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The State of Water

Kimberly Kupiecki
Dow Water & Process Solutions

With So Much Water on Earth, Why Are


We So Thirsty?

Some Critical Issues

Growing competition for


water resources
Water-energy nexus
Value from first generation
water efficiency efforts
largely captured

Outdated policy frameworks


Aging or missing
infrastructure

Tomorrows Needs Will Be Even Greater


By 2030*, we will need:
30% more water
40% more energy
50% more food

*Source: World Business Council on Sustainable Development

Water Customers Are Being Squeezed on Both Ends

Declining feed
water quality
Water customers

Increasing
discharge
requirements

Seawater
Municipal WWTP

Brackish water

Receiving body
Recovered
water

Defining Your Challenges


FEEDWATER QUALITY,
CONSISTENCY AND AVAILABILITY
CAPITAL/OPERATIONAL COSTS
WATER ENERGY NEXUS

WASTEWATER ISSUES
REGULATORY COMPLIANCE
INCREASING COMPETITION

A Promise of Progress

70+ Years Experience in Separations Technology

Dow technologies process 15 million gallons


of water every minute.
That equals more than 3 gallons a day for
every man, woman and child in the world.

15
MILLION GALLONS
PER MINUTE

Niels Groot
Environmental Technology Center

National water footprint per capita

Areas with consumption above average typically coincide with water stressed areas - Ref : Hoekstra, A. et al.

Dows priority water stressed sites


WBCSD water tool 2011, www.wbcsd.org

Terneuzen
Boehlen
Chauny

Seadrift Deer Park


Freeport Texas City

Tarragona

Bahia Blanca

Site Water Goals


- Site specific circumstances
- (Fresh) water availability
Location
sea, river
inland, local climate
Surrounding
industry, cities, rural area
nature, recreation

- Focused on process (footprint reduction)


- Minimize wastewater to be treated
- Zero liquid discharge (when it makes sense)

Freeport plant saves > 4 million m/yr


Description
The water conservation and cost-saving of Nalcos 3D TRASAR
Cooling Water Technology at Dows Freeport plant enables saving
more than 4 million m of fresh water for process cooling

Sustainability Profile
Dows Freeport site Dows largest
production facility saves enough water to
supply 40,000 people with water for one year
Dow provides basic building blocks for
chemistry in the 3D TRASAR system
Nalcos Cooling Water Technology received
2010 U.S. Presidential Green Chemistry
Challenge Award

Dow Terneuzen Site Water Reuse


2008
AWARD
WINNER
Int. Conf. on Information
Systems Innovation
Most Innovative Corporate Social
Responsibility Project

Description
Dow Terneuzen reuses
municipal household
wastewater twice in its
manufacturing process

Sustainability Profile
Dow accepts 10,000 m of water every
24 hours and purifies more than 70
percent of it to generate steam for its
manufacturing plants
Reduced energy use equivalent to
lowering CO2 emissions by 5,000 tons per
year
Process reduces the energy use for water
purification by 65 percent

I-Park Terneuzen the Netherlands


Close to the community

Scarce fresh water region

Regional Sustainable Water Management


Dows demand: 22 Mm/yr of fresh water
Biesbosch
Surface Water
Dow wastewater
Biesbosch water

Dow Terneuzen

Municipal wastewater

Fresh water supply 120 km

Dow Bioxplant

Terneuzen
-WWTP

Intern reuse (condensate)

Dows objective:
Replace source
by:
processwater
rainwater
wastewater

100% reuse water in 2020

These alternative sources are brackish


Technology application via EU project Mild
Desalination
www.e4water.eu

1ste cycle
Remote supply
from Biesbosch

Potable water used


In households

Municipal
Wastewater
Treatment Plant
(Water Board)

Desalination using
Filmtec EW/BW
membranes

Water evaporates

Fresh water reused to


make-up for cooling towers

2e cycle

High purity fresh water

Steam production

Fresh wastewater

3e cycle

Dow is segregating salt and


fresh water streams
Salt discharge

Salt wastewater

Regional Robust Watersystem


Key attributes
Surplus of 100 million m of brackish water is
discharged annually
Save scarce potable water sources by reuse
Nature, landscape and recreation will benefit.
(treated) waste water,
diffuse discharges, rain water
Treatment wetlands
Influent buffer

E4Water
Effluent buffer
Agricultural usage

technical treatment

Industrial reuse

E4Water economic,
ecological & efficient industrial
water management
- EU funded 2012-2016
- Six case studies led by chemical industry
partners
- total budget 25 M$
- Demo Facility at Evides/Dow

Leveraging Potential
Concept of 3x Reuse Model
Cooperation in public private partnerships
Over the fence collaboration

Combining business cases and social challenges

Integrate Green and Grey Infrastructure solutions


Applications are industry wide, where industry resides
in rural/urban areas

Tracy Young
Associate Director R&D, DWPS

Dow Water & Process Solutions: At a Glance


Our Strategy is to be the
performance leader in applying
differentiated technology and
expertise to solve our customers
most challenging separation and
purification problems.

