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3147

2014

1. 3147
2. ------

3147

9701

Unit One
vote

alike

v. /n.

adj.

deal with

debate v. /n.

breathe sighs of relief

authority

association n.

n.

associate with

occupation authorities

bitterly

adv.

be authorized to do

bill

be entitled to (do) sth.

passage

incurably ill patients


terminally ill

n.
n.

tide

n.

likely

adj/adv. = possible

be likely to

convince v.

unlikely adj.

word n.

aging population

flash v./n.

extend v.

executive

life-extending technology

a. n.

= impossible

chief executive

extended family

the right to

be extended indefinitely

have rights doing sth.

get on with

society

have something to do with

n. academic ~

have much to do with

specific society
community

observer

n. ,

observe

legal community

health research community

v.

observation ,;

scientific community
religious community

n.

make observations
dominoes ~ effect

via

prep.

request v.

post

v.

deadly adj.

bulletin
import

n.
n.

dreadful adj.
inject

v.

implications n.

pill

imply

suffering n.

v.

n.

implicit

a. ()

diagnose v.

explicit

a.

cool off

sink in

certificate

suffer v.

n.

3147

haunting a.

biased adj. = prejudiced

terrifying

prejudice n./v. = bias

a.

spiritual

a.

fight for
claw

puzzling

v. scratch

puzzle

v.

puzzlement

mask n.
object to

adj.
word ~

n. ,

=confusion
objection to

confused adj.

objectionable

confusing adj.

objective

confuse v.

adj.

objectivity
impartial

n.
adj.

share the same view on


be responsible for
significance n.
calm

a.

intense

confusion n.

a.~ fear

optimistic

adj.

optimism

n.

pessimistic adj.
pessimism
reserve

n.

v.

reserved

adj.

reserve space

characteristic

n.~s a.

consent
slight

v.
adj.

be characteristic of = be typical of

enthusiastic adj.

be characterized by

enthusiast n.

experience

gloomy

v./n. = undergo=go

through

gloom n.

shared experience
perish

v. in peril

doom

v. approval

disapproval

n.

n. gloom and ~

scary

approve

adj.

adj., scar

n.

scared adj.

indifferent a. ,
indifference

Unit Two 9702

carefree adj.

consistent a.

suspect v.

courteous a.

suspicion

court n.

n.

be suspicious of

subjective

adj.

frequently
rarely

adv.

3147

small-minded a.
ill-mannered
deserve

reflect

v. = mirror

a.

v.

~ on

reflection

n.

comment on

weary a.=exhausted

otherwise

tourist trails

dull

adv./adj.

a.

dullness

pretty ad.~ soon

existence n. , life

pretty = fairly = rather

typically

proper a.properly

distant

ad. = generally
a.

source

casual a.

n. =origin

diversion n.
diverse

interpret

adj.

diversity

n.

program

n.

casualness n.
v.

interpret as
artificial

= project

a.

historically developed ()

harsh a. harshness

developed society

harsh realities

emerging countries

frontier

As is true of

n.

shape v.
reshape v.
hospitality
injure

injury

turn to = resort
to
lodge

a. , n.

a set of
signal

n.

v.

n.

n.

assume

v.

cabin n.

assumption

settlement

not necessarily

shelter

n.

n.

v.

residence n.
dwelling

n.

v.

underlie
fail

v.

translate
brief

on the part ofon my part

fail to

v.

charitable a.

more than

n.

n.

v.()

merelyadj./adv. = only
impulse

complicated a.

sign

dwell

n. ~ to sb.

v.

complex

a. in brief

brief

n.

3147

encounter v./n.

familiar

distinguish between

alcohol

valuehighly

tobacco

n.

be interralated

neutral

a.

exercise

psychologist

v. , ~ an influence

a .

n.

psychoactive ,()

over
manifest v. ~ oneself ~ation
manifesto

n.

abuse

exclusive adj.exclusive use

v./n ; patient abuse

make clear

equal v.

misuse v.

entertain

heroin

v. (=treat)

n.

out of

cocaine n.

out of charitable impulse

pervasive

flavor

aspirin n.

n.

a. = widespread

keep up

quiet

keep up with

sociable a.

keep doing

nerve

v.
n.

apparent a. = obvious
Unit Three 9703

apparently

substance

constructive

n.

adv.
a.

other than

negative effects

rather than

impact

technically

a.

a.

n., have significant ~

on

technical progress

poison v (~ous )

professional progress

perceptual

v.

alter

perception

n.

v.

mental

a.

perceive

v.

drug n.

distort

term

repeated use

n. v. /

human term
refer to
chemical
addict

repeated adj.

lead to = result in =cause

n.

substance dependence

n.

addiction

v. ~ion

v.~ to

n. to

be dependent on /upon
independent

a. be ~ of

3147

radical a.

independence n.

radical change/reform

be marked by

state of consciousness

tolerance

n. tolerate

be tolerant of
desire

tolerate

v.

v.

n./v., ~ed effect

conscious a.
be preferable to ,

preference n.

appearance
unpleasant

n.

preferential adj. , ~ policies

n. pleasure

n.

in that
fatal

withdraw

v.withdrawal

n.

a.

overwhelming

a.

piercing a.

symptom

n.

pierce v.

discontinue v.
affect

v.

mood

n.

group

effect

result from

n.

fierce

= arise from

= stem from

be attributed to

v. = classify

attribute to

stimulate v.(stimulant n.

blame ,
owe to

= due to

depress v.

consumption n. ,(consume

depressant n.

production and consumption

illusion

pattern n.,, standard ~

v.hallucination

n.

hallucinogens
initially

v.)

n.

purpose n.= intention

adv. =originally

= primarily

quantitative a.
application to n.

speed up slow down

technological application

activate

v.

apply v. to

primary

a.;

employ

primarily

adv. =predominantly

n.

predominance
variety

n.

employment

n.

part time employment

=firstly=initially
primacy

employer

v.

n., a ~ of

full time employment


disease n.
positive a. nagative

a.

3147

positive forces =driving forces

deal n.

dealership n.

property n. intellectual property

restructure v.,,
Unit

Four 9704

reengineer

contribute to
contribution n. (=contributing
factors)

v.

flap

n./v. debate

n. ,

decline n./v.

hip-hop

economic/ moral decline /

expression

declining adj. a ~ industry

defend v.

fade v.

defender n. =supporter

fading adj.

defendant n.

falling

justify

rising

adj.
adj. ()

n. ~ freedom

v.

be justified

=growing, soaring, increasing

scientifically justified

fall

v./n. fellfallen= drop

justifiable adj.

rise

v./n. rose risen

defend/justifyon the grounds that/of

on the rise/ decline /


accomplish
complete

v.
v.

release v.

issue v.

under fire

adj., incomplete

violent a.
violence n. school violence

career

n.

corrupt v.

violate v. = infringe
a.

violate the rules and regulations

various a

test

times

democratic

n.

n./v.

creative freedom

column

bottom line

lie in

a.

n.

core n./a.

the widest possible latitude

take over

dispute v./n. beyond ~

late

a. ,

alive

raise stock price


debt n.

adj.

disputable a.
irritating a.
compromise
=back off

v./n.=retreat

3147

hard-line
to some extent
stockholder
cite

~ stand

=at some level

n.

v.

a.

effecton n.

