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TUGAS BAHASA INGGRIS

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Oleh:
Nama : M. Alvin Hadi Afriza
Yoga Saputra
Kelas : VI. C
TAHUN PELAJARAN 2016-2017
SD NEGERI 77 PALEMBANG

16 Tenses dalam Bahasa Inggris


Tenses merupakan perubahan kata kerja berdasarkan urutan waktu.
Itu yang membedakan Bahasa kita, Bahasa Indonesia dengan Bahasa
inggris. Dalam Bahasa Indonesia tidak ada perubahan kata kerja
meskipun kejadiannya berlangsung kemarin, sekarang atau besok. Tenses
dibagi menjadi PRESENT ( Sekarang ), PAST ( Lampau ), dan FUTURE
( Akan Datang ). Dan jumlah keseluruhannya ada 16 Tenses
1. Simple Present
(+) S + V1 (+es/s)
e.g: Sun Rises from east (matahari terbit dari timur).
(-) S + Do/Does + not +V1
e.g: I dont know where to go.
(?) Do/Does + not + S + V1? e.g: Do you speak English (apakah kamu berbahasa
Inggris?)
Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan kebenaran mutlak. seperti contoh nomor 1.
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan rutin. e.g: I go to school everyday
2. Present Continuous.
(+) S + am/is/are + Ving
e.g: I am going to your home tomorrow
(-) S + am/is/are + not + Ving e.g: I am not crying
(?) Am/is/are + S + Ving?
e.g: Are you still waiting for some one?
Fungsi:
Menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sedang berlangsung
Menunjukkan Pekerjaan yang pasti dilakukan di masa yang akan datang (contoh
nomor 1)
3. Present Perfect
(+) S + have/has + V3
e.g: Peter has gone just now.
(-) S + have/has + not + V3
e.g: I have not done my home work yet.
(?) Have/has + S + V3?
e.g: Have you already taken a bath?
Fungsinya:
Menunjukkan pekerjaan yang telah usai pada saat sekarang.
4. Present Perfect Continuous
(+) S + have/has + been + Ving

e.g: It has been raining since at six oclock

(-) S + have/has + not + been + Ving

e.g:I havent been eating for whole day

(?) Have/has + S + been + Ving


time?

e.g: Has she been waiting for me for a long this

Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sudah terjadi dan masih ada kemungkinan terjadi
sampai nanti.
5. Simple Past.
(+) S + V2 + O

e.g: I went to school alone yesterday.

(-) S + did + not + Inf (V1)

e.g: You didnt tell that you took my money yesterday.

(?) Did + S + Inf (V1)

e.g: Did you came home last year?

Fungsi:
Menunjukkan pekerjaan yang terjadi pada masa lampau, tanpa ingin menekankan
bahwa ia sedang, atau telah selesai melakukan pekerjaan tsb.
6. Past Continuous.
(+) S + was/were + Ving

e.g: I was sleeping when you came.

(-) S + was/were + not + Ving e.g: You werent listening to me when I was singing
(?) Was/were + S + Ving

e.g: Was she still reading while father called her?

Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sedang terjadi pada masa lampau, ketika
pekerjaan lain terjadi, baik pekerjaan lain itu menyela (seperti contoh nomor1) atau
terjadi bersama-sama (seperti contoh nomor 2).
7. Past Perfect.
(+) S + Had + V3

e.g: She had gone before you came

(-) S + Had + not + V3 e.g: I hadnt already taken a bath when you visit me
(?) Had + S + V3

e.g: had you already graduated from senior high school last

year?
Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang telah selesai ketika pekerjaan lain baru dimulai
pada masa lampau.
8. Past Perfect Continuous.
(+) S + had + been + Ving

e.g: Rooney had been playing football for 3 years till he

decided to stop last year.


(-) S+had+not+been+Ving e.g: I had not learning English for a year at 2010
(?) had+S+been+Ving

e.g: Had father been working at PT.Astra for 10 years

last year?
Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sudah terjadi pada masa lalu dan masih
berlangsung hingga waktu tertentu pada masa lampau.

9. Simple Future.
(+) S + will + Inf (V1)

e.g: I will always love you if you love

me to
(-) S + will+ not + Inf (V1) e.g: I wont let you go
(?) Will + S + Inf (V1)

e.g: will you come to my party?

Fungsinya:
Menunjukkan pekerjaan sederhana yang akan terjadi
Untuk membuat Conditional Sentence type I.
10. Future Continuous.
(+) S + will + be + Ving

e.g: he will be climbing Krakatau with

her friends on sunday


(-) S+ will + not + be + Ving e.g: I wont be traveling next week.
(?) Will + S + be + Ving

e.g: will you be still sleeping at 7 a.m

tomorrow morning?
Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sedang terjadi pada masa
yang akan datang.
11. Future Perfect.
(+) S + will + have + V3

e.g: he will have arrived by the end

of this month
(-) S + will + have + not + V3 e.g: he will not have slept at the
time you go home.
(?) Will + S + have + V3

e.g: will you have taken bath at 4

pm?
Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang telah selesai di masa yang
akan datang.
12. Future Perfect Continuous.
(+) S+will+have+been+Ving,

e.g: he will have been working

for 3 hours at 9 am tomorrow.


(-) S+will+have+not+been+Ving, e.g: she will have not been
traveling for 3 weeks next sunday.
(?) Will+S+have+been+Ving,
the sea for 3 hours at mid day?
Fungsi:

e.g: will you have been diving in

Sama dengan Present Perfect Continuous, bedanya: kejadiannya


tidak sekarang tapi di masa depan.
13. Past Future.
(+): S + would + Infinitive/V1,

e.g: I would have gone if you

didnt prevent me.


(-): S + would + not + Infinitive/V1, e.g: You would not come to your
party yesterday, whatever happened.
(?): Would + S + Infinitive/V1,

e.g: would you attend my

wedding party if I invited you?


Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang akan dilakukan pada masa
lampau.
Untuk membuat kalimat Conditional Sentence Type II.
14. Past Future Continuous.
(+) S + would + be + Ving

e.g: When I was born, He would

be working at this company for 2 years


(-) S + would + not + be + Ving

e.g: You would not be walking

alone, if I were not sick.


(?) Would + S + be + Ving

e.g: would you be standing by

me, if I slept yesterday?


Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang akan sedang dilakukan di
masa lampau.
15. Past Future Perfect.
(+) S + would + have + been + V3

e.g: This house would

have been painted if all workers had came yesterday.


(-) S + would + not + have + been + V3 e.g: It would not have
been finished by the end of last month.
(?) Would +S+ have+ been+ V3

e.g: Would he have been

delivered all my orders if I had paid my bill?


Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang akan sudah selesai dilakukan
pada masa lampau.
Untuk membuat kalimat Conditional Sentence Type III.
16. Past Future Perfect Continuous.
(+) S + would + have + been + V-ing

e.g: You would have

been sleeping
(-) S + would + not + have + been + V-ing e.g: She would not
have been crying
(?) Would + S + have + been + V-ing?

e.g: Would you have

living at London for 3 years last year?


Fungsi:
Untuk menunjukkan pekerjaan yang sedianya akan telah dilakukan
dan masih dilakukan pada masa lalu.

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