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LCM06

Version:
Issue Date:
Review By Date:
Owned By:
Authorised By:

1.1
August 2006
June 2008
Engineering Manager D & P
Executive Manager D & P

LINE CONSTRUCTION MANUAL LCM06

DETAIL DESIGN AND DRAWING


REVISION TABLE
Version No

Date of Revision

1.0

June 2006

1.1

August 2006

Details of Amendment
Initial Release
Numbering changed to represent previous system used

The above table lists in summary the amendments which have been made with most recent issues of this standard.
The table is updated with each re-issue. The latest amendments within the documents are marked with a change
indicator (|) in the outer margin.

CONTACT
This standard is the responsibility of the
Development and Projects Division, ElectraNet.
Please contact the indicated owner of the standard
with any inquiries.

ElectraNet
52-55 East Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia 5000
PO Box 7096, Hutt Street Post Office,
Adelaide, South Australia 5000
Ph (08) 8404 7966, Fx (08) 8404 7104

L I M I TATI O N O F L I A B I L I T Y AN D
D I S C L A I M E R O F W AR R A N T Y
ElectraNet makes no representation or warranty as
to the accuracy, reliability, completeness or
suitability for particular purposes of the information
in this document. ElectraNet and its employees,
agents and consultants shall have no liability
(including liability to any person by reason of
negligence or negligent misstatement) for any
statements, opinions, information or matter
(expressed or implied) arising out of, contained in
or derived from or for any omissions from the
information in this document, except in so far as
liability under any statute cannot be excluded.

2006 ElectraNet Pty Limited trading as ElectraNet. No part of this document may be reproduced
or copied in any form or by any means (graphic, electronic, mechanical, including photocopying,
recording, taping or information retrieval systems) without the prior written permission of ElectraNet.

LCM06

ElectraNet

TABLE OF CONTENTS
6.1

SCOPE.........................................................................................................................................................3

6.2

DRAWINGS AND INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED BY ELECTRANET....................................3

6.3

DETAIL DESIGN AND DRAWINGS TO BE SUPPLIED BY THE CONTRACTOR........................3

6.3.1
GENERAL................................................................................................................................................3
6.3.2
DETAIL DESIGN......................................................................................................................................4
6.3.3
DETAIL DRAWINGS.................................................................................................................................4
6.3.3.1
Key Diagram Drawings.................................................................................................................4
6.3.3.2
Structure Assembly and Foundation Drawings..............................................................................4
6.3.4
WORKSHOP DETAIL DRAWINGS.............................................................................................................4
6.3.5
SUBMITTING OF MARKED-UP CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS....................................................................5
6.4

TOWER MEMBER DETAILING............................................................................................................5

6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.4.5
6.4.6
6.4.7
6.4.8
6.4.9
6.4.10
6.4.11
6.4.12
6.5

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS......................................................................................................................5
MEMBER DESIGN...................................................................................................................................6
CONNECTIONS........................................................................................................................................6
PLAN BRACING.......................................................................................................................................6
MEMBER DETAILING AND ORIENTATION................................................................................................7
JOINTING OF MEMBERS..........................................................................................................................7
LAPPED SPLICE.......................................................................................................................................7
ECCENTRICITY OF CONNECTED MEMBERS............................................................................................7
PRYING FORCES ON BOLTS.....................................................................................................................7
LOADS TO OUTSTANDING LEGS OF ANGLES.......................................................................................7
CROPPING OF MEMBERS.....................................................................................................................8
MEMBER SWAGING.............................................................................................................................8

GAUGE LINES...........................................................................................................................................8

6.5.1
6.5.2

MAIN GAUGE.........................................................................................................................................8
MAXIMUM GAUGE LINES.......................................................................................................................8

6.6

ERECTION MARKS.................................................................................................................................8

6.7

BOLTS AND NUTS....................................................................................................................................8

6.8

LEG EXTENSIONS AND CONCRETE COLUMNS.............................................................................9

6.9

TOWER STUBS..........................................................................................................................................9

6.10

MINIMUM BOLTS IN A CONNECTION...........................................................................................9

6.11

CLIMBING ACCESS...........................................................................................................................10

6.11.1
6.11.2
6.11.3

STEP BOLTS AND LADDERS..............................................................................................................10


ACCESS LANDINGS AND WORKING PLATFORMS..............................................................................10
ANTI-CLIMBING DEVICES.................................................................................................................11