= influence on

hence adv.
analogy n.

balance n./v.
announce v.

variable

nanlogous adj.
= declare

conduct v./n

launch v. ~ a drive to do sth.

~ online transactions

drive

likento

v.

v.

driving force

crack v.

be driven underground

rear

v.

develop

view

n.

v.

develop standards

faulty a

distribute

banker n.

v.

distribution
collection

n.
n.

double-digit

information collection and distribution


n.

boss and board = the management


licencing board
be supportive of
oppositive adj.
insider

poll v.
percentage n.

board

boast v.

favorable

capacity n.

utilization n.

oppose v.

n.

prove

v. (),,;

thrilling n.

people associated with

follow

v.

senator n

comparable a.

amendment n.,

extremely a.

unite v.

last

v.

amaze
Unit

Five 9705

v.

amazing

a.

monetary a.
steer

v.

land v.
brake

take off

n./v.

Unit

Six 9801

it doesnt help that

capture v. ,

precise a.

(~ ones attention/ imagination)

far from the truth

giant dam

gigantic

3147

adj. = giant=titanic

at the mercy of
drought
ideal

n. flood n.

n.

a.

give up on as an ideal

myth n.
mythical

adj.

persist v. ,
persistent

adj.

do ones bidding

civilized

fascinating adj.

civilize

fascination

stop (short of) doing ()

n.,

adj.

= civil

v.

be fascinatedwith

troops n. = forces

project

contention over (contend v. )

n.();,

threatento do=
risk
threat

contend

v. , contention

n.
n.

symbol

give the go-ahead

n.

wrong-headed

strive to do something / for something

even though

assert oneself
cement
bid

v.

n.

adj. ,
= even if

although ( = though )

ad.

destruction n.
the powerful

bid for,

the powerless

overbidding

far from

status

far beyond

n.

tend to
intend v. ~ doing/to do sth.

resolve

v.

be intended to do

conflict

tendency n.

hydroelectric power

n.

trend n.

irrigation n.

deprive somebody of something

monster adj.
shut ones eyes to reality

fertile
silt

adj. ,

n.

neglect

v.

negligence n.

in return for

vital

reservoir

vitality n.

n.

adj.

barely adv. = hardly

concern v.

generate electricity

concerning prep.

n.

3147

concerned
voice ones concern

official

adj.~ status

mild/serious/hightened concern

statistics

//

mildly

be concerned about/with

n.
adv. mild

strengthen v.

lumptogether

weaken

manufacturing

v.

strengths and weaknesses

adj.

v.
n.

manufacturer n.

universal

on average

universalize

n.

v. = popularize

no use crying over spilt milk

previous

adj.

acceleration n.

haste n. = rush

due to

hasten v.

rebound n.

leap v. /n.

cycle

n.

recycle

tale

Seven 9802
n.

corporation n.

business ~

v.

conclusive
Unit

adj. ~

evidence
inconclusive

adj. ,

corporate adj.

evidence n.

international/multinational corporation

treasury secretary

n.

disjunction n.

incorporate v.

anecdote n.

revival

downsize

n.

establish

v.

established

adj.

overall

v.
adj.

factor n.

well-established adj.~ tend

joint

productive

adj.

join v.

productivity

n.

equipment

adj.
n.

revolution n.

machinery n.

revolutionary adj.

profitable

preside over

profit

president

v.

n.,, vice ~

international ties
adj.

~ industry

adj.

n.

switch (to)

3147

matter much

blunt adj.

speculate

dismiss as

(on)

v.

consultant n. ( = advisor )

speculative
ineptly

adj.

consultancy n.

adv.

ambulance n.

spread v. , ,

turning point

widespread adj.

recovery n.

be evenly spread

exclude v.

suppose v.

include v.

academic

v.

a.

former

adj. n.

colony

n. anti-colonial

fall short of
anticipation

n. anticipate

v.

the true state of

chain n.

pose a question / challenge /

crude adj.

raise a question

crude oil

question v.

bakery
toast

n.

= suspect

questionnaire n. reply n. ,

v.

put forward () (= pose

case n.

v.

in many cases

unquestioned claim

revenue

reform n. (liberal reform

n.

colleague

n. = company

mechanistic

adj. mechanism

)
n.

essentialfor/toadj.,,

mechanical a.

a bunch of

mechanical learning

good-for-nothing

in afashion (= in a

n.,;

manner)
version

Unit

chop out

uneasy

give thought to (n)

sufficient

adj. , sufficiency

n.
long-term

Eight 9803
adj.;

aspect n.
rebel v.,

adj.

in a short term

prospect

rebelling beliefs
trial n.

3147

Catholic Church

creationism n.

remark n./v. harsh remarks

evolution

make a passing remark

phenomenon n.

worldview
schism

n.

n.
phenomena

contradict v.

n.

contradiction n.

deepen v.

contradictory adj.

humanities

self-contradictory adj.

n.

humanity

n.

if anything

contrast n.

afford to do

survey n./v.

critic

on the contrary

n. criticize

v.

reveal

v.

critical(ly)

adj.

tag n. v. = label
label

v./n.

think critically /

epithet n.

think independently

attach to

ignore

attach importance to

v.

be completely ~ed

advocate v.

fund n. v. ,,

eliminate

funding n.
over-funding

smallpox n.
virus

anti-science n.

v. , , (elimination

n.)

under-funding

n.

virtue n.

notably adv.

scorn v.

assemble

long for

v.

find fault with


social status
sociology

utopia

n.

,,

n.

sociologist

n.

biological utopia
environmentalist

n.

n.,

philosopher n.

essay n.

philosophy n.

inevitable

create

respond forcefully/strongly to

v.

creation

creativity
creature

n.

article n.

adj.

n.
n.

respond to
correspond to

v.

3147

corresponding adj.

pioneer n.

Unit Nine 9804

global warming

emerge v.

depletion n.

emergence n.

ozone layer

emerge as

= appear

v.

consequence n.

emerging countries

logical consequence

emerging economies

consequent adj.

census n.

consequently

head-counting n.

adv. = thus = therefore

note v.

n.

regional adj.

explanatory note

national a.

heavy note

worldwide

denote v.

compete with

have in common

competitor n.

common

fierce/ intense competition

adj.

a.

annoy v.

competitive adj.

annoying employees

anti-competitive force

confront v.

competitiveness

confrontation n.

fading/growing competitiveness /

separation n.

separate adj.

competently

earn ones keep

incompetently

adv. ,
adv. ,

earn v.

standstill

contempt

enthrone v.

n.,,

n.

earn the contempt of sb.

densely/thinly populated ()

contemptible

be populated with/by

greedy

adj.

adj.

numerically adv.,

show sympathy with/for

ever recorded/witnessed ()

in sympathy with

decade n.

sympathetic

adj.

n. = rise

add up to

compassionate

adj.

annual adj.

the Depression years

exemplify
context

gain

v.

n.

migrate

v.

immigrant

n.

