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CHE464: Separation Processes

n-Pentane/n-Heptane
1
0.9
0.8
y (n-pentane)

0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

0.7

0.8

0.9

x (n-pentane)

1
0.9
0.8
y (n-pentane)

0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

x (n-pentane)

CHE464: Separation Processes

Ethanol/Water [mole fraction]

0.9
0.8

y(ethanol)

0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1

0
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

x(ethanol)

1
0.9
0.8

y(ethanol)

0.7

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5
x(ethanol)

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

CHE464: Separation Processes

Benzene/Toluene

1.00
0.90
0.80
0.70

yA

0.60
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
0.00

0.10

0.20

0.30

0.40

0.50

0.60

0.70

0.80

0.90

1.00

0.60

0.70

0.80

0.90

1.00

xA

1.00
0.90
0.80
0.70

yA

0.60
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
0.00

0.10

0.20

0.30

0.40

0.50
xA

CHE464: Separation Processes

Methanol/Water

1
0.9
0.8
0.7

yA

0.6
0.5
0.4

0.3
0.2

0.1
0
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

0.6

0.8

xA

1
0.9
0.8
0.7

yA

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

0.2

0.4

xA

CHE464: Separation Processes

Enthalpy-Concentration of Ethanol-water system (mass fraction vs. enthalpy)


3500
HL
3000
Hv

2500
2000

Enthalpy kJ/kg

1500
1000
500
0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

-500
-1000
-1500
-2000

-2500
-3000
-3500
-4000
-4500
-5000

x or y

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

CHE464: Separation Processes

x-y diagram ethanol (A)-Water (B) [mass fraction]

1
0.9
0.8
0.7

yA

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5
xA

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

CHE464: Separation Processes

DePriester Chart

CHE464: Separation Processes

Equilibrium data (tie lines) of Acetic acid-water-isopropyl ether system

AA
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.06
0.13
0.26
0.37
0.44
0.47

Water layer
W
0.99
0.98
0.97
0.96
0.92
0.84
0.71
0.59
0.45
0.37

ether
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.11
0.17

AA
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.02
0.05
0.11
0.22
0.31
0.36

Ether layer
W
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.04
0.07
0.11
0.15

ether
0.99
0.99
0.99
0.98
0.97
0.93
0.85
0.72
0.58
0.49

Acetic acid (A) -water (B)-isopropyl ether (C)


1.00
0.90
0.80
0.70
xc, yc

0.60
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
0.00

0.10

0.20

0.30

0.40

0.50
xA , yA

0.60

0.70

0.80

0.90

1.00

CHE464: Separation Processes

Acetic acid-water-isopropyl ether system

AA
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.06
0.13
0.26
0.37
0.44
0.47

Water layer
W
0.99
0.98
0.97
0.96
0.92
0.84
0.71
0.59
0.45
0.37

0.00

0.10

ether
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.11
0.17

AA
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.02
0.05
0.11
0.22
0.31
0.36

Ether layer
W
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.04
0.07
0.11
0.15

0.60

0.70

ether
0.99
0.99
0.99
0.98
0.97
0.93
0.85
0.72
0.58
0.49

1.00
0.90
0.80
0.70
xc, yc

0.60
0.50
0.40
0.30
0.20
0.10
0.00
0.20

0.30

0.40

0.50
xA , yA

0.80

0.90

1.00

CHE464: Separation Processes

Equilibrium Data of Pyridine-water-benzene System


Water layer
Pyridine wt%
Benzene wt%
1.17
0
3.55
0
7.39
0
13.46
0.15
22.78
0.25
32.15
0.44
42.47
2.38
48.87
3.99
49.82
4.28
56.05
19.56

Benzene layer
Pyridine wt%
Benzene wt%
3.28
94.54
9.75
87.46
18.35
79.49
26.99
71.31
31.42
66.46
34.32
64.48
36.85
59.35
39.45
56.43
39.27
55.72
48.39
40.05

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
xc, yc

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-0.1

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.3
xA, yA

10

0.4

0.5

0.6

CHE464: Separation Processes

Acetone-Water-Trichloroethane
0.25

y(acetone)

0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0
0.000

0.020

0.040

0.060

0.080

0.100

0.120

0.140

0.100

0.120

0.140

x (acetone)

0.25

y(acetone)

0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0
0.000

0.020

0.040

0.060

0.080

x (acetone)

11

CHE464: Separation Processes

-0.4

12

-0.3

-0.2

3.0
2.8
2.6
2.4
2.2
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0
-0.1-0.2 0
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
-1.2
-1.4
-1.6
-1.8
-2.0
-2.2
-2.4
-2.6
-2.8
-3.0
-3.2
-3.4
-3.6
-3.8
-4.0
-4.2
-4.4
-4.6
-4.8
-5.0
-5.2
-5.4
-5.6
-5.8
-6.0
-6.2
-6.4
-6.6
-6.8
-7.0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

CHE464: Separation Processes

13