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Kebijakan unggulan pemerintah yang dikenal dengan

Kebijakan Satu Peta (KSP) atau One Map Policy (OMP),


tidak terlepas dengan pelaksanaan JIGN

Kebijakan Satu Peta (One Map Policy) Indonesia berawal di tahun 2010 ketika UKP4
menunjukkan kepada Presiden SBY peta tutupan hutan dari Kementerian Kehutanan dan
Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup yang berbeda.

Peta-peta yang diterbitkan oleh Kementerian Kehutanan dan Kementerian Lingkungan


Hidup menunjukkan cakupan hutan yang berbeda dalam daerah yang sama, sehingga
aneh jika dua kementerian mengeluarkan peta yang berbeda padahal temanya sama yaitu
tutupan hutan. Ini akan berimplikasi terhadap arahan kebijakan atau pengambilan
keputusan yang berbeda terhadap tutupan lahan dan hutan di Indonesia, padahal data
tersebut dibutuhkan untuk pengambilan kebijakan program perubahan iklim yang saat itu
akan dijalankan Indonesia dengan dukungan negara-negara lain.

Kebijakan Satu Peta, muncul pertama kali sejak Presiden RI Susilo Bambang
Yudhoyono, pada Rapat Kabinet 23 Desember 2010 yaitu:
"Saya ingin hanya satu peta saja sebagai satu-satunya referensi nasional!".
Selain daripada itu di dalam kenyataan penyelenggaraan informasi geospasial terdapat
beberapa kenyataan bahwa:
(1) banyak peta yang dibuat oleh berbagai K/L dengan spesifikasi sesuai kebutuhan
masing-masing,
(2) kebutuhan yang berbeda menyebabkan perbedaan spesifikasi informasi peta
tematik yang dapat menimbulkan kesimpangsiuran informasi, dan

(3) masih diperlukan mekanisme untuk menyatukan keberagaman menuju kesatuan


informasi geospasial dasar dan tematik nasional.

Kebijakan Satu Peta pertama kali dilaksanakan dengan dihasilkannya Peta Indikatif
Moratorium/ Penundaan Izin Baru di Hutan Alam Primer dan Lahan Gambut yang menjadi
lampiran pada Instruksi Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 10 Tahun 2011 Tentang
Penundaan Pemberian Izin Baru dan Penyempurnaan Tata Kelola Hutan Alam
Primer dan Lahan Gambut. Kebijakan ini untuk mendukung kebijakan nasional
menyeimbangkan dan menselaraskan pembangunan ekonomi, sosial, budaya dan
lingkungan serta upaya penurunan emisi gas rumah kaca yang dilakukan melalui
penurunan emisi dari deforestasi dan degradasi hutan.

DUKUNGAN KEBIJAKAN YANG LUGAS DARI PENGAMBIL KEBIJAKAN TERTINGGI TENTANG


PENYELENGGARAAN INFORMASI GEOSPASIAL

BIG, 2013

Informasi Geospasial dibutuhkan oleh semua institusi


pemerintah dan masyarakat untuk meningkatkan kualitas
perencanaan dan pengambilan keputusan di seluruh tingkatan
dan segala aspek dari pembangunan nasional.

22-23 November 2012

Kebijakan Satu peta diperlukan untuk menghindari perbedaan peta, dan untuk memastikan semua
peta tematik mengacu pada standar yang sama dari klasifikasi data dan sistem referensi geospasial.
Sekarang ini, karena kita tidak mempunyai One Map Policy (kebijakan satu peta) sehingga yang terjadi
adalah sebuah tumpang tindih (Jokowi, 2015).

UNCERTAINTY SITUATIONS:
Administrative Boundaries; Spatial Planning; Overlapping of Land Use Permits

Administrative
Boundary Issues

Spatial
Planning
Issues
Overlapping
of Land Use
Permit
Issues
Priyadi Kardono, 2016

OVERLAPPING OF LAND USE PERMITS (LICENSES) AT EAST KALIMANTAN


PROVINCE One Map Policy (OMP) is needed
Geospatial Database
Energy & Mineral Sector Permit
Forest Sector Permit
Forestry Cadastral

Land Sector Permit (Cadastral)

ESDM - Cadastral Forestry

ESDM Cadastral

Tanah Grogot

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

STANDARD PRODUCTS OF BASED GEOSPATIAL DATA :


Many Layers & Many Actors
More than one institutions produced and published the

?
?

same map without coordination;


Several maps were not created by authorized
institutions;
Different geospatial information was published such as
the number of islands and the size of forest areas;
Overlaps of land uses permits (licenses);
Base Geospatial Information was rarely used as the
basis for creating maps;
Satellite imageries for the same area were purchased
by more than one institutions.
THE PROBLEMS OF GEOSPATIAL DATA :
Non-Uniform Geo-Reference;
Limited Data Availability;
Out of date and Inaccurate;
No Accessibility;
No Optimum Utilization, etc.

