a rebar with a
diameter of 12 mm (EC2/ETA approach). In this figure the equivalent design bond stresses
resulting from the ACI and the EC2/ETA approaches are plotted to illustrate the two methods
(the design bond stresses shown in the figure shall not be used for design purposes). The
reduction of anchoring length allowed by ACI and EC2/ETA in specific conditions can be
assimilated to an increase of the equivalent design bond stress if cd changes within certain
limits. The equivalent design bond stress is defined by an inclined line and it increases with
larger values of cd. The increase in the design bond stress is limited by the maximum pull-out
bond stress, which is a value which is given by the standards in the case of a cast-in
reinforcement. For post-installed reinforcement, the maximum design bond stress is a function
of the bonding agent and not necessarily equals that of cast-in bars. Thus, the limitation for
bond failure in the code has been replaced by the specific design bond stress of the bonding
agent for the specific application conditions and the splitting function has been adapted
according to the tests.

8.0
7.0

6.9 N/mm2

6.0
fbd

5.0
4.0

3.3 N/mm2

3.0

cd = min(a/2, c, c1)

2.0
1.0
0.0
0

10

20

30

c d,min
C20/25, = 12 mm

40

50

60
cd

70

80

90 100 110
ACI 318-08 approach
EC2/ETA approach

Figure 3.3: equivalent design bond stress fbd as a function of cd., derived from reduction of anchoring lenght
according to ACI 318-08 and EC2/ETA.

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Interaction of concrete cover and transverse reinforcement (splitting reinforcement)


Tests show that transverse reinforcement improves the splitting capacity. Transverse
reinforcement can be taken into account by adding a substitute value for the cover.
The ACI 318-08 code explicitly takes into account the influence of transverse reinforcement able
to prevent splitting by means of the transverse reinforcement index Ktr.

f bd

f ck

with: Atr

c K tr
4 ;

K tr

A tr f yt
;
10.34 s n

c K tr
2.5 for cast - in bars

total cross-sectional area of all transverse reinforcement that is within the spacing
s and that crosses the potential plane of splitting through the reinforcement being
developed [mm2]

fyt

yield strength of transverse reinforcement [N/mm2]

maximum spacing of transverse reinforcement within

number of bars being developed along the plane of splitting [-]

b,

center to center [mm]

substitute for various adjustment factors

Hilti HIT-Rebar design concept


for

f bd

for

c K tr
2.5 (post-installed reinforcement and cast-in reinforcement):

f ck c K tr

4
c K tr
2.5 (bonded-in bars only):

f ck
c K tr

2.5 0.75
2.5
4

where:
fbd
design bond strength

nominal bar size


fck
characteristic concrete cylinder strength
c
= cd = min(a/2, c, c1)
see above
Ktr

bar size factor


f bd

For more detailed Information see: Kunz, J.; Mnger, F.: Splitting- and bond failure of post-installed rebar splices
and anchoring.; Bond in Concrete from research to standards, Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium
held at the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary, 20 to 22 November 2002,
p.447 -454. (Copy available from Hilti Technical Service)

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3.4 Strut-and-tie model


The tensile bearing capacity of
concrete is very low compared to
its compressive strength. For this
reason tensile forces are attributed
to the steel reinforcement of the
concrete member. The
reinforcement should be
adequately anchored in the nodes
{Clause 6.5.3(2), EC2: EN 1992-11:2004}.

Crack limitation

Compression cord and strut


(concrete)

Joint to be
roughened

Tension cord

Tension ties

Figure 3.4: Strut-and-tie-model

A strut-and-tie model is used to calculate the load path in reinforced concrete members. Where
a non-linear strain distribution exists (e.g. supports) strut-and-tie models may be used {Clause
6.5.1(1), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}.
Strut-and-tie models consist of struts representing compressive stress fields, of ties
representing the reinforcement and of the connecting nodes. The forces in the elements of a
strut-and-tie model should be determined by maintaining the equilibrium with the applied loads
in ultimate limit state. The ties of a strut-and-tie model should coincide in position and direction
with the corresponding reinforcement {Clause 5.6.4, EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004 Analysis with strut
and tie models}.

3.5 Joint to be roughened


The model of inclined compressive struts is used to transfer the shear forces through the
construction joint at the interface between concrete cast at different times. Therefore a rough
interface is required to provide sufficient cohesion in the construction joint {Clause 6.2.5(2),
EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}. Rough means a surface with at least 3 mm roughness (Rt > 3 mm),
achieved by raking, exposing the aggregate or other methods giving an equivalent behaviour.

3.6 Anchorage of reinforcement


The reinforcement has to be anchored at places where it is no longer needed. These situations
may occur:
when the load path of the tensile force has ended (e.g. support, figure 3.6.a)
at curtailment of reinforcement (see figure 3.6.b)
compression bar anchorage (see figure 3.6.c).

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Figure 3.6.a:
Support, truss

Figure 3.6.b:
Tensile force has ended

Figure 3.6.c:
Compression

3.7 Lapped splice of reinforcement


Lapped splices are used to achieve continuity in the tensile tie of the truss
model at construction joints. The load from one bar to the other is transferred
by means of compressive struts in the concrete. A 45-truss model is
assumed.
The resulting splitting force (design bond stress) is limited to a value
depending on the surface characteristics of the reinforcement, the tensile
strength of the concrete and confinement of surrounding concrete. This
depends on sufficient concrete cover, spacing of bar, transverse pressure
and by the transverse reinforcement {Clause 6.6, EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}.

Figure 3.7: Lapped splice

EC2 design

4.1 General
The actual position of the reinforcement in the existing structure shall be determined on the basis of the
construction documentation and taken into account when designing. The transfer of shear forces between new
concrete and existing structure shall be designed according to EC2 EN 1992-1-1:2004. See also paragraph 3.4
Strut-and-tie model The joints for concreting must be roughened to at least such an extent that aggregate
protrude. See also paragraph 3.5 Joint to be roughened.
The design of post-installed rebar connections and determination of the internal section forces to be transferred in
the construction joint shall be verified in accordance with EC2 EN 1992-1-1:2004. When ascertaining the tensile
force in the rebar, allowance shall be made for the statically effective height of the bonded-in reinforcement. See
also paragraph 5.2 Example with overlap joint

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4.2 Determination of the basic anchorage length


The calculation of the required anchorage length shall take into consideration the type of steel and bond properties
of the reinforcement.
The required basic anchorage length b,rqd shall be determined in accordance with clause 8.4.3, EC2:
EN1992-1-1:2004:
b,rqd = (ds / 4) (sd / fbd)

with:

ds

sd
fbd

= diameter of the rebar


= calculated design stress of the rebar
= design value of bond strength according to corresponding ETA, in consideration of the
coefficient related to the quality of bond conditions and, of the coefficient related to the bar
diameter and of the drilling technique. Refer to the relevant approval or technical data
sheet for details.

4.3 Determination of the design anchorage length


The required design anchorage length bd shall be determined in accordance with clause 8.4.4, EC2: EN 1992-11:2004:
bd = 1 2 3 4 5 b,rqd b,min
Where 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are coefficients given in Table 4.1.

1 is for the effect of the form of the bars assuming adequate cover
(post-installed reinforcement is always straight)
2 is for the effect of concrete minimum cover
2 1 0,15 c d d 0 /d 0
straight bars; c d min a/2 ; c 1 ; c

With no edge distance, 2 = 0,7 if the spacing given in the table below are fulfilled:
ds (mm)
Spacing (mm)
a (mm)

8
56
48

10
70
60

12
84
72

14
98
84

16
112
96

18
126
108

20
140
120

22
154
132

24
168
144

25
175
150

26
182
156

28
196
168

30
210
180

32
224
192

34
238
204

36
252
216

40
280
240

3 is for the effect of confinement by transverse reinforcement


4 is for the influence of one or more welded transverse bars along the design
anchorage length bd. (no welded transverse reinforcement possible with postinstalled reinforcement)
5 is for the effect of the pressure transverse to the plane of splitting along the
design anchorage length.
The product (235) 0,7

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b,rqd = according to section 5.2

b,min

= minimum anchorage length according to clause 8.4.4, EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004


= max {0.3 b,rqd; 10ds; 100 mm} under tension
= max {0.6 b,rqd; 10ds; 100 mm} under compression
(Please note that the minimum anchorage length may be increased by factor 1,5 according
to EOTA TR023, 4.2. Refer to the relevant approval or technical data sheet for details.)

Table 4.1: Values of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 coefficients

Influencing factor

Type of anchorage

Shape of bars
Concrete cover

Straight
Straight

Confinement by
transverse
reinforcement
Confinement by
welded transverse
reinforcement
Confinement by
transverse pressure

Straight

where:

Ast
Ast,min
As

K
p

Straight
Straight

Reinforcement bar
In tension
In compression
1 = 1.0
1 = 1.0
2 = 1 0.15(cd
2 = 1.0
)/
0.7
1.0
3 = 1.0
3 = 1 K
0.7
1.0
4 = 1.0
4 = 1.0
5 = 1 0.04p

0.7
1.0

= (Ast - Ast,min)/ As
cross-sectional area of the transverse reinforcement along the design anchorage length bd
cross-sectional area of the minimum transverse reinforcement = 0.25 As for beams and 0 for slabs
area of a single anchored bar with maximum bar diameter
values shown in Figure 4.10
transverse pressure [MPa] at ultimate limit state along bd

Figure 4.3 : Values of K for beams and slabs

4.4 Overlap joints


Forces are transmitted from one bar to another by lapping the bars. The detailing of laps between bars shall be
such that:
- the transmission of the forces from one bar to the next is assured
- spalling of the concrete in the neighbourhood of the joints does not occur
- large cracks which affect the performance of the structure do not occur

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Laps between bars should not be located in areas of high moments / forces (e.g. plastic hinges) and at any section
normally be arranged symmetrically. The arrangement of lapped bars should comply with Figure 4.4. The clear
distance between lapped bars should be 4 and 50 mm, otherwise the lap length should be increased by a
length equal to the clear space where it exceeds 4 or 50 mm.

Figure 4.4: Adjacent laps


The required design lap length 0 shall be determined in accordance with clause 8.7.3, EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004:
0 = 1 2 3 5 6 b,rqd 0,min
with: b,rqd
= according to section 4.2
0,min
= minimum lap length = max {0.36 b,rqd; 15ds; 200 mm}
(Please note that the minimum anchorage length may be increased by factor 1,5
according to EOTA TR023, 4.2. Refer to the relevant approval or technical data sheet for
details.)
Values of 1, 2, 3 and 5 may be taken from Table 4.1; however, for the calculation of 3, Ast,min should be taken
as 1,0 As(sd/fyd), with As = area of one lapped bar.
6 = (1/25)0.5 but neither not exceeding 1,5 nor less than 1,0, where 1 is the percentage of reinforcement lapped
within 0.650 from the centre of the lap length considered. Values of 6 are given in Table 4.2. (Note: For postinstalled rebar applications 6 = 1,5 for the majority of the cases)
Table 4.2: Values of the coefficient 6

Percentage of lapped bars


relative to the total crosssection area
6

< 25%

33%

50%

> 50%

1,15

1,4

1,5

4.5 Embedment depth for overlap joints


Overlap joint for rebars:
For calculation of the effective embedment depth of overlap joints the concrete cover at end-face of the postinstalled rebar c1 shall be considered:
v 0 + c1
with: 0
= required lap length according to paragraph 4.4.
= concrete cover at end-face of bonded-in rebar. See Figure 4.5
c1

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Figure 4.5: Concrete cover c1


If the clear distance between the overlapping bars is greater than 4ds the lap length shall be enlarged by the
difference between the actual clear distance and 4ds.

4.6 Concrete cover


The minimum concrete cover required for bonded-in rebars is shown in the ETA approvals in relation to the drilling
method and the hole tolerance. Furthermore the minimum concrete cover given in clause 4.4.1.2, EC2: EN 1992-11: 2004 shall be observed.

4.7 Transverse reinforcement


The requirements of transverse reinforcement in the area of the post-installed rebar connection shall comply with
clause 8.7.4, EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004.

4.8 Connection joint


In case of a carbonated surface of the existing concrete structure the carbonated layer shall be removed in the
area of the post installed rebar connection with a diameter of ds + 60 mm prior to the installation of the new rebar.
The depth of concrete to be removed shall correspond to at least the minimum concrete cover for the respective
environmental conditions in accordance with EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004.

