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TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

BEAM NO.

B1

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

BEAM GEOMETRY :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

MATERIAL PROPERTIES :

Depth of beam
Width of beam

D =
B =
Cc =

Clear cover to reinf.


(Both top & bottom)
Side Cover to reinf.

Cs =

900
450

mm
mm

Yield strength of reinforcement


Compressive strength of concrete

fy
fc

50

mm

Modulus of elasticity of reinforcement


Modulus of elasticity of concrete

Es

50

mm

Ec

=
414
=
25
= 2.E+05
= 2.85E+04

ec

0.003

Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
Mpa

- ACI 318-11, 8.5.2


- ACI 318-11, 8.5.1

(Ec= 5700 x F'c )

Ultimate design strain

- ACI 318-11, 10.2.3

STRENGTH REDUCTION FACTOR :


Shear friction coefficient

for shear
for tension

bars are indicative in fig.

=
=

0.75
0.90

- ACI 318-11, 11.2.1.1

- ACI 318-11, 9.3.2


- ACI 318-11, 9.3.2

C/S of beam*

DESIGN (Left end )

Staad results for left end


Left Beam L/C Node
Max Fx 3618 242
Min Fx 3572 242
Max Fy 113 214
Min Fy

3323 214

DESIGN (Mid span/Bottom Steel)

Fy kN Mz kNm My kNm Mx kNm

3053
3009
79

-231.92 136.43
-208.95 24.148
424.17 674.43

-1.47
-1.36
15.26

86.2
-127.6
147.7

79

DESIGN (Right end )

Staad results for mid span


Mid
Beam L/C Node

Fy kN Mz kNm My kNm Mx kNm

Staad results for right end


Right Beam L/C Node

Max Fx 3618 242


Min Fx 3572 242
Max Fy 113 214

3053
3009
79

-231.9 136.4
-208.9 24.1
424.2 674.4

-1.5
-1.4
15.3

86.17
-127.61
147.67

Max Fx 3618 242


Min Fx 3572 242
Max Fy 113 214

79

3323 214

-231.92 136.43 -1.47 86.2


-208.95 24.148 -1.36 -127.6
424.17 674.43 15.26 147.7

79

-572.29 745.98 14.32 -174.0

-572.29 745.98

14.32

-174.0

Min Fy

-572.3 746.0

14.3

-173.98

Min Fy

Max Fz 3323 243


Min Fz 113 243
Max Mx 3122 243
Min Mx 3323 242

2781
79
65
79

-460.92
347.133
-492.82
-505.57

3.70
25.35
-5.56
4.08

-66.0
92.4
214.2
-220.6

Max Fz 3323 243


Min Fz 113 243
Max Mx 3122 243
Min Mx 3323 242

2781
79
65
79

-460.9
347.1
-492.8
-505.6

393.7
563.3
634.0
657.6

3.7
25.3
-5.6
4.1

-65.98
92.37
214.20
-220.61

Max Fz 3323 243


Min Fz 113 243
Max Mx 3122 243
Min Mx 3323 242

2781
79
65
79

-460.92
347.133
-492.82
-505.57

Max My 113 243


Min My 3122 242
Max Mz 3323 209
Min Mz 3227 214

79
65
79
2693

347.133 563.27 25.35


-457.32 601.65 -24.98
-568.46 747.54 18.24
-9.623 -633
-0.51

92.4
76.6
-186.3
45.3

Max My 113 243


Min My 3122 242
Max Mz 3323 209
Min Mz 3227 214

79
65
79
2693

347.1
-457.3
-568.5
-9.6

563.3
601.6
747.5
-633.0

25.3 92.37
-25.0 76.62
18.2 -186.30
-0.5 45.271

Max My 113 243


Min My 3122 242
Max Mz 3323 209
Min Mz 3227 214

79
65
79
2693

347.133 563.27 25.35 92.4


-457.32 601.65 -24.98 76.6
-568.46 747.54 18.24 -186.3
-9.623 -633 -0.51 45.3

393.68
563.27
633.97
657.57

3323 214

Fy kN Mz kNmMy kNmMx kNm

3053
3009
79

393.68 3.70 -66.0


563.27 25.35 92.4
633.97 -5.56 214.2
657.57 4.08 -220.6

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

Ultimate forces

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Ultimate
forces

Load
case

Ultimate forces

343

#N/A

Fy (Shear force)

#N/A

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

= 375.00 kNm

214

Fy (Shear force)

214

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

Ultimate
forces

Load
case

211

kN

#N/A

39.00

kNm

#N/A

=
=

My (Moment @ minor axix)

kNm

#N/A

My (Moment @ minor axix)

kNm

214

My (Moment @ minor axix)

kNm

#N/A

Mx (torsional moments)

92.0

kNm

#N/A

Mx (torsional moments)

93.0

kNm

214

Mx (torsional moments)

128.0

kNm

#N/A

Reinforcement for
flexure + Torsion

Bottom full

Top full

No. of bars

Left extra

Stirrups
Side face reinf.