Low Quality Decision Making Process and


Consequently Degrade the Achievement of
the National Development Goals

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

http://finance.detik.com/read/2015/11/10/171407/3067293/4/jokowi-siapkan-petatunggal-lahan-terlengkap-di-2017

Mengingat pentingnya kebijakan 1 peta, Presiden selanjutnya menerbitkan Perpres No 9 Tahun


2016 tentang Percepatan Kebijakan 1 Peta pada tingkat ketelitian peta skala 1:50.000.

Selanjutnya pemerintah mewujudkan paket kebijakan ekonomi jilid 8 dimana salah satu
kebijakannya ditegaskan tentang ONE MAP POLICY (Kebijakan 1 Peta).
Ijin perkebunan beririsan dengan ijin pertambangan.. ijin pertambangan dari suatu daerah
menabrak batas wilayah daerah lain, dan lain lain. Hal ini menimbulkan potensi konflik yg tdk kita
inginkan.
Secara teknis tumpang tindih perijinan dan sengketa batas wilayah ini terjadi karena kebijakan
pemberian ijin untuk pemanfaatan lahan belum mendasarkan pada 1 peta dasar yang benar.
Kebijakan 1 peta bertujuan mempermudah dan mempercepat penyelesaian konflik tumpang
tindih pemanfaatan lahan, penyelesaian batas daerah di seluruh Indonesia. Serta mempercepat
pelaksanaan program-program pembangunan. Baik pengembangan kawasan maupun
infratsruktur agar Indonesia mampu membangun dirinya dengan perencanaan yang tepat dan
pelaksanaan pembangunan yang terbaik.

Improvement
the quality of
Regulation and
Licensing
procedures
Improvement
and Integration
of Transportation
Infrastructure

Improvement the
capacity of
Infrastructure to
support knowledge
based economy

Improvement of
Spatial Planning
ONE MAP
POLICY

Improvement
the quality of
Project Planning
on the National
Strategic
Infrastructure

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

Improvement
of Water
Resistance

Improvement the
quality of
Territorial
Arrangement and
Management

Improvement
the quality and
capacity of
Infrastructure
Services for
Welfare

One Map Policy will


improve and boost
the quality of the
Spatial Planning,
which is the
primary
prerequisite on the
establishment of
the Government
Policies and
Programs

INVESTMENT
ECONOMIC
GROWTH
INCREASE

Coordinating Minister for


Economic Affairs

OVERLAPPING LAND
USE LICENSES

ONE MAP POLICY


Priyadi Kardono, 2016

ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT
ACTIVITIES

National Economic Policy


Volume VIII is a policy to
accelerate National Economic
Growth by introducing the
implementation of One Map
Policy (OMP) solution.

One Geo
Referenc
e

InaGeoport
al

ONE
MAP

One Geo
Standard

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

One Geo
Database

... Geospatial information required

by government agencies and the


community at all levels to improve
the quality of decision making in all
aspects of national development.
OMP aims to create a map that

refers to the One GeoReference, One


GeoStandard, One GeoDatabase,
and One GeoCustodian on the level
of accuracy of a map scale 1:
50,000.

The main goal of One Map Policy is to guarantee the

availability of accurate, reliable, accessible, and


accountable geospatial information;
THEMATIC
GeoSpatial
Data

One Map Policy is a national strategy to prevent

BASE
Geospatial
Data

One Map Policy was declared through the issuance of

overlapping land uses permits which have often hamper


economic activity and development, particularly in
economic investment.

Presidential Decree Nr. 9/2016 : Acceleration of the


Implementation of One Map Policy in a Level of Map
Accuracy at Scale 1: 50,000.
One Map Policy employed National Base Geospatial

GEODETIC
Control
Networks

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

Data (topographic map) at a scale of 1:50,000 as a


Base Reference for the Ministries and Agencies as the
basis for determining the location and land use
administration permits. This is so that there is no
overlap inter-ministerial projects.

