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WELDER LEVEL C

Program Outline

Welder Level C Apprenticeship Program Outline Industry Training Authority October 2007

WELDER LEVEL C
PROGRAM OUTLINE

November 2007

Developed By
Industry Training Authority
Province of British Columbia

FOREWORD
This Program Outline was developed to meet the needs of Employers and other Industry
Stakeholders. It will be used primarily as a guide for instructors in the delivery of Welder Level C
apprenticeship technical training classes sponsored by the Industry Training Authority.
Practical demonstration and student participation should be integrated with classroom sessions.
Safe working practices, though not always specified in each of the competencies and learning
tasks, are an implied part of the program and should be stressed throughout the apprenticeship.
This document contains two Occupational Analysis Charts:
a) A Master Chart for levels C, B and A illustrating all of the competencies required for the
entire Welder training program.
b) The Occupational Analysis Chart for level C outlines all of the competencies required for
apprenticeship technical training to complete the practical and written tests for a Welder
Level C Certificate of Qualification.
c) The times indicated on the Occupational Analysis Chart for Welder level C for each
general area of competency are the suggested maximum times allowed for trainees to
become proficient.
Additional Information for Training Providers:
This Welder Level C Apprenticeship Program is competency based with many options available
for the delivery of technical training, for example; this program may be offered in as a:

Full-time day school program (including block release and continuous entry)
Continuous entry competency based model
Part-time studies (night-school and/or weekend)
Several modules may be combined for short courses
Some theory may be offered as interactive synchronistic on-line delivery
Time lines expressed on the Occupational Analysis Chart are considered as the
maximum time allowed and based on consecutive delivery of modules

This Program Outline also includes:

A list of recommended curriculum and reference textbooks


Requirements for Instructor Qualifications, Facilities (classroom and shop sizes), as well
as the necessary Tools and Equipment
Shop projects and weld destructive tests

PLEASE NOTE:
All provincial welder training program curriculums is currently under review and
subject to amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authorityi

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The Program Outline was prepared with the advice and direction from an industry Steering
Committee convened by the Mechanical Contractors Association (MCA) with funding support
from the Industry Training Authority.
Industry Steering Committee
Dana Taylor Chair- Mechanical Contractors Association of B.C.
Stan Boehm President, S.S. Stainless Inc.
Sheldon Frank Welding Articulation Chair, University College of the Fraser Valley
Mike Longo Ideal Welders
Brad MQuhae President, Accent Stainless Steel Mfg. Ltd.
Brad Smith Catalyst Paper
Brian Pichette Welding Supervisor, Empire Dynamic Structures Ltd.
Paul Sourisseau Interior Forest Labour Relations Association, Co-Chair HITAC
Ron Van Eyk President, Van Eyk Manufacturing Corp.
John Van Muyen President, I & J Metal Fabrications Ltd.
John Little Welding Industry Consultant
Les Wiebe Welding Instructor, Thompson Rivers University
The Industry Training Authority would like to acknowledge the dedication and hard work of the
industry representatives appointed to identify the training requirements of the Welding trade.
Industry Subject Matter Experts
John Little Welding Industry Consultant
Mervyn Kube Piping Industry Apprenticeship Board
Jim Carson University College of the Fraser Valley
Rod Walters British Columbia Institute of Technology
Sheldon FrankUniversity College of the Fraser Valley
Les Wiebe Thompson Rivers University
Stanley McArthur Catalyst Paper
Stan Boehm President, S.S. Stainless Inc.
Gerry Dillman Weyerhauser
Barry Westgate Spectra Energy
Facilitators
Dick Vanier Training Consultant- Vanier Training Consultants Ltd.
Rick Vanier Facilitator - Vanier Training Consultants Ltd.
Jody Jankola Technical Writer - Vanier Training Consultants Ltd.
Kathleen ONiel Technical Writer - Vanier Training Consultants Ltd.
Michelle Probert Technical Writer - Vanier Training Consultants Ltd.
Industry Training Authority
Lindsay Langill - Director of Red Seal Programs

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authorityii

JOB DESCRIPTION WELDER LEVEL C


A Welder Level C is a person who has training in and is capable of welding carbon steels,
stainless steels and aluminum components using the SMAW, GMAW, FCAW and SAW
processes, in the fabrication, construction, erection and repair of components or structures, in
plate and structural applications.
In general, Welders use manual, semi-automatic and automatic cutting and welding equipment
to cut and join metal components. Heat is applied to the metal to be joined, melting and fusing
them to form a permanent weldment. They use flame-cutting, brazing and soldering equipment
as well as metal shaping and cutting machines such as brake presses, shears and other metal
forming equipment.
Welders may specialize in certain types of welding such as custom fabrication, ship building and
repair, structural construction welding or machinery and equipment repair welding.
Level C Welders use drawings and welding symbols to determine welding processes,
fabrication details and machining operations. They check specifications using precision
measuring instruments. They perform basic rigging operations using cranes or hoists to move
and place materials and components. Welders troubleshoot and maintain their tools and
equipment. They may also be required to build tools, jigs and fixtures. They generally plan work
from drawings or by analyzing damaged metal components, using their knowledge of welding
and metals.
Manual dexterity is important for workers entering this trade. Good physical health and agility
are necessary. Analytical ability and an understanding of computerized machinery are
important. These workers must be able to read and follow instructions, and to follow procedure
specifications precisely. They should expect to perform routine tasks, and be able to work well
with others. Good communication skills are also important.
Most people in this occupation work 40 hours per week. Some mills and processing plants
operate on shifts during days, nights and weekends. Construction work may involve working
long hours in isolated locations, and living in construction camps.
A high level of motivation is essential to be successful and prosperous in this trade. Additional
technical training and work experience will be required to achieve Level B, Level A and interprovincial Red-Seal certification. Further training is available allow them to:

excel in the welding of specialty alloys


become certified to work on pressure vessels and pipeline construction welding.

Welder Level C Certificate of Qualification (ITA)- Apprentice applicants must complete specified
Technical Training (including the practical and written examinations) and have documented
1000 work based training hours.
Challengers for a Welder Level C Certificate of Qualification (ITA) must provide original
documentation to prove 2400 hours of welding work experience and successfully complete a
written examination to be followed by a practical examination.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authorityiii

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Foreword
Acknowledgements
Job Description Welder Level C

ii
iii
iiii

Section 1 Occupational Analysis

Occupational Analysis Chart Welders C, B, A


Occupational Analysis Chart Welders C

2
7

Section 2 Program Outline

11

Schedule of Time Allotment

12

Program Outline

16

Section 3 Training Provider Standards

142

Recommended Reference Textbooks

143

Training Provider Standards for Instructors

144

Training Provider Standards for Facilities

145

Tools and Equipment (as Recommended in the NOA)

147

Guidelines for Practical Examinations

150

Appendix One Final Practical Examination #1


Appendix Two Final Practical Examination #2
Appendix Three Final Practical Examination #3
Appendix Four Final Weld Test Project #1
Appendix Five Final Weld Test Project #2
Appendix Six Final Weld Test Project #3
Appendix Seven Achievement Criteria for Weld Test Projects

151
157
163
169
171
173
175

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authorityiv

SECTION 1
OCCUPATION ANALYSIS CHART
In alignment with the Welder 2004 National Occupational Analysis

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority1

WELDER LEVEL C, B, A
Occupation Analysis Chart
APPLIES
OCCUPATIONAL
SKILLS

Describe scope of trade


and apprenticeship in BC,
and other options.
A

Describe safe working


practices.

A-1
C

A-2
C

Use measuring and layout


tools.

PERFORMS OXY-FUEL
CUTTING PROCESSES
(OFC)

Describe the OFC


process and its
application.

B-1

Describe fusion welding,


braze welding and
brazing processes and
their applications.

C-1
C
Fusion weld square
groove welds on low
carbon steel sheet.
C-7
C

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

B-4

Describe joint design and


weld positions.

Fusion weld stringer


beads and fillet welds on
low carbon steel sheet.

C-5
C

C-6
C

Silver alloy braze on


similar and dissimilar
metals.

C-9
C

Describe fusion welding


on low carbon steel sheet.

C-4
C

Braze weld groove welds


on grey cast iron.

C-8
C

Perform cuts with cutting


machines, automatic and
semi-automatic.

C-3
C

Braze weld fillet welds on


low carbon steel sheet.

A-10

Describe filler metals,


fluxes and tips used for
fusion and braze welding
and brazing.

C-2
C

Discuss basic welding


quality control and
inspection requirements.

B-3
C

Describe fusion and braze


welding equipment and
their operation.

Perform basic trade


related mathematical
calculations for linear
measure.
A-6
C

Perform freehand and


guided cuts on low carbon
steel plate, sheet, round
stock, structural shapes
and pipe.

B-2
C

A-5
C

A-9
C

Describe OFC equipment


and its operation.

C
PERFORMS FUSION
AND BRAZE WELDING
USING OXY-FUEL
PROCESSES (OFW)

A-8

Describe requirements for


H2S training.

A-4
C

Use power tools (electric


and pneumatic).

Describe training
requirements for confined
space entry.

A-3
C

Use hand tools.

A-7
C

Describe WHMIS training


requirements.

C-10
C

PERFORMS SHIELDED
METAL ARC WELDING
(SMAW)

Describe the SMAW


process and its
application.

Describe SMAW
equipment and its
operation.

D-1
C

D-2
C

Use the SMAW process


to weld fillet welds on low
carbon steel plate.

Use the SMAW process


to weld fillet welds on low
carbon steel sheet.

Use the SMAW process


to weld groove welds on
low carbon steel pipe.

D-13
A

E-1
C

PERFORMS SEMIAUTOMATIC WELDING


(GMAW) (GMAW-P)
(FCAW) (GMAW/MC*)

Describe the GMAW,


GMAW-P, FCAW and
GMAW/MC* processes
and their application.

Describe GMAW, GMAWP, FCAW and


GMAW/MC* equipment
and their operation.

Use the GMAW process


to weld groove welds on
low carbon steel plate.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

D-12

Describe and
demonstrate PAC
equipment and its cutting
and gouging operations.

E-3

Describe and select filler


metal and shielding gases
for GMAW.

Use the GMAW process


to weld stringer beads
and fillet welds on low
carbon steel plate.

F-3
B

F-6
C

Use the GMAW-P


process to weld groove
welds on low carbon steel
plate.

F-10
C

Use the GMAW process


to weld square groove
welds on low carbon
steel sheet.

F-5
C

Use the GMAW-P


process to weld square
groove welds on low
carbon steel sheet.

F-9
C

Use the GMAW process


to weld fillet welds on low
carbon steel sheet.

F-4
C

Use the GMAW-P


process to weld fillet
welds on low carbon steel
sheet.

F-8
C

D-11
C

D-15

Use the GMAW-P


process to weld fillet
welds on low carbon steel
plate.

F-7
C

Describe and
demonstrate use of
SMAW stainless steel
electrodes on low carbon
steel pipe.

F-2
C

Describe and
demonstrate use of
SMAW stainless steel
electrodes on low carbon
steel plate.

F-1
C

D-6
C

D-10
C

E-2
C

D-5
C

Use the SMAW process


to weld groove welds in
the flat 1G position on
grey cast iron.

Use the SMAW process


to weld beads in the flat
position.

Use the SMAW process


to weld groove welds on
low carbon steel plate.

Describe and
demonstrate AAC
equipment and its cutting
and gouging operations.

D-4

D-9

D-14

B
Describe electric arc
cutting and gouging
processes and their
applications.

Describe and
demonstrate surface build
up and hardface in the flat
position on low carbon
steel plate.

Use the SMAW process


to weld groove welds
using low-alloy electrodes
on steel plate and pipe.

Describe causes of weld


faults and distortion in
fabrications and methods
for prevention and control.

D-8
C

Describe basic joint


design and weld
positions.

D-3
C

D-7
C

PERFORMS ELECTRIC
ARC CUTTING,
GOUGING AND
RELATED PROCESSES
(AAC) (PAC) (SMAC)

Describe and select low


carbon steel electrodes
for SMAW.

Use the GMAW-P


process to weld groove
welds on low carbon
steel pipe.

F-11
C

F-12
B
3

Describe and
demonstrate GMAW-P
weld fillet welds using
stainless steel filler metal
on low carbon steel plate
and sheet.

Describe and
demonstrate GMAW-P
groove welds using
stainless steel filler metal
on low carbon steel plate.

F-13
C

F-14

Use the GMAW-P


process to weld fillet
welds on aluminum plate.

Use the GMAW-P


process to weld groove
welds on aluminium plate.

Trouble shooting and


maintenance of GMAW
and GMAW-P equipment.

F-19

F-20
B

Use the GMAW/MC*


process to weld fillet
welds on low carbon steel
plate.

F-25
B

Describe production
processes for
manufacturing metals.

DESCRIBE BASIC
METALLURGY
RELATING TO
PRODUCTION,
PROPERTIES AND
WELDABILITY
G

Describe mechanical and


physical properties of
metals.

Describe metals.

Describe GTAW
equipment.

H-1
B

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

G-4

H-3
B

A
Describe aluminium,
aluminium alloys and
describe their weldability.

G-5
C

G-6
B

Use the GTAW process to


fillet weld using aluminium
filler metal on aluminum
plate.

H-4
B

F-29
B

Describe the alloy content


and heat treatments on
the weldability of steel.

Use the GTAW process to


fillet weld using stainless
filler metal on low carbon
steel sheet.

F-24
C

Describe and
demonstrate FCAW fillet
welds using stainless
steel filler metal on low
carbon steel plate.

Use the FCAW gasshielded process to weld


fillet welds on low carbon
steel plate.

F-23
B

F-27

Use the GTAW process to


fillet weld using low
carbon steel filler metal on
low carbon steel plate.
H-2

Use the GMAW/MC*


process to weld groove
welds on low carbon steel
pipe.

Describe the grain


structure of metals.

Use the FCAW selfshielding process to weld


fillet welds on low carbon
steel plate.

G-3
C

F-22
B

G-2
C

Describe the GTAW


process and its
application.

F-18

F-28
C

G-1
C

PERFORMS GAS
TUNGSTEN ARC
WELDING (GTAW)

F-26
C

Use the GMAW process


to weld groove welds on
aluminum plate.

F-17

Describe and select filler


metals and shielding
gases for FCAW and
GMAW/MC*.

Use the GMAW/MC*


process to weld groove
welds on low carbon steel
plate.

Use the GMAW process


to weld fillet welds on
aluminum plate.

F-16
C

F-21

Use the FCAW process to


weld groove welds on low
carbon steel plate.

Describe and
demonstrate procedures
specific to GMAW and
GMAW-P on aluminum
plate.

F-15

Describe and
demonstrate GMAW-P
groove welds using
stainless steel filler metal
on low carbon steel pipe.

Use the GTAW process


to fillet weld using
aluminium filler metal on
aluminum sheet.

H-5
B

H-6
B

Use the GTAW process to


groove weld using low
carbon steel filler metal
on low carbon steel plate.

Use the GTAW process to


groove weld using
stainless steel filler metal
on low carbon steel sheet.

H-7

H-8

B
DESCRIBES AND
PERFORMS MATERIAL
HANDLING AND
RIGGING
PROCEDURES

Describe safety
procedures for rigging
and material handling.

I-1

Perform mathematical
calculations involving
formulas, angles,
triangles and geometric
construction.
J

J-1
C
Read and interpret piping
drawings.

Perform basic pipe layout.

J-7

J-8

K-1

DESCRIBES QUALITY
CONTROL AND
INSPECTION

Describe and perform


inspections.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

K-3

Comply with weld


procedure specifications
(WSP) and data sheets.
L-2

Estimate job material and


labour costs for projects.

J-11
A
Prepare materials.

Fabricate weldment
(shop projects).

K-5
C

K-6
C

Describe the scope of the


welding supervisor and
inspector responsibilities.

L-3
B

J-6
C

K-4
C

Read structural drawings.

J-5

J-10

Layout materials.

Verify materials and


testing methods.

Identify common welding


symbols and bolted
connections.

Prepare work area.

L-1
B

Interpret detail drawings


on transition pieces.

I-6
C

J-9

K-2
C

I-5

J-4

Source required
information.

Sketch a dimensioned
drawing.

Interpret detail drawings


of a rolling offset.

Interpret and apply


mechanical drawings.

Use hoisting equipment


to perform lift.

J-3
C

Describe hoisting
equipment.

I-4
C

J-2

B
LAYOUT AND
FABRICATE
COMPONENTS

I-3

Sketch isometric drawings


of basic objects.

Describe slings and


rigging hardware uses.

Sketch basic objects


using orthographic
projection.

H-11

Use fibre ropes to tie


knots.

I-2
C

Describe the GTAW


requirements and
procedures for sanitary
application.

H-10

Perform safe working load


calculations involving
geometric formulas,
volumes and capacities.

Use the GTAW process to


groove weld using
stainless steel filler metal
on steel pipe.

H-9

READS WELDING
DRAWINGS

Use the GTAW process to


groove weld using low
carbon steel filler metal on
low carbon steel pipe.

L-4
A

DESCRIBES SCOPE OF
WELDING STANDARDS.
CODES,
SPECIFICATIONS AND
WELDER
QUALIFICATIONS

Identify applicable
standards, codes and
specifications.

Describe CWB jurisdiction


and welder qualifications.

M-1
B

M-2

Describe ABS standards


and welder qualifications.

M-7

Describe consumables
and fluxes.

Describe plastic welding.

Set up SAW equipment.

N-3

M-6
B

Describe thermal spray


process.

O-8
A

Describe thermit welding.

Describe electro-gas
welding.

Describe electro-slag
welding.

O-4
A

O-5
A

Describe electron beam


welding.
O-9

N-5
C

O-3

Describe flash butt


welding.

Use SAW process to weld


fillet welds on low carbon
steel plate.

N-4
C

Describe plasma welding.

O-7

Describe stud arc welding


process.

Describe operating
parameters

O-2
A

M-9

O-1

Describe laser welding.

M-5

Describe API standards


and welder qualifications.

N-2

Describe ASME
standards and welder
qualifications.

Describe orbital welding.

Describe CWB standards.

M-4

M-8

N-1
C

DESCRIBES
SPECIALIZED WELDING
AND OTHER WELDING
PROCESSES (AWS)

Describe SAW process


and equipment.

Describe BCSA
jurisdiction.

M-3

Describe CSA Z-662


standards and welder
qualifications.

B
PERFORMS
SUBMERGED ARC
WELDING PROCESS
(SAW)

Describe and perform


inspections.

Describe friction welding.

O-10
A

O-6
A
Describe friction stir
welding.

O-11
A

O-12
A

Describe resistance
welding process.

O-13
A

O-14
A

*Note: GMAW/MC is metal cored filler metals under the AWS: A5.18 specification. It is a FCAW/MC under CSA and/or CWB.
Source: American Welding Society and Canadian Standards Association (03/2007)
Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

WELDER LEVEL C
Occupation Analysis Chart
APPLIES
OCCUPATIONAL
SKILLS

Describe scope of trade


and apprenticeship in BC,
and other options.

Describe safe working


practices.

A-1
C

A-2
C

Use measuring and layout


tools.

Describe the OFC


process and its
application.

B-1

Describe fusion welding,


braze welding and
brazing processes and
their applications.

C-1
C
Fusion weld square
groove welds on low
carbon steel sheet.
C-7
C

Describe filler metals,


fluxes and tips used for
fusion and braze welding
and brazing.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Describe joint design and


weld positions.

C-3

Fusion weld stringer


beads and fillet welds on
low carbon steel sheet.

C-5
C

C-6
C

Silver alloy braze on


similar and dissimilar
metals.

C-9
C

Describe fusion welding


on low carbon steel sheet.

C-4
C

Braze weld groove welds


on grey cast iron.

C-8
C

B-4
C

Braze weld fillet welds on


low carbon steel sheet.

Perform cuts with cutting


machines, automatic and
semi-automatic.

B-3

C-2
C

Discuss basic welding


quality control and
inspection requirements.
A-10

Describe fusion and braze


welding equipment and
their operation.

A-6
C

Perform freehand and


guided cuts on low carbon
steel plate, sheet, round
stock, structural shapes
and pipe.

B-2
C

Perform basic trade


related mathematical
calculations for linear
measure.

A-5
C

A-9
C

Describe OFC equipment


and its operation.

C
PERFORMS FUSION
AND BRAZE WELDING
USING OXY-FUEL
PROCESSES (OFW)

A-8

Describe requirements for


H2S training.