No. of bars

Y25 Y0
Y0
2L Y 12 @ 125 mm c/c
3 Nos. Y 16 On each face

Bar dia.

kN

Ultimate forces

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

403.00 kNm

396

Load
case

Fy (Shear force)

Reinforcement for flexure


+ Torsion

kN

Ultimate
forces

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

Stirrups
Side face reinf.

CHECKS FOR LEFT END

Top full

No. of bars

Y25 Y0
Y0
2L Y 12 @ 125 mm c/c
3 Nos. Y 16 On each face

Bar dia.

Reinforcement for
flexure + Torsion

Bottom extra

Right extra

Y25
Y0
2L Y 12 @ 125 mm c/c
3 Nos. Y 16 On each face

Bar dia.
Stirrups
Side face reinf.

CHECKS FOR MID SPAN

CHECK FOR RIGHT END

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Nominal moment capasity of section

Nominal moment capasity of section

Nominal moment capasity of section

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

Shear capasity

O.K.
O.K.

a. *Vn > Vu_act


b. Vs > (Vu_act-Vc)
5

Check for spacing

Torsional steel required

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.


Req.

1794

mm2

< prov.

Side face reinforcement

1963

Shear capasity

a. *Vn < Vu_act


b. Vs < (Vu_act-Vc)

O.K.

Check for spacing

Design for torsion

Torsional steel required

O.K.

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.


Req.

mm2

O.K.

1700

mm2

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
Design for torsion
O.K.

O.K.

Check for spacing

Torsional steel required

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.


Req.

O.K.

O.K.
O.K.

b. Vs < (Vu_act-Vc)

< prov. 1963

Side face reinforcement

Shear capasity

a. *Vn > Vu_act

678

mm2

< prov.

Side face reinforcement

Design for torsion


O.K.

1963

O.K.

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

BEAM SCHEDULE
Beam size
Beam
No. Width Depth

B1

450

900

Bottom reinforcement
Full

Top reinforcement

Curtail

4 Y-25 + 0 Y- 0

Effective cover to reinforcement

d' =

87.0

Stirrups

Full

Curtail left

Curtail right

Nominal (ST)

Shear link (ST1)

Shear link (ST1)

4 Y-25

0 Y-0

0 Y-0

2L- Y12-125

2L- Y12-125

2L- Y12-125

mm

d' =

dt =

Remarks

3- Y16 as SRF
On Each Face

mm

d' =

87.00 mm

813.00 mm

dt =

813.00 mm

87.0

d' = Cc + Dstir + (Dlong/2)


Depth from the extreme compression fiber,
to the center of reinf. in the tensile zone,

dt =

813.00 mm

Factor of depth of comp.stress block

1 =

0.85

if 2500<Fc<4000, 1=0.85
if Fc>4000, 1 shall reduce linearly at rate

(ACI 318-11,Cl.10.2.7.3)

0.05 for 1000 psi but 1>0.65


Capacity of concrete in compression, C = 0.85 x Fc x b x ax
C=

(ACI 318-11,CL 10.2.7.1)

Strength of steel in tension T = As*Fs

9.56 x ax

T =

kN
812.89 kN

From the rules of equilibrium, C=T


Depth of Equivlalent Rectangular stress block,

ax=

T = 812.89 kN

c = 0.003

85.01 mm

T = 812.89 kN

ax =

85.01 mm

c =

100.01 mm

C
ax = 85.01 mm

(ACI 318-11,CL 10.2.7.1)

Depth to the neutral axis, c =

ax / 1

dt

c = 100.01 mm

c = 100.01 mm

dt
Strain in steel , t=dt*c/c-c
(ACI 318-11,CL 10.3.3 & similar triangles)

t=

0.0214

Strain at which steel yields

y=

0.0021

E = Fs/y

t=

0.0214

y=

0.0021

t=

0.0214

y=

0.0021

R 10.3.3 : Strain destribution

Stress Diagram

& net tensile strain

Since,t > y, steel yields and stress


in the steel taken as 414 Mpa at failure,
0.021

> 0.0021

0.021

> 0.0021

0.021

> 0.0021

DOC. TITLE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

PAGE

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

Since, t =

0.021

Doc. No. :

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

DOC. TITLE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

PAGE

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR MINIMUM TENSION REINFORCEMENT


Left support

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.76

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

= 1100.7

<

mm2

As provided=

1.95

<

in2

1218.6 mm2

As = 1963.4 mm2

Mid span

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.76

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

= 1100.7

<

mm2

As provided=

1.95

<

in2

1218.6 mm2

As = 1963.4 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1963.4 > 1218.6 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1963.4 > 1218.6 mm2

So,Provided steel is adequate.

