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NEW TESTAMENT THEOLOGY

1999
1999

.
. 100%

()

1984-6

1996

, 1982

, 1987

1965

1991


1990

1991
Hasel, G.
NT Theology: Basic Issues In The Current Debate. Grand Rapids, 1978.
Jeremias, J.
New Testament Theology. London: SCM, 1971.
Kummel, W. G.
The Theology of the New Testament. London: SCM, 1973.
Marshall, I. H.
The Origins Of NT Christology. Leicester, 1976.
Marshall, I. H.
Jesus The Saviour: Studies in New Testament Theology. London:SPCK, 1990.
Bruce, F. F.
The New Testament Development of Old Testament Themes. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1968.

Brown, C. ed.
The New International Dictionary of N.T.Theology. Vol.1-3. Exeter: Paternoster, 1975.
( NIDNTT)
Kittel, G. ed.
Theological Dictionary of the N. T.. Vol. 1-10. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964. ( TDNT)

I
(Biblical Theology)(NT Documents)
(Systematic Theology)(Dogmatics)

(Dogma/doctrine)

( 2:36)

( 2:5-11)
( 3:16)
(Traditions)

(Sola Scriptura)
(sui ipsius interpres)(Biblical Theology)
(Systematic Theology)

(Thematic Approach)
(Unity)

(A. Richardson, An Introduction To The Theology Of N.T. (1958))


( 12)
""
(apostolic faith)
(descriptive)
(confessional)

(K. H. Schelkle, Theology Of The N.T. (1968))


(NT Canon)
(description)(interpretation)
(unity)(diversity)
()(
) () () - - (God-ManSalvation)
----------------------------(F. C. Bauer), Lectures on New Testament Theology (Leipzig, 1864).

(Existentialist Approach)

(Rudolf Bultmann, The Theology of the NT (1948-1953))


(Reconstruction)(Interpretation)
(Kerygma)
()

(post-resurrection)(historic Christ
)

(Hans Conzelmann, An Outline of the Theology of the NT (1967))


(tradition and creeds)

(Historical Approach)
()
()
(W. Wrede, The Task And Methods Of N.T. Theology (1897))(Dogmatic Approach)

(W. G. Kummel, The Theology Of The N.T. (1973))

(how the Proclaimer became the


Proclaimed One)
--(Jesus-Paul-John)

(Salvation History Approach)

(Oscar Cullmann, Christ and Time (1946))


(already)(not yet)

(kerygma)
(G. E. Ladd, A Theology Of The N.T. (1974))
(redemptive history)...(recital)
(descriptive discipline)

(diversity)
(Leonhard Goppelt, Theology of the NT (1975-76))
- (promise and fulfillment)
(Easter-kerygma)
(dialogue)

----------------

G. E.Ladd, Theology of the NT, 28.

(Unity in diversity)

(Canon in the Canon)


()

(Anthropology)(R. Bultmann)

(H. Braun)...
(inner centre)

(Salvation History)(O. Cullmann)(G.E. Ladd)


()

(Covenant)

(Christology)
(Christocentric)(Kummel)

(Theology of the Cross)

---------------(Canon Criticism)

W. G. Kummel, Theology of the NT, p. 324.


W. Luz, Theologia crucis als Mitte der Theologie des NeuenTestaments EvTh 34 (1974), p.118.


(Marcionism, 140)

(canon)
(A. Van Harnack, Marcion (1924), p.221)

(R. Bultmann, Prophecy & Fulfillmentin Essays On O.T. Hermeneutics (1963), pp.50-75)
(F. Baumgartel, The
Hermeneutical Problem Of The O.T. (1963), p.151)

(Van Ruler, The Christian Church And The O.T. (1971), p.72)

(W. Vischer, The Witness Of The OT To Christ (1949), I. p.14)


(What Christ Is )(Who Christ Is)

(H. H. Rowley, The Unity Of The Bible (1953), p.95)

(Historical Connection)
(Salvation History)
(Vocabulary Connection)

(Themes Connection) (J. Bright, The Authority Of The OT, p.211)


(F. F. Bruce, N.T.
Development of O.T. Themes (1969))

(Typology Connection)(Types/Prototypes)(Anti-types)
(Promise-Fulfillment Connection)

(N.T. Use Of The O.T.)


(Proofs)

A.
a.
b. ()
c.
B.
a.
b.
c.
d.
C.
a.

b.
c.

d.
e.