A-4
C

Use power tools (electric


and pneumatic).

Describe training
requirements for confined
space entry.

A-3
C

Use hand tools.

A-7
C
PERFORMS OXY-FUEL
CUTTING PROCESSES
(OFC)

Describe WHMIS training


requirements.

C-10
C

PERFORMS SHIELDED
METAL ARC WELDING
(SMAW)

Describe the SMAW


process and its
application.

Describe SMAW
equipment and its
operation.

D-1
C

D-2
C

Use the SMAW process


to weld fillet welds on low
carbon steel plate.

Describe electric arc


cutting and gouging
processes and their
applications.

E-1
C

PERFORMS SEMIAUTOMATIC WELDING


(GMAW) (GMAW-P)
(FCAW) (GMAW/MC*)

Describe the GMAW,


GMAW-P, FCAW and
GMAW/MC* processes
and their application.

Describe and select filler


metal and shielding gases
for GMAW.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

D-15
C

F-6
C

Use the GMAW-P


process to weld groove
welds on low carbon steel
plate.

F-10
C

Use the GMAW process


to weld square groove
welds on low carbon
steel sheet.

F-5
C

Use the GMAW-P


process to weld square
groove welds on low
carbon steel sheet.

F-9
C

Use the GMAW process


to weld fillet welds on low
carbon steel sheet.

F-4
C

Use the GMAW-P


process to weld fillet
welds on low carbon steel
sheet.

F-8
C

D-11
C

Use the GMAW process


to weld stringer beads
and fillet welds on low
carbon steel plate.

F-3
C

Use the GMAW-P


process to weld fillet
welds on low carbon steel
plate.

F-7
C

Use the SMAW process


to weld groove welds on
low carbon steel plate.

E-3

F-2
C

Use the GMAW process


to weld groove welds on
low carbon steel plate.

Describe and
demonstrate use of
SMAW stainless steel
electrodes on low carbon
steel plate.

D-10
C

D-6
C

Describe GMAW, GMAWP, FCAW and


GMAW/MC* equipment
and their operation.

F-1
C

D-5
C

Use the SMAW process


to weld groove welds in
the flat 1G position on
grey cast iron.

Use the SMAW process


to weld beads in the flat
position.

Describe and
demonstrate PAC
equipment and its cutting
and gouging operations.

E-2
C

D-4

D-9
C

Describe and
demonstrate AAC
equipment and its cutting
and gouging operations.

Describe causes of weld


faults and distortion in
fabrications and methods
for prevention and control.

Describe and
demonstrate surface build
up and hardface in the flat
position on low carbon
steel plate.

D-8
C

Describe basic joint


design and weld
positions.

D-3
C

Use the SMAW process


to weld fillet welds on low
carbon steel sheet.

D-7
C
PERFORMS ELECTRIC
ARC CUTTING,
GOUGING AND
RELATED PROCESSES
(AAC) (PAC) (SMAC)

Describe and select low


carbon steel electrodes
for SMAW.

Describe and
demonstrate GMAW-P
weld fillet welds using
stainless steel filler metal
on low carbon steel plate
and sheet.

F-11
C

F-13
C

Describe and
demonstrate procedures
specific to GMAW and
GMAW-P on aluminum
plate.
F-16
C
Use the GMAW/MC*
process to weld groove
welds on low carbon steel
plate.

Describe and select filler


metals and shielding
gases for FCAW and
GMAW/MC*.

120
C

F-22

G-1

I-1

F-26
C

Use fibre ropes to tie


knots.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Describe slings and


rigging hardware uses.

I-3

I-5

I-6

Identify common welding


symbols and bolted
connections.

Read structural drawings.

J-4
C

Use hoisting equipment


to perform lift.

Sketch a dimensioned
drawing.

J-3
C

Describe hoisting
equipment.

I-4
C

Sketch isometric drawings


of basic objects.

J-2
C

G-5
C

Sketch basic objects


using orthographic
projection.

J-1
C

G-3

I-2
C

Perform mathematical
calculations involving
formulas, angles,
triangles and geometric
construction.

READS WELDING
DRAWINGS

F-25
C

Describe the alloy content


and heat treatments on
the weldability of steel.

Perform safe working load


calculations involving
geometric formulas,
volumes and capacities.

Describe metals.

G-2
C

Describe safety
procedures for rigging
and material handling.

F-24
C

Use the GMAW/MC*


process to weld fillet
welds on low carbon
steel plate.

F-29

Describe mechanical and


physical properties of
metals.

C
DESCRIBES AND
PERFORMS MATERIAL
HANDLING AND
RIGGING
PROCEDURES

F-23
C

Use the FCAW process to


welds groove welds on
low carbon steel plate.

Describe production
processes for
manufacturing metals.

DESCRIBE BASIC
METALLURGY
RELATING TO
PRODUCTION,
PROPERTIES AND
WELDABILITY

Use the FCAW gasshielded process to weld


fillet welds on low carbon
steel plate.

Describe and
demonstrate FCAW fillet
welds using stainless
steel metal wire on low
carbon steel plate.

F-27
C

Use the FCAW selfshielding process to weld


fillet welds on low carbon
steel plate.

J-5
C

J-6
C

LAYOUT AND
FABRICATE
COMPONENTS

Source required
information.

Prepare work area.

K-2
C

PERFORMS
SUBMERGED ARC
WELDING PROCESS
(SAW)

Describe SAW process


and equipment.

120
C

K-3

K-4

K-5

K-6
C

Set up SAW equipment.

N-3
C

Fabricate weldments
(shop projects).

Describe operating
parameters

N-2
C

Prepare materials.

Describe consumables
and fluxes.

N-1
C

Layout materials.

Use SAW process to


weld fillet welds on low
carbon steel plate.

N-4
C

N-5
C

*Note: GMAW/MC is metal cored filler metals under the AWS: A5.18 specification. It is a FCAW/MC
under CSA and/or CWB.
Source: American Welding Society and Canadian Standards Association (03/2007)

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

10

SECTION 2
PROGRAM OUTLINE
In alignment with the Welder 2004 National Occupational Analysis

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

11

SUGGESTED SCHEDULE OF TIME ALLOTMENT FOR LEVEL C


Theory

Line A

Page

A-2

Applies Occupational Skills


% of Time
Describe Scope of Trade and Apprenticeship in BC, and
Other Options
Describe Safe Working Practices

A-3

Describe WHMIS Training Requirements

21

A-4

Describe Training Requirements for Confined Space Entry

23

A-5

24

A-7

Describe Requirements for H2S Training


Perform Basic Trade Related Mathematical Calculations for
Linear Measure
Use Measuring and Layout Tools

A-8
A-9

A-1

A-6

A-10

Line B

17

19

25

27

Use Hand Tools

29

Use Power Tools (Electric and Pneumatic)


Discuss Basic Welding Quality Control and Inspection
Requirements

31

Performs Oxy-Fuel Cutting Processes (OFC) % of Time

B-2

Describe OFC Equipment and Its Operation


Perform Freehand and Guided Cuts on Low Carbon Steel
Plate, Sheet, Round Stock, Structural Shapes and Pipe
Perform Cuts with Cutting Machines, Automatic and SemiAutomatic

Line C

Describe the OFC Process and Its Application

B-4

50%

B-1

B-3

50%

Practical

Performs Fusion and Braze Welding Using Oxy-Fuel


Process (OFW)
% of Time
Describe Fusion Welding, Braze Welding and Brazing
Processes and Their Applications
Describe Fusion and Braze Welding Equipment and Their
Operation
Describe Filler Metals, Fluxes and Tips Used for Fusion and
Braze Welding and Brazing
Describe Joint Design and Weld Positions

20%
9

33

80%
34

36

39

41

20%

80%

42

43

45

47

48

C-8

Describe Fusion Welding on Low Carbon Steel Sheet


Fusion Weld Stringer Beads and Fillet Welds on Low
Carbon Steel Sheet
Fusion Weld Square Groove Welds on Low Carbon Steel
Sheet
Braze Weld Fillet Welds on Low Carbon Steel Sheet

C-9
C-10

C-1
C-2
C-3
C-4
C-5
C-6
C-7

49

50

51

Braze Weld Groove Welds on Grey Cast Iron

52

Silver Alloy Braze on Similar and Dissimilar Metals

53

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

12

Theory

Line D

Performs Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)


% of Time

20%

Practical

Page

80%

D-1

Describe the SMAW Process and Its Application

54

D-2

Describe SMAW Equipment and Its Operation


Describe and Select Low Carbon Steel Electrodes for
SMAW
Describe Basic Joint Design and Weld Positions
Describe Causes of Weld Faults and Distortions in
Fabrications and Methods for Prevention and Control
Use the SMAW Process to Weld Beads in the Flat Position
Use the SMAW Process to Weld Fillet Welds on Low
Carbon Steel Plate
Use the SMAW Process to Weld Fillet Welds on Low
Carbon Steel Sheet
Describe and Demonstrate Surface Build Up and Hardface
in the Flat Position on Low Carbon Steel Plate
Use the SMAW process to Weld Groove Welds in the Flat
G1 Position on Grey Cast Iron
Describe and Demonstrate Use of SMAW Stainless Steel
Electrodes on Low Carbon Steel Plate
Use the SMAW Process to Weld Groove Welds on Low
Carbon Steel Plate

56

58

60

61

D-3
D-4
D-5
D-6
D-7
D-8
D-9
D-10
D-11
D-15

Line E
E-1
E-2
E-3

Line F
F-1
F-2
F-3
F-4
F-5
F-6
F-7

Performs Electric Arc Cutting, Gouging and Related


Processes (AAC) (PAC) (SMAC)
% of Time
Describe Electric Arc Cutting and Gouging Processes and
Their Applications
Describe and Demonstrate AAC Equipment Its Cutting and
Gouging Operations
Describe and Demonstrate PAC Equipment and Its Cutting
and Gouging Operations

Perform Semi-Automatic Welding (GMAW) (GMAW-P)


(FCAW) (GMAW/MC*)
% of Time
Describe the GMAW, GMAW-P, FCAW and GMAW/MC*
Processes and Their Application
Describe GMAW, GMAW-P, FCAW and GMAW/MC*
Equipment and Their Operation
Describe and Select Filler Metal and Shielding Gases for
GMAW
Use the GMAW Process to Weld Stringer Beads and Fillet
Welds on Low Carbon Steel Plate
Use the GMAW Process to Weld Fillet Welds on Low
Carbon Steel Sheet
Use the GMAW Process to Weld Square Groove Welds on
Low Carbon Steel Sheet
Use the GMAW Process to Weld Groove Welds on Low
Carbon Steel Plate

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

62

63

65

66

68

69

70

20%

80%

72

74

76

25%

75%

78

80

83

85

87

88

89
13

Theory

F-8
F-9
F-10
F-11
F-13
F-16
F-22
F-23
F-24
F-25
F-26
F-27
F-29

Line G

Use the GMAW-P Process to Weld Fillet Welds on Low


Carbon Steel Plate
Use the GMAW-P Process to Fillet Weld on Low Carbon
Steel Sheet
Use the GMAW-P Process to Weld Square Groove Welds
on Low Carbon Steel Sheet
Use the GMAW-P Process to Weld Groove Welds on Low
Carbon Steel Plate
Describe and Demonstrate GMAW-P Weld Fillet Welds
Using Stainless Steel Filler Metal on Low Carbon Steel
Plate and Sheet
Describe and Demonstrate Procedures Specific to GMAW
and GMAW-P on Aluminum Plate
Describe and Select Filler Metals and Shielding Gases for
FCAW and GMAW/MC*
Use the FCAW Self-Shielding Process Weld to Fillet Welds
on Low Carbon Steel Plate
Use the FCAW Gas-Shielded Process to Weld to Fillet
Welds on Low Carbon Steel Plate
Use the FCAW Process to Weld Groove Welds on Low
Carbon Steel Plate
Use the GMAW/MC* Process to Weld Fillet Weld on Low
Carbon Steel Plate
Use the GMAW/MC* Process Weld to Groove Welds on
Low Carbon Steel Plate
Describe and Demonstrate FCAW Fillet Welds Using
Stainless Steel Metal Wire on Low Carbon Steel Plate

Describe Basic Metallurgy Relating to Production,


Properties and Weldability
% of Time

Practical

Page

90

92

93

94

95

97

99

101

103

105

106

108

109

90%

10%

G-1

Describe Production Processes for Manufacturing Metals

G-2

Describe Mechanical and Physical Properties of Metals

112

G-3

Describe Metals
Describe the Alloy Content and Heat Treatments on the
Weldability of Steel

114

G-5

110

115

I-3

Describes and Performs Material Handling and Rigging


Procedures
% of Time
Describe Safety Procedures for Rigging and Material
Handling
Perform Safe Working Load Calculations Involving
Geometric Formulas, Volumes and Capacities
Use Fibre Ropes to Tie Knots

I-4

Describe Slings and Rigging Hardware Uses

120

I-5

Describe Hoisting Equipment

122

I-6

Use Hoisting Equipment to Perform a Lift

Line I
I-1
I-2

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

65%

35%

116

117

118

123

14

Theory

Line J

Practical

Page

50%

50%

124

125

J-2

Reads Welding Drawings


% of Time
Perform Mathematical Calculations Involving Formulas,
Angles, Triangles and Geometric Construction
Sketch Basic Objects Using Orthographic Projection

J-3

Sketch Isometric Drawings of Basic Objects

126

J-4

Sketch a Dimensional Drawing

127

J-5

Identify Common Welding Symbols and Bolted Connections

128

J-6

Read Structural Drawings

130

J-1

Line K

Layout and Fabricate Components

% of Time

15%

85%

K-2

Source Required Information

132

K-3

Prepare Work Area

133

K-4

Layout Materials

134

K-5

Prepare Materials

135

K-6

Fabricate Weldments (Shop Projects)

136

90%

10%

Line N

Performs Submerged Arc Welding Process (SAW)


% of Time

N-1

Describe SAW Process and Equipment

137

N-2

Describe Consumables and Fluxes

138

N-3

Describe Operating Parameters

139

N-4

Set Up SAW Equipment


Use SAW Process to Weld Fillet Welds on Low Carbon
Steel Plate

140

141

N-5

Total Percentage for Level C 100%

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

15

PROGRAM OUTLINE
FOR
LEVEL C
In alignment with the Welder 2004 National Occupational Analysis

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

16

LINE A:

APPLIES OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS

Competency:

A-1

Describe Scope of Trade and Apprenticeship in BC, and Other


Options

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe the scope of the Welder Level C, B and A trade and the
apprenticeship in BC, and other options, using a variety of techniques for interpretation.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the three levels of


training in the BC welder.

Historical description of apprenticeship


training
Current apprenticeship
Foundation
Level C
Level B
Level A

2.

Describe the requirements and


procedure for registration at
each level.

Skills and qualities of a welder


Specific job knowledge
Equipment knowledge
Metal identification
Personal qualities

3.

Explain the general differences


between P-lines and RK lines.
Describe employment
opportunities for each level of
the training program.

The training program


Training requirements
High school, college or technical
training institute
Tacker
Welding operator
Welder
Welder fabricator/fitter
Identification of the welder
Registration seals
Training endorsements
Qualifications tests, general section
Employment record
W.P.Q.R.
College, technical institute or university:
Welding inspector level 1, 2 and 3
Welding technician
Welder technologist
Mechanical engineer
Welding engineer

4.

5.

Describe the Log Book


requirements.

6.

Explain other more advanced


training opportunities which lead
to other jobs.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

17

7.

8.

Identify industrial and


construction fields that provide
employment opportunities for
welders.

Communicate effectively.

Metal fabricating
Ship building
Pulp and paper mills
Wood products manufacture
Machinery manufacture
Equipment maintenance and repair
Smelt and refining
Motor vehicle, truck/trailer manufacture
Mining
Construction
Iron and steel mills
Special trades
Mining services
Coal mines
Gas distribution and transmission
Public administration and defence
Machinery wholesalers
Forestry and forest services
Electric utilities
Motor vehicle dealers and repairs
Communications equipment and
manufacture
Pipeline
Food and beverage industry
Resumes
Cover letter
Internet information sourcing
Listening skills
Effective verbal communication
Non effective verbal communication
Workplace culture

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P1-1, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on the scope of the Welder Level C, B and A trade and apprenticeship in BC,
and other options, the learner will be able to demonstrate knowledge of the trade by correctly
answering 7 or more questions.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

18

LINE A:

APPLIES OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS

Competency:

A-2

Describe Safe Working Practices

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe safe work practices according to WorkSafeBC standards
for Welder Level C trade in BC.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe applications of
WorkSafeBC and OHS in the
work place.

2.

Describe general safety


precautions for welding.

3.

Describe physical hazards and


select PPE for welding.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Responsibilities of WorkSafeBC in the


workplace
Responsibilities of employers in the
workplace
Responsibilities of employees in the
workplace
Contravention or regulations
Workers who are covered by the
WorkSafeBC
Workers who are not covered
Reporting injury or industrial disease
Circumstances for compensation
General procedures for shop safety
Electrical safety
Lock out procedures
Worksite safety
Safety requirements for welding
processes
Personal fall protection
Safety requirements for ladders and
scaffolds
Safety requirements for handrails and
guardrails
Radiation
Extreme temperatures
Noise
Bodily injury hazards
Chemical hazards
Protective clothing
Skin protection (leathers)
Head protection
Hand protection
Foot protection
Hearing protection
Eye protection
Safety glasses and goggles
19

4.

Identify fire hazards and describe


methods of fire prevention.

5.

Describe respiratory equipment.

Face shields
Flash goggles
Welding helmets
Welding goggles
Eye protection for electrical welding
processes
Auto darkening helmets
Welding screens and curtains
Goggles for oxyfuel welding and cutting
Fire triangle
Fire preventing and stopping fires
The four classes of fires
Types of fire extinguishers
Fire hazards
Fire prevention
Clean area of combustible debris
Fire/water hose/fire extinguisher set up
before and after work
Contain sparks by the use of fireretardant blankets
Wet area down in high hazard area
before starting hot work
Cover wall/floor openings with fire
retardant blanket
Welding work general fire safety
precautions
WorkSafeBC requirements for fire
watch
Air-line respirator
Self contained breathing apparatus
(SCBA)
Cartridge type respirator

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P1-2, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given an 80 question test on the safe working practices according to WorkSafeBC standards
for Welder Level C trade in BC, the learner will answer 56 or more questions correctly. The
learner will also be evaluated during shop activities and must achieve a grade of 70% or better
based on a summative total of Instructor assessment.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

20

LINE A:

APPLIES OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS

Competency:

A-3

Describe WHMIS Training Requirements

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe WHMIS training requirements.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Explain the purpose and


necessity of WHMIS in the
workplace.

2.

Explain the need to identify


hazardous materials in the
workplace and the 3 main
elements of WHMIS.

3.

Identify the warning labels based


on the six classes of hazardous
materials, the symbols and
classifications.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Canada-wide legislated system


Provides information on workplace
hazardous materials
How to safely use, store and handle
hazardous materials
Although nation-wide, employer WHMIS
compliance is regulated and enforced
by the WorkSafeBC provinces
inspectors
Each workplace must have a system in
place that tells workers what they need
to know about the products they work
with
WHMIS information is provided in three
ways:
Container labels
Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
Employee training
A supplier label must appear on all
controlled products received at
workplaces in Canada and contain the
following information:
Product identifier (name of product)
Supplier identifier (name of company
that sold it)
A statement that an MSDS is available
Risk phrases (words that describe the
main hazards of the product)

21

4.

Explain the general duties of


employers to provide MSDS
sheets and training.

MSDSs describe the hazards of the


materials used on the job
Developed for each product by its
manufacturer
Supplier must provide specs
Employer and Worker must be able to
provided proof of training

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P1-2, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 30 question test on WHMIS training requirements, the learner will be required to
answer a minimum of 21 questions correctly.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

22

LINE A:

APPLIES OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS

Competency:

A-4

Describe Training Requirements for Confined Space Entry

Learning Objectives:
The learner will complete the confined space program and be able to describe the hazards
associated with confined space hazards as per WorkSafeBC Part 9.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the precautions and


procedures for confined space
entry as per WorkSafeBC Part 9.

2.

Describe the most common jobs


related to Welder Cs facing
confined space entry.