So,Provided steel is adequate.

Right support

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.76

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

= 1100.7

<

mm2

1.95

in2

<

1218.6 mm2

As =

1963.4 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1963.4 >

1218.6 mm2

As provided=

So,Provided steel is adequate.

NOMINAL MOMENT CAPACITY


Left support

Mid span

Right support

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

Mnc =

Mnc =

Mnc =

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


4.48E+08 = As x
As =

1403.8

As provided=
Hence,

Safe

318985.39
mm2
As = 1963.5 mm2

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


4.17E+08 = As x
As =

1306.22 mm2

As provided=
Hence,

318985.39

Safe

As = 1963.4 mm2

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


4.33E+07 = As x
As =

135.85

As provided=
Hence,

Safe

318985.39
mm2
As =

1963.4 mm2

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR MOMENT CAPACITY (refer stress diagram)


Left support

Mid span

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)
Mnt= C x (d-ax/2) , where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax
=

656.94

Mu2 =

Mnt= C x (d-ax/2) , where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax


=

kN.m

591.24

Hence,

>

403.00

As,

kNm

kN.m

591.24

>

kN.m

*Mnt

= 591.24

375.00

As,

kNm

Safe

Hence,

656.94

Mu2 =
kN.m

, where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax

5813616.49 lb-in

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e

Safe

Mnt= C x (d-ax/2)
=

*Mnt

= 591.24

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e

656.94

Mu2 =
kN.m

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)

5813616.49 lb-in

*Mnt

= 591.24
As,

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)

5813616.49 lb-in

Right support

kN.m

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e

591.24

Hence,

>

39.00

kNm

Safe

CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY


Left support
Vn=Vc+Vs

Mid span

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

Vn=Vc+Vs

Right support

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

Vn=Vc+Vs

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups

where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups

where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups

Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
=
=

5853.60
25.76

lb
kN

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
=
97046.40
=
427.00

lb
kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
=
=

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

5853.60
25.76

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
= 112946.40
=
496.96

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

lb
kN

=
=
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

lb
kN

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
5853.60
25.76

lb
kN

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
=
57446.40
=
252.76

lb
kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,

Av is the area of shear reinforcement


s is the spacing

Av is the area of shear reinforcement


s is the spacing

Av is the area of shear reinforcement


s is the spacing

No. of legs =

No. of legs =

No. of legs =

Av=

226.19

2
mm2

s=

178.3

mm

Av=

226.19

2
mm2

s=

153.20

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)

s =

s = 25.06

25.06

in

636.56

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw


s =

mm
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

23.39 in = 594.12 mm

in

636.56

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw


s =

mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

Av=

226.19

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

23.39 in = 594.12 mm

mm2

s=

in

636.56

s =

23.39 in = 594.12

so provide spacing s

= 125 mm

so provide spacing s

= 125 mm

shear strength

= 609 kN

shear strength

= 609 kN

shear strength

= 609 kN

*Vn = (Vc+Vs) =
As,
i.e

476.12

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

*Vn > Vu_act


476.1

>

*Vn = (Vc+Vs)
As,

343.0 kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

i.e

Shear capacity is ok

476.12

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

*Vn > Vu_act


476.1

>

*Vn = (Vc+Vs)
As,

396.00

Vs

i.e

Shear capacity is ok

476.12

476.1

>

211.00 kN

Shear capacity is ok

456.80

kN

Vs =

456.80

kN

Vs =

456.80

kN

Vu_act-Vc=

323.68

kN

Vu_act-Vc=

376.68

kN

Vu_act-Vc=

191.68

kN

i.e

Vs > Vu_act-Vc
456.80 >

323.68

O.K

As,
kN

i.e

Vs > Vu_act-Vc
456.80 >

376.68

O.K

As,
kN

i.e

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

*Vn > Vu_act

Vs =

As,

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

mm

= 125 mm

Vs

mm

mm

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw

so provide spacing s
Vs

301.20

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

s = 25.06

mm

Vs > Vu_act-Vc
456.80 >

191.68

O.K

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR SPACING


Left support
Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

Mid span
406.50 mm

= 600.00 mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d, max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2


