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EECB353, Semester 1 2014/2015

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
PUTRAJAYA CAMPUS
FINAL EXAMINATION
SEMESTER 1 2014 / 2015

PROGRAMME

: Bachelor of Electrical & Electronics Engineering (Hons)


Bachelor of Electrical Power Engineering (Hons)

SUBJECT CODE

: EECB353

SUBJECT

: Communication Systems

DATE

: September 2014

TIME

: 3 hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

1.

This paper contains FOUR (4) questions in EIGHT (8) pages.

2.

Answer ALL questions.

3.

Write all answers in the answer booklet provided.

4.

Write answer to each question on a new page.

5.

Do not bring in unwarranted materials except those that are allowed.

THIS QUESTION PAPER CONSISTS OF 8 PRINTED PAGES INCLUDING THIS


COVER PAGE.

Page 1 of 8

EECB353, Semester 1 2014/2015

QUESTION 1 [15 marks]


Figure 1 shows a GSM receiver. An ideal amplifier J, operates at temperature 27 oC with
a bandwidth of 20 MHz. It is also given that amplifier J has an input signal power of
6.8x10-12 watt and has a power gain of 12 dB. Amplifier J is then cascaded with an
amplifier K, which has a noise figure of 5.5 dB and power gain of 8 dB.

B
Amplifier J

Amplifier K

Figure 1

(a)

Discuss what will happen to the signal quality in terms of signal-to-noise ratio
(SNR) as it passes through the amplifier J. Analyze the noise factor of the
amplifier J. Justify your answer by calculation. It is given that Boltzmanns
constant, K = 1.38 10-23 J/K.
[6 marks]

(b)

How much additional noise is incurred in amplifier K?


[4 marks]

(c)

If a transmission line is inserted at point B as shown in Figure 1, determine the


power gain, noise factor and noise figure for the transmission line, so that the
overall gain is 22.5 dB. Then, determine the total noise figure of the receiver.
(Note: For a lossy transmission line, NFLdB if the transmission line is located in
an environment that is inhabitable by humans)
[5 marks]

Page 2 of 8

EECB353, Semester 1 2014/2015

QUESTION 2 [30 marks]

Figure 2 shows the sampled voice signal of a voice channel, where the voice signal has
been sampled at 400k times per second. It is given that the sampled voice signal is ranged
between -10 V to +10 V with a resolution of four bits using linear quantization.
Amplitude (V)

9.8
7.2.
2.8

1.1

1.0

-0.6

-3.1

Time (s)

-7.2
-9.2
Figure 2
(a)

If a cable with a minimum bandwidth of 3 MHz is used to transmit several voice


signals, where each of the signal has been sampled and quantized similar to the
voice signal above, calculate the number of voice signals that can fit through the
cable for transmission.
[5 marks]

(b)

Design the pulse code modulation (PCM) codebook for the voice channel
utilizing the linear quantization and determine the PCM code of each sample for
the first period of 15 s of Figure 2.
[10 marks]

(c)

Design a new PCM codebook utilizing non-linear quantization with a resolution


of four bits as well.
[5 marks]

(d)

Calculate the signal to quantization noise ratio (SQR) and dynamic range for part
(b) and part (c). Use the first four voltage reading (the first four samples) of
Figure 2 for your SQR calculation and refer to your designed PCM codebook to
calculate the dynamic range. What can you observe from your calculation?
[10 marks]
Page 3 of 8

EECB353, Semester 1 2014/2015

QUESTION 3 [25 marks]

(a)

Figure 3 shows a constellation diagram for a digital communication modulator for


use with a channel with a bandwidth of 5 MHz.

Figure 3
(i)

Calculate the maximum data rate possible for this channel assuming that it is
a noiseless channel.
[3 marks]

(ii)

Calculate the amplitude and phase for the input (110) and (101).
[4 marks]

(iii) Hence, derive the truth table showing the relationship of the input and
output signals.
[3 marks]

Page 4 of 8

EECB353, Semester 1 2014/2015

(b)

Design a digital modulator which is able to produce the output waveform Y


shown in Figure 4. Your design should include a block diagram (showing the
specifications of the key component), truth table, and constellation diagram.
Extract the transmitted input bit stream.
[8 marks]

1 bit
0.033 s
Figure 4

(c)