6.12

MAINTENANCE FACILITIES...........................................................................................................11

6.13

EARTH ELECTRODE CONNECTION............................................................................................11

6.14

NUMBER AND STRUCTURE IDENTIFICATION PLATES.........................................................11

6.14.1
6.14.2
6.15

GROUND VISIBLE PLATES.................................................................................................................11


AIR VISIBLE PLATES.........................................................................................................................11
MANUFACTURE AND TESTING.....................................................................................................11

6.1 SCOPE
This section sets out requirements for the
preparation of detailed drawings for steel

Version: 1.1

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LCM06
structures when required under the Contract.
This includes the requirements for the design
of joints and connections, the detailing of
members and preparation of detailed drawings
for steel structures where required under the
contract.

6.2 DRAWINGS
AND
INFORMATION TO BE
SUPPLIED
BY
ELECTRANET
The Superintendent may have suitable
drawings which will be issued to the
Contractor for manufacture. Sometimes these
drawings will require minor modifications
before manufacture commences. These
modifications shall be done in accordance with
this Specification unless modified by Section 2
of this Specification.
When suitable drawings are not provided by
the Superintendent for the manufacture of the
structures, the Contractor shall prepare
drawings based on information provided by the
Superintendent.

For details on the drawing standards refer to


the Line Design Manual documents (LDM200
series documents).

6.3 DETAIL DESIGN AND


DRAWINGS
TO
BE
SUPPLIED BY THE
CONTRACTOR
6.3.1General
For Contractor-supplied documents:
(a)

(b)

(c)

Where basic engineering structure designs have


been prepared by the Superintendent, the
following is included as part of this
Specification:
(i)
structure outline drawings showing
basic dimensions and disposition of members;
(ii) schedules of member sizes and loads;
(iii) foundation drawings showing basic
dimensions and member sizes.
Where the Superintendent holds existing
general arrangement or assembly & workshop
detail drawings for structure types, these will
be made available to the Contractor on request.
However, the Superintendent does not
guarantee the accuracy of these drawings nor
does the Superintendent guarantee that the
drawings reflect the current general and
structure requirements of this contract. The cost
of modifying, updating and checking of these
drawings shall be included in the scheduled
rates for the structure detailing and preparation
of drawings.

Version: 1.1

the Superintendents Project Manager


shall not be bound to check the
documents for errors, omissions or
compliance with the requirements of
the Contract;
the Superintendents Project Manager
acceptance shall not relieve the
Contractor from responsibility for the
Contractors errors or omissions or
compliance with the requirements of
the Contract;
if the Superintendents Project
Manager notifies the Contractor that
the documents are not suitable, the
Contractor shall submit new or
amended
documents
for
the
Superintendents Project Manager
approval.

6.3.2Detail Design
The Contractor shall be responsible for the
design and detailing of all joints, bolts, plates,
packers, splices and connections to withstand
the design loads for members. Where it is
necessary to modify or provide additional
members
to those
shown
in
the
Superintendents
designs
to
provide
support/strengthening
to
cater
for
eccentricities (eg crossarm tips) the
Contractor shall supply to the Superintendent
its proposal for such members. Upon request
the Superintendent will supply to the
Contractor such information as is necessary to
carry out this work. All associated costs
including design, detailing, drafting, checking
and certification shall be deemed to be
included in the scheduled rates.

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Any increase in weight and/or grade (member


size or thickness) to achieve bearing, shear or
cross section net area of bolted connections due
to Contractors choice of number and size of
bolts shall be deemed to be included in the
scheduled rates.
The Contractor shall also be responsible for the
detailing of ladders and rest platforms, and
foundations where structure design is the
Contractors responsibility. The Contractor
shall be responsible for detailing the
attachment to the structure of ladders, step
bolts, access landings, working platforms,
identification plates and anti-climbing devices.
The Contractor shall provide, at completion of
the structure fabrication, a schedule detailing
the weights for each structure type and for all
structure heights listed in the schedules. The
schedule of weights shall itemise the weight of
structure steel including galvanising, weights
of joint plates and weight of bolts for the
structure.
Each structure type shall be completely
detailed on working drawings for all
combinations of structure body and leg
extension regardless of whether a particular
combination is required for erection under this
contract.

6.3.3Detail Drawings
The Contractor shall supply to the
Superintendent
all
relevant
drawings
containing the following information:

6.3.3.1
Key
Drawings

Diagram

Outline of structure showing all assembly and


assembly reference drawing numbers of each
assembly.