Vs =

427.00

kN

= d/2 or

Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

= 600 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

407

Provided spacing,

406.50
125.00

Vs =

496.96

kN

= d/2 or

Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

= 600 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

407

mm

Required spacing =

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3

Hence,

Provided spacing,

spacing provided is ok

406.50
125.00

406.50 mm = d/2 or
= 600.00 mm = 600 mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d,max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2


Vs =

4*Fc*b*d = 140989.2 lb
= 620.35 kN
Since, 496.96 KN < 620.35 kN

mm

mm

406.50 mm
= 600.00 mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d,max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3

4*Fc*b*d = 140989.2 lb
= 620.35 kN
Since, 427.00 KN
< 620.35 kN
Required spacing =

mm

Right support

252.76

kN

= 407 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3

4*Fc*b*d = 140989.2 lb
= 620.35 kN
Since, 252.76 KN
< 620.35 kN

mm

Required spacing =

mm Hence,

Provided spacing,

spacing provided is ok

406.50
125.00

mm

mm

Hence,

spacing provided is ok

DESIGN FOR TORSION


C/s properties:
Beam size =
=
Nib size

x1

f'c
fy
Vu
y1
x2

y2

450
200

X
X

Mpa
Mpa
KN

Tu

= 25.0
= 414.0
= 343.0
= 92.0

As prov.

= 1963.4

mm2

Acp

= 457000

mm2

Pcp
X1
Y1

= 3100
= 338.0
= 788.0

mm
mm
mm

X2
Y2
h

= 200
= 150

KN.m

= 2652

mm
mm
mm

Aoh

= 296344

mm2

eff. d

= 832

mm

Ao

= 251892

mm2

Cot 45

= 1.0

bars are indicative in fig.

C/s properties:
Beam size =
450
=
Nib size
200
= 25.0
f'c
= 414.0
fy
= 396.0
Vu

900
260

y1
x2

y2

x
X

Mpa
Mpa
KN

Tu

= 93.0

KN.m

As prov.

= 1963.4

mm2

Acp

= 457000

mm2

Pcp
X1
Y1

= 3100
= 338.0
= 788.0

mm
mm
mm

X2
Y2
h

= 200.0
= 150.0
= 2652.0

mm
mm
mm

Aoh

= 296344

mm2

eff. d

= 832

mm

Ao

= 251892

mm2

Cot 45

= 1.0

bars are indicative in fig.

C/s properties:
Beam size =
=
Nib size

900
260

f'c
fy
Vu
y1
x2

y2

450
200

x
X

900
260
Mpa
Mpa
KN

Tu

= 25.0
= 414.0
= 211.0
= 128.0

As prov.

= 1963.4

mm2

Acp

= 457000

mm2

Pcp
X1
Y1

= 3100
= 338.0
= 788.0

mm
mm
mm

X2
Y2
h

= 200.0
= 150.0

KN.m

= 2652

mm
mm
mm

Aoh

= 296344

mm2

eff. d

= 832

mm

Ao

= 251892

mm2

Cot 45

= 1.0

bars are indicative in fig.

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:


Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:


Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

- ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

Tcr
= 83.876 kN.m
1/4Tcr = 20.97 kN.m
Tu
92.00

Tu
93.00

Hence, PROVIDE TORSION REINFORCEMENT


3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret

318.14

KN

Mpa

<

3.11

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:
So, Tn =
Assuming

Tu

Hence, PROVIDE TORSION REINFORCEMENT


3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret

Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

0.59

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

20.97

Hence, PROVIDE TORSION REINFORCEMENT


3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret

318.14

KN

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3


Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

318.14

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


1.96

Mpa

<

3.11

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:
So, Tn =

as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

> (1/4) Tcr

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3

122.67 kN.m

= 45 degrees,

128.00 >

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


1.87

Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

Tcr
= 83.876 kN.m
1/4Tcr = 20.97 kN.m

> (1/4) Tcr


> 20.97

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3


Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:

- ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

Tcr
= 83.876 kN.m
1/4Tcr = 20.97 kN.m

> (1/4) Tcr


> 20.97

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

Assuming

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


2.34

as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

0.59

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

Mpa

<

3.11

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:

124.00 kN.m

= 45 degrees,

KN

So, Tn =
Assuming

170.67 kN.m

= 45 degrees,
=

as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

0.82

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:

