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MANOJ CHAUHAN SIR(IIT-DELHI)


EX. SR. FACULTY (BANSAL CLASSES)

EXERCISE-III
Q.1 (a) If the integers m and n are chosen at random from 1 to 100, then the probability that a number of the
form 7m + 7n is divisible by 5 equals
1
1
1
1
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
4
7
8
49
(b) Two probability that a student passes in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry are m, p and c respectively.
Of these subjects, the student has a 75% chance of passing in at least one, a 50% chance of passing in
at least two, and a 40% chance of passing in exactly two, which of the following relations are true ?
19
27
1
1
(A) p + m + c =
(B) p + m + c =
(C) pmc =
(D) pmc =
20
20
10
4
(c) Eight players P1, P2, P3,........,P8 play a knock-out tournament. It is known that whenever the players
Pi and Pj play, the player Pi will win if i < j. Assuming that the players are paired at random in each
round, what is the probability that the player P4 reaches the final
[JEE '99, 2+3+10(out of 200)]
Q. 2

Four cards are drawn from a pack of 52 playing cards. Find the probability of drawing exactly one pair.
[REE '99, 6]

Q.3

A coin has probability ' p ' of showing head when tossed. It is tossed 'n' times. Let pn denote the
probability that no two (or more) consecutive heads occur. Prove that,
p1 = 1 , p2 = 1 p2 & pn = (1 p) pn 1 + p (1 p) pn 2 , for all n 3.
[ JEE ' 2000 (Mains), 5 ]

Q.4

A and B are two independent events. The probability that both occur simultaneously is 1/6 and the
probability that neither occurs is 1/3. Find the probabilities of occurance of the events A and B separately.
[ REE ' 2000 (Mains), 3]

Q.5

Two cards are drawn at random from a pack of playing cards. Find the probability that one card is a
heart and the other is an ace.
[ REE ' 2001 (Mains), 3 ]

Q.6(a) An urn contains 'm' white and 'n' black balls. A ball is drawn at random and is put back into the urn along
with K additional balls of the same colour as that of the ball drawn. A ball is again drawn at random.
What is the probability that the ball drawn now is white.
(b) An unbiased die, with faces numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 is thrown n times and the list of n numbers showing
up is noted. What is the probability that among the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, only three numbers appear
in the list.
[JEE ' 2001 (Mains), 5 + 5 ]
Q.7

A box contains N coins, m of which are fair and the rest are biased. The probability of getting a head
when a fair coin is tossed is 1/2, while it is 2/3 when a biased coin is tossed. A coin is drawn from the box
at random and is tossed twice. The first time it shows head and the second time it shows tail. What is the
probability that the coin drawn is fair?
[ JEE ' 2002 (mains)]

Q.8(a) A person takes three tests in succession. The probability of his passing the first test is p, that of his passing
each successive test is p or p/2 according as he passes or fails in the preceding one. He gets selected
provided he passes at least two tests. Determine the probability that the person is selected.

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(b) In a combat, A targets B, and both B and C target A. The probabilities of A, B, C hitting their targets
are 2/3 , 1/2 and 1/3 respectively. They shoot simultaneously and A is hit. Find the probability that B hits
his target whereas C does not.
[JEE' 2003, Mains-2 + 2 out of 60]
Q.9(a) Three distinct numbers are selected from first 100 natural numbers. The probability that all the three
numbers are divisible by 2 and 3 is
(A)

4
25

(B)

4
35

(C)

4
55

(D)

4
1155

(b) If A and B are independent events, prove that P (A B) P (A' B') P (C), where C is an event
defined that exactly one of A or B occurs.
(c) A bag contains 12 red balls and 6 white balls. Six balls are drawn one by one without replacement of
which atleast 4 balls are white. Find the probability that in the next two draws exactly one white ball is
drawn (leave the answer in terms of nCr).
[JEE 2004, 3 + 2 + 4]
Q.10(a) A six faced fair dice is thrown until 1 comes, then the probability that 1 comes in even number of trials is
(A) 5/11
(B) 5/6
(C) 6/11
(D) 1/6
[JEE 2005 (Scr)]
1 3 2
1
(b) A person goes to office either by car, scooter, bus or train probability of which being , , and
7 7 7
7
2 1 4
1
respectively. Probability that he reaches office late, if he takes car, scooter, bus or train is , , and
9 9 9
9
respectively. Given that he reached office in time, then what is the probability that he travelled by a car.
[JEE 2005 (Mains), 2]
Comprehension (3 questions)
There are n urns each containing n + 1 balls such that the ith urn contains i white balls and (n + 1 i) red
balls. Let ui be the event of selecting ith urn, i = 1, 2, 3, ......, n and w denotes the event of getting a white
ball.
Q.11(a) If P(ui) i where i = 1, 2, 3,....., n then Lim P( w ) is equal to
n

