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Write your answer on extra sheet of paper, if necessary
Homework 3 of Math 200 Mathematical Analysis III in 2009 Due Monday through
Thursday, 26th-29th September. Hand to the TA room on G/F of Block 1, if your
tutorial class is on holiday.
13.5 (Read example 6 on p.873 and example 3 on p. 881) Find all the points (, ) on
the given surface = (, ) at which the tangent plane is horizontal.
Remark. A normal vector n to the tangent plane of the graph of = (, )
is given by n = ( , , 1) = (, )i + (, )j k, so the tangent plane is
horizontal at the point (, , (, )) of if and only if the point (, ) satises the
equations (, ) = (, ) = 0.
5. = 2 + 2 6 + 2 + 5

6. = 10 + 8 6 2 2

13.5 (Read example 6 on p883) Find the highest and lowest points (if they exist) on
the graph = (, ) :
18. = 34 + 43 + 6 4 16 3 + 12 2 = 122 (
), = 24(
).
Then ( , ) = (0, 0) if and only if (, ) = ( , ), or ( , ) or
There is only the lowest point on the graph, because (, 0) = 34 + 43 =
32 2 + 43 32 when 1, and then (, 0) is not bounded from above, so
there is not any highest point on the graph.

28. (, ) = 2 ; is the circular disk 2 + 2 3.

Remark.
One can parametrize the boundary the disk by using = 3 cos and

= 3 sin , (0 2).

13.6 Find the dierential of the following functions:


1. (, ) = 32 + 4 2 2 :

dierential =
+
= (6 + 4) + (4 4).

Remarks. (i) If = (, , ) is a function of 3 variables, then ( or if one


just want to indicate the function rather the dependent variable ), then

+
+
.
=

(ii) one should think of the (component) dierentials , , is another symbol


the canonical basis vectors i, j and k.
7. (, , ) = log(2 + 2 + 2 ), then by chain rule of one variable, one has

1
2
2
= 2

( + 2 + 2 ) = 2
. So the dierential

+ 2 + 2
+ 2 + 2

2
=
+
+
= 2
+
+

+ 2 + 2
8. (, , ) = sin(), =

13.5 (Read example 6 on p883) Find the maximum and minimum values attained by
the given function (, ) on the given region in -plane.
25. (, ) = 2 + 2 2;
and (0, 2).

is the triangular region with vertices at (0, 0), (2, 0),

( )( ) ( + )( )
=
=
,

( )2
( )2
( )( ) ( + )( )

=
=

( )2

=
+
=
.
2
2
2
( )
( )
( )

14. (, ) =

21. = exp(2 4 2 2 ). In fact, it follow that exp is an increasing function,


so it suces to determine the highest and lowest points of the function (, ) =
2 4 2 2 .

+
,

16. (, , ) = exp(2 2 2 ),
= exp(2 2 2 )(
+

).

13.7 Use the exact value ( ) and the dierential to approximate the value ().

17. (, ) = 2 + 2 ; (3, 4), and (2.97, 4.04)

22 2 , 22 2 ), and ( ) = (3, 4) = ( 35 , 45 ).
(, ) =
i + j = (
2

() = (3 0.03, 4 + 0.04),
(where h is a vector = (0.03, 0.04) )
= ( + h) = ( ) + ( ) h + higher order terms in h
( ) + ( ) h
= (3, 4) + (3, 4) (0.03, 0.04) = 5 + ( 35 , 45 ) (0.03, 0.04) = 5 +

0.07
5 .

18. (, ) =

2 2 ;

19. (, ) =

1
1++ ;

= 2 2 , = 2 + 2 , = 2 2

8. = + + ;

(13, 5), and (13.2, 4.9)

(3, 6), and (3.02, 6.05)


13.7 Find

, ,

10. = 2 2 2 ,

13.6 Use dierentials to approximate the indicated number:

26. ( 26)( 3 28)( 4 17)

11. = sin(/),

= + , = + , = +

2 3 , = + 2 + 3

27. 0.4 = exp(1.12 0.92 )

13.7 (Read theorem 1, examples 1 and 3 in 13.7) Find


both by using the chain
rule, and by expressing explicitly as a function of before dierentiating:
3. = sin();

= , = 2 , = 3

4. = log( + + );

13.7 Find
equation:

and

as functions of , and , assuming = (, ) satises the given

19. 2/3 + 2/3 + 2/3 = 1


Plugging = (, ) into the equation, we have 2/3 + 2/3 + ((, ))2/3 = 1,
and dierentiate this identity with respect to and respectively, we have
) 2
1
( 2/3
2

0=
=
+ 2/3 + ((, ))2/3 = 1/3 + ((, ))1/3 , so

3
3

= cos , = sin , =

20. 3 + 3 + 3 =
13.7 (Read theorem 2, example 4 in 13.7) Find
6. = sin ;

and

= 2 + , = , =
23.

7. =

2 + 2 + 2 ;

= 3 sin , = 3 cos , = 4

2
2
2
+
+
=1
2
2
2