Vu = 343.00 KN

> (1/2) Vc

Vu = 396.00 KN

> (1/2) Vc

Vu =

Vs = (Vu /) - Vc

Vs = (Vu /) - Vc

Vs = (Vu /) - Vc

139.19 KN

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED


Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

0.40

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

6) Selecting stirrups:
[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

0.61

1.58

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

113.10 mm2

s=

Provide, no. of legs =

for

Y 12 stirrups

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =


So provide, 2-Legged Y 12 @

125

126

mm

mm c/c

<

0.35 bw S/fy =

<

0.00

for

Y 12 stirrups

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =


125

47.55

mm2

42.12 mm2

332

mm

mm c/c

<

0.35 bw S/fy =

<

for

Y 12 stirrups

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =


So provide, 2-Legged Y 12 @

125

332

mm c/c

O.K.

47.55 mm2

2 x 113.1 = 226.19 mm2

OK

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

138.2 mm c/c

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


=

42.12 mm2

<

OK
Also, 47.55 mm2

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

113.10 mm2

Provide, no. of legs =

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


=

KN

1.64

O.K.

2 x 113.1 = 226.19 m mm2

OK

0.00

Using Y 12 stirrup, As =
s=

OK
Also, 47.55 mm2

Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

mm c/c

So provide, 2-Legged Y 12 @

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


42.12 mm2

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

113.10 mm2

O.K.

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

1.80

Provide, no. of legs =


332

6) Selecting stirrups:

Using Y 12 stirrup, As =

143.1 mm c/c

> (1/2) Vc

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS NOT REQUIRED

6) Selecting stirrups:

Using Y 12 stirrup, As =
s=

209.86 KN

211.0 KN

0.35 bw S/fy =

47.55 mm2

OK
Also, 47.55 mm2

<

2 x 113.1 = 226.19

OK

mm2

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

Al =

Minimum Al =

758.37

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

1559.75

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

mm2

Al =

mm2

Minimum Al =

741.41

1576.70

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

mm2

Al =

mm2

Minimum Al =

148.03

2170.09

mm2

mm2

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

Provide 1/4rd @ top

390

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide 1/4rd @ top

394

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide 1/4rd @ top

543

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

390

mm2

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

394

mm2

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

543

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

780

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

788

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

1085

mm2

Increase steel

390

mm2

394

mm2

543

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

543

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =


=

1794

mm2

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

543

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =


=

1700

mm2

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

543

mm2

678

mm2

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

BEAM NO.

B1

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

BEAM GEOMETRY :

MATERIAL PROPERTIES :

Depth of beam

D =
B =
Cc =

Width of beam
Clear cover to reinf.

900

mm

Yield strength of reinforcement

fy

414

Mpa

450

mm

Compressive strength of concrete

fc

25

Mpa

50

mm

Modulus of elasticity of reinforcement

Es

=
=

2.E+05

Mpa

- ACI 318-11, 8.5.2

Modulus of elasticity of concrete

Ec

= 2.85E+04

Mpa

- ACI 318-11, 8.5.1

ec

0.003

(Both top & bottom)


D

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

Side Cover to reinf.

Cs =

50

mm

(Ec= 5700 x F'c )

Ultimate design strain

- ACI 318-11, 10.2.3

STRENGTH REDUCTION FACTOR :


Shear friction coefficient
bars are indicative in fig.

for shear

0.75

- ACI 318-11, 9.3.2

for tension

0.90

- ACI 318-11, 9.3.2

- ACI 318-11, 11.2.1.1

C/S of beam*

DESIGN (Left end )

DESIGN (Mid span/Bottom Steel)

Staad results for left end

DESIGN (Right end )