(unity)

( )

(polytheistic)(anthropomorphic)
Zeus
(transcendance)

(non-personal god)(divine beings)


(rational/reason)(The Good)


Monotheistic(personal)
el
El-elon El-olam
El-shaddai el
El-elon
14:18-22El-rohi 16:13El-olam 21:33
El-rohi Israel 33:20El-shaddai 17:1;28:3;35:11;48:3;49:25;
6:3(attributes)
(Elohim)
(plural)

---------------C. H. Dodd, According To the Scriptures: The Substructure Of New Testament Theology (London, 1952).
(Yahweh)
( 3:13)()

YHWH Sebboth
279
6:18;
1:8;4:8;11:17;15:3;16:7,14;19:15;21:22
()(LXX) (kurios)
(Yahweh)

2:11

7:11
34:6; 103:8; 15:11

4:22; 32:6; 63:16; 31:9; 11:1

heavenadonai

( )( 23:9; 3:30; 8:4-6; 3:20; 2:5; 2:19)


( 14:15;17:23;19:26)( 3:30; 3:20; 1:9;
1:17;2:5; 25)()( 2:39; 1:8; 1:4; 1:1; 4:17)(
17:23)

( 3:13;5:30;22:14) ( 3:13;7:32; 22:32;


12:26; 20:37) ( 15:31; 1:68; 13:17)

31:33
( 17:24; 10:6; 3:4)( 5:34;23:22;
7:49)
( 6:5)

( 17:11; 2:20; 4:8;15:4;16:5)


( 1:16,cf. 11:44-45)
( 10:3; 3:9)
( 5:21)( 4:24)

( 2:12; 5:25-26; 15:31; 7:16;18:43)


( 17:1ff; 9:2ff; 9:28ff)( 1:17)
( 15:7; 4:15; 1:11;2:11; 2:12) (4:11;7:12;19:2)

( 4:6)( 16:15; 8:27; 11:11; 1:24;15:8)


( 8:10-12)( 2:1012)(:6:23)

( 5:1,10)( 2:13)
( 10:19-22)
( 16:26)( 1:23)( 1:20; 1:15)
( 2:9)
6( 4:8)( 3:16)( 4:8)
( 13)( 13:1-2)
( 5:5)
7( 1:1;2:3;4:10; 1:3;2:13;3:4)
( 4:4)( 3:16; 4:10)
( 1:18,24)( 15;16)

(Trinitas) (equal essence)


(Against Praxeas 3,11,12)(homoousios)
13:13 28:19

( 10:30,cf 14:6-10)
...( 8:6)
...( 2:5)
....( 28:19;cf. 13:14(); 12:4; 4:4-6(); 1:2)
( 4:4)( 14:16)( 15:26;16:7)( 4:6)
(personality)

( 15 )
( 22; 14:16ff)( 3:22)
...( 6:9)( 13:43)
( 20:17)( 5:44;
3:1-2)
( 8:15; 4:6)( 2:14-24)( 1:12)
( 3:26;4:5; 1:5,11;3:6)

(general revelation)(natural revelation)


( 1:1921)/...

( 2:14-15)

( 2:6)( 1:1,18)( 2:9)


( 14:7,9)

( 21:2-3)

...
( 8:10-12)...
...( 14:16-17)
( 16:13)

(Unity)

17:28

()

II
(Christocentric)

(messianic expectation)

()(
messiah)

10

()
(
2,20,21 )( 9:2-7;11:1;
5:2-6)
(
)( 45:1)
( 11:2)

4:3-14(

)
(1QS9:11;4QTest.9:13,1420;4QFlor.1:11)
()
18:15
( 3:1;
4:46;14:41; 2:18)
( 1:21; 8:28)
(
49-53)

(=)
( 8:4;80:17)
()
( 7:9ff) 37-71
(Heavenly One)(Elect One) 2-52

( 14; 110)
110:4
(13QMel)

------------------W. Horbury, Aaronic Priesthood in the Epistle to the Hebrews, JSNT 19 (1983), pp. 43-71.