3147

immigration n.,()
prevail

v. ,,

prevalent
shift

adj. ;~ changes

adj. ,

drop out of

dramatic

dramatic declaration
dramatically

v. /n.

adv.

spacious adj. space n.

shift (from) to

smog n.

major shift

crime

wave

criminal

n. = trend

n.
a. n.

one wave after another

plague n.

the snow-belt

urbanization

the sun-belt

urban a.

role

n.

play a role

n.

suburban adj.

play a key role

rural

baby boom ,

rate n.

child-bearing adj.,

interest rates

crop n.

crime rate

generation

n.

a.

divorce rate

birth rate

inflation rates

two-generation household

ratio

demography n.

reason n.

related

reasonable a.

adj.

closely related

to

considerably

career-related
instance

adj.

n.

rapid adj.
rap

n.

v.

adv. =

vastly
perplex v.
perplexing

n.

vast

sex ratio

adj.

adj.

witness

v.

n.

undergo

v. = experience

vastly = greatly = broadly

distinguish oneself from others

devastate

stress

v.

be composed of
square

n./a.

meters

climatic influence
climate

flight

stressoverv.

n. v.

n.

highlight

n.
v. = stress

bearable adj.

continuous adj.

dramatize v.

continual adj.

drama

elaborate v.

n.

delayed

3147

adj.

unanimously
democracy

delay v. ,

adv.

span v.

n.

be engaged in
conservative

cling to something

n.

attention span
life span

a.

coastline n.

n.

ocean n.

= stick to

oceanic adj.

reminder n.
remind v.
Unit

10 9805

scatter

continent n.

v.

continental plate

the globe n.

relative

isolate

motion n. = mobility

v.

isolated

adj.

mobile

region n.
volcano

adj.
adj. mobility

n.

n. volcanic activity

orbital motion
construct v.

geology

n. geologist

n.

in detail
detail

geological feature
geological publication n.

adv.

n.

with respect to
=

in terms of =

regarding

hot spot

readily adv.

boundary n.

translate into

drifting plate

determine v.

drift away

in opposite directions

make up = account for

stationary

be made up of

surface n.
interior

n.

adj.

respectively

adv.

anchor v.

trail

layer
a.

n.

measuring instrument

n. ,, tourist ~svolcanic

~s

measure n.
conventional measures

milestone

n.

mark

v.

markedly

complementary

measurable adj.
adv.

analysis

n. self-analysis

adj.

senior analyst

n.

3147

be confined to something
frame

n.

tragedy

n.

reference n.

lawsuit

n.

geophysical

sue v.

adj.

propel v.

appeal

v. (to,for)

broad adj.

compensate sb. for

broaden v.

compensation n.

fissure

or so

n./ v. = crack

entire

adj.

entirely

jury n.

adv.

hold v.

entirely reasonable

be liable for adj.

entirely different story

be liable to

initiate

liability

v.

n.

take initiative

misfortune n.

medical initiative

fortune

n. ,

formation

n.

mutability

n.

cautious adj.

consistent

adj., ~ly adv.

caution n./v.

precaution n.

inconsistency n.

appropriate

apart adv.

inappropriate subject

dome

drug interaction

n.

be deducted from
stable

interact with

adj.

stability n.

adj. = proper

interactive

adj.

interactivity n.
federal adj.
Unit 11 9901

regulation n.

rough

regulate

adj.

roughly

adv.

slip

v.

warning

n.

adj.

regularity

n.

customer

n.

n.

potential customer
customize

disaster

regular

client

warn of/against ,

v.

n.

catastrophe

n.

n.

take somebody to court

3147

turn the tide

lengthy

reverse the trend ,


claim

tedious

n.

lengthen

unquestioned claim
proclaim

v.

adj. =

= claim

v.

shorten

v.

get buried

buried

side with / back up

triviality

paralyze

v.

draft

paralysis

n.

moderate adj.

parallel

n. a.

unparalleled adj.

n.

v.

n.

have ones way

= unmatched

unsurpassed might

for the benefit of / in the interest of

unprecedented a.

find fault with

precede

promise v. n.

v.

proceed to
athlete

n.

institute

intellectual promise

n.
n. v.

inadequacy n.
judgement

n.

inadequate adj.,,
make the best use of

n.

recommendation
recommend

promising adj.

justice

political promise

judge

be

be / feel obliged to do

n.

v. counsel

demonstrate
v.

v.,,= illustrate

discard v.
discard in words

carry v.
carry substantial weight

Unit

substantial

web business = internet commerce

adj.

= considerable
weight
issue

12 9902

= online transaction

n.
v.

n.

anti-consumerism

guideline n.

consumer

tort law

culture of consumption

state

v.

bombard sb. with

statement

v.

n.

medical consumer
fashion

n.

v. , ,

3147

(=develop)

available online

attain a certain fashion

site

n. =website

direct

a.

old-fashioned a.

indirect

a.

fashionable a.

transmit

v. transmission

revolve around v.

message

n. send out messages

tap

screen savor

v.

the market

make sense
nonetheless

adv.

deliver

(=

nevertheless )
hesitate
doubt

self-doubt

n.

n.,, tourist streams

a stream of

n. dubious

a.

streams of news/information
subscriber n.

reliable

adj. fairly ~

subscribe v. to
monitor n.

reliability
trust

v.

stream

doubter

updated adj.

v.
v.

n.

v./n.

as yet

n.

not(just) yet
special sales

distrust

v.

commercial promotion

mistrust

v.

promote

trustworthy

adj.

pathway n.
risk

n.

path

partner n.

v.

byproduct n.
n.

v./n. = threaten

risk doing something

give somebody access to

produce v. ,; n.
side-effect n.
offer

v.

provide

v. = offer

provided conj. = if
think tank

access n.

notion n.

accessible adj.

connotation n.

intranet

event

n.

n.

model n./v.

eventually

adv.

focus on

flow

available adj.

request n.

v.

3147

once adv. = used to

baby boom

univited

a.

distinction
distinct

boom v.

n.

a.

enjoy the widest popularity

popular

adj.

draw v.

popular culture

draw distinctions/ comparisons between

populist

and ,
comparison

n.

n.
adj.

faith

n.

prospect n. raise the ~

give priority to

job prospect

function v.,, n.

career prospect
horrify

v.

functional adj.
leading adj.

