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SALES BULLETIN

Oilfield Processing
Measurement and Control
Oil and Gas Separation

Only the measurement and flow experts at


FMC Technologies can combine products, services
and expertise to provide a wide range of highly
accurate, well designed devices and systems required
for efficient, state-of-the-art oilfield techniques
used in todays fast-paced, competitive industry.

MEASUREMENT SOLUTIONS

We put you first.


And keep you ahead.

Overview
Proper separation design and function is a crucial component
to a well-managed oilfield and is totally dependent on the
types of wells within the field.
Crude oil wells often produce raw natural gas referred to
as associated gas. The gas can exist separately from the
crude oil in the underground formation or can be dissolved
in the crude oil.
Dry gas wells typically produce only raw natural gas that
does not contain any hydrocarbon liquids. Such gas is called
non-associated gas.
Condensate wells produce raw natural gas along with natural
gas liquids (ethane, propane, butane and so on). Such gas is
also non-associated gas and is often referred to as wet gas.
The ideal separator is designed to divide the wellstream into
liquid-free gas, gas-free liquid and produced water. Separator
operating conditions will vary depending on wellstream fluid
characteristics and flowing parameters. To achieve good,
stable separation, the liquid level and gas-liquid interfaces
should be controlled, along with temperature and pressure
control. Once separation is completed, accurate measurement
of the flowing streams (oil, gas and water) will account for
the products produced by the wells.
Selection of proper metering and control instrumentation is
critical to the management of the separator and the accurate
reporting of produced products.
Within the oilfield, the three most common applications for
separators are well testing, production and allocation.
The most common types of separators used are horizontal
and vertical two-phase, three-phase and two-phase cyclonetype seperators for well testing.

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and our preferred suppliers. We offer everything you
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quickly and on budget. FMC Technologies also
provides virtually maintenance-free products, along
with the right services and support to keep your wells
running, long-term.

Well Testing
Accurate measurement and control of each component of a

This emphasizes the need for very accurate measurement with

multiphase production stream, prior to comingling for further

precise temperature and pressure control and interface

processing, is necessary for the effective management of oil

in order to ensure proper separation within the test vessel.

and gas production and asset allocation. A typical installation

Conventional two-phase, three-phase, compact two-phase or

is normally designed to handle testing for multiple producing


wells with varying stream parameters and flowing conditions.

GLCC (Gas/Liquid Cyclonic Cylinder) separators can be used in


well testing applications.

3 PHASE SEPARATOR
THREE-Phase
Separator

PC

High Level
Switch

or

Temperature
Transmitter

or
Gas
Turbine
Meter

Pressure
Transmitter

Inlet

Coriolis
Flowmeter

INVALCO 4200

RATE

Gas
Outlet
GAS

Interface
Transmitter

or

Back Pressure
Valve

TOTAL

Interface
Controller

or
LC

OIL
WATER

OIL

LC

Liquid
Control Valve

or

or
Liquid
Turbine Meter

INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

RATE

Liquid
Turbine
Meter

Water
Cut
Probe

Mixer
INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

Liquid
Control Valve

Oil
Outlet

RATE

TWO-Phase Cyclonic Cylinder

TWO-Phase Separator
Gas
Turbine
Meter

Level
Controller

Coriolis
Flowmeter

Coriolis
Flowmeter

Water
Outlet

Level
Transmitter

INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

PC

RATE

Coriolis
Flowmeter
or
Coriolis
Flowmeter
Pressure
Transmitter

Temperature
Transmitter

GAS

Level
Transmitter

Back
Spring Loaded
Pressure or Back Pressure
Valve
Valve

Gas
Outlet

Temperature
Transmitter

High Level Switch

GAS

High Level
Switch

Inlet
or

Level
Controller

Block
Valve

Inlet

EMULSION

LC

EMULSION

Level
Transmitter

INVALCO 4200

Coriolis
Flowmeter

TOTAL

RATE

Gas Control Valve

Water
Cut
Probe

Liquid
Control
Valve

Gas
Outlet

Emulsion
Outlet

(Optional)

Emulsion
Outlet
Coriolis or Liquid
Flowmeter
Turbine
Meter

Liquid
Control Valve

Production
Bulk production separation is extremely critical. In oil and gas
processing, each process required for a given field has been
designed to handle the expected reservoir conditions. The
subsequent individual product streams coming from the bulk
production separator need to be within a product range that
the process can handle and pass on to the next process in the
sequence. If the separator does not perform to expectations,
there will be issues with every process in the sequence.