( 7:14; 2:7;89:27,29)
(105:2)
7:14
(adonai)( 14:22)
( 110:1) 110:1 1:10-12

11

(Docetism
)(Arianism)

1( 1:18-2:23; 2)"
"( 2:51)( 2:40,52)
2( 4:1-11; 1:12-13; 4:1-15)

3
( 3:15)
4( 9:36)( 27:46)

1( 1:14)( 1:1-2)
2( 11:35)( 19:27)

/
1( 2:22;3:6;4:10;6:14;10:38;26:9)

2( 4:4)

3( 2:6)( 3:5)
4( 5:15)( 5:12ff)

5( 8:3)()

1(2:9,16)
(brachus)
2(2:14)

(
4:15)
3(2:18;4:15)(4:15)
4(5:7)
5(5:8-9)
6(2:9,14)
(4:15)

12


(Arius)
(homoousious)

451 (Chalcedon)(creed)

(homoousious)(nature/substance)

(Theotokos)
prosopon(-
) hypostasis(/)

/
1(Messiah)
(Christos)

2( 26-29;40ff; 40-48; 12; 2:28-3:21)


( 24:10;26:9)
3
( 17-18)
4(IQS 9:11)

1( 2:3-14)( 5:2)
2( 27:12-17; 23:2)
3( 1:25,34,44;3:12)

4( 8:27-30; 16:13-20; 9:18-21)


( 14:53-65; 26:57)

1( 1:41;4:25)

2( 1:49;12:13;19:3,19)

3( 4:29f)
4( 7:31)(Semeion)
5( 4:3;5:1;cf. 1:3;2:1;3:23;4:2;5:6;5:20)

dabar Yahweh ()

a()
b()
c()
d()

13

e
(The Messianic Secret)

( 1:43,34;3:11;5:43;7:36;8:30;9:9)

(nonmessianic)

/
1(Lord, Adonai)( 2:36)

2( 4:26= 2:2)
3
( 17:16-32)

1( 5-10)()
2( 2:21-25) 53
3( 17:1-13)( 17:14-18)
( 20:7-10)

1 1:1 10:16
( 5:7)( 3:11;
4:41)( 14:61)
2( 1:11)( 9:7)
2:7
3

( 11:7)
( 10:31)

4( 26:63)
( 14:61)
5(1:14,18;3:16)
6

1...( 1:3)
2( 4:5)
( 8:3,31)( 1:13)......
( 1:15-17)

(1:2,5;4:14;5:5;6:6;7:3 )
(1:6)

14


1 ( 2:10)( 11:18-19)(
8:20)
2 ( 24:27)( 24:37)(
18:8)( 22:69)( 10:23)( 13:26)
3( 8:31;9:31;10:33;14:41; 22:48)( 10:45)
4 7:13 ( 14:62;13:26)

1( 3:13;5:27;6:62;8:28;12:31;13:31)
2( 6:27)
3( 5:27)

1()( 7:56)
2( 1:13;14:14// 7:13)
3( 2:5-7)

( 5)

(Kurios)

1( 18:26;15:27; 7:6;9:57 )
2()( 7:13,19;10:1,39,41)
3( 2:28;11:3;12:37) 110:1

4 18

1( 1:2; 2:22)

( 2:6)( 8:5-6)
((28 )(9 )
(3 )
( 14:9)
( 8:5-6)
2( = )
( 2:32//
10:13)

20

1( 2:36)
2()( 2:20,21, 25,34;3:22;4:26)
(kurios) Adonai Yahweh()

15

110:1 ()()
3()( 2:20-21)
4( 2:33)(2:21;3:16)(5:31)
(3:14)(3:15)(4:29)(10:42)
(7:55,59)

1( 1:3,13;3:15)(=)
( 1:25;3:12)( 2:3// 34:8)
2
(1:1;5:9)(1:2) -

3(2:3;7:14)()
(1:10)

()
1(5:1-4)()

2()

()(7:1-3)
(= )

(7:1114)
(7:15-25)
3()
(8:1-13)
()
(9:1-10)

(9:11-10:18)

()

(Christological Hymns)

(confession)

2:6-11(Pre-existence)()(
Kenosis)()(parabolic)

1:15-20(Eikon )()

1:2a-3 1:1 ()

16

3:16

()()

(immortality of the soul)(Plato, Phaedo)

(Plato, Republic 6)
(Good)

( 3:19; 30:23)(
17:17-22; 4:18-37)
( 88,16,49) 2:6
26:19,
(
) 37
12:2 ()
16:10 ( 2:27)

( 23:8-9)

()

1( 12:7)
( 19:17-20)( 19:28-37)
2( 19:11)
( 8:31)
3
( 20:1-9)
( 20:24-31)
4 ( 2:5-13;4:10)

( 15:12-54)
(
15; 4:13-18)
()
1 ( 2:32)( 3:15)

17


2( 2:27-32;4:10)
( 4:2)(kerygma)
( 17:3)
3( 3:1)
( 6:4; 4:14-16)

1( 12:16)

2( 15:14)
( 15:12-13)
( 15:20)( 2:8)
3 ( 15:3-4)
( 17:32)
( 17:34)
4 (
4:14)

.
.
.
.