Net purist
pure a. ,

Unit

resort to something

invisible

the best resort

visible adj.

the last resort

border n.

the right mix of and

frontier

adj.

n.

divide v. n.

cost

13 9903

n.

digital divide

at all ~s

division n. ,,

cost and benefit

argue for = subscribe =favor

costly
free fall

adj.

enterprise n.
silicon

= expensive

n. in silicon

argue

v. ,

=claim=hold=contend
argument

n.

on behalf of

silicon chips

= on ones behalf

set up

explore

take the online plunge ,

exploration

expand v.

subject n.,;

expansion n.
fanciful
in vain

adj.

v.
n.

adj.,

be subject to (n.)

3147

subject matter

go to

world outlook

=outlook on the

world

go to the heart of

outlook on life

indeed adv. ()

bank on = count on

campaign

vocation

n. v.

aim at

n.

vocational

= aim towards

aimlessness

vacation

n.

adj.

~ education

n.

=technical education

require v.

emphasize

concept

emphasis on the basics

n.

conception
assess

n.

v. emphasis

emphasis on test-taking

v.

emphasis on moral education

possess v.

= own

graduate v.

possession n.

introduce v.

livelihood n.

profession n.

be equipped with

introduction

professional progress

this is always the case

professional

this is not always the case

a. n.,

amateur

a. n.

pursue v.

professionalization

pursuit

presumptuous

n. = quest

intellectual pursuit

presume

be fit to do

insist

forsakefor=replacewith=tradewith

accountant n.

betray

v.
v.

v. assume

v.

v. = maintain

account for ()(


)
life-long adj.
acquaintance n.

cheer

adj.

intellectual inquiry

n.

professional training

the case

forsake

n.

v. cheery

adj.

acquaint v.
pick up

cheer somebody on

various software programs

cheering adj.

a host of

outlook n. = view

rush

v./n. n. ,,(

3147

of a team, club, society, or a panel )

)
gold rush

membership

far-reaching adj.

admit

take

v.

dubious-oriented

v.

admission

adj.

n.
(deny)

n. ,

( dismiss);,( denial)

indispensable

ban n./ v.

indicate

v.,,= suggest = reveal

impose a ban (on)

indicator

n.

lift the ban


startle

be indicative of
in disguise disguise

v./n

= stem from = derive from


n.

original

adj.,,

startling
swift

adj. move swiftly

move

n. (=shift)

the move fromto= the shift from to

candidate n.

declare v. = announce

section n.

be opposed to

segment

n. = part = component

strongly oppose

auxiliary

adj.

the opposite

course

n.

auxiliary ~

unusual

adj.

husbandry n.

acquisition

n.

,, in ~

of

technique n.
propose v.= recommend=counsel

acquire v. ,= merge
qualification

proposition n. = recommendation

n.

= argument/opinion

qualify v.

chair v.

master

feverishly adv.

v.

equally
belief
infer

a.

astonishing adj. , =

originate from
origin

v. startling

adj.
n.

v.

wisdom

n.

keyword n.
word

preside v.

v. well-worded

adj.

Unit

14 9904

restriction n.

panel n.

member

research team

n.

involve
cell

v. concerning

n.

routine

nerve cell

adj. , ~ly

adv.

3147

clinic

molecular biology
crucial

offspring n. =descendant

adj.

legislation n.

legislative

n.

knowingly
adj.

endanger

adv.
v. = thtreaten

legitimate adj. = legal

remain silent

illegal

appeal to

illicit

adj. = illicit
adj.

licence/license

appeal for

n. v./n. ,

preface n.
consensus

appeal for rate relief


appeal

v./n.

n., reach/ arrive at

transfer

v.

impose on

attempt

n./v. ~ to do

favor

v. = support = side with

nuclear adj.()

in favor of

nuclei

in the air

n.()

stem from ,

leave something undiscussed

= arise from =derive from


formal

n.

in no time

adj.

informally

adv.

Unit

15 9905

informality

n.

in practice

= in effect

elevated

adj.

preparedness n.

elevator

n.

supposedly adv.

tone n.

suppose v. = guess

elevated tone

discover

mother tone = native tone

gravity n.

conclude v.

be curious about

conclusion n.
conclusive

draw the conclusion

adj. ,

curious adj.
~

evidence
call for

= require

call on = appeal to
forbid
current

v.
adj., n.,,

clone v.

v.

curiosity n.
cause n.
a misguided/misled cause
fruitful

adj.,;

fruit of the heavens = heavenly bodies


consider v.
considerate adj.

3147

possibility
predict

n. = likeliness

budget

v. = foresee = forecast

n./v. (

worth adj.,

prediction n.

be worth doing

unpredictable

worthwhile

adj.

predictably adv.
wonder v.
small wonder

n.

cut and dried

noteworthy adj.
be shocked at

particularly adv. , ( )= in
particular
particular

adj.

shock n. oil ~

v.

nature n.

worth

worthy of
trustworthy

forget

adj. =

amount

amount to ; ,
victim

adj.; (),

n. ,
n.

prey n. , ,
captive

n.

n., a.;

gather the impression that

be convinced that /of something

substitute for

convince v.

n./v.

imaginative thought
imagine

v.

image

n.

advisor

faithful
imaging n.

n.

advisory

carry out

logical adj.

adj.
n.

farfetched adj.

auditor n.
distract

advisability

adj.

logic n.

n., adj.,

advisable

v.

necessity n.
keep eyes on = watch

however = no matter how

keep a close watch on

frown

v.

cash register

graph

n.

cash n.

table

microscope n.

data n.

nor conj.

database n.

conform v. to

figure

conformity n.

n.

public ~s

nonconformist image

neithernor

3147

desirable adj.

discriminate against
discrimination

the Union

the labor

n.

management n. ;

unfairness n. fairness n.
fair

adj. n. ,

fair competition

()
manage v.

= fair play

incompetently managed

odd adj.
in an odd way,

odds n. = probability

Unit

16 0001

work well with the team

effortless adj.

dreadful adj.

inquire v.
inquiry n.

~ headlines

= study

handicap n. a dreadful ~

inquiring mind

handle v. ,
glowing

findings

n.

adj.

=brightening

assert

v. ,,

assertion n.

weigh

v. ()

= dazzling
brightening fortune
scale n.

replace v.

upscale neighborhood

hip replacement

downscale

failing hips

adj. v. /

concise adj.

skilled adj.

be confident about

highly skilled

confidence

prosperous adj.

n.

over-confident

adj.

prosperity n.

take a vain pride = blind pride

beyond the dreams of

keen

destroy v. = destruct

adj.

have a ~ interest

in

retreat

stick to stuck to = insist


rely on
underestimate

= count on= depend on

v.

the management
the capital

overestimate

v.

v. = back

off
predominance n.
predominantly

= primacy

adv.

male-dominated

adj.

3147

narrow adj.

struggle

v. ,
be at a loss
huge

industry

adv. ,

=only

=merely

adj.

struggle and juggle


solely

:broaden;widen

v.

