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are performed within ____ after the initial mixing operation and the water and

cement ratio is not exceeded.

a) 30 minutes
c) 45 minutes
b) 15 minutes
d) 60 minutes

Materials Engineer Test Reviewer


Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate within ____
% throughout the range of use. Scales shall be inspected and sealed as
often as
A sample from a bituminous mix weighs 1000 grams. At extraction, it was
the Engineer may deem necessary to assure their continued accuracy.
a) 1.0 %
c) 0.5 %
out that the dry aggregate weighed 950 grams. What is the % of asphalt by
b) 1.5 %
d) 2.0 %
weight of mix?
a) 5.2 %
c) 5.4 %
When cement is placed in contact with the aggregate, batches may be
b) 5.0 %
d) 4.8%
unless mixed within _____ hours of such contact.
The minimum penetration of the preservative with the surface of the timbe
a) 1.5 hours
c) 0.5 hours
piles shall be ____
b) 2.0 hours
d) 2.5 hours
a) 150 mm
c) 250 mm
d) 100 mm
When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant, the mixing time shall b) 200 mm
not be
The contractor shall submit in writing a job-mix formula for the mixture
less than ______ nor more than ____ unless mixer performance test prove 9.
by laboratory test data along with samples of resources of
adequate mixing of concrete in a shorter time period.
a) 30 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
and viscosity temperature relationships to the Engineer for testing and
b) 50 seconds nor more than 90 seconds
approval at least ____.
c) 60 seconds nor more than 120 seconds
a) two weeks
c) one week
d) 90 seconds nor more than 120 seconds
b) three weeks
d) four weeks
The flow of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the drum by
The concrete samples should be stored in a moist conditioned temperature
within the range of ____ until the time of test.
end of the first ____ seconds of the mixing period.
a) 18* C to 24* C
c) 14* C to 24* C
a) 45 seconds
c) 15 seconds
d) 18* C to 28* C
b) 30 seconds
d) 20 seconds

This is used in soil stabilized road surface due to its high ____ property, tha
it absorb and retain water.
a) Potassium Chloride
c) Magnesium Chloride
b) Calcium Chloride
d) Sodium Chloride


Concrete not place within ____ minutes from the time the ingredients
charged into the mixing drum shall be used.
a) 120 minutes
c) 60 minutes
b) 150 minutes
d) 90 minutes


The mass % wear of soil aggregate used in cement/lime proportions should
When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water may be
added to
be more than ____ .
the batch and additional mixing performed to increase the slump to meet
a) 40 %
c) 45 %
d) 55 %
specified requirement if permitted by the Engineer, provided all these



The uniform rate at which the movable head of the CBR machine travel 21.
Aggregate accounts for 92 95 % of the weight of the bituminous mixture
is _____ .
a) 0.05 in asphalt accounts for 5 8 % of the weight of the mix. The exact percentage
/ min
c) 0.08 in /min
to be used is determined by the _____
b) 0.10 in /min
d) 0.09 in /min
a) Trial mix
c) Job mix
b) Design mix
d) Job order
Cast in place concrete shall not be post tensioned until at least ____
_____ is an indication that the asphalt mix is overheated.
until the compressive strength has reached the strength specified.
a) Blue smoke
c) Rising steam
a) 7 days
c) 14 days
b) Stiff appearance
d) Mix slumps in truck
b) 10 days
d) 20 days
In checking the temperature of the mix, the thermometer should be
The penetration test is an indication of the ____ of asphalt.
a) Consistency
c) Hardness
into the mix at least ____.
b) Softness
d) Flash Point
a) 2 inches
c) 4 inches
b) 6 inches
d) 6.0 mm
Specification requires one (1) Quality test for every ____ of asphalt
a) 20 tons
c) 50 tons
_____ is applied on existing bit, or cement concrete surface with bituminous
b) 200 tons
d) 40 tons
a) Bituminous Prime
c) Bituminous Seal Coat
The ____ is the most commonly used method in the design and
Bituminous Tack Coat
d) Bituminous Surface Treatment
of bituminous concrete mixes.
The solution used in the soundness test of aggregate shall be cooled to a
a) Job mix formula
c) Marshall Stability
temperature of 21 +or 1* C and maintain at that temperature for at least
b) Design mix
d) Extraction
a) 24 hours
c) 48 hours
b) 36
Vibration shall operate a frequency of 8,300 to 9,600 impulses per
d) 18 hours
under load at a maximum spacing of ____ cm.
Proper compaction of the fill materials is very important, as it will ______.
a) 30 cm
c) 60 cm
a) Increase the shear strength
b) 50 cm
d) 40 cm
b) Decrease permeability
c) Minimize compressibility
The specific gravity of Sodium Sulfate used in soundness test for
d) All of the above
should be with in the range of ____.
In which DPWH item is emulsified asphalt not suitable?
a) 1.151 to 1.174
c) 1.051 to 1.154
a) Item 301
c) Item 304
b) 1.250 to 1.178
d) 1.058 to 1.184
b) Item302
d) Item 308

The specific gravity magnesium sulfate solution used in soundness test 28.
Unconfined compressive strength test is usually performed on ______.
a) Sandy soils
c) Organic soils
aggregate should be within the range of ____ .
b) Silty soils
d) Clayey soils
a) 1.280 to 1.408
c) 1.295 to 1.308
b) 1.180 to 1.308
d) 1.195 to 1.318





Consolidation test is usually performed on ____ samples

a) Disturbed
c) Consolidated
b) Undisturbed
d) both a & b

a) 24 hours
b) 3 hours

c) hour
d) 72 hours

As a Materials Engineer, what will you do with major honeycombed area
A concrete core sample having a maximum height of less than _____ of
its diameter before capping or height less than its diameter after capping
is considered as defective work?
shall not be tested.
a) 93
a) Plaster
c) 95 %
b) Payment of the concrete will be made an adjustment
b) 94 %
d) 96 %
c) Removed and replaced at the expensed of the contractor
The cohesion and internal friction of soil is tested by
a) Tri axial shear test
c) Bearing test
b) Direct shear test
d) All of the above



If the strength of control specimen does not meet the requirement and not
feasible to obtain cores due to structural consideration, as a Materials Enginee
what will be your decision?
a) Removed and replaced
b) Area will not be paid
c) Payment will be made at an adjusted price

In concrete acceptance, core will be considered adequate if the average

strength of the cores is equal to what?
a) 80% of specified strength & if no single core is less than 75% of specified
b) 90% of specified strength & if no single core is less
After concrete has been placed, it is advisable to maintain fully welted and
than 80% of specified strength
c) 85% of specified strength & if in
no single core is less than 75% of specified strength
position for how many hours?
a) 14 hours
c) 72 hours
Before the cement is to be used, sampling must be done at least _____
b) 24 hours
d) 15 18 hours
before use.
a) one week
c) two weeks
Rock shall be excavated to a depth ____ below sub grade within the limit of
b) 14 days
d) 12 days
Asphalt cement shall not be used while it is foaming nor shall be heated
a) 100 mm
c) 200 mm
at ____ at anytime after delivery.
b) 150 mm
a) 107*
c) 120*
b) 159*
Minimum penetration of all piles shall be ____.
a) 3 meter
c) 7 meter
Moisture content of aggregate in bit mix shall not exceed ____ of the time b) 6 meter
d) 4.5 meter
it is introduce into the mixing unit.
a) 1.5 mass %
c) 1 mass %
Piles shall not be driven within 7 meters of concrete less than _____ old.
b) 2.0 mass %
a) 7 days
c) 28 days
b) 14 day
Batching tolerance for Sand and Aggregate is ____.
a) 1 %
c) 3 %
Paint contains _____ of pigment and _____ vehicle.
b) 2 %
a) 20 % & 80 %
c) 79 % & 21 %
b) 21 % & 79 %
d) 80 % & 20 %
Between stage of curing, concrete shall not be exposed for more than
how many hours?




Minimum thickness of bedding materials beneath the pipe is _____.

a) 100 mm
c) 200 mm
b) 150 mm
Tolerance of gabion dimension is _________________.
a) +/- 1%
c) +/- 3 %
b) +/- 2 %
d) +/- 4 %


Minimum size of galvanized wire mesh is ____________.

a) 2.0 mm
c) 2.7 mm
b) 2.2 mm
d) 3.4 mm


Minimum density of gabions is ___________.

a) 1,000 kg/cu. m
c) 1,400 kg/cu. m
b) 1,200 kg/cu. m
d) 1,500 kg/cu. m


Soundness loss of field gabions is __________________.

a) 9 % after 5 cycles
c) 11 % after 5 cycles
b) 10 % after 5 cycles
d) 12 % after 5 cycles


In soil, all boring shall be carried to a depth of at least ____ below the
proposed grade line.
a) 0.50 m
c) 1.5 m
b) 1.0 m
d) 1.8 m


The test that determine pile bearing capacity by loading one or more pile
and measuring settlement under load is _____.
a) Vane shear test
c) Pile load test
b) Plate bearing test


The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split spoon shall be at
a) 1 kg
c) 10 kg
b) 20 kg
d) 100 kg


Submission of sample for testing for cement is _____.

a) 10 kg
c) 15 kg
b) 20 kg
d) 40 kg


The heating temperature of reflector zed thermoplastic material during59.

The length of Shelby Tube of an undisturbed sample is _____.
application is _____
a) 10 long
c) 20 long
a) 130 +/- 7* C
c) 200 +/- 7* C
b) 18 long
b) 150 +/- 7* C
d) 211 +/- 7* C
For small project where quantity of steel bars is 10,000 kg or less, what is
Submission of sample minimum quantity of material for asphalt cement
is -------.
a) 5 kg
c) 20 kg
basis for acceptance of material?
b) 10 kg
d) 100 kg
a) No testing
c) Mill certificate
b) P.E, certificate
For how many years does the small Contractor given to procure
______ determine the best combination of the material that will produce a
testing equipment?
potentially stable & durable mixture.
a) 2 years
c) 5 years
a) Job mix formula
c) Design of bituminous mix
b) 4 years
d) 6 years
b) Marshall formula

The depth of the weakened joints must not be less than ____ and a width62.
_______ is the rate of loading for concrete cylinder sample subject to
of ___.
compression test
a) 40 mm & 6 mm
c) 40 mm & 5 mm
a) 20 - 40 psi/sec
c) 15 40 psi/sec
b) 50 mm & 5 mm
d) 50 mm & 6 mm
b) 20 - 50 psi/sec
d) 15 40 psi/sec


Used of bituminous cold mix for potholes patching during rainy/ wet
period is acceptable
a) false
b) true



I n a soil exploration, if the characteristic of rock is questionable, the


depth of boring into the bedrock should be _______.

a) 1.5 m
c) 2.5 m
b) 2.0 m
d) 3.0 m

Determine soil bearing capacity by loading a steel plate usually 30

a) Vane shear test
c) Pile load test
b) Plate bearing test
d) None of the above


Super plasticizer can increase the strength of concrete up to how many

a) 40 60
c) 50 70 %
b) 50 60 %
d) 60 70 %


___________ is the moisture in an air dried soil

a) Moisture Content
b) Natural Moisture Content
c) Hygroscopic Moisture Content
d) Hydrometer Moisture Content


How many hours do aggregate stockpile or binned for draining before

being batch?
a) 1 hour
c) 12 hours
b) 6 74.
_________ is the tolerance of mix in bituminous.
d) 24 hours
a) 10* C
c) 15* C
b) 12* C
d) 18* C
What is the relative strength of mortar at 7 & 28 days of fine aggregates,
_________ Number of measurement taken in a core sample for thickness
tested for the effect of organic impurities, which is higher than the standard? determination of the finish asphalt pavement
a) not less than 90 %
a) 3
c) 5
c) not less than 95 %
b) not
b) 4
d) 8
less than 80 %
d) not less than 98 %
In the absence of beam mold in site, cylinder mold is allowed by
What is the rate of loading for concrete beam tested for flexural stress?
specification. What is the required strength?
a) 110 150 psi/sec
c) 125 175 psi/sec
a) 2,500 psi
c) b) 3,000 psi
d) 4,000 psi
b) 115 150 psi/sec
d) 130 - 175 psi/sec
Prime coat shall be left undisturbed for at least _____.
In concrete sampling paste shall be of normal consistency of _____ when
a) 6 hours
c) 24 hours
the rod settles to a point below the original surface in 30 secs.
b) 12 hours
a) 10 +/- 1 mm
c) 15 +/- 1mm
b) 11 +/- 1 mm
d) 20 +/- 1 mm
The first phase of rolling the spread bituminous mix is called breakdown
rolling which is carried out by pneumatic roller, temperature requirement must
What the temperature of a concrete sample?
be _____.
a) 200 225* F
a) 10 15 * C
c) 15 18* C
c) 160 180* F
b) 190
b) 18 24 * C
199* F
d)150 185* F

What is the wash loss of fine aggregates in the no. 200 sieve?
a) 1 %
c) 3 %
b) 2 %
d) 4 %



Retarder can delay the setting time of concrete up to how many hours?
a) 1 hour
c) 4 hours
What is the plasticity index of mineral filler?
b) 2 hours
d) 8 hours
a) not greater than 4
c) not greater than 8
b) not greater than 6
d) zero


How many gradation ranges for hot plant mix bituminous pavement are
there in the blue book?
a) 5
c) 7
b) 6
d) 8



If no core had been taken at the end of each day of operation and the
project has already been completed, a core shall be taken ________.
a) for every 75 l.m,/lane c) for every 100 l.m/lane
b) for every 150 l.m/lane d) for every 1,000 l.m/lane