Staad results for mid span

Staad results for right end

Left Beam L/C Node


Max Fx 3618 242 3053

Fy kN Mz kNm My kNm Mx kNm


-231.92 136.43 -1.47
86.2

Mid
Beam L/C Node
Max Fx 3618 242 3053

Fy kN Mz kNm My kNm Mx kNm


-231.9 136.4
-1.5
86.17

Right Beam L/C


Max Fx 3618 242

Node
3053

Fy kN Mz kNm My kNm Mx kNm


-231.92 136.43 -1.47 86.2

Min Fx 3572 242


Max Fy 113 214

3009
79

-208.95 24.148
424.17 674.43

-1.36
15.26

-127.6
147.7

Min Fx
Max Fy

3572 242
113 214

3009
79

-208.9 24.1
424.2 674.4

-1.4
15.3

Min Fx
Max Fy

3572 242
113 214

3009
79

-208.95 24.148 -1.36 -127.6


424.17 674.43 15.26 147.7
-572.29 745.98 14.32 -174.0

Min Fy

79

-572.29 745.98

14.32

-174.0

Min Fy

3323 214

79

-572.3 746.0

14.3

###

Min Fy

3323 214

79

Max Fz 3323 243


Min Fz 113 243

2781
79

-460.92 393.68
347.133 563.27

3.70
25.35

-66.0
92.4

Max Fz
Min Fz

3323 243
113 243

2781
79

-460.9 393.7
347.1 563.3

3.7
25.3

-65.98
92.37

Max Fz
Min Fz

3323 243
113 243

2781
79

-460.92 393.68 3.70


347.133 563.27 25.35

-66.0
92.4

Max Mx 3122 243


Min Mx 3323 242

65
79

-492.82 633.97
-505.57 657.57

-5.56
4.08

214.2
-220.6

Max Mx 3122 243


Min Mx 3323 242

65
79

-492.8 634.0
-505.6 657.6

-5.6
4.1

214.20
###

Max Mx 3122 243


Min Mx 3323 242

65
79

-492.82 633.97 -5.56


-505.57 657.57 4.08

214.2
-220.6

Max My

243

79

347.133 563.27

25.35

92.4

Max My

243

79

347.1

563.3

25.3

92.37

Max My

243

79

347.133 563.27 25.35

92.4

Min My 3122 242


Max Mz 3323 209

65
79

-457.32 601.65 -24.98


-568.46 747.54 18.24

Min My 3122 242


Max Mz 3323 209

65
79

-457.3 601.6
-568.5 747.5

-25.0
18.2

76.62
###

Min My 3122 242


Max Mz 3323 209

65
79

-457.32 601.65 -24.98 76.6


-568.46 747.54 18.24 -186.3

-0.5

45.271

Min Mz

Min Mz

3323 214

###
147.67

113

3227 214

2693

-9.623

-633

-0.51

76.6
-186.3
45.3

Min Mz

113

3227 214

2693

-9.6

-633.0

113

3227 214

2693

-9.623

-633

-0.51

45.3

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

Ultimate forces

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Ultimate
forces
kN

Ultimate forces

#N/A

Fy (Shear force)

#N/A

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

= 303.00 kNm

Ultimate
forces

214

Fy (Shear force)

214

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

Ultimate
forces

My (Moment @ minor axix)

kNm

#N/A

My (Moment @ minor axix)

kNm

214

My (Moment @ minor axix)

kNm

#N/A

Mx (torsional moments)

10.0

kNm

#N/A

Mx (torsional moments)

10.0

kNm

214

Mx (torsional moments)

10.0

kNm

#N/A

Reinforcement for
flexure + Torsion

Bottom full

Left extra

Bar dia.

4
Y20

Stirrups

2L

Y 10

Side face reinf.

Nos. Y 12

No. of bars

0
Y0
@

0
Y0

No. of bars

4
Y20

200 mm c/c

Stirrups

2L Y 10

Side face reinf.

Bar dia.

On each face

CHECKS FOR LEFT END

Reinforcement for
flexure + Torsion

Bottom extra

0
Y0
@

Nos. Y 12

Load
case

Top full

kN

Ultimate forces

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

303.00 kNm

Load
case

Fy (Shear force)

Reinforcement for flexure


+ Torsion

Load
case

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

kN

Top full

No. of bars
Bar dia.

4
Y20

200 mm c/c

Stirrups

2L

Y 10

Side face reinf.

Nos. Y 12

CHECKS FOR MID SPAN

#N/A

Right extra

0
Y0
On each face

#N/A

303.00 kNm

0
Y0
@

200 mm c/c
On each face

CHECK FOR RIGHT END

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Nominal moment capasity of section

Nominal moment capasity of section

Nominal moment capasity of section

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

Shear capasity

Shear capasity

Shear capasity

a. *Vn > Vu_act

O.K.

a. *Vn < Vu_act

O.K.

a. *Vn > Vu_act

O.K.

b. Vs > (Vu_act-Vc)

O.K.

b. Vs < (Vu_act-Vc)

O.K.

b. Vs < (Vu_act-Vc)

O.K.

Check for spacing

O.K.

Check for spacing

Torsional steel not required

O.K.

Torsional steel not required

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.

O.K.

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.

Req.

1026

mm2 < prov.

No side face reinforcement

1257

Req.

mm2

O.K.

1026

mm2 < prov.

No side face reinforcement

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Check for spacing

O.K.