= enormous

obvious

n.

adj.

a devalued dollar

consumer electronics ,

turning n.
business cycle

shrink

v.( shrunk) shrinkage

n.

vanish

v.

go on a diet

textile

n.

quick-witted

sweep

v. sweep into=pour into

yield to

prudent
goal

adj.

adj.

proud adj.

n.

domestic

adj.

potential adj. , n. ;

overseas

adj.

realize ones potential

be on the ropes

rope n.
semiconductor

n.

workforce

n.

give an impetus to

casualty

n.

collapse v.
suicide n.

n.

bonus

n. ,

commit suicide

suicidal action
physician-assisted suicide (

crisis

enormous economic potentials

at the heart/core of

income

n.

crisis of confidence

human nature
pave the way for

take for granted

auto n.

auto industry

shortly

adv.

sensational

adj.

Unit

17 0002

female n. / adj.

look back

maturity

solid growth

mortality n. mortal

growth n.

survive

= development

n.

mature

v.

adj.

adj.
survival

n.

3147

excess

n.in ~
adj.

excessive
mate

organic being

adj.

savage

n.

match

v.

unaware of
n.

beyond ones comprehension


n.

beyond ones ability

natural selection

ugliness n.

remove

lack n./v.

v.

height

n. weight

n.

make no difference
variation

n.

defective

adj. defect

illustrate v.

gene

n.

reach a high stage of

agent

n.

stage

stay

v. ,()

= hold = keep = remain


alive
late

n.

adj.

health care , =health = care


v.

adv.
v. adj.;,
Unit

opportunity

n.

18 0003

meet v. ~ ones wish/

take (full) advantage of

expectation/

diminish

demand/needs

wealth

v.
n.

remaining adj.
tribe

poverty

n.

n.

tribal peoples
grand

work well

work against

average

phase

primary ~

work

adj.

nowadays

late-stage cancer

adj. , late

fertile

n.

goal/

the

requirement/

v. = meet

~ the laws and requirements

adj.

mediocrity

fulfill

the

n.

physical change

fulfill a task = perform a task


attain
sustain

v. ~ ones goal
v. sustained

adj.,

sustained concentration

species n.

sustained boom

transform

sustainable adj. ()

evolve
ignorant

v.

v.

~ from

n. , be ~ of= be

sustainable development

principle

3147

n.

at will

moral principle

describe v.

medical principle

battle

with regard to

upsetting adj.

disregard

v. = ignore

consist of

regardless

adv.
~ of = despite

be highly regarded

description n.

n.

approach n.
v.

think/speak highly of

review n./v.

place a very high value on

merit

attach much importance to

flaw

poetry

literature

novel

article

essay

mode n.

n.
n.
adj. , novelty

n.

theory n.

human nature

be based on

transient

class

adj.

v.

classify

v.

conditions of life
conditionally

= group

v.

Unit

adv.

moral

speed up

= accelerate v.

19 0004
adj. ~ education

immoral

morality

n.

slow down

work-moral values

till now

ethical values

emotion

values

n.

emotional adj.

new form of expression

n.

be typical of

= be characteristic of

lawful expression

harmony

expression freedom

envy

pour out

increasingly

n. harmonious

n./ v.
adv.

pour into

seeas

hamper

being n.

v.

= block = hinder

unhampered adj.

largely

finite

entry into

adj.

sacrifice

definitely

make sacrifice

indefinitely
imitate

adv.

v.

= viewas

adv.

finite resource
adv.

n.

n./v. ,

heavy sacrifice
climb the social ladder

rigid

3147

adj.

rigorous

liberal

adj.,,

adj.

life-style
endure v.

be fully satisfied with

dissatisfaction n. = discontent
counterpart
praise

n.

n.

durable

adj., during

centralization n.

v.

abandon v.

show up

discomfort

test score

tell

personality

one quarter

courage

n.

n. courageous

adj.

n.

v.

rival

n.

chiefly adv. = mainly

encourage

v.

cultivate

v. = develop = shape

ruling party

cultivation

committee

n.

exceed v.

frustration

n.

appreciate v.

frustrate

v.

n.

appreciation n.

lead to
drop out

n.

run wild ,

= run

uncontrolled

Unit

incidence n.

ambition n.

assault

the fulfillment of the ambition/goal

n./v.

20 0005

amid prep.

outcry n.

ambitious

outrage

reward v./ n.

v.

seek v.

(sought)

award

job seeker

job-hunter
minister
raise

adj.

prewar

n.

n.

deem
tradition

v.

raise public awareness


raise eyebrow

= return

n. v.

control over ones destiny

post war

rewarding adj.

seek to do
, =

v.
n.

be widely shared
= be widely accepted
share v.

n.

admire

v. admiration n.

worship
honor

3147

n./v.

unimpressive

adj.

not extremely unattractive

v. n.

quality n.

dishonor v.

be fixed in ones mind

the educated

stirring n.

not least

stir up v. ()

benefit from

prompting n.

hypocrisy

prompt

n.

hypocritical spectacle

item

= acknowledge

adv.

brand n.

adj.

profess v.

spectacle n.
formerly

v.

sly

name brands

proclaim = claim

adj.

the way things stand

n.

stupid adj.

confess v. to

the vast majority of

easily

earnest adj.

adv.

openly adv.

get on in life

lest

fame n.

conj. = on the chance (that)

appear

v.;, appearance

n.

material

= reputation

adj.,(spiritual

pushing adj.

customary

acquisitive

check v.

adj.

adj.

vulgar

adj.

let out

ample

adj.

deny v.

materialism

n.

denial

=release

n.

admit

participate in participation in

---admission

participatory democracy

openly ~

admission n.

phase n.

maintain v.

be enrolled in

vigorously

exception

n.

energetic adj.

adj.

momentarily

formulation

n.

verbally

n./v.

adv.

adj.

practically

adv. = literally

heart attack

practical adj.

angle

impractical

n.

v.

adv.

exceptional
attack

admit

adj.

3147

reinforce v.
be mutually reinforced
refereeing n.
Unit

21 0101

specialization

readership n.
n.

differentiation n.

specialize in

whereas

speciality

well under way

n.

response to (n.)
accumulation

reckon

n., accumulate

conj.

v.

v.

while

~as = view as =

seeas

split up v.

chemistry

n.

basis for (n.)

psychology

n.

a series of
process n

v.

microprocessor n.

Unit

geophysical process

so-called adj.

communication

digital

n. ,;,

22 0102

adj.

digital age

transportation and communication

lecture v.

looming

communicate
clear-cut

v.

adj.,

integrate into
disintegrate

~ distinction

adj. ,

=potential
visible

adj.

v. = split = break up

mathematical

adj.

commercial

adj.

commercialize v.

laboratory n.

business n.

in terms of

after all

definition

n.

online adj. / adv.

define v.

be left behind

be broadly defined

planet n.

constitute

net n.

local

v.

adj. national

represent

v.

representative

in ones own right

entrance to = access to

n.

v. adj.

widen v. narrow
tool n.
combat

n./v.

poverty

n.

disadvantage

n.

