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PreviousYearsGateQuestionsonCasting20072013EngineeringTutorials

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completesolutionsforalltypesofinjectionmoldingapplications

PreviousYearsGateQuestionsonCasting20072013
July24,2015
ByAmitThakur

SolvedGateQuestionsonCasting
Question1.A200mmlongdownspruehasanareaofcrosssectionof650
wherethepouringbasinmeetsthedownsprue(i.e.at
thebeginningofthedownsprue).Aconstantheadofmoltenmetalismaintainedbythepouringbasin.Themoltenmetalflowrateis6.5
.Consideringtheendofthedownspruetobeopentoatmosphereandanaccelerationduetogravityof
ofthedownspruein

,thearea

atitsend(avoidingaspirationeffect)shouldbe

(A)650.0

SynventiveHotRunner
completesolutionsforalltypesofinjectionmoldingapplications

(B)350.0
(C)290.7
(D)190.0
GATEME2007
Hint

Hint1.(AnsC)

Here,flowrate

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Atdown,

Question2.Volumeofacubeofsidelandvolumeofasphereofradiusrareequal.Boththecubeandthespherearesolidandof
samematerial.Theyarebigcast.Theratioofthesolidificationtimeofthecubetothesameofthesphereis
(A)

(B)
(C)

(D)
GATEME2007
Hint

Hint2.(AnsD)

Solidificationtime

Requiredratio

Question3.Whichofthefollowingengineeringmaterialsisthemostsuitablematerialforthechamberdiecasting?
(A)Lowcarbonsteel
(B)Titanium
(C)Copper
(D)Tin
GATEME2007
Hint

Hint3.(AnsB)
Forhotchamberdiecasting,titaniumisused.

Question4.Whilecooling,acubicalcastingofside40mmundergoes3%,4%and5%volumeshrinkageduringtheliquidstate,phase
transitionandsolidstate,respectively.Thevolumeofthemetalcompensatedfromtheriseris
(A)2%
(B)7%
(C)8%
(D)9%
GATEME2008
Hint

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Hint4.(AnsB)
Therisercancompensateforvolumeshrinkageonlyintheliquidstageandtransitionstageandnotinthesolidstate.
Hencevolumeofmetalthatneedstobecompensatedfromtheriser=3+4=7%

Question5.MatchtheitemsinColumnIandColumnII.
ColumnI
P.MetallicChills
Q.MetallicChaplets
R.Riser
S.ExothermicPadding

ColumnII
1.Supportforthecore
2.Reservoirforthecore
3.Controlcoolingofcriticalsections
4.Progressivesolidification

(A)P1Q3R2S4
(B)P1Q4R2S3
(C)P3Q4R2S1
(D)P4Q1R2S3
GATEME2009
Hint

Hint5.(AnsD)

Question6.Twostreamsofliquidmetalwhicharenothotenoughtofuseproperlyresultintoacastingdefectknownas
(A)Coldshut
(B)Swell
(C)Sandwash
(D)Scab
GATEME2009
Hint

Hint6.(AnsA)

Question7.Ingatingsystem,theratio1:2:4reprsents
(A)Spruebasearea:runnerarea:ingatearea
(B)Pouringbasinarea:ingatearea:runnerarea
(C)Pouringbasinarea:ingatearea:Castingarea
(D)Runnerarea:ingatearea:Castingarea
GATEME2010
Hint

Hint7.(AnsA)

Question8.Acubiccastingof50mmsideundergoesvolumetricsolidificationshrinkageandvolumetricsolidcontractionof4%and6%
respectively.Noriserisused.Assumeduniformcoolinginalldirections.Thesideofthecubeaftersolidificationandcontractionis
(A)48.32mm
(B)49.90mm
(C)49.94mm
(D)49.96mm
GATEME2011
Hint

Hint8.(AnsA)
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Volumeofcubeaftersolidificationandcontraction

Question9.Greensandmouldindicatesthat
(A)Polymericmouldhasbeencured
(B)Mouldhasbeentotallydried
(C)Mouldisgreenincolour
(D)Mouldcontainsmoisture
GATEME2011
Hint

Hint9.(AnsD)
Greensandmouldindicatesthatmouldisnotbakedordried.i.e.,itcontainsmoisture.

Question10.Acubeshapedcastingsolidifiesin5min.Thesolidificationtimeinminforacubeofthesamematerial,whichis8times
heavierthantheoriginalcasting,willbe
(A)10
(B)20
(C)24
(D)40
GATEME2013
Hint

Hint10.(AnsB)

Weightis8timesheavier

Cubeofsidea
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AnswerKeys

AnswerKeys
1.(C)2.(D)3.(B)4.(B)5.(D)6.(A)7.(A)8.(A)9.(D)10.(B)
LastUpdated:Friday,July24,2015
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