Torsional steel not required

O.K.

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.

O.K.

Req.

1257

O.K.

1026

mm2 < prov.

No side face reinforcement

1257

O.K.

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

BEAM SCHEDULE
Beam
No.

B1

Beam size

Bottom reinforcement
Full

Width Depth

450

900

Top reinforcement

Curtail

4 Y-20 + 0 Y- 0

Effective cover to reinforcement

d' =

80.0

Stirrups

Full

Curtail left

Curtail right

Nominal (ST)

Shear link (ST1)

Shear link (ST1)

4 Y-20

0 Y-0

0 Y-0

2L- Y10-200

2L- Y10-200

2L- Y10-200

mm

d' =

dt =

Remarks

3- Y12 as SRF
On Each Face

mm

d' =

80.00 mm

820.00 mm

dt =

820.00 mm

80.0

d' = Cc + Dstir + (Dlong/2)


Depth from the extreme compression fiber,
to the center of reinf. in the tensile zone,

dt =

820.00 mm

Factor of depth of comp.stress block

1 =

0.85

if 2500<Fc<4000, 1=0.85
if Fc>4000, 1 shall reduce linearly at rate

(ACI 318-11,Cl.10.2.7.3)

0.05 for 1000 psi but 1>0.65


Capacity of concrete in compression, C = 0.85 x Fc x b x ax
C=

(ACI 318-11,CL 10.2.7.1)

9.56 x ax

Strength of steel in tension T = As*Fs

T =

kN
520.25 kN

From the rules of equilibrium, C=T


Depth of Equivlalent Rectangular stress block,

ax=

T = 520.25 kN

c = 0.003

54.40 mm

T = 520.25 kN

ax =

54.40 mm

c =

64.01 mm

C
ax =

54.40 mm

c =

64.01 mm

(ACI 318-11,CL 10.2.7.1)

Depth to the neutral axis, c =

ax / 1

dt

c = 64.01 mm

dt
Strain in steel , t=dt*c/c-c
(ACI 318-11,CL 10.3.3 & similar triangles)

t=

0.0354

Strain at which steel yields

y=

0.0021

E = Fs/y

t=

0.0354

y=

0.0021

t=

0.0354

y=

0.0021

R 10.3.3 : Strain destribution

Stress Diagram

& net tensile strain

Since,t > y, steel yields and stress


in the steel taken as 414 Mpa at failure,
0.035

> 0.0021

0.035

> 0.0021

0.035

> 0.0021

DOC. TITLE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

PAGE

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

Since, t =

0.035

Doc. No. :

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

DOC. TITLE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

PAGE

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR MINIMUM TENSION REINFORCEMENT


Left support

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.78

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

= 1110.2

<

mm2

As provided=

1.97

in2

1229.1 mm2

<

As = 1256.6 mm2

Mid span

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.78

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

= 1110.2

<

mm2

As provided=

1.97

in2

1229.1 mm2

<

As = 1256.6 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1256.6 > 1229.1 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1256.6 > 1229.1 mm2

So,Provided steel is adequate.

So,Provided steel is adequate.

Right support

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.78

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

<

mm2

1.97

in2

<

1229.1 mm2

As =

1256.6 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1256.6 >

1229.1 mm2

= 1110.2
As provided=

So,Provided steel is adequate.

NOMINAL MOMENT CAPACITY


Left support

Mid span

Right support

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

Mnc =

Mnc =

Mnc =

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


3.37E+08 = As x
As = 1025.7
As provided=
Hence,

Safe

328218.17
mm2
As = 1256.6 mm2

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


3.37E+08 = As x
As =

1025.74 mm2

As provided=
Hence,

328218.17

Safe

As = 1256.6 mm2

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


3.37E+08 = As x
As =

1025.74 mm2

As provided=
Hence,

328218.17

Safe

As =

1256.6 mm2

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR MOMENT CAPACITY (refer stress diagram)


Left support

Mid span

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)
Mnt= C x (d-ax/2) , where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax
=

432.61

Mu2 =

Mnt= C x (d-ax/2) , where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax


=

kN.m

Hence,

389.35

>

303.00

As,

kNm

kN.m

Hence,

432.61

Mu2 =

389.35

>

303.00

As,

kNm

Safe

kN.m

*Mnt

= 389.35

kN.m

, where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax

3828407.71 lb-in

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e

Safe

Mnt= C x (d-ax/2)
=

*Mnt

= 389.35

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e

432.61

Mu2 =
kN.m

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)

3828407.71 lb-in

*Mnt

= 389.35
As,

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)