________ is the slump of workable concrete if vibrated.

a) 10 20 mm
c) 40 50 mm
b) 10 40 mm
d) 40 75 mm

When plasticity index is equal

a) Coarse grain
c) Clayey
b) Sandy
d) Silty


_______ is an empirical number used in evaluation for G.I.

a) 0 15
c) 0 20
b) 5 20
d) 0 25


Coarse grain
b) Sandy

c) Clayey
d) Silty

________ Burnt product which is used by Gypsum and pulverized to form

Portland Cement.
Hydraulic cement
c) Fly Ash
It indicates good subbase materials when G.I. is equal to _____.
b) Clinker
d) Volcanic Ash
a) 0
c) 10
b) 5
d) 20
When group index = 0, what is the grade of soil?
a) weak soil
c) good soil
It indicates very poor subbase materials when G.I. is equal to _____.
b) poor soil
a) 0
c) 10
b) 5
d) 20
______ is a process of breaking down of rocks into small pieces of various
size that can range from large boulders to very small clay particles.
______ indicates the composition of soil.
a) Consolidation
c) Weathering
a) Atterberg Limit
b) Plasticity Index
b) Unconsolidation
The higher the value of PI of the soil, the weaker will be the soil
________ is the limit were further loss of water due to evaporation which
performance as a _____.
a) True
will not result in reduction of volume.
c) Depend
b) False
a) Plastic limit
c) Shrinkage limit
d) None of the above
b) Liquid limit
_______ the Plasticity Index of group of soil
________ a classification of soil which 35% or less the particles pass
a) 0
c) 10
through no. 200 sieve.
a) Grain size soil
c) Silty clay
b) 6
d) 11
b) Granular
d) Clayey materials
_______ is the minimum percent of A-6 group classification of soil.
a) 0 %
c) 35 %
________ a classification of soil which 35% or more of the particles pass
b) 25 %
d) 36 %
through no. 200 sieve
a) Course Sand Soil
c) Silty-Clay Materials
b) Granular Materials
d) Clayey Materials
_______ is the maximum of G.I. of Silty Clay Materials
a) 0
c) 20
It evaluate the quality of soil as highway subgrade material.
b) 25
d) 35
a) Atterberg Limit
c) Group Index
b) Plasticity Index
d) Liquid Limit
When the value of G.I. is negative, what will be the soil performance?
a) Poor Subgrade
c) Good subgrade
When soil has plasticity index value of 10, what is the criteria of the
b) Very good subgrade
d) None of the above






The weight of Sandy soil for Hydrometer Analysis is ______.

a) 10 grams
c) 50 grams
b) 25 grams
d) 100 grams


The weight of Clayey or Silty soil for Hydrometer Analysis is ______.

a) 10 grams
c) 50 grams
b) 25 grams
d) 100 grams

_________ is a type of cement which shall be transferred to an elevated, air

tight and weather proof bins storage.
a) Portland Cement
c) Bulk Cement
b) Pozzolan Cemenr
d) None of the above


A 25 grams fine grained soil can be dried in about ______.

a) 1 hour
c) 3 hours
b) 2 hours
d) 4 hours

Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be accurate within _____.
a) 0.1%
c) 0.5%
b) 0.25%
d) 1.9%


The minimum thickness of conventional concrete as the surface course in

monolithic pavement is _____.
a) 50 mm
c) 100 mm
b) 75 mm
d) 150 mm

A 25 grams sandy soil can be dried in about ______.

a) 1 hour
c) 3 hours
b) 2 hours
d) 4 hours

________ is a type of soil in which most of the soil grains are of the same
a) Poorly
c) Gap graded
b) Well graded
d) Non of the above
The soil grained are force apart by the water added, thus the grain is
reduced, what is the method used?
a) Lubrication
c) Swelling
b) Welting
d) Saturation


_____________ determines the resistance of the emulsion to break when

mixed with mineral aggregate.
a) Viscosity Test
c) Spot test
b) Distillation Test
d) Cement Mixing
_____________ is an instrument used for rapid in site measurement of the
structural properties of existing road pavement.
a) Pundit Ultra Sonic Concrete Tester
b) Dynamic Core Penetrometer
c) Falling Weight Deflectometer
d) Core Test

Percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when tested for clay lump is
a) 0.1 mass
How many days does the emulsified asphalt must be tested after delivery
c) 0.8 mass percent
at temperature 40*F(4.5*C).
b) 0.25 mass percent
d) 1.0 mass percent
a) 10 days
c) 14 days
b) 12 days
d) 16 days
The mass percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when tested in
soft fragment is ____.
a) 0.10
c) 3.5
In bituminous mixture asphalt content is 5 8% and 92 - 95% aggregates,
b) 0.25
d) 1.00
what will be the amount of additives?
a) not more than 2%
c) more than 2%
If slag is used, the density of coarse aggregate is ______.
b) not more than 3%
d) more than 4%
a) 30 100 kg/cu. m
c) 1,120 kg/cu. m
b) 150 kg /cu. m
d) 1,400 kg/cu. m
___________ determines the effect of water on the cohesion of the mixture
a) Stability Test
c) Distillation
Mass percent loose for fine aggregates when tested in Clay lumps is
b) Solubility
d) Immersion-Comprssion Test
a) 0.10
c) 0.80
The distance of the sample by grooving before rotating the brass cup is
d) 1.0





d) 1

The most common method of assessing strength and stiffness of both

subgrade and pavement is _______.
a) FDT
c) SPT
b) CBR
d)Non of the above
How many days do the specimen for CBR soaked?
a) 1 day
c) 3 days
b) 2 days
d) 4 days


When mixed at the site or a in central mixing plant, the mixing time shall
not be less than _50__ seconds nor more than _90_ seconds unless mixer 134.
performance test prove adequate mixing of the concrete in a shorter time
The batches shall be so charged into the drum that a portion of the
mixing water shall enter in advance of the cement and aggregate. The flow
of water shall be uniform and all water should be in the drum by the end of
the _15_ seconds of the mixing period


The time elapsed from the time water is added to the mix until the
concrete is deposited at the site shall not exceed _90_ minutes when
concrete is hauled in the truck.


When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water may be 137.

added to the batch and additional mixing performed to increase the slump
to meet the specified requirement if permitted by the Engineer, provided 138.
these operation are performed within _45_ minutes after the initial mixing
operation and the water and cement ratio is not exceeded



Concrete not placed within _90_ minutes from the time the ingredients
were charge into the mixing drum should not be use.


The completed pavement shall be accepted on a lot basis. A lot shall be

considered as _500_ linear meter double lane


Each lot shall be divided into _5_ equal segment and one core will be
obtained from each segment in accordance with AASHTO T24.


Aggregate account for 92 95% of the weight of the bituminous mix while
asphalts for 5 8% of the weight of the mix. The exact percentage to be used
is determine by the _Trial Mix_.
_Blue smoke_ is an indication that the asphalt is over heated
The penetrator test is an indication of the _Consistancy_ of the asphalt
_Marshall Stability Test_is the most common used method in the design
and evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes
_Extraction Test_ determines the asphalt content in the bituminous mixes.
Cast in place concrete shall not be post-tensioned until at least _10_ days
and until the compressive strength has reached the strength specified

This is the characteristic generally used for calculation of the volume

occupied by the aggregate in various mixture containing aggregates including
Portland Cement concrete, bituminous concrete, and other mixtures that are
proportioned or analyzed on an absolute volume basis. Answere: Bulk Specific
_Apparent Specific Gravity_ pertains to the relative density of the soil
material making up the constituents particle not including the pore space
within the particles that is accessible to water.
Weight of sandy soil needed for Hydrometer test is _100 grams_
Weight of silty or clayey soil needed for Hydrometer test is _50 grams_
These are widely used to control the characteristics of soil which are to be
incorporated in roadway. Ans. Liquid and Plastic Limits

This is defined as the highest moisture content of which the mass attains it
minimum volume but continues to lose weight /mass. Ans. Shrinkage Limit
_Le Chattelier Flask___ is an apparatus used in determination of specific
gravity of Hydraulic Cement.
_Autoclave Machine_ is an equipment used in determination of soundness
of Portland Cement


Asphalt shall be homogeneous, free from water, and shall not foam when
______ is the viscosity used to grade asphalt cement .
heated to _175* C(347* F)_
149 F ( 60*C )



_Cement Mixing Test of Asphalt_ indicate the rate at which the asphalt158.
The coarse aggregate used in asphalt mix is ____ . Ans. Retained by
emulsion will break when mix with aggregate .
2.36mm (no 8 sieve)


The lost in weight of rock used in gabions when tested to sodium

sulfate, soundness loss shall not exceeds__9%__


The application temperature of emulsified asphalt range from ____. Ans. 10



Gabions dimentions are subject to a tolerance limit of _+/- 3%_


When the tar is used for seal coats, it shall be heated to free flowing but no
to exceed ___________. Ans. 149*C


The pour point of concrete joint sealer shall be at least 11*C (20*F)
lower than the safe heating temperature, which is the maximum
_______ is used to determine the soil strength parameter. Ans. Unconfined
temperature to which the material may be heated without exceeding the
and Tri-Axial Compression Test
permitted flow.
________ is used to determine the settlement characteristic of soil. Ans.
The penetration of concrete joint sealer, Hot Poured Elastic Type shall not Consolidation
The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split spoon shall be at
The CBR is generally selected at _2.54 mm (0.10 in)_ penetration.
Ans. 1.0 kg

If the ratio at 5.08 mm (0.21 in ) penetration is greater, the should be 164.

The undisturbed samples from Shellby Tube shall be at least______. Ans..
18 long


If the check test gives a similar result, the ratio at 5.08 mm penetration
_______ determines the pile bearing capacity by loading one or more piles
shall be__adopted or used__
and measuring settlement under load. Ans. Pile Load Test


The penetration piston of CBR machine should have a uniform

penetration at a rate of __1.30 mm/min__



________ determines the in-site shear strength of soft to medium clay. Ans
Vane Shear Test

During soaking maintain the water level in the mold and the soaking 167.
_______ determine the soil bearing capacity by loading a steel plate usually
tank is approximately __25.40 mm ( 1.0 in )__ above the top of the
30 inches in diameter. Ans. Plate Bearing Test
Laboratory which measures, examines, calibrate or otherwise determine
Soak the specimen for _96 hours ( 4days )__
the characteristic or performance materials or products. Ans.. Testing
The diameter of penetration piston is ____ . Ans. 49.63 +/- 0.23 mm
( 1935 cu m )
Standard technical procedure to determine one or more specified
characteristic of material product is called___. Ans. Test Method
The temperature of the asphalt cement delivered to the mixer shall be as
required to achieve a kinetic viscosity in the range of ______.
A document which prevents the test results and other information relevant
150 to 300 cu m/s or 150 to 300 centistokes
to test is called _____ Ans.. Test Report



__________ is a document signed by the Director of BRS issued to Testing

_________ was developed in order to differentiate bituminous materials with
laboratory authorizing them to perform the required test in behalf of DPWH.
respect to hardening characteristic.
Ans. Certificate of Accreditation
Ans.. Thin Film Oven Test


This test have been developed to measure the loss of cohesion as a

result of water action on the compacted bituminous mixture.
Ans. Film Stripping & Immersion Compression Test


This mean porosity or perviousness of the mixture, a dense grade mix

prevent water from entering the base through the surface.
Ans.. Permeability



This is used in classifying liquid asphalt into grades. It is useful as a

measure to control of consistency, particularly when run at the temperature
of intended application
Ans Viscosity Test

Plant-mixed bituminous mixtures should be sampled in accordance with th

Standard Method of Sampling Bituminous Mixture. A sample not less than
______ kg is taken and place in sample bag that would insure against
contamination. This is taken every 75 cu m or 130 tons of mix.
Ans.. 10 kgs
The bearing blocks of the compression machine should be at least _____
greater than the diameter of the specimen.
Ans.. 3.0 %
The bottom bearing block shall be at least _____ thick when new
Ans. 1.0 ( 22.50 mm )


This test determines the total bitumen content of a asphaltic materials,

which is the actual cementing constituent of the asphalt.
The bottom bearing block shall be at least _______ thick after any
Ans.. Solubility Test
resurfacing operations..
Ans. 0.9 ( 22.50 mm )


This is an accelerated test to show the loss of volatiles when the sample
The curing temperature of a specimen before testing is ______.
is heated at 163*C for five hours and the loss due to volatilization is
Ans. 18*C to 24*C
Loss on Heating
The apparatus used to determine the flash point of asphaltic material is
called ____
Ans. Cleveland Open Cup
This test classifies the different asphalt into types and the different types
into grade.
Ans.. Consistency Test
The asphalt samples for ductility and penetration test should be subjected
to water bath at a temperature of 25*C for ____.
For liquid asphaltic materials, this test is run on the residue after
Ans.. 11/2 hours
Ans.. Quality Test
The concrete shall not be left exposed for more than ____ hour between
This is one of the most important engineering properties of soil. It is
stages of curing or during the curing period.
defined as its ability to resist sliding along internal surface within the mass.. Ans.. hour
Ans.. Shearing Strength of Soil
The rate of application of bituminous prime coat is ____.
This is an arbitrary measurement of consistency and is the basis of
a) 1-2L/sq. m.
c) 0.2-1.5L/sq. m.
classification of all solid and semi-solid asphalt.
b) 0.2-0.7L/sq. m.
d) 0.5-2L/sq. m.
Ans.. Penetration Test of Asphalt
Another name for asphalt joint filler is_______.
This is a process tomeasure the consistency of liquid asphaltic materials
a) asphalt cement
c) blown asphalt
to determine their fluidity or resistance to flow.
b) rock asphalt
d) cutback asphalt
Ans.. Viscosity Test