C.
(salvation)

(, salvation)

1.
2.
3.

1. ( 11:14)
2. /( 25:9; 20:6; 25:35)
3. ( 15:18; 11:9,13; 13:5)
( 14:13)
4. ( 18:46;38:22;51:14)
5. ( 2:1)

1.
( 19:10)
( 3:17)( 1:15)
2.
( 4:12)
( 14:6)
3. ...( 5:1)...( 2:8)
4.
( 10:22;24:13)

( 10:36;3:6)
5.
......( 8:22-23)

18

( 2:8;11:39)

(apollumi, lost)
( 19:10)
( 15:4)( 15:8)
( 15:32)()(
3:9)( 10:6)
()( 17:12)
(katakrima, condemned)
( 2:6; 11:7))
( 12:37)( 5:16,18)

( 5:24)
( 8:1)

( 3:17)
(genna, hades)
(genna )( 23:10)( 9:43-38; 20:1415)( 9:43-48)( 23:33)
(hades) sheol()
( 16:18)( 1:18)()(
20:13-14)
(orge)
( 1:10; 1:18;2:5,8; 5:9;9:22; 5:6; 3:6; 6:16-17)

(Restorationapokathisteni)
1. ()/( 1:6; 9:12)
2. ( 3:20-21)
(Propitiation / Expiation, hailasmos)
() LXX
expiation,
1. ( 2:17; 2:2; 4:10)
2. ( 3:25)
3. ( 9:5 )
(Reconciliation/atonement, katallasso)
()( 16)

1. ( 5:10-11; 11:15; 1:20)


( 5:18-21)
2. ( 2:6)
(Set Free, apoluo)
1. ( 2:24)
2. ( 1:5)
(Ransom, lutpon)

19

/( 10:45; 20:28; 2:6)


(Redemption, lutrosis)
1. ( 1:68)
2. ( 7:35)
3. ( 3:24) ( 1:7; 1:14)
4. ( 8:24)
(Salvation / Save,. sozo)

1. ( 1:21)( 1:77)
2. ( 1:71)
3. ( 9:22; 5:34; 7:50; 8:48)
4. ( 10:26; 19:26; 18:26)( 11:27)

1. (
4:12) 2:32 ....,( 2:21)
2. ( 2:40)
3. ...( 15:8-11)

1. ( 1:13)
2.... ( 1:16; 1:21)
( 2:8)
...
( 3:5)
3.( 6:2) []( 8:24)
( 13:11) ---- 5:2
4. ( 2:12)....
( 3:15)
5. ( 11:25)
6. ( 2:4-6)
/
1. ....( 3:21)
2. ( 2:9)()(5:9)
3. ( 7:25)..( 9:28)
4. ( 12:47; 3:17)
( 2:11; 5:31;13:23; 4:4; 3:20; 5:23; 1:10; 2:13;3:4; 1:11;3:2,18)

()

(supralapsarianism)
()(infralapsarianism)

(sublapsarianism)

. (Particular - Limited Atonement)


(the Elect)

20

1. :
1:21 ()
10:26-27 ()
20:28 ()
8:29,30,33,34 ()
17:9 ()
10:45 ()
2.

. (Universal Atonement)

1.
1:29 ()
3:16 (...)
5:14 ()
2:9 ()
( 10:29))
2. ( 11:28 ; 3:16
)( 24:14;28:19; 1:8)

-> -> /
-> ->
3:16 ()(
)

(punctiliar)(durative)

:
->
: ()

21

___________________________
_______ ________ _______

(/)
-------------

()(
)()

-
.

(certainty)
(Westminster Confession)

. (disown)
. ( 3:5)(
6:19)
. ( 10:28)( 8:31-39; 7:25; 1:3-5)

()

---------------------(1981)83

.
(Synod of Dort)(Sententia Remonstrantium)

(possible)
.
( 1:23)( 2:1;3:12-14;6:4-8)
. ( 1:19-20)
( 2:16-18)( 4:10)
.