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Design examples

5.1 Anchorage: End support of slab, simply supported


h = 300

d = 260

a1 = 130

h = 300

al = 260

ln = 6,50 m

slab: ln = 6,50 m, Qk = 5 kN/m2 ,h = 300 mm,d = 260 mm


wall: h = 300 mm
Concrete strength class: C20/25, dry concrete
Properties of reinforcement: fyk = 500 N/mm2
Short-term/long-term temperature is 20C
Fire resistance: F90 (90 minutes)
Loads:
Gd = 1,35 x 7,5 = 10,1 kN/m;
Qd = 1,5 x 5,0 = 7,5 kN/m
= 17,6 kN/m

Structural analysis (design forces) based on leff:


MSd = 17,6 x 6,762 / 8 = 100,5 kNm/m
VSd = 17,6 x (6,76 / 2) = 59,5 kN/m
Bottom reinforcement required at mid span:
A s,req = 100,5 x 1,15 / (0,26 x 0,9 x 0,5) = 988 mm/m
reinforcement provided: 16, s = 200 mm;
A s,prov = 1010 mm/m

Bottom reinforcement at support:


As,min = 0,4 x 1 x 2,2 x 150 x 1000 / 500 = 264 mm/m
2
As,min = 0,50 x 988 = 494 mm /m

{Clause 7.3.2(2), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}


{Clause 9.3.1.2(1), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}

{Clause 9.3.1.1(4), EC 2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}


{Clause 9.2.1.4(1), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}
As,min = 0,25 x 988 = 247 mm/m
As,req = 59,5 x 1 / 0,9 x 1,15 / 0,5 = 152 mm2/m (al =d)
{Clause 9.2.1.4(2), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}
Decisive is 494 mm/m reinforcement provided: 12, s = 200 mm; A s,prov = 565 mm/m

a) Anchorage according to European Technical Approval (ETA) 08/0105, Post-installed


rebar connections with Hilti injection mortar HIT-RE 500
Determination of the basic anchorage length
The required basic anchorage length b,rqd shall be determined in accordance with EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004, section
8.4.3:

b,rqd = (ds / 4) x (sd / fbd)


with:

ds = diameter of the rebar = 12 mm


sd = calculated design stress of the rebar = (494 / 565) x (500 / 1,15) = 380 N/mm
fbd = design value of bond strength according to corresponding ETA = 2,3 N/mm

b,rqd = (12 / 4) x (380 / 2,3) = 496 mm

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rebar connections

Determination of the design anchorage length


The required design anchorage length bd shall be determined in accordance with EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004, section
8.4.4:

bd = 1 2 3 4 5 b,rqd b,min
with: b,rqd as above

1 = 1,0 for straight bars


2 = 1 0,15(cd )/
2 is for the effect of concrete minimum cover 0,7 1,0
a = 200 12 = 188 mm
a/2 = 94 mm with c1 and c > 94 mm
= 12 mm
2 = 0,7

Straight bars, cd = min (a/2, c1, c)

3 = 1,0 because of no transverse reinforcement


4 = 1,0 because of no welded transverse reinforcement
5 = 1,0 influence of transverse pressure is neglected in this example

bd = 0,7 x 496 = 347 mm

2/3bd = 231 mm 230 mm

b,min

= minimum anchorage length

{Clause 8.4.4(1), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}


= max {0,3 x 496; 10 x 12; 100} = 149 mm

b) Anchorage according to Hilti HIT-Rebar design method (splitting):


Reinforcement provided: 12, s = 200 mm; A s,prov = 565 mm/m
Mortar: Hilti HIT-RE 500
FSd = 494 x 0,5 / 1,15 = 214,8 kN/m
Steel:
FRd = 5 x (fyk x x x ) / s = 245,9 kN/m > 214,8 kN/m ok
Concrete (splitting) / Mortar (pull-out):

Due to large edge distances in all directions (confined concrete) the failure mode splitting of
concrete is not becoming decisive, but the pull out failure mode: fbd = 6.9 N/mm2
FRd = n(bd x x x fbd) = 5(bd x 12 x x 6.9) = 214.8 kN/m
bd = 165 mm

b,min = 120 mm (10 x ) ok

Fire resistance:
Fire rating class F 90 (90 min.) (design table see paragraph 4.7):
FsT,req = 0,6 x 66,1 = 39,7 kN/m = 7,9 kN/bar

{Clause 2.4.3 (4) and (5), EC2: ENV 1992-1-2:1995}

Hilti HIT-RE 500: 12 inst = 14,5 cm;


Fs,T = 6,02 kN
inst = 18 cm; Fs,T = 15,0 kN
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Intermediate values may be interpolated linearly: inst = 16,5 cm; Fs,T = 11,2 kN/bar > 7,9 kN/bar

inst = 165 mm
Top reinforcement
300

Top reinforcement at support:


d = 260

a1 = 130

h = 300

Minimum reinforcement:
25% of bottom steel required at mid-span
{Clause 9.3.1.2(2), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}
As,req = 0,25 x 988 = 247 mm2/m
2
As,min = 0,4 x 1 x 2,2 x 150 x 1000 / 500 = 264 mm /m
{Clause 7.3.2(2), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}

al = 260
ln= 6.50 m

Decisive is 264 mm/m


reinforcement provided: 12, s = 300 mm; A s,prov = 377 mm/m

a) Anchorage according to European Technical Approval (ETA) 08/0105, Post-installed


rebar connections with Hilti injection mortar HIT-RE 500
Determination of the basic anchorage length
The required basic anchorage length b,rqd shall be determined in accordance with EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004, section
8.4.3:

b,rqd = (ds / 4) x (sd / fbd)

with:

ds = diameter of the rebar = 12 mm


sd = calculated design stress of the rebar = (264 / 377) x (500 / 1.15) = 304 N/mm
fbd = design value of bond strength according to corresponding ETA = 2,3 N/mm

b,rqd = (12 / 4) x (304 / 2,3) = 397 mm


Determination of the design anchorage length
The required design anchorage length bd shall be determined in accordance with EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004, section
8.4.4:

bd = 1 2 3 4 5 b,rqd b,min
with: b,rqd as above

1 = 1,0 for straight bars


2 = 1 0,15(cd )/
2 is for the effect of concrete minimum cover 0,7 1,0
a = 300 12 = 288 mm
a/2 = 144 mm with c1 and c > 144 mm
= 12 mm
0,7
3 = 1,0 because of no transverse reinforcement
4 = 1,0 because of no welded transverse reinforcement
5 = 1,0 influence of transverse pressure is neglected in this example

bd = 0,7 x 397 = 278 mm 280 mm Can be critical with drilling!


b,min = minimum anchorage length
{Clause 8.4.4(1), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}

= max {0.3 x 397; 10 x 12; 100} = 120 mm ok

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b) Anchorage according to Hilti HIT Rebar Design Method (CC-Method):


Reinforcement provided: 12, s = 300 mm; A s,prov = 377 mm2/m
Mortar: Hilti HIT-RE 500
A s,min = 264 mm2/m
Design Load:
= A s,min fyk/s
FSd
= 264 x 500 / 1.15 = 114.8 kN/m
Fbd

= Fsd s/1000
= 114.8 kN/m 300/1000 = 34.4 kN/bar

Steel Verification:
= 1000mm f yk 2 1
FRd

4
s
s
= 1000 500 122 1 163.9kN / m 114.8kN / m Steel ok!
300 1.15
4
Combined pull-out and concrete cone failure:
0
N Rk ,p N Rk
,p

Ap,N
Ap0,N

0
0
N Rd
, p l bk

0
l bd

34.4 2.1

12 15

s,Np

F
Rk
0
l bd
bd Mc
Mp
Rk
(Rk from approval ETA-04/0027; table 13)

127 .9mm

Ap0,N scr ,Np scr ,Np 115200mm2

scr ,Np 20 Rk ,ucr


7 .5
15
20 12

7 .5

0.5

3 hef

0.5

339.4 3 127.9 383.7mm

ccr ,Np 0.5scr ,Np 169.7mm

c c cr ,Np ; s s cr ,Np
A p,N s c cr ,Np 0.5s cr ,Np 300 339 .4 101820 mm 2
s,Np 0.7 0.3

l bd ( po & cc )

700

c
1 s,Np 1.0
c cr ,Np

Fbd Ap0,N

Rk Ap,N s,Np
Mp

34.4 115200
144.5mm
15
12
101820 1.0
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Concrete cone failure:


0
N Rk ,c N Rk
,c

0
Rk ,c

Ac ,N

s,N

Ac0,N

k 1 f ck ,cube h

1.5
ef

0
bd

Fbd

k f
1 ck ,cube

Mc

k1 = 7.2 cracked concrete


k1 = 10.1 uncracked concrete
l

0
bd

34.4


10.1 25

1.5 116.1mm

s cr ,N 3hef 3 116.1 348.3; c cr ,N 174.15mm


A0c,N= 121312.9mm2

c c cr ,N ; s s cr ,N
Ac ,N s(c cr ,N 0.5s cr ,N ) 300 348 .3 104490 mm 2
s,Np 0.7 0.3

l bd ( cc )

c
1 s,Np 1.0
c cr ,Np

Fbd

k1 fck ,cube

A 0 c ,N 1
34.4

Mc

Ac ,N s,N
10.1 25

121312 .9 1

1.5 134 .8mm


104490 1.0

Splitting failure:
only needed if c 1.2ccr,sp and h 2hmin:
h/hef = 300mm / 144.5mm = 2.08; ccr,sp = 1.0hef= 144.5mm
c > 173.4mm ok
hmin = max(hef+30mm; hef+2d0) = max(174.5; 176.5) = 176.5mm
h=300mm 353mm not true, verification needed!!!
0
N Rk ,sp N Rk
,sp

Ac ,N
Ac0,N

s,N h,sp

A0c,N= 83521mm2
scr,sp = 289mm

c c cr ,N ; s s cr ,N
Ac ,N s(c cr ,N 0.5s cr ,N ) 300 289 86700 mm 2

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s,Np 0.7 0.3


h,sp


hmin

1 h,sp

2h
ef
hmin

c
1 s,Np 1.0
c cr ,Np

300

176.5

1.42

1.39

h,sp 1.39

l bd ( sp )

Fbd

k1 fck ,cube

A 0 c ,N
1
34.4

Mc

Ac ,N s,N h,sp
10.1 25

83521
1

1.5 80.5mm
86700 1.0 1.39

Embedment depth to use:


lbd = max[lbd(pp&cc); lbd(cc); lbd(sp)]
lbd = 144.5mm 10 = 120mm ok

5.2 Example with overlap joint


v
0
30

30
cs = 50
d = 250

h = 300

10

Bending moment: MSd = 120 kNm/m


slab: h = 300 mm; d = 250 mm, cs = 50 mm
Concrete strength class: C25/30,
Properties of reinforcement: fyk = 500 N/mm
Fire resistance: F60 (60 minutes),
Light weight plaster for fire protection: 30 mm
top reinforcement: 16, s = 150 mm; As,prov = 1340 mm/m
cover to face c1 = 30 mm
bottom reinforcement: 10, s = 200 mm; As,prov = 393 mm/m
Note: reduced load in cast-in bar due to lever arm: = 250 / 270 = 0,93

a) Overlap joints according to European Technical Approval (ETA) 08/0105, Post-installed


rebar connections with Hilti injection mortar HIT-RE 500
Post-installed reinforcement
The required design lap length 0 shall be determined in accordance with EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004, section 8.7.3:
0 = 1 2 3 5 6 b,rqd 0,min
with: b,rqd the basic anchorage length, b,rqd = (ds / 4) x (sd / fbd)
ds = diameter of the rebar = 16 mm
sd = calculated design stress of the rebar

d = 250 mm, z 0,9 x 250 = 225 mm


As,req = 120 x 1,15 / (0,225 x 0,5) = 1227 mm2/m
sd = (1227 / 1340) x (500 / 1,15) = 398 N/mm2

fbd = design value of bond strength according to corresponding ETA = 2,7 N/mm2

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b,rqd = (16 / 4) x (398 / 2.7) = 590 mm


1 = 1,0 for straight bars
2 = 1 0,15(cd )/
2 is for the effect of concrete minimum cover 0,7 1,0
c = 50 - 8 = 42 mm cd = 42 mm
= 16 mm
0,76
3 = 1,0 because of no transverse reinforcement
5 = 1,0 influence of transverse pressure is neglected in this example
6 = 1,5 influence of percentage of lapped bars relative to the total cross-section area
{Clause 8.7.3(1), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}

0 = 0,76 x 1,5 x 590 = 673 mm 675 mm


0,min = minimum lap length {Clause 8.7.3(1), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}
= max{0.3 x 1.5 x 590; 15 x 16; 200} = 266 mm ok

Cast-in reinforcement
0 = 1 2 3 5 6 b,rqd 0,min
with: b,rqd the basic anchorage length, b,rqd = (ds / 4) x (sd / fbd)
ds = diameter of the rebar = 16 mm
sd = calculated design stress of the rebar

d = 270 mm, z 0,9 x 270 = 243 mm


As,req = 120 x 1,15 / (0,243 x 0,5) = 1136 mm2/m
sd = (1136 / 1340) x (500 / 1,15) = 369 N/mm2

fbd = design value of bond strength according to corresponding ETA = 2,7 N/mm2

b,rqd = (16 / 4) x (369 / 2.7) = 547 mm


2 = 1 0,15(cd )/
2 is for the effect of concrete minimum cover 0,7 1,0
c = 30 - 8 = 22 mm cd = 22 mm
= 16 mm
0,94

0 = 0,94 x 1,5 x 547 = 771 mm 770 mm Cast-in reinforcement is decisive!