6.3.3.2
Structure
Assembly
and
Foundation Drawings
i.
All major dimensions (to match
geometry);
ii.
The section size and grade of material
for all members and splices;
iii.
The thickness and grade of material
for all plates;
iv.
The diameter, length and number of
bolts and full details of associated

Version: 1.1

nuts, washers and packing pieces for


each bolt, including step holes;
v.
Bolt legend clearly identifying each
bolt and hole diameter;
vi.
Details of attachments for insulator
and OPGW and all maintenance,
access and safety devices;
vii.
Identification marks for all tower
components;
viii.
Details of construction set out;
ix.
Workshop detail items reference
drawing list.

6.3.4Workshop
Drawings

Detail

The Contractor shall supply to the


Superintendent, all workshop detail drawings
prepared for all items which shall contain the
following information:
i.

ii.

Full dimensions and the location of


all holes. Hole sizes to be shown as
symbols and as numeral size in
millimetres;
The cutting length of all members,
the overall size of all plates,
cropping, grinding, swaging and all
other finishing details of these
members and plates.

The preparation of details shall include for


those connections which require eccentric
connections or bending of plates or outstanding
legs of rolled angles the preparation of
calculations to demonstrate the adequacy of the
connection. This shall include the connection
between the members at the outer end of the
crossarm. These calculations shall be provided
to the Superintendents Project Manager for
approval.

6.3.5Submitting of MarkedUp
Construction
Drawings
The
Contractor
shall
mark-up
all
Construction Drawings to reflect as-built
conditions
for
submitting
to
the
Superintendents Project Manager.
The
marked up drawings shall show any changes
or alterations that were required during
construction. If no changes or alterations are
applicable to a specific drawing, the
Contractor shall clearly mark the drawing as

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No Changes, to indicate that installation
was exactly as per the Construction
Drawing details.
The purpose of this exercise is to enable the
Superintendent to re-issue all Construction
Drawings as As-Built Drawings, which
will serve as an exact record of construction
for the Superintendent.
Payment for this activity shall be deemed to
be incorporated in the Structure Erection
and Erection of Line Materials sections of
the Schedule of Rates.
Failure to submit clearly and correctly
marked-up Construction Drawings will be
deemed a non-conformance by the
Superintendent.

6.4 TOWER
DETAILING

MEMBER

6.4.1General Requirements
Member detail design shall be in accordance
with AS4100 or AS/NZS 3995 as appropriate
and relevant ElectraNet fitting drawings.
All structures shall incorporate attachment
fittings such as hanger brackets and landing
plates and shall provide a position for
attachment of insulators.
The number of different parts shall be kept to a
minimum in order to facilitate transport,
erection and inspection.
Pockets and
depressions likely to hold water shall be
avoided and all vertical flanges of members are
to be orientated downward unless requirements
dictate otherwise. If pockets are unavoidable,
then holes or outlets must be provided to
ensure proper drainage.
Fasteners (nuts and bolts) should be capable of
being installed such that adequate clearance
from adjacent structural members is provided
to enable standard tools to be used for
tightening.
Gusset plates are to be reduced to the minimum
dimensions possible, with all surplus material,
sharp corners etc., cropped for safety and
aesthetic reasons. The minimum thickness of
gusset plates shall be 5mm.

Version: 1.1

Bolt groups shall be compact and arranged for


minimum eccentricity.
At all tension, suspension and maintenance
plates and/or brackets the flanges of angles or
any part of the structure shall not interfere with
the free insertion or removal of any bolt or pin
associated with line hardware or maintenance
equipment.
The positioning of the various parts of a
structure must be such that contact areas are
flat, where necessary members are to be
cropped to maintain clearance from any
adjacent member or corner radius.
All nominal (redundant) braces shall be
capable of transferring 2.5 per cent of
connected main member loads and fastened
with a minimum of one 16 mm diameter bolt.
All other connections for legs and primary
bracing
shall
comprise
double-bolted
connections unless otherwise approved by the
Superintendent.
All horizontal or up to 45 horizontal members
which could be subject to being climbed upon
shall be designed for an ultimate vertical load
of 1.8kN at their mid point or such point as
gives the maximum stress.
Tower member intersections and the apex of
phase/earth wire crossarms shall be detailed to
deter the occurrence of bird nesting. Particular
care should be taken in regard to suspension
crossarms to prevent bird nesting directly over
the insulator.