General requirements
Responsibilities
Hazard assessment and work
procedures
Identification and entry permits
Lockout and isolation
Verification and testing
Cleaning, purging, venting, inserting
Ventilation
Standby persons
Rescue
Lifelines, harnesses and lifting
equipment
Personal protective equipment and
other precautions
Pressure vessels and tanks
Excavations
Ship hulls
Containers
Hoppers and chutes

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P1-2, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on hazards associated with confined spaces as per WorkSafeBC Part
9, the learner will correctly answer 14 or more questions.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

23

LINE A:

APPLIES OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS

Competency:

A-5

Describe Requirements for H2S Training

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe the requirements for H2S training.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe H2S precautions and


procedures.

Properties, characteristics and locations


of H2S
Health hazards
MSDS requirements
Work hazards
Initial response strategy
How to protect yourself (ventilation,
controls and PPE)
Respiratory protective equipment
Self Contained Breathing Apparatus
(SCBA)
Supplied Air Breathing Apparatus
(SABA)
Detecting and monitoring for H2S
Detector tube devices
Electronic monitors
Rescue techniques
Rescue breathing
Emergency response planning

NOTE: Refer to video A Matter of Life and Death (video can be purchased on the following

website: http://www.coastal.com/coastalACB/showdetl.cfm?&Product_ID=13813&DID=7)
**This video has the following inaccuracies that need to be discussed upon viewing:
1. Fire Resistance coveralls are required in all gas and oil field operating areas. This is contrary to the video
which showed workers in street clothing.
2. Some companies use a ceiling limit of 10 ppm for Hydrogen Sulphide. Any exposure of H S over 10 ppm is
2

prohibited unless an SCBA is used. This is contrary to the video which indicated that the acceptable
ceiling limit is 15 ppm.
3. Some companies allow the use of contact lenses inside a SCBA as long as the site First Aid Attendant is
aware of their use. This is contrary to the video which indicated that contact lenses were prohibited when
donning a SCBA.

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on hazards associated H2S, the learner will correctly answer 7 or
more questions.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

24

LINE A:

APPLIES OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS

Competency:

A-6

Perform Basic Trade Related Mathematical Calculations for


Linear Measure

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to perform basic Welder Level C trade related mathematical
calculations for linear measure.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Solve problems involving


fractions.

2.

Solve problems involving


decimals.

3.

Solve problems involving


percentage.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Key terms and concepts used in


working with fractions
Add and subtract fractions
Multiply and divide fractions
Calculate averages
Change fractions to common
denominator
Solve problems using whole numbers
Solve problems using whole numbers
and fractions in practical applications
Read and write decimal fractions
Round decimal fractions to specific
place values
Convert decimal inches to a fraction
with a practical denominator
Convert decimal feet to fee and inches
with a practical denominator
Convert fractions to decimals
Add and subtract decimal fractions
Multiply and divide decimal fractions
Convert between fractions and percents
Convert between decimals and
percents
Solve percent problems

25

4.

Solve problems involving metric


and imperial measure.

Identify commonly used metric units of


measurement
Convert between units of measurement
Convert imperial units: feet to inches,
square inches to square feet, and cubic
measures to gallons

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK2B, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 40 question test on basic Welder Level C trade related mathematical calculations for
linear measure, the learner will be able to demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 28
questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

26

LINE A:

APPLIES OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS

Competency:

A-7

Use Measuring and Layout Tools

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe and demonstrate the safe use and care of measuring and
layout tools as related to the Welder Level C trade.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Use layout and measuring tools


and their uses.

Systems of measuring
Metric
Imperial
Layout
Measuring tools
Pocket measuring tape
Steel rule
Torpedo level
Spirit level
Laser level
Plumb bob
Framing square
Combination squares
Square head
Centre head
Protractor head
Marking tools
Soapstone
Scriber or awl
Chalkline
Divider and trammel points
Centre punch
Prick punch
Spring loaded punch
Transfer punch
Number and letter stamps
Gauges
Fillet weld
Pipe internal alignment
Single purpose weld
Bridge cam
Automatic weld size
Visual weld acceptance criteria

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P1-3, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

27

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on the safe use and care of measuring and layout tools used in the
Welder Level C trade, the learner will correctly answer 14 or more questions. The learner will
also be evaluated on the use of measuring and layout tools as part of a practical shop projects
as per the acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line P1-5.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

28

LINE A:

APPLIES OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS

Competency:

A-8

Use Hand Tools

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to demonstrate the use and care of Welder Level C related hand tools.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Use clamping tools, their uses,


maintenance and care.

Safety
Bench vise
Machine vise
Pipe vises
Top screw bench chain vise
Tri-stand yolk vise
Clamps
Welding specific line up tools and
clamps
Pliers
Combination
Interlocking slip-joint
Needle-nose and round-nose
MIG

2.

Use cutting tools, their uses,


maintenance and care.

Safety
Hacksaws
Files
Manual sheers
Cold chisels
Bolt cutters
Wire cutters

3.

Use other common hand tools,


their uses, maintenance and
care.

Safety
Wire brushes
MIG pliers
Hammers
Ball-peen
Soft-faced
Chipping hammers
Sledge hammers
Dead blow hammers
Cross-peen
Drifts
Pinch line up bars
Pry bars
Anvils
Wrenches
Open-end

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

29

4.

Use taps and dies and their uses.

Box-end
Combination
Adjustable
Cylinder
Socket
Pipe
Hexagon key
Screwdrivers
Blade
Phillips
Robertson
Torx

Safety
Taps
Tap wrenches
Dies
Tapping internal threads
Common tapping problems
Cutting external threads

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P1-3 and P15, and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 40 question test on hand tools used in the Welder Level C trade, the learner will
correctly answer 28 or more questions. The learner will also be evaluated on the use of hand
tools as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria the current curriculum
module/line P1-5.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

30

LINE A:

APPLIES OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS

Competency:

A-9

Use Power Tools (Electric and Pneumatic)

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to demonstrate the use and care of Welder C related power tools.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Use power drilling tools.

Safety
Portable power drills
Keyless chuck drills
Hammer drills
Magnetic base
Drill presses
Hollow bits
Hole saws
Carbide tipped masonry
Rechargeable drills

2.

Use power grinding tools.

Safety
Stationary grinders
Portable grinders
Stationary belt sanders
Portable belt sanders
Abrasives and disks
Carbide burrs
Mini belt sanders

3.

Use power shearing tools.

Safety
Power squaring shears
Rotary throatless shears
Universal machines
Iron worker
Nibblers
Pipe cutters

4.

Use power sawing tools.

Abrasive cut-off saw


Power hacksaw
Metal-cutting band saws
Reciprocating saws
Sabre
Circular saws
Blades for metal-cutting saws

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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5.

Use specialty tools.

Scaler
Needle scaler

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P1-4 and P15, and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 60 question test on power tools used in the Welder Level C trade, the learner will
correctly answer 42 or more questions. The learner will also be evaluated on the use of power
tools as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria the current curriculum
module/line P1-5.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

32

LINE A:

APPLIES OCCUPATIONAL SKILLS

Competency:

A-10 Discuss Welding Quality Control and Inspection Requirements

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to discuss welding quality control and inspection requirements.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the different quality and


control inspections requirements.

2.

3.

Describe CWB jurisdiction.

Describe CWB certification


programs.

Examine components (fit-up and


preparation) prior to assembly.
Examine completed welds
Measure final product for compliance to
blueprints and drawings
Types and uses of non-destructive
testing methods
Types and uses of destructive testing
methods
Standards, specifications and codes

Accreditation covers welding


certification programs for companies
engaged in:
Fusion welding
Welding consumables
Welding inspection organizations

CSA W 47.1 Steel


CSA W 47.2 Aluminum
CSA W 55.3 Resistance Welding
CSA A 660 Steel Building
CSA W 186 Reinforcing Bar

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK-4 and
RK-5, and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on welding quality control and inspection requirements, the learner
will be able to demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

33

LINE B:

PERFORMS OXY-FUEL CUTTING PROCESSES (OFC)

Competency:

B-1

Describe the OFC Process and Its Application

Learning Objectives:
The learner will able to describe the OFC process, its applications, techniques used for cutting
difficult-to-cut ferrous alloys, the main components of an OFC station, thermal effects and
safety precautions.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the OFC process.

Principles of OFC
Components of basic OFC systems

2.

Describe the applications of


OFC.

Cutting plate, pipe and structural


shapes
Washing bolts and rivets
Gouging and scarfing
Stack cutting
Cutting machines

3.

Describe the cutting


characteristics of ferrous and
non-ferrous metals.

Ferrous alloys
Techniques for cutting ferrous alloys
Preheating
Waster plates
Non-ferrous alloys
Aluminum
Copper
Brass
Bronze
Magnesium

4.

Describe the thermal effects of


OFC.

Distortion
Surface hardening

5.

Describe safety requirements for


OFC.

PPE
Fire and explosion prevention
Refer to WorkSafeBC for fire watch
regulations
Toxic fumes/ventilation
Cadmium
Zinc
Lead
Beryllium
Other alloys
Synthetic materials

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P1-2, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 40 question test on the oxy-fuel process and application, the learner will demonstrate
knowledge by correctly answering 28 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE B:

PERFORMS OXY-FUEL CUTTING PROCESSES (OFC)

Competency:

B-2

Describe OFC Equipment and Its Operation

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe of the oxygen and fuel gases used in OFC, gas cylinders
and regulators, cutting tips and attachments, and cutting machines, used in the OFC process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the gases and their


properties, used in OFC.

Oxygen
Acetylene
Other fuel gases
Mapp gas (methylacetylenepropadiene)
Natural gas
Propane gas

2.

Describe oxygen and fuel gas


cylinders.

Oxygen cylinders
Oxygen cylinder valve
Cylinder safety device
Acetylene cylinders
Acetylene cylinder valves
Cylinder safety devices
Liquid fuel cylinders
Storage and handling of cylinders
Storage
Handling
Safety precautions for using cylinders

3.

Describe pressure regulators and


their functions.

Oxygen and acetylene regulators


Single and two-stage regulators
Single-stage regulator
Two-stage regulator
Safe use of regulators

4.

Describe oxy-fuel hoses and


fittings.

Oxy-fuel hose
Safe handling of hose
Hose fitting

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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5.

Describe cutting torches, cutting


tips and heating tips.

Injector torch
Equal pressure torch
Torch types
One-piece cutting torch
Two-piece cutting torch
Machine torch
Torch line explosions causes and
prevention
Backfire
Flashbacks
Reverse flow check valves
Cutting tips
Cutting tip size
Types of cutting tips
Tips for special purposes
Rivet-cutting tips
Gouging tips
Heating tips
Cutting tip maintenance

6.

Describe gas manifold systems.

Oxygen manifold systems


Acetylene manifold systems

7.

Describe oxy-fuel gas cutting


accessories and machines.

Manual cutting guides


Straight-line cutting guide
Circle cutting guide
templates
Cutting machines
Straight-line cutting machines
Shape-cutting machines
Electronic eye tracer
Magnetic tracer
Pipe-beveling machines

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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8.

Describe the correct procedures


to assemble, ignite and shut
down a portable oxyacetylene
outfit.

Assemble a portable oxyacetylene outfit


Secure the cylinders
Remove the caps
Crack the valves
Attach the regulators
Install RFCV
Connect the hoses
Open the valves
Purge the hoses
Connect the cutting attachment
Set working pressure
Select and install the appropriate
cutting tip
Set working pressure
Test for leaks
Light and adjust flame
Ignite the torch
Add oxygen to the flame
Shut down an oxyacetylene outfit
Disassemble the oxyacetylene outfit

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P2-2 and P23, and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 90 question test on oxy-fuel cutting equipment and its operation, the learner will
demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 63 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE B:

PERFORMS OXY-FUEL CUTTING PROCESSES (OFC)

Competency:

B-3

Perform Freehand and Guided Cuts on Low Carbon Steel


Plate, Sheet, Round Stock, Structural Shapes and Pipe

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to assemble the appropriate oxy-fuel cutting equipment, set pressures,
light and adjust the cutting torch, make freehand and guided cuts on low carbon steel plate,
make freehand cuts on round stock, structural shape and pierce holes in low carbon steel
plate.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the characteristics of an


acceptable cut.

Characteristics of an acceptable cut


Top edge square
Vertical draglines
Bottom edge sharp
Factors that affect the quality of cut
Speed of travel
Surface condition of the metal
Oxygen pressure
Tip size
Size of the preheat flames
Thickness of the material
Position of the cutting torch tip
Position in relation to the work
Starting cuts

2.

Perform freehand cuts on low


carbon steel plate and sheet.

Freehand cuts on low carbon steel plate


- refer to practical competency for
procedure
Freehand cuts on low carbon steel
sheet - refer to practical competency for
procedure
Free hand bevel cuts on low carbon
steel plate - refer to practical
competency for procedure

3.

Pierce holes in low carbon steel


plate.

Refer to practical competency for


procedure

4.

Perform freehand cuts on


structural shapes and round
stock.

Freehand cuts on angle iron, channel,


and S-beam - refer to practical
competency for procedure
Freehand cuts on round stock - refer to
practical competency for procedure

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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5.

Perform guided cuts on low


carbon steel plate and sheet.

6.

Wash nuts off bolts and gouge


weldments.

7.

Perform freehand cuts on mild


steel pipe.

Guided cuts on low carbon steel plate


and sheet - refer to practical
competency for procedure
Guided circular cuts on low carbon steel
plate - refer to practical competency for
procedure
Wash nuts off bolts - refer to practical
competency for procedure
Gouge weldments - refer to practical
competency for procedure
Straight cuts on low carbon steel pipe refer to practical competency for
procedure
Bevel cuts on low carbon steel pipe refer to practical competency for
procedure

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P2-4, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on the ability to perform freehand and guided cuts on low carbon
steel plate, sheet round stock, structural shapes and pipes as part of a practical shop project
as per the acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line P2-4.
.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

40

LINE B:

PERFORMS OXY-FUEL CUTTING PROCESSES (OFC)

Competency:

B-4

Perform Cuts with Cutting Machines, Automatic and SemiAutomatic

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to set up and operate a variety of cutting machines and produce high
quality straight and bevel cuts safely.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Performs cuts with a straight-line


cutting machine using oxy-fuel
gas.
Perform cuts with a shape-cutting
machine using oxy-fuel gas.

Refer to practical competency for


procedure

Refer to practical competency for


procedure

Perform cuts with a pipe-beveling


machine using oxy-fuel gas.

Refer to practical competency for


procedure

2.

3.

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P2-5, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on the ability to perform cuts with cutting machines, automatic
and semi-automatic as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria in current
curriculum module/line P2-5.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE C:

PERFORMS FUSION AND BRAZE WELDING USING OXY-FUEL


PROCESSES (OFW)

Competency:

C-1

Describe Fusion Welding, Braze Welding and Brazing


Processes and Their Applications

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe fusion welding, braze welding, brazing processes, their
applications and safety precautions.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the fusion welding


process and its application.

Principles of fusion welding


Filler rods
Applications of fusion welding
Maintenance or repair work
Fabrication

2.

Describe the braze welding


process and its application.

Principles of braze welding


Filler rods
Applications
Maintenance or repair work
Light gauge metals
Dissimilar metals
Grey cast iron
Non-ferrous metals

3.

Describe the brazing process


and its applications.

Principles of brazing
Filler rods
Applications

4.

Describe safety requirements.

PPE
Fire and explosion prevention
Refer to WorkSafeBC for fire watch
regulations
Toxic fumes/ventilation (refer to B-1,5)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P3-1, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on fusion welding, braze welding, brazing processes and application,
the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

42

LINE C:

PERFORMS FUSION AND BRAZE WELDING USING


OXY-FUEL PROCESSES (OFW)

Competency:

C-2

Describe Fusion and Braze Welding Equipment and Their


Operation

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe fusion and braze welding equipment and their operation.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe OFW equipment and


application.

Fundamentals of OFW process


Types of equipment
Regulators
Flashback arrestors
Hoses
Types of torch bodies
Torch attachments
Match equipment to application

2.

Describe fuel gas precautions


and procedures.

Characteristics of fuel gases


Fuel gas delivery systems
Cylinder and gases handling
procedures
Cylinder and gases storage
requirements
Hazards associated with different fuel
gases
Match fuel gas to type of equipment
Identify type of fuel gas from
information on label

3.

Describe tips and their


application.

Type of base metal


Base metal thickness
Tip functions
Required weld
Types of tips
Match tip to base metal and required
weld
Differentiate between tips

4.

Describe consumables and


requirements.

Fluxes
Filler metals

5.

Describe operating parameters.

Base metal thickness


Welding tip sizes
Gas regulators
Manufacturers recommendations

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

43

Other task specific guidelines


Reference information

6.

Describe setting up OFW


equipment.

Set-up procedures
OFW safe practices
Equipment leak test procedures
Follow safe procedures
Reference manufacturers instructions

7.

Describe operating OFW


equipment.

Required task-specific PPE


Safe operating practices
Flashback conditions
Backfire burnback conditions
Welding techniques
Metallurgy
Types of flames
Braze welding techniques
Brazing fluxes
Flame temperatures
Metal fusion techniques
Recognize flashback
Recognize backfire burnback
Prevent flashback conditions
Prevent backfire burnback conditions
Light and adjust torch
Apply appropriate welding techniques
Detect defects in weld

8.

Shut down OFW equipment.

Shutdown sequence
Check regulators
Perform complete shutdown

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P3-2, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 40 question test on fusion and braze welding equipment and its operation, the learner
will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 28 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

44

LINE C:

PERFORMS FUSION AND BRAZE WELDING USING


OXY-FUEL PROCESSES (OFW)

Competency:

C-3

Describe Filler Metals, Fluxes and Tips Used for Fusion and
Braze Welding and Brazing

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to identify filler metals, fluxes, torches and tips used for fusion and
braze welding.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

2.

Describe the filler rods for fusion


welding, brazing and braze
welding.

Describe the flux for fusion


welding, brazing and braze
welding.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Filler rods for fusion welding


Low carbon steel rods
RG 45
RG 60
RG 65
Filler rod size
Brazing and braze welding alloys
Silver (BAg)
Aluminum-silicon (BA 1Si)
Precious-metals (BAu)
Copper and copper-zinc (BCu and
RBCuZn) brass
Copper-phosphorous (BCuP)
Magnesium (BMg)
Nickel (BNi)
Cobalt (BCo)
Choosing a brazing filler rod
Braze welding filler rods

Purpose of flux
Welding flux
Brazing flux
High temperature
Special purpose or low temperature
General purpose flux
Choosing the correct brazing flux
Using flux
Removing flux

45

3.

Describe the torches and tips for


fusion welding, braze welding
and brazing.

Oxy-fuel welding torches


How welding torches work
Welding tips
Selecting the correct welding tip
Welding tip maintenance

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P3-2, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on identifying filler metals, fluxes, torches and tips used for fusion and
braze welding, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or
more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

46

LINE C:

PERFORMS FUSION AND BRAZE WELDING USING


OXY-FUEL PROCESSES (OFW)

Competency:

C-4

Describe Joint Design and Weld Positions

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to identify basic joint designs, weld positions and the abbreviations
associated with them when doing fusion and braze welding using OFW processes.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the five basic joints.

Corner joint
Lap joint
Tee joint
Butt joint
Edge joint

2.

Describe the four basic welding


positions.

Flat position
Horizontal position
Vertical position
Overhead position

3.

Identify abbreviations for weld


position and weld type.

Flat position (1)


Horizontal position (2)
Vertical position (3)
Overhead position (4)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P3-2, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on identifying basic joint designs, weld positions and the
abbreviations associated with them when doing fusion and braze welding using OFW
processes, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or
more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

47

LINE C:

PERFORMS FUSION AND BRAZE WELDING USING


OXY-FUEL PROCESSES (OFW)

Competency:

C-5

Describe Fusion Welding on Low Carbon Steel Sheet

Learning Objectives:
The learner will describe fusion weld stringer beads in the flat position on low carbon steel
sheet using OFW processes.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the main factors to


consider in gas fusion welding.

Correct tip sizes


Correct flame setting
Distance between work and flame
Types of welding technique
Torch angle
Speed and travel movement
Operator comfort and position

2.

Describe process related weld


faults and discuss their causes.