.
. ()

22

()
a. /(wind/breath)( 3:8) ( 9:18)
(Ruah)( 37:5-14; 3:3-9)
b. /( 6:17;7:15)... (
42:5)( 20:3)
c. ( 37:14)
d. (Divine Power) ()( 13:25)(
7:12)
e. RUAH

a. (psyche)(pnuema)
b.

c.

:
a. ( 1:18; 1:35)( 1:9)
( 12:18)
b. ( 4)
c. ( 1:26;3:11,30;5:2;9:25)
d. /( 12:28)( 24:49)
e. ( 3:28; 12:31)
f. ( 1:8)
( 28:19)
:

a. ( 4:24)[]()

b. ( 3:6;6:63)( 6:63)( 3:3-5)


c. ( 3:8 )
d. ()( 14:16-17;25:27)
( 16:8) ( 15:26-27)( 16:14)( 16:13)
( 14:6)

e. (
7:38)(indwelling)

( 3:10;6:34;11:29;13:25;14:6)( 31:2-4;35:31)
( 24:2)(
16:14; 14:6)

23

...( 14:16-17)
f.
...( 16:8-11)
:

a. (1:5)...
(2:1-13)
b. (2:38)(10:46;19:6)
c. (6:3)(6:20;7:55;4:8,31)
d. "" (8:14-17)

e. (11:28;21:10)(15:28)(13:2;16:7)
:
a. ( 2:4)
b. ()( 12:13)( 8:9)
( 12:3)( 2:1; 13:14)
c. ( 3:16)( 6:19)
d. ( 2:13; 6:11; 15:16)( 8:23; 4:6)(
8:4,21; 3:17)
e. ( 5:22)
f. ( 12:4-11;14:12; 12:6-8; 4:12)

(Peter Wagner)(J.I. Packer)

( 2:1-4;8:14-17;10:44-46;11:15-17;19:1-6)(
(glossolalia)(

/
()
/

24

()

(prophet)

1.

( 16:14;21:11,46; 8:28; 7:16,39;9:19;24:19;


4:19;19:17) ( 13:57;23:37; 6:4; 4:24;13:33,34) (
1:15,16; 1:1-3)
( 3:16)
( 1:1-4; 1:1-2)(
)( 22:18-19)

/
( 14:1,39-40; 5:19-21)
( 12:28-29;14:29,32; 2:20;3:5;4:11)( 11)
( 2:17-18)( 14:30)
( 14:3)( 14:29-33)
()
( 13:1)

( 14:37-38)( 2:42)

( 21:7-17)

.
( 14:39-40)

( 14:33)
( 14:32)
. ( 12:11)
( 14:31)

. ( 13:2;14:1)(
14:12,26)
. +
( 14:29)
(diakrino)
()
( 5:19-21)

25

.(charismata)(charis) 16 4:4
5:15,16;6:23;11:29
( 1:11; 1:11) 1:7
12:3-8 12:4-11

(charis)(chrismata)
( 12:6)
.(pneumatika)(pneuma)(charis) 12:1;14:1
(pneumatika) 12:3-8 12:1;14:1

. ()
( 12:4-6)
4:7

. 12:3-8; 12:4-27
. 12:6-8 4:10-11
13:1
. 12:3-8; 12:4-11; 4:7,11; 4:10-11

( 4:12)( 4:11)
( 14:12)

(ekcheo)( 2:17-18,33; 3:6)( 2:15; 16:24;16:8;16:10,12;16:17)( 23:20; 3:15; 16:6)( 9:17)

. 3:16

()
()

1:33 3:11
1:8 3:16

25:41; 15:6; 1:7; 10:27; 3:10-12; 20:14-15


()() 16:9

26

. 3:22;4:1;4:14;4:16-19
3:22
4:1
4:14
4:16-19 ...
()()
(filled with)(full of)

(
)

. 2:1-13;2:38-42
......(filled with).../
( 2:1-13)
( 1:4-5)

...( ruah)
(filled)( 2:28-32 )
()

...
( 2:38-42)
2:1-13

( 28:19)
()
()
()
. 8:14-17
...
...

( 16:18-19;28:18-19)(

)
()

. 10:44-48

.........

( 11:16)(dorea)

27


( 8:9)()
( 12:13)
...