0,min = minimum lap length
{Clause 8.7.3(1), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}

= max{0,3 x 1,5 x 547; 15 x 16; 200} = 246 mm ok


Embedment depth for overlap joints for rebars:

v 0 + c 1
with: 0 = required lap length = 770 mm (see above)

c1 = concrete cover at end face of cast-in rebar = 30 mm

v = 800 mm

If the clear distance between the overlapping rebars is greater than 4ds (4 x 16 = 64 mm) the lap length shall be
enlarged by the difference between the clear distance and 4ds.
Most unfavorable case post-installed rebar is located right in the middle between the cast-in rebars. The clear
distance between the overlap is: s22 = a 1/2 2/2 ; a = (752 + 202)1/2
s22 = 77,6 mm 8 mm 8 mm = 61,6 mm
61,6 < 64 v = 800 mm

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b) Overlap joints according to Hilti HIT-Rebar design method (splitting):


Post-installed reinforcement
Reinforcement provided: 16, s = 150 mm; A s,prov = 1340 mm/m
Mortar: Hilti HIT-RE 500
FSd = 1340 x 398 = 533,3 kN/m (see above)
Steel:
FRd = 6,66(fyk x x 2 x ) / s = 582,2 kN/m > 533,3 kN/m ok
Mortar (pull-out):

fbd = 7,1 N/mm2


Concrete (splitting):
(c + Ktr) / = 3.1 > 2.5 fbd is calculated
with: c = min{c, s/2} = 50 mm
Ktr = 0
= 16 mm

f bd

c K tr

2.5
f c' 2.5 0.75

according

f c' = compressive strength of concrete = 25 N/mm2 for C25/30

= reinforcement size factor = 0.8 for 18

fbd = 4,6 N/mm

Due to edge distances (c = 50 mm) and spacing (s = 150 mm) the failure mode splitting of
concrete is decisive.
6 = 1,5 fbd = 3,1 N/mm2
{Clause 8.7.3(1), EC2: EN 1992-1-1:2004}
FRd = n(0 x x x fbd) = 6.66(0 x 16 x x 3,1) = 533,3 kN/m
0 = 514 mm
Cast-in reinforcement
(as above)

0 = 770 mm Cast-in reinforcement is decisive!


Embedment depth for overlap joints for rebars:

v = 800 mm
Fire resistance:
Fire rating class F 60 (60 minutes) (design table see paragraph 4.7):
Clear concrete cover including light weight plaster: c = 4 + 3 = 7 cm

FsT,req = 0.6 x 120 / 0,225 = 320 kN/m = 48 kN/bar


{Clause 2.4.3 (4) und (5), EC2: ENV 19921-2:1995}
T,req = 48000 / (16 x x 770) = 1,2 N/mm2
Hilti HIT-RE 500: T = 1,0 N/mm2 < 1,2 N/mm2 increase plaster to 4 cm c = 8 cm, T = 1,4 N/mm2 ok

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6 Corrosion behavior
The Swiss Association for Protection against Corrosion (SGK) was given the assignment of evaluating the
corrosion behavior of fastenings post-installed in concrete using the Hilti HIT-HY 150, Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX and
Hilti HIT-RE 500 injection systems.
Corrosion tests were carried out. The behavior of the two systems had to be evaluated in relation to their use in
field practice and compared with the behavior of cast-in reinforcement. The SGK can look back on extensive
experience in this field, especially on expertise in the field of repair and maintenance work.
The result can be summarized as follows:
Hilti HIT-HY 150 + Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX

The Hilti HIT-HY 150 and Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX systems in combination with reinforcing bars can be
considered resistant to corrosion when they are used in sound, alkaline concrete. The alkalinity of the
adhesive mortar safeguards the initial passivation of the steel. Owing to the porosity of the adhesive mortar,
an exchange takes place with the alkaline pore solution of the concrete.
If rebars are bonded-in into chloride-free concrete using this system, in the event of later chloride exposure,
the rates of corrosion are about half those of rebars that are cast-in.
In concrete containing chlorides, the corrosion behavior of the system corresponds to that of cast-in rebars.
Consequently, the use of unprotected steel in concrete exposed to chlorides in the past or possibly in the
future is not recommended because corrosion must be expected after only short exposure times.

Hilti HIT-RE 500

If the Hilti HIT-RE 500 system is used in corrosive surroundings, a sufficiently thick coat of adhesive
significantly increases the time before corrosion starts to attack the bonded-in steel.
The HIT-RE 500 system may be described as resistant to corrosion, even in concrete that is carbonated and
contains chlorides, if a coat thickness of at least 1 mm can be ensured. In this case, the unprotected steel in
the concrete joint and in the new concrete is critical.
If the coat thickness is not ensured, the HIT-RE 500 system may be used only in sound concrete. A rebar may
then also be in contact with the wall of the drilled hole. At these points, the steel behaves as though it has a
thin coating of epoxy resin.
In none of the cases investigated did previously rusted steel (without chlorides) show signs of an attack by
corrosion, even in concrete containing chlorides.
Neither during this study an acceleration of corrosion was found at defective points in the adhesive nor was
there any reference to this in literature. Even if a macro-element forms, the high resistance to it spreading
inhibits a locally increased rate of corrosion.
Information in reference data corresponds with the results of this study.

7 Fire design
If passive fire prevention requirements have to be met, the suitability of rebar connections should be verified
additionally to ULS cold design.
Large-area building components (walls and floors) can be verified according to tables 1 and 2. The design tables
are derived from tests at the University / IBMB Braunschweig following the Standard ISO 834 temperature/time
curve. Design for fire resistance is carried out in line with several specific standards. On the following pages only
the fire data for Standard according EC2 are given.
Details to all available Standards and specific reports are named below the following tables.
Note for the following tables 1 to 6: Fs,T = force in bar when exposed to fire.
Intermediate values may be interpolated linearly. Extrapolating is not permitted.

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Hilti HIT-HY 150 rebar


Bar perpendicular to slab or wall surface exposed to fire
Temperature time curve (acc. ISO 834)

inst

Table 1: Maximum force in rebar in conjuction with HIT-HY 150 as a function of embedment depth for the
fire resistance classes F30 to F180 (yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm) according EC2 a)
Bar

Drill
hole

[mm]

[mm]

10

10

12

14

16

20

706

12

F30

F60

inst
[mm]
120
140
150

FS,T
[kN]
10,6
14,1
15,6

inst
[mm]
120
140
160
180
190

FS,T
[kN]
5,0
8,4
11,9
15,4
15,6

150
160
180

19,8
22,0
24,3

150
160
180
200
210

12,7
14,9
19,3
23,7
24,3

180
200

31,7
35,1

180
200
220
230

23,1
28,4
33,7
35,1

210
220

46,2
47,7

210
220
240
250

36,2
39,3
45,4
47,7

240

62,3

240
260
270

300

97,4

300
320

16

18

20

25

F90

F120

inst
[mm]
120
140
160
180
200
210
150
160
180
200
220
230
180
200
220
240
250
210
220
240
260
270

FS,T
[kN]
2,8
4,5
7,9
11,4
14,9
15,6
1,7
9,9
14,3
18,7
23,1
24,3
17,1
22,4
27,7
32,9
35,1
29,2
32,2
38,4
44,6
47,7

51,9
59,0
62,3

240
260
280
300

43,9
51,0
58,0
62,3

91,3
97,4

300
320
340

81,3
90,1
97,4

inst
[mm]
120
140
160
180
200
220
150
160
180
200
220
250
180
200
220
240
270
210
220
240
260
280
290
240
260
280
300
310
300
320
340
360

FS,T
[kN]
1,9
3,3
5,2
8,6
12,1
15,6
5,1
6,5
10,7
15,1
19,5
24,3
12,9
18,1
23,4
28,7
35,1
24,2
27,3
33,5
39,6
45,8
47,7
38,3
45,3
52,3
59,4
62,3
74,3
83,0
91,8
97,4

F180
inst
[mm]
120
140
160
200
240
280
150
160
180
220
260
300
180
200
240
280
320
210
220
240
280
320
350
240
280
320
360
370
300
320
360
400
410

FS,T
[kN]
0,7
1,5
2,7
5,3
9,6
15,6
2,6
3,3
4,9
8,5
16,4
24,3
5,9
8,0
14.,4
24,9
35,1
10,6
11,9
16,8
29,1
41,4
47,7
19,2
33,2
47,3
61,4
62,3
50,3
59,1
76,7
94,3
97,4

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Bar

Drill
hole

[mm]

[mm]

25

32

F30
inst
[mm]
375

FS,T
[kN]
152,2

F60
inst
[mm]
375

FS,T
[kN]
152,2

F90
inst
[mm]
375
380
400

F120

FS,T
[kN]
142,9
145,6
152,2

inst
[mm]
375
380
400
410

FS,T
[kN]
134,0
136,7
147,7
152,2

F180
inst
[mm]
375
380
400
440
470

FS,T
[kN]
104,1
106,9
117,9
139,9
152,2

Remark: The minimum setting depth is related to > 15 x ds


a)
For tables according British- and Singapore Standard (resistance class up to F240) see Warringtonfire report WF
166402 or/and IBMB Braunschweig report No 3162/6989 (including supplements).

Hilti HIT-HY 150 rebar


Bar connection parallel to slab or wall surface exposed to fire

Max. bond stress, T , depending on actual clear concrete cover for classifying the fire
resistance.
It must be verified that the actual force in the bar during a fire, Fs,T , can be taken up by the bar
connection of the selected length, inst. Note: Cold design for ULS is mandatory.
Fs, T (inst cf) T where: (inst cf) s;
= lap length
s

= nominal diameter of bar


inst cf = selected overlap joint length; this must be at least s,
but may not be assumed to be more than 80
T
= bond stress when exposed to fire
Temperature time curve (acc. ISO 834)
inst

cf

Table 2: Critical temperature-dependent bond stress, crit,T, concerning overlap joint for Hilti-HIT-HY 150
injection adhesive in relation to fire resistance class and required minimum concrete coverage c.
Clear concrete cover c
Max. bond stress, T [N/mm]
[mm]
F30
F60
F90
F120
F180
20
0,7
0
0
30
1,4
0,2
0
40
1,9
0,7
0
50
2,4
1,2
0,4
60
2,8
1,7
0,7
0,3
70
4,9
2,2
1,2
0,7

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Clear concrete cover c


[mm]
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
210
220
230
240

F30

7,0

Max. bond stress, T [N/mm]


F60
F90
F120
2,5
1,7
1,0
2,8
2,0
1,5
4,0
2,3
1,9
4,5
2,7
2,3
6,5
2,9
2,6
4,0
2,8
6,5
3,0
4,5
6,5
7,0
7,0
7,0

F180
0,2
0,5
0,7
1,2
1,6
1,9
2,2
2,3
2,5
2,6
2,7
2,8
2,9
3,0
4,5
6,5
7,0

Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX rebar


Bar perpendicular to slab or wall surface exposed to fire
Temperature time curve (acc. ISO 834)

inst

Table 3: Maximum force in rebar in conjuction with HIT-HY 150 MAX as a function of embedment
the fire resistance classes F30 to F180 (yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm) according EC2a).
Max. Fs,T
F30
F60
F90
F120
Bar
Drill hole
inst
[mm]
[mm]
[kN]
[mm]
[kN]
[kN]
[kN]
[kN]
80
2,18
0,73
0,24
0,05
120
8,21
2,90
1,44
0,82
170
16,2
9,95
5,99
3,69
8
12
16,2
210
16,2
13,01
9,52
230
16,2
13,04
250
16,2
300
100
5,87
1,95
0,84
0,4
150
16,86
8,06
4,45
2,82
190
25,3
16,83
11,86
7,65
10
14
25,3
230
25,3
20,66
16,29
260
25,3
22,89
280
25,3
320

708

depth for
F180
[kN]
0
0,18
1,35
3,6
5,74
9,26
16,2
0
0,96
2,91
7,18
13,77
18,17
25,3

11 / 2010

Basics of post installed


rebar connections

Bar
[mm]

Drill hole
[mm]

Max. Fs,T
[kN]

12

16

36,4

14

16

20

25

18

20

25

32

49,6

64,8

101,2

158,1

inst
[mm]
120
180
220
260
280
300
340
140
210
240
280
300
330
360
160
240
260
300
330
360
400
200
250
310
350
370
390
430
250
280
370
410
430
450
500

F30
[kN]
12,32
28,15
36,4

F60
[kN]
4,35
17,56
28,12
36,4

F90
[kN]
2,16
11,59
22,15
32,7
36,4

F120
[kN]
1,23
7,14
16,91
27,47
32,75
36,4

20,53
42,08
49,6

8,77
29,72
38,96
49,6

4,74
22,76
32,0
44,31
49,6

2,95
16,66
25,89
38,21
44,36
49,6

30,5
58,65
64,8

16,38
44,53
51,56
64,8

9,26
36,57
43,61
57,68
64,8

5,77
29,59
36,63
50,70
61,26
64,8

55,72
77,71
101,2

38,06
60,06
86,45
101,2

28,12
50,11
76,5
94,09
101,2

19,39
41,39
67,78
85,37
94,16
101,2

97,13
113,63
158,1

75,07
91,56
141,04
158,1

62,46
79,13
128,61
150,60
158,1

51,73
68,23
117,71
139,70
150,69
158,1

F180
[kN]
0,27
2,69
6,82
16,53
21,81
27,08
36,4
0,95
6,3
13,12
25,44
31,6
40,83
49,6
2,04
15,0
22,04
36,11
46,67
57,22
64,8
7,22
23,15
49,54
67,13
75,93
84,72
101,2
28,94
45,43
94,91
116,90
127,90
138,89
158,1

a)

For HIT-HY 150 MAX rebar only the standard acc. EC2 is available (Data also in Warringtonfire report
WF 166402 or/and IBMB Braunschweig report No 3884/8246-CM.

Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX rebar


Bar connection parallel to slab or wall surface exposed to fire
Max. bond stress, T , depending on actual clear concrete cover for classifying the fire resistance.
It must be verified that the actual force in the bar during a fire, Fs,T , can be taken up by the bar connection of the
selected length, inst. Note: Cold design for ULS is mandatory.
Fs, T (inst cf) T where: (inst cf) s;
s

= lap length

= nominal diameter of bar

inst cf = selected overlap joint length; this must be at least s,


but may not be assumed to be more than 80

T
11 / 2010

= bond stress when exposed to fire

709

Basics of post installed


rebar connections

Table 4: Critical temperature-dependent bond stress, crit,T, concerning overlap joint for Hilti-HIT-HY 150
MAX injection adhesive in relation to fire resistance class and required minimum concrete coverage c.
Clear concrete cover c
Max. bond stress, T [N/mm]
[mm]
F30
F60
F90
F120
F180
30
0,46
0
35
0,56
40
0,69
0
45
0,84
0,37
50
1,04
0,45
0
55
1,22
0,53
60
1,47
0,62
0
65
1,85
0,73
0,38
70
0,87
0,46
75
1,02
0,52
80
1,21
0,59
0,37
85
1,35
0,67
0,43
90
1,52
0,78
0,52
95
1,74
0,91
0,58
100
2,02
1,07
0,66
105
1,21
0,77
0,38
110
1,39
0,91
0,44
115
1,61
1,05
0,48
120
1,89
1,21
0,53
125
2,12
1,37
0,61
2,20
130
1,57
0,69
135
1,82
0,75
140
2,13
0,81
145
0,89
2,20
150
0,88
155
0,97
2,20
160
1,08
165
1,22
2,20
170
1,40
175
1,62
180
1,90
185
2,05
190
2,20

Hilti HIT-RE 500 rebar


Bar perpendicular to slab or wall surface exposed to fire
Temperature time curve (acc. ISO 834)

inst

710

11 / 2010

Basics of post installed


rebar connections

Table 5: Maximum force in rebar in conjuction with HIT-RE 500 as a function of embedment depth for the
fire resistance classes F30 to F240 (yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm) according EC2a).
Drill hole
Max. Fs,T
Fire resistance of bar in [kN]
Bar
inst

[mm]
[mm]
[kN]
[mm]
F30
F60
F90
F120
F180
F240
65
1,38
0,57
0,19
0,05
0
0
80
2,35
1,02
0,47
0,26
0
0
95
3,87
1,68
0,88
0,55
0,12
0
115
7,3
3,07
1,71
1,14
0,44
0,18
150
16,19
8,15
4,59
3,14
1,41
0,8
8
10
16,19
180
16,19
9,99
6,75
2,94
1,7
205
16,19
12,38
5,08
2,86
220
16,19
6,95
3,82
265
16,19
8,57
305
16,19
80
2,94
1,27
0,59
0,33
0
0
100
5,68
2,45
1,31
0,85
0,24
0
120
10,66
4,44
2,48
1,68
0,68
0,31
140
17,57
7,76
4,38
2,99
1,33
0,73
165
25,29
15,06
8,5
5,79
2,58
1,5
10
12
25,29
195
25,29
17,63
12,18
5,12
2,93
220
25,29
20,66
8,69
4,78
235
25,29
11,8
6,30
280
25,29
13,86
320
25,29
95
5,8
2,52
1,32
0,83
0,18
0
120
12,79
5,33
2,97
2,01
0,82
0,37
145
23,16
10,68
6,02
4,12
1,84
1,03
180
36,42
24,29
14,99
10,12
4,41
2,55
12
16
36,42
210
36,42
27,38
20,65
8,47
4,74
235
36,42
312,01
14,16
7,56
250
36,42
19,13
9,89
295
36,42
21,43
335
36,42
110
10,92
4,65
2,55
1,7
0,61
0,20
140
24,60
10,87
6,13
4,19
1,86
1,03
170
39,12
23,50
13,55
9,2
4,07
2,37
195
49.58
35,6
24,69
17,05
7,17
4,10
14
18
49.58
225
49.58
39,20
31,34
13,48
7,34
250
49.58
43,44
22,32
11,54
265
49.58
29,49
15,00
310
49.58
31,98
350
49.58
130
22,59
9,42
5,30
3,61
1,56
0,8
160
39,17
21,33
11,95
8,15
3,65
2,11
190
55,76
37,92
24,45
17,25
7,35
4,22
210
64,75
48,98
36,51
27,53
11,29
6,32
16
20
64,75
240
64,75
53,10
44,12
20,88
11,04
265
64,75
57,94
33,7
17,14
280
64,75
42,0
22,17
325
64,75
44,84
365
64,75

11 / 2010

711

Basics of post installed


rebar connections

Bar
[mm]

Drill hole

[mm]

Max. Fs,T

inst

Fire resistance of bar in [kN]

[kN]

[mm]
F30
F60
F90
F120
F180
F240
160
48,97
26,67
14,93
10,18
4,56
2,64
200
76,61
54,31
38,73
27,5
11,42
6,48
240
101,18
81,96
66,37
55,15
26,10
13,8
270
101,18
87,11
75,88
45,58
23,36
25
101,18
20
295
101,18
93,16
62,86
35,72
310
101,18
73,23
45,69
355
101,18
76,79
395
101,18
200
95,77
67,89
48,41
34,37
14,27
8,10
250
138,96
111,09
91,60
77,51
39,86
20,61
275
158,09
132,69
113,2
99,17
61,30
31,81
305
158,09
139,12
125,09
87,22
52,79
25
30
158,09
330
158,09
146,69
108,82
74,39
345
158,09
121,77
87,34
390
158,09
126,22
430
158,09
255
183,40
147,72
122,78
104,82
56,35
28,80
275
205,52
169,84
144,90
126,94
78,46
40,71
325
259,02
225,13
200,19
182,23
133,75
89,68
368
259,02
238,89
220,93
172,46
128,39
32
40
259,02
380
259,02
243,05
194,58
150,51
395
259,02
211,16
167,09
440
259,02
216,86
480
259,02
290
249,87
209,73
181,67
161,46
106,93
59,1
325
293,41
253,27
225,21
205,01
150,47
100,89
355
327,82
290,59
262,54
242,33
187,80
138,22
385
327,82
299,86
279,65
225,12
175,54
36
44
327,82
410
327,82
310,75
256,22
206,64
425
327,82
274,88
225,30
470
327,82
281,28
510
327,82
320
319,10
274,50
243,33
220,87
160,28
105,19
355
367,48
322,88
291,71
269,25
208,66
153,57
385
404,71
364,35
333,18
310,72
250,13
195,04
415
404,71
374,64
352,19
291,60
236,51
40
47
404,71
440
404,71
386,75
326,16
271,07
455
404,71
346,89
291,80
500
404,71
354,01
540
404,71
a)
For tables according the standards to DIN 1045-1988, NF-ENV 1991-2-2(EC2), sterreichische Norm B 47002000, British-, Singapore- and Australian Standards see Warringtonfire report WF 166402 or/and IBMB
Braunschweig report No 3357/0550-5.

Hilti HIT-RE 500 rebar


Bar connection parallel to slab or wall surface exposed to fire
Max. bond stress, T , depending on actual clear concrete cover for classifying the fire resistance.
It must be verified that the actual force in the bar during a fire, Fs,T , can be taken up by the bar connection of the
selected length, inst. Note: Cold design for ULS is mandatory.
Fs, T (inst cf) T where: (inst cf) s;

712

11 / 2010

Basics of post installed


rebar connections

= lap length

= nominal diameter of bar

inst cf = selected overlap joint length; this must be at least s,


but may not be assumed to be more than 80

= bond stress when exposed to fire

Table 6: Critical temperature-dependent bond stress, crit,T, concerning overlap joint for Hilti-HIT RE 500
injection adhesive in relation to fire resistance class and required minimum concrete coverage c.
Clear concrete cover c
Max. bond stress, T [N/mm]
[mm]
F30
F60
F90
F120
F180
F240
10
0
0
20
0,494
0
30
0,665
0
40
0,897
0,481
0
50
1,209
0,623
0
60
1,630
0,806
0,513
70
2,197
1,043
0,655
0,487
80
2,962
1,351
0,835
0,614
90
3,992
1,748
1,065
0,775
0,457
100
5,382
2,263
1,358
0,977
0,553
110
7,255
2,930
1,733
1,233
0,669
0,469
120
9,780
3,792
2,210
1,556
0,810
0,551
130
4,909
2,818
1,963
0,980
0,647
140
6,355
3,594
2,477
1,185
0,759
150
8,226
4,584
3,125
1,434
0,829
160
10.649
5,846
3,943
1,735
1,047
170
7,456
4,974
2,099
1,230
180
9,510
6,276
2,540
1,445
190
7,918
3,037
1,697
200
9,990
3,718
1,993
210
4,498
2,341
11,00
220
5,442
2,749
230
6,584
3,228
11,00
240
7,966
3,792
11,00
250
9,639
4,453
11,00
260
5,230
270
6,143
280
7,214
11,00
290
8,473
300
9,951
310
11,00

11 / 2010

713

Basics of post installed


rebar connections

Fatigue of bonded-in reinforcement for joints with


predominantly cyclical imposed loading

8.1 General notes


For loadbearing elements which are subjected to considerable cyclic stress the bonded-in connections should be
designed for fatigue. In that case evidence for fatigue of reinforcing steel bars, concrete and bond should be
provided separately.
For simple cases it is reasonable to use simplified methods on the safe side.
The partial safety factors for loads are specified in the code for reinforced concrete.
The partial safety factors for material are specified in Table 4.3.
Table 4.3: Partial safety factors for materials subjected to cyclic loading
Evidence for
concrete
bond
Partial safety factor
1.5
1.8

reinforcing bars (steel)


1.15

8.2 Fatigue of reinforcing bars (steel)


The resistance for fatigue of reinforcing bars (steel) is specified in the actual code for reinforced concrete. The
behaviour of the steel of reinforcing bars bonded-in by means of Hilti HIT is at least as good as cast-in place
reinforcement.

8.3 Fatigue of bond and concrete (simplified approach)


As a simple and conservative approach on the safe side evidence for fatigue is proven if the following equation is
valid:
FSd,fat NRd ffat
where:
FSd,fat Design value of the anchorage force for the ruling loading model for fatigue.
Design resistance for static load of the anchorage (bond and concrete).
NRd
Reduction factor for fatigue for bond and concrete: ffat = 0.5
ffat
If max/min of cycles is known, reduction factors are shown in Figure 4.13.
1

Diagram for a simplified approach


with 2106 cycles (Weyrauch diagram)

0.9
0.8
Sd,fat max

/ N Rd

0.7

FSd,fat

0.6

FSd,fat max

0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1

FSd,fat min

0
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

0
Sd,fat min

time

/ N Rd

Figure 4.13: Reduction factors for fatigue for bond and concrete
Hilti design software for rebar connections does also the fatigue design.
If the simplified method is not satisfying, additional information using the Woehler - lines is available.
Ask Hilti Technical Service for the Hilti Guideline: TWU-TPF 06a/02 Hilti HIT-Rebar: Fatigue.

714

11 / 2010

Basics of post installed


rebar connections

11 / 2010

715

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Hilti HIT-RE 500 post installed rebars


Injection mortar system

Benefits
Hilti
HIT-RE 500
330 ml foil pack
(also available
as 500 ml
and 1400 ml
foil pack)

Static mixer

- suitable for non-cracked concrete


C 20/25 to C 50/60
- high loading capacity
- suitable for dry and water
saturated concrete
- under water application
- large diameter applications
- high corrosion resistant
- long working time at elevated
temperatures
- odourless epoxy

Rebar

Concrete

Fire
resistance

European
Technical
Approval

DIBt approval

Drinking
water
appoved

Corossion
tested

Marque NF

Hilti anchor
design
software

Hilti rebar
design
software

Service temperature range


Temperature range: -40C to +80C (max. long term temperature +50C, max. short term temperature +80C).

Approvals / certificates
Description
European technical approval
DIBt approval
Fire test report
Assessment report (fire)
a)

a)

Authority / Laboratory

No. / date of issue

DIBt, Berlin
DIBt, Berlin
IBMB Braunschweig
Warringtonfire

ETA-08/0105 / 2008-06-30
Z-21.8-1790 / 2009-03-16
3357/0550-5 / 2002-07-30
WF 166402 / 2007-10-26

All data given in this section according ETA-08/0105, issue 2008-06-30.

716

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Materials
Reinforcmenent bars according to EC2 Annex C Table C.1 and C.2N.

Properties of reinforcement
Product form
Class
Characteristic yield strength fyk or f0,2k (MPa)

Bars and de-coiled rods


B
400 to 600

Minimum value of k = (ft/fy)k

1,08

Characteristic strain at maximum force, uk (%)

5,0

Bendability
Maximum deviation from
nominal mass
(individual bar) (%)
Bond:
Minimum relative rib area,
fR,min

C
1,15
< 1,35
7,5

Bend / Rebend test


Nominal bar size (mm)
8
>8
Nominal bar size (mm)
8 to 12
> 12

6,0
4,5
0,040
0,056

Setting details
For detailed information on installation see instruction for use given with the package of the product.

Curing time for general conditions


Temperature
of the
base material
5 C TBM
10 C
10 C TBM 15 C
15 C TBM 20 C
20 C TBM 25 C
25 C TBM 30 C
30 C TBM 40 C
TBM = 40 C

Data according ETA-08/0105, issue 2008-06-30


Initial curing time
Working time in which
tcure,ini
anchor can be inserted
and adjusted tgel
2h
18 h
90 min
12 h
30 min
9h
20 min
6h
20 min
5h
12 min
4h
12 min
4h

Curing time before


anchor can be fully
loaded tcure
72 h
48 h
24 h
12 h
12 h
8h
4h

For dry concrete curing times may be reduced according to the following table. For installation temperatures below
+5 C all load values have to be reduced according to the load reduction factors given below.