(A) 1

(B) 2/3

(C) 3/4

(D) 1/4

(b) If P(ui) = c, where c is a constant then P(un/w) is equal to


(A)

2
n 1

(B)

1
n 1

(C)

n
n 1

(D)

1
2

(c) If n is even and E denotes the event of choosing even numbered urn ( P(u i )

1
), then the value of
n

Pw E , is
(A)

n2
2n 1

(B)

n2
2n 1

(C)

n
n 1

1
n 1
[JEE 2006, 5 marks each]

(D)

Q.12(a) One Indian and four American men and their wives are to be seated randomly around a circular table.
Then the conditional probability that the Indian man is seated adjacent to his wife given that each American
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man is seated adjacent to his wife is


(A) 1/2
(B) 1/3

(C) 2/5

(D) 1/5

(b) Let Ec denote the complement of an event E. Let E, F, G be pairwise independent events with P(G) > 0
and P(E F G) = 0. Then P(Ec Fc | G) equals
(A) P(Ec) + P(Fc)
(B) P(Ec) P(Fc)
(C) P(Ec) P(F)
(D) P(E) P(Fc)
(c) Let H1, H2, ....... , Hn be mutually exclusive and exhaustive events with P(Hi) > 0, i = 1, 2, ...., n. Let E
be any other event with 0 < P(E) < 1.
Statement-1: P(Hi / E) > P(E / Hi) P(Hi) for i = 1, 2, ....., n.
because
n

Statement-2:

P(H i ) = 1
i 1

(A) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true; statement-2 is a correct explanation for statement-1.
(B) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true; statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for statement-1.
(C) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is false.
(D) Statement-1 is false, statement-2 is true.
[JEE 2007, 3+3+3]
Q.13(a) An experiment has 10 equally likely outcomes. Let A and B be two non-empty events of the experiment.
If A consists of 4 outcomes, the number of outcomes that B must have so that A and B are independent,
is
(A) 2, 4 or 8
(B) 3, 6, or 9
(C) 4 or 8
(D) 5 or 10
(b)

Consider the system of equations


ax + by = 0, cx + dy = 0, where a, b, c, d {0, 1}.
STATEMENT-1 : The probability that the system of equations has a unique solution is

3
.
8

and
STATEMENT-2 : The probability that the system of equations has a solution is 1.
(A) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True ; statement-2 is a correct explanation for statement-1
(B) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is True ; statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for statement-1
(C) Statement-1 is True, Statement-2 is False
(D) Statement-1 is False, Statement-2 is True
[JEE 2008, 3+3]

14.

Paragraph for Question Nos. 14 to 16


[JEE 2009]
A fair die is tossed repeatedly until a six is obtained. Let X denote the number of tosses required.
The probability that x = 3 equals
25
25
(B)
216
36
The probability that X 3 equals

(A)
15.

5
36

125
25
5
(B)
(C)
216
36
36
The conditional probability that X 6 given X > 3 equals

(A)
16.

(C)

(D)

125
216

(D)

5
216

125
25
5
25
(B)
(C)
(D)
216
216
36
36
Let be a complex cube root of unity with 1. A fair die is thrown three times. If r1, r2 and r3 are
the numbers obtained on the die, then the probability that r1 r2 r3 0 is

(A)
17.

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(A)

18.

1
18

(B)

1
9

(C)

2
9

(D)

1
36

[JEE 2010]

4
1
and respectively, is received by stations A and
5
5
then transmitted to station B. The probability of each station receiving the signal correctly is 3/4. If the
signal received at station B is green, then the probability that the original signal was green is
3
6
20
9
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
[JEE 2010]
5
7
23
20

A signal which can be green or red with probability

Paragraph for Question nos. 19 to 20


Let U1 and U2 be two urns such that U1 contains 3 white and 2 red balls, and U2 contains only 1 white
ball. A fair coin is tossed. If head appears then 1 ball is drawn at random from U1 and put into U2.
However, if tail appears then 2 balls are drawn at random from U1 and put into U2. Now 1 ball is drawn
at random from U2.
19.

The probability of the drawn ball from U2 being white is


13
23
19
(A)
(B)
(C)
30
30
30

(D)

11
30

20.

Given that the drawn ball from U2 is white, the probability that head appeared on the coin is
17
11
15
12
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
23
23
23
23

21.

Let E and F be two independent events. The probability that exactly one of them occurs is
probability of none of them occuring is

2
. If P(T) denotes the probability of occurrence of the event
25

T, then
4
, P(F) =
5
2
(C) P(E) = , P(F) =
5

(A) P(E) =

22.