6.4.2Member Design
Tower member design and slenderness shall
satisfy criteria specified in ASCE 10-97.
Appropriate live loads and deflection limits
shall be considered in the selection of slender
plan bracing members supporting ladders
platforms/rest stations. Such members shall be
subject to man-standing loads to facilitate
construction.

6.4.3Connections
Tower member shall comprise single-nut or
double-nut type tower bolts to AS1559
designed in accordance with AS3995. Subject
to ElectraNet approval, high strength bolts to
AS/NZS 1252 may be used.

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Bolt groups shall be compact and arranged for


minimum eccentricity.
Nuts and bolts shall have adequate clearance
from adjacent structural members to enable
use of standard tools for tightening.
Bolts fitted with a single-nut and standard
flat washer shall have bolt threads
centre-punched after final tightening.
Connections used for conductor attachments
may be secured with split-pins fitted through a
hole drilled across the bolt diameter or fitted
with double-nut type tower bolts instead of
centre-punching threads.
Bolt threads shall be centre-punched in all
locations on leg splice & bracing connections
below the anti-climb.
Bolts are selected such that the shear planes
are not acted through threaded portion.
Spring washers shall not be used. Bolt threads
shall be centre-punched after final tightening.
Tower leg splices shall be located approx 1
meter above plan bracing level or other level
to allow ready access for installation of bolts.

6.4.4Plan Bracing
Appropriate plan bracing shall be incorporated
into the tower arrangement to maintain the
integrity of the tower under severe local
transverse & torsional loading effects.
Minimum locations for internal plan cross
bracing shall include:

Top panel level of tower;

Bottom level of crossarm chords;

Tower waist;

Top level of k-brace.

K- and plan bracing may be supported with


hip bracing to improve member slenderness
and provide support for vertical live loads
imposed during construction and maintenance
access.
Maximum distance between plan bracing shall
be less than 12m.

Version: 1.1

6.4.5Member Detailing and


Orientation
Member detailing shall be in accordance with
AS3995.
Pockets and depressions likely to hold water
shall be avoided, but if unavoidable, holes or
outlets must be provided to ensure proper
drainage.
All vertical flanges of members shall be
oriented downwards unless connection or
structural clearance requirements dictate
otherwise.
Gusset plates shall be detailed to achieve the
minimum dimension possible.
Where necessary members shall be cropped to
maintain clearance from any adjacent member
or root radius and to allow bolted contact areas
to sit flat. Plates shall be cropped to prevent
sharp corners protruding past the edges of
adjacent members.
No welded connections/splices shall be used in
the fabrication of structures unless specific
approval is given by ElectraNet.

6.4.6Jointing of Members
All leg and main structural members shall be
jointed by butt or lap joints whichever gives the
minimum eccentricity. Where lap-joints are
used for rolled steel angle members, or where
butt-joints are used with an internal butt-angle,
the heel of the inside angles being connected
shall be chamfered to clear the fillet of the
outside angle. Such joints where they occur in
any member shall be positioned as remotely as
possible from the mid-point in the effective
column length of that portion of the member
concerned. An allowance such as reduction in
normal design stress shall be made for
eccentricities introduced by lap joints.

6.4.7Lapped Splice
Where a member contains a splice comprising
a single lapped plate or angle section, the
spacing of the bolts in each bolt group must be
adjusted to prevent rotation of the joint which
may affect the capacity of the member in
compression. As a minimum, the bolt spacing
in a two bolt splice must be 150 mm.

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LCM06

6.4.8Eccentricity
of
Connected Members
The connection between members must be
assessed for any eccentricity which may affect
the capacity of the connected member.

6.4.9Prying Forces on Bolts


Where a connection applies an identifiable
prying force to a bolt, the capacity of the bolt
must be re-assessed by the detailer and the
detail substantiated with calculation.

6.4.10
Loads
Outstanding
Angles

Legs

to
of

6.5 GAUGE LINES


6.5.1Main Gauge
The main gauge line measured from the heel
of the angle shall be as close as possible to the
minor principal axis of the member crosssection. This will generally mean that main
bolt gauge lines are close to the mid width of
the connected leg on equal angle sections.
Alternative gauge lines may be used where an
assessment of the member capacity by the
detail drafter shows that it is not critical.
Main gauge lines must be large enough to
allow suitable spanners to be used to tighten
the nut and bolt. The open ended podger
spanner is the preferred measure.