. 19:1-7
......()
...

55 ( 10:44-48)19

()

1.
()

( 2:4) (
4:8,31;6:3;7:55;9:17;11:24;13:9,52)
.

3:3-9 (anothen)(
)


|
| |
| |
|

()
.
.

( 2:28)
( 36:25-27)

28

. 7:37-38 39
3:14
1:13...
. 10:44
. 16:8()
. 5:32 5:16

( 20:30-31)

(Dunamis)(
11:20;14:2; 6:1)(Teras 4:48 ). (Semeion)
( 2:11,18,23;3:2;4:54;6:2,14,26,30;7:31;9:16;10:41;11:47;12:18,37;20: 30)

. 12:38-40;16:2-4 .
.

. (
5:23)( 23:43)
( 8:23)
.
( 4:43) ( 8:4;9:30;
3:12;5:43;7:36)
.

. ( 14:8-10;20:9-12)
( 5:23) 2:25-30; 4:20
( 12)
. ...()( 20:29)
( 2:9-10)
. 15:26 53:4; 8:17
, 2:24; 53:5

(A.B Simpson)

( 5:23)

(glosolalia)(gloso)(lalia)/

. ( 2:3-11)(hetero glosolalia) 16:17(glossalia kaine)

29


. ( 12:10,30;14:2-6,8,13-14,18-19,22-23,26-27,39) 13:1

......

. ...
...( 12:28)
( 12:3-8; 4:11)
2.
14:21- 25 ---

. 14:4

( 14:19)
. ......( 12:27-28)
... (
14:23)

(What is
descriptive is not necessarily normative)

17:24 1:10 1:20 8:6 11:3


4:2414:15 14:16 24:21 1:20
17:24 4:39:26( 11:36)

/( 1:3; 1:2)()(
1:3)

16:15 4:8
2:5
5:12 3:23
12:39 2:15
8:20
6:12 5:19
( 6:13)/

30


1:15
9:39
(World view)

(anthropos)

1. 8:23
....3:16
14:27
3:13

2. 12:2
5:10
( 12:2)......
6:4
/

1. 7:58:13 10:2
8
2. 15:50(
2:14 8:8... 3:20

1. 5:19
2. 3:235:12 3:22
5:126:23
3. 4:5
4. 5:6-8 1:15cf. 9:13 2:17 5:32

( 11:26)
(Christianoi, )(
26:28; 4:16)
( 6:1;8:1)( 1:4)( 8:17;
1:2)

22:14 14:16-24 8:29 1:6 1:2


5:19( 3:1)

( 24:22,31)( 9:15)( 1,13; 2:9)(


9:11-16)( 11:5-6)( 2:13)( 1:3-4)( 1:4)
( 2:4)( 2:10)
3:2,5,7 6:15 4:23-24 1:23 1:18 15:20

31

8:23

1:16-1722-254:5 13:38 2:163:24; 4:16


7:1 5:23 2:1112:14
17 12:1-2( 1:16)
( Tekna) 1:12 8:14-17
3:264:4-7 2:10-11( huios)( 8:12)
( 8:17)( 1:4)
( 5:8)
( 8:34)( 2:1)( 8:36)
( 6:18,22; 5:1)( 5:13)
( 7:23)( 7:22)
()( 14:16-20)
( 14:26)( 8:8)(
8:13-14)( 1:13)
( 2:9)

( 10:19)

( 13:15-16)

( 12:1-2)
10. ( 16:17)( 2:21)
( 2:3)(
2:11)

(akoloutheo)
(mathetes) ()(mimeomai)

(akoloutheo)
.
. (halak'ahare)( 19:20)
( 2:12; 4:3; 2:5)
.
. 56 14

(imperative)( 9:9;19:21;
1:43;21:19; 1:16)( 5:11)
( 4:25;8;1;21:9)
. ( 1:16)
( 1:15)
( 9:57-62; 10:17)
. ( 8:34)
( 10:38)
(mathetes)
.
. (lamad)
( 6:10-12;8:17;9:4-6;11:2) (
4:10;14:23;17:19;31:12)
. (Shabbath 31a)

. 264
( 11:2; 2:18;6:29; 5:33;11:1; 1:35,37)( 2:18)
.

