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Perencanaan Pelat Atap

Tebal pelat lantai ( t ) = 120 mm (diambil dari tebal minimum pelat)

BS pelat lantai

Beban lapisan penutup = 2 x 21

= 42 kg/m2

Berat plafon + penutup =

= 18 kg/m2

= 288 kg/m2

= 0.12 x 2400

11 + 7

Qd = 348 kg/m2

Beban merata pelat datar

Beban air hujan = 0,005 x 1000 = 50

= 100 kg/m2
kg/m2 +

Ql = 150 kg/m2
Qu = 1,2 ( Qd ) + 1,6 ( Ql )
= 1,2 ( 348) + 1,6 ( 150 )
= 657,6 kg/m2
Momen pelat atap ( dy/dx = 350/250 = 1,4 ) diasumsikan (pelat 4 arah)

Ly

Lx
Dimana : Lx = 350 cm , Ly = 350 cm
Mtx = -0,001 Qu Lx2 (x) = -0,001 x 657,6 x (2.5)2 x (72) = - 295 kgm/m
Mty = -0,001 Qu Lx2 (x) = -0,001 x 657,6 x (2.5)2 x (55) = -226 kgm/m
Mlx = +0,001 Qu Lx2 (x) = 0,001 x 657,6 x (2.5)2 x (42) = 172 kgm/m
Mly = +0,001 Qu Lx2 (x) = 0,001 x 657,6x (2.5)2 x (18) = 73 kgm/m

Penulangan momen tumpuan

Mtx(maks)

Tebal pelat = 120 mm

Bentang (b) = (direncanakan tiap 1m lebar)

d rencana

= 295 kgm/m

= h deking
= 120 30 = 90 mm

Mtx (maks) x 104


x b x (d rencana)2

295 x 104

= 0.45

0,8 x 1000 x (90)2

= 0,85 - 0,72 1,7 K/fc


= 0,85 - 0,72 1,7 x (0.45/35) = 0.01

= x ( fc/fy)
= 0,01x (35/240) = 0,001

b =

0,85 xfc'
fy

x 1 x
0,85 x35
240

600
600xfy

x 0,81 x

600
600 240

= 0,071

maks = 0,75 x b
= 0,75 x 0,04 = 0,03

min = (1,4/fy) = 1,4/300 = 0.005


< min , < maks

maka dipakai nilai min = 0.005

Harga rasio tulangan tarik

As = x b x d rencana
= 0,005 x 1000 x 90 = 450 mm2
Dipakai tulangan 10 150 mm ( As = 523,6mm2)

Pemeriksaan d pakai = h selimut beton - tulangan


= 120 20 - (10) = 95 mm
d pakai > d rencana ( OK )

Luas tulangan susut


As = 0,002 x b x h
= 0,002 x 1000 x 120 = 240 mm2
Dipakai tulangan 8 200 mm2
(As = 251,3mm2)

Pemeriksaan kekuatan penampang


Asxfy
0,85 xfc' xb

A=
392.7 x 240
0,85 x35 x1000

= 3,16 mm

Mn = As x fy x (d

A
2

) x 10-6

= 392.7 x 240 x (75 -

3,16
2

) x 10-6 = 6,91 KNm

Mr = 0,8 x Mn
= 0,8 x 8.51 = 5,52 KNm
= 681 Kgm/m
Mr > Mu

( kekuatan memenuhi persyaratan)

Penulangan momen lapangan

Mlx(maks)

Tebal pelat = 100 mm

Bentang (b) = (direncanakan tiap 1m lebar)

d rencana = h deking

= 180.1 kgm/m

= 100 30
= 70 mm

Mtx (maks) x 104


x b x (d rencana)2

180.1 x 104

1.51

0,8 x 1000 x (70)2

= 0,85 - 0,72 1,7 K/fc


= 0,85 - 0,72 1,7 x ( 0.5/25) = 0,02

= x ( fc/fy)
= 0,02 x (25/300) = 0,002

b =

600
600xfy

0,85 xfc'
fy

x 1 x
0,85 x 25
300

600
600 300

x 0,85 x

= 0,04

maks = 0,75 x b
= 0,75 x 0,04 = 0,03

min = (1,4/fy) = 1,4/300 = 0.005


> min , < maks

maka dipakai nilai = 0.006

Harga rasio tulangan tarik

As = x b x d rencana
= 0,005 x 1000 x 70 = 350 mm2
Dipakai tulangan 10 200 mm ( As = 392.7 mm2)

Pemeriksaan d pakai = h selimut beton - tulangan


= 100 20 - (10) = 75 mm
d pakai > d rencana ( OK )

Pemeriksaan kekuatan penampang

Asxfy
0,85 xfc' xb

A=

392.7 x300
5.54
0.85 x 25 x1000

Mn = As x fy x (d

A
2

) x 10-6

= 392.7 x 300 x (75

5.54
2

) x 10-6 = 8.51 KNm

Mr = 0,8 x Mn
= 0,8 x 8.51 = 6.81 KNm
= 681 Kgm/m

Mr > Mu

( kekuatan memenuhi persyaratan)

Perencanaan Pelat Atap pada balok kantilever


Tebal pelat lantai ( t ) = 100 mm (diambil dari tebal minimum pelat)

BS pelat lantai

Beban lapisan penutup = 2 x 21

= 42 kg/m2

Berat plafon + penutup =

= 18 kg/m2

= 0.1 x 2400

11 + 7

= 240 kg/m2

Qd = 290 kg/m2

Beban merata pelat datar

Beban air hujan = 0,005 x 1000 = 50

= 100 kg/m2
kg/m2

Ql = 150 kg/m2
Qu = 1,2 ( Qd ) + 1,6 ( Ql )
= 1,2 ( 290) + 1,6 ( 150 )
= 588 kg/m2
Beban terpusat dinding (Pu) = 200 Kg
Mu = q L + PL = x 588 x (2,5) + 200 x 2,5
= 1337,5 Kgm

Penulangan pelat balok kantilever

Mlx(maks)

Tebal pelat = 100 mm

Bentang (b) = (direncanakan tiap 1m lebar)

d rencana = h deking

= 1337,5 kgm

= 120 30
= 90 mm

Mu x 104
x b x (d rencana)2

1337,5 x 104

2.06

0,8 x 1000 x (90)2

= 0,85 - 0,72 1,7 K/fc


= 0,85 - 0,72 1,7 x ( 2.06/25) = 0,09

= x ( fc/fy)
= 0,09 x (25/300) = 0.08

b =

0,85 xfc'
fy

x 1 x
0,85 x 25
300

x 0,85 x

600
600xfy

600
600 300

= 0,04

maks = 0,75 x b
= 0,75 x 0,04 = 0,03

min = (1,4/fy) = 1,4/300 = 0.005


> min , < maks

maka dipakai nilai maks = 0.03

Harga rasio tulangan tarik

As = x b x d rencana
= 0,06 x 1000 x 90 = 2700 mm2
Dipakai tulangan 16 50 mm ( As = 4021.2 mm2)

Pemeriksaan d pakai = h selimut beton - tulangan


= 100 20 - (16) = 72 mm
d pakai > d rencana ( OK )

Pemeriksaan kekuatan penampang

Asxfy
0,85 xfc' xb

A=

4021.2 x300
56.77
0.85 x 25 x1000

mm

Mn = As x fy x (d

A
2

) x 10-6

= 4021.2 x 300 x (72

56.77
2

) x 10-6 = 52.62 KNm

Mr = 0,8 x Mn
= 0,8 x 52.62

= 42.09 KNm
= 4209 Kgm

Mr > Mu

( kekuatan memenuhi persyaratan)