10 -


In asphalting work, there are _______ phase of rolling

a) 2
b) 3
d) 4

pcs./20,000 units (3 for absorption test and 3 for strength test )

b) 4 pcs./20,000 units
c) 8 pcs./20,000 units


The _____ test determines the asphalt content in the bituminous mix. 203.
Is it really necessary to cure concrete specimen?
a) Grading
a) Yes
c) No
b)Bulk Specific Gravity
d) Absorption
b) None of the two


In a bituminous mix, there are 3 kinds of aggregate. What kind of passes

the no. 200 sieve?
c) Mineral Filler
b) Fine
d) Admixture
Liquid asphalt is also called ___________.
a) Cutback asphalt
c) Blown asphalt
b) Emulsion
d) Asphalt cement
The different test for soil classification are:
a) compaction and FDT
b) Hydrometer test and moisture content
c) Grading, LL and PL test
The apparatus/equipment used in the liquid limit and plastic limit test is
called___ .
a) sieves and chisel
c) mortar and
b) Atterberg Device
and glass plate

_________ is a method of laboratory sampling.

a) Mixing
c) Proportioning
b) Using mechanical splitter/quartering



The kind of test that determines the consistency of concrete is _____.

a) Slump test
c) Abrasion test
b) Specific Gravity
What is the dimension of concrete cylindrical sample?
a) 6 dia. And 12 high
c) 8 dia. And 14 high
b) 4 dia and 8 high
In the absence of concrete beam mold at the project site, are concrete
cylindrical molds allowed by the specification to be used in sampler for item
311 PCCP?
a) Yes
b) may be
c) No
The minimum percent compaction for embankment is _______.
a) 92%
c) 95%
c) 97%
The minimum percent compaction for base of the road is ______.
a) 100%
c) 105%
The CBR value of aggregate base course is not less than ____.
a) 80%
b) 90%
c) 85%

In laboratory compaction test/moisture density relation test, what is the

specification of rammer?
a) 5.5 lb. (2.5 kg) with 12 in drop c) 10 lb. (4.5 kg) in weight with 18 in 210.
The CBR value of aggregate subbase course is not less than ____.
b) 8 lb. (3.6 kg) in weight with 16 in drop
a) 25%
c) 30%
What is the specification of mass present passing in sieve 0.075 mm (No.
200 ) grading A for aggregate base course.
The minimum compressive strength for class A concrete is ________.
a) 20-14
c) 0 6
a) 3,000 psi. ( 20.7 MN/sq. m )
b) 0 12
b) 2,400 psi. ( 16.7 MN/sq. m. )
c) 5,000 psi. ( 37.7 MN/sq. m. )
The number of specimen samples in testing concrete hollow block is
a) 6

11 -


What is the significance of determination of the tensile properties of

reinforcing steel bars?
a) This method is intended to determine the
yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as its elongation, and is used to
classify the bars into grade
This method is intended to evaluate the ductile properties of the reinforcing
c) None of the above

a) Mechanical analysis of extracted aggregate

b) Stability Test
c) Viscosity


A tie bar should be ______

a) deformed bar
b) round bar



A dowel bar should be ____________.

a) deformed bar
b) round bar

_______ is a solid asphalt which is a basic constituent of all other asphalt

called as hot asphalt or penetration grade asphalt.
a) Asphalt Cement
b) Emulsified Asphalt
Cutback Asphalt


________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt cement an

a) Medium
Curing Cutback
b) Asphalt Cement
c) Rapid Curing Cutback

c) flat bar
c) flat bar

The drying temperature of sample is ________

a) 110 +/- 5*C
b) 100 +/- 5*C



The mortar for masonry shall consist of ________.

a) one part Portland Cement and 2 parts of sand
b) one part Portland Cement and 3 parts of sand
c) one part Portland Cement and 4 parts of sand


The apparatus used to measure the thickness or height of compacted 225.

________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt cement and
bituminous paving mixture.
a) Slow Curing Cutback
a) Ruler
b) Vernier Califer
c) Steel Tape
b) Emulsified Asphalt
c) Blown Asphalt
It is used in calculating the unit weight of the mixture and the degree of
compaction of the asphalt pavement.
________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt cement and
a) Bulk Specific Gravity of compacted bituminous mixtures using saturated
a) rapid Curing Cutback
surface dry specimen.
b) Blown Asphalt
b) Dry unit weight of compacted bituminous mixtures
c) Joint Filler
c) Mass of specimen in water
Asphalt is defined as _________.
The test which covers the quantitative determination of bitumen in hota) A petroleum product
mixed paving mixtures and pavement samples for specification acceptance, b) A dark brown to black cementitious materials whose consistency range s
service evaluation, control and research.
a) Extraction
from solid to semi-solid and whose main constituent is called bitumen which is
b) Spot Test
Flash Point
either found in nature or as a residue in petroleum refining.
c) None of the above
The solvent used in extraction of bitumen is _____.
a) Diesel oil
b) Gasoline
c) Water
It is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt cement and water
with emulsified with pungent odor.
The percent of bitumen content is computed based on ______.
a) Emulsified Asphalt
b) Asphalt Cement
c) Rapid Curing
a) mass of raw sample
b) mass of dry aggregate
c)mass of
Joint filler in concrete pavement is a __________.
The method used to determine the grading of aggregate extracted from
a) Blown Asphalt
b) Hot asphalt
c) Liquid asphalt
bituminous mixture is ____.





12 -


A device used to measure the relative hardness of asphalt is __________.

____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement to resist
a) Penetrometer
b) Spectometer
c) Vicat
deformation or displacement due to impose load or repeated loading.
a) Stability


A property of asphalt cement to stretch without breaking is

a) Ductility








____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement to resist

disintegration or deterioration due to the action of water, traffic and changing
b) Flexibility

It is a point where the volatile components of asphalt will evaporate.

a) Fire Point
b) Flash Point
c) Center 242.
____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement adjust itself to
a) Flexibility
b) Rigidity
It determines whether asphalt is over heated or not during the process of
a) Spot Test
b) Boil Test243.
These are the factor affecting the workability of bituminous mixes
c) Extraction Test
a) Gradation of aggregate, quality of asphalt, and temperature of mix
b) Surface texture and temperature mix
An apparatus used to determine the specific gravity of asphalt is called
c) Quantity of aggregates and asphalt content
a) Metal Pycnometer
b) Glass
c) any bottle
The dry molded asphalt sample in the immersion compression test is
submerged in water for ____.
Consistency test for asphalt is called___________.
a) 4 days
b) 4 hours
c) 2 days
a) Viscosity
b) Slump test
c) Loss in
The percent index retention is computed in the formula ___________.
a) Wet Stability/Dry Stability x 100
A process of volatilization test which measures the relative proportion of b) Dry Stability/Wet Stability x 100
asphalt to oil.
a) Distillation
b) Extraction
c) Wet Stability Dry Stability/Dry Stability x 100
c)Float Test
The sampling requirement of bituminous mixes is _____.
It is a period wherein the asphalt begins to melt.
a) 1 sample for every 75 cu. m.
a) Softening Point
b)Boiling Point
b) 1 sample for every 150 cu. m.
c) 1 sample per delivery per day


The sampling requirement of asphalt is _____ .

a) 1 sample for every 200 drums or 40 metric tons
b) 1 sample for every 100 drums
c) 1 sample for every shipment


The component of bituminous mixes which range from 92 to 96% is

called __________.
a) Bituminous Blended Aggregate
b) Concrete Aggregate
c) Sand


The application of liquid asphaltic material on a prepared untreated base is

a) Prime
b) Seal Coating
c) Tack Coating


The application of liquid asphaltic material to an existing surface is ____ .

a) Tack Coating
c) Prime Coating
b) Seal Coating

13 -




The application of asphaltic material and aggregate to an existing

surface for the purpose of sealing it against the infiltration of water or
surface moisture is called ____
a) Seal Coating
b) Tack Coating
c) Prime Coating


The significance of final rolling is to remove the roller marks to previous

rolling in order to have a good finish pavement with a temperature of 160*F.
a) True
b) False
c) Maybe

The proper way of rolling should begin at _____________________.
The rate of application of prime coating using cutback asphalt is ______.
a) the sides and proceeds longitudinally towards the roads center, each strip
a) 1-2 liters/sq. m
b) 0.5-1 liter/ sq. m
c) 2-3 liters/sq. m
overlapping on half the roller width, gradually progressing the crown of the
b) the center
The rate of application of tack coating using liquid or emulsified asphalt
and proceeding longitudinally toward the side of the road
is __________.
a) 0.2-0.7 c) any part of the road provided each strip overlapping on half the roller width
b) 0.1-0.5 li/sq. m
c) 2 li/sq. m.
What is the minimum degree of compaction of asphalt pavement?
The rate of application of seal coat using asphalt cement is ________.
a) not lee than 97% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
a) 0.9-1.8 li/sq. m
b) 10-11 li/sq. m
c) 8-9 li/sq. m
b) not less than 100% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
c) not less than 85% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
The rate of application of seal coat using cutback asphalt is ________.
a) 1.5-3.0li/sq. m
b) 2.0-3.0 li/sq. m
c) 1-2 li/sq .m 262.
What is the color of asphalt when it is overcook?
a) yellowish brown
b) black
The primary quality control mechanism for the production of asphalt
mies with high degree of uniformity that will satisfy job requirement is
_____________ determines the thickness and density of compacted asphalt
a) Job mix
a) Core test
b) Quality control formula
c) Assurance
b) FDT
c) X-ray


The objective of designing the asphalt mixture is determination of ______.

The cored sample of asphalt pavement is measured at ______________.
a) Type and grade of asphalt, proportion of coarse, fine and mineral filler, if
a) approximately quarter points
used and asphalt content.
b) three points
b) To produce a desirable characteristic of pavement which are stable,
c) two points
durable, flexible and skid resistance.
C) All of the above
Too much asphalt content in the bituminous mixes causes ____________ .
a) bleeding
b) potholes
c) cracks
The percent asphalt content in hot laid bituminous mixture range from
a) 5-8%
b) 4-6%
The wearing away of the pavement surface caused by the dislodging of
c) 5-10%
aggregate particle is called ______________.
a) raveling
b) alligator crack
c) rutting
The placing temperature for bituminous mixture measured in the truck
prior to dumping is ______.
Interconnected cracks forming a series of small blocks resembling an
a) at least 107*C
b) at least 120*C
c) at least 150*C
alligators skin or chicken wire is called ____________.
a) alligator cracking
b) reflection cracking
c) bleeding
The second phase of rolling the spread bituminous mixture is called
breakdown rolling which is the one responsible to attain the maximum
__________ is the type of cement to be used in the DPWH infrastructure
density. This rolling is carried out by the use of ______.
project as indicated in the Blue Book.
a) pneumatic roller
b) steel roller
c) sheepfoot roller
a) Portland Cement Type I b) Pozzolan Cement
Portland Cement Type II

14 -


If the fine aggregates are subjected to five cycles of sodium sulfate 280.
soundness test, the weighted loss shall not exceed ___________
a) 10 mass percent
b) 5 mass percent
c) 3 mass percent
If the coarse aggregate are subjected to five cycles of sodium sulfate
soundness test, the weighted loss shall not exceed____________.
a) 12 mass percent
b) 15 mass percent
10 mass percent
The mass percent of wear of coarse aggregates for item 311 when
tested by AASHTO 96 is not greater than ____________.
a) 40%
b) 45%
c) 50%




The final setting time of Portland cement Type I is _____________.

a) 10 hrs.
b) 24 hrs.
c) 36 hrs.
The standard sand used in testing the mortar strength of Portland cement
called __________.
a) Ottawa Sand
b) Beach Sand
c) River Sand
The apparatus used in determining the fineness of Portland cement by air
permeability is __________ .
a) Blaine Air Permeability Apparatus
b) Sieve No. 200
c) Gillmore

The design of concrete mix specified by the blue book is based on

Absolute Volume Method
b) Area Method c) American Method


The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when

tested by third point loading method is ____________.
a) 3.5 Mpa
b) 3.8 Mpa
c) 4.0 Mpa

A mixture of cement and water is called ____________.

a) cement paste
b) mortar paste


The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample when

tested by midpoint method is ____________.
a) 4.5 Mpa
b) 3.5 Mpa
c) 5.0 Mpa

The apparatus used to determine the initial and final setting of cement in
the laboratory is _________.
a) Gillmore needles
b) Bailey needle
c) Vicat apparatus


The compressive strength of cement mortar sample in seven days is not

less than _________.
a) 19.3 MN/sq. m
b) 20 MN/sq. m
c) 24 MN/sq. m

____________ are additives used in mixing concrete.

a) sodium chloride
b) admixtures

c) curing agent


____________ determines the consistency of concrete.

a) Slump Test
b) consolidation test

c) viscosity


Equipment used in the consolidation of fresh concrete.

a) jack hammer
b) vibrator

c) drilling

c) concrete

What is the appearance of the molded cement paste which fails to meet th
autoclave expansion.______________.
a) crumble
b) shiny
c) changes color


The dimension of beam sample for paving concrete is ___________.

a) 6 x 6 x 21
b) 6 x 6 x 24
c) 4 x 4 x218


The critical number of days of curing concrete is ____________.

a) first seven days
b) first 10 days
c) 28 days


The prescribed forms to be used in concrete paving is called ____________

a) steel forms
b) wooden
c) combination289.
The standard dimension of concrete cylindrical sample is ___________.
steel and wood
a) 6 dia. and 12 tall
b) 6 dia. and 6 tall
c) 6 dia. and 8 tall


The initial setting time of Portland cement is not less than

b) 60 min.
c) 90 min.