Curing time for dry concrete


Temperature
of the
base material
TBM = -5 C
TBM = 0 C
TBM = 5 C
TBM = 10 C
TBM = 15 C
TBM = 20 C
TBM = 30 C
TBM = 40 C
11 / 2010

Additional Hilti technical data


Working time in which anchor Initial curing
Reduced curing time
can be inserted and adjusted
time
before anchor can be
tgel
tcure,ini
fully loaded tcure
4h
36 h
72 h
3h
25 h
50 h
2h
18 h
36 h
2h
12 h
24 h
1h
9h
18 h
30 min
6h
12 h
20 min
4h
8h
12 min
2h
4h

Load
reduction
factor
0,6
0,7
1
1
1
1
1
1

717

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Dry and water-saturated concrete, hammer drilling

a)

) Note: Manual cleaning for element sizes d 16mm and embedment depth hef 20 d only!

718

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Dry and water-saturated concrete, diamond coring drilling; Hilti technical information only

a)

Note: Manual cleaning for element sizes d 16mm and embedment depth hef 20 d only!

Fitness for use


Some creep tests have been conducted in accordance with ETAG guideline 001 part 5 and TR 023 in the following
conditions : in dry environnement at 50 C during 90 days.
These tests show an excellent behaviour of the post installed connection made with HIT-RE 500: low
displacements with long term stability, failure load after exposure above reference load.
11 / 2010

719

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Resistance to chemical substances


Categories
Alkaline products

Acids

Solvents

Products from job site

Environnement

Chemical substances

resistant

Drilling dust slurry pH = 12,6

Potassium hydroxide solution (10%) pH = 14

Non
resistant

Acetic acid (10%)

Nitric acid (10%)

Hydrochloric acid (10%)

Sulfuric acid (10%)

Benzyl alcohol

Ethanol

Ethyl acetate

Methyl ethyl keton (MEK)

Trichlor ethylene

Xylol (mixture)

Concrete plasticizer

Diesel

Engine oil

Petrol

Oil for form work

Sslt water

De-mineralised water

Sulphurous atmosphere (80 cycles)

Electrical Conductivity
HIT-RE 500 in the hardened state is not conductive electrically. Its electric resistivity is 661012 .m
(DIN IEC 93 12.93). It is adapted well to realize electrically insulating anchorings (ex: railway applications,
subway).

720

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Drilling diameters
Drill bit diameters d0 [mm]
Rebar (mm)
8
10
12

Hammer drill (HD)


12 (10)

a)

14 (12)

a)

16 (14)

a)

Compressed air
drill (CA)
17

Diamond coring
Wet (DD)

Dry (PCC)

12 (10)

a)

14 (12)

a)

16 (14)

a)

14

18

17

18

16

20

20

20

18

22

22

22

20

25

26

25

22

28

28

28

24

32

32

32

35

25

32

32

32

35

26

35

35

35

35

28

35

35

35

35

30

37

35

37

35

32

40

40

40

47

34

45

42

42

47

36

45

45

47

47

40

55

57

52

52

a) Max. installation length I = 250 mm.

11 / 2010

721

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Basic design data for rebar design according to ETA

Bond strength
Bond strength in N/mm according to ETA for good bond conditions
for hammer drilling, compressed air drilling, dry diamond core drilling
Rebar (mm)

722

Concrete class
C12/15

C16/20

C20/25

C25/30

C30/37

C35/45

C40/50

C45/55

C50/60

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

10

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

12

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

14

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

16

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

18

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

20

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

22

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

24

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

25

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

26

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

28

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

30

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

32

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

34

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,6

2,9

3,3

3,6

3,9

4,2

36

1,5

1,9

2,2

2,6

2,9

3,3

3,6

3,8

4,1

40

1,5

1,8

2,1

2,5

2,8

3,1

3,4

3,7

4,0

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Bond strength in N/mm according to ETA for good bond conditions


for wet diamond core drilling
Rebar (mm)

Concrete class
C12/15

C16/20

C20/25

C25/30

C30/37

C35/45

C40/50

C45/55

C50/60

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

10

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

12

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

14

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

16

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

18

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

20

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

22

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

24

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

25

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

4,0

4,3

26

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

28

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

30

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

32

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

2,7

34

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,6

2,6

2,6

2,6

2,6

2,6

36

1,5

1,9

2,2

2,6

2,6

2,6

2,6

2,6

2,6

40

1,5

1,8

2,1

2,5

2,5

2,5

2,5

2,5

2,5

Minimum anchorage length


According to ETA-08/0105, issue 2008-06-30, the minimum anchorage length shall be increased by factor 1,5 for
wet diamond core drilling. For all the other given drilling methods the factor is 1,0.

11 / 2010

723

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Minimum and maximum embedment depths and lap lengths for C20/25 according
to ETA
Hammer drilling,
Compressed air drilling,
Dry diamond coring drilling

Rebar
Diameter
ds
[mm]

fy,k
[N/mm]

Wet diamond coring


drilling

lb,min*
[mm]

l0,min *
[mm]

lb,min*
[mm]

l0,min *
[mm]

lmax
[mm]

500

113

200

170

300

1000

10

500

142

200

213

300

1000

12

500

170

200

255

300

1200

14

500

198

210

298

315

1400

16

500

227

240

340

360

1600

18

500

255

270

383

405

1800

20

500

284

300

425

450

2000

22

500

312

330

468

495

2200

24

500

340

360

510

540

2400

25

500

354

375

532

563

2500

26

500

369

390

553

585

2600

28

500

397

420

595

630

2800

30

500

425

450

638

675

3000

32

500

454

480

681

720

3200

34

500

492

510

738

765

3200

36

500

532

540

797

810

3200

500
616
621
925
932
3200
40
lb,min (8.6) and l0,min (8.11) are calculated for good bond conditions with maximum utilisation of rebar yield strength
fyk = 500 N/mm and 6 = 1,0

724

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Precalculated values
Example of pre-calculated values for anchoring
Rebar yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm, concrete C25/30, good bond conditions
For all drilling procedures, excluding wet diamond core drilling (DD)
Anchorage
Design
Mortar
Anchorage
Rebar
length lbd
value NRd
volume
length lbd
[mm]
[mm]
[kN]
[ml]
[mm]

Design
Mortar
value NRd
volume
[kN]
[ml]
2 or 5= 0.7
1=2=3=4=5=1.0
1 = 3 = 4 = 1.0
100
6,79
8
100
9,70
8
160
10,86
12
160
15,52
12
8
200
13,58
15
21,87
322
21,87
24
225
17
121
10,24
11
121
14,63
11
200
16,96
18
200
24,22
18
10
250
21,20
23
250
30,28
23
300
25,43
27
403
34,13
36
282
34,13
25
145
14,74
15
145
21,06
15
240
24,41
25
240
34,87
25
12
300
30,51
32
300
43,59
32
360
36,61
38
483
49,13
51
338
49,13
36
169
20,09
20
169
28,70
20
280
33,26
34
280
47,52
34
14
350
41,58
42
350
59,40
42
480
57,02
58
564
66,96
68
395
66,96
48
193
26,22
26
193
37,45
26
320
43,42
43
320
62,02
43
16
400
54,27
54
400
77,53
54
480
65,12
65
644
87,39
87
451
87,39
61
217
36,86
46
217
52,66
46
360
61,04
76
360
87,20
76
18
450
76,30
95
450
109,00
95
540
91,56
115
725
122,87
154
507
122,87
108
242
40,96
51
242
58,51
51
400
67,82
85
400
96,89
85
20
500
84,78
106
500
121,11
106
600
101,74
127
805
136,52
171
564
136,52
120
266
49,57
56
266
70,81
56
440
82,08
93
440
117,26
93
22
550
102,60
117
550
146,58
117
660
123,12
140
886
165,22
188
620
165,22
131
* Values corresponding to the minimum anchorage length. The maximum permissible load is valid for good bond
conditions as described in EN 1992-1-1. For all other conditions multiply by the value by 0,7. The volume of
mortar correspond to the formula 1,2(d0-d)lb/4

11 / 2010

725

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Example of pre-calculated values for anchoring


Rebar yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm, concrete C25/30, good bond conditions
For all drilling procedures, excluding wet diamond core drilling (DD)
Anchorage
Design
Mortar
Anchorage
Rebar
length lbd
value NRd
volume
length lbd
[mm]
[mm]
[kN]
[ml]
[mm]

Design
Mortar
value NRd
volume
[kN]
[ml]
2 or 5= 0.7
1=2=3=4=5=1.0
1 = 3 = 4 = 1.0
290
58,97
61
290
84,24
61
480
97,65
102
480
139,51
102
24
600
122,07
127
600
174,38
127
720
146,48
153
966
196,57
205
676
196,57
143
302
64,04
114
302
91,49
114
500
106,06
188
500
151,51
188
25
625
132,57
235
625
189,39
235
750
159,08
282
1 006
213,48
378
705
213,48
265
314
69,26
67
314
98,94
67
520
114,70
110
520
163,85
110
26
650
143,37
138
650
204,81
138
780
172,04
165
1 047
230,87
222
733
230,87
155
338
80,35
72
338
114,78
72
600
142,56
127
600
203,66
127
28
700
166,32
148
700
237,60
148
840
199,59
178
1 127
267,83
239
789
267,83
167
362
92,22
160
362
131,74
160
600
152,71
265
600
218,16
265
30
750
190,89
332
750
272,70
332
900
229,07
398
1 418
360,91
627
845
307,39
374
386
104,87
210
386
149,81
210
640
173,66
347
640
248,09
347
32
800
217,08
434
800
310,11
434
960
260,50
521
1 288
349,57
699
902
349,57
490
426
118,43
90
426
169,19
90
680
188,86
144
680
269,81
144
34
850
236,08
180
850
337,26
180
1 020
283,30
216
1 421
394,78
301
995
394,78
211
452
132,78
96
452
189,69
96
720
211,74
153
720
302,49
153
36
900
264,68
191
900
378,11
191
1 080
317,61
229
1 505
442,60
319
1 054
442,60
223
522
163,96
701
522
234,22
701
800
251,40
1 074
800
359,14
1 074
40
1 000
314,25
1 343
1 000
448,93
1 343
1 200
377,10
1 612
1 739
546,52
2 336
1 217
546,52
1 635
* Values corresponding to the minimum anchorage length. The maximum permissible load is valid for good bond
conditions as described in EN 1992-1-1. For all other conditions multiply by the value by 0,7. The volume of
mortar correspond to the formula 1,2(d0-ds)lb/4 for hammer drilling

726

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Example of pre-calculated values for overlap joints


Rebar yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm, concrete C25/30, good bond conditions
For all drilling procedures, excluding diamond wet (DD)
Anchorage
Design
Mortar
Anchorage
Rebar
length lbd
value NRd
volume
length lbd
[mm]
[mm]
[kN]
[ml]
[mm]

Design
Mortar
value NRd
volume
[kN]
[ml]
2 or 5= 0,7
1=2=3=5=6=1,0
1 = 3 = 6 = 1,0
200
13,58
15
200
19,40
15
250
16,98
19
8
300
20,37
23
21,87
322
21,87
24
225
17
200
16,96
18
200
24,22
18
250
21,20
23
250
30,28
23
10
300
25,43
27
350
29,67
32
403
34,13
36
282
34,13
25
200
20,34
21
200
29,06
21
240
24,41
25
240
34,87
25
12
300
30,51
32
300
43,59
32
360
36,61
38
483
49,13
51
338
49,13
36
210
24,95
25
210
35,64
25
280
33,26
34
280
47,52
34
14
350
41,58
42
350
59,40
42
480
57,02
58
564
66,96
68
395
66,96
48
240
32,56
33
240
46,52
33
320
43,42
43
320
62,02
43
16
400
54,27
54
400
77,53
54
480
65,12
65
644
87,39
87
451
87,39
61
270
45,78
57
270
65,40
57
360
61,04
76
360
87,20
76
18
450
76,30
95
450
109,00
95
540
91,56
115
725
122,87
154
507
122,87
108
300
50,87
64
300
72,67
64
400
67,82
85
400
96,89
85
20
500
84,78
106
500
121,11
106
600
101,74
127
805
136,52
171
564
136,52
120
330
61,56
70
330
87,95
70
440
82,08
93
440
117,26
93
22
550
102,60
117
550
146,58
117
660
123,12
140
886
165,22
188
620
165,22
131
Values corresponding to the minimum anchorage length. The maximum permissible load is valid for good
bond conditions as described in EN 1992-1-1. For all other conditions multiply by the value by 0,7. The volume
of mortar correspond to the formula 1,2(d0-ds)lb/4 for hammer drilling

11 / 2010

727

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

Example of pre-calculated values for overlap joints


Rebar yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm, concrete C25/30, good bond conditions
For all drilling procedures, excluding diamond wet (DD)
Anchorage
Design
Mortar
Anchorage
Rebar
length lbd
value NRd
volume
length lbd
[mm]
[mm]
[kN]
[ml]
[mm]