One Geo-Reference :
SRGI.2013 (Sistem Referensi Geospasial Indonesia 2013)
BIG Regulation Nr. 15/2013 (New Indonesian
Geospatial Reference System)
SRGI.2013 take into account changes in the
value of the coordinates of the function of time
as a result of the influence of tectonic plate
movement and deformation of the earth's crust
in the region of Indonesia :

ECEF
(Earth Centered Earth Fixed)

1.SRGI.2013 - Horizontal Datum :


a. Coordinate Reference System;
b. Coordinate Reference Frame;
c. Ellipsoid Reference;
d. Change the coordinate values as a function of

time as a result of tectonic plate movement


and deformation of the earth's crust;

2.SRGI.2013 - Vertical Datum;


3.SRGI.2013 - Web Service and Accessibility
http://srgi.big.go.id
Priyadi Kardono, 2016

http://srgi.big.go.id

Presidential Regulation Nr. 9 / 2016 :


Acceleration of One Map Policy implementation for maps in scale 1:50,000

Ministries /
Agencies

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

Provinces

Map
Themes

ONE MAP PRODUCT


for Decision Making
and Land Use Planning

ONE MAP POLICY IMPLEMENTATION


STRATEGY

Develop accountable working


mechanism
Action plan support national
development
Transparent and effective monitoring
and evaluation system

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

TUJUAN

TARGET
PENCAPAIAN

STANDAR
REFERENSI
BASIS DATA
GEO-PORTAL

85

MANFAAT

PETA TEMATIK

SEBAGAI ACUAN UNTUK:

Acuan perbaikan Data Spasial


Akurasi Perencanaan Tata Ruang
Akurasi dalam Penyusunan Kebijakan
dan Pengambilan Keputusan

KEGIATAN

1
2
3

KOMPILASI

Pengumpulan peta tematik oleh K/L

19

KEMENTERIAN
LEMBAGA
2016

INTEGRASI

Superimpose peta tematik di


atas Peta RBI 1: 50.000

KOMPILASI

SINKRONISASI

SINKRONISASI

Penyelesaian isu terkait


tumpang tindih peta

PRODUK
SATU
PETA

INTEGRASI

17 peta

34

PROVINSI
STRATEGI
KOMUNIKASI

2017
53 peta

2018
77 peta

2019
85 peta

ACCELERATION OF ONE MAP POLICY (Presidential Regulation 9/2016)

Activities
Compilation;
Integration;
Synchronization.

85

Thematic Maps

Values
Reference National Geospatial Data;
Spatial Planning Map Accuracy;
Spatial Development Policy Accuracy.

COMPILATION
INTEGRATION
SYNCHRONIZATION

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

One Map
Policy
Product

19

Ministries
/Agencies

34

Provinces

WORKING STEPS ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF OMP


COMPILATION

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

INTEGRATION

SYNCHRONIZATION

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENT ON THE


IMPLEMENTATION OF OMP
Develop the Norm Standard
Coordinate the TGI
Manage the TGI

Ministries / Agencies

NATIONAL
COORDINATION MEETING

41 TGI
Custodianship
ONE MAP
(GeoDatabase)

REGIONAL
COORDINATION MEETING
WORKING GROUPS

Universities
NGO

14 TGI Working
Groups

Provinces

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

OMP Acceleration Team


Head: Coordinating Minister for
Economic Affairs

Roadmap

Executive Team
Head: GeoSpatial Information
Authority

Working Groups

14

Pokja Minerba
dan Gas

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

PENCAPAIAN PENYELESAIAN INTEGRASI DAN SINKRONISASI


KELOMPOK IGT

(IGT KELUARAN)

K/L
PJ

IGT
Keluaran

1.

IGT Migas & Minerba

2.

IGT Kawasan Khusus

3.

IGT Pertanahan

4.

IGT Transportasi & Utilitas

21

5.

IGT Kehutanan

6.

IGT Perizinan Lokasi

7.

IGT Transmigrasi

8.

IGT Lingkungan

15

9.

IGT Tanah Ulayat

10. IGT Perencanaan Ruang

12

11. IGT Potensi Kawasan

13

20

2016

2017

2018

2019

PRODUK
SATU PETA

K E G I A TA N S I N K R O N I S A S I
Kemajuan pencapaian keseluruhan
penyelesaian kegiatan integrasi
: IGT Status