There are two layers in performing sampling of beam samples. How many
a) 30
number of blows are required per layer?
a) 63 blows
b) 75 blows
c) 50 blows

15 -


There are three layers in performing sampling of concrete cylinder. How

many blows are required per layer?
In a Barangay road, what is the minimum requirement for thickness
a) 25 blows
b) 30 blows
c ) 35 blows
determination of its completed pavement?
a) Five holes per km per lane
b) P.E. Certificate
c) One hole
The formula which determines the proportion of the mix which can meet
the desired strength requirement of concrete is called____________.
A qulity test is one of the minimum requirement for item 200 aggregate
a) design of concrete mix
b) Boyles Formula
c) Bernoulis
subbase course.
a) True
b) False







The minimum testing requirement for every project is indicated in a duly

There is no CBR test for item 300 aggregate surface course.
a) Quality Control Program
a) True
b) False
c) optional
b) Program of Work
c) Work Schedule
In item 311 and 405, grading is perform _______________.
a) for every 75 cu. m.
It is prescribed in each project based on estimated quantities and
b) for every 300 cu. m.
specifies the kind and number of test for each item of work.
c) none
a) Minimum number of work
b) Minimum Testing Requirement
For pipe culverts and storm drains, the minimum test is 1 Pipe for every
c) Work Schedule
50 pipes. What is the alternative requirement?
a) 1 set consisting of 3 concrete cylinder samples for not more than 25 pipes
Embankment materials delivered at the job site was about 12,000 cu. m. cast in the field and 1 inspection report for each size for not more than 25
The minimum test requirement calls for 1 G, P, C for every 1,500 cu. m.
pipes cast in the field.
b) inspection
a) 10 G, P, C
b) 8 G, P, C
c) 6 G, P, C
report is enough
c) Mill Certificate
of There is 1 Q cement required for every _________________.
a) 4,000 bags or fraction thereof
The minimum test requirement for paint is ______________.
b) 2,000 bags or fraction thereof
a) 1 sample for every 100 cans or fraction thereof
c) 10,000 bags
b) 1 sample for every 50 cans or fraction thereof
c) Mill Certificate
There is Q of cement required for every ____________________.
a) 20,000 kg or fraction thereof
The minimum test requirement for water used in concrete for a
b) 10,000 kg or fraction thereof
questionable source is ______.
a) P.E.
c)115,000 kg or fraction thereof
b) 1 Quality Test
c) Inspection
How many set of beam samples taken for every 75 cu. m. of concrete
poured per day?
a) 307.
Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory test, the degree
one ( 1 ) set
b) two ( 2 ) sets
c) three ( of compaction required for aggregate subbase should be at least
3 ) sets
a) 95%
c) 100%
b) 98%
In a completed pavement, what is the minimum core samples required
d) none of the above
before payment is effected? (Assuming that the thickness is 23 cm. )
a) Five holes per km per lane
b) One hole per 500m
c) P.E.
Per our present Specification for Highways and Bridges including
amendments, it is mandatory to open PCCP to traffic not later than ___________

16 -

a) 7 days after pouring

c) 14 days after pouring

b) 21 days after pouring

d) 28 days after pouring


In casting reinforced concrete railings, the concrete used is

a) Class
c) Class C1
b) Class A2
d) any of the preceding classes


If angular coarse aggregate is used in a concrete mix, it will require more

a) water
c) water and fine aggregates
b) fine
d) neither a and b
The most favorable period for curing concrete is ______________.
a) during the first few days or week
b) after 3 days
c) after one week
d) before 28 days

For efficient compaction, the embankment materials should at the time

of rolling be ______.
c) at optimum moisture content
b) wet
d) at maximum moisture content
Lower water content ratio in concrete mixes improves ________________.
For a road base course the most preferable material is one with CBR of
a) strength
c) water tightness
a) 60
b) durability
d) all of the preceding
c) 50
b) 30
d) 80
When concrete must be placed in a sloping surface, placing should start at
the __________.
a) bottom
c) can be top or
Peat and muck are ______________.
b) top
a) fair subgrade spoil
c) unstable soil
b) stable soil
d) good subgrade soil
The maximum percent abrasion loss allowed for concrete coarse aggregate
is __________.
a) 30%
c) 45%
The slump test on concrete is a measure ______________
b) 40%
d) 50%
a) strength
c) consistency
b) unit weight
d) durability
The plasticity index of aggregate base course should be not greater than
a) 6
The fineness modulus is highest of _________________.
b) 8
d) 12
a) fine sand
c) very coarse sand
b) very fine sand
d) coarse sand
In casting of reinforced concrete pile, the concrete used is ____________.
a) A1
c) C1
If concrete is continuously moist cured, it will gain strength beyond 180
b) D
d) C2
a) True
c) it depends on curing temperature
The natural water content of highly organic soil is __________.
b) False
a) less than 20
c) between 50 and 100
b) between 20 and 50
d) more than 100%
The quality of paying concrete is usually measured by its _____________.
a) compressive
c) flexural
Which of the following dead load is equivalent for loose sand, earth and
b) tensile
d) bond strength
gravel fill?
a) 2,403
tons/cu. m.
c) 1,603 tons/cu. m.
Generally speaking, batching of concrete aggregates by volume is
b) 1,922 tons/cu. m.
d) 2,150 tons/cu. m.
preferable than weight.
c) False
b) they are the same

17 -


Rate of application for curing compound is _______________.

a) 0.30 li/sq. m.
c) 0.15 li/sq. m.
b) 0.20 li/sq. m.
d) 0.10 li/sq. m.


Optimum water content of soil is determined by ______________.

a) field density test
c) compaction test
b) liquid limit test
d) unit weight test


During coring of completed pavement, how many cores /km/lane is

required as per specification?
a) 4
c) 6
b) 5
d) 7


The particle size distribution of soil is determined by __________________.

a) liquid limit granular
c) sieve analysis test
b) plastic limit test
d) any of the preceding test



What is the correct proportion for concrete masonry work?

a) 1: 2
c) 1: 4
b) 1: 3
d) 1 : 5

Which of the following are most suitable for construction of highway

a) granular
c) plastic
b) finegrained
d) clayey


The opening of No. 4 sieve is bigger than the opening of a sieve.

a) true
b) false
c) they are the same



The particle size distribution of sandy gravel is determined by ________.

a) hydrometer test
c) dilantacy test
b) sieve test
d) any of the preceding test

The standard compaction test on predominantly fine grained soils is

performed on soil fraction passing sieve no. ___________.
The best soil for a road subgrade would behave a group index of __________
a) 200
c) 16
a) less than 3
c) 11 to 15
b) 40
d) 4
b) 5 to 10
d) 16 to 20


Which plasticity index would you prefer for the base course of PCCP?342.
a) less than 6
c) 10 to 12
b) 6 to 9
d) more than 12
A soil which is classified A-7 by the highway research board method will
have a subgrade rating of __________.
a) excellent
c) fair
b) good
d) poor

The highest moisture content in the plastic state of fine grained soil is the
a) liquid limit
b) plastic limit


The empirical number used in design is ____________.

a) plasticity index
b) group index
c) both of the preceding


Soil is fully saturated at optimum moisture content.

a) true
b) false
c) it depends on void

Shringkage factor test is _______________.

a) test to determine pay volume
b) test to determine strength characteristic
c) test to determine volume change
d) test to determine maximum density


Water content of soil is generally base on ____________.

a) total weight of soil
c) weight of solids
b) total volume of soil
d) unit weight test



18 -

Which of the following is characterizes unsuitable materials?

a) soil with liquid limit exceeding 80
b) plasticity index exceeding 55
c) soil with natural water content exceeding 100%
d) all of the above

Soil is fully saturated if the water content is ______________.

a) at optimum amount
c) more than 100&%
b) 100%
d) none of the peceeding
The density to which a soil can be compacted is related to ____________.
a) compactive effort
c) both a and b
b) water content
d) neither a or b


a) 0.5 to 1.0 mass %

b) 1.0 to 1.5 mass %

Specification require 1 quality test every ___________ of asphalt mix.

a) 40 ton
c) 50 tons
b) 130 tons
d) 150 tons



c) 0.75 to 1.2 mass %

d) 0.2 to 0.7 mass %

As Materials Engineer, what would you recommend in order to check the

suitability and efficiency of the equipment to used prior to subbase
construction for item 310, Bituminous Concrete Surface Course?
a) make a trial section
c) make trial mix
b) establish control strips
d) none of the above

All asphalt are _______, they became harder as temperature decreases

and softer as their temperature increases.
a) thermoplastic
c) brittle
b) hyrophobic
d) none of the above
Quality of factor produced reinforced concrete pipes may be best
The viscosity of the asphalt during mixing and lay down is ____________.
established through what?
a) viscosity at 135*C
c) viscosity at 60*C
compressive strength test
b) viscosity at 125*C
d) viscosity at 163*C
b) flexural strength test
c) core test
The trial section for compaction for each type of fill materials and type of d) crushing strength test
equipment to be used in the work should have an area of__________.
a) 500 sq. m.
c) 600 sq. m.
Result of Immersion Compression test conducted on a bituminous mix
b) 335 sq. m.
d) 400 sq. m.
sample are as follow: Dry stability + 2,000 Kpa, Wet stability = 1,000 Kpa,
What is the resulting Index of Retained Strength?
Control slip shall have an area of approximately ____________.
a) 60%
c) 50%
a) 500 sq. m.
c) 600 sq. m.
b) 55%
d) 70%
b) 335 sq. m.
d) 400 sq. m.
In DPWH Contract Projects, Quality Control is the sole responsibility of
Fine aggregate used in asphalt mix is the one ________________.
a) the DPWH
a) passing the no. 8 sieve
project personnel
b) passing the no. 30 sieve
b) the governments Materials Engineer
c) passing the no. 200 sieve
c) the Contractor
d) returned the no. 8 sieve
As Materials Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling and testing
The corrugation produce by brooming is _____________.
of materials to be incorporated into the work?
a) 1.5 mm.
c) 2.5 mm.
a) before final payment
b) before start of work items
b) 2.0 mm.
d) 1.0 mm.
before first partial payment

The higher the ________, the lower the penetration.

a) specific gravity
c) durability
b) viscosity
d) solubility



The required thickness of the thermoplastic paint in PCCP is __________.363.

Under what climate conditions do we use higher penetration grade asphalt
a) 3.2 to 4.8 mm.
c) 3.3 to 3.8 mm.
a) hot climate
c) cold climate
b) 3.0 to 4.5 mm.
d) 3.2 to 4.0 mm
b) rainy weather
d) none of the above


What percent of hydrated lime shall be added to the mixture during

mixing operation of asphalt mix?

19 -

The Spot Test on asphalt is used to determine what?

a) cleanliness
c) safe working temperature
b)overheating during manufacture
d) viscosity of the mix











What is the basis for rejection or acceptance of any construction

a) design mix
c) job mix formula
a) Certificate of Billing
b) job order
d) extraction formula
Statement of work accomplished
b) Materials
Test Report
d) none of the abcve
What greatly influence the serviceability of an asphalt pavement?
a) quality of aggregates and climate
Initial rolling of bituminous mixes shall be performed with a ______ roller.
b) penetration grade and quantity of asphalt
a) vibrator
c) sheepfoot
c) density and compaction of completed pavement
b) pneumatic
d) none of the above
In asphalt pavement construction, how is the surface level of the complete
In abituminous mix sample, what is the % of asphalt by a) weight of
pavement check?
a) by T core test
b) by density test
aggregate and by b) weight of mix? Given the following data: Weight of dry
c) by the use of 3 meter straight edge
aggregates (after extraction) = 950 grams: Weight of Mix = 1010.
A. a) 6.32%
c) 6.0%
d) none of the above
What primarily influence the grade of asphalt to be selected?
B. a) 5.50%
b) 6.32%
c) 6.0%
d) 5.94%
a) penetration
c) climate
b) class of aggregate
d) temperature
What grade of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 30?
a) emulsified asphalt
c) blown asphalt
Who will approve the Job Mix Formula?
b) asphalt cement
d) none of the above
a) DPWH Project/Materials Engineer
b) Contractor
Problems regarding quality of construction materials shall be reported
c) Contractors Materials Engineer
directly by the Contractors Materials Engineer to the ____________.
a) DPWH Materials Engineer
c) Contractors Project Engineer
What control during the mixing and compaction of the bituminous
b) Contractor
d) none of the above
pavement is of great significance in the resulting pavement?
a) compaction
c) grading of aggregates
If the RC pipes in the forgoing problem is not cast in the field, how many
b) density
d) temperature
pipes will be required to be subjected to the Crushing Strength test?
a) 75 pcs.
b) 70 pcs.
c) 100 pcs
In asphalt pavement construction, there are three phases of rolling; what
kind of roller is required to be used for the final compaction and smoothing?
How many concrete cylinder samples are required for 3,500 pcs. of
a) pneumatic roller b) sheepfoot roller c) tandem- smooth wheeled roller
reinforced concrete pipes?
a) 14 sets of 3
c) 75 sets of 3
b) 140 sets of 3
d) none of the above
What is the maximum speed of the roller in compaction of asphalt
a) 4 kph
c) 8 kph
What is the bitumen obtained from the distillation coal or wood?
b) 5 kph
d) 6 kph
a) rock asphalt
c) emulsion
b) tar
d) none of the above
What shall be checked after final rolling?
a) degree of compaction
b) optimum asphalt content
c) quantity o
How do you reduce the viscosity of Medium Curing Cutback Asphalt?
By mixing it with _______.
a) gasoline
c) kerosene
When is the completed asphalt pavement opened to traffic?
b) diesel
d) emulsion
a) when the asphalt has cooled to atmospheric temperature
b) when the asphalt has cooled to +/- 10*C of the spreading temperature
What establish the exact percent of aggregates and asphalt content in a c) when asphalt is still hot
bituminous mix _______.