3147

the disadvantaged

prevent

v.

the poverty and misery of the disadvantaged

impoverished

connect v. ,

adj.

prevention

n.

defeat v.

connection n. = link = relation

enormous

disconnect

get over

adj. = huge

n.

adopt v.

outdated adj.

adopt/copy ones pattern

anti-

colonial

adj.

invasion n.
sovereignty
foundation

invade v.

n.

infrastructure

Unit

n.

n.,,

()

23 0103

painful

n. = fund

adj.

be deep into
journal

capital

n.

journalism

highway

journalist

n.
n.

invest v. investment (into something)

credibility

venture investment

incredible adj.

technical journals

harbor n.
n.

n.

finance v.

turn out to be = prove to be

financial

low-level

adj.

own v.

adj.

adj.

factual error

ownership n.

accurate adj.

electronic adj.

inaccuracy n. accuracy n.

well off

reportorial skills

fool

head-scratching adj.

v.

recognize

v.

recognition
cognitive

n.
adj.

in the world = on earth


template

n. = pattern

plug v.

n.

cognitively sound

plunge v./n.

telecom

take plunge

n.

guard against

convention n.

= watch = look out

wipe out ~ poverty

conventional adj.

story line

3147

backbone n.

race n.

ready-made

gender n.

n.

illuminating adj.

narrative structure
alien

adj. ; be ~ to

alienate

v.

metropolitan
resident

enlighten v.
superficial

adj.

~ed

adj.

owing to (n.)

n.

=enlightening

= due to

hire v.

inhabitant n.

despite prep. ,,

at random

regardless of

maid n.

trade stocks

stock exchange
elite

Unit

n.

media

n.

elitism

n.

24 0104

go through

mass media

= experience = undergo

merge v. = acquire = combine

lay the roots for

merger n.

put down ones roots

= acquisition

be rooted in

M & A wave

= combination = concentration

megamerger

trace the roots of

concentration n.

trace v.

active adj.

clash v.

hyperactive adj.

world view = outlook on the world

affiliate

explosive

adj. ,

firm

n.

n.

n.

adj.

situation

the old and infirm

sponsor v.

role n. play a role

symposium

godlike role

n.

be dedicated to (n.)

take up the role as

dedicate v.

ultimate

flee

v.

flock

v.

adj.

massive adj.

get around to doing sth.

mass

mass redundancy

notice

v. = be aware of

complain (about)
about

v. =groan

adj.

mass media
mass communication
globalization n.

3147

trade and investment barriers

it occurs to somebody that

lateral move

freedom of commerce and trade

pride n.

enlarge

v.

blind pride

block v./n.

= hinder v.

operate v.

high profile

operation n.

low profile

bypass operation

in a manner

be capable of

in the manner of

capability

disgraced

n.

beneficial adj.

grace

benefit

graceful

n.

detrimental
hurt

adj.

cover

n./v.

adj.

n.
adj.

v.

downshift

v.

scanty adj.

excuse n.

fear

absolute adj.

v./n.

fearful

adj.

passionate adj.

break up =split = disintegrate

preach v.

pace n.

settle

banking industry

settle for

supervise

v.

lender n.

supervision

n.

infringement

n. , ,

v.

a bit (of )
a good deal (of)

get strict about

= advocate v.

much-publicized adj.
=

= a great deal (of)

editorship n.

violation

buildup n.

take upon onself (the role of)

doctrine n.

typical

juggle ones life

adj.

surplus n.

adj.

serve as

struggle and juggle


alternative
alternatively

Unit

25 0105

lifestyle

n.
adv.

persuade v.

n.

persuasive

adj.

quit

v.

pressured adj.

exit

n.

pressure n.

resign

v.

resignation

n.

deadline n.

strain

3147

n.

enable v.

office politics

mold v. = develop = shape

extreme

limits

v./n.

limitation

adj.

adventurous spirit

n.

n.

limited a
materialistic

adj.

Unit

voluntary

adj.

humor

volunteer

n.

ironically

adv.

joke

26 0201
n.

identify

simplify

identify with

simplicity

n.

bestselling

adj.

newsletter

n.()

irrelevant

n.

cling film
achieve

audience n.

disorganized

v. ~ment

n.

adj./n.

be equivalent to

= viewpoint = view

address v.

equivalent

v.

adj.

point of view

tip

v.

be relevant to adj.
~ books

adj.

n.

breed v. ( bred )
v.

humorous

adj.

show sb. around


accommodation n.
accommodate v.

= adapt

drop out

peaceful

adj.

drop-out

n.

arrival

n. ; /

reaction

n.

(:departure)

react to

grab

be linked to
link

n.

thrift

= relation = ties

n.

frugal
urge

= be related to

stomp v.
stamp v.

n.

n.

canteen n.
notorious adj.

organic vegetable

taste

compel

distaste

v.

compulsion

grip n.

inedible adj.

adj.
v.

v.

n.;

n.
n. =

dislike

cut in

circumstance n.

resent

v.

resentment

n.

3147

Unit

disparaging

adj.

27 0202

intellectual

adj.
n.

on safe ground

scapegoat n.

awkward

anti-intellectualism

adj.

intellect

n.

intelligent

awful

adj.

casual adj.
off-the-cuff adj.
relaxed

= natural

adj.

light-hearted
unforced

adj.

intelligence n.

native intelligence

artificial intelligence

military intelligence background

adj.

adj. forced

adj.

spy n.

v.

dawn n. = origin =beginning

in a relaxed and unforced manner

nightfall

ingenuity

n.

twist

ingenious

adj.

n./v.

quote n.
exaggeration

v.

n.

understatement

n.

devise

n.

v. , design

v./n.,

device n.

= tool

make fun of

cunning adj.

be conscious of adj.

cope with

= be aware of
entitle to

boring adj.

v.

burdensome

= dull

adj.

plain adv.

be entitled to (do) something

nasty adj.

robotics n. robot n.

privilege

confer

n.

v.

the underprivileged

conference n.

laughing stock

attendee n.

desired result

attend v. ~ to

strategy
tactics

n.
n.

marketing ~

attendance n.

attend a ~

attendant n.
have (yet) to
science fiction

3147

presence n.

immediately

absence n.

instantaneously adv.

absent adj.

adv.

existence n.

winding adj.

human labor

advance n., technological ~

hum to the rhythm


assembly

n.

advanced

adj.

automated teller terminal ,

technology

crowd n.

subway train

invention n.

tireless robo-driver
thanks to

neuro-
neural adj.

miniaturization n.

neurologist

perform/conduct a surgery

tackle v.

delicate adj.

perform

v. ~ a task

performance

intervention n.
adj.

precision n. accuracy n.

normal

adj.

physician

abnormal

utility
error

n.

n.

internal

n.

laborsaving

adj.

n.

adj.

abnormality n.

