Anda di halaman 1dari 7

Tentang Gerund dan Infinitive

Gerund (verb+ing) dan infinitive (to+verb) sama-sama merupakan verbal yang


dapat berfungsi sebagai noun. Yang menjadi permasalahan adalah kapan harus
menggunakan gerund dan kapan harus menggunakan infinitive.

Penggunaan Gerund dan Infinitive


Fungsi

Contoh Kalimat Gerund/Infinitive


Keduanya dapat digunakan sebagai subject of a sentence.

Subject of
Sentence

Walking on the beach may be fun.


To walk on the beach may be fun.
Keduanya dapat digunakan sebagai subject complement,
namun gerund lebih umum.

Subject complem
ent

My goal is winning the prize.


My goal is to win the prize.

Direct object (obj


ect of verb)

Keduanya dapat digunakan sebagai direct object, namun


ada ketentuan dalam penggunaannya. Beberapa verb hanya
dapat menggunakan gerund, beberapa
menggunakan infinitive, dan beberapa yang lain dapat
menggunakan keduanya. Penjelasan lebih lengkap di
bawah.
The man likes climbing the
mountain.
The man likes to climb the mountain.
Gerund umum menjadi object of a preposition. Sedangkan
pada infinitive, hanya beberapa preposition, antara
lain: except dan but yang kadang-kadang diikuti infinitive.

Object of Preposi
tion

The woman read a book about cooking.


You have no other option but to negotiate
with you manager.

Verb yang Diikuti Gerund/Infinitive

Beberapa verb hanya dapat menggunakan gerund, beberapa


menggunakan infinitive, dan beberapa yang lain menggunakan keduanya dengan
makna yang sama maupun berbeda. Penjelasannya adalah sebagai berikut.
Kondisi

Verb

Contoh Kalimat
Gerund/Infinitive

Diikuti infinitive
tanpa
tambahan
agent
butuh
tambahan
agent
dapat
ditambahka
n agent
(optional)

tanpa to

agree, appear, begin,


care, choose, continue, decide, forget,
happen, get, hate, learn, hope,
like, love, plan, prefer, refuse, seem,
start, try, wait, etc

She forgot to come.

advise, allow, choose,


get, help, invite, teach, tell, etc

I told him to call you.


I need to know the
correct
answers.

ask, beg, expect, need,


prepare, promise, want, etc

I need you to know


the correct answers.

feel, have, hear, help,


watch, see, etc

She heard
you pass the exam.

Diikuti gerund

tanpa
tambahan
agent

butuh
tambahan
agent

acknowledge, advise, appreaciate, avoid,


begin, consider, continue, deny, discuss,
dislike, enjoy, finish, forget, hate,
(cannot) help, prefer, recommend,
regret, remember, start, stop, teach,
understand, etc

She enjoys dancing.

hear, watch, see, etc

I saw youthrowing
the food.

Diikuti gerund/infinitive
tanpa
perbedaan
makna
dengan
perbedaan
makna

I continue studying.
begin, continue, hate,
like, love, prefer, start, etc
forget, remember, stop,
etc

I continue to study.
She stopped eating
chocolate.
(Dia berhenti makan

coklat)
She stopped to eat
chocolate.
[Dia berhenti
(melakukan kegiatan
lain) untuk makan
coklat

Daftar Kata Kerja yang Diikuti Oleh Gerunds


admit

detest

advise

discontinu
e

appreciat
e

discuss

avoid

dislike

cant help

dispute

complete

dread

consider

enjoy

delay

escape

deny

evade

detest

explain

dislike

fancy

enjoy

feel like

escape

feign

excuse

finish

finish

forgive

forbid

give up
(stop)

get
through

hate*

have

imagine

imagine

justify

mind

keep
(continue)

miss

like*

permit

love*

postpone

mention

practice

mind
(object to)

quit

miss

recall

necessitat
e

report

omit

resent

permit

resist

picture

resume

postpone

risk

prefer

spend
(time)

prevent

suggest

prohibit

tolerate

propose

waste
(time)

practice

abhor

prefer*

practice

prevent

endure

prohibit

tolerate

propose

acknowle
dge

quit

admit

recall

allow

recollect

appreciat
e

recommen
d

attempt

regret*

avoid

report

be worth

resent

began

resist

*cant
bear

resume

cant help

risk

cant
stand*

shirk

celebrate

shun

confess

start*

consider

suggest

*continue

support

defend

try*

delay

understan
d

deny

urge

Daftar Kata Kerja yang Diikuti Oleh Infinitives


cant
afford

afford

elect

come

long

hesitat
e

reques
t

prefer

wish

swear

cant
bear

agree

endea
vor

consen
t

love

hope

resolve

prepar
e

would
like

tend

cant
stand

appear

expect

continu
e

manag
e

hurry

say

preten
d

yearn

threate
n

cant
wait

arrang
e

fail

dare

mean

incline

seek

profess

care

turnout

get

ask

need

decide

seem

intend

chance

promis
e

growu
p

ventur
e

offer

attemp
t

shudd
er

deserv
e

choose

learn

guaran
tee

prove

pay

volunte
er

start

begin

claim

determ
ine

hate

like

plan

refuse

strive

want

Anda mungkin juga menyukai