20 -


The apparatus used in determining the consistency of asphalt cement394.

This is the only class of riprap that may consist of round natural stones.
a) penetrometer
b) viscometer
Ans.. Class A Riprap
The surface of riprap shall not vary from the theoretical surface by more
How is the consistency of liquid asphalt determined?
than _________ mm. ay any point.
a) viscometer
b) Tag open cup
c) penetrometer
Ans.. 100 mm.






The Optimum Asphalt Content obtained in Marshall Stability Test is the396.

Fine aggregates of masonry shall all passes the ________ mm. sieve.
average asphalt content of the Maximum Stability, Maximum Bulk Specific
Ans.. 2.36 mm (No. 8 sieve )
Gravity, and _________________. a) 4% Air Voids
b) 2 mm flow
c) 5% mineral content
Mortar that is not used within ______ minutes after the water has been
added shall be discarded.
What test determines the safe working temperature of the asphalt?
Ans. 90 minutes
a) Ductility test
b) Flash Point Test
c) Stability Test
Maximum projection of rock faces beyond the pitch lines shall not be more
_________________ are usually tested for extraction.
than _____.
Ans.. 50 mm.
a) Asphalt Mixes
b) emulsions
c) asphalt cement
In hot or dry weather, the masonry shall be satisfactory protected from the
Steel bars for the concrete reinforcement are tested for their __________
sun and shall be kept wet for a period at least _________ after completion.
a) tensile and bending
b) compressive
Ans.. Three ( 3 ) days
c) crushing
For pavement markings, the composition of white paint shall be _______
What method is used in determining the strength of concrete pipes?
pigment and ______% of vehicle
a) third point loading method
Ans.. 42 45 % pigment
53 55% vehicle
b) center point loading method
c) three edge bearing method
The composition of yellow paint shall be _______ pigment and ______ vehicle
Ans.. 23% pigment and 77% vehicle
How many units shall be tested for strength, moisture and absorption in
a lot of 120,000 CHB
Ans.. 18 units
The __________ material shall be of such quality that it will not darken or
become yellow when a thin section is exposed to sunlight.
For 250 gallons of Reflectorized Traffic Paint, how many samples are
Ans.. Non volatile material
required to be submitted for Quality Testing?
a) 3 samples
b) 2 samples
c) 4 samples
___________ consist of beads of good quality, optically clear, lead free glass
with not less than 90% reasonably spherical and free from flows.
The bituminous mix should have a mass % of air voids within the range
Ans. Ballotini for reflective road paint
of __________.
a) 2 to 3%
b) 1 to 4%
c) 3
to 5%
___________ is a reflector which shall be the short base type having a
maximum base area of 180 mm x 140 mm.
Traffic paint shall be applied to the pavement at the rate of 0.33 li/sq. m. Ans. Flash surface reflective stud
and shall dry sufficiently to be free it from cracking from ___________.
Ans. 150to 30 mins.
The pads shall be highly resilient and durable rubber reinforced with canva
and shall have a design life of at least ____________.
Ans. Five ( 5 ) years

21 -


The reflectors shall have the minimum specific intensity value expressed
The application of sprayed bituminous coatings not involving the use of
as ______ of illumination.
aggregate is called_____.
Ans.. Candle power per foot candle
Ans. Bituminous application


The reflector shall support a vertical load of _____ when tested.

Ans. 10 KN


When raised profile type reflector are specified the approved _______
epoxy adhesive shall be used .
Ans. Two ( 2 ) parts


Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less than ________

mm. shall not be subject to a requirement for water absorption.
Ans. 9.5 mm


Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less than ________ 420.
A uniform application of a mixture of emulsified asphalt, fine aggregate,
mm. shall not be subject to a requirement for compaction.
mineral filler, and water to an existing pavement , single or multiple applicatio
Ans.. 13 mm.
may be used.
Ans. Slurry Seal


_____________ is an application of bituminous material applied for an

existing, relatively non-absorbent surface to provide a thorough bond between
old and new surfacing.
Ans. Tack Coat


A mixture of bituminous material and mineral aggregate usually prepared i

a conventional hot mix plant or drum mixer at a temperature of not more
than ______ and spread and compacted at the job site at a temperature above
Ans. 260*F
(127*C)/200*F (93*C)


__________ is an application of low viscosity bituminous material to an

absorptive surface designed to penetrate, bond, and stabilize this existing
surface and to promote adhesion between it and the new super-impose
Ans. Prime Coat

Strip of the joint filler that do not conform to the specified dimension 421.
within the permissible variation of ______ mm. thickness ________ in depth
shall be reflected.
Ans. +/- 1.6 to 0
thickness ;
+/- 3mm. in depth
These are finely divided residue that result from the combustion of
ground or powdered coal.
Ans. Fly Ash

____________ is a bituminous aggregate application to any type of road or

pavement surface for the purpose of providing a wearing course, or surface
seal or both.
Treatment and Seals

A light spray application of asphalt to an existing pavement as a seal to

inhibit raveling, or seal the surface or both.
___________ is a bituminous-sand application to an existing pavement to sea
Ans.. Fog Seal
the surface and to function as a light wearing course.
Ans. Sand Seal
A light application of bituminous material for the express purpose of
laying and bonding loose dust.
___________ is a spray application of bituminous material used to
Ans.. Dust Binder
temporarily stabilize a recently seeded area. The bituminous material can be
applied to the soil or to a straw or hay mulch as a tie down.
The aggregate that is graded from the maximum size, down to and
Ans. Mulch treatment
including filler, with the object of obtaining a bituminous mix with a
controlled void content and high stability is called.
Ans. Dense graded
___________ is a combination of bituminous material and aggregate that is
physically mixed by mechanical means, spread on the job site and compacted
Ans. Bituminous Aggregate Mixtures
The bituminous material used to fill and seal cracks in existing pavement
is called______.
Ans. Crack filler

22 -


__________ is a combination of bituminous material and mineral

aggregate applied at ambient temperature for use in patching holes,
depression and distress area in existing pavement.
Maintenance Mix

kg/cu. m. and average moisture content of 8.85%?

Ans. % degree of compaction = (dry density/Max. dry density ) x 100
= [2,335/(1+8.85/100)] / 2,250 x 100
= ( 2,145.15/2,250 ) x 100
= 9.34%


__________ is a pavement construction using essentially one-size

aggregate which penetrated in place by an application of high viscosity
bituminous material followed by an application of smaller size course
aggregate and thoroughly rolled,
Ans. Penetration Macadam


What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand cone?

Ans. ( 12.7 mm )


Soil properties can be improved by ____________.

a) Adequate compaction
c) Maximizing water content
b) Additional binder
d) Stabilization


The glass beads used in traffic paint shall have a minimum of ______ %
true spheres.
Ans. 70%
As construction progresses, you noticed that the materials delivered at the
The glass beads shall have a minimum refractive index of ______ .
project site are different from the one tested and passed the requirement, as
Ans. 1.50
Materials Engineer what would you do?
a) Authorize the use of the materials
The white thermoplastic material shall not exceed a yellowish index of
b) Conduct immediate retesting of the materials for verification purposes
Ans. 0.12
c) Reject materials
d) Replace the materials
The thermoplastic material shall have a maximum percent residue of
_____ after heating at 8 +/- 0.5 hours at 218 +/- 2*C
What is the test criteria for RCPC test with three ( 3 ) Edge Bearing Test?
Ans. 28%
a) 0.3 mm.
c) 0.5 mm.
b) 0.4 mm.
d) 0.6 mm.
The softening point of thermoplastic paint should be _______.
Ans. 102.5+/-9.5*C
The Immersion Compression test is prepared to determine_________.
a) ductility
c) stability
What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test especially if it deals
b) solubility
d) flexibility
with chemical?
Ans. Distilled Water
The use of sea water in reinforced concrete is not allowed due to
Liquid limit brass cup with a sample is raised and allowed to drop sharply ____________.
a) no effect
on the base through a height of what?
b) cause of reduction in ultimate strength of concrete
Ans. 10 mm.
c) induce corrosion of R.S.B
d) b and c
How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit device be
Ans. 2 rotation per seconds
If the soil is properly compacted at MDD it will __________.
a) increase stability/strength
What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT ?
b) minimize future settlement
Ans. Any clean, dry, free- flowing, uncemented and passing # 10 and
c) decrease permeability
retained # 200 sieve
d) all of the above

What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum dry density

Asphalt construction, compaction must be completed before the mixture
of 2,250 kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole is equivalent to 2,335
cools to _______.
a) 165*F

23 -

60*C )
b) 175*F ( 65*C )

c) 185*F ( 71*C )
d) 195*F ( 76*C )


Different brand of cement should not be allowed because _____________.

a) different in texture
c) varies in strength
b) different in color when dried


Which contractor are required by DPWH to own the minimum material

testing equipment for pre-qualification purposes?
An apparatus used for field density test is called ___________.
a) small
c) large
a) Sand cone
c) Nuclear density meter
b) medium
d) all of the above
b) Rubber balloon
d) all of the above


As percent asphalt increases in Marshall stability test, the % Air

a) increases
c) remains
d) a or b







Thickness tolerance in the construction of sub- base course is ____________.

a) +/- 10 mm.
c) +/- 5 mm.
b) +/- 20 mm.
d) +/- 15 mm.

PH value of water used in concrete is ___________.
The aggregate component contribute to shear strength and stability of
a) 4 to 6
c) 6 to 10
bituminous mixture . The desirable shape and surface texture of aggregate
b) 6 to 8
d) 3 to 5
is _________.
a) round and smooth surface
c) round and rough texture
b) angular and 458.
In what item of work emulsified asphalt and cut back asphalt used?
smooth surface
d) angular and rough texture
a) Tack Coat
c) Seal Coat
b) Prime Coat
d) Bituminous Surface Course Hot- Laid
You can classify a soil sample in accordance to AASHTO through
a) Grain size analysis
What is the boundary between Coarse and Fine aggregates used in
both a and b
b) Atterberg limit
a) passing No. 3/8 sieve
d) none of the above
passing No. 6 sieve
b) passing No. 4
d) passing No. 8 sieve
Who should take samples of materials and bring them to the laboratory
for acceptance purposes?
The purpose of trial section is to check ___________________.
a) DPWH Materials Engineer
c) Contractors Project Engineer
a) the suitability of materials
b) Contractors Materials Engineer
d) DPWH Project Engineer
b) the efficiency of the equipment
c) the construction method proposed to be used
How do you determine the diameter of RSB?
d) all of the above
a) by Vernier Caliper
b) by unit weight
In FDT, the volume of hole is determined by what?
Cement which has been in storage for so long period that there is
a) Sand to fill hole over unit weight of dry sand
already doubt as to its quality should be _____________.
b) Total material taken from hole over volume of hole
a) retested prior to use
c) authorized to use
c) Wet unit weight over 1 + MC/100
b) not to used
d) Dry unit weight over MDD x 100
In abrasion test, a sample of 5,000 grams was subjected to abrasion, a462.
What is the average compressive strength of the load bearing concrete
2,000 grams sample was retained in no. 12 sieve after washing, what is the
hollow blocks?
a) 1,000 psi
c) 600 psi
abrasion loss?
a) 50
b) 800 psi
d) 1,200 psi
c) 60
b) 40
d) 30

24 -




The surface condition of tack coat before the next course should be
applied is _______.
a) wet
c) dry
b) sticky
d) plastic

c) Three ( 3 ) Meter Straight Edge

d) Benkelman Beam

The contractor shall give the Engineer at least _______ days notice prior
to the beginning of work at the mill or shop where the metal structure has
been manufactured or fabricated, so that the required inspection may be
a) 14
c) 21
b) 17
d) 15

This an equipment which is used to measure differential deflection betwee

joints of a concrete pavement to determine the modulus of the existing slabs
for use in the design of an overlay.
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrometer
b) Falling Weight Deflectometer
c) Benkelman Beam
d) Merlin Road Roughness Measuring Device

The request for recoring shall be made by the contractor within _________
weeks after the official result of the coring test has been released if the
structure failed to meet strength requirement.
a) one ( 1 )
c) three ( 3 )
b) two ( 2 )
d) four ( 4 )

In the foregoing illustration determine the average thickness of PCCP.

Actual Measurement
a) 23.433
b) 23.43
c) 23.4
d) 23.4333
Vibrator shall not be operated longer than ______ seconds in any one
a) 10
c) 20
b) 15
d) 25
How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit device be
a) three ( 3 ) rotations per second
b) two and a half (2 ) rotations per second
c) two ( 2 ) rotations per second
d) one and a half ( 1 ) rotations per second
What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT?
a) passing sieve No. 30 retained No. 200
b) passing sieve No. 20 retained No. 200
c) passing sieve No. 10 retained No. 200
d) None of the above
When placing concrete, what is the required temperature of concrete?
a) less than 29*C
c) less than 30*C
b) less than 28*C
d) less than 31*C
In PCCP coring, what is the specified thickness of an individual
measurement that shall not be included in the average?
a) less than 20 mm.
c) less than 25 mm.
b) more than 20 mm.
d) more than 25 mm.