32

5.1. ( 12:18)( 6:2;


7:15)( 9:5;11:21; 1:38;4:31)
-
5.2. ( 1:17; 5:11; 5:18)

5.3. /
( 10:37; 14;26; 3:31-35)
5.4. ()

5.5. ( 10:32)
5.6. -- ( 16:25)
5.7. ( 10:1)( 3:14)
( 19:28; 22:30)
. ( 10:1)( 16;16)
( 8:34)

(Kingdombasileia)
(Kingdom of God)(Kingdom of Heaven)
(basileia) (cf. 145:11,13;103:19)...
(Dynamic)
15:18; 19:15;
29:10;103:19; 43:15)

---------------------------- (
)

1. (Realised, )(Present/Already)
()( 1:14)
( 17:20-21)... ( 12:28; 11:20)
19:14; 10:14; 18:16
12:28; 11:20...
12:31-32
2. (future / not yet)...( 7:21-22)
( 8:11; 13:28,29)... ( 26:29; 14:25;
22:18) 6:10; 11:12

(C.H.Dodd)(Realised Eschatology)(G.E.Ladd)
(The Present Of The Future)
()

33

()
/
------------------------------------>--------------------->-------------->--
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|______>__________________>____________

3. (mystery) ( 13; 4; 8) 4:11-12


3:3 () (
) () ()
22:29-30
4. (spiritual)

18:36
(/)(/)

(Characteristic)
()
a. (Theocentric)
b. (Dynamic)( 11:20-22)

c. (Messianic)( 1:69; 16:28)


d. (Salvation)( 5:20-21;11:20)

1.( 3:3)( 3:5)

2. ( 18:36)...
( 11:15)

1. ( 14:17)

( 4:20)...( 1:5)
2. ( 6:9)
...( 5:20-21; 5:5)
( 15:50)
3. ( 1:13; 4:18)

1. 19:8; 20:25;28:23,31)
2. ...( 12:28)

34


(Ekklesia)
()

1. ( 10:7)
( 10:7;
9:2)
2. ()( 15:24)(
10 cf. 23:1; 34:11; 40:11)
3. 16:18;18:17 ()
()(Petros)
(Petra)()
4. ( 28:19; 24:46-48)
5. (a) (
3:22;4:2)(b) 22:14-22

1. ( 1-2)
---------------------D. Guthrie, New Testament Theology (London:IVP) p.419.
Schnackenburg, "God's Rule and Kingdom" (Eng.trans.1963) p.231
(Ideal Church)
2. ( 2:41-47)
3. ( 2:14-40;3:12-26;7:2-53)
4. (6:1-6)(11:30;14:23; 20:28)(11:28;21:10)
(21:8)(15)
5.

1. ( 1:22; 1:18)( 1:2; 1:1; 1:1; 1:2)


2. ( 12:4-8; 10:17; 1:22;4:12-16)( 1:22;4:15)( 6:15)
3. ( 5:25; 11:2)( 5:6-8)
4. ( 3:16;6:19; 2:19-22)
5. ( 9:25;11:5; 1:4)
6.
( 4:5)
( 6:1-4)( 13:14; 4:24; 3:10)( 11:23;10:16)
7. ""()( 5:12)( 5:5)(
1:1)( 4:11; 12:28)( 3:1-7; 1:7-9)
8. ( 14:40;
1:20;2:1-7;4:11; 2:5)

((1995)(1996))

35

21:16 20:28

4:11

poimaino 26 177
2116 20281915

26 177 2116

poimaino 26

52...
77...
...

poimaino 177
poimaino poimnen""(direct
object)""

poimaino

1010

36

93625322631 6341427 28151820 10211121416

936 eskuluenoi kai errimmenoi

101114 1011-18

gnoskw

((Paraclete) )
( 15:26;16:13; 4:6)
. ( 2:40; 14:3 40:1; 5:4;
2:25., ,
().

3:13-19 (epoiesen, ) 10:1


(anedeixen, /).
.

2028 9
7 52 12 2277171251915

2028
2017

prosechete heautois kai panta to poimnio

20
30 2028
2017-35

97 ...
97
912

12 14
...( 4:12)( 4:11)

52

kata theon according to God

37

51-4 225

... 12 poimainotes poimaino


4

12/

2271251915 717
227
125 1915

717

poimaino

David L. Bartlett()

Lumen Gentium

WCC

38

Kerusso
4:12-17Kerygma 1:15
KerussoKerygma

4:18-21

17 6:4
2:1
1:25,

26:24
4:2
Laleo
14:6

-----------David L. Bartlett, Ministry in the New Testament (Minneapolis: Fortress, 1993).