= usage

n.

common sense

Unit

dynamic

supply-cut

adj.

the quest for something


spell

v. spelt

initial

adj.

transistor
lately

n.

adv.

circuit

latest

28 0203
n.

supply v./n. demand

n./v.

in (ample) supply

n.

adj.

in (excess)demand(),()

copy v.

jump

action

n.

v.

= soar

v.

forecast

v./n. ~er = predict

take off

talented

adj.

barrel n.

a fraction of n.

triple

glimpse

double v./adj.

n.

scene n.

v./adj.

quadruple v.

3147

eightfold

adv.

-fold

adj.

occur at the background of

call up ones memory /

commodity

memorize

a sizable portion of

inflation

v.
n.

n.

index n. indices

global adj.
headlines n.
suspend v.

Unit

suspension n.,(

double effect

29 0204

northern hemisphere

supreme court

in the short term

federal court

severe

adj.

medicine n.

petrol

n.

relieve v.

retail

n.

mute adj.

retailer

n.

have a muted effect on

relief

n.

relieve somebody of
be relieved of

v. ;

= have no significant impact on

rule v. n.

pump price

constitutional right

rich economies

obligation n.

oblige

v.

be sensitive to

foresee v. = predict = forecast

swing

actor n.

n./ v. = fluctuate

v.

dose n.

conservation

n.

dosage n.

morphine adj.

conservation measures ()

medication n.

energy conservation

drug n.

fuel

shield v.

n.

energy-intensive
software
steel

v.

n.

n.

as long as

= so long as

prescribe v.
homicide n.

GDP

acknowledge

constant adj.

desperate adj.

estimate

v./n.

in despair

squeeze

v.

lose sleep over

v.

prolong v.
agony n.

volume

3147

n.

treatment

n. = remedy

undertreatment
aggressive
bold

espionage n.

n.

pastime

n.

give birth to

n.

point-and-click

adj.

influential

adj.

contest n.

medical procedure

compile v.

twin

by a large margin

adj.

take steps

= take measures

tiny adj.

huge

adj.

therapy n.

advantage

billing code

hospital based care

make a splash

well-meaning

private adj.

translate into
systematic

adj.

vacuum up = collect

adv.

far corners of the world

adj.

innocent

based in

presumptively
guilty

adj.

disadvantage ,

crisis

adj.

sign-up

n.

in effect = in practice

sign up ;(

ineffectual adj.

ineffective

sign up for its service

adj. ,()

lean staff

effective

adj.

staff n.

efficient

adj. efficiency

n.

v.
outsider status

inefficient

adj.

time-consuming and inefficient

back-and-forthing

agency n.
on the chance (that) = lest
take pride in

Unit

30 0301

spy n.
mastery
spymaster

fan n.
v.

n.
n.

remold v.

= reshapre

restore v.
revive

v.

revival

spook n.

episode n.

come to hand = available

unique adj.

n.

3147

guarantee

n. /v.

v.
go unchallenged

Unit

31 0302

challenge

n./v.

deceptive

adj.

deceive

v.

paraphrase v.

statesman

deceptive appearance

triumph

n.
n.

institution

biomedical research
rule out

n.

research ~s

=scientific ~s = scientific establishments


open to tours

thereby adv.

open adj.

target

opening n.

n. v.

adj. , , = targeted
adj.
v.

allegation

n.

n.

setting

n.

deliberately

cruel

inhumane

= hurt

adj.

boss

n.

n.

vaccine

misinformation n.
citizenry n.

v.

ember

n.

take actions

= take measures

pointless adj.

discontent with

adj. = dissatisfied

n.

ignorant

n.
n.

vaccination

adj. ,

indifference n.
n.

anxiety

n.

hi-tech means

assure v.

shame

molecular biology
shot

ignorance n.

epidemic

vicious adj.

adj. ,;;

immunization

well-known personality

precious adj.

n.

immune

recruit v.

extinguish

booth n.
brochure

v.

adj.

grandmotherly woman

adj.

uninformed adj.

adv.

harm v.
humane

adj.

n. adj.

impatient

cruelty

fur

stakeholder n.
patient

allege

n. =inject

present adj.

indifferent adj.

anxious

adj.

n. ;

feel no shame for


cure v.

n.

3147

humanist

n.

practitioner
practice

in the long run

n.

v.

option n.
optional adj.
switch to

shoulder v.
Unit

32 0303

combine with

flourish

combined with
= along with = together with= plus
heighten

v. ~ed concern /

hit

monopoly n.

monopolize v.

n.

judge

n.

v.

a round of
invest

v.

surging adj.

freight

v. fail

arbiter n.

n.

traffic

= soaring

n.

transaction n.

major rail carrier

apprehensive

allow for

reduction n.

government board

reduce v.

adj.

cost reduction

govern

coordinated service

coordination n.

ensure v.

cross-trade

fair play = fair competition.

adj.

v.

governor

n.

cross-trade coordination

Wall Street

shipper

n. ,

captive shippers
bulk n.

Unit

the bulk of

pressing

long distance

chemical

life expectancy =expectation of

n.

33 0304
adj. ;

grain n.

life

trucking n.

clinical depression

have sb. by the throat

=blues

consolidation

surgical

charge

v.

overcharge

v.

adj.

surgery n.

time-consuming adj.

surgeon n.

extreme cases

operation n.
physician

n.

3147

procedure n.

salary n.

genetically programmed

wage

the third party payer

match n.

inability

n.

n. ()

matching

adj. ~ position

be willing to

reluctant

position n.

adj.

duty n.

in a position of

get out of the way

start-up

n.

notification

living proof
humble

adj.

noble adj.
unaffordable adj.
flexibly

strike gold (
)

resume

n.

in-house adj.

adv.

extravagantly

n.

counsel

adv.

n. ;/ v.,

cautious adj.

counseling ()

through

expert

n.

drawback n.
keep abreast of
Unit

34 0401

hunt for a job

job-hunting

guide

hunt v.

n.

stumble across

attract

tempt

v.

= lure

v.

= tempt

v.

= attract = lure

distract

v.

sharp increase / decrease /

feature

n., v.(),

marketing n.
gather information

key in

n. ( )

:criterion)
location
title

arm v.

criteria

swarm n.
negotiate

v.into

v.

n.

n.

entitle
subtitle

v.
n.

Unit

35 0402

condemn

v.

negotiation

n.

3147

make it a crime = make it

set in

illegal

infant school

insidious

adj.

seat v.
short-sighted adj.

insider
form

n.
v.

n.

junior adj.
get stuck

a form of art

back row

a lawful form of expression

rarely adv. = hardly = seldom

lucky escape

thrive

v. = flourish

individual adj.

alphabet n.

humiliate

alphabetism n.

v.,

the alphabetically disadvantaged

humiliation

the disadvantaged

graduation ceremony

surname

literally

n. = family name

have an advantage over

n.

adj.;,

thumb through

have a ZZZ

directory n.

doze off

fairly

adv.

= pretty

list

n.

fairly reasonable

shortlist

evenly

adv.

top people

predecessor

n.()

interview

v.

n. (),
n.

election ballot
draw up

striking

adj.