A revised design strength for concrete works was set forth from 14 days
to 7 days for concrete pavement for national roads and _____ days for major
interchanges and busy intersection thus minimizing occurrence of road
a) seven
c) six ( 6 )
b) three ( 3 )
d) four ( 4 )
Compressive strength for mortar samples test at 3 days and 7 seven
days can be considered for acceptance provided the strength of the samples
at 7 days is not less than ________ Mpa which is 85% of the compressive 473.
strength for 28 days
a) 22.08
c) 23.45
d) 21.53

The use of Fly Ash concrete mix as mineral admixture in PCCP and as 474.
______ % replaces the Portland cement in concrete mix.
a) 15
c) 25
b) 20


This is an instrument used to measure pavement deflections resulting475.

from vehicle wheel loading. The results of the elastic deformation test are
used to evaluate the structural condition of roads, and to help in the design
of road strengthening measure and road capacity improvement
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrator
b) Falling Weight Deflectometer

25 -










__________ is the wearing away of the pavement surface caused by the

dislodging of aggregate particles.
a) Rutting
c) Shoving
b) Raveling
d) Corrugation
This is the stage in compaction in which all free air is expelled and
replaced by water, if further pressure is applied to the soil mass, the
tendency is to reduce its volume.
a) wetting 488.
c) saturation stage
b) swelling stage
d) none of the above
In this stage, additional water replaces some of the entrapped air and
the soil particles move closer together with a resulting increase in density.
a) wetting stage
c) lubricating stage
b) swelling stage
d) all of the above
All boring during soil exploration survey shall generally be carried to a
depth of at least ______ meter below the proposed grade line.
a) one ( 1 )
c) 0.30
b) two and half ( 2 )
d) 0.50
What is the factor that will influence the construction of stabilized road?
a) Depletion of the supply of economically available materials
b) High cost involved in the construction of the conventional types of road491.
c) If the road structure may be built by stages, and a properly designed road
might function briefly as a wearing course
d) All of the above
What is the meaning of ASTM?
a) American Standard for Testing Materials
b) American Standard for Testing and Materials
c) American Society for Testing Materials
American Society for Testing and Materials
In sampling bituminous materials, the composite samples taken from a
number of drums should have a size sufficient for testing and should not be
less _____ as called for in the guidelines on the submission of samples.
a) 5 liters
c) 10 liters
b) 4 liters
d) 6 liters
For semi solid materials, samples should be taken at the center of the
containers at least _____ mm. below the surface and 75 mm. from the sides
with the aid of a clean hatcher or patty knife.
a) 100
b) 85
d) 50
__________ test classify the different asphalts into types and the different
types into grades.
a) Quality test
c) Ductility test
b) Consistency test
d) All of the above
This is the most important volatilization test on liquid asphalt products,
its gives information as to the actual amount of constituents remove at

26 -

definite temperature.
a) Extraction test
c) Evaporation test
Distillation test
d) Softening test
This test indicate the purity of asphalt.
a) Specific Gravity
c) Solubility
b) Viscosity
d) Ductility
This is the most important factor which influence the stability of bituminou
a) Gradation of mineral aggregate
b) Shape and surface texture of aggregate
c) Hardness of aggregate particles
d) All of the above
The principal factor that effect the flexibility of bituminous mixture is
a) the quality of bituminous binder
b)the quality of mineral filler
c) temperature susceptibility of the binder
d) all of the above
The application temperature of emulsified asphalt ranges from ___________.
a) 66* to 107*C
c) 20* to 66*C
b) 10* to 71*C
d) 15* to 66*C
Concrete deposited in water shall be Class A concrete with a minimum
cement factor of _______ per cubic meter of concrete.
a) 12 bags per cu. m.
c) 11 bags per cu. m.
b) 10 bags per cu. m.
d) 9 bags per cu. m.
A tremie shall consist of a tube having a diameter of not less than ______
mm. constructed in section s having flanged couplings fitted with gasket with a
hopper at the top.
a) 200
c) 250
b) 300
d) 150
The fine aggregate used in stone masonry mortar shall all pass No.____
a) 40
c) 30
b) 8
d) 3/8
The coarse aggregate used in Bituminous Concrete is _________.
a) retained on a 2.36 mm. ( No. 8 sieve )
b) retained on a 4.75 mm (No. 4 sieve )
c) retained on a 19.00 mm. ( No. sieve )
d) both a and b
As Materials Engineer, will you permit the use of salvage soil aggregate for
lie stabilized road mix base course?
a) Yes
c) It depends
b) No
d) Let the DPWH Project Engineer to decide
Is the accredited private testing laboratories owned by companies involved
in the supply of construction materials for DPWH project be allowed to test
their own products?
a) Yes
c) It







b) No 504.
d) Either a or c
For small projects where the quantity of steel bars is less than 10,000
kgs. What may be required as a basis of acceptance.
a) P.E. Certificate
c) Inspection Report
b) Mill Certificate
d) All of the above
Lumber is considered well seasoned when its moisture content is
between _________.
a) 10 to 16%
c) 10 to
b) 14 to 18%
d) 15 to 20%
Flushing of bitumen to the surface after belting or screeding the hot
mixture denotes rich mixture.
a) true
b) false
neither of the two
Unsuitable materials are those materials containing detrimental
quantities of organic materials, such as grass, roots, and sewerage and 508.
those that is _____________.
a) high organic soils
b) soils with liquid limit exceeding 80 and / or PI > 55
c) soils with very low density, 800kg/cu. m. or below
d) all of the above
The set of cylinders for each project shall be numbered consecutively
beginning with 1 and three specimens should be identified as A, B, and C. At
the early stage of pouring, the laboratory should be requested to break the
A cylinders at 7 days to check what?
a) If the structure
should be put in service at early stage
b) to check the mix design
c) To check if there is unusual development when admixture is used
d) All of the above
The field specimen should be cured from 4 to 7 days at the project under
moist conditions obtained by __________.
a) covering with wet sand
b) covering with saw-dust
c) covering with palay-strw
d) all of the above
The cured cylindrical samples shall be transported to the Regional
Laboratory or any testing laboratory accredited by the DPWH in
a) on top of sand
b) carefully packed and crated surrounded with damp sawdust or palay
c) on boxes with sand surrounding the
d) all of the

27 -

The penetration grade of concrete joint sealer, hot poured elastic type is
a) 80 - 100
c) 100 - 120
b) below 90
d) 40 60
The CBR is generally selected at what penetration?
a) 5.08 mm.
c) 2.54 mm.
b) 3.1 mm.
d) 3.50 mm.
A soil aggregate that has a CBR value of 20 means that in the condition
tested, the resistance to penetration of the standard piston was ______ of the
standard resistance of a compacted soil or aggregate.
a) 40%
c) 10%
b) 20%
d) 80%
For liquid asphaltic materials, these are run on the residue after distillation
a) consistency test
c) ductility test
b) quality test
d) cement mixing test
The basic aim of compaction is to produce a soil mass that will satisfy what
a) settlement
c) permeability
b) stability
d) all of the above
When do the embankment become friable in dry weather , ravel at the
edges and abrade severely under traffic and will become dusty in service and
much of the binder soil is simply blown away during the dry season.
a) the embankment is non- plastic
b) the embankment lacks compaction
c) materials fails CBR test
d) none of the above
When the embankment tends to soften in wet weather, and PCCP
constructed of such material develop ruts under traffic an d may shift and
shove to develop a wash board surface, the plasticity index of such material is
a) P.I. is too high
c) P.I. is too low
b) neither
d) both a & b
What is the allowable smooth riding quality of PCCP?
a) 5.00 mm.
c) 3.00 mm.
b) 8.00 mm.
d) 6.00 mm.
What is the penetration grade of bitumen prime coat?
a) 60 70
c) 85 100
b 120 150
d) none of the above
The spraying application temperature of all grades of asphalt cement
should not be more than ________.
a) 211*C
c) 135*C
b) 159*C
d) 204*C


What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat using cut back
Bituminous stabilization in the process of mixing intimately pulverized soil
a) 0.5 to 0.7 liters/sq. m.
c) 1.0 to 1.1
and bituminous material. What is the minimum bearing capacity (soaked CBR
liters/sq. m.
b) 1.0 to 2.0
of the mixture?
a) 80%
c) 98%
liters/sq. m.
d) 1.10 to 2.0 liters/sq.m.
b) 100%
d) 95%


What is the weight boulders required for class A grouted riprap?

a) 10 to 25 kgs
c) 15 to 30 kgs.
b) 15 to 25 kgs.
d) 20 to 30 kgs.


Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory test, the

degree of compaction required for aggregate subbase should be at least
a) 95%
c) 100%
b) 98%
d) 90%



Where to determine the amount of mixing water to use when

compacting the soil in the field to attain maximum density.
a) Trial Section
c) Control Strip
b) Field Density Test
d) Lab. Compaction Test



For soil classification purposes as in AASHTO M45, what is not required?

a) combined sieve and mechanical analysis
b) sieve analysis
c) the wash test
d) none of the above


This is widely used to control the characteristics of soil which are to be

incorporated in roadways.
a) The Limit Test
c) The Group Index
b) The soil classification
d) all of the above
In direct shear test, the soil is sheared to failure by moving one part of
the soil sample relatively to the other part along a pre-determined plane.
When several test are made on a soil under different normal loads and the
results are plotted in arithmetic scales, the resulting line is made in the form
of ____________.
a) straight line
c) parabola
b) hyperbola
d) semi-elliptical

Portland cement stabilization roadmix base course is an intimate mixture o

pulverized soil, Portland cement and water which is thoroughly compacted
while in a moist condition to form a structural road material when the cement
hydrates and crystallizes. What is the mass percent wear of soil aggregate
used in this stabilization?
a) 40%
c) not more than 40%
b) 45%
d) 50%
For a rich mixture of cement in concrete, what determines the flexural
strength of the concrete?
a) Mortar strength
c) both a & b
b) the strength of aggregate
d) the water/cement ratio

This is a new method of soil stabilization being introduced to improved the

properties of soil which is effective and at the same time cheaper.
a) Stabilization by the use of Geotextiles
b) Cement stabilization
c) Bituminous stabilization
d) Lime stabilization

As per guidelines on submission of samples, laboratory trial mixes should

be made on aggregates which are proposed tube used for the first time, in this
case what is the weight of fine aggregates to be submitted for testing?
a) 100 kgs.
c) 50 kgs.
b) 70 kgs.
d) 80 kgs.

The phosphorous content of reinforcing steel bars bigger than 9.0 mm shal
not exceed _______.
a) 0.18%
b) 0.06%
c) 0.08%
d) 0.05%

The permissible variation of reinforcing steel bars bigger than 9.0 mm. sha
not exceed _____.
a) 10%
b) 5%
c) 8%
d) 6%

In conducting soil exploration survey, what equipment you will use in 529.
A type of cement that sets and hardens by chemical interaction with water
obtaining undisturbed samples.
and is capable of doing so underwater.
a) split spoon sampler
c)screw type soil auger sampler
a) Portland Cement
b) Hydraulic Cement
b) thin-walled sampler
d) Post-hole auger sampler
c) Air-Retaining Portland Cement d) All of the above

28 -







The spacing center to center of circumferential reinforcement of all pipes (moisture-density relation) d) CBR e) Abrasion Test (Mass percent of Wear)
shall not exceed its wall thickness and shall in no case exceed
f) Unit weight g) Moisture Content
a) 150 mm.
b) 200 mm.
c) 100
What are the common field test?
d) 250 mm.
Ans. To determine the degree of compaction of soil or it is a control test in
embankment construction to ensure adequate compaction
Oversanded and undersanded concrete mixtures require more water in
order to be workable but will only result to ______________.
What is moisture content?
a) good surface texture
b) water tightens
Ans. It is the amount of water present in the soil
c) weak strength
d) all of the above
What is the different between natural moisture content with hydroscopic
For every lean mixes or low cement content of the mixture, What
moisture content?
Ans. Natural moisture content is the moisture of
determines the flexural strength of the concrete.
undisturbed soil sample while hydroscopic moisture content is the moisture of
a) The strength of aggregate
b) The mortar strength
air-dried soil sample.
c) The water cement ratio
d) All of the above
What is the formula used for moisture content determination?
This is a method of determining in-place density of soil that can be used
Ans. Moisture Content = (wt. Of water/wt. Of oven dried sample) x 100
satisfactorily in moist, cohesive fine grained material only. The sample is
obtained by forcing a small thin walled cylinder into the material with a 543.
Weighing hot sample is not advisable as it affects the accuracy of result.
driving head and hammer or other suitable apparatus.
Ans. True
Drive Cylinder Method
What are the methods use in reducing samples from the field to testing
This method of test is intended to determine the density of cohesive soil size?
Ans. 1) sample splitter
2) quartering
and stabilized soil by measuring the weight and volume of undisturbed
Ans. Block, Chunk or 545.
What is the required temperature for oven drying the soil sample?
Core Sampling
Ans. 110*C +/- 5*C
This method covers the determination of the density in-place of
How can you determine if the soil sample is already oven dried?
compacted or firmly bonded soil by using a flexible membrane and liquid
Ans. dried if it reached its constant weight
that can be used to measure the volume of a test hole soil with an accuracy
within 1.0%.
How to prepare or to come up with air-dried soil sample?
Ans. By Rubber Balloon Method
Ans. air dry the sample under the heat of the sun


This method covers the determination of the total or wet density of soil
If impossible to air-dry the sample under the heat of the sun what
and soil aggregate in-place by the attenuation of gamma rays, where the
alternative should be used?
Ans. oven dry the sample at 60*C
gamma detector, or both, remains at or near the surface.
Ans. Nuclear Method
Sample for compaction test should pass to what sieve?
Ans. method A & B use sample passing sieve #4; method C & D use sample
What are the three major groups of soil?
passing #3/4
Ans. 1) granular 2) fine grained 3) organic
What is the difference between T-99 and T-180 compaction test method?
What are the common laboratory test required for soil?
Ans. T-99 uses 2.5kg.(5.5lbs.) rammer with a drop of 12 height, while T-180
Ans. a) sieve analysis b) plastic and liquid limit test c) compaction test
uses 4.54kg.(10 lbs.) rammer with a drop of 18 height

29 -


What are the particle size analysis?

