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# Instruction : Answer all questions.

1

## Which physical quantity does not affect pressure in a liquid?

Manakah kuantiti Fizik yang TIDAK mempengaruhi tekanan dalam cecair?
A
B
C
D

## Which instruments is meant for measuring atmospheric pressure?

Manakah peralatan berikut digunakan bagi mengukur tekanan atmosfera?
A
Carburetor
B
Siphon
C
Fortins Barometer
D
Hydrometer
Which of the following statements explains why the wall of a dam is thicker at the bottom?
Manakah antara penyataan berikut menjelaskan mengapa dinding sebuah empangan
lebih tebal di bahagian bawah?
A
B
C
D

Density / Ketumpatan
Depth / Kedalaman
Gravitational field strength / Medan Kekuatan Graviti
Surface area / Luas Permukaan

## Density of water increases with depth

Ketumpatan air bertambah dengan kedalaman
Pressure of water increases with depth
Tekanan air bertambah dengan kedalaman
Surface area of water at the bottom of the dam is smaller
Luas permukaan air di bahagian bawah empangan adalah kurang
The attraction of gravity increases with depth
Daya tarikan gravity bertambah dengan kedalaman

Diagram below shows a boy sucking juice from a glass using straw.
Diagram di bawah menunjukkan seorang budak lelaki menyedut jus dari gelas
menggunakan penyedut minuman.

Which of the following statements about the pressure of the air in region X is true?
benar?
A
It is more than atmospheric pressure
B
It is equal to atmospheric pressure
Ia adalah sama dengan tekanan atmosfera
C
It is less than atmospheric pressure

D
5

It is a vacuum

## Diagram below shows a glass which has a wide base.

Rajah di bawah menunjukkan gelas yang mempunyai permukaan tapak yang luas.

Which of the following physical quantities is minimized because of the wide base area?
Kuantiti fizik yang manakah ialah minimum disebabkan oleh luas permukaan tapak
gelas?
A
B
C
D
6

## Pressure acting on the floor

Tekanan ke atas lantai
Mass of the glass and water
Jisim gelas dan air
Density of the water
Ketumpatan air
Weight of the glass and water
Berat gelas dan air

## Diagram below shows a hydraulic jacks in a car wokshop.

Rajah di bawah menunjukkan pam hidraulik di bengkel kereta.

## Which principle is used in this pump?

Prinsip yang manakah digunakan pam tersebut?
A
Archimedes principle
Prinsip Archimedes
B
Pascals principle
Prinsip Pascal
C
Bernoullis principle
Prinsip Bernoulli
D
Principle of conservation of energy

## Atmospheric pressure is lesser on top of a mountain compared to a sea level.

This is because
Tekanan atmosfera adalah kurang di puncak gunung berbanding dengan paras laut.
A
B
C
D

## the density of the air is less on top of a mountain

Ketumpatan udara adalah kurang di puncak gunung
the molecules move at higher velocities on top of a mountain
Molekul bergerak dengan halaju tinggi di puncak gunung
the molecules of air have less weight on top of a mountain
Molekul udara adalah ringan di puncak gunung
gravitational force is stronger on top of a mountain
Daya graviti lebih kuat di puncak gunung

The diagram shows three beakers P, Q and R containing liquids A, B and C with
densities A, B and C respectively. Identical eggs are placed in each beaker.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan tiga bikar P, Q dan R mengandungi cecair A, B dan C
dengan ketumpatan masing-masing ialah A, B dan C. Telur yang sama ditempatkan ke
dalam setiap bikar.

Telur

Telur

Cecair A

Cecair B

Cecair C

## Which statement is true ?

Penyataan manakah Benar?

A
B
C
D
9

A
A
A
A

<
>
>
<

B
B
C
c

<
>
>
<

C
C
B
B

Diagram below shows the liquid spurting out from each container at the same height.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan cecair yang memancut keluar dari setiap bekas pada
ketinggian yang sama.