=noteworthy

=pronounced

=obvious

draft

n./v./adj.

recipient n.

=apparent

plough v.

G7

overlook v.

central banker

character n.
coincidence n.

Japanese ~

subtle adj.

inequality n.

= unfairness

conspicuous adj. =obvious =striking

coincident adj.,

ill-treat

dream up

gain

spare time

unintentional adj.

rot

n.

v.

v.

= abuse n./v.

=benefit

intention n. = purpose

3147

intend v.

modest adj.
modesty n.
belt-tightening

Unit

36 0403

n.

hold steady

Henry M. Paulson (Henry Paulson)

range

n.

v.

( current US. Secretary of

feed v.

Treasury )

bonus n.

Ben Bernanke

current US. Federal

fed

broker

n.

frenzy

n.

Reverve Chairman US. Federal Chief

Alan Greenspan

real estate

crazy

adj.

(former US. Federal Chief )

comfortable

when it comes to

silver lining = upside

bite ones nail

adj.

n.

scratch ones head

mind v.

file

bubble n.

v.

polish

v.

softening economy
do without

middlebrow

adj.,;

influence v./n.
stock market
ingredient

affect

n. = component

diner n.

grow out of ones bad habit

department store

purchasing power

red-hot

on the horizon ,

adj.

cool v.

working folks

remedy n.

slowdown n.

v.

dealership n.
outlet

n.,;(),(
Unit

)
lag

v./n.

temper

n.

method n.

v.

= approach

37 0404

entertainer n.
entrepreneur

n. enterprise

off adv.

scholar n.

sound alarm

practical education

panic v./n.

for the sake of

n.

3147

counterbalance n.

grip n.

anything but

joyfully adv.

reject

militantly

v. =

resist

v.

grab

adv.

vulnerable to ()

hostile adj.

exploit

hostility n.

v.

exploitation

n.

eagerness

second-rate

adj.

the least

civil

adj.

civilization

n.

v.

n.

profound adj.

power and privilege

undervalue v.

prize n.

suppress

v.

religion

n.

identical

adj.

populist

n.

elitism
smell

religious adj.

supportive

adj.

adj.

oppositive

adj.

n.

be second to

elitist

n.

n. v. /

underline v.

unnatural adj.
restraint

n.

restrain

v.

Unit

constrain v.
recitation

constraint n.

n.

recite

pleasure n.

v.

pleasant n.

a bellyful of
exemplify

v.

example

reputation n. = fame
n.

slack v.

avoid

v.

innate

adj. , = inborn adj

contemplative

= escape

adj.

underlying adj.
underlying assumption /
grievance

grasp

38 0501

v.

manipulate

grieve

v.

monololy

n.

adjust
examine
ponder
theorize

v.
v.
v.
v.

theory n.

= grief

v.

study n.
suggest

n.

= inquiry =enquiry

v. = reveal =indicate

cute adj.
behavior n. = conduct
exchange
token

v. / n.

n.

slice

n.

in the grip of

adjoining adj.

joint

3147

adj.

chamber
luxury

n.
n. ()

luxurious adj.
toss

atmosphere n.

get moving to do sth.

v.

judgment

n.

quarters n. = headquarters

induce v.

fume

cooperative

insurance policy

adj.

n.

righteous adj.

takeseriously

indignation n.

press for = urge

indignant

classic adj.

adj.

abundantly

adv.

= pretty = fairly

steward

ancestor n.

preserve

jealous of

be inclined to

incentive

n.
v.

n.,

n.

instruction

n.

environmentally sound

instructive

adj.

correlation n.

temperament
generous

n.

adj.

companion

n.

company n.

accompany v.

insignificant

adj.

investigation n.

hinder v.
extensive

adj.

aid n./v.
power plants

latter

n./adj.

lobby n.

Unit

40 0503

nonsense n.

component n. =ingredient

Unit

former adj./n.

39 0502

antismoking n.

grave

n.

the least

graveyard n.

formulate

aggravate

thermostat

outcome

v.
n. , =consequence

adj.

off-line
harness v.

awaken

v.

v.

conscious adj.

wake up

unconscious adj.

enlist

depressed adj.

v.

3147

generate

v.

be occupied with

gradual

adj.

cult n.

recur v.

authentic adj.

visualize

performative adj.

visual

v.

adj.

genre

n.

uncertain n

spontaneity n.

uncertainty n.

spontaneous adj.

insecurity

artistic adj.

n.

security

n.

secure v.
nightmare

craft
a.

n.

therapist

n.

entertaining

adj.

n. therapy n.

an array of = arrays of

modify v.

document

v.

susceptible

expressive

adj.

dialect n.

rid

adj. =vulnerable

v. / n.

convey v.
chunks of
Unit

41 0504

temporary adj.

no longer

permanent

adj.

= not any longer


=no more
=not any more
command
gift

v./n.

n.

Unit

42 0601

homogenize

v., gene n.

aspire to do

uniform

degradation

discourse

v./n.

deference

n.

n.

degrade

v.

linguist

n.

controversial
controversy

adj.

upgrade

v.

adj.

dress and discourse

be absorbed into

n.

elegant
intimate

adj.
adj.

~ shops

mixed adj.

cater to

counter-culture

knowledgeable

permit

elevate

v.
adj.

n.

n.

v.

v.
adj.

permissive

adj.

elevated

permissible

adj.

elevating adj.

3147

poisonous adj.

council

forum

subsidy n.

n.

resistant

adj. ,

n.

decorate

v.

quake-resistant

record

assimilation n.

occupy v.

prior to

rocket

intermarriage
majority

n.

n.
v.

= take off= soar

lean adj.

n.

jean n.

residence n.

detach v.

bilingual

attach v.

adj.

n.

proficient
remote

adj.

adj.

Unit

44 0603

divisive

adj.

prehistoric

seethe

v.

extinct

turbulent
disturb

adj.
v.

deteriorate
exert

v.

v.

adj.

adj.

extinction n.
overfish

v.

fishery

n.

biomass

n. ()

predator n.
Unit

43 0602

branch n.
royal

vessel
school n. ,

adj.

n.

prey n.
proportion n.

superb adj.

saturate v.

play n.

bait n.

townsfolk

hook v.

live off
sight

n.

trap

be saturated with

v.

n.

baseline n.

penny n.

marine n.

sightseer

n.

detect v.

playgoer

n.

matter

sightseeing n.
frankly

adv.

cry poor

v.

maximum

n./adj.

yield n.
crop

v.

v.

outlive

Unit

v.

45 0604

weird
suit

3147

adj. = strange = odd


v.

skeptical
misery

adj.
n.

perpetual adj.
massacre n.
depict

v.

track v. = follow
in the wake of
ideology
era

n.

n.

surround v.
exhausted adj.
literacy

n.

in peril
celebrity

n.

agenda n.
bitter

adj.

illusion n.
refresh v.