Based on the two systems in part (a) and part (b), evaluate which system is more
suitable for use in a radio network. Justify your selection by showing all relevant
calculations.
[7 marks]

Page 5 of 8

EECB353, Semester 1 2014/2015

QUESTION 4 [30 marks]

(a)

Code division multiple access system (CDMA) is required for 3 users namely user
A, user B and user C. The specification of this system is that the PN code is of
length 4 bits and the bipolar code is + 1 for when the data bit has a value of 1 and
-1 when the data bit has a value of 0. Your tasks are to:

(i)

Propose the set of pseudonoise (PN) codes for all the 3 users. Provide
justification for choosing the codes which you have proposed.
[3 marks]

(ii)

Determine the transmitted CDMA signal if the users are sending


information bits as shown in the Table 1:
[3 marks]
Users

Time Slot 0

Time Slot 1

Table 1

(iii) Use an appropriate technique if a fourth user D intend to decode user A's
time slot 1 from the transmitted CDMA signal. Justify your answer with
calculation.
[4 marks]

Page 6 of 8

EECB353, Semester 1 2014/2015

(b)

A new TNB power plant has just been completed and you are assigned to design a
time division multiplexing system (TDM) for the communication requirement
with the head-quarters in Bangsar. The TDM system must carry two voice
channels, one music channel and 8 telemetry channels.

Each of the analog

channels must be sampled at the Nyquist rate and uniformly quantized such that
the SQR is greater than 25 dB. The specifications of the various channels are as
follows : -

Voice channel: Bandlimited to 4 kHz


Music channel : Bandlimited to 8 kHz
Telemetry channel : Synchronous digital with 14.4 kbits/s

Present your design using a block diagram and label all sub-components and
specifications of the TDM system which contain but not limited to A/D
specification, anti-aliasing filters bandwidth specification, commutator rotation
speed specification and transmission bandwidth.
[15 marks]

(c)

The communication requirement in part (b) is now transmitted using a frequency


division multiplexing system (FDM) based on single sideband suppressed carrier
(SSBSC) and quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) modulation technique. The
carrier frequency allocated to you is 300 kHz and a guard band of 4 kHz is
provided to avoid inference with adjacent channels. Determine the output
bandwidth allocation for the FDM system. Justify your answer with calculations.
State any assumptions made.
[5 marks]

Page 7 of 8

EECB353, Semester 1 2014/2015

Bessel Function of the First Kind, Jn(m)


Modulation
Index

Carrier

Side Frequency Pairs

J0

J1

J2

J3

J4

J5

J6

J7

J8

J9

J10

J11

J12

J13

J14

0.00

1.00

0.25

0.98

0.12

0.50

0.94

0.24

0.03

1.00

0.77

0.44

0.11

0.02

1.50

0.51

0.56

0.23

0.06

0.01

2.00

0.22

0.58

0.35

0.13

0.03

2.40

0.00

0.52

0.43

0.20

0.06

0.02

2.50

-0.05

0.50

0.45

0.22

0.07

0.02

0.01

3.00

-0.26

0.34

0.49

0.31

0.13

0.04

0.01

4.00

-0.40

-0.07

0.36

0.43

0.28

0.13

0.05

0.02

5.00

-0.18

-0.33

0.05

0.36

0.39

0.26

0.13

0.05

0.02

5.45

0.00

-0.34

-0.12

0.26

0.40

0.32

0.19

0.09

0.03

0.01

6.00

0.15

-0.28

-0.24

0.11

0.36

0.36

0.25

0.13

0.06

0.02

7.00

0.30

0.00

-0.30

-0.17

0.16

0.35

0.34

0.23

0.13

0.06

0.02

8.00

0.17

0.23

-0.11

-0.29

-0.10

0.19

0.34

0.32

0.22

0.13

0.06

0.03

8.65

0.00

0.27

0.06

-0.24

-0.23

0.03

0.26

0.34

0.28

0.18

0.10

0.05

0.02

9.00

-0.09

0.25

0.14

-0.18

-0.27

-0.06

0.20

0.33

0.31

0.21

0.12

0.06

0.03

0.01

10.00

-0.25

0.05

0.25

0.06

-0.22

-0.23

-0.01

0.22

0.32

0.29

0.21

0.12

0.06

0.03

0.01

-END OF QUESTION PAPER-

Page 8 of 8