Design
Mortar
value NRd
volume
[kN]
[ml]
2 or 5= 0.7
1=2=3=4=5=1.0
1 = 3 = 4 = 1.0
360
73,24
76
360
104,63
76
480
97,65
102
480
139,51
102
24
600
122,07
127
600
174,38
127
720
146,48
153
966
196,57
205
676
196,57
143
375
79,54
141
375
113,63
141
500
106,06
188
500
151,51
188
25
625
132,57
235
625
189,39
235
750
159,08
282
1 006
213,48
378
705
213,48
265
390
86,02
83
390
122,89
83
520
114,70
110
520
163,85
110
26
650
143,37
138
650
204,81
138
780
172,04
165
1 047
230,87
222
733
230,87
155
420
99,79
89
420
142,56
89
600
142,56
127
600
203,66
127
28
700
166,32
148
700
237,60
148
840
199,59
178
1 127
267,83
239
789
267,83
167
450
114,53
199
450
163,62
199
600
152,71
265
600
218,16
265
30
750
190,89
332
750
272,70
332
900
229,07
398
1 418
360,91
627
845
307,39
374
480
130,25
261
480
186,07
261
640
173,66
347
640
248,09
347
32
800
217,08
434
800
310,11
434
960
260,50
521
1 288
349,57
699
902
349,57
490
510
141,65
108
510
202,35
108
680
188,86
144
680
269,81
144
34
850
236,08
180
850
337,26
180
1 020
283,30
216
1 421
394,78
301
995
394,78
211
540
158,81
115
540
226,87
115
720
211,74
153
720
302,49
153
36
900
264,68
191
900
378,11
191
1 080
317,61
229
1 505
442,60
319
1 054
442,60
223
600
188,55
806
600
269,36
806
800
251,40
1 074
800
359,14
1 074
40
1 000
314,25
1 343
1 000
448,93
1 343
1 200
377,10
1 612
1 739
546,52
2 336
1 217
546,52
1 635
* Values corresponding to the minimum anchorage length. The maximum permissible load is valid for good bond
conditions as described in EN 1992-1-1. For all other conditions multiply by the value by 0,7. The volume of
mortar correspond to the formula 1,2(d0-ds)lb/4 for hammer drilling

728

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-RE 500


post installed rebars

11 / 2010

729

Hilti HIT-HY 150


post installed rebars

Hilti HIT-HY 150 post installed rebars


Injection mortar system

Benefits
Hilti
HIT-HY 150
330 ml foil pack
(also available
as 500 ml
and 1400 ml
foil pack)

Statik mixer

Rebar

Concrete

Drinking
water
appoved

Corossion
tested

Hilti anchor
design
software

- suitable for concrete C 12/15 to


C 50/60
- high loading capacity and fast
cure
- suitable for dry and water
saturated concrete
- for rebar diameters up to 25 mm
- non corrosive to rebar elements
- good load capacity at elevated
temperatures
- hybrid chemistry
- suitable for embedment length till
2000 mm
- suitable for applications down to 5 C

Hilti rebar
design
software

Service temperature range


Temperature range: -40C to +80C (max. long term temperature +50C, max. short term temperature +80C).

Approvals / certificates
Description

Authority / Laboratory

No. / date of issue

Fire test report


Assessment report (fire)

IBMB Braunschweig
Warringtonfire

3162/6989 / 1999-07-16
WF 166402 / 2007-10-26

Materials
Reinforcmenent bars according to EC2 Annex C Table C.1 and C.2N.

730

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-HY 150


post installed rebars

Properties of reinforcement
Product form

Bars and de-coiled rods

Class

Characteristic yield strength fyk or f0,2k (MPa)

C
400 to 600

Minimum value of k = (ft/fy)k

1,08

1,15
< 1,35

Characteristic strain at maximum force, uk (%)

5,0

7,5

Bendability

Bend / Rebend test

Maximum deviation from


nominal mass
(individual bar) (%)

Nominal bar size (mm)


8
>8

6,0
4,5

Bond:
Minimum relative rib area,
fR,min

Nominal bar size (mm)


8 to 12
> 12

0,040
0,056

Setting details
For detailed information on installation see instruction for use given with the package of the product.

Working time, Curing time


Temperature
of the base material TBM
-5 C TBM
0 C TBM
5 C TBM
10 C TBM
20 C TBM
30 C TBM
*

0 C
5 C
10 C
20 C
30 C
40 C

Working time
tgel
90 min
45 min
20 min
6 min
4 min
2 min

Curing time
tcure *
9 h
4,5 h
2 h
90 min
50 min
40 min

The curing time data are valid for dry anchorage base only. For water saturated anchorage bases the curing
times must be doubled.

11 / 2010

731

Hilti HIT-HY 150


post installed rebars

Dry and water-saturated concrete, hammer drilling

a)

a) Note: Manual cleaning for element sizes d 16mm and embedment depth hef 10 d only!

732

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-HY 150


post installed rebars

Fitness for use


Creep behaviour
Creep tests have been conducted in accordance with national standards in different conditions:
in wet environnement at 23 C during 90 days
in dry environnement at 43 C during 90 days.
These tests show an excellent behaviour of the post installed connection made with HIT-HY 150: low
displacements with long term stabilisation, failure load after exposure above reference load.

Resistance to chemical products


HIT-HY 150 has been tested to its resistance to chemical products and the results are given in the table below:

Chemical product
Acetic acid
Hydrochloric Acid
Nitric Acid
Phosphoric Acid
Sulphuric acid
Ethyl acetate
Acetone
Ammoniac
Diesel
Gasoline
Ethanol
Machine oils
Methanol
Peroxide of hydrogen
Solution of phenol
Silicate of sodium
Solution of chlorine
Solution of hydrocarbons

Salted solution (sodium


chloride)
Suspension of cement
Carbon tetrachloride
Xylene

Concentration
First effects
(in % of weight)
(in days)
Pure
6
10 %
20 %
40 %
<1
40 %
40 %
Pure
8
Pure
1
5%
21
Pure
Pure
96 %
30
Pure
Pure
2
30%
3
Saturated
<1
50% pH=14!
saturated
60 % vol Toluene; 30 % vol
Xylene
10 % vol Naphtalene of methyl
10 %
Saturated
Pure
Pure

Resistance
o
+
+
+
+
+
+
o
+
o
+
+
+

+
+
+
+

We can retain that HIT-HY 150 behaves well as alkaline middle and that it is very resistant:
in aqueous solutions in elevated pH (ex: silicate of sodium): no risk of saponification under weathering
in salty solutions (ex: sea water)
in solutions saturated in chlorine (ex: applications in swimming pool).

Electrical conductivity

HIT-HY 150 in cured state shows low electrical conductivity. Its electric resistivity is 2.1011 .m
(DIN VDE 0303T3). It suits well electrically insulating anchoring (ex: railway applications, subway).

11 / 2010

733

Hilti HIT-HY 150


post installed rebars

Drilling diameters
Drill bit diameters d0 [mm]
Rebar (mm)

Hammer drill (HD)

Compressed air
drill (CA)

12

10

14

12

16

17

14

18

17

16

20

20

20

25

26

25

32

32

Basic design data for rebar design

Bond strength
Bond strength in N/mm according to EC2 for good bond conditions
for all drilling methods
Rebar (mm)

Concrete class
C12/15

C16/20

C20/25

C25/30

C30/37

C35/45

C40/50

C45/55

C50/60

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

10

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

12

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

14

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

16

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

18

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

20

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

22

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

24

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

25

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

3,0

Minimum anchorage length


The multiplication factor for minimum anchorage length shall be considered as 1,5 for all drilling methods.

734

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-HY 150


post installed rebars

Minimum and maximum embedment depth and lap lengths for C20/25
Hammer drilling,
Compressed air drilling

Rebar
Diameter ds
[mm]

fy,k
[N/mm]

lb,min*
[mm]

l0,min *
[mm]

lmax

500

170

300

[mm]
1000

10

500

213

300

1000

12

500

255

300

1000

14

500

298

315

1000

16

500

340

360

1500

20

500

425

450

2000

25

500

532

563

2000

*lb,min (8.6) and l0,min (8.11) are calculated for good bond conditions with maximum utilisation of
rebar yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm and 6 = 1,0

11 / 2010

735

Hilti HIT-HY 150


post installed rebars

Precalculated values
Example of pre-calculated values for anchoring
Rebar yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm, concrete C25/30, good bond conditions

Design
Mortar
value NRd
volume
[mm]
[kN]
[ml]
2 or 5= 0.7
1=2=3=4=5=1.0
1 = 3 = 4 = 1.0
150
10,18
12
150
14,55
12
160
10,86
12
160
15,52
12
8
200
13,58
15
21,87
322
21,87
24
225
17
182
15,36
17
182
21,95
17
200
16,96
18
200
24,22
18
10
250
21,20
23
250
30,28
23
300
25,43
27
403
34,13
36
282
34,13
25
218
22,11
22
218
31,59
22
240
24,41
25
240
34,87
25
12
300
30,51
32
300
43,59
32
360
36,61
38
483
49,13
51
338
49,13
36
254
31,35
30
254
43,05
30
280
33,26
34
280
47,52
34
14
350
41,58
42
350
59,40
42
480
57,02
58
564
66,96
68
395
66,96
48
290
39,33
39
290
56,18
39
320
43,42
43
320
62,02
43
16
400
54,27
54
400
77,53
54
480
65,12
65
644
87,39
87
451
87,39
61
361
61,48
76
361
87,76
76
400
67,82
85
400
96,89
85
20
500
84,78
106
500
121,11
106
600
101,74
127
805
136,52
171
564
136,52
120
453
96,06
171
453
137,24
171
500
106,06
188
500
151,51
188
25
625
132,57
235
625
189,39
235
750
159,08
282
1 006
213,48
378
705
213,48
265
* Values corresponding to the minimum anchorage length. The maximum permissible load is valid for good bond
conditions as described in EN 1992-1-1. For all other conditions multiply by the value by 0,7. The volume of
mortar correspond to the formula 1,2(d0-d)lb/4
Rebar

736

Anchorage
length lbd
[mm]

Design
value NRd
[kN]

Mortar
volume
[ml]

Anchorage
length lbd
[mm]

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-HY 150


post installed rebars

Example of pre-calculated values for overlap joints


Rebar yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm, concrete C25/30, good bond conditions

Design
Mortar
value NRd
volume
[mm]
[kN]
[ml]
2 or 5= 0,7
1=2=3=5=6=1,0
1 = 3 = 6 = 1,0
200
13,58
15
200
19,40
15
250
16,98
19
8
300
20,37
23
21,87
322
21,87
24
225
17
200
16,96
18
200
24,22
18
250
21,20
23
250
30,28
23
10
300
25,43
27
350
29,67
32
403
34,13
36
282
34,13
25
220
22,37
23
200
31,97
23
240
24,41
25
240
34,87
25
12
300
30,51
32
300
43,59
32
360
36,61
38
483
49,13
51
338
49,13
36
260
30,89
31
260
44,12
31
280
33,26
34
280
47,52
34
14
350
41,58
42
350
59,40
42
480
57,02
58
564
66,96
68
395
66,96
48
290
39,34
40
290
56,21
40
320
43,42
43
320
62,02
43
16
400
54,27
54
400
77,53
54
480
65,12
65
644
87,39
87
451
87,39
61
370
62,74
79
370
89,63
79
400
67,82
85
400
96,89
85
20
500
84,78
106
500
121,11
106
600
101,74
127
805
136,52
171
564
136,52
120
460
97,57
173
460
139,39
173
500
106,06
188
500
151,51
188
25
625
132,57
235
625
189,39
235
750
159,08
282
1 006
213,48
378
705
213,48
265
* Values corresponding to the minimum anchorage length. The maximum permissible load is valid for good bond
conditions as described in EN 1992-1-1. For all other conditions multiply by the value by 0,7. The volume of
mortar correspond to the formula 1,2(d0-ds)lb/4
Rebar

11 / 2010

Anchorage
length lbd
[mm]

Design
value NRd
[kN]

Mortar
volume
[ml]

Anchorage
length lbd
[mm]

737

Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX


post installed rebars

Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX post installed rebars


Injection mortar system

Benefits
Hilti
HIT-HY 150
MAX
330 ml foil pack
(also available
as 500 ml
and 1400 ml
foil pack)

Static mixer

Rebar

Concrete

Fire
resistance

European
Technical
Approval

CE
conformity

Drinking
water
appoved

Corossion
tested

- suitable for concrete C 12/15 to


C 50/60
- high loading capacity and fast
cure
- suitable for dry and water
saturated concrete
- for rebar diameters up to 25 mm
- non corrosive to rebar elements
- good load capacity at elevated
temperatures
- hybrid chemistry
- multiplication factor for minimum
anchoring and splice length 1.0
- suitable for embedment length till
2000 mm
- suitable for applications down to 10 C

Hilti anchor
design
software

Hilti rebar
design
software

Service temperature range


Temperature range: -40C to +80C (max. long term temperature +50C, max. short term temperature +80C).

Approvals / certificates
Description
European technical approval
Fire test report
Assessment report (fire)
a)

a)

Authority / Laboratory

No. / date of issue

CSTB, France
IBMB Braunschweig
Warringtonfire

ETA-08/0202 / 2008-07-24
3884/8246 / 2007-05-24
WF 166402 / 2007-10-26

All data given in this section according ETA-08/0202, issue 2008-07-24.

Materials
Reinforcmenent bars according to EC2 Annex C Table C.1 and C.2N.