Weld defects
Lack of penetration
Lack of fusion
undercut
Reinforcement on groove welds
Correct weld profile for fillet weld

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P3-3, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on describing fusion weld stringer beads in the flat position on low
carbon steel sheet using OFW processes, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly
answering 7 questions or more

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE C:

PERFORMS FUSION AND BRAZE WELDING USING


OXY-FUEL PROCESSES (OFW)

Competency:

C-6

Fusion Weld Stringer Beads and Fillet Welds on Low Carbon


Steel Sheet

Learning Objectives:
The learner will fusion weld stringer beads and fillet welds on low carbon steel sheet using
OFW processes.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Fusion weld stinger beads in the


flat position.

2.

Fusion weld fillet welds in the flat


(1F) position on lap and corner
joint on low carbon steel sheet.

Weld stinger beads without a filler rod in


the flat position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Weld stinger beads with a filler rod in
the flat position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Fillet weld on lap joint in the 1F position
- refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)
Fillet weld on corner joint in the 1F
position - refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)

3.

Fusion weld fillet welds in the


horizontal (2F) position on lap
joint on low carbon steel sheet.

Fillet weld on lap joint in the 2F position


- refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

4.

Fusion weld fillet welds in the


vertical (3F) position on lap joints
on low carbon steel sheet.

Fillet weld on lap joint in the 3F position


- refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P3-4, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on the ability to fusion weld fillet welds on low carbon steel sheet
using OFW processes as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria in the
current curriculum module/line P3-4; evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards for cyclically
loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE C:

PERFORMS FUSION AND BRAZE WELDING USING


OXY-FUEL PROCESSES (OFW)

Competency:

C-7

Fusion Weld Square Groove Welds on Low Carbon Steel Sheet

Learning Objectives:
The learner will fusion weld groove welds on low carbon steel sheet using OFW processes.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Fusion weld groove welds in the


flat (1G) position on low carbon
steel sheet.

Refer to practical competency for Weld


Procedure Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P3-5, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on the ability to fusion weld groove welds on low carbon steel
sheet using OFW processes as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria
in the current curriculum module/line P3-5; evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards for
cyclically loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

50

LINE C:

PERFORMS FUSION AND BRAZE WELDING USING


OXY-FUEL PROCESSES (OFW)

Competency:

C-8

Braze Weld Fillet Welds on Low Carbon Steel Sheet

Learning Objectives:
The learner will braze weld fillet welds on low carbon steel sheet using OFW processes.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the procedures for


braze welding low carbon steel.

Pre-leaning and edge preparation


Flame setting
Filler rods and flux
Number of passes
Determining the quality of work

2.

Braze weld fillet welds in the flat


(1F) and horizontal (2F) positions
on lap and tee joints on low
carbon steel sheet.

Braze weld on lap joint in the 2F


position - refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)
Braze weld on tee joint in the 1F
position - refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P3-7, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on the ability to braze weld fillet welds on low carbon steel sheet
using OFW processes as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria the
current curriculum module/line P3-7; evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards for cyclically
loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

51

LINE C:

PERFORMS FUSION AND BRAZE WELDING USING


OXY-FUEL PROCESSES (OFW)

Competency:

C-9

Braze Weld Groove Welds on Grey Cast Iron

Learning Objectives:
The learner will braze weld and fusion weld groove welds on grey cast iron using OFW
processes.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the procedures for


braze welding and fusion welding
grey cast iron.

Braze weld grey cast iron


Pre-leaning
Preheating
Fusion welding grey cast iron
Special factors in welding grey cast iron
Cast iron filler rod
Welding technique

2.

Braze weld groove welds in the


flat (1G) position.

Refer to practical competency for Weld


Procedure Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P3-9, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on the ability to braze weld and fusion weld groove welds on grey
cast iron using OFW processes as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance
criteria in the current curriculum module/line P3-9; evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards
for cyclically loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE C:

PERFORMS FUSION AND BRAZE WELDING USING


OXY-FUEL PROCESSES (OFW)

Competency:

C-10 Silver Alloy Braze on Similar and Dissimilar Metals

Learning Objectives:
The learner will silver alloy braze on similar and dissimilar metals using OFW processes.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the materials,


equipment and procedures for
silver brazing.

Joint preparation and design


Flux selection
Filler alloys (rods)
Flame for brazing
Silver brazing procedure

2.

Braze with silver alloys.

Braze with silver phosphorous alloy on


copper tube - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Braze with silver alloy filler metals on
tee joints for copper to stainless steel in
the horizontal position - refer to
practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P3-10, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on the ability to silver alloy braze on similar and dissimilar metals
using OFW processes as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria in the
current curriculum module/line P3-10; evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards for cyclically
loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-1

Describe the SMAW Process and Its Application

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe the SMAW process and its applications, including safety
precautions, power sources and the procedures used with SMAW.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the SMAW process and


its applications.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Principles of SMAW
The arc welding circuit
Power source
Ground cable and clamp
Electrode cable
Welding electrode and electrode holder
Workpiece
The SMAW process
Electrodes
Power source
Applications of SMAW
Shipbuilding
Commercial transport
Boiler making
Structural work
Engineering applications
Building
Maintenance and repair of industrial
and farm equipment
Light gauge welding
Assembly of automobiles
Pipe welding
The arc welding station
Arc welding machine
Work bench
Electrode cable and terminals
Electrode holder
Electrode stub holder
Booth or screens
Work cable and terminals
Ventilation system
Ground clamp
Welding station inspection

54

2.

Describe safety requirements,


precautions and procedures for
SMAW.

PPE
Eye protection for the electrical welding
processes
Welding helmets
Radiation protection
Electric shock
Damp conditions
Treatment of electric shock victims
Fire and explosion prevention
Refer to WorkSafeBC for fire watch
regulations
Safety requirements for operating
electric welding equipment
Maintenance of equipment
Welding cables and connections
Electrode holder
Ground clamp
Electrode stub disposal
Slag
Toxic fumes/ventilation

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P4-1, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on the SMAW process and its applications, the learner will
demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

55

LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-2

Describe SMAW Equipment and Its Operation

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe SMAW equipment and its operation including the principles
of electricity, types of current, AC and DC welding machines and electrode holders, ground
clamps and welding cables.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Explain basic principles of


electricity.

Resistance
Effects of resistance
Electromagnetism
Transformers
Reactor

2.

Describe types of current and


their applications.

Alternating current
Direct current
Polarity
Arc blow
Dealing with arc blow

3.

Describe the effects of a voltampere curve on the welding arc.

Volt-ampere curve
Interpreting the volt-ampere curve
Constant current welding machines
Constant potential welding machines
Adjusting the voltage
Adjusting the amperage

4.

Describe AC and DC welding


machines.

Transformer type welding machines


AC transformers
AC transformer control
Transformer/rectifiers
Transformer/rectifier control
AC/DC transformers/rectifiers
Advantages of transformer type welding
machines
Disadvantages of transformer type
welding machines
Generator/alternator type welding
machines
Electric motor drive DC machines
Fuel engine driven AC, DC and AC/DC
welding machines
Controls
Advantages of generator/alternator type
welding machines

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

56

5.

Describe and select electrode


holders, ground clamps and
welding cables.

Disadvantages of generator/alternator
type welding machines
Multi-operator sets
Inverters
Advantages of inverter type welding
machines
Remote control devices
Ratings for welding machines
Power requirements
Duty cycle
Choosing between AC and DC
machines
General maintenance of welding
machines
Electrode holder
Jaw
Twist head
Ground clamps
Spring-loaded
C-clamp
Rotary
Magnetic
Welding cables
Size
Connections

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P4-2, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 50 question test on shielded metal arc welding equipment and its operation, the
learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 35 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

57

LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-3

Describe and Select Low Carbon Steel Electrodes for SMAW

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe and select low carbon steel electrodes for SMAW and their
applications and the basic care, handling and storage procedures for these electrodes.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the operation of


common electrodes for SMAW.

Functions of electrode coatings


Types of electrodes
F1 (fast-fill)
F2 (fast-freeze)
F3 (fill-freeze)
F4 (low hydrogen/basic electrode)
Electrode coating composition
Cellulose
Rutile
China clay, silica and mica
Potassium
Ferro-magnanese
Iron oxide (magnetite, hematite)
Iron powder
Sodium silicate
Metal transfer with SMAW electrodes
Gravity
Gas expansion
Electro-magnetic force
Electromotive force
Surface tension

2.

Describe the classifications of


low carbon steel electrodes.

Standards of coated electrode


manufacture
CSA and AWS designations
Electrode length
Electrode diameter

3.

Select common electrodes for


SMAW.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Principles of electrode selection


Properties of the base metal
Joint design and fit up
Welding position and thickness of weld
deposit
Welding current
Service conditions
Production factors
Common low carbon steel electrodes
E4310 (E6010)
58

4.

Describe correct handling and


storage of common electrodes.

E4311 (E6011)
E4312 (E6012)
E4313 (E6013)
E4914 (E7014)
E4924 (E7024)
E4918 (E7018)
E4928 (E7028)
E309

Handling of electrodes before and after


use
Storage of electrodes
Electrode ovens
Handling of electrodes in use

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P4-3, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 40 question test on identifying low carbon steel electrodes for SMAW and their
applications and the basic care, handling and storage procedures for these electrodes, the
learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 28 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

59

LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-4

Describe Basic Joint Design and Weld Positions

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to identify basic joint design and weld positions for fillet welds and
groove welds when using the SMAW process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the five basic joint


designs.

Lap
Tee
Corner
Edge
Butt
Square
Single vee and double vee
Single bevel and double bevel
Single U and double U
Single J and double J
Plate thickness transitions on butt joints

2.

Describe weld types, their sizes


and profiles.

Bead welds
Tack welds
Fillet welds
Profiles and sizes
Groove welds
Profiles and sizes
Plug and slot welds
Continuous and intermittent welding

3.

Identify the common welding


positions for plate.

Flat position
Horizontal position
Vertical position
Overhead position
Abbreviations for weld position and
weld type

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P4-4, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 40 question test on basic joint design and weld positions for fillet welds and groove
welds when using the SMAW process, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly
answering 28 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

60

LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-5

Describe Causes of Weld Faults and Distortions in


Fabrications and Methods for Prevention and Control

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe weld faults, their causes and methods to avoid them when
using the SMAW process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the process related


weld faults and their causes.

Dimensional defects
Incorrect weld size
overlap
Structural discontinuities in the weld
Under cut
Incomplete penetration
Lack of fusion
Porosity
Slag inclusion
Cracking (internal/external)
Insufficient throat/underfill

2.

Identify distortions and determine


methods of prevention and
control.

Types of distortion
Longitudinal distortion
Transverse distortion
Angular distortion
Distortion control
Use mechanical methods
Design methods
Procedural methods
Rate of heat input/joules
Distribute the heat input as uniformly as
possible
Pre-heat and post-heat when necessary

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P4-5, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 30 question test on weld faults, their causes and methods to avoid them when using
the SMAW process, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 21
questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

61

LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-6

Use the SMAW Process to Weld Beads in the Flat Position

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to identify the main factors of the SMAW process and their importance
while striking an arc using the tap and scratch methods, weld stringer beads in the flat position
and weld beads in the flat position using the weave technique.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe main factors of the


SMAW process.

Operator comfort and position


Machine setting
Arc length
Electrode angle
Speed travel
Electrode oscillation

2.

Weld beads in the flat (1S)


position.

Strike an arc using scratch and tap


method - refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)
Weld stringer beads in the flat position refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)
Weld beads in the flat position using the
weave method - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P4-6 and 7,
and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on the ability to identify the main factors of the SMAW process
and their importance while striking an arc using the tap and scratch methods, weld stringer
beads in the flat position and weld beads in the flat position using the weave technique, as part
of a practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line
P4-6; evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

62

LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-7

Use the SMAW Process to Weld Fillet Welds on Low Carbon


Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld fillet welds on low carbon steel plate in all positions using the
SMAW process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Weld fillet welds in the flat (1F)


position on lap, tee and corner
joints on low carbon steel plate.

2.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on lap, tee and
corner joints on low carbon steel
plate.

3.

Weld fillet welds in the vertical


(3F) position on lap, tee and
corner joints on low carbon steel
plate.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


1F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
1F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on corner joint in
the 1F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the
2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on corner joint in
the 2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the
3F position (uphill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
3F position (uphill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on corner joint in
the 3F position (downhill) - refer to
practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)
63

4.

Weld fillet welds in the overhead


(4F) position on lap tee and
corner joints on low carbon steel
plate.

Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


4F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
4F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on corner joint in
the 4F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

5.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on structural shape
to plate.

Multi-pass fillet weld on structural shape


to plate in the 2F position - refer to
practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

6.

Weld fillet welds pipe to plate in


the fixed vertical (5F) position.

Multi-pass fillet weld pipe to plate in the


5F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P4-7, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on the ability to weld fillet welds on low carbon steel plate in all
positions using the SMAW process, as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance
criteria in the current curriculum module/line P4-7; evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards
for cyclically loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

64

LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-8

Use the SMAW Process to Weld Fillet Welds on Low Carbon


Steel Sheet

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld fillet welds on low carbon steel sheet in horizontal and vertical
positions while using the SMAW process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on lap and tee joints
on low carbon steel sheet.

2.

Weld fillet welds in the vertical


(3F) position on laps and tee
joints on low carbon steel sheet.

Single pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Single pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Single pass fillet weld on lap joint in the
3F position (downhill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Single pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
3F position (downhill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P4-8, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on the ability to weld fillet welds on low carbon steel plate in the
horizontal and vertical positions using the SMAW process, as part of a practical shop project
as per the acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line P4-8; evaluation must meet
CSA W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

65

LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-9

Describe and Demonstrate Surface Build Up and Hardface in


the Flat Position on Low Carbon Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be knowledgeable of all aspects and uses of the hardsurfacing process and its
application. The learner will also build up low carbon steel plate in the flat position and
hardsurface low carbon steel plate in the flat position using the SMAW process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe hardsurfacing
procedures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Welding polarity
Types of wear
Abrasion
Impact
Erosion
Corrosion
Oxidation
Compression
Thermal shock
Electrodes
High-speed steels
Austenitic manganese steels
Chromium carbides
Tungsten carbides
Copper alloys
Nickel chromium alloys
Depositing filler metal
Surface preparations
Buildup
Preheating
Cooling rate
Types of patterns
Waffle pattern
Stringer beads
Dot pattern
Problems in hardsurfacing
Dilution
Spalling
Underbead cracking
Stress failure
Weld cracking
Transverse or cross cracking
Longitudinal or centre-line cracking
Distortion

66

2.

Demonstrate the build-up and


hardsurfacing of low carbon steel
plate in the flat (1S) position.

Build up low carbon steel plate in the


flat position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Hardsurface in the flat position on low
carbon steel plate - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Hardsurface buttons in flat position on
low carbon steel plate - refer to
practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P4-10, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to build up low carbon steel plate in the flat position and
hardsurface low carbon steel plate in the flat position using the SMAW process, as part of a
practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line P410.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

67

LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-10 Use the SMAW Process to Weld Groove Welds in the Flat 1G
Position on Grey Cast Iron

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be knowledgeable of the procedures for SMAW on grey cast iron and be able
to weld groove welds in the flat position on single-vee butt joints on grey cast iron.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe procedure for SMAW


on grey cast iron.

Welding techniques
Hot welding
Cold welding
Peening to control bead shrinkage
Patching with low carbon steel
Electrodes
ECI Group
ESt group
ENI group
Joint preparation
Problems welding grey cast iron
Contamination
Porosity
Cracking
Lack of fusion

2.

Weld groove welds in the flat


(1G) position on grey cast iron.

Multi-pass groove weld in the 1G


position on grey cast iron - Refer to
practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P4-11, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld groove welds in the flat position on single-vee
butt joints in grey cast iron, as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria in
the current curriculum module/line P4-11.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

68

LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-11 Describe and Demonstrate the Use of SMAW Stainless Steel


Electrodes on Low Carbon Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to SMAW using stainless steel electrodes on steel plate.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe specific safety


precautions when welding
stainless steel.

PPE
Toxic fumes/ventilation
Chromium
Nickel
Electrode coatings
Reflective radiation
Chemical cleaners

2.

Describe proper handling and


preparation procedures for
materials and consumables.

Contamination
Abrasives and hand brushes
Rigging and tooling
Work area
Work environment
Consumables

3.

Describe the principal


considerations in the SMAW
welding of stainless steel.

Set welding variables


Heat input
Weld contamination
Surface oxidation of weld area
Distortion

4.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position using stainless steel
electrodes on low carbon steel
plate.

Weld multi-pass fillet weld on lap and


tee joints in the 2F position - refer to
practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P11-1, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to SMAW using stainless steel electrodes on steel
plate, as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria in the current curriculum
module/line P11-1; evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

69

LINE D:

PERFORMS SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW)

Competency:

D-15 Use the SMAW Process to Weld Groove Welds on Low Carbon
Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be knowledgeable of guided bend test methods and the equipment used to
perform them. The learner will also be required to weld groove welds on butt joints in all
positions.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe guided bend tests.

Guided bend test equipment


Types of guided bend tests
Face bend tests
Root bend tests
Side bend tests
Causes of failure

2.

Weld groove fillets with backing


in the (1GF) flat, (2GF)
horizontal, (3GF) vertical, (4GF)
overhead on butt joints on low
carbon steel plate.

Multi-pass groove fillet weld on single


bevel butt joint (with backing) in the
1GF position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass groove fillet weld on single
bevel butt joint (with backing) in the
2GF position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass groove fillet weld on single
bevel butt joint (with backing) in the
3GF position (uphill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass groove fillet weld on single
bevel butt joint (with backing) in the
4GF position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

70

3.

Weld groove welds in the flat


(1G) position without backing on
butt joints on low carbon steel
plate.

Multi-pass groove weld on single vee


butt joint in the 1G position - refer to
practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P4-9, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to perform groove welds on butt joints in all positions,
as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance criteria in the current curriculum
module/line P4-9; evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

71

LINE E:

PERFORMS ELECTRIC ARC CUTTING, GOUGING AND RELATED


PROCESSES (AAC) (PAC) (SMAC)

Competency:

E-1

Describe Electric Arc Cutting and Gouging Processes and


Their Applications

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe the AAC and PAC cutting process, the components of a
basic system and safety precautions.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the AAC process.

Principles of AAC
Components of a basic AAC system
Quality of AAC cut surfaces
Effects of AAC on the base metal

2.

Describe the applications of


AAC.

Manual cutting
Machine cutting
Application of AAC
Weld joint preparation
Weld defects
Disassembly and repair

3.

Describe the PAC process.

PAC process
PAC cutting system
Quality of cut
Metallurgical effects
Water-table cutting

4.

Describe the applications of


PAC.

Advantages
Machine cutting
Manual cutting
Applications of PAC
Cutting hard-to-cut metals
Cutting carbon steel
Plasma gouging

5.

Describe the SMAC process.

Fundamentals
Power sources
Electrodes
Ventilation

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

72

6.

Describe safety requirements.

PPE
Fire and explosion prevention
Refer to WorkSafeBC for fire watch
regulations
Toxic fumes/ventilation
Cadmium
Zinc
Lead
Beryllium
Other alloys
Synthetic materials

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P5-1, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on the AAC and PAC cutting process, the components of a basic
system, and its safe use, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14
questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

73

LINE E:

PERFORMS ELECTRIC ARC CUTTING, GOUGING AND RELATED


PROCESSES (AAC) (PAC) (SMAC)

Competency:

E-2

Describe AAC Equipment and Demonstrate Its Cutting and


Gouging Operations

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe and demonstrate the power source and air supply for AAC,
the AAC electrode holder, AAC electrodes and their uses, correct operating procedures, and
correct technique for cutting, gouging and joint preparation.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe AAC cutting equipment.

2.

Describe and select electrodes


for AAC cutting.

3.

Describe the main factors of


AAC.

4.

Describe procedures for gouging


cast iron.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

AAC power sources


Power rating
DC power sources for AAC
Connecting two DC power sources in
parallel
Power cables for AAC
Electrode holder
AAC air supply
Types of AAC electrodes
DC copper-coated electrodes
DC uncoated electrodes
AC copper-coated electrodes
Electrode shapes
Electrode size
Polarity
Torch angle
Travel speed
Correct positioning of electrode
Electrode stickout
Operator comfort
Operating sequence for
AAC
Gouging in other positions
Vertical
Horizontal
Overhead
Other techniques for using AAC
Cutting
Beveling
Washing
Polarity
Pre and post heat
74

5.