2:42,46-47

11:17,18,20;14:23,34
10:25

23
10
19
28:20

2-17
2:14 4:13

5:17 12:1-12
5:1-11

5:2
5:11

39

15
3:6
12:5-11
5:19

24:26
...
... 2:8
2:18-19;4:1-6

13:9

6:1-5
10:24 13:2

16:1-4
8-9

16:25-27

2:10 4:28
6:1-4

13:16 3:13
4:15

6
3 1:5
( 15; 9:1-5)

... 6:1

9:35-38

40

......

Kaleo...10:3
......

28:18-19
28:19

4:35-43

......
4:18... 14:2123 2 8:5
10

1:10,15
4:15

10:1;17:34;18:8 18:24 19:19


16:14

11:1-16

11:1-34

(11:2)

. ( 11:3)
11:3
()
( kephale)(authority)() 1:22;5:22-23; 2:10
1) 2) 3)

(subordinate)( 2:6-8)
(
15:28)()

()
. ( 11:4-7)

41


11:4

( 11:7)

11:5
(())
11:6
( 5:18)( 21:12)

11:7

. ( 11:8-12)
11:8-9

--

------------------------------T. R. Schreiner, "Head Coverings, Prophecies and the Trinity in 1 Corinthians 11:2-16" in Recovering Biblical
Manhood & Womanhood: A Response to Evengelical Feminism, ed. John Piper (Wheaton: Crossway, 1991) p.127.
, (: , 1983), 9
11:11-12

(11:11)
11:10

( 14:12-14)

. ( 11:13-15)
11:13 :

()
11:15

. (11:16)
11:16

42

(hypotagete, submission) 5:22 6:1,5 (hypokoe, obedience)


(hypokoe)( 3:20; 6:1,5)(hypokoe)
( 1:2,14,22)
(hypotagete, submission)(
5:21)( 5:22; 3:18; 2:5)( 2:13; 13:1,5;
3:1)( 2:18)( 3:1,5
())( 5:5)
(humility) 5:5; 5:21
/ 2:17

14:34-35 11:5 11:5

(11:5)

-----------------, (: , 1988), 296


. (14:34)

. (14:35)
(
)

--------------
()

.
.
( 2:5)

. Absolute ethics

43


. (Relative ethics)

. (ethics according to principles)

1. ( 10:18-20)( 5:17-19)
( 22:37-39; 12:30; 10:27)
2. (Golden Rule)
( 7:12)
3. ( 5-7)
( 5:20)
4. ( 18:22; 17:3-4)( 5:44)
5.
a. ( 6:33)
b. ()( 5:3-8)
( ) (
37:14;40:17;69:28-29,32-33; 61:1;66:2)
( 61:2)() 61:1
55:1;61:3;49:10 ( 18:25;cf.
6:36) 24:3-6 ;

c. ( 8:31)
6. ( 5:48)

(Insights) (Experiences) (Training) (Emphasis)

1. (Flesh) () (Humanness)
(Limitation) (Moral Weakness)( 7:25;8:4-9)
2. "" (Of Human Spirit) ()
( 1-2 )
3. (Universal Failure) ( 1-3 )

4. (Divine Reaction) ( 1:17;3:21; 5:9)

(/)
5. (Moral Transformation)( 6:15; 6:11; 2:3-4;4:23-24)
( 4:13; 3:10; 3:18; 4:19)

1. ( 13:8-10; 5:14;6:2; 2:2)


( 2:2; 13)
2.
a. ( 2:3,7;3:10,16; 1:30;14:20; 4:23;5:17; 1:9)
b. ( 5:26; 6:11; 1:12;7:1)
( 12:1)( 15:16;
2:13)

44

( 7:1)
c. (Consecrated Life)( 12:1; 4:18; 15:16; 4:6)

1.
""
( 11:1,6)( 12:2)
( 4:2)
( 4:3)()(11:10,16)
/(3:6,14)
2.
(1:14)(1:2,11)
(2:14-18)
(1:27)

3.
(1:7)(3:13)()
(2:15)(2:13,15)(3:1,6)
(2:18)

----------------------
_______________________ ___________________
.
.
. (15)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. ()(20)

45

()
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. (15)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. (20)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

46

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. (15)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. (15)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

47