738

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX


post installed rebars

Properties of reinforcement
Product form

Bars and de-coiled rods

Class

Characteristic yield strength fyk or f0,2k (MPa)

C
400 to 600

Minimum value of k = (ft/fy)k

1,08

1,15
< 1,35

Characteristic strain at maximum force, uk (%)

5,0

7,5

Bendability

Bend / Rebend test

Maximum deviation from


nominal mass
(individual bar) (%)

Nominal bar size (mm)


8
>8

6,0
4,5

Bond:
Minimum relative rib area,
fR,min

Nominal bar size (mm)


8 to 12
> 12

0,040
0,056

Setting details
For detailed information on installation see instruction for use given with the package of the product.

Working time, Curing time


Temperature
of the base material TBM
-10 C TBM -5 C
-5 C TBM -0 C
0 C TBM 5 C
5 C TBM 10 C
10 C TBM 15 C
15 C TBM 20 C
20 C TBM 25 C
25 C TBM 30 C
30 C TBM 40 C

11 / 2010

Working time
tgel
180 min
90 min
45 min
20 min
7 min
6 min
5 min
3 min
2 min

Curing time
tcure
12 h
9h
4,5 h
2h
50 min
40 min
30 min
30 min
30 min

739

Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX


post installed rebars

Dry and water-saturated concrete, hammer drilling

a)

a) Note: Manual cleaning for element sizes d 16mm and embedment depth hef 10 d only!

740

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX


post installed rebars

Fitness for use


Creep behaviour
Creep tests have been conducted in accordance with ETAG guideline 001 part 5 and TR 023 in the following
conditions: in dry environnement at 50 C during 90 days.
These tests show an excellent behaviour of the post installed connection made with HIT-HY 150 MAX: low
displacements with long term stability, failure load after exposure above reference load.

Water behaviour

Water: HIT-HY 150 MAX is water tight and water resistant, without any toxicity risk for the environnement.
Drinking water: HIT-HY 150 MAX is NSF certified, in accordance with NSF/ANSI St 61 Drinking Water
System Components - Health Effects. Tests are done at 60 C, which corresponds to domestic hot water. The
use of HIT-HY 150 MAX is possible for water tanks.

Resistance to chemical substances


Chemical substance

Comment

Sulphuric acid
Under sea water
Under water
Alkaline medium

23C
23C
23C
pH = 13,2, 23C

Resistance
+
+
+
+

Drilling diameters
Drill bit diameters d0 [mm]
Rebar (mm)
8
10
12

Hammer drill (HD)

Compressed air
drill (CA)

12 (10) a)

14 (12)

a)

16 (14)

a)

17

14

18

17

16

20

20

18

22

22

20

25

26

22

28

28

24

32

32

25

32

32

a) Max. installation length I = 250 mm.

11 / 2010

741

Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX


post installed rebars

Basic design data for rebar design according to ETA

Bond strength
Bond strength in N/mm according to ETA for good bond conditions
for all drilling methods
Rebar (mm)

Concrete class
C12/15

C16/20

C20/25

C25/30

C30/37

C35/45

C40/50

C45/55

C50/60

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,4

3,4

3,7

10

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,4

3,4

3,7

12

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,4

3,4

3,7

14

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,4

3,4

3,7

16

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,4

3,4

3,7

18

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,4

3,4

3,7

20

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,4

3,4

3,7

22

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,4

3,4

3,7

24

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,4

3,4

3,7

25

1,6

2,0

2,3

2,7

3,0

3,4

3,7

3,7

3,7

Minimum anchorage length


According to ETA-08/0202, the multiplication factor for minimum anchorage length is 1,0 for all approved drilling
methods.

Minimum and maximum embedment depth and lap lengths for C20/25
Hammer drilling,
Compressed air drilling

Rebar
Diameter ds
[mm]

fy,k
[N/mm]

lb,min*
[mm]

l0,min *
[mm]

500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500
500

113
142
170
198
227
255
284
312
340
354

200
200
200
210
240
270
300
330
360
375

10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
25

lmax
[mm]

1000
1000
1000
1000
1500
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000

lb,min (8.6) and l0,min (8.11) are calculated for good bond conditions with maximum utilisation of rebar yield strength
fyk = 500 N/mm and 6 = 1,0

742

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX


post installed rebars

Precalculated values
Example of pre-calculated values for anchoring
Rebar yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm, concrete C25/30, good bond conditions

Design
Mortar
value NRd
volume
[mm]
[kN]
[ml]
2 or 5= 0.7
1=2=3=4=5=1.0
1 = 3 = 4 = 1.0
100
6,79
8 (4)**
100
9,70
8 (4)**
160
10,86
12 (6)**
160
15,52
12 (6)**
8
200
13,58
15
21,87
322
21,87
24
225
17
121
10,24
11 (5)**
121
14,63
11 (5)**
200
16,96
18 (8)**
200
24,22
18 (8)**
10
250
21,20
23
250
30,28
23
300
25,43
27
403
34,13
36
282
34,13
25
145
14,74
15 (7)**
145
21,06
15 (7)**
240
24,41
25 (12)**
240
34,87
25 (12)**
12
300
30,51
32
300
43,59
32
360
36,61
38
483
49,13
51
338
49,13
36
169
20,09
20
169
28,70
20
280
33,26
34
280
47,52
34
14
350
41,58
42
350
59,40
42
480
57,02
58
564
66,96
68
395
66,96
48
193
26,22
26
193
37,45
26
320
43,42
43
320
62,02
43
16
400
54,27
54
400
77,53
54
480
65,12
65
644
87,39
87
451
87,39
61
217
36,86
46
217
52,66
46
360
61,04
76
360
87,20
76
18
450
76,30
95
450
109,00
95
540
91,56
115
725
122,87
154
507
122,87
108
242
40,96
51
242
58,51
51
400
67,82
85
400
96,89
85
20
500
84,78
106
500
121,11
106
600
101,74
127
805
136,52
171
564
136,52
120
266
49,57
56
266
70,81
56
440
82,08
93
440
117,26
93
22
550
102,60
117
550
146,58
117
660
123,12
140
886
165,22
188
620
165,22
131
* Values corresponding to the minimum anchorage length. The maximum permissible load is valid for good bond
conditions as described in EN 1992-1-1. For all other conditions multiply by the value by 0,7. The volume of
mortar correspond to the formula 1,2(d0-d)lb/4 (** values correspond to min. hole diameter)
Rebar

11 / 2010

Anchorage
length lbd
[mm]

Design
value NRd
[kN]

Mortar
volume
[ml]

Anchorage
length lbd
[mm]

743

Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX


post installed rebars

Example of pre-calculated values for anchoring


Rebar yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm, concrete C25/30, good bond conditions

Design
Mortar
value NRd
volume
[mm]
[kN]
[ml]
2 or 5= 0.7
1=2=3=4=5=1.0
1 = 3 = 4 = 1.0
290
58,97
61
290
84,24
61
480
97,65
102
480
139,51
102
24
600
122,07
127
600
174,38
127
720
146,48
153
966
196,57
205
676
196,57
143
302
64,04
114
302
91,49
114
500
106,06
188
500
151,51
188
25
625
132,57
235
625
189,39
235
750
159,08
282
1 006
213,48
378
705
213,48
265
* Values corresponding to the minimum anchorage length. The maximum permissible load is valid for good bond
conditions as described in EN 1992-1-1. For all other conditions multiply by the value by 0,7. The volume of
mortar correspond to the formula 1,2(d0-ds)lb/4 (** values correspond to min. hole diameter)
Rebar

744

Anchorage
length lbd
[mm]

Design
value NRd
[kN]

Mortar
volume
[ml]

Anchorage
length lbd
[mm]

11 / 2010

Hilti HIT-HY 150 MAX


post installed rebars

Example of pre-calculated values for overlap joints


Rebar yield strength fyk = 500 N/mm, concrete C25/30, good bond conditions

Design
Mortar
value NRd
volume
[mm]
[kN]
[ml]
2 or 5= 0,7
1=2=3=5=6=1,0
1 = 3 = 6 = 1,0
200
13,58
15 (7)**
200
19,40
15 (7)**
8
250
16,98
19 (9)**
322
21,87
24
225
21,87
17
200
16,96
18 (8)**
200
24,22
18 (8)**
300
25,43
27
10
350
29,67
32
403
34,13
43
282
34,13
25
200
20,34
21 (10)**
200
29,06
21 (10)**
240
24,41
25 (12)**
240
34,87
25 (12)**
12
300
30,51
32
300
43,59
32
360
36,61
38
483
49,13
51
338
49,13
36
210
24,95
25
210
35,64
25
280
33,26
34
280
47,52
34
14
350
41,58
42
350
59,40
42
480
57,02
58
564
66,96
68
395
66,96
48
240
32,56
33
240
46,52
33
320
43,42
43
320
62,02
43
16
400
54,27
54
400
77,53
54
480
65,12
65
644
87,39
87
451
87,39
61
270
45,78
57
270
65,40
57
360
61,04
76
360
87,20
76
18
450
76,30
95
450
109,00
95
540
91,56
115
725
122,87
154
507
122,87
108
300
50,87
64
300
72,67
64
400
67,82
85
400
96,89
85
20
500
84,78
106
500
121,11
106
600
101,74
127
805
136,52
171
564
136,52
120
330
61,56
70
330
87,95
70
440
82,08
93
440
117,26
93
22
550
102,60
117
550
146,58
117
660
123,12
140
886
165,22
188
620
165,22
131
360
73,24
76
360
104,63
76
480
97,65
102
480
139,51
102
24
600
122,07
127
600
174,38
127
720
146,48
153
966
196,57
205
676
196,57
143
375
79,54
141
375
113,63
141
500
106,06
188
500
151,51
188
25
625
132,57
235
625
189,39
235
750
159,08
282
1 006
213,48
378
705
213,48
265
* Values corresponding to the minimum anchorage length. The maximum permissible load is valid for good bond
conditions as described in EN 1992-1-1. For all other conditions multiply by the value by 0,7. The volume of
mortar correspond to the formula 1,2(d0-ds) lb/4 (** values correspond to min. hole diameter)
Rebar

11 / 2010

Anchorage
length lbd
[mm]

Design
value NRd
[kN]

Mortar
volume
[ml]

Anchorage
length lbd
[mm]

745

Hilti worldwide

Hilti worldwide
Afghanistan
Ansary Engineering Products &
Services (AEP), Hilti Division,
Kabul
Phone +93 799 481 935

Belgium
Hilti Belgium S.A., Asse (Zellik)
Phone+32 2 4677911
Fax+32 2 4665802

Chile
Hilti Chile, Ltda.,Santiago
Phone+562 655 3000
Fax+562 365 0505

Algeria
BFIX SARL, Algiers
Phone+213 216 013 60
Fax+213 216 055 03

Belize
Benny's Homecenter Ltd.,
Belize City,
Phone+501 227 2126
Fax+501 227 4340

China
Hilti (China) Ltd., Shanghai
Phone+86 21 6485 3158
Fax+86 21 6485 0311

Angola
Agrinsul S.A.R.L, Luanda
Phone+244 222 395 884
Fax+244 222 397 935
Argentina
Hilti Argentina, S.R.L., Buenos
Aires
Phone+54 11 4721 4400
Fax+54 11 4721 4410
Aruba
Carfast Holding N.V, Oranjestad
Phone +297-5-828-449
Fax +297-5-832-582
Australia
Hilti (Aust.) Pty. Ltd., Rhodes
Phone+61 2 8748 1000
Fax+61 2 8748 1190
Austria
Hilti Austria Ges.m.b.H., Wien
Phone+43 1 66101
Fax+43 1 66101 257
Azerbaijan
HCA Ltd., Baku
Phone+994 12 598 0955
Fax+994 12 598 0957
Bahrain
Hilti Bahrain W.L.L., Manama
Phone +973 17 702 101
Fax +973 17 702 151
Bangladesh
Aziz & Company Ltd., Hilti
Division,
Dhaka
Phone+8802 881 4461
Fax+8802 8827028
Barbados
Williams Equipment, Ltd.,
St.Michel
Phone+1 246 425 5000
Fax+1 246 417 9140

746

Benin
La Roche S.A.R.L., Cotonou
Phone+229 21330775
Fax+229 21331920
Bhutan
Hilti Regional Office
Middle East & South Asia Region,
Dubai
Phone+9714 8060300
Fax+9718 4480485
Bolivia
Genex, S.A., Santa Cruz
Phone+591 3 343 1819
Fax+591 3 343 1819
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hilti Systems BH d.o.o. Sarajevo,
Sarajevo-Ilida
Phone +387 33 761 100
Fax +387 33 761 101
Botswana
Turbo Agencies, Gaborone
Phone+267 312288
Fax+267 352925
Brazil
Hilti do Brasil Comercial Ltda.,
Barueri
Phone+55 11 4134 9000
Fax+55 11 4134 9021
Bulgaria
Hilti (Bulgaria) GmbH, Sofia
Phone +359 2976 00 11
Fax +359 2974 01 23
Canada
Hilti (Canada) Ltd.,
Mississauga, Ontario
Phone 1-800-363-4458
Fax 1-800-363-4459
Cayman Islands
Active Traders Ltd., Georgetown
Phone +345-769-4458
Fax +345-769-5886