Prepare joints on low carbon


steel.

6.

Remove weld faults on low


carbon steel welds.

Gouge low carbon steel in all positions


- refer to practical competency
Bevel low carbon steel plate in the flat
position - refer to practical competency
Remove back-up strip/backing material
with AAC - refer to practical
competency
Remove discontinuities and faults on
groove and fillet welds - Refer to
practical competency

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P5-2 and P53, and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on air carbon arc cutting equipment and its cutting and gouging
operations, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 7 questions or
more. Learner will also be evaluated on the use of on air carbon arc cutting equipment and its
cutting and gouging and its operation as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance
criteria in the current curriculum module/line P5-3.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

75

LINE E:

PERFORMS ELECTRIC ARC CUTTING, GOUGING AND RELATED


PROCESSES (AAC) (PAC) (SMAC)

Competency:

E-3

Describe and Demonstrate PAC Equipment and Its Cutting and


Gouging Operations

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe and demonstrate PAC process, the components of a PAC
system, PAC equipment including PAC torches, the gases used and their function.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe the plasma arc cutting


process.

Plasma arc cutting process


Plasma cutting systems
Quality of cut
Metallurgical effects
Safe work practices
Electric shock
Ventilation
Arc radiation
Noise
Water-table cutting

2.

Describe the applications of


plasma arc cutting.

Advantages
Machine cutting
Manual cutting
Applications of PAC
Cutting alloy steels and non ferrous
metals
Cutting low carbon steel
Plasma gouging
Stack cutting

Power sources
Control unit
Torches
Consumables
Tip stand-off
Air-cooled
Water-cooled
Air quality control
Oil
Moisture
Contaminants
Plasma gases
Secondary gases

3.

Describe plasma arc cutting


equipment.

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4.

Describe the main factors of


PAC.

Materials being cut


Equipment set-up
Operating variables
Air pressure
Travel speed
Double arcing
Tip-to-work distance
Travel direction
Torch maintenance
Operating procedure for PAC

5.

Assemble PAC equipment.

Refer to practical competency for


procedure

6.

Perform square cuts using PAC


equipment.

Ferrous and nonferrous - Refer to


practical competency for procedure

7.

Perform bevel cuts using PAC.

Refer to practical competency for


procedure

8.

Perform circular cuts using PAC.

Refer to practical competency for


procedure

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P5-4, P5-5
and P5-6, and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on plasma arc cutting equipment and its cutting and gouging
operations, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 7 questions or
more. Learner will also be evaluated on the use of plasma arc cutting equipment and its
cutting and gouging operations as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance
criteria in the current curriculum module/line P5-6.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-1

Describe GMAW, GMAW-P, FCAW, and GMAW/MC* Processes


and Their Applications

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe semi-automatic process, the set-up, equipment, modes of
metal transfer, and safety precautions.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe GMAW and GMAW-P.

Principles of operation
Advantages and disadvantages of
GMAW and GMAW-P

2.

Describe FCAW and


GMAW/MC*.

Principles of operation
Advantages and disadvantages of
FCAW

3.

Describe modes of metal transfer


in GMAW and GMAW-P.

Pinch effect
Short-circuit transfer
Globular transfer
Spray transfer
Pulsed spray transfer
Transition currents

4.

Describe modes of metal transfer


in FCAW and GMAW/MC*.

Globular transfer
Spray transfer

5.

Describe safety requirements for


semi-automatic processes.

PPE
Eye protection for the electrical welding
processes
Welding helmets
Radiation protection
Electric shock
Damp conditions
Treatment of electric shock victims
Fire and explosion prevention
Refer to WorkSafeBC for fire watch
regulations
Safety requirements for operating
electric welding equipment
Maintenance of equipment
Welding cables and connections
Ground clamp
Welding gun
Toxic fumes/ventilation

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Ozone
Nitrogen dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Metal fumes
Shielding gases

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 50 question test on semi-automatic processes, set-up, equipment, modes of metal
transfer and the safety precautions, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly
answering 35 questions or more.

*Note: GMAW/MC is metal cored filler metals under the AWS: A5.18 specification.
It is a FCAW/MC under CSA and/or CWB.
Source: American Welding Society and Canadian Standards Association (03/2007)

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-2

Describe GMAW, GMAW-P, FCAW and GMAW/MC* Equipment


and Their Operation

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe semi-automatic equipment and their operation, including
power sources, wire-feed systems, shielding gases, and welding gun assembly.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Identify power sources for semiautomatic.

Constant voltage/current power sources


Arc voltage
Slope
Inductance
Types of controls on CV power sources
Voltage controls
Slope controls
Inductance controls
Current controls
Voltmeters and ammeters
Remote controls and dual schedules
Pulsed power sources

2.

Identify the equipment for semiautomatic wire-feed systems.

Push type systems


Pull-type feed systems
Push-pull systems
Feed rolls
Wire-feed controls
Constant and variable speed wirefeeders

3.

Describe welding gun assemblies


for semi-automatic processes.

Welding gun types


Amperage rating
Water cooled
Gas cooled
Spool
Welding gun consumables
Cable assembly
Size
Adapters
Liners
Preventive maintenance

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4.

Describe equipment for semiautomatic processes.

Conventional power sources


Inverter power sources
Pulse controls
Welding cables
Welding guns
Filler metal
Shielding gases

5.

Describe primary process


variables for semi-automatic
equipment.

Voltage
Wire feed speed
Welding current
Trim or arc length (GMAW-P)
Inductance

6.

Describe secondary variables for


semi-automatic processes.

Electrode extension (stickout)


Arc length
Contact tip to work distance
Push/pull technique
Gun to work angles
Nozzle to work distance
Travel speed

7.

Identify process related weld


faults and their causes.

Dimensional defects
Incorrect weld size
Insufficient throat/underfill
Structural discontinuities in the weld
Under cut
Incomplete penetration
Lack of fusion
Cold lap
Porosity
Cracking (internal/external)
Slag inclusions

8.

Diagnose and demonstrate


corrective measures (eg. trouble
shooting) for malfunctioning
semi-automatic equipment.

Mechanical
Drive feed mechanism
Liner
Electrical
Cable sizes
Grounding
Contact tip
Contactor (gun trigger)
Gases
Leaks in system
Flow rates
Nozzle

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NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee, and Gmaw-P: Pulsed Spray
Transfer, Miller Training Manual
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 60 question test on semi-automatic equipment and their operation, the learner will
demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 42 questions or more.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-3

Describe and Select Filler Metal and Shielding Gases for


GMAW

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to select filler metal and shielding gases for GMAW based on their
knowledge of the construction and operation of GMAW, the CSA and AWS classification
systems and specifications for GMAW low carbon steel filler metal, the application for
commonly used GMAW low carbon steel filler metal and the basic care, handling and storage
procedures for GMAW filler metal.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Identify low carbon steel filler


metal for GMAW.

2.

Identify the shielding gases for


GMAW.

Low carbon steel filler metal


classifications
GMAW or solid filler metal
Deoxidizers in GMAW wires
ER49S-1 to 7 (ER70S-1 to 7)
ER49S-G (ER70S-G)
Carbon dioxide
Inert shielding gases argon and
helium
Density
Thermal conductivity
Ionization potential
Gas mixtures
Argon-oxygen mixtures
Helium-argon mixtures
Specific gas mixtures to suit
applications
Shielding gas cylinders
Carbon dioxide cylinders
Regulators
Flowmeters
Manifold systems
Gas mixers
Flowrates for shielding gases
Solutions for regulator freeze-up
Safe handling of shielding gas cylinders
and regulators

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee

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Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on selecting filler metal and shielding gases for GMAW based on their
knowledge of the construction and operation of GMAW filler metal, the CSA and AWS
classification systems and specifications for GMAW low carbon steel filler metal, the
application for commonly used GMAW low carbon steel filler metal and the basic care,
handling and storage procedures for GMAW filler metal, the learner will demonstrate
knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or more.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-4

Use the GMAW Process to Weld Stringer Beads and Fillet


Welds on Low Carbon Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be knowledgeable of the welding variables for GMAW on low carbon steel and
will be required to set up GMAW equipment using a DC constant voltage power source, weld
stringer beads in the flat position and fillet welds in the flat (1F), horizontal (2F) and vertical
(3F) positions on low carbon steel plate.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Set up GMAW equipment using a


DC constant voltage power
source.

Equipment
Filler metal
Shielding gas
Assemble GMAW equipment
Shut down GMAW equipment

2.

Weld stinger beads in the flat


position on low carbon steel
plate.
Weld fillet welds in the flat (1F)
position on lap, tee and corner
joints low carbon steel plate.

Refer to practical competency for Weld


Procedure Specification (WPS)

Fillet weld on lap joint in the 1F position


- refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)
Fillet weld on tee joint in the 1F position
- refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)
Fillet weld on corner joint in the 1F
position - refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)

3.

4.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on lap, tee and
corner joints low carbon steel
plate.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Fillet weld on lap joint in the 2F position


- refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)
Fillet weld on tee joint in the 2F position
- refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)
Fillet weld on corner joint in the 2F
position - refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)

85

5.

Weld fillet welds in the vertical


(3F) position on lap and tee joints
on low carbon steel plate.

6.

Weld fillet welds in the flat (1F)


and horizontal (2F) position on
lap and tee joints low carbon
steel plate using spray transfer.

Fillet weld on lap joint in the 3F position


(uphill) - refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)
Fillet weld on lap joint in the 3F position
(downhill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
3F position (uphill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
3F position (downhill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the
1F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
1F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the
2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to set up GMAW equipment using a DC constant
voltage power source, weld stinger beads in the flat position and fillet welds in the flat (1F),
horizontal (2F) and vertical (3F) positions on low carbon steel plate, as part of a practical shop
project as per the practical components in the current curriculum module/line P4; evaluation
must meet CSA W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-5

Use the GMAW Process to Weld Fillet Welds on Low Carbon


Steel Sheet

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld fillet welds in horizontal and vertical positions on low carbon
steel sheet using the GMAW process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on lap and tee joints
on low carbon steel sheet.

2.

Weld fillet welds in the vertical


(3F) position (downhill) on lap
and tee joints on low carbon steel
sheet.

Single-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Single-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Single-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the
3F position (downhill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Single-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
3F position (downhill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld fillet welds in horizontal and vertical positions
on low carbon steel sheet using the GMAW process, as part of a practical shop project as per
the practical components in the current curriculum module/line P4; evaluation must meet CSA
W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-6

Use the GMAW Process to Weld Square Groove Welds on Low


Carbon Steel Sheet

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld square groove welds on butt joints on low carbon steel sheet
using the GMAW process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Weld square groove welds in the


flat (1G) position and the vertical
(3G) position on butt joints on low
carbon steel sheet.

Single-pass fillet weld in the 1G position


- refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)
Single-pass groove weld in the 3G
position (downhill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld square groove welds on butt joints on low
carbon steel sheet using the GMAW process, as part of a practical shop project as per the
practical components in the current curriculum module/line P4; evaluation must meet CSA
W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-7

Use the GMAW Process to Weld Groove Welds on Low Carbon


Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld groove welds on single-bevel butt joints with backing and
single-vee butt joints without backing.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Weld groove welds in the flat


(1GF) position on butt joints on
low carbon steel plate using
spray transfer.

Multi-pass groove weld on single-bevel


butt joint in the 1GF position (with
backing) - refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)

2.

Weld groove welds in the flat


position (1G) on butt joints on low
carbon steel plate.

Multi-pass groove weld on single-vee


butt joint in the 1G position - refer to
practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

3.

Weld groove welds on butt joints


in the horizontal (2G) position.

Multi-pass groove weld on open root,


single-vee butt joint in the 2G position refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

4.

Weld groove welds on butt joints


in the vertical (3G) position.

Multi-pass groove weld on open root,


single-vee butt joint in the 3G position
(downhill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Face and root bends tests - refer to
practical competency for procedure

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld groove welds on single-bevel butt joints with
backing and single-vee butt joints without backing, as part of a practical shop project as per the
practical components in the current curriculum module/line P4; evaluation must meet CSA
W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-8

Use the GMAW-P Process to Weld Fillet Welds on Low Carbon


Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be knowledgeable of the welding variables for GMAW-P on low carbon steel
and will be required to set up GMAW-P equipment, weld fillet welds in horizontal (2F), vertical
(3F) and overhead (4F) positions on low carbon steel plate.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Identify welding variables for


GMAW-P on low carbon plate.

Pre-selected variables
Equipment selection
Filler metal selection
Mode of metal transfer and shielding
gas
Primary adjustable variables
Welding current
Trim
Secondary adjustable variables
Pushing and pulling techniques
Travel speed
Stickout
Gun angle

2.

Identify trouble shooting


procedures for GMAW-P.

Dimensional defects
Incorrect weld size
Overlap
Excessive reinforcement
Structural discontinuities in the weld
Under cut
Incomplete penetration
Lack of fusion
Porosity
Cracking (internal/external)
Insufficient throat/underfill

3.

Set up GMAW-P equipment.

Equipment
Filler wire
Shielding gas
Assemble GMAW-P equipment
Shut down GMAW-P equipment

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4.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on lap joint.

Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

5.

Weld fillet welds in the vertical


(3F) position on lap and tee
joints.

Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


3F position (uphill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
3F position (uphill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

6.

Weld fillet welds in the overhead


(4F) position on lap joint.

Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


4F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6


(Addendum), and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on their knowledge of the welding variables for GMAW-P on low
carbon steel and will be required to set up GMAW-P equipment fillet welds in all positions on a
on low carbon steel plate, as part of a practical shop project as per the practical components in
the current curriculum module/line P4 (addendum); evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards
for cyclically loaded structures.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-9

Use the GMAW-P Process to Weld Fillet Welds on Low Carbon


Steel Sheet

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld fillet welds in horizontal and vertical positions on lap and teejoints on low carbon steel sheet using the GMAW-P process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on lap and tee joints
on low carbon steel sheet.

2.

Weld fillet welds in the vertical


(3F) position (downhill) on lap
and tee joints

Single-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Single-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Single-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the
3F position (downhill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Single-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
3F position (downhill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6


(Addendum), and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld fillet welds in horizontal and vertical positions
on lap and tee joints on low carbon steel sheet using the GMAW-P process, as part of a
practical shop project as per the practical components in the current curriculum module/line P4
(addendum); evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-10 Use the GMAW-P Process to Weld Square Groove Welds on


Low Carbon Steel Sheet

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld square groove butt joint on low carbon steel sheet using the
GMAW-P process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Weld square groove welds in the


horizontal (2G) position on butt
joints on low carbon steel sheet.

Single-pass groove weld in the 2G


position - refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6


(Addendum), and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld square groove butt joint on low carbon steel
sheet using the GMAW-P process, as part of a practical shop project as per the practical
components in the current curriculum module/line P4 (addendum); evaluation must meet CSA
W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-11 Use the GMAW-P Process to Weld Groove Welds on Low


Carbon Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld single-bevel butt joints with backing in horizontal and vertical
positions.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Weld groove fillet welds in


horizontal (2GF) and vertical
(3GF) positions.

Multi-pass groove fillet weld in 2GF and


3GF positions on single-bevel butt
joints with backing - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Face and root bend tests refer to
practical competency for procedure

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6


(Addendum), and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld single-bevel butt joints with backing in
horizontal and vertical positions, as part of a practical shop project as per the practical
components in the current curriculum module/line P4 (addendum); evaluation must meet CSA
W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-13 Describe and Demonstrate GMAW-P Weld Fillet Welds Using


Stainless Steel Filler Metal on Low Carbon Steel Plate and
Sheet

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe and demonstrate GMAW-P fillet welds using stainless steel
filler metal on low carbon steel plate.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Identify specific safety


precautions when welding
stainless steel.

PPE
Toxic fumes/ventilation
Chromium
Nickel
Reflective radiation
Chemical cleaners

2.

Describe proper handling and


preparation procedures for
materials and consumables.

Contamination
Abrasives and hand brushes
Rigging and tooling
Work area
Work environment
Consumables

3.

Describe the principal


considerations in the GMAW-P
welding of stainless steel.

Set welding variables


Heat input
Shielding gases
Weld contamination
Surface oxidation of weld area
Distortion

4.

Weld fillet weld in the horizontal


(2F) position on tee joint on low
carbon steel plate.

Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the 2F


position refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification (WPS)

5.

Weld fillet weld in the horizontal


(2F) position on lap joints on low
carbon steel sheet.

Single-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to describe and demonstrate GMAW-P fillet welds
using stainless steel filler metal on low carbon steel plate, as part of a practical shop project as

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per the practical components in the current curriculum module/line P4 (addendum); evaluation
must meet CSA W59 standards for cyclically loaded.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING


(GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-16 Describe and Demonstrate Procedures Specific to GMAW and


GMAW-P on Aluminum Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe and demonstrate the precautions and procedures specific
to GMAW and GMAW-P on aluminum plate.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Identify specific safety


precautions when welding
aluminum.

PPE
Toxic fumes/ventilation
ozone
Reflective radiation
Chemical cleaners

2.

Describe proper handling and


preparation procedures for
materials and consumables.

Contamination
Abrasives and hand brushes
Rigging and tooling
Work area
Work environment
Consumables

3.

Describe the principal


considerations in the GMAW and
GMAW-P welding of aluminum.

Set welding variables


Heat input
Shielding gases
Weld contamination
Surface oxidation of weld area
Distortion

4.

GMAW fillet welds in the


horizontal (2F) position lap and
tee joint on aluminum plate.

5.

GMAW-P fillet welds in the


vertical (3F) and overhead (4F)
position tee joint on aluminum
plate.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Single-pass fillet weld lap joint in the 2F


position refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld tee joint in the 2F
position refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld tee joint in the 3F
and 4F position refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

97

Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to describe and demonstrate the precautions and
procedures specific to GMAW and GMAW-P on aluminum plate, as part of a practical shop
project as per the practical components in the current curriculum module/line P4 (addendum);
evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards for cyclically loaded.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-22 Describe and Select Filler Metals and Shielding Gases for
FCAW and GMAW/MC*

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to select filler metals and shielding gases for FCAW and GMAW/MC
base on their knowledge of the construction and operation of FCAW and GMAW/MC filler
metals, the CSA and AWS classification systems and specifications for FCAW and GMAW/MC
low carbon steel filler metals, the application for commonly used FCAW and GMAW/MC low
carbon steel filler metals and the basic care, handling and storage procedures for FCAW and
GMAW/MC filler metals.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe and select low carbon


steel filler metals for FCAW and
GMAW/MC.

2.

Describe and select the shielding


gases for FCAW and
GMAW/MC.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Major classifications of FCAW low


carbon filler metals
T-1 to T-11 Classification
T-G Classification
Major classifications of GMAW/MC low
carbon filler metals
Metal cored filler metal
Shielding/self-shielding filler metals
Characteristics of shielding gases
Filler metal handling procedures
Filler metal storage requirements
Detect damage or defects in
consumables
Follow manufacturers
recommendations
Carbon dioxide
Cathode jet
Inert shielding gases argon and
helium
Density
Thermal conductivity
Ionization potential
Gas mixtures
Argon-oxygen mixtures
Helium-argon mixtures
Quaternary mixtures
Shielding gas cylinders
Carbon dioxide cylinders
Regulator freeze-up
Regulators
Flowmeters
99

Gas mixers
Flowrates for shielding gases
Safe handling of shielding gas
equipment

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on selecting filler metals and shielding gases for FCAW and
GMAW/MC base on their knowledge of the construction and operation of FCAW and
GMAW/MC filler metals, the CSA and AWS classification systems and specifications for FCAW
and GMAW/MC low carbon steel filler metals, the application for commonly used FCAW and
GMAW/MC low carbon steel filler metal and the basic care, handling and storage procedures
for FCAW and GMAW/MC filler metals, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly
answering 14 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING


(GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-23 Use the FCAW Self-Shielding Process to Weld Fillets Welds on


Low Carbon Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld stringer beads in the flat position on low carbon steel plate and
weld fillet welds on lap and tee joints in the flat (1F), horizontal (2F) and vertical (3F) positions
using the FCAW process with self-shielding filler metals.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Identify welding variables for


FCAW on low carbon plate.