Where a load is applied to a leg of an angle or


a flat plate, the section must be assessed for
bending. Particular attention must be given to
vertical loads on the ends of crossarms
connected to the bottom face of crossarm
chord members. Appropriate gauge lines,
member thickness and reinforcing plates
should be considered.

6.5.2Maximum Gauge Lines

6.4.11
Cropping
Members

All members shall be stamped with an


alphanumeric mark number to identify the
member and also a mark to show whether the
member is of high tensile or mild steel. Only
fully interchangeable members shall have the
same mark number. The Contractor shall
supply appropriate information on the
Drawings to enable the Superintendent to
quickly and easily identify the position or mark
of any member of the structure.

of

Members may be cropped to allow members


to be connected in a minimum size joint.
Crops which have the potential to reduce the
local and overall member capacity should be
avoided. In particular, removal of part of one
flange of an angle section either at any
position along the member.

6.4.12

Member Swaging

Swaging of members to correctly align


connected surfaces is permitted but the detailer
must give consideration to the effect of the
deformation on the capacity of the member.
Members which have a swaged detail must
have the shape of the swage shown on the
manufacturing drawing. As a minimum the
maximum change of direction of the outer
edge of the angle must be less than 1:2. The
position of the commencement of the swage
must generally be as close as possible to the
required location.

Version: 1.1

Gauge lines on members shall allow for the


rolling tolerance of the larger member and still
achieve the minimum edge distance required.

6.6 ERECTION MARKS

6.7 BOLTS AND NUTS


All field connections between tower members
shall be by means of galvanised bolts and nuts
supplied in accordance with AS1559-1986.
The diameter of bolts shall be not less than
16mm. The threads of all bolts shall be of
I.S.O. Coarse Pitch series and bolt heads and
nuts of the hexagonal type. The ultimate loads
for bolts shall be as shown on ElectraNets
drawings.
The requirements for design of connections of
AS4100 Steel Structures Code shall generally
apply in regard to bolts and boltings, except

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that edge distances may be reduced to the


values shown on ElectraNets drawings unless
otherwise directed.

Load bearing cleats shall be fitted to all tower


stubs for embedment support within concrete
footings.

All bolts shall be fitted with galvanised flat


washers to AS1559 and nuts. Spring washers
shall not be used.

Tower stubs that extend to the toe of bored


pier and mass-concrete footing types may be
fitted with bolted cleats. Welded load-bearing
cleats shall be used to support (short) stubs for
all other footing types and arrangements
unless otherwise approved.

Bolts in tension shall be also fitted with lock


nuts or stainless steel split pins, as directed by
the Superintendent.
The threads of bolts shall in all cases project
past the depth of the nut, when the nut is fully
tightened, but such projection shall not exceed
10mm.
The length of bolt shank shall be chosen to
ensure that the plane or planes of shear of the
members connected are clear of the bolt thread,
and also the nut shall not be thread-bound
when tightened. If necessary, bolts longer than
the minimum length required by AS1559 shall
be used and a flat washer shall be fitted.

6.8 LEG
EXTENSIONS
AND
CONCRETE
COLUMNS
The supply, installation and erection of the
basic three metre tower leg extensions or plus
and minus one metre leg extensions and/or the
installation of extended concrete columns of
additional length up to 1.0m may be required as
determined by the Contractor and approved by
the Superintendent.

Length of stubs shall be detailed such that, the


tower K-point will be located 300mm - 900m
above nominal ground level, and load-bearing
cleats are positioned within footing elements
to allow dispersion of bearing stresses.
For further details, refer ElectraNet procedure
LDM 237 Tower Footing Design.

6.10 MINIMUM BOLTS IN A


CONNECTION
The following minimum bolt requirements are
to be used:
Top and bottom chords of phase and earthwire
crossarms
Main bracing members with the smallest leg of
the angle greater or equal to 75 mm in width
Any member which is part of a bracing system
comprising a minimum of two members which
carries similar and opposite tension and
compression forces and the tensile capacity
exceeds 45 kN
Leg members

6.9 TOWER STUBS


Tower stub shall be of the same section size
and material grade as the connecting tower leg
member unless otherwise specified.
Splice hole pattern shall match ElectraNet leg
splice components.
An 18mm diameter hole for tower earthing
shall be installed below the K-point level in
each flange of all stub members. Care shall be
taken to ensure sufficient clearance is provided
for fitment of the earthing lugs between the
splice components and finished surface of the
concrete. Alternatively, earthing holes above
the K-point may be installed.