Therefore, it is essential that the separator be controlled to


allow for precise liquid/gas separation and accurate productstream measurement. The importance of the bulk production
separator system demands precise temperature, pressure and
level interface devices. The metering devices must be capable
of handling a wide range of product parameters and flow
conditions while maintaining accuracy.

3 PHASE SEPARATOR - PRODUCTION

THREE-Phase Separator
PC

or

Temperature
Transmitter

High Level
Switch

Coriolis
Flowmeter
or
Gas
Turbine
Meter

Pressure
Transmitter

Inlet

Interface
or
Controller
LC

Water
Outlet

Liquid
Control Valve
INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

RATE

Coriolis
Flowmeter

or
Liquid
Turbine Meter

or
Liquid
Turbine Meter

INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

PC

RATE

or
Coriolis
Flowmeter
Pressure
Transmitter

GAS

Level
Transmitter

Back
Spring Loaded
Pressure or Back Pressure
Valve
Valve

Gas
Outlet

High Level Switch


or

Level
Controller

Inlet
LC

EMULSION

INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

RATE

Emulsion
Outlet
Coriolis or Liquid
Flowmeter
Turbine
Meter

Gas
Outlet

Liquid
Control Valve

LC

OIL

Coriolis
Flowmeter

TWO-Phase Separator

Temperature
Transmitter

RATE

OIL
WATER

Gas
Turbine
Meter

TOTAL

Level
Transmitter or Level Controller

GAS
Interface
Transmitter

Back
Pressure
Valve

INVALCO 4200

Liquid
Control Valve
INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

RATE

Oil
Outlet

Allocation
allocation measurement must be capable of handling such
a variety while also maintaining accuracy.

In allocation, a separator's function is similar to a test


separator, because allocation measurement is used to
determine what portion of the total production from a field
can be attributed to each individual well or lease.

A heater treater is used as part of the oil production process


and separates oil from water, along with any solids from the
production stream, by using heat and retention time. The oil
from the heater treater can be measured for allocation and
transferred to oil storage for custody measurement.

Most fields have a wide variety of operating parameters and


flow conditions, which demand precise temperature, pressure
and level interface devices. The metering devices used in
3 PHASE SEPARATOR - ALLOCATION