Pre-selected variables
Equipment selection
Filler metal selection
Mode of metal transfer
Primary adjustable variables
Welding current
Arc voltage
Secondary adjustable variables
Pushing and pulling techniques
Travel speed
Stickout
Gun angle

2.

Weld stinger beads on low


carbon steel plate using selfshielding filler metal.
Weld fillet weld in the flat (1F)
position on lap joint using selfshielding filler metal.

Refer to practical competency for Weld


Procedure Specification (WPS)

Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


1F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

4.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on tee joint in using
self-shielding filler metal.

Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the


2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

5.

Weld fillet welds in the vertical


(3F) position (uphill) on tee joint
using self-shielding filler metal.

Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the


3F position (uphill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

3.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

101

6.

Weld fillet weld in the overhead


(4F) position on structural shape
to plate using self-shielding filler
metal.

Multi-pass fillet weld on structural shape


to plate in the 4Fposition - refer to
practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld stringer beads in the flat position on low carbon
steel plate, weld fillet welds on lap and tee joints in a variety of positions using the FCAW
process with self-shielding filler metal as part of a practical shop project as per the acceptance
criteria in the current curriculum module/line P4; evaluation must meet CSA W59 standards for
cyclically loaded structures.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING


(GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-24 Use the FCAW Gas-Shielded Process to Weld Fillet Welds on


Low Carbon Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld stringer beads in the flat position on low carbon steel plate and
weld fillet welds on lap and tee joints in the flat (1F), horizontal (2F), vertical (3F) and overhead
(4F) positions using the FCAW process with gas- shielded filler metals.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Identify welding variables for


FCAW on low carbon plate.

2.

3.

4.

Pre-selected variables
Equipment selection
Filler metal selection
Mode of metal transfer and shielding
gas
Primary adjustable variables
Welding current
Arc voltage
Secondary adjustable variables
Pushing and pulling techniques
Travel speed
Stickout
Gun angle

Weld stinger beads on low


carbon steel plate using gasshielded filler metal.
Weld fillet weld in the flat (1F)
position on tee joint using gasshielded filler metal.

Refer to practical competency for Weld


Procedure Specification (WPS)

Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the


1F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on lap and tee joints
in using gas-shielding filler metal.

Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

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5.

Weld fillet welds in the vertical


(3F) position (uphill) on lap and
tee joints using gas-shielded filler
metal.

Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


3F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joints in the
3F position (uphill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

6.

Weld fillet weld in the overhead


(4F) position on tee joint using
gas-shielded filler metal.

Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the


4Fposition - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

7.

Weld fillet weld in the horizontal


(2F) position on structural shape
to plate using gas-shielded filler
metal.

Multi-pass fillet weld on structural shape


to plate in the 2F position - refer to
practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld groove welds using FCAW, in a variety of
positions using gas-shielded filler metal, as part of a practical shop project as per the
acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line P4; evaluation must meet CSA W59
standards for cyclically loaded structures.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-25 Use the FCAW Process to Weld Groove Welds on Low Carbon
Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld groove welds in all positions on low carbon steel plate using
the FCAW process with gas-shielded filler metals.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Weld square groove welds in the


flat (1G) position on butt joints on
low carbon steel plate. Gouge to
Sound Metal (GTSM).

Multi-pass square groove weld on butt


joint (both sides) in the 1G position refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

2.

Weld groove fillets with backing


in the flat (1GF), horizontal
(2GF), vertical (3GF), and
overhead (4GF) positions on butt
joints on low carbon steel plate.

Multi-pass groove welds on single bevel


butt joint (with backing) in the 1GF
position - refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)
Multi-pass groove weld on single bevel
butt joint (with backing) in the 2GF
position - refer to practical competency
for Weld Procedure Specification
(WPS)
Multi-pass groove weld on single bevel
butt joint (with backing) in the 3GF
position (uphill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass groove weld on single bevel
butt joint (with backing) in the 4GF
position (uphill) - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld groove welds in all positions, using the FCAW
process with gas-shielded filler metals, as part of a practical shop project as per the
acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line P4; evaluation must meet CSA W59
standards for cyclically loaded structures.

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-26 Use the GMAW/MC* Process to Weld Fillets Welds on Low


Carbon Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld fillet welds in the flat and horizontal position on low carbon
steel using the GMAW/MC* process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Identify welding variables for


GMAW/MC* on low carbon plate.

2.

Weld fillet welds in the flat (1F)


position on lap and tee joints.

3.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on lap and tee
joints.

Pre-selected variables
Equipment selection
Filler metal selection
Mode of metal transfer and shielding
gas
Primary adjustable variables
Welding current
Arc voltage
Secondary adjustable variables
Pushing and pulling techniques
Travel speed
Stickout
Gun angle
Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the
1F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
1F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the
2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)
Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the
2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee

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Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld fillet welds in the flat and horizontal position on
low carbon steel using the GMAW/MC* process as part of a practical shop project as per the
acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line P4; evaluation must meet CSA W59
standards for cyclically loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-27 Use the GMAW/MC* Process to Weld Groove Welds on Low


Carbon Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to weld groove welds using the GMAW/MC* process.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Weld square groove welds in the


flat (1G) position on butt joints on
low carbon steel plate. Gouge to
Sound Metal (GTSM).

Multi-pass square groove weld on butt


joint (both sides) in the 1G position refer to practical competency for Weld
Procedure Specification (WPS)

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line P6, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to weld groove welds using the GMAW/MC* process as
per the acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line P4; evaluation must meet
CSA W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE F:

PERFORMS SEMI-AUTOMATIC WELDING (GMAW)(GMAW-P)(FCAW)


(GMAW/MC*)

Competency:

F-29 Describe and Demonstrate FCAW Fillet Welds Using Stainless


Steel Filler on Low Carbon Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe and demonstrate FCAW fillet welds using stainless steel
filler metal on low carbon steel plate.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Identify specific safety


precautions when welding
stainless steel.

PPE
Toxic fumes/ventilation
Chromium
Nickel
Reflective radiation
Chemical cleaners

2.

Describe proper handling and


preparation procedures for
materials and consumables.

Contamination
Abrasives and hand brushes
Rigging and tooling
Work area
Work environment
Consumables

3.

Describe the principal


considerations in the FCAW
welding of stainless steel.

Set welding variables


Heat input
Shielding gases
Weld contamination
Surface oxidation of weld area
Distortion

4.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on lap joints on low
carbon steel sheet.

Single-pass fillet weld on lap joint in the


2F position - refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

5.

Weld fillet welds in the horizontal


(2F) position on tee joint on low
carbon steel plate.

Multi-pass fillet weld on tee joint in the


2F position refer to practical
competency for Weld Procedure
Specification (WPS)

Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to describe and demonstrate FCAW fillet weld using
stainless steel filler metal on low carbon steel plate, as part of a practical shop project as per
the acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line P4; evaluation must meet CSA
W59 standards for cyclically loaded structures.
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LINE G:

DESCRIBE BASIC METALLURGY RELATING TO PRODUCTION,


PROPERTIES AND WELDABILITY

Competency:

G-1

Describe Production Processes for Manufacturing Metals

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe the production processes for manufacturing metals.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe types of iron and


current production methods.

Blast furnace pig iron


Cast irons
Grey cast iron
White cast iron
Malleable cast iron
Nodular iron (ductile iron)

2.

Describe current steel production


and forming methods.

Open hearth furnace


Basic oxygen furnace
Electric furnace
Bessemer converter
Ingots
Rimmed, killed and semi-killed steel
Continuous casting process
Blooms, billets and slabs
Hot and cold-rolled sheet products
Galvanized sheet steel products
Tin mill products
Structural shapes and bars
Steel plate and large diameter pipe
Pipe and tubing
ERW
Seamless
Forging process
Open-die forging
Closed-die forging
Casting process
Sand casting
Centrifugal casting
Die casting

3.

Describe types of steel and steel


classifications.

Main elements of carbon steels


six elements
Types of steel
Low carbon
Medium carbon
High carbon (tool)
Alloying elements

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Chromium
Cobalt
Copper
Magnesium
Nickel
Titanium
Tungsten
Vandium
Steel classification
CSA standards
UNS numbering system
SAE and AISI systems
First digit
Second digit
Third and fourth digits
ASTM classification
Manufacturers certification and
identification markings
Colour coding
Numbering systems
Heat numbers
Mill certification

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on the production processes for manufacturing metals, the learner will
demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or more.

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LINE G:

DESCRIBE BASIC METALLURGY RELATING TO PRODUCTION,


PROPERTIES AND WELDABILITY

Competency:

G-2

Describe Mechanical and Physical Properties of Metals

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to identify the mechanical and physical properties of metals.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Define the terms relating to


mechanical and physical
properties of metals.

Metallurgy
Alloys
Ferrous metals
Wrought iron
Cast iron
Carbon steels
Low alloy steels
Alloy steels
Nonferrous metals
Aluminum
Copper
Lead
Magnesium
Nickel
Silver
Tin
Zinc

2.

Describe the mechanical


properties of metals.

Tensile strength
Elasticity, yield point, ultimate tensile
strength
Elongation
Impact strength
Compressive strength
Fatigue strength
Toughness
Hardness
Ductility
Malleability
Brittleness

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3.

Describe the physical properties


of metals.

Density
Resistance to corrosion
Electrical conductivity
Thermal conductivity
Thermal expansion
Melting point

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK3-1, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on identifying the mechanical and physical properties of metals, the
learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE G:

DESCRIBE BASIC METALLURGY RELATING TO PRODUCTION,


PROPERTIES AND WELDABILITY

Competency:

G-3

Describe Metals

Learning Objectives:
The learner will identify metals by their visual appearance, relative weight, typical shape and
texture, and will perform chip tests, spark tests, hardness tests and flame tests.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe identifying types of


metals by their physical
characteristics such as visual
appearance, colour, relative
weight, typical shape and texture.

Steel
Cast steel
Cast irons
Copper
Brass and bronze
Aluminum
Stainless steel
Lead
Magnesium
Zinc
Titanium

2.

Describe identifying types of


metals by mechanical and
thermal tests.

Chip
Spark
Hardness
Files
Center punch
Chisel
Flame
Magnetic
Non-magnetic
Magnetic
Slightly magnetic
Melting point

3.

Identify metals.

Refer to practical competency for


procedure

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK3-3, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test the learner will demonstrate knowledge of identifying metals by their
visual appearance, relative weight, typical shape and texture, chip tests, spark tests, hardness
tests and flame tests by correctly answering 7 questions or more. The learner will be
evaluated on ability to inspect metals for identification as part of a practical shop project as per
the acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line RK3-3.
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LINE G:

DESCRIBE BASIC METALLURGY RELATING TO PRODUCTION,


PROPERTIES AND WELDABILITY

Competency:

G-5

Describe the Alloy Content and Heat Treatments on the


Weldability of Steel

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe how welding affects the mechanical properties of low
carbon steel.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

2.

Describe the precautions and


weldability of low carbon steel.

Describe the effects of welding


on low carbon steel.

Factors affecting the weldability of low


carbon steels
Contamination
Thickness
Temperature
Moisture

Heat affected zones in welds


Heat transfer
Effects of expansion and contraction
The purpose and effects of:
Preheating
Post heating
Quenching
Temperature indicating devices:
Temperature sticks/crayon
Pyrometer

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on how welding affects the mechanical properties of low carbon steel,
the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 7 questions or more.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

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LINE I:

DESCRIBES AND PERFORMS MATEIAL HANDLING AND RIGGING


PROCEDURES

Competency:

I-1

Describe Safety Procedures for Rigging and Material Handling

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe safety procedures for rigging and material handling.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe rigging and general


safety precautions.

Introduction to rigging
WorkSafeBC rigging regulations
Rejection criteria
PPE
Common hazards
SWL not known
Defective equipment and hardware
Unrated lifting lugs
Electrical contact
Weather conditions

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK1-1 and
RK-2, and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 40 question test on describing safety procedures for rigging and material handling, the
learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 28 questions or more.

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LINE I:

DESCRIBES AND PERFORMS MATEIAL HANDLING AND RIGGING


PROCEDURES

Competency:

I-2

Performs Safe Working Load Calculations Involving Geometric


Formulas, Volumes and Capacities

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to perform safe working load calculations involving geometric formulas,
volumes and capacities.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Solve problems involving


geometric formulas.

Key terms and concepts used in


working with formulas
Identify common formulas and solve
problems for perimeter
Identify common formulas and solve
problems for area
Identify common formulas and solve
problems for volume, calculate the
weight of a solid
Calculate the capacity of a container in
litres and gallons

2.

Determine weight and centre of


gravity.

Calculating the weight of load


Plate
Structural steel shape
Pipe
Centre of gravity

3.

Explain safe working load ratios.

WorkSafeBC regulations (part 15)


Material and personnel

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK1-2 and
RK2B-6, and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on safe working load calculations involving geometric formulas,
volumes and capacities, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 7
questions or more.

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LINE I:

DESCRIBES AND PERFORMS MATERIAL HANDLING AND RIGGING


PROCEDURES

Competency:

I-3

Use Fibre Ropes to Tie Knots

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to use fibre ropes to tie knots, bends and hitches.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe fibre rope


characteristics and their
applications.

Natural fibres
Manila
Synthetic fibres
Nylon
Polyester
Polypropylene

2.

Determine the safe working load


of fibre rope.

SWL for:
Manila
Nylon
Polyester
Polypropylene
De-rated capacity using knots, bends or
hitches

3.

Describe proper care and


inspection of rope.

Storage
Visual inspection
Cuts
Abrasions
Dirt
Rot
Fatigue
Heat damage
Dry-testing
Cleanliness
Kinks
Chemical damage

4.

Recognize and name common


knots, bends and hitches used
with ropes.

Parts of a rope
Basic knots
Figure 8
Square (reef) knot
Clove hitch
Sheetbend
Round turn and two half hitches
Bowline
Half hitch
Single Dutchman (chain knot)

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5.

Describe and demonstrate


applications of knots, bends and
hitches.

Tag lines (rigging)


Load lines (tie-down)
Hoisting lines (materials)
Safety harness
Joining ropes
Stopper knot

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK1-1, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on the use of fibre ropes to tie knots, bends and hitches the learner
will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 7 questions or more. The learner will be
evaluated on ability to use fibre ropes to tie knots, bends and hitches, as part of a practical
shop project as per the acceptance criteria in the current curriculum module/line RK1-1.

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LINE I:

DESCRIBES AND PERFORMS MATERIAL HANDLING AND RIGGING


PROCEDURES

Competency:

I-4

Describe Slings and Rigging Hardware Uses

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe slings and rigging hardware uses.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Identify safe working loads for


wire rope slings.

Wire rope classification


Diameter
SWL calculations
Rejection criteria

2.

Describe common types of slings


and safe working loads.

3.

Describe common type of sling


configurations, safe working
loads and their application.

Synthetic web slings


Wire rope slings
Alloy steel chain slings
Metal mesh slings
Mandatory rating tags on all slings
Rejection criteria
Single vertical hitch
Bridle hitch
Single basket hitch
Double basket hitch
Double-wrap basket hitches
Single choker hitch
Double choker hitch
Double-wrap chocker hitch
Adjust rated capacity for sling
configurations
Sling angles
Sling configuration

Below-the-hook lifting devices


Hoisting hooks
Choker hooks
Wire rope clips
Number
Spacing
Cable clips
Swivels
Shackles
Eye bolts
Snatch blocks
Turnbuckles
Spreader and equalizer beams
Plate clamps

4.

Identify common rigging


hardware.

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NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK1-1, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on the use of slings and rigging hardware, the learner will
demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or more.

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LINE I:

DESCRIBES AND PERFORMS MATERIAL HANDLING AND RIGGING


PROCEDURES

Competency:

I-5

Describe Hoisting Equipment

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe hoisting and lifting equipment.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe common types of


hoisting equipment and describe
their application.

Jacks (ratchet, hydraulic)


Jack stands
Rollers
Block and tackle
Lever-operated hoists or come-a-longs
Chain blocks
Chain hoists
Grip action hoists (Tirfors)
Electric hoists and pendant cranes
Floor hoists
Winches
Gantry cranes
Remote pendant control
Overhead runways
Jib crane
Overhead traveling cranes
Mobile cranes
Tower cranes
Forklifts

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK1-1, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on hoisting and lifting equipment, the learner will demonstrate
knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or more.

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LINE I:

DESCRIBES AND PERFORMS MATERIAL HANDLING AND RIGGING


PROCEDURES

Competency:

I-6

Use Hoisting Equipment to Perform Lift

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to use common types of hoisting equipment and operate basic lifting
devices to perform a lift.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Operate hoisting equipment.

WorkSafeBC regulations
Identify hand signals for crane
operations
Hoisting equipment
Manufacturers specifications
Plan a lift
Estimate weight of load
Factors that reduce capacity
Select proper rigging
Attach proper rigging
Apply safe operating practices

2.

Describe and demonstrate


correct procedures for handling
and storing structural shapes.

Rigging structural shapes


Rotating structural shapes
Blocking and stacking

3.

Lift, hoist and move loads.

Use a hoist (chain fall)


Use come-alongs
Use a tirfor jack

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK1-3, and
Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
The learner will be evaluated on ability to identify and use common types of hoisting equipment
and operate basic lifting devices to perform a lift, as part of a practical shop project as per the
acceptance criteria the current curriculum module/line RK1-3.

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LINE J:

READS WELDING DRAWINGS

Competency:

J-1

Perform Mathematical Calculations Involving Angles, Triangles


and Geometric Construction

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to perform mathematical calculations involving angles, triangles and
geometric construction.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Solve problems involving angles,


triangles and geometric
constructions.

Basic terms
Lines and points
Angles and angle terms
Basic theorems
Apply the principles of angles
Read protractor
Calculate angles
Right angle triangles
Apply geometric constructions
Roots and powers

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK2B-7,


and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on mathematical calculations involving angles, triangles and
geometric construction, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14
questions or more.

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LINE J:

READS WELDING DRAWINGS

Competency:

J-2

Sketch Basic Objects Using Orthographic Projection

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to sketch basic objects using orthographic project and their knowledge
of orthographic drawings, basic lines used in drawings, principles of scale drawings, principle
of sectioning and auxiliary views.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe orthographic drawings.

Visualization

2.

Identify basic lines used in


drawings.

Object lines
Hidden lines
Centre lines
Dimension and extension lines
Leader lines
Phantom lines
Cutting plane lines
Section lines
Break lines

3.

Sketch orthographic projections.

Freehand sketching to approximate


scale
Graph paper
Sketching orthographic views
Scale rule

Auxiliary views
Sectional views
Locating sectional views
Showing sectional views
Types of sectional views
Full sections
Half-sections
Broken sections
Revolved sections

4.

Describe and sketch auxiliary


and sectional views.

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK2A-1,


and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on orthographic drawings, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by
correctly answering 7 questions or more.

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LINE J:

READS WELDING DRAWINGS

Competency:

J-3

Sketch Isometric Drawings of Basic Objects

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to sketch isometric drawings of basic objects using their knowledge of
pictorial drawings, the principles of orthographic projection, making isometric sketches of basic
rectangular objects and making isometric sketches of basic objects with circular features.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe pictorial drawings.

Pictorial drawings
Isometric drawings

2.

Sketch isometric drawings of


basic objects.

Sketching simple rectangular objects


Sketching figures using isometric lines

3.

Sketch isometric drawings of


basic objects with circular
features.

Sketch objects with circular features

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK2A-2,


and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a project to sketch an isometric view of an object, the learner will be assessed using
70% as the passing criteria.

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LINE J:

READS WELDING DRAWINGS

Competency:

J-4

Sketch Dimensioned Drawing

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to sketch a dimensioned drawing based on their knowledge of SI
metric dimensioning, imperial dimensioning, size, location and notation dimensions,
dimensioning of curved surfaces, angular and tolerance dimensioning and how to obtain
dimensions from orthographic drawings.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Identify systems of
measurements used on
drawings.

SI metric units of measurement


Imperial system of measurement
Dual dimensioning
Position method
Bracket method
Conversion chart method

2.

Describe methods of
dimensioning.

Types of dimensions
Rules for placing dimensions
Dimensioning curved surfaces
Angular dimensioning
Tolerance dimensions
Dimensioning external chamfers and
bevels

3.

Sketch a dimensioned drawing of


a simple object.

Refer to practical competency

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK2A-3,


and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on sketching a dimensioned drawing, the learner will demonstrate
knowledge by correctly answering 7 questions or more. Given a practical project to sketch a
dimensioned view of an object, the learner will be assessed using 70% as the passing criteria.