Ans. It is the determination of particle size distribution in soil by sieve,
hydrometer, or combined analysis



What are the other terms or particles size analysis?

What is the approximate area for density control strip?
Ans. 1) sieve analysis 2) mechanical analysis 3) grading test/analysis
Ans. 335 sq. m.


What is the liquid limit?

What is the maximum depth of roadway embankment per horizontal layer
Ans. it is the lowest moisture content at which the soil will flow upon the
in loose measurement?
application of a very small shearing force.
Ans. 200 mm. ( 8 )


The liquid limit is expressed as the moisture content corresponding to 566.

What item of work is embankment?
what number of blows?
Ans. 25 blows
Ans. Item 104


What test are used in soil classification?

Ans. 1) grading or sieve analysis 2) plastic and liquid limit


What is specific gravity?

Ans. It is a gravimetric-volumetric relationship in soils (or defined as the ratio
of the wt in air of an equal volume of water at a stated temp.)

What is the kind of material used for item 200?

Ans. Aggregate subbase course


What is plastic limit?

What is the required particle size for selected borrow for topping under item
Ans. It is the minimum moisture content at which the soil can be readily
104 (embankment)?
molded without breaking or crumbling
Ans. All particle size will pass a sieve 75 mm. or 3 square opening and not
more than 15% will pass 0.075 mm. (No. 20) AASHTO 11
What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test especially if it deals
with chemicals?
Ans. Distilled water
P.I. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is __________.
Ans. 6 maximum
Liquid limit brass cup with sample is raised allowed to drop sharply on
the base through a height of what?
L.L. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is ____________.
Ans. 10 mm.
Ans. 30 maximum

How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit device be571.
What is the LL requirement for item 200 (aggregate subbase course)
Ans. 2 rotations per second
passing sieve # 40?
Ans. 12 maximum


In doing a plastic limit test, to what diameter shall the soil thread began
Coarse portion retained on sieve # 10 (2.00 mm.) of item 200 shall have a
to break?
Ans. 3.2 mm. ( 1/8 )
mass percent of wear by Los Angeles Abrasion test of _______________.
Ans. 50% maximum
What is the formula for plastic limit?
Ans. PL = (Wa Wb)/Wb x 100
The required CBR value for item 300?
Where: Wa = original wt of crumbled soil thread
Ans. 25% minimum (AASHTO T 180 method D)
Wb = wt of oven dried crumbled soil
What is the minimum percent field density or degree of compaction for item
What is Plastic Index (PI)?
104 (embankment)?
Ans. It is the difference between the liquid limit and the plastic limit; PI =
Ans. 95% minimum

30 -


What is the minimum degree of compaction for item 200 and 201?
Ans. 100% minimum



What is the highest point in moisture density curve of the moisture

density relation test or compaction test of soil represent?
Ans. MDD(Maximum Dry Density) and OMC (Optimum Moisture Content)585.


What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT?

Ans. Any clean, dry, free-flowing uncemented sand passing # 10 and
retained # 200 sieves


What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum dry density

2,250kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole equivalent to 2,335kg/cu.
m. and an average moisture content of 8.85%?
Ans. % Degree of Compaction = (Dry density/Max. dry density) x 100
Where ; Dry density = Wet density/(1+MC/100)
Wet density = wt of soil filled in a hole/volume of hole
% degree of compaction = {(2,335)/[1+(8.85/100)] x 100}/2,250
= (2,145.15/2,250) x 100
= 95.34%



Is the soil for No.45 passed the item 104 requirement for % degree of
Ans. G or Grading = 2
P or Plasticity = 2
C or Compaction = 2
D or Density = three in-site density test/500 sq. m.


What are the test required for concrete aggregates?

Ans. 1) Fine Agg: Grading, specific gravity, absorption, dry unit wt.
2) Coarse Agg: grading, specific gravity, absorption, dry unit wt, and abrasion
Note: soundness is also tested as per request
What is the maximum mass % of wear by Los Angeles Abrasion Test?
Ans. 40% maximum
What is the required speed of Los Angeles Abrasion Machine per minute?
Ans. 30 to 33 rpm
What is the size or diameter and weight of cast-iron spheres use in
Ans. Approximately 46.8 mm dia. and
weighing between 390-455 grams
What is the required total wt. of sample for abrasion test of coarse
aggregate grading A with 12 number of sphere?
Ans. 5,000 grams +/- 25 grams

What is the significance of abrasion test?

Ans. It evaluate the structural strength of coarse aggregates
- gives an indication of quality as determined by resistance to impact and wea
- it determines whether the aggregate will have degradation during traffic or
Quality test for cement is represented by how many bags of cement?
Ans. 2,000 bags or fraction thereof

What are the test and number of test needed for 2,960 cu. m. Aggregate
Base Course?
Ans. sand cone, jug (at least 4 liters), guide 591.
What is the sieve use in sieving materials from Abrasion Machine?
plate, moisture cans, sand, weighing scale, oven with temperature control,
Ans. Sieve # 12 (1.70 mm.)
chisel or digging tools, plastic bags and labeling materials (tag number)
Testing machine should be calibrated once every six (6) months if possible
What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand cone?
but if it not possible what is the required time should the machine be
Ans. inch (12.7 mm.)
Ans. Once a year

How many hours does a fine aggregates tested for specific gravity and593.
What is the percent tolerance of error in calibrating the machine?
absorption be soaked in water?
Ans. +/- 1%
Ans. 15 to 19 hrs.
What do you call a sample for concrete pavement?
How will you determine if the fine aggregates reaches the saturated
Ans. Concrete beam sample
surface dry condition?
Ans. It is determine by the use of cone test for
surface moisture and if the molded shape of fine aggregate slump slightly595.
How many sample should be taken for every 75 cu, m. of fresh concrete?
indicates that it has reached a surface-dry condition.
Ans. 3 pcs. sample or 1 set sample

31 -


What do you call the sample for structural concrete?

Ans. Concrete cylinder sample


What is the test use to determine the consistency of concrete?

Ans. Slump test





Concrete Masonry (hollow blocks) if subject to test, how many sample is

Ans. 6 pcs./10,000 units
12 pcs. if more
than 10,000 units


What is the strength requirement for load bearing concrete masonry units?
Ans. individual = 5.5 Mpa (800 psi) minimum
Average(for 3 samples) = 4.14 Mpa (600 psi) minimum

How to compute for the slump of concrete?

Ans. Slump = Ht. Of slump cone ht. Of fresh concrete after subsidence

What is the significance of testing reinforcing steel bars?
Ans. to determine the yield and tensile strength of the bar as well as its
How to compute for the compressive strength of concrete cylinder
elongation and is used to classify the bars into grade
Ans. CS = P/A
where: P = loads, lbs.
A = area, sq. m.
A = [rD(sq)] / 4 =
28.27 sq. m
What is the required length of RSB for testing?
Ans. 1 meter/10,000 kgs./size/shipment
At what age should a concrete beam sample be tested for flexural test?
Ans. 4 days
What is the significance of bending test for RSB?
Ans. to evaluate the ductile properties of RSB
How to compute the flexural strength for third point loading test?
Ans. R = (PL)/(bxdxd) = P(18)/(6 x 6 x 6) = P/12
What is the required size of test specimen for G.I. sheets?
where: R = modulus of rupture
Ans. 60 mm. x 60 mm. ( 3pcs. from one sheet/100 sheets
P = Load in lbs. or tons
L = span length in inches
What is the required sample for paint?
b = base in inches
Ans. 1 can ( gal. or pail )/100 cans (gal. or pail )
d = depth in inches
What kind of paint had reflectance in the form of beads?
What is the minimum flexural strength for third point loading test?
Ans. Reflectorized Traffic Paint
Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)
What is the common components of house paint?
What is the minimum flexural strength for center point loading test?
Ans. pigment and vehicle
Ans. 4.5 Mpa (650 psi)
What is this construction material that is dark brown to black cementatious
How to compute for flexural strength at center point loading?
material in which the predominating constituent are bitumen?
Ans. R = (3PL)/(bxdxd) = 3P(18)/2x9x6x6
Ans. Asphalt


Which part of the batch for fresh concrete should the sample be taken617.
What asphalt is commonly called hot asphalt?
from a stationary mixers, revolving drum truck mixers or agitators?
Ans. Asphalt cement
Ans. two or more regular intervals during discharge of middle portion of the
What are liquid asphalt?
Ans. Cut-back asphalt and Emulsified Asphalt
What is the size of tamping rod use in sampling concrete?
Ans. 16 mm. (5/8 inches) diameter and 610 mm. (24 inches) long with the
What is the use of blown asphalt or hard asphalt?
tamping end rounded to a hemispherical tip of the same dia. as the rod
Ans. Use as joint filler or water proofing

32 -


SS-1 or SS-1h is what kind of asphalt?

Ans. Slow Setting Emulsified Asphalt



If concrete cylinder sample for RCP is not available for compression test on
(1) whole piece RCP for every 50 pcs. RCP will be submitted for quality test.
Ans. True

What are the three (3) kinds of Emulsified Asphalt?

Ans. Rapid Setting, Medium Setting and Slow Setting


One set (3 pcs ) concrete cylinder sample shall be taken for every how
many pieces of RCP?
Ans. 25 pcs.

What asphalt contains water?

Ans. Emulsified Asphalt


In submitting samples for testing, what particular form is being

Ans. sample card

What is the penetration grade for blown asphalt?

Ans. 0 to 30


as a Materials Engineer of the project what is the report accomplished

every week?
Ans. Quality Control Assurance Report

What is the ideal penetration grade of asphalt use in Tropical Region?

Ans. 85 to 100 (but some uses 60 to 70)
Tack coat is used in an existing bituminous or concrete pavement.
Ans. True


How to determine the proportion of cement , water, fine aggregates and

coarse aggregates?
Ans. by means of Concrete Design Mix

What is the rate of application of bituminous tack coat?

Ans. 0.2 to 0.7 liter/ sq. m.


How to determine the thickness of pavement?

Ans. by means of concrete core

What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat?

Ans. 1 to 2 liters/sq.m.


How to determine the asphalt content of bituminous mix?

Ans. by means of extraction test

For how many hours or how long shall a bituminous prime coat left
Ans. 24 hrs.


In an extraction test, aside from the asphalt what other materials being
Ans. Aggregates or composite aggregates
( minerals of fine & coarse aggregates)


What is being determined in a core sample from asphalt pavement/

Ans. thickness of pavement and density of pavement


What kind of asphalt is used as prime coat?

Ans. Cut-back asphalt (medium curing or rapid curing)


Bituminous prime coat is use to treat surface of base course.

Ans. True


What do you call the report to be submitted at end of the month?

Ans. Monthly Materials Report

All records regarding quality control such as accomplishment, daily
No tack coat or prime coat shall be applied when the weather is foggy or activities, weather etc. are recorded in a ________.
Ans. Materials Log Book
Ans. True

The standard penetration test (SPT) is an in-site test that measures what?
Ans. depth of soil layer


What kind of asphalt is used as tack coat?

Ans. cut-back asphalt (rapid curing) or emulsified asphalt


Which of the following bituminous material is best recommended for sealin
Where should the bituminous seal coat be used?
Ans. on an existing bituminous surface course with or without an application weakened plane joints?
Ans. Joint Filler Asphalt (commonly called hard asphalt)
of aggregates

33 -


The main problem associated with wrong practice of conveying concrete

is called ______.
Ans. Segregation


The specification call for 1:2:3 concrete mix. In one bagger mixer, which
of the following amount of water is most likely required for the mix?
Ans. 20 i\liters
A one lane road, with a pavement width of 3.5 meters and shoulder
width of 0.5 meter on each side of the pavement, was designed to have
subbase and base courses with a combined thickness of 300 mm. If the
thickness of the subbase is a 125 mm. the spreading and compaction of the
subbase and base course shall be carried out in ______.
Ans. 3 layer over the full width of 4.5 m.
as Material Engineer, what is the area of trial section that you would
recommend to check the suitability of the materials and efficiency of the
equipment to be used for item 310, Bituminous Concrete Surface course?660.
Ans. about 500 sq. m.

No it does not meet the specification of item 310 since the specification of IRS
is 70% minimum while the resulting IRS is only 50%
Quality Control testing in a DPWH project is the responsibility of the
Ans. DPWH and Contractors Materials Engineers
As Material Engineer, when is the right time to start sampling and testing
aggregates of the course materials?
Ans. before the course materials be incorporated in the project
The spot test on asphalt is used to determine what?
Ans. overheating during manufacture

Under what climatic condition(s) do we use the lower penetration grades o

hard asphalt?
Ans. hot climate
Sampling of the freshly mixed concrete should be taken on the _______
batch discharge of the transit mixer.
Ans. middle

Per program of work, the estimated volume of item 201 materials is

7,500 cu. m. How many grading and plasticity test are required based on 661.
Soft and unstable soils were encountered during the course of subgrade
DPWH minimum testing requirements?
Ans. 25 grading and 25
preparation. If you were the Materials Engineer assigned to the project, what is
the most effective and cheaper method that you would recommend to
stabilized the soil prior to the construction of the subbase course?
Bituminous concrete mixes contain asphalt by weight equivalent to
Ans. Geotextiles
Ans. 5 to 8%
How many times per layer should a concrete specimen molded in a
Quality of factory-produced reinforced concrete pipes may be best
6x6x21 beam mold be rodded?
established through what?
Ans. Test of concrete pipe samples
Ans. 63 times

Where do we take additional cores when the measurement of any core663.