Colombia
Hilti Colombia, Bogot
Phone+571 3810121/3810134
Fax+571 3810131
Costa Rica
Superba S.A., La Uruca, San Jos
Phone+506 255 1044
Fax+506 255 1110
Croatia
Hilti Croatia d.o.o., Sesvete-Zagreb
Phone+385 1 2030 777
Fax+385 1 2030 766
Cyprus
Cyprus Trading Corp. Ltd., Nicosia
Phone+357 22 740340
Fax+357 22 482892
Czech Republik
Hilti CR spol. s r.o, Prag-Pruhonice
Phone+420 2 611 95 611
Fax+420 2 726 80 440
Denmark
Hilti Danmark A/S, Rdovre
Phone +45 88 8000
Fax +45 44 88 8084
Dominican Republik
Dalsan C por A, Santo Domingo
Phone+1 809 565 4431
Fax+1 809 541 7313
Ecuador
Quifatex S.A., Quito
Phone+593 2 247 7400
Fax+593 2 247 8600
Egypt
M.A.P.S.O. for Marine Propulsion &
Supply S.A.E., Cairo
Phone +202 2 698 47 77
Fax+202 2 698 82 60
El Salvador
Electrama, S.A. de C.V.,
San Salvador
Phone+503 274 9745
Fax+503 274 9747
11 / 2010

Hilti worldwide

Estonia
Hilti Eesti O, Tallinn
Phone+372 6 550 900
Fax+372 6 550 901
Ethiopia
A. Sarafian Industrial Accessories
& Tools, Addis Ababa
Phone+251 115512408
Fax+251 115519068
Fiji
Central Pacific Agencies,
Suva
Phone+ 679 336 2580
Finland
Hilti (Suomi) OY, Vantaa
Phone+358 9 47870 0
Fax+358 9 47870 100
France
Hilti France S.A.,
Magny-les-Hameaux
Phone+33 1 3012 5000
Fax+331 3012 5012
Gabon
CECA-GADIS, Libreville
Phone+241 740747
Fax+241 720416
Georgia
ICT Georgia Ltd., Tbilisi
Phone+995 32 25 38 42
Germany
Hilti Deutschland GmbH, Kaufering
Phone+49 8191/90-0
Fax+49 8191/90-1122
Ghana
Auto Parts Limited, Accra
Phone+233 21225924
Fax+233 21224899
Great Britain
Hilti (Gt. Britain) Ltd.,
Manchester
Phone+44 161 886 1000
Fax+44 161 872 1240

Guyana
Agostini's Fastening Systems Ltd.,
Port of Spain
Phone +1 868 623 2236
Fax+1 868 624 6751
Honduras
Lazarus & Lazarus, S.A.,
San Pedro Sula
Phone+504 565 8882
Fax+504 565 8624
Hong Kong
Hilti (Hong Kong) Ltd.,
Tsimshatsui, Kowloon
Phone+852 8228 8118
Fax+852 2764 3234 (main)
Hungary
Hilti (Hungria), Budapest
Phone+36 1 4366 300
Fax+36 1 4366 390
Iceland
HAGI ehf HILTI Iceland, Reykjavik
Phone+354 4143700
Fax+354 4143720
India
Hilti India Pvt Ltd., New Dehli
Phone +91 11 4270 1111
Fax+91 11 2637 1634
Indonesia
P.T. Hilti Nusantara,
Jakarta
Phone+62 21 / 789-0850
Fax+62 21 / 789-0845
Iran
Madavi Company, Hilti Division,
Tehran
Phone+98 21 81 721
Fax+98 21 887 61 523
Iraq
Systems Engineering Services Co.
(SESCO), Hilti Division, Baghdad
Phone+964 1 778 8933
Phone+964 7901 309592

Greece
Hilti Hellas SA, Likovrisi
Phone+30210 288 0600
Fax+30210 288 0607

Ireland
Hilti (Fastening Systems) Ltd.,
Dublin
Phone+353 1 886
Fax+353 1 886 3569

Guatemala
Equipos y Fijaciones, S.A.,
Guatemala City
Phone+502 339 3583
Fax+502 339 3585

Israel
Hilti (Israel) Ltd., Petach Tikva
Phone+972 3 930 4499
Fax+972 3 930 2095

11 / 2010

Italy
Hilti Italia S.p.A., Milano
Phone+3902 212721
Fax+3902 25902189
Jamaica
Evans Safety Ltd., Kingston
Phone+1 876 929 5546
Fax+1 876 926 2069
Japan
Hilti (Japan) Ltd., Yokohama
Phone+81 45 943 6211
Fax+81 45 943 6231
Jordan
Newport Trading Agency, Hilti
Division, Amman
Phone +962 6 4026829
Fax+962 6 4026794
Kazakhstan
EATC Ltd., Almaty
Phone +7327 298 01 80
Fax+7 3272 50 39 57
Korea
Hilti (Korea) Ltd., Seoul,
Phone +82 2 2007 2802
Fax +82 2 2007 2809
Kuwait
Works & Building Co, Hilti Division,
Safat
Phone+965 844 855
Fax+965 4831379
Latvia
Hilti Services Limited, Riga
Phone+371 762 8822
Fax+371 762 8821
Lebanon
Chehab Brothers S.A.L.,
Hilti Division, Beirut
Phone+9611 244435
Fax+9611 243623
Libya
Wemco Workshop & Maintenance
Equipments Co., Tripoli
Phone+ 218 21 4801213
Fax+ 218 21 4802810
Liechtenstein
Hilti Aktiengesellschaft, Schaan
Liechtenstein
Phone+423 234 2111
Fax+423 234 2965
Lithuania
UAB Hilti Complete Systems, Vilnius
Phone+370 6 872 7898
Fax+370 5 271 5341

747

Hilti worldwide

Luxembourg
Hilti G.D. Luxembourg, Bertrange
Phone+352 310 705
Fax+352 310 751

Mozambique
Diatecnica Lda., Maputo
Phone+2581 303816
Fax+2581 303804

Macedonia
Famaki-ve doel, Skopje
Phone+389 2 246 96
Fax+389 2 246 99 97

Namibia
A. Huester Machinetool Company
(Pty) Ltd., Windhoek
Phone+26461 237083
Fax+26461 227696

Madagascar
Socit F. Bonnet Et Fils,
Antananarivo
Phone+261 202220326
Fax+261 202222253

Nepal
INCO (P) Ltd., Kathmandu
Phone+9771 4431 992
Fax+9771 4432 728

Palestine
Shaer United Co. for Modern
Technology, Beit Jala
Phone+970 2 276 5840
Fax+970 2 274 7355
Panama
Cardoze & Lindo,
Ciudad de Panam
Phone+507 274 9300
Fax+507 267 1122
Peru
Qumica Suiza SA, Lima
Phone+511 211 4000
Fax+511 211 4050

Malaysia
Hilti (Malaysia) Sdn. Bhd.,
Petaling Jaya
Phone+60 3 563 38583
Fax+60 3 563 37100

Netherlands
Hilti Nederland B.V.,
Berkel en Rodenrijs
Phone+3110 5191111
Fax+3110 5191199

Maldives
Aima Con. Co. Pvt. Ltd,
Hilti Division, Mal
Phone +960 3330909
Fax+960 3313366

Netherlands Antilles
Fabory Carribbean Fasteners N.V.,
Davelaar
Phone+599 9 737 6288
Fax+599 9 737 6225

Malta
Panta Marketing & Services Ltd.,
Msida
Phone+356 21 441 361
Fax+356 21 440 000

New Zealand
Hilti (New Zealand) Ltd., Auckland
Phone +64 9 571 9995
Fax +64 9 571 9942

Portugal
Hilti (Portugal), Produtos e Servicos,
Lda., Matosinhos Senhora Da Hora,
Phone +351 229 568 100
Fax+35122 9568190

Nicaragua
Fijaciones de Nicaragua, Managua
Phone+505 270 4567
Fax+505 278 5331

Puerto Rico
Hilti Caribe, Inc., Hato Rey,
Phone+1-787 281 6160
Fax+1 787 281 6155

Mexico
Hilti Mexicana, S.A. de C.V.,
Mexico City
Phone+5255 5387-1600
Fax+5255 5281-5967

Nigeria
Top Brands Import Ltd., Hilti
Division
Ikeja
Phone +234 1 817 97 601
Fax+234 1 496 22 00

Qatar
Hilti Qatar
Doha
Phone+974 4425022
Fax+974 435 6098

Moldova
Sculcom Grup SRL, Chisinau
Phone+373 22 212488
Fax+373 22 238196

Norway
Motek AS, Oslo
Phone+47 230 52 500
Fax+47 22 640 063

Mongolia
PSC CO. LTD., Hilti Division,
Ulaan Baatar
Phone+976 +50 88 45 84
Fax+976 50 88 45 85

Oman
Bin Salim Enterprices LLC,
Hilti Division, Muscat
Phone+968 245 63078
Fax+968 245 61193

Morocco
Mafix SA, Casablanca
Phone+2122 257301
Fax+2122 257364

Pakistan
Hilti Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd
Lahore
Phone +9242 111144584
Fax +9242 37500521

Mauritius
Ireland Blyth Limited, Port Louis
Phone+230 207 05 00
Fax+230 207 04 41

748

Philippines
Hilti (Philippines) Inc., Makati City
Phone+632 784 7100
Fax+632 784 7101
Poland
Hilti (Poland) Sp. z o.o., Warsaw
Phone +48 320 5500
Fax +48 22 320 5500

Romania
Hilti Romania S.R.L., Otopeni
Phone+40 213523000
Russia
Hilti Distribution Ltd., Moscow
Phone+7 495 792 52 52
Fax+7 495 792 52 53
Rpublique de Djibouti
Les Etablissements TANI, Djibouti
Phone +235 35 03 37
Fax+235 35 23 33
Saudi Arabia
TFT Ltd
Jeddah
Phone +9662 6983660
Fax +9662 6974696

11 / 2010

Hilti worldwide

Senegal
Senegal-Bois, Dakar
Phone+2218 323527
Fax+2218 321189

Sweden
Hilti Svenska AB, Arlv
Phone+46 40 539 300
Fax+46 40 435 196

Ukraine
HILTI (Ukraine) Ltd., Kyiv
Phone +380 44 390 5566
Fax+380 44 390 5565

Serbia Montenegro
Hilti SMN d.o.o., Belgrade
Phone +381-11-2379-515
Fax+381-11-2379-514

Switzerland
Hilti (Schweiz) AG, Adliswil
Phone+41 844 84 84 85
Fax+41 844 84 84 86

United Arab Emirates


Hilti Emirates L.L.C.
Phone+9714 8854445
Fax+9714 8854405

Singapore
Hilti Far East Private
Ltd., Singapore
Phone+65 6777 7887,
Fax+65 6777 3057

Syria
Al-Safadi Brothers Co., Hilti
Division
Damascus
Phone+96311 6134211
Fax+96311 6123818

USA
Hilti, Inc.,Tulsa
Phone (866) 445-8827
Fax 1-800-879-7000

Slovakia
Hilti Slovakia spol. s r.o., Bratislava
Phone+421 248 221 211
Fax+421 248 221 255
Slovenja
Hilti Slovenija d.o.o., Trzin
Phone+386 1 56809 33
Fax+386 1 56371 12
South Africa
Hilti (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd.,
Midrand
Phone+2711 2373000
Fax+2711 2373111
Spain
Hilti Espaola S.A., Madrid
Phone+3491 3342200
Fax+3491 3580446
Sri Lanka
Hunter & Company Ltd.,Hilti
Division
Phone+94 114713352
Fax +94 114723208
St. Lucia
Williams Equipment Ltd, Castries
Phone +1 758 450-3272
Fax+1 758-450-4206
St.Maarten, N.A.
Carfast Holding N.V., Cole Bay
Phone +599 544 4760
Fax +599-544-4763
Sudan
PEMECO INDUSTRIAL
SUPPLIES CO. LTD. Khartoum
Phone+249 15 517 5031
Fax+249 15 517 5032

11 / 2010

Taiwan
Hilti Taiwan Co., Ltd., Taipei
Phone+886 2 2357 9090
Fax+886 2 2397 3730
Tanzania
Coastal Steel Industrial Limited,
Hilti Division, Dar es Salaam
Phone+255 222865662
Fax+255 222865692
Thailand
Hilti (Thailand) Ltd.,
Bangkok Metropolis
Phone+66 2 751 4123
Phone-2-751 4127
Fax+66 2 751 4116
Trinidad and Tobago
Agostini's Fastening Systems Ltd.,
TT- Port of Spain
Phone+1 868 623 2236
Fax+1 868 624 6751
Tunisia
Permetal SA, Tunis C.U.N
Phone+216 71 766 911
Fax+216 71 766 807
Turkey
Hilti Insaat Malzemeleri Tic .A.S.,
Umraniye/Istanbul
Phone+90 216 528 6800
Fax+90 216 528 6898

Uruguay
Seler Parrado, S.A., Montevideo
Phone+598 2 902 3515
Fax+598 2 902 0880
Uzbekistan
BNZ Industrial Support, Tashkent
Phone +998 90 186 2792
Fax +99871 361
Venezuela
Inversiones Hilti de Venezuela, S.A.,
Caracas
Phone+58 -212-2034200
Fax+58-212-2034310
Vietnam
Hilti AG Representative Office,
Ho Chi Minh City
Phone+84 8 930 4091
Fax+84 8 930 4090
Yemen
Nasser Ziad Establishment, Hilti
Division, Sanaa
Phone+9671 275238
Fax+9671 272854
Zambia
BML Electrical Limited, Kitwe
Phone+260 (2) 226644
Zimbabwe
Glynn's Bolts (Pvt.) Ltd., Harare
Phone+2634 754042-48
Fax+2634 754049

Turkmenistan
Zemmer Legal, Ashgabat
Uganda
Casements (Africa) Ltd., Kampala
Phone+25641 234000
Fax+25641 234301

749