THREE-Phase Separator
PC

or

Coriolis
Flowmeter
E
E

or

Interface
Controller

Back
Pressure
Valve

INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

RATE

GAS
Interface
Transmitter

+
+

Inlet

Esc

or
Gas
Turbine
Meter

Pressure
Transmitter

- Esc
-

Temperature
Transmitter

High Level
Switch

or
Level
Transmitter

Gas
Outlet

Level
Controller
LC

OIL
WATER

OIL

LC

Coriolis
Flowmeter

SP
Oil
Outlet

INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

RATE

Water
Outlet

or
Liquid
Control Valve

Coriolis or
Flowmeter

Liquid
Turbine
Meter

Liquid
Turbine Meter

Mixer

or

Sampler

PD
Meter

INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

RATE

Water
Cut
Probe

Liquid
Control Valve

HEATER TREATER
HEATER TREATER

Liquiphant
Vibronic
Level Switch

or

High Level
Switch

FUEL POT

PC

Out Gas

or
Temperature
Transmitter

or

OIL
or

Gas
Turbine
Meter

Pressure
Transmitter

Inlet

Interface
Transmitter

Coriolis
Flowmeter
Back
Pressure
Valve

INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

RATE

GAS

Level
or
Transmitter

Gas
Scrubber
Valve

Gas
Outlet

Liquid
Drain
Valve

Level Controller

Interface
Controller

Gas In

Liquid
Out
WATER
LC

LC

OIL
Coriolis
Flowmeter

Water
Outlet

Coriolis
Flowmeter

Liquid
Control Valve
INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

RATE

or
Liquid
Turbine Meter

or
Liquid
Turbine
Meter

INVALCO 4200

TOTAL

RATE

Liquid
Control Valve

or
PD
Meter

Oil
Outlet

Fuel Pots are designed to remove free


liquid from the instrument air/gas supply
line used to control pneumatic devices.
Sized properly, the fuel pot serves as a
volume pot to assure the end devices
have enough volume of supply to work
properly at maximum consumption.

Instruments
Levelflex FMP51

Levelflex FMP55

Liquiphant FTL8x

Liquicap FMI51

Continuous Level

Interface Level

Level Switch

Capacitive Level

Reliable measuring for changing


medias

Reliable measuring for interface with


emulsion

Overspill protection

Units are precalibrated for conductive


processes

High availability

High availability

Continuously self-monitoring

Integrated data memory

Integrated data memory

No calibration: quick, low-cost start-up

Factory precalibrated

Factory precalibrated

Intuitive, menu-guided operating


concept in national languages

Intuitive, menu-guided operating


concept in national languages

No mechanically moving parts: no


maintenance, no wear, long
operating life

Simple integration into control or asset


management systems

Simple integration into control or asset


management systems

Exact instrument and process


diagnosis to assist fast decisions

ATEX, IEC, EX, FM, CSA

Cerabar PMP71

TEMP TMT 162

TH13

Water Cut Probe and Monitor

Process Pressure

Temperature Transmitter

Temperature Sensors

Water Cut Probe and Monitor

Used for process pressure monitoring


up to SIL3, certified according to IEC
61508

Dual input temperature field


transmitter

TH13 assembly in thermowells with


spring loaded insert and enclosure

High reliability in harsh environments


due to dual compartment housing and
compact electronics

U.S. manufacturing of temperature


components and complete assemblies,
protection heat and insulating shields,
ceramic fiber sheath protection

Provides the highest possible


sensitivity, resolution and accuracy for
water content determination in crude
oil and natural gas condensate

Overload resistant and function


monitored
Continuous modularity for differential
pressure, hydrostatic and pressure

Easy integration

Extensive diagnostics functions

Deltabar PMD75

Deltabar FMD72

Differential Pressure

Electronic DP

Reduce backwash and contamination


by measuring pressure across debris
filters

Differential pressure measurement


is often used to measure the level in
pressurized and vacuum tanks

Robust ceramic sensors can handle


the toughest of applications

Traditional differential pressure


measurement using impulse lines and
capillaries have issues such as icing up,
clogging, leaky taps and dry/wet leg
inconsistencies

Overload resistant and function


monitored

All of these issues can lead to less


accuracy, process safety risks and
greater total cost of ownership
With the FMD72 Electronic DP systemall of these issues are eliminated

Liquiline CM442

Analytics
Simple, easy to maintain
measurement for detecting excess
oil in water, and thus validate the
operation of the separator
Memosens technology gives the user
actual run time hours. This along
with Sensor Check System can alert
for extreme coating and planned
maintenance verses reactionary

Built-in DAT chip stores calibration


data
Short measured value reaction time
Universal application
Fully insulated rod probe, for standard
and extreme process conditions