11
and the
25

[JEE 2011]
3
5
1
5

1
, P(F) =
5
3
(D) P(E) = , P(F) =
5

(B) P(E) =

2
5
4
5

A ship is fitted with three engines E1, E2 and E3. The engines function independently of each other with
1 1
1
respective probability , and . For the ship to be operational at least two of its engines must
2 4
4
function. Let X denote the event that the ship is operational and let X1, X2 and X3 denote respectively
the events that the engines E1, E2 and E3 are functioning. Which of the following is (are) true ?
3
7
(A) P x1c | X
(B) P (Exactly two engines of the ship are functioning |X) =
16
8
5
7
(C) P X | X 2
(D) P X | X1
[JEE 2012]
16
16

23.

Four fair disc D1, D2 D3 and D4 each having six faces numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, are rolled
simultaneously. The probability that D4 shows a number appearing on D1, D2 and D3 is :
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(A)

24.

91
216

(B)

108
216

(C)

Let X and Y be two events such that P(X|Y) =

125
216

(D)

127
216

1
1
1
, P(Y|X) = and P(X Y) . Which of the
2
3
6

following is (are) correct ?


(A) P(X Y)

2
3

(C) x and Y are not independent

[JEE 2012]

[JEE 2012]
(B) X and Y are independent
(D) P(X C Y)

1
3

25.

A multiple choice examination has 5 questions. Each question has three alternative answers of which
exactly one is correct. The probability that a student will get 4 or more correct answers just by guessing
is :
[IIT JEE Mains 2013]
10
17
13
11
(A) 5
(B) 5
(C) 5
(D) 5
3
3
3
3

26.

Four persons independently solve a certain problem correctly with probabilities

1 3 1 1
, , , . Then the
2 4 4 8
probability that the problem is solved correctly by at least one of them is :
[JEE 2013]
235
21
3
253
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
256
256
256
256

Comprehension (Q. 27 to Q. 28)


[JEE 2013]
A box B1 contains 1 white ball, 3 red balls and 2 black balls. Another box B2 contains 2 white balls, 3
red ball and 4 black balls. A third box B3 contains 3 white balls, 4 red balls and 5 black balls.
27.

If 2 balls are drawn (without replacement) from a randomly selected box and one of the balls is white
and the other ball is red, the probability that these 2 balls are drawn from box B2 is
116
126
65
55
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
181
181
181
181

28.

If 1 ball is drawn from each of the boxes B1, B2 and B3, the probability that all 3 drawn balls are of the
same colour is
82
90
558
566
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
648
648
648
648

29.

Of the three independent events E1, E2 and E3, the probability that only E1 occurs is only E2 occurs
is and only E3 occurs is Let the probability p that none of E1, E2 or E3 occurs satisfy the equations
( 2) p and ( 3 ) p 2 . All the given probabilities are assumed to lie in the interval (0, 1)
Then,

30.

Pr obability of occurrenceof E1
=
Pr obability of occurrence of E 3

[JEE 2013]

1
1
1
Let A and B be two events such that P(A B) , P(A B) and P(A) , where A stands
4
6
4
for the complement of the event A. Then the events A and B are
[IIT JEE Main 2014]
(A) Independent and equally likely.
(B) Mutually exclusive and independent.
(C) Equally likely but not independent.
(D) Independent but not equally likely.
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31.

Three boys and two girls stand in a queue. The probability, that the number of boys ahead of every
girl is at least one more than the number of girls ahead of her, is :
[IIT JEE Advance 2014]
1
1
2
3
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
2
3
3
4

Comprehension (Q. 32 to Q. 33)


[IIT JEE Advance 2014]
Box 1 contains three cards bearing 1, 2, 3 ; box 2 contains five cards bearing numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5;
and box 3 contains seven cards bearing numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. A card is drawn from each of the
boxes. Let x1 be the number on the card drawn from the ith box, i = 1, 2, 3.
32.

33.

The probability that x1 + x2 + x3 is odd, is :


29
53
(A)
(B)
105
105

(C)

57
105

The probability that x1, x2, x3 are in an arithmetic progression, is :


9
10
11
(A)
(B)
(C)
105
105
105

(D)

1
2

(D)

7
105

ANSWER KEY
1.
5.
7.

(a) A (b) B, C (c) 4/35


1
26
9m
m 8N

1 1
1 1
& or &
2 3
3 2
6
n
n
C3 3 3.2 3

2.

0.304

6.

(a)

8.

(a) p 2 (2 p); (b) 1/2

m
; (b)
mn

6n

12

9.
11.
13.
16.
19.
22.
25.
28.
31.

C 2 6C 410 C12C1 12 C16 C511C11C1


(a) D, (c) 12 C 12 C 6C 12 C 6C 12 C 6 C
10.
(a) A,
2
2
4
1
5
0
6
(a) B, (b) A, (c) B
12.
(a) C; (b) C; (c) D
(a) D, (b) B
14.
A
D
17.
C
B
20.
D
B, D
23.
A
D
26.
A
A
29.
6
A
32.
B

4.

(b)

1
7

15.
18.
21.
24.
27.
30.
Q.33

B
C
A, D
A, B
D
D
C

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