$1B 1900
REVENUE

EMPLOYEES

8 MANUFACTURING PLANTS
Global Innovation Leader in Reverse
Osmosis and Ion Exchange
Our technologies process over 15 million
gallons of water per minute globally

7 R&D CENTERS
STATE OF THE ART

USA I SAUDI ARABIA I CHINA I SPAIN

ALIGNED WITH 4 MEGATRENDS


WATER I ENERGY I HEALTH/WELLNESS I URBANIZATION

Dow Water Separation Technologies

Microfiltration

Ultrafiltration

Nanofiltration

Reverse Osmosis Ion Exchange Resins

Pore size:
>0.05
PSI:
15 60

Pore size:
up to 0.05
PSI:
5 to 30

Pore size:
.001
PSI:
90 150

Pore size:
PSI:
75 to 1000

Filters High
Molecular
Weight Species
Sand, silt, clays, giarida,
algae, some bacteria,
pre-treatment

Filters
Macromolecules

Filters Small
Molecules

All microbiological
species, some viruses
and humic materials

Virtually all bacteria,


viruses, cysts, humic
materials, removes
alkalinity and H2O
hardness

Mechanical Water Treatment Under Pressure

Removes Salts,
Ions, Color, LMW
Species
Nearly all inorganic
contaminants, as well as
radium, pesticides,
cysts, bacteria and
viruses

Pore size:
PSI:
50

Purifies
and Changes
Further removes metal
ions and mineral content
to soften the water or
improve its purification.
Changes water
characteristics.

Chemical Treatment at Molecular Level

Sustainable Water Solutions Approach


People
Solve water quality and scarcity challenges and
enable essential industrial processes
Planet
Create solutions that use less energy and fewer
chemicals

Performance
Provide best-in-class, cost-effective water
purification and separation solutions

Addressing Challenges for Industrial Water

WATER SCARCITY ISSUES


ECONOMIC GROWTH LINKED TO
WATER FOR INDUSTRIAL USE
WATER ENERGY NEXUS RISING
ENERGY COSTS
INCONSISTENT FEEDWATER
QUALITY
INCREASING REGULATIONS AND
COSTS
OUTDATED SYSTEM DESIGN

INCREASING COMPETITION
NEED FOR PRODUCTION
EXPANSION WITHOUT INCREASE IN
WATER WITHDRAWALS

Providing Reliable Water Supply

Industry-leading technologies
For producing water for cooling, boilers, and ultra-pure uses, as well as
ingredient water or cleaning-produced wastewater for discharge or reuse
Solutions for maximizing water production to minimize plant shutdowns
Expertise in separation technologies to help optimize water efficiency

Solutions to help you:


- Minimize water usage by enabling water reuse and recycling
- Improve system performance from technologies for specified water quality
- Increase production without increasing water withdrawals

Case Studies: Sustainable Water Solutions

Dow Water Solutionists bringing


New Sustainable Solutions to the market

World Class Capabilities for Development

World Class Water Technology


Application R&D Center opened in 2012
Global customer collaboration and
R&D center focused on validating new
technologies to solve water challenges
Real world scale assets

Low Energy ECO Reverse Osmosis Elements


Breakthrough to World Challenges Sustainability Awards

The Challenge
By 2030, analysts predict available water
supplies will satisfy only 60% of demand.

Dows Solution
DOW FILMTEC ECO Elements deliver
up to 40% lower salt passage, while
consuming 30% less energy than the
industry standard element.
29

Robust performance reduces regeneration


costs and results in operational savings
between 16-19%

Extra Fouling-Resistant Membranes Enable


Reuse of Textile Industry Wastewater
The Challenge
Because of scarcity of available resources
a combined power plant looked to reuse
textile industry wastewater.

Dows Solution
DOW FILMTEC extra fouling-resistant
reverse osmosis membranes enable
production of cooling tower make-up water
from wastewater.
Producing 4,500 m3/day of consistent, high
industrial grade recycled water daily from
textile plant wastewater.

Advanced treatment enables produced water


recycle in Unconventional Shale Oil & Gas
The Challenge
Unconventional oil & gas production from
shale consumes large amounts of water in
resource scarce regions.

Dows Solution
Recycle

Flowback
Treatment

Disposal

Frac Flowback

Make up
Water

Frac Fluid

Produced Water

Produced Water
Treatment

Advanced water treatment enables


recycle of flowback waters to be
compatible with hydraulic fracturing
formulations for reuse.

DOW Ultrafiltration and FILMTEC


Reverse Osmosis membranes reduce
water hardness and boron levels
OPTIPORE regenerable adsorbent
remove water soluble organics

Mining Water management and recycle

The Challenge
Mining industry is focused on developing
more sustainable operations for ore removal
and water reuse in operations.
Acid Mine Drainage represents challenging
water waste due to low pH, high specific
conductivity, and high concentrations of
heavy metals.

The Solution
New Dow FILMTEC nanofiltration
membranes demonstrated in Acid Mine
Drainage waters.

Improving Customers Business Performance

Thank You!
Questions?
For more information please visit our web site or
contact your local Dow representative.
http://www.dowwaterandprocess.com/

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