For water content up to 25%


Enhanced digital signal processing
and full product temperature
compensation

Flow Metering Technologies


Promass 83F & F 100

Promass 83E & E 100

Coriolis Meter

Coriolis Meter

Density calibration under process


conditions < 0.0005 g/cc

Density calibration under process


conditions < 0.0005 g/cc

Positive Displacement (PD) Meter

High accuracy even under varying,


demanding process conditions

High accuracy even under varying,


demanding process conditions

Streamlined flow path provides low


pressure drop

Superior zero stability

Low cost of ownership

Self-draining and compact low profile


design

Self-draining and compact low profile


design

Superior accuracy and measurement


stability

Application specific Quick Setup (83F)

Application specific Quick Setup (83E)

No electricity required

Heartbeat Technology (HBT)


on-board diagnostics and verification
tool (F 100)

Heartbeat Technology (HBT)


on-board diagnostics and verification
tool (E 100)

HistoROM for event, configuration


and data storage (F 100)

HistoROM for event, configuration


and data storage (E 100)

Low friction ball bearings, fixed camtype timing, and rugged construction
for sustained accuracy and long
service life

INVALCO WH Series

Prowirl 72F

Turbine Meter

Vortex Meter

INVALCO WH Oilfield Series Meter


utilizes a rugged durable three-piece
rotor/stator required for the extreme
oil patch demands

No zero-point drift (lifetime


calibration)

Wide flow, temperature, and pressure


range
Superior accuracy

High resistance to vibrations,


temperature shocks and
contaminated fluids
Optional meter body with integrated
line size reduction

Small in size and weight


Heavy duty stainless steel construction
for durability and long service life

INVALCO 400 Series

Ideal for temperature and pressure


applications such as separators,
heater treaters and free water
knockouts

Immune to paraffin build-up

Promag 55S

Smith Meter SC13 Series

Positive Displacement (PD) Meter


Streamlined flow path provides low
pressure drop
Superior accuracy and measurement
stability
Immune to paraffin build-up
No electricity required
Low friction ball bearings, fixed camtype timing, and rugged construction
for sustained accuracy and long
service life

INVALCO 500 Series

Electromagnetic Meter
High resistance to abrasion thanks
to industry-optimized linings and
measuring electrodes
No pressure loss
Insensitive to vibration
Software options for: electrode
cleaning, advanced diagnostics,
calculation of mass flow and solids
content

Back Pressure Valve


Maintains back pressure on vent lines
from separators, treaters, dehydrators,
compressor stations and gas
gathering systems
Internal sensing line reduces the
chance of blockage

High degree of efficiency due to the


modular device and operating concept

Flow Computer

INVALCO IMS 780

CT Series Flex Tube

microFlow.net Liquid or Gas Flow


Computer

Interface Management System

Displacer Type Level Controller

Excellent sensitivity and repeatability

Simple, reliable, and easy to maintain

Non-fouling probe

General purpose pilot enclosure is


suitable for many exposed applications

Sediment and water monitor input and


NSV calculation
Control Valve

Smith Meter Model E3 & F4

Automatically corrects volumes per API


MPMS Chapter 11.1-2004 and many
other tables
Temperature, pressure, and density
compensation and averaging

Convenient operator interface provides


visual status indication and greatly
reduced set-up time
Individually adjustable dual outputs
with time delay

All exhaust gas is vented inside and


then to the atmosphere through a
screened vent connection

Soft plug for tight shutoff

Network compatible

Double port construction for maximum


discharge rates

Interfaces with Proline Coriolis meters

Approved for use in hazardous


locations

Cover plate is gasketed and pressure


guages are of corrosion-resistant
materials

Customizable report formats

Probe length variations available

Weather proof pilot enclosure

Multi-level security access

We put you first.


And keep you ahead.

FMC Technologies
Measurement Solutions, Inc.
500 North Sam Houston Parkway West,
Suite 100
Houston, Texas 77067 USA
P:+1 281.260.2190

www.fmctechnologies.com/measurementsolutions
2014 FMC Technologies. All rights reserved.

SB0A016A6 Issue/Rev. 0.2 (3/14)

USA Operation
1602 Wagner Avenue
Erie, Pennsylvania 16510 USA
P: +1 814.898.5000