: IGT Potensi

: IGT Perencanaan Ruang

17

20%

peta

53

62% peta
: ditentukan Perpres

77

peta
91%

100%

85

peta

: tidak ditentukan Perpres

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

OMP - Time Line and Priority Areas

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION BASE MAP AVAILABILITY


AT A SCALE OF 1:50,000 AND 1:25,000

Base Map
1:50,000
Base Map
1:25,000

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

DATA SOURCE
REGION

AERIAL
PHOTO

AERIAL
IF-SAR

SPACE
TerraSAR X

JAWA

BALI - NUSATENGGARA

SUMATERA

KALIMANTAN

SULAWESI

MALUKU

PAPUA

REGION

GEOSPATIAL
INFORMATION BASE
MAP AVAILABILITY AT
A SCALE OF 1:50,000
YEAR OF PUBLICATION

2000

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

JAWA

BALI-NUSATENGGARA

SUMATERA

KALIMANTAN

SULAWESI

MALUKU

PAPUA

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

CLOUD FREE MOSAIC OF ORTHO-RECTIFIED SPOT 5/6/7 SATELLITE IMAGERIES


FOR UPDATING GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION BASE MAPS

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENT &


NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION NETWORK (JIGN)
The Development Of National Geospatial Information Infrastructure Network Nodes;
Network Node Connected: 57 Ministries, 34 Provinces, And 514 Regencies/Cities
BIG
PROVINCE
DKI Jakarta

CUSTODIAN
SHIP

CUSTODIA
NSHIP

NATIONAL
DATA
CENTER

METADATA
CATALOG
PORTAL
PROVINCE
DATA
CENTER

http://portal.inasdi.or.id

CLEARING
UNIT

METADATA
CATALOG
PORTAL

CLEARING
UNIT

NATIONAL
GEOPORTAL

DATA
CENTER

BIRO

WALI DATA

BADAN
UNIT
KANTOR

UNIT
KLIRING

SIMPUL
KABUPATEN

SIMPUL
KOTA

UNIT KLIRING
METADATA
DATABASE
PORTAL

UNIT KLIRING
METADATA
DATABASE
PORTAL

METADATA
KATALOG
PORTAL

WALI DATA
DATA
CENTER

Ministry of
Marine & Fishery

Presidential Regulation Nr. 27


Year 2014: NATIONAL
GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION
NETWORK (JIGN)
Article IV, Paragraph 1 and 2 :
a.JIGN of Central Government;
b.JIGN of Regional Government.

Article IV, Paragraph 4 :


Government Institutions, the
Indonesian National Army, and
Indonesian Police as referred to in
Paragraph 2, and the Local
Government referred to in
Paragraph 3, serving as Network
Node for Geospatial Information.
Article V, Paragraph 3 :
The Network Node at the Local
Government must be Local
Working Unit Member which
established by the Governor, or
Regent / Mayor.
Priyadi Kardono, 2016

Ina-GeoPortal : Network Infrastructure Geospatial Information


http://tanahair.indonesia.go.id or http://maps.ina-sdi.or.id

Primary Function of
Ina-Geoportal:
Search Geospatial

Information (GI);
Share GI;
Integrate GI;
Analyze GI;
Produce Maps;
Publish GI & Maps.

GEOSPATIAL DATABASE
PRODUCTION & PUBLICATION

Production

Publication

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

Ina-GeoPortal :
Single Window to search and access National Geospatial information

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

WEB BASED PARTICIPATORY THEMATIC GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM


http://ppit.big.go.id/onemap/

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

CHALLENGES
PRODUCTION
The Geodetic Control System is not evenly distributed
Not all thematic maps are integrated through one map
Current and limited high resolution of remote sensing
imageries
DISTRIBUTION AND USAGE

National geospatial infrastructure is not yet fully functional


The data sharing among stakeholders is still not smooth
Limited availability of thematic geospatial data with the scale
of 1:50.000 or larger

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

CHALLENGES
HUMAN RESOURCE
More geospatial experts are needed
Limited number of universities on geospatial study
Technical experts are mostly not certified
Trained personnel are moved to another division (Administrative)
TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRY
There are more technology users than technology developers
Research on geospatial is not prioritized
Limitation of the geospatial industry [human resource and
infrastructures]
The association of geospatial industry is not well established
Incentives for geospatial research and industry are not provided

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

NEXT STEPS

Although the one map policy has succeeded in streamlining some


geospatial data produced by different stakeholders, several aspects need
to be improved:
Acceleration and quality of Base maps as the reference for thematic mapping
Coordination among national and regional institutions
Geospatial data infrastructure to support national data sharing
Establishment of regional geospatial agency
Human resources quality and distribution throughout the nation

Priyadi Kardono, 2016

CONCLUDING REMARKS

One Map Policy will improve and boost the quality of the
Spatial Planning, which is the primary prerequisite on the
establishment of the Government Policies and Programs;

One Map Policy as Indonesians Strategy to develop the


Geospatial Information accountable, reliable, accurate,
and accessible;

Geospatial Information Authority (BIG) of Indonesia takes a


vital role in One Map Policy to support National Economic
Development Priorities.

Priyadi Kardono, 2016