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LINE J:

READS WELDING DRAWINGS

Competency:

J-5

Identify Common Welding Symbols and Bolted Connections

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to identify the standard welding symbols, supplementary symbols, the
dimensioning of fillet and groove weld symbols, the dimensioning of other weld symbols and
the dimensioning of threaded fasteners used in structural steel construction.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe standard welding


symbols.

Welding symbols
Location of weld symbol
Arrows
Weld symbols
Supplementary weld symbols
Weld-all-around symbol
Field weld symbol
Contour and finish symbols

2.

Describe the dimensioning of


fillet and groove welds.

Fillet weld size


Length of fillet welds
Intermittent fillet welds
Types of groove welds
Groove size (depth of operation)
Effective throat size (depth of
penetration)
Root opening
Groove or included angle
Backing or spacer material symbol
Back gouging and its application to
groove welds
Back welds and backing welds
Melt-thru welds

Plug welds
Plug size
Angle of countersink
Depth of filling
Slot welds
Spot welds
Size and strength of spot welds
Pitch of spot welds
Number of spot welds
Seam welds
Size and strength of seam welds
Scarf for brazed joint
Flange welds

3.

Identify other basic weld symbols


and their dimensions.

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4.

Identify the dimensioning of


bolted connections.

Surface welds

Thread symbols on drawings


Designation of UNC and UNF threads
Metric thread designations

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK2A-4,


and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on identifying the basic welding symbol, supplementary symbols, the
dimensioning of fillet and groove weld symbols, the dimensioning of other basic weld symbols
and the dimensioning of threaded fasteners used in structural steel construction, the learner
will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or more.

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LINE J:

READS WELDING DRAWINGS

Competency:

J-6

Read Structural Drawings

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be knowledgeable of structural shapes and how they are specified, types of
structural drawings, written information on drawings and how to obtain dimensions and other
information from drawings.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

2.

Identify structural steel shapes.

Identify types of structural


drawings.

Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Plate and sheet


Specifying sheet sizes
Specifying plate sizes
Steel bars
Rectangular bar, flat bar and strip stock
Square bar
Round bar
Half oval bar
Hexagon bar
Octagon bar
Shapes
W, S and M shapes
Angles
Equal leg lengths
Unequal leg angles
Structural tees
Channel
Structural tubing (hollow structural
sections)
Round tubing
Structural pipe

Engineering drawings
Site plans
Foundation plans
Framing plans
Elevation plans
Sections
Connection detail drawings
Shop drawings
Detail drawings
Assembly drawings
Detail assembly drawings

130

3.

Identify bills of material and other


information found on structural
drawings.

Title block
Revisions block
Notes and specifications
Material list
Item number
Quantity
Description
Length
Specifications
Material
Remarks

4.

Perform a practical exercise.

Obtain information from drawings


Dimensions
Hole locations
Part locations
Assembly details
Welding requirements
Prepare material list
Prepare cut list
Refer to practical competency

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK2A-5,


and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a 20 question test on structural shapes and how they are specified, types of structural
drawings, written information on drawings and how to obtain dimensions and other information
from drawings, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 14 questions or
more.

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LINE K:

LAYOUT AND FABRICATE COMPONENTS

Competency:

K-2

Identify Materials Required

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to identify applicable standards, codes and specifications and interpret
information to select materials and equipment.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1. Interpret information and select


materials.

Material information sources


Type of materials
Location of information
Identify unique or special information
Select materials

2. Identifies applicable standards,


codes and specifications.

Standards
Codes
Specifications

3. Review documentation and


markings.

Mill test reports


Traceability methods
Traceability requirements

4. Interpret information and select


equipment.

Equipment information sources


Select equipment

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on identifying applicable standards, codes and specifications and
interpret information to select materials and equipment the learner will demonstrate knowledge
by correctly answering 7 questions or more.

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LINE K:

LAYOUT AND FABRICATE COMPONENTS

Competency:

K-3

Prepare Work Area

Learning Objectives:
The learner will prepare the work area by cleaning, planning sequence of operations, and
gathering work materials and equipment.
LEARNING TASKS

COCNTENT

1.

Describe work area


requirements.

Good housekeeping practices


Refer to WorksafeBC regulations and
OHS act
Access and egress
Material and equipment
Identify safety hazards

2.

Plans sequence of operation.

Assembly requirements
Codes
Weld procedure specifications (WPS)
Final product
Welding sequence
Possible distortion
Organize sequence of work
Visualize final components

3.

Gather work materials and


equipment.

Work plan
Finished component
Assembly of requirements

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on preparing the work area by cleaning, planning sequence of
operations, and gathering work materials and equipment, the learner will demonstrate
knowledge by correctly answering 7 questions or more.

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LINE K:

LAYOUT AND FABRICATE COMPONENTS

Competency:

K-4

Layout Materials

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to develop templates, transfer dimensions from drawings to materials
and conform material dimensions.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Develop templates.

Construct template
Template materials
Measuring tools
Conform to dimensional tolerances

2.

Interpret and transfer dimensions


from drawings to materials.

Transfer methods
Measuring tools
Layout tools
Conform to dimensional tolerances

NOTE: Refer To Current Welder Training Program Curriculum Module/Line RK2A-5,


and Amendments by the BC Welding Articulation Committee
Achievement Criteria:
Given a practical project to develop templates, transfer dimensions from drawings to materials
and conform material dimensions, the learner will be assessed using 70% as the passing
criteria.

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LINE K:

LAYOUT AND FABRICATE COMPONENTS

Competency:

K-5

Prepare Materials

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to prepare materials by cutting, grinding, and cleaning.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Cut materials to dimensions.

2.

Grind materials.

3.

Clean materials.

Safe work practices specific to cutting


refer to WorkSafeBC requirements
Identify material
Cutting sequence
Tolerances
Select cutting equipment
Safe work practices specific to grinding
refer to WorkSafeBC requirements
Type of base metal
Select abrasives
Perform grinding
Safe work practices specific to cleaning
refer to WorkSafeBC requirements
Determine required cleaning method
Mechanical cleaning methods
Chemical cleaning methods
Cleaning materials
Cleaning specifications

Achievement Criteria:
Given a practical project to prepare materials by cutting, grinding, and cleaning, the learner will
be assessed using 70% as the passing criteria.

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LINE K:

LAYOUT AND FABRICATE COMPONENTS

Competency:

K-6

Fabricate Weldment

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to fabricate a weldment using selected processes and materials.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1. Fit and tack components.

Select required fitting equipment


Dogs and wedges
Clamps
Jigs and fixtures
Hydraulic porta-power
Hand tools
Welding process and consumables
Organize work in sequential order
Fitting techniques
Use of fitting equipment
Tack techniques
Distortion control
Follow specifications

2. Weld weldment.

Preheating procedures
Welding procedures
Welding symbols

3. Finish final product.

Conforms to dimensions
Conforms to specifications

NOTE: Suggest a minimum of two shop projects, one of which must be from the test
projects.
Achievement Criteria:
Given a practical project to fabricate a weldment using selected processes and materials, the
learner will be assessed using 70% as the passing criteria.

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LINE N:

PERFORMS SUBMERGED ARC WELDING PROCESS (SAW)

Competency:

N-1

Describe SAW Process and Equipment

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe the SAW process and equipment.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Describe SAW.

Principles of operation
Advantages and disadvantages of SAW
Quality of end product

2.

Describe equipment for SAW


process.

Automated and semi-automated SAW


equipment
Power sources
Cooling systems
Current characteristics
Duty cycle
Cable sizes
Wire feeders
Guns
Drive rolls
Contact tips
Nozzles
Flux hoppers
Drive systems
Match equipment to application
Base metal thickness

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on describing the SAW process and equipment, the learner will
demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 7 questions or more.

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LINE N:

PERFORMS SUBMERGED ARC WELDING PROCESS (SAW)

Competency:

N-2

Describe Consumables and Fluxes

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe consumables and fluxes as required for the SAW.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Select consumables.

Electrode wires/fluxes
Flux recovery systems
Storage requirements for flux and
electrode wires
Handling of fluxes and electrode wires
Match consumables to welding process

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on describing consumables and fluxes as required for the SAW, the
learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 7 questions or more.

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LINE N:

PERFORMS SUBMERGED ARC WELDING PROCESS (SAW)

Competency:

N-3

Describe Operating Parameters

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to describe the operating parameters for SAW.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Select operating parameters.

Direct current
Polarity
Alternating current
Wire feed speed (current)
Wire stick out
Current characteristics
Voltage characteristics
Follow manufacturers
recommendations
Make required adjustments

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on describing the operating parameters for SAW, the learner will
demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 7 questions or more.

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LINE N:

PERFORMS SUBMERGED ARC WELDING PROCESS (SAW)

Competency:

N-4

Set Up SAW Equipment

Learning Objectives:
The learner will be able to set-up SAW equipment.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Set up SAW equipment.

Welding cable sizes


Manufacturers recommendations
Set-up procedures
Connect cables to proper polarity

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on setting up SAW equipment, the learner will demonstrate
knowledge by correctly answering 7 questions or more.

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LINE N:

PERFORMS SUBMERGED ARC WELDING PROCESS (SAW)

Competency:

N-5

Use the SAW Process to Weld Fillet Welds on Low Carbon


Steel Plate

Learning Objectives:
The learner will observe the welding of a fillet weld in the 1F position on tee joints on low
carbon steel plate operating SAW equipment.
LEARNING TASKS

CONTENT

1.

Weld fillet welds in the flat (1F)


position on tee joint.

Required task-specific PPE


Ventilation requirements
Equipment shutdown procedures
Weld bead sequence
Characteristics of electrodes and fluxes
during welding process
Manipulate head
Remove flux
Remove slag
Detect flaws
Adjust working parameters

Achievement Criteria:
Given a 10 question test on the welding of a fillet weld in the 1F position on tee joints on low
carbon steel plate, the learner will demonstrate knowledge by correctly answering 7 questions
or more.

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SECTION 3
TRAINING PROVIDER STANDARDS

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RECOMMENDED REFERENCE TEXTBOOKS


WELDER TRAINING PROGRAM: PACKAGE LEVEL C (CPUB230M)
(7960000058) Toll Free: 1-800-663-6105
Queens Printer Web: http://www.publications.gov.bc.ca............ISBN 0-7719-1783Package includes:
Welder Training Program Level C Module/Line P01 Introduction and Program Orientation (MN1807)
(7960002678)
Welder Training Program Level C Module/Line P02 Oxy-fuel Cutting (MN1808)
(7960002679)
Welder Training Program Level C Module/Line P03 Gas Welding and Braze Welding (MN1809)
(7960002680)
Welder Training Program Level C Module/Line P04 Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW I) (MN1810)
(7960002681)
Welder Training Program Level C Module/Line P05 Air Carbon Arc Gouging (MN1811)
(7960002682)
Welder Training Program Level C Module/Line P06 Gas Metal Arc Welding (FMAW I) & Flux Cored Arc Welding
(FCAW I) (MN1812)
(7960002683)
Welder Training Program Level C Module/Line RK01 Material Handling (MN1813)
(7960002684)
Welder Training Program Level C Module/Line RK02A Blueprint Reading I (MN1814)
(7960002685)
Welder Training Program Level C Module/Line RK02B Mathematics (MN1815)
(7960002686)
Welder Training Program Level C Module/Line RK03 Welding Metallurgy I (MN1816)
(7960002687)
WELDING PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS
Fifth edition
By Larry Jeffus
Delmar Learning..ISBN 1-4018-1046-2
GMAW-P: PULSED SPRAY TRANSFER
Miller Electric Mfg. Co...1994, Revised 11/95
PROCEDURE HAND BOOK OF ARC WELDING DESIGN AND PRACTICE
Lincoln Electric Company
PIPE FITTER'S AND WELDER'S POCKET MANUAL
all new 2nd edition
Audel ..ISBN 0-7645-4205-2 LB
THE PROCEDURE HANDBOOK OF ARC WELDING
14th edition
The James F. Lincoln Welding Foundation

WEBSITES
www.weldinginspectionsvcs.com
www.linclonwelders.com
www.hobartwelders.com
www.millerwelds.com
www.worksafebc.com/publications/default.asp
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WELDER C TRAINING PROVIDER STANDARDS


INSTRUCTORS
Trade Qualification
Level A welder with an Inter-Provincial Red-Seal endorsement
Work Experience
Must have a minimum of 5 years experience as a journeyperson
Must have diverse industry experience including code work such as shop
fabrication, heavy construction, and maintenance/repair (ASME or CSA
W59)
Training Qualifications
Instructors Certificate (minimum 30 hr course)
Instructors must have or be registered in an Instructors Diploma Program,
to be completed within a five year period
Or, hold a Bachelors or Masters degree in Education

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

INSPECTORS for Practical Examinations


All final practical fabrication and welding tests as listed in the appendices to
be assessed by a Certified Welding Inspector

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WELDER C TRAINING PROVIDER STANDARDS FACILITIES


Classroom Area
Comfortable seating and tables suitable for training, teaching, lecturing
Compliance with all local and national fire code and occupational safety
Requirements
Lighting controls to allow easy visibility of projection screen while also
allowing students to take notes
Windows must have shades or blinds to adjust sunlight
Heating / Air conditioning for comfort all year round
In-room temperature regulation to ensure comfortable room temperature.
In-room ventilation sufficient to control training room temperature.
Acoustics in the room must allow audibility of the instructor
White marking board with pens and eraser (optional: flipchart in similar
size)
Projection screen or projection area at front of classroom.
Overhead projector and/or multi-media projector
SHOP AREA (fixed properties)
One welding booth per student (minimum booth size must be 6 x 6) fully

equipped with:
o Industrial grade multi-process welding power source or equipment
suitable for all Level C required welding processes
o Welding table (minimum recommended size 18 x 20)
o One height adjustable positioning arm
o One 115 volt receptacle or pneumatic air supply for grinders
o Ventilation as per WorkSafeBC standards
o Task lighting
Suitable demonstration area of approximately 7 x 14
Aisles size must be a minimum of 6 wide
The grinding and test coupon preparation area must be a minimum 300
square feet
Outside storage fenced area of 2000 square feet (including a secured
cylinder storage area)
Ceiling shall be a minimum height of 16 or as varied by good engineering
practices and code

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STUDENT FACILITIES
Adequate lunch room as per WorkSafeBC requirements
Adequate washroom facilities as per WorkSafeBC requirements
Personal storage lockers

MINIMUM SHOP EQUIPMENT FOR LEVEL C TRAINING

one floor model drill press, hp minimum, x 8


one 3 x 6 work bench with two vices
one pedestal grinder, 12 x 2 stone
one pedestal belt sander with a minimum 3 belt
one floor model vertical band saw
one horizontal band saw
one abrasive chop saw
one guided bend test jig as per CSA W47.1 dimensional specifications
two track cutters
one 5 grinder per student (two recommendedone grinding, one bead brush)
four 7 grinders (electric or pneumatic) for general shop use
electrode stabilizing oven (minimum 250 lbs)
one semi-automatic or automatic submerged arc welder

Note: See booth equipment as outlined in Shop Area

OPTIONAL EQUIPMENTas per the NOA list


one press brake (minimum 4 x 12 gauge mechanical pan brake)
one x 4 hydraulic shear
one iron worker

HOISTING AND RIGGING EQUIPMENT


one ton overhead jib crane or overhead crane
rigging hardware--shackles, cable clamps, swivels, eyebolts, turn buckles, snatch
blocks, etc.
plate clamps
chain, wire rope and synthetic slings
come-alongs (chain and cable)
connectors
tirfor jacks
chain fall

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Welder C Tools and Equipment


(As recommended in the National Occupational Analysis)
Basic Tools and Equipment
Adjustable wrenches (various sizes)
Allen wrenches (metric and imperial)
Ammeter
Bench vise
Broom
Brushes (various bristle brushes for cleaning
and scrubbing)
C clamps
Chain hoists
Chalk line
Chokers
Cold chisels (various sizes)
Combination wrenches (metric and imperial)
Come-alongs
Cylinder carts
Cylinder cradles
Dollies
Electric cords
Files (flat, half-round, rat-tail, bastard)
Flashlight
Friction lighter
Funnels
Hack saw
Hammers (chipping, ball peen, claw, sledge,
various sizes)
Hand shears
Jacks
Knives
Ladders
Magnets
Metal markers
Mop

Oil can
Pails (plastic and metal)
Paint brushes
Pipe cutter
Pipe wrenches
Pliers (needle nose, slip joint)
Positioners
Pry bars
Punches
Rollers
Scaffolding (safety)
Scrapers (various sizes)
Screwdrivers (flat, Phillips, Robertson,
various sizes)
Shovels (flat mouthed)
Slings
Snips (heavy duty sheet metal cutting)
Soapstone markers
Socket sets (metric and imperial)
Soldering iron
Stamping tools
Temperature sticks
Tip cleaners
Tool boxes
Vice grips
Vices (chain vice, pipe vice)
Water hose
Wire brush
Wire cutter
Wrench sets (open and closed ends, both
metric and imperial)

Measuring Tools
Calculator
Calipers
Depth gauge
Feeler gauges
Fillet gauges
Laser level
Torpedo level
Micrometer
Plumb bob
Welder Level C Program Outline Industry Training Authority

Scribers
Spirit level
Squares
Stop watch
Straight edges
Tape measure
Tri squares
Vernier calipers
Welding gauges
147

Testing Equipment
Adapter fittings
Ammeter
Calibrating gauges
Pressure difference gauges

Pressure gauge kit


Temperature gauges
Temperature sticks

Power Tools and Equipment


Air hose and nozzle
Air monitoring device
Arc welder
Oxy-fuel cutting equipment
Band saw
Buffers
Chop saw (cut-off saw)
Circular saw
Coil heating equipment
Compressors
Cranes (overhead, gantry-type, monorail,
boom)
Drills (portable, magnetic base, drill press)
Electric drills
Electronic measuring device (hand-held
electronic tape measure type)
Feeders-wire
Fork lifts
Gas detector
Grinders (wire brush, angle grinders)
Guns-welding
Hammer drill
Hand-held and stationary radios
Headphones
Heated hoppers
Heaters (electric, natural gas, oil, propane)
Heating torch
Hydraulic press brake

Hydraulic shear
Hydrostatic equipment
Impact wrenches (electric or pneumatic)
Nibblers
Ovens
Oxyacetylene brazing torch
Oxyacetylene cutting torch
Pipe-bevelling machine
Pipe cutters
Plasma console
Pneumatic equipment
Power hack saw
Power vice
Propane torch
Reamer (hand held or mounted on power
threader)
Reciprocating saw
Routers
Sand-blast equipment
Sanders
Scissor lift
Testing pump
Torches
Vacuum (wet/dry)
Winches
Wire wheel (body grinder or angle grinder
with wire brush)

Hoisting and Lifting Equipment


Cable clamps
Chain block hoist
Chains
Chokers
Come-alongs (chain or cable)
Connectors
Forklift
Overhead hoist
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Portable boom
Rope
Slings
Spreader bars
Stands
Supports
Tuggers

148

Safety Equipment
Air hoods
Aprons
Body harness
Boots
Coveralls
Ear-plugs and muffs
Face shields
Fire blankets
Fire extinguishers

Fire hoses
Gloves
Goggles
Masks (particle, vapour)
Respirators
Safety glasses
Safety helmet
Welding shield

Resource Material
Code books
Drawings
Engineering specifications
Job schedules
Manufactures specifications, manuals, and
charts
Material Safety Data Sheets
Packing slips
Pamphlets

Prints
Regulatory information
Safety manuals
Service bulletins
Shop manuals
Specifications
Weigh bills
Written informational or instructional material

Air hoods
Aprons
Body harness
Boots
Coveralls
Ear-plugs and muffs
Face shields
Fire blankets
Fire extinguishers
Fire hoses
Gloves
Goggles
Masks (particle, vapour)
Respirators
Safety glasses
Safety helmet
Welding shield

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GUIDELINES FOR PRACTICAL EXAMINATIONS


Contact the Industry Training Authority program development department to
obtain original electronic copies of all documents. This will allow enlargement of
drawings and facilitate multiple copies of forms.
Applicants who are not familiar with the facility used for practical examinations
will require safety orientation and/or instruction.
Each Apprentice will be required to successfully complete one of the practical
(fabrication) examinations and all 3 welding tests.
Apprentices should consult with their Instructor when they feel that they are
ready to attempt a Final Practical Examination or a final Weld Test.
Applicants who are unsuccessful on their first attempt at a Final Practical
Examination will be issued a different Final Practical Examination for their second
attempt.
Applicants who are unsuccessful on their attempt at all of the 3 enclosed Final
Practical Examinations will be required to upgrade in the applicable area(s) of
error.