Version: 1.1

Any plate or cleat which permanently supports a


conductor or cable

Any plate or cleat which temporarily supports a


conductor or cable

Secondary bracing members


Deviations from the above list of typical
minimum requirements may be permitted or
required by the Superintendent.

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2 off diam
2 off diam
2 off diam

4 off diam
places

8 off diam
2 off diam
point. Whe
a horizont
between att
2 off diam
mm with d
there are m
plate these
points
1 off 16 mm

ElectraNet
LCM06

6.11 CLIMBING ACCESS


6.11.1
Step
and Ladders

Bolts

Towers shall be fitted with step bolts to


AS1559 above the anti-climb barrier on one
leg as nominated.
Step bolts shall conform to ElectraNets
drawings and be located to provide convenient
and safe movement. Step bolts shall be
provided on one tower leg for single circuit
towers and guyed masts, and diagonally
opposite legs on double circuit towers. A left
step shall always be followed by a right step
and vice versa. Step bolt holes are to be
provided on these legs between K point and
anti-climbing devices. Step bolts shall be fitted
with climbing loop attachment in accordance
with drawings.
Special step bolts shall be provided in lieu of
bolts when a step location must necessarily
coincide with a gusset or splice plate.
Tower members shall not be used as steps
except that step angles at not more than
300mm spacings may be used for access on
tower earthwire peaks.
Every ladder and its fixings shall be designed
for an ultimate vertical load of 23kN spaced at
the one third and two third points along the
ladder. Assembly and detail of ladder rungs
shall conform to ElectraNets drawings.
Earthwire peak step angles shall be arranged to
provide convenient access for work on the
earthwire and earthwire assemblies. The step
angles shall be designed for an ultimate vertical
load of 2.35kN at the mid point or such point
as gives the maximum stress

6.11.2
Access Landings
and Working Platforms
Access landings shall be provided as indicated
on the General Requirement Drawings.
Rest and working platforms and their
supporting members shall be designed to
withstand the floor loads specified in AS1657.
Where necessary, working platforms shall be
rebated to allow the suspension of a hook
ladder from convenient horizontal tower

Version: 1.1

members. The rebate shall be located such that


convenient access to suspension jumper
insulation strings and conductors is attained
when working from the hook ladder.

6.11.3
Devices

Anti-climbing

Refer ElectraNet procedure LDM 234 Tower


Anti-Climb Devices.
All towers shall be fitted with anti-climbing
devices conforming to ElectraNets drawings
unless otherwise required in Section 1 of this
Specification.

6.12 MAINTENANCE
FACILITIES
Members, particularly crossarm and earth wire
peaks, shall be detailed to allow for and/or
include approved fixtures to suit construction
and
dead
or
live-line
maintenance
requirements.
All structures shall incorporate maintenance
lugs, cleats and holes, as specified in the
General Requirements drawings, for rigging
purposes during maintenance.

6.13 EARTH
ELECTRODE
CONNECTION
Provision shall be made at the base of all
structure legs for the bolted attachment of earth
electrodes as shown on ElectraNets drawings

6.14 NUMBER
AND
STRUCTURE
IDENTIFICATION
PLATES
6.14.1
Ground
Plates

Visible

Provision shall be made for the installation of


Number and Structure Identification Plates,
Warning Signs, Circuit Identification Plates to
be supplied by the Superintendent and installed

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by the Contractor in accordance with the


General Requirements Drawings.

6.14.2
Plates

Air

Visible

Every fifth structure along the line shall be


fitted with a tower number plate in accordance
with ElectraNet's drawings for aerial viewing.
These plates are to be installed on the earthwire
peak to identify tower locations when the line
is patrolled by air. These numbers are to
alternately face one side of the line and the
other such that from one side of the line, every
tenth tower number will be visible.

6.15 MANUFACTURE
TESTING

AND

Refer ElectraNet procedure LCM 07 Tower


Structure Supply & Fabrication, "LCM 08
Tower Structure Prototype Assembly" and
"LCM 09 Tower Structure Load Testing".
.New tower designs may be based on
geometry and joint detail of existing tower
arrangements that have been proven by fullscale load tests.
Otherwise, tower design shall be accompanied
by full-scale tests unless otherwise approved
by ElectraNet.

Version: 1.1

LCM06 Detail Design and Drawing

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