Which graph shows the correct relationship between the pressure exerted by the liquid P,
and its density, ?
Graf yang manakah menunjukkan hubungan yang betul Antara tekanan yang dikenakan
oleh cecair, P, dan ketumpatan cecair, ?
A

10

An air bubble with a volume of 2 cm3 rises 12 m from the bottom to the surface of the
lake. When the bubble reaches the surface , its volume is 6 cm3 .
What is the increase in the volume of the bubble ?
Satu buih angin berisipadu 2 cm3 naik 12 m daripada dasar ke permukaan sebuah tasik.
Apabila buih angin sampai ke permukaan, isipadunya ialah 6 cm3.
Apakah pertambahan isipadu bagi buih tersebut?
A
B
C
D

2 cm3 / 2 cm3
4 cm3 / 4 cm3
6 cm3 / 6 cm3
8 cm3 / 8 cm3

1
Diagram 1 shows the cooling curve of a substance.
Rajah 1menunjukkan lengkung penyejukan suatu bahan.

Diagram / Rajah 11
At which phase the substance is in both solid and liquid state?

Which graph shows the relationship between the volume and absolute
temperature of a fixed mass of gas at constant pressure?
mutlak bagi satu jisim tetap gas pada tekanan malar?
A. V / m3

C.

V / m3 B.

T/K

V / m3

T/K

V / m3
D.

T/K

T/K

## Diagram 3 shows a melting curve for a solid of mass 600 g and it is

heated by a 2.0 kW electrical heater. Which part of the temperaturetime graph can be used to calculate the specific latent heat of fusion of
the solid.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan lengkung pemanasan bagi suatu pepejal dengan
jisim 600 g, dan dipanaskan dengan pemanas elektrik 2.0 kW.
Bahagian manakah dalam graf suhu -masa boleh digunakan unutk
mengira muatan haba tentu pelakuran pepejal tersebut.

Diagram/ Rajah 3
A
B

AB
BC

C
D

CD
DE

4
Diagram 4 shows the apparatus set up to determine the specific latent
heat of
vaporation of water.
pendam tentu pengewapan air.
to
powersupply
ke bekalan
kuasa

water
air

heater
pemana
s

compression balance
neraca mampatan

Diagram / Rajah4
The value of specific latent heat of vaporation that is obtained from
the experiment
Is higher than the actual value because
Nilai muatan haba tentu pengewapan yang diperolehi daripada
eksperimen ini lebih tinggi daripada nilai sebenar kerana

## the period of heating is

longer masa pemanasan
lebih lama

## the power of heater used is higher

Kuasa pemanas yang digunakan lebih tinggi

## some of the heat has been loss to the surrounding

Terdapat sejumlah tenaga haba telah terbebas ke persekitaran

Diagram 5 shows four metal blocks of same mass with their respective
specific heat capacity. Same amount of heat is given to each block.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan empat blok logam yang sama jisim dengan
muatan haba tentu yang berbeza. Sejumlah haba yang sama
A

## 1 000 J kg-1 C-1

Diagram/ Rajah 5
Which of the following blocks A, B, C and D
temperature?

## Antara Blok A,B, C dan D, yang manakah akan menunjukkan suhu

yang paling tinggi?
6

## A substance is heated at a steady rate. It changes from solid to liquid,

and then to gas. The graph below shows how its temperature changes
with time.

suhu

/ masa
Which part of the graph shows a change of state?
A

P and R
P dan R

P and S
P dan S
Q and R
Q dan R

C
D

Q and S
Q dan S
Diagram below shows block L and block M of different material in
thermal equilibrium .
yang berlainan berada dalam keseimbangan termal.

Thermometer
termometer

Thermometer
termometer

A
B
C
D

## specific heat capacity of L =specfic heat capacity of M

muatan haba tentu L = muatan haba tentu M.
The net rate of heat transferred is equal