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Appendix One
WELDER LEVEL C
PROGRAM
Final Practical Examination #1

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FINAL PRACTICAL EXAMINATION #1


MATERIAL LIST
MARK

QTY

SYM

DESCRIPTION

LENGTH

REMARKS

PL

10mm x 310mm

410mm

Cut to Suit

1a

PL

Cut From Mark #1

Cut to Suit

1b

PL

Cut From Mark #1

Cut to Suit

HSS

102mm x 102mm x 6mm

102

PIPE

80mm (3std)

76mm

INSTRUCTIONS:
1)

All cutting to be done with the OFC process.

2)

No grinding (unless noted) chip only.

3)

Parts 1, 1a, and 1b to be cut from the same plate.

4)

DO NOT WELD any components until assembly is completely fit and tacked.

5)

DO NOT WELD show Inspector prior to tacking to positioning arm.

6)

Tack assembly to positioning arm in welding booth where indicated and show
Inspector.

7)

Weld in position DO NOT MOVE

8)

When complete show Inspector for evaluation.

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Final Practical Examination #1 Evaluation Sheet (Page 1 of 2)


Welder Name:_________________________________
Registration #:________________________________
Date (dd/mm/yyyy): ________________________________
NOTE:
P (pass) = Acceptable Performance
F (fail) = Unacceptable Performance
Check the Appropriate Box
All areas must indicate a pass or final result
is a fail.

STUDENT WORK HABITS:

PASS

personal protective equipment


job planning

FAIL

NOTE:
In this Area
3 out of 3 indicates a PASS

layout techniques
TOTAL:

STUDENT SKILLS:
Flame Cutting;
edges sharp and square
drag Line vertical
nicks or gouges

NOTE:
In this Area
3 out of 3 indicates a PASS

TOTAL:

SMAW Quality:
accurate weld sizes
acceptable weld contours
undercut

NOTE:
In this Area
6 out of 8 indicates a PASS

cold lap
porosity
lack of fusion
spatter
consistency of welds
TOTAL:

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GMAW Quality:
accurate weld sizes
acceptable weld contours
undercut

NOTE:
In this Area
6 out of 8 indicates a PASS

cold lap
porosity
lack of fusion
spatter
consistency of welds
TOTAL:

GMAW-P Quality:
accurate weld sizes
acceptable weld contours
undercut

NOTE:
In this Area
6 out of 8 indicates a PASS

cold lap
porosity
lack of fusion
spatter
consistency of welds
TOTAL:

COMPLETED WELDMENT:
distortion
dimensionally correct
conforms to drawing

NOTE:
In this Area
2 out of 3 indicates a PASS

TOTAL:

Final Result: Pass / Fail

Inspector: PRINT__________________________________

SIGN:_________________________________

NOTE: Record Results on Performance Results Sheet (PRS-C*)


*C Indicated Level C

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Appendix Two
WELDER LEVEL C
PROGRAM
Final Practical Examination #2

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FINAL PRACTICAL EXAMINATION #2


MATERIAL LIST
MARK

QTY

SYM

DESCRIPTION

LENGTH

REMARKS

PL

10mm x 285mm

285mm

Cut to Suit

1a

PL

Cut From Mark #1

1b

PL

Cut From Mark #1

76mm Dia

HSS

152mm x 152mm x 6mm

366

PIPE

80mm (3 std)

203mm

PL

6mm x 140mm

140mm

Cut to Suit

Cut to Length

INSTRUCTIONS:
1)

All cutting to be done with the OFC process.

2)

No grinding (unless noted) chip only.

3)

Parts 1, 1a, and 1b to be cut from the same plate.

4)

DO NOT WELD any components until assembly is completely fit and tacked.

5)

DO NOT WELD show Inspector prior to tacking to positioning arm.

6)

Tack assembly to positioning arm in welding booth where indicated and show
Inspector.

7)

Weld in position DO NOT MOVE

8)

When complete show Inspector for evaluation.

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Final Practical Examination #2 Evaluation Sheet (Page 1 of 2)


Welder Name:_________________________________
Registration #:________________________________
Date (dd/mm/yyyy): ________________________________
NOTE:
P (pass) = Acceptable Performance
F (fail) = Unacceptable Performance
Check the Appropriate Box
All areas must indicate a pass or final result
is a fail.

STUDENT WORK HABITS:

PASS

personal protective equipment


job planning

FAIL

NOTE:
In this Area
3 out of 3 indicates a PASS

layout techniques
TOTAL:

STUDENT SKILLS:
Flame Cutting;
edges sharp and square
drag Line vertical
nicks or gouges

NOTE:
In this Area
3 out of 3 indicates a PASS

TOTAL:

SMAW Quality:
accurate weld sizes
acceptable weld contours
undercut

NOTE:
In this Area
6 out of 8 indicates a PASS

cold lap
porosity
lack of fusion
spatter
consistency of welds
TOTAL:

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GMAW Quality:
accurate weld sizes
acceptable weld contours
undercut

NOTE:
In this Area
6 out of 8 indicates a PASS

cold lap
porosity
lack of fusion
spatter
consistency of welds
TOTAL:

FCAW Quality:
accurate weld sizes
acceptable weld contours
undercut

NOTE:
In this Area
6 out of 8 indicates a PASS

cold lap
porosity
lack of fusion
spatter
consistency of welds
TOTAL:

COMPLETED WELDMENT:
distortion
dimensionally correct
conforms to drawing

NOTE:
In this Area
2 out of 3 indicates a PASS

TOTAL:

Final Result: Pass / Fail

Inspector: PRINT__________________________________

SIGN:_________________________________

NOTE: Record Results on Performance Results Sheet (PRS-C*)


*C Indicated Level C

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Appendix Three
WELDER LEVEL C
PROGRAM
Final Practical Examination #3

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FINAL PRACTICAL EXAMINATION #3


MATERIAL LIST
MARK

QTY

SYM

DESCRIPTION

LENGTH

REMARKS

PL

10mm x 285mm

500mm

Cut to Suit

1a

PL

Cut From Mark #1

Cut to Suit

1b

PL

Cut From Mark #1

Cut to Suit

1c

PL

Cut From Mark #1

Cut to Suit

PIPE

150mm (6std)

51mm

INSTRUCTIONS:
1)

All cutting to be done with the OFC process.

2)

No grinding (unless noted) chip only.

3)

Parts 1, 1a, 1b, and 1c to be cut from the same plate.

4)

DO NOT WELD any components until assembly is completely fit and tacked.

5)

DO NOT WELD show Inspector prior to tacking to positioning arm.

6)

Tack assembly to positioning arm in welding booth where indicated and show
Inspector.

7)

Weld in position DO NOT MOVE

8)

When complete show Inspector for evaluation.

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Final Practical Examination #3 Evaluation Sheet (Page 1 of 2)


Welder Name:_________________________________
Registration #:________________________________
Date (dd/mm/yyyy): ________________________________
NOTE:
P (pass) = Acceptable Performance
F (fail) = Unacceptable Performance
Check the Appropriate Box
All areas must indicate a pass or final result
is a fail.

STUDENT WORK HABITS:

PASS

personal protective equipment


job planning

FAIL

NOTE:
In this Area
3 out of 3 indicates a PASS

layout techniques
TOTAL:

STUDENT SKILLS:
Flame Cutting;
edges sharp and square
drag Line vertical
nicks or gouges

NOTE:
In this Area
3 out of 3 indicates a PASS

TOTAL:

SMAW Quality:
accurate weld sizes
acceptable weld contours
undercut

NOTE:
In this Area
6 out of 8 indicates a PASS

cold lap
porosity
lack of fusion
spatter
consistency of welds
TOTAL:

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GMAW Quality:
accurate weld sizes
acceptable weld contours
undercut

NOTE:
In this Area
6 out of 8 indicates a PASS

cold lap
porosity
lack of fusion
spatter
consistency of welds
TOTAL:

FCAW Quality:
accurate weld sizes
acceptable weld contours
undercut

NOTE:
In this Area
6 out of 8 indicates a PASS

cold lap
porosity
lack of fusion
spatter
consistency of welds
TOTAL:

COMPLETED WELDMENT:
distortion
dimensionally correct
conforms to drawing

NOTE:
In this Area
2 out of 3 indicates a PASS

TOTAL:

Final Result: Pass / Fail

Inspector: PRINT__________________________________

SIGN:_________________________________

NOTE: Record Results on Performance Results Sheet (PRS-C*)


*C Indicated Level C

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Appendix Four
WELDER LEVEL C
PROGRAM
Final Weld Test - #1

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Level "C" Weld Test #1

Performance Test Procedure (PTP) #1


Position
Processes
1G&3G
FCAW / AAC / OFC

Joint Design (CSA-W59)

Suggested Weld Pass Sequence

GTSM
5mm
(3/16")

0
60

1
2
3

Base Metals (CSA-G40.21)


Specification Type and Grade
CSA G40.21 Gr 44W / A36

to
to

Specification Type and Grade


CSA G40.21 Gr 44W / A36

Filler Metal
(CSA-W48.5)

FCAW

CSA Classification:
AWS Classification:
Size of Filler Metal

E 491 T-9
E 71 T-9
1.2mm (.045")

Shielding:
Trailing:
Backing:

N/A
1G&3G
1G&3G
Up: Yes

String or Weave:
Stringer Root Weave Fill and Cap
Gas Cup Size:
1/2" or 5/8"
Interpass Cleaning: Chip and Wire Wheel

GMAW

GTAW

Position (CSA-W47.1)
Position of Fillet:
Position of Groove:
Position of Joint:
Weld Progression:

Shielding Gas

Composition
Gas
C0 2
N/A
N/A

Mixture
100%
N/A
N/A

Flow Rate
35 CFH
N/A
N/A

Technique (CSA-W47.1)

Down: N/A

Instructions
Base Metal: 13mm x 250mm x 250mm (1/2" x 10" x 10")
1) Manually flame cut plate into two pieces 125mm x 250mm (5" x 10")
2) Tack plates ensuring proper alignment
3) Present assembly to Inspector for visual inspection and stamping
4) Weld arrow side in 1G position (one pass only)
5) Back gouge otherside present to Inspector for visual inspection (no grinding)
6) Tack assembly to positioning arm and weld otherside in 3G position up hill
7) Clean weld areas with chipping hammer and wire brush only and present to Inspector for visual inspection
8) Flame cut four 10mm (3/8") coupons as marked by Inspector. Use a grinder to prepare coupons for guided
bend test (side bends)
9) Present coupons for guided bend test

INSPECTORS NOTE: Results for all bend tests to be recorded on Performance Results Sheet (PRS-C)
*C Indicates Level C*
SEE WELD ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA ON FINAL PAGE.

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Appendix Five
WELDER LEVEL C
PROGRAM
Final Weld Test - #2

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Level "C" Weld Test #2

Performance Test Procedure (PTP) #2


Position
Processes
3G
GMAW / OFC

Joint Design (CSA-W59)

Suggested Weld Pass Sequence

3 m m (1 /8 ")
60

3
2
1

Base Metals (CSA-G40.21)


Specification Type and Grade
CSA G40.21 Gr 44W / A36

Filler Metal
(CSA-W48.5)

FCAW

CSA Classification:
AWS Classification:
Size of Filler Metal

to
to
GMAW

Specification Type and Grade


CSA G40.21 Gr 44W / A36
GTAW

ER 49 S-6
ER 70 S-6
.9mm (.035")

Position (CSA-W47.1)
Position of Fillet:
Position of Groove:
Position of Joint:
Weld Progression:

Shielding Gas
Shielding:
Trailing:
Backing:

Composition
Gas
C0 2
N/A
N/A

Mixture
100%
N/A
N/A

Flow Rate
30 CFH
N/A
N/A

Technique (CSA-W47.1)
N/A
3G
3G
Up:

String or Weave:
Gas Cup Size:
Interpass Cleaning:
Up

Stringer Root, Weave Fill and Cap


3/8" or 1/2"
Wire Wheel

Down: Yes

Instructions
Base Metal: 10mm x 200mm x 200mm (3/8" x 8" x 8")
1) Machine flame cut plate into two pieces 100mm x 200mm (4" x 8")
2) After flame cutting bevels clean using a grinder
3) Tack plates ensuring proper alignmnent
4) Present assembly to Inspector for visual inspection and stamping
5) Tack assembly to positioning arm for welding in the 3G position (assembly must remain in this position until all
welding is complete)
6) Root pass DOWN Fill and Cap UP
7) Clean weld areas with wire brush and present to Inspector for visual inspection
8) Flame cut three 38mm (1 1/2") coupons as marked by Inspector. Use a grinder to prepare coupons for guided
bend test (two root, one face)
9) Present coupons for guided bend test

INSPECTORS NOTE: Results for all bend tests to be recorded on Performance Results Sheet (PRS-C*)
*C Indicates Level C
SEE WELD ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA ON FINAL PAGE.

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Appendix Six
WELDER LEVEL C
PROGRAM
Final Weld Test - #3

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Level "C" Weld Test #3

Performance Test Procedure (PTP) #3


Position
Processes
4 GF
SMAW / OFC

Joint Design (CSA-W59)

Suggested Weld Pass Sequence


R

13mm (1/2")
30

30

8 7 6
5 4 3
2 1

13mm (1/2")
6mm x 50mm x 300mm
(1/4" x 2" x 10") Flat Bar

Base Metals (CSA-G40.21)


Specification Type and Grade
CSA G40.21 Gr 44W / A36

to
to

Specification Type and Grade


CSA G40.21 Gr 44W / A36

Filler Metal
(CSA-W48.5)

SMAW

CSA Classification:
AWS Classification:
Size of Filler Metal

E 4918
E 7018
3.2mm (1/8")

Shielding:
Trailing:
Backing:

4F
4G
4GF
Up: N/A

String or Weave:

Stringers

Gas Cup Size:

N/A

Interpass Cleaning:

Chip and Wire Wheel

GMAW

GTAW

Position (CSA-W47.1)
Position of Fillet:
Position of Groove:
Position of Joint:
Weld Progression:

Shielding Gas

Composition
Gas
N/A
N/A
N/A

Mixture
N/A
N/A
N/A

Flow Rate
N/A
N/A
N/A

Technique (CSA-W47.1)

Down:

N/A

Instructions
Base Metal: 10mm x 150mm x 150mm (3/8" x 6" x 6")
1) Machine flame cut plate into two pieces 75mm x 150mm (3" x 6")
2) Tack plates ensuring proper alignment.
3) Two Tacks on each side of flat bar on the back side of assembly (tacks to be 1 1/2" long equally spaced)
4) Present assembly to Inspector for visual inspection and stamping
5) Tack assembly to positioning arm for welding in the 4G position (assembly must remain in this position until all welding
is complete)
6) Weld fillet weld to point indicated by Inspector stop chip and clean
7) Weld groove weld to point indicated by Inspectror, stop chip and clean (weld progression must be in the same direction)
8) Have Inspector witness stop points of both fillet and groove welds before proceeding with fill and cap
9) Clean weld areas with chipping hammer and wire brush only and present to Inspector for visual inspection
10) Flame cut three 38mm (1 1/2") coupons as marked by Inspector. Use a grinder to prepare coupons for guided
bend test (two root, one face)
11) Present coupons for guided bend test

INSPECTORS NOTE: Results for all bend tests to be recorded on Performance Results Sheet (PRS-C*)

*C Indicates Level C
SEE WELD ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA ON FINAL PAGE.

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Appendix Seven
WELDER LEVEL C
PROGRAM
Achievement Criteria for
Final Weld Test

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Level C Final Weld Tests

PRS-C

Welder Name:_________________________________
Registration #:________________________________

Using PASS or FAIL


Fill in the Appropriate Box

Test #1
Guided Bend Test Type
Side
Side
Side
Visual Inspection:

Side Bend Results

Root & Face Bend Results

Inspector: Print_________________________ Initial_______


Test #2
Guided Bend Test Type
Two Root
Two Face
Visual Inspection:

Side Bend Results

Root & Face Bend Results

Inspector: Print_________________________ Initial_______


Test #3
Guided Bend Test Type
Two Root
One Face
Visual Inspection:

Side Bend Results

Root & Face Bend Results

Inspector: Print_________________________ Initial_______


Final Practical Examination
Test # Attempted

Results

Results: Pass/Fail

Testing Institution:______________________________________
Date:______________________________________ (mm/dd/yyyy)

Institution Representative:_____________________________________________________
Print

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Weld Acceptance Criteria


Evaluation Criteria
It is expected that the welder will perform welds that meet the requirements of Canadian Standards
Association W59 Welded Steel Construction (Metal Arc Welding) Section 12.5.4 Quality-of welds for
Dynamically Loaded Structures.
Inspection of welds will be broken down onto two categories, Structural (Lap, Tee and Corner) and
Groove Welds (Open root and Backing strip). The Open root Groove Welds will be expected to meet the
requirements of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Section IX.
Non-destructive inspection (NDT) is the term used to evaluate welds without destroying their
usefulness. At this level the following methods of NDT will be used:
1.
2.
3.

Visual used 100%


Penetrant may be used at Inspectors discretion for spot (random) checks
Magnetic Particle may be used at Inspectors discretion for spot (random) checks

Destructive Testing is the term used to test welds for soundness by taking a sample specimen from
the weld and damage it beyond use. The following methods will be used:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Guided bend test used on butt joints


Nick break test used on butt joints
Fillet weld fractures random checks
Etching random checks or class interactive discussion
Visual Criteria for Weld acceptance

Type of Discontinuity
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Porosity
Slag inclusions
Incomplete fusion
Incomplete penetration
Roll over
Undercut
max depth
max length
max space between
7. Insufficient throat
8. Weld reinforcement
min
max
9. Insufficient leg
10. Lack of fusion
11. Cracks

Fillet

Butt/groove

none
none
none
max 2 mm per 56 mm
none

none
none
none
none
none

0.25
2 mm
20 mm
none

0.25 mm
2 mm
20 mm
none

nominal fillet size


*
none
none
none

flush
3 mm
N/A
none
none

* Convexity of the surface bead shall not exceed 0.07 times the actual face width of the weld respectively
plus 1.5 mm

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In addition to the above requirements, the weld being inspected for visual pass must display the
following:

Straight and uniform toes


Consistency of Freeze line (ripples) overlap. Consistent and regular in appearance. Correct
alignment
Absence of stray arc strikes Absence of distortion
All welds shall have equal leg lengths unless otherwise specified

Welding Coupon Preparation for Destructive Face and Root Bend Tests
Tools and Equipment

Combination square
Soap stone
Stamps
Hammer

Grinder
Guided bend jig
Oxy-fuel cutting equipment

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Coupon Preparation
1.
2.
3.

For back-up strip groove welds remove backing with AAC or OFC equipment (ensure that you
do not gouge into base metal of weldment).
Flame cut the required number and size of coupons from weldment (ensure that you maintain
proper width dimension of coupon).
On each coupon de-slag and grind a maximum 3.2 mm (1/8) radius on all corners.
Root Coupon Grind down reinforcement of cap to the point where there is still evidence of
toes of weld. Grind root side flush and polish/dress with the (grinding, sanding, filing) lines
running parallel with the coupon length ways.
Face coupon Grind down root flush to the point where there is still evidence of toes of weld.
Grind face flush and polish/dress with (grinding, sanding, filing) lines run parallel with the
coupon lengthways.

Visual Inspection Criteria for Face, Root, and Side Bends


Contact the Inspector who will inspect your coupon in accordance with CSA W47.1 for back-up strip welds
and ASME Section 1X for open root welds, as follows:

Root, face, and side bend tests shall be examined for the presence of cracks or other open
discontinuity exceeding 3 mm (1/8) in any direction in present after bending, shall have failed.
Cracks appearing at the corners or the specimen during testing shall be disregarded unless there is
definite evidence that they result from slag inclusions or other external defects.

In addition to:

The weld and heat-affected zone of the transverse weld bend specimen shall be completely within
the bent portion of the specimen after testing.

The weld and heat-affected zone of the transverse weld bend specimen shall be completely within
the bent portion of the specimen after testing.

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