What is the basis for acceptance or rejection of any construction materials?
taken from the pavement is deficient in thickness by more than 25 mm?
Ans. Materials Test Report
Ans. At no less than 5 meters intervals parallel to the centerline in each
direction from the affected location
In testing concrete cylinder sample the load applied should be continuous
without shock at a constant rate within the range of _______ per second.
The results of Immersion-Compression test conducted on an asphalt mix Ans. 0.14 to 0.34 Mpa per second or 20 to 50 psi per second
sample are as follows: Dry stability = 2,000 Kpa
Wet stability = 1,000 Kpa
During the application of the first half of the anticipated load a _______ rate
What is the resulting index of retained strength? Does it meet the
of loading shall be permitted.
specification requirement of item 310 Bituminous Concrete Course?
Ans. higher rate
Ans. Index of Retained strength = (Wet stability/Dry stability) x 100
= (1,000 Kpa/2,000 Kpa) x 100
Initial rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a _____ roller.
= 50%
Ans. Pneumatic Tire Roller

34 -


Final rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a _________ roller.

Ans. 3-wheel or Tandem type steel wheel roller

Ans. No, because the required tolerance for % asphalt in a job-mix formula is


Rolling of bituminous mix shall be discounted whenever it begins to

produce excessive ______ or ________.
Ans. pulverizing of the aggregate or displacement of the mixture

Which is not the duty or responsibility of Materials Engineer?

Ans. quantity of construction materials








Which is the duty or responsibility of a Materials engineer?
Final rolling shall be continued until roller marks are eliminated and a
Ans. quality of construction materials
minimum of _____ mass percent of the density of the laboratory compacted
specimens prepared in accordance with AASHTO T160 has been obtained.679.
Problem regarding quality of construction materials shall be reported
Ans. 95 mass percent
directly by the contractors Materials Engineer to the __________.
Ans. DPWH Materials Engineer
sample from compacted bituminous mix shall be neatly cut by saw or
core drill. Each sample shall be at least ____________.
How many concrete cylinder is required for a 3,000 pcs. reinforced concret
Ans. 150 mm. x 150 mm. or 100mm diameter full depth
pipe culvert?
Ans. 120 sets (consisting of 3 pcs. concrete cylinder per
For surface tolerance the surface (bituminous mix) will be check by the
use of a _____ at sites selected by the Engineer.
If the concrete cylinder is not available for a 3,000 pcs. culvert pipes, how
Ans. 3 meter straight edge
many pipes shall be subjected to test?
Ans. 60 pcs. culvert pipes
What is the sample requirement for paving concrete for every 75 cu. m.
or fraction thereof?
Ans. One (1) set (consisting of 3 pcs.) concrete
What kind of test that requires calibrated sand in filling the hole in order to
beam sample
determine the volume of hole?
Ans. Field Density Test (FDT)
In testing bituminous mix sample for Immersion-Compression Stability
the sample is soaked in water bath for ______ days.
What do you call the test using a rammer and a mold?
Ans. four (4)
Ans. Moisture Density Relation Test or Compaction Test
Given: Wt. of dry aggregate = 950 grams
Wt. of asphalt
= 50 grams
What is the total % of asphalt weight of total mix
Ans. Wt. of total mix = wt. of dry agg. + wt. of asphalt
= 950 + 50 = 1,000 grams
therefore: (50grams/1,000grams) x 100 = 5%


What kind of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 to 30 mm.?

Ans. Blown Asphalt


If there is a necessary to add water to the concrete mix in order to increase

is workability (provided concrete does not exceed specified slump). How many
minutes after the initial of the mixing does adding of water be permitted?
Ans. not exceeding 45 minutes and that water cement ratio is not exceeded


Does the percent asphalt in problem above meet the required

specification for percent asphalt in bituminous mixes? Why?
What is the percent weight of aggregates (coarse, fine and mineral filler) in
Ans. yes, because standard specification for percent asphalt in bituminous
the mixture of bituminous concrete surface coarse?
mixes is 5 to 8%
Ans. 92 to 95%


If the actual percent asphalt in the problem above is 5% and the percent
What is the percent weight of asphalt in the bituminous mixture?
asphalt in a job-mix 5.6% did it pass the required tolerance? Why?
Ans. 5 to 8%

35 -


How can we establish the exact percentage to be used in the bituminous

Who will approved the job mix formula?
Ans. Job-mix formula
Ans. DPWH Project Engineer and Materials Engineer


What are the two types of bitumen that are commonly used in
bituminous concrete surface course?
Ans. 1) Tar- is viscous liquid obtained from distillation of coal or wood
2) Petroleum Asphalt are the product of the distillation of crude oil


What are the three major petroleum asphalt product?

Ans. 1) Asphalt cement produced in various viscosity grade, the most
common penetration grade are, 200/300, 120/150, 85/100, 40/50
2) Cut-back asphalt are asphalt mixed with solvents to reduce their
3) Emulsified Asphalt are mixture of asphalt
cement and water with emulsifying agent


What are the solvents for cut back asphalt?

Ans. 1) gasoline for rapid curing type
2) kerosene for medium curing type
3) diesel fuel for slow curing type





The job-mix formula contains provisions on the following:

Ans. 1) grading
2) percentage and type of asphalt 3) temp. of agg. and
4) temp. of mixture upon delivery or at time of

What is the primary quality control mechanism for the production of aspha
Ans. Job-mix formula which shall conform to the
following ranges of tolerance:
Passing No. 4 and larger
sieves +/- 7%
Passing No. 8 to No. 100 sieves +/- 4%
Passing No. 200
+/- 2%
Bituminous Materials
+/- 0.4%
Temperature of mixture
+/- 10*C
What is the minimum dry compressive strength of the mixture?
Ans. 1.4 Mpa (200 psi)

Emulsified asphalt are either _____ and _________.

The mixture shall have a mass percent air voids with the range of _________
Ans. 1) cationic emulsion which work better with wet agg. And in cold
Ans. 3.0% - 5%
2) anionic emulsion which adhere better to
agg. Which have positive charges
What is the Index of Retained Strength of the mixture?
Ans. 70%
What is the bituminous material commonly used in item 310?
Ans. Asphalt cement (AC)
What is the most commonly used method in the design and evaluation of
bituminous concrete mixes?
What greatly influence the service of an asphalt pavement?
Ans. Marshall Stability Method
Ans. grade and quantity of asphalt
The quality control test for asphalt mix are the following:
What influence primarily the grade of asphalt selected?
Ans. Climatic condition
1) Immersion-Compression Test determines the index of retained strength of
the mix
2) Extraction and Grading Test
determines the asphalt content and particles size distribution of coarse and
The lower penetration grade or hard asphalt is used in ____________.
fine aggregates
Ans. hot climate
3) Laboratory density test determines the degree of compaction
The higher penetration grade or softer asphalt is used in____________.
What is the correct temperature that the mixture shall be placed as
Ans. cold climate
measured in the truck just prior to dumping into the spreader?
Ans. 107*C
How many weeks does a producer of asphalt mix or the contractor shall
submit the job-mix formula?
Ans. three (3) weeks prior to production

36 -


When tar is used, what is the temperature that the mixture shall be
Ans. 66*C to 107*C


How is the surface level of the finished pavement being check?

Ans. by the use of 3 meters straight edge


When shall the compaction be done in order to attain the required

Ans. when the mixture is still hot and


The variation of the surface from the testing edge of the straight between
contacts with the surface shall not exceed ________..
Ans. 6 mm.


How to determine the number of passes that would attain the required723.
What determine the thickness and density of compacted asphalt
Ans. trial section
Ans. core test


What control during the mixing and compaction is of great significance724.

What is the strength requirement (flexural strength) of a concrete when
the strength of the resulting pavement?
tested by third point loading method?
Ans. temperature
Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)


What kind of roller should be used for the initial or breakdown

What is the compressive strength of the PCCP when rested at 14 days?
Ans. Pneumatic smooth wheeled roller
Ans. 24.1 Mpa (3500 psi)
(not less than 10 tons)
What is the slump of a workable concrete if not vibrated?
What is the speed of the roller?
Ans. 40 75 mm, when vibrated the slump is 10 to 40 mm
Ans. 5 km/hr
What kind of form used in item 311?
How is the rolling be done?
Ans. steel forms and a depth equal to the thickness of the pavement
Ans. It should begin from the side and proceed longitudinally parallel toward
the road centerline, each trip overlapping one half the rollers width
How long shall the forms remain undisturbed after concrete pouring?
Ans. 24 hrs.
After the final rolling what should be checked?
Ans. degree of compaction
What is the difference between item 504 and item 505?
Ans. placement of stone or boulders and the ratio of cement and fine sand
The compacted pavement shall have a density equal to or greater than
Ans. 97% of the laboratory compacted density
What is the ratio of fine aggregates to number of bags of cement for grout
in item 504 and 505?
Ans. for item 504 its one part cement to three part
When is the traffic be permitted to enter the pavement?
fine sand (1:3)
for item 505 its one part
Ans. when the pavement has cooled to atmospheric temperature
cement to two parts fine sand (1:2)

How many samples shall be taken for each full days operation?
Ans. at least one but not more than three (3) core samples



Penetration and ductility test of asphalt are done in __________ temperature

a) 60*C
b) 25*C
c) 50*C
d) 10*C

What is the dimension of the samples taken full depth from the finish
pavement for thickness determination?
This is the most fluidest and lightest of all the grade of Medium Curing CutAns. 150 mm. or 100 mm diameter
back Asphalt.
a) MC 30
b) MC 70
c) MC 800
d) MC 300
How is the sample taken from the finished pavement?
Ans. by means of core drill or saw

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The only kind of asphalt that can be used in all bituminous item of work.
To protect dowel from corrosion and to facilitate sliding in concrete, it shall
a) Asphalt Cement
b) Cut-back Asphalt
be coated with _________.
c) Emulsified Asphalt
d) All of the above
Ans. thin film of bitumen


Retempering of concrete or mortar, which has partially hardened, will 744.

The surface of the pavement shall be roughened by means of ____________.
permitted with the addition of cement, aggregate or water.
Ans. brooming
a) yes
b) no
c) it depends on the condition of concrete
d) check the slump
What is the depth of corrugation produce by brooming in the surface of the
Ans. 1.5 mm.
What is the minimum number of representative cores that shall be taken
from each member area of concrete in place that is considered deficient? 746.
The surface of the newly placed concrete when it is sufficiently set shall be
a) 3 cores
b) 4 cores
cured for a period of _________.
c) 5 cores
d) core must be taken at 5 meter interval
Ans. 72 hrs.
backward & forward of the designed sta.
The curing of the pavement are done on the following:
the strength level of concrete will be considered satisfactory if the
average of all sets of three consecutive strength test result equal or exceed
1) by covering the concrete with mats saturated with water
the specified strength and no individual strength test result is deficient by
2) thoroughly wetting the pavement
more than how many percent?
a) 25%
3) by ponding
b) 20%
c) 15%
4) by applying curing compound after finishing of the surface
d) 10%
When the right time is the joint be sealed?
For major interchanges and busy intersection, PCCP will be allowed to
Ans. after the curing period or before it is opened to traffic
open on the ----------- to minimize occurrence of road congestion.
a) 14th day
b) 10 th day
What is item 504 in DPWH specification?
c) 12 day
d) 7th day
Ans. Grouted Riprap

The width of the weaken plane joint is __________.

Ans. not more than 6 mm.


What is item 505 in DPWH specifications?

Ans. Stone Masonry


When is the right time to saw the weaken plane joint?

Ans. within 24 hrs. as soon as concrete has hardened sufficiently


This is the empirical indicator of the clay fraction of a binder material in a

stabilized soil mixture.
a) Group Index
b) Liquid Limit
c) Plasticity Index
d) Plastic Limit


What shall be done if cracks appear at or near the joint prior to the time
of sawing?
Ans. sawing shall be omitted
When water is added to the mixture to bring the slump within required
Tie bars shall not be coated or painted with ____________.
limit, it shall be injected into the mixer under such pressure and direction of
Ans. asphalt or other materials
flow that the requirement for uniformity and desired slump of concrete are me
The drum shall be turned on additional _______ revolution or more.
What is the metal device that are used as a load transfer device held in a a) 10 revolutions
b) 45 revolutions
position parallel to the surface and centerline of the slab of pavement?
c) 30 revolutions
d) 15 revolutions
Ans. dowels

38 -


Job-mix formula submitted for approval shall propose definite single

values for, except _____.
a) % of aggregate passing each specified
b) temperature
of the mixture delivered on the road
c) Percent of bituminous materials to be added
d) mixing time of the mixture in the batching plant


For small contract project of the DPWH located in remote areas where
the quality of cement to be used is too small and where there are no
accessible testing laboratory to check the quality of materials, exception in
the requirements for performance of laboratory test in cement prior to use
may be allowed provided that the trial mixes be done for every ___________.
a) deformation characteristic of soil
b) Engineering properties of the underlying soils
c) Arrangement of soil strata
d) Field Density of soil


How many days shall the Engineer be notified in advance of the date
that the treating process will be performed in order that the untreated
lumber, the treatment process and the finished treatment timber may all be
15 days
b) 10 days
c) 21 days
d) 7 days

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