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1.

0 3R Waste recycling in Malaysia


1) Waste recycling in Malaysia
In Malaysia, there are three types of recyclables such as Paper, plastics and bottles, but
very little of the waste is reused. In Kuala Lumpur for example, the current recycling rate
is at 4. 5% of the waste generated. There is a plan to build it to 16% by 2005 and 20% by
2020, which is still valid till date. A newspaper article published in The New Sunday
Times, describes the Malaysia attitude towards recycling as a Not-In-My-Backyard
(NIMBY) syndrome when it comes to issues of waste. People are also wary but still
Malaysians only recycle less than 5% of all the waste. This opinion is supported by other
sources that claim that the waste consciousness in Malaysia is poor, and most people
dont wish to take a more personal endeavor in matter mostly associated with dirt, filth
and odor. However true this statement may be, Malaysians have begun to recycle more as
Malaysia launched first official recycling program in the peninsular Malaysia at
sometimes in 1993 and was initiated by the MHLG. The stated objectives of the national
recycling program was about Eco-efficiency. Eco-efficiency is the delivery of
competitively priced goods and services that satisfy human needs and bring quality of
life, while progressively reducing ecological impacts and resource intensity throughout
the life cycle, to a level at least in line with Earths estimated carrying capacity. Seven
elements or steps companies can make to improve Eco-efficiency:1.) Reduce material intensity
2.) Reduce energy intensity
3.) Reduce dispersion of toxic substances
4.) Enhance the ability to recycle
5.) Maximize use of renewable resources
6.) Extend product durability
7.) Increase service intensity
The recycling program of most Local Government was envisioned as comprising of setting up of
buy-back center and the placement of drop off containers for recyclables at strategic locations
such as schools, shopping malls, and so on. According to the report at the start of the national
recycling program, 23 Local Government of peninsular Malaysia had volunteered to become

participants of the program. But because of poor planning and lack of public participations the
number of participants of the program declined to only10 Local Government in 1998, many of
the Local Government then chose not to continue with their recycling program. The Ministry of
Housing and Local Government (MHLG) re-launched the recycling programs in December 2000
to make a difference from the first failed launching of the program. In this second launching of
the recycling program, participants were chosen by the MHLG, 29 Local Government of
Peninsular Malaysia were chosen based on several criteria. One of these criteria was the volume
of waste generated by the municipalities. MHLG provided every participant with special drop-of
containers for recyclables and these containers must be placed at strategic locations of
the municipalities. To encourage public participation in this second recycling program, the
MHLG engaged the services of one of the local public relation company in the city to carry out
productions of pamphlets, posters and billboards, and commercial advertisement, and even
recycling song to spice up the occasion. Also in addition to this, many of the major cities in
Malaysia several buy-back centers established for easy deposition of recycling materials.
Another big difference in this second national program was the MHLG involved several
companies that were known to be major producers of recyclable materials to participate in
the recycling program. It initially involved only 23 municipalities when the program was first
launched but later evolved up to 145 municipalities across the country. The main objectives are
to reduce the costs of solid waste management/operation as well as to conserve resources.
Although recycling activities could be said to be on the rise, the materials recycling industry in
Malaysia is demanding much larger quantities of recyclables. For example, Malaysia News Print
Industries Sdn Bhd was forced to import 50% of its materials, and Kuala Lumpur Glass
Manufacturing Sdn Bhd also imported 20% of their materials. This data is still same as the
material recycling rate is still 5% till now, and raw material is not enough for these
local companies.
3.0 3R waste in other countries [Japan]
1) In-house Paperless Declaration
Since making our In-house Paperless Declaration in April 2012, Japan has actively sought to
eliminate paper from internal and external processes, meetings, and reports, with the aim of
becoming a paperless company. Moreover, not only are we pursuing the proper disposal of

communications equipment and construction waste materials from network facilities, we are also
actively reducing the amount of waste produced and improving our rate of recycling while
properly disposing of the industrial waste associated with business activities at offices and
logistics centers.
2) 100% paperless customer support centers realized
To reduce the risk of information leaks occurring when handling printed materials, in Japan has
been eliminating paper items including manuals, notepads, and notices from its day-to-day
operations, aiming to become 100% paperless in the handling of customer information at
customer support centers. These efforts have enabled SoftBank to reduce its standard annual
paper consumption by approximately 3.12 million sheets (equivalent to 240 logs). The company
will continue to expand these efforts and targets to other areas of its business. In japan they uses
specialized lockable security boxes for the collection and disposal of confidential documents.
Rather than disposing of confidential documents individually as paper trash, collecting discarded
documents in a specialized locked box and destroying them in bulk later ensures security and
allows the paper to be recycled for toilet tissue and other uses.
3) Proper disposal of industrial waste
In Japan they makes active efforts to not only properly dispose of communication equipment and
construction waste produced by network facilities; it also works to reduce the amount of waste
actually produced and recycle more efficiently. Industrial waste produced at our offices and
logistics centers is disposed of in accordance with laws concerning industrial waste management.
4) Efforts to create the Cleanest training camp in Japan
During their 2013 spring training camp, the sixth year of the event, they promoted the use of
recyclable containers and dishes and set up Eco Stations for trash separation and collection. In
addition, Japan government has promotes using public transportation when traveling to the
training camp, and the use of green electricity to prevent global warming. Also, smoking areas
are separated from non-smoking areas to create a safe and comfortable environment.

1.0 How to implement 3R principles in industry field [EXTRA POINT]


During the implementation of and also application of 3R principles different people in charge
with construction activities, usually should do some tasks for making balance between
sustainable improvements and also different improvements in the environment. By using reuse,
recycle and also reduce principles we can collect different scattered energies in the environment
in order to achieve better sustainable buildings.
Reduce
The term reduce has been used for decreasing the unnecessary type of the energy. In order to
reduce different types of the wastes in the construction projects, we have to create good habits of
energy use among different energy users especially in the construction industry field.
Recycle
It seems very important for the construction activities in order to use recyclable materials in the
construction activities. As an example by using cycling energy wasted heat of air conditions can
be used for heating home and nowadays they made it possible do some creative activities in the
construction sites.
Reuse
Usually the term reuse relates to converting energy to another type, in different steps of the
constructional activities. Generally we can change the energy from one type to another type. As
an example we can collect the waste materials in the construction sites and change them to
another type of energy in the related factories.