3828407.71 lb-in

Right support

kN.m

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e
Hence,

389.35

>

303.00

kNm

Safe

CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY


Left support

Mid span

Vn=Vc+Vs
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1
where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups
Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Right support

Vn=Vc+Vs
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1
where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups
Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Vn=Vc+Vs
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1
where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups
Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
=
5904.00
lb
=
25.98
kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
=
5904.00
lb
=
25.98
kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
=
5904.00
lb
=
25.98
kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
=
-5604.00
=
-24.66

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
=
-5604.00
=
-24.66

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
=
-5604.00
=
-24.66

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

lb
kN

lb
kN

lb
kN

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,
Av is the area of shear reinforcement
s is the spacing

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,
Av is the area of shear reinforcement
s is the spacing

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,
Av is the area of shear reinforcement
s is the spacing

No. of legs =

No. of legs =

No. of legs =

Av=

157.08

2
mm2

s=

-2162.6

mm

Av=

157.08

2
mm2

s=

-2162.64

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3
s = 17.40
in
=
442.05 mm

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)
s = 17.40
in
= 442.05 mm

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw


s = 16.24 in = 412.58 mm

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw


s = 16.24 in = 412.58 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

Av=

157.08

2
mm2

s=

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw


s = 16.24 in = 412.58 mm

= 200 mm

so provide spacing s

= 200 mm

so provide spacing s

= 200 mm

shear strength

= 267 kN

shear strength

= 267 kN

shear strength

= 267 kN

*Vn = (Vc+Vs)
As,
i.e

*Vn > Vu_act


219.5
>

219.45

1.0

kN

kN

Vs

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

*Vn = (Vc+Vs)

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

As,
i.e

Shear capacity is ok

*Vn > Vu_act


219.5
>

Vs

219.45

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

*Vn = (Vc+Vs)

1.00

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

As,
i.e

Shear capacity is ok

*Vn > Vu_act


219.5
>

219.45

1.00

Shear capacity is ok

Vs =

199.97

kN

Vs =

199.97

kN

Vs =

199.97

kN

Vu_act-Vc=

-18.48

kN

Vu_act-Vc=

-18.48

kN

Vu_act-Vc=

-18.48

kN

As,
i.e

Vs > Vu_act-Vc
199.97 >

-18.48

O.K

As,
kN

i.e

Vs > Vu_act-Vc
199.97 >

-18.48

O.K

As,
kN

mm

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3
s = 17.40
in
=
442.05
mm

so provide spacing s
Vs

-2162.64

i.e

Vs > Vu_act-Vc
199.97 >

-18.48

O.K

kN

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR SPACING


Left support
Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

Mid span
410.00 mm

= 600.00 mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d, max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2


Vs = -24.66
4*Fc*b*d = 142203.1
= 625.69
Since, -24.66 KN
Required spacing =
Provided spacing,

= d/2 or

Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

= 600 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

410

kN
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3
lb
kN
< 625.69 kN
410.00

200.00

mm

mm

mm

410.00 mm
= 600.00 mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d,max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2


Vs = -24.66
4*Fc*b*d = 142203.1
= 625.69
Since, -24.66 KN
Required spacing =

Hence,

Right support

Provided spacing,

spacing provided is ok

= d/2 or

Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

= 600 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

410

mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d,max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2

kN
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3
lb
kN
< 625.69 kN
410.00

200.00

mm

Vs = -24.66
4*Fc*b*d = 142203.1
= 625.69
Since, -24.66 KN
Required spacing =

mm Hence,

410.00 mm = d/2 or
= 600.00 mm = 600 mm

Provided spacing,

spacing provided is ok

= 410 mm

kN
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3
lb
kN
< 625.69 kN
410.00

200.00

mm

mm

Hence,

spacing provided is ok

DESIGN FOR TORSION


C/s properties:
Beam size =
450
=
Nib size
200
= 25.0
f'c
= 414.0
fy
= 1.0
Vu
= 10.0
Tu

x1

y1
x2

y2

bars are indicative in fig.

Aoh

= 298600

mm2

Ao

= 253810

mm2

X
X

As prov.

= 1256.6

mm2

Acp

= 457000

mm2

Pcp

= 3100
= 340.0
= 790.0

mm

X1
Y1
X2
Y2
h

= 2660

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

eff. d

= 835

mm

Cot 45

= 1.0

= 200
= 150

C/s properties:
Beam size =
450
=
Nib size
200
= 25.0
f'c
= 414.0
fy
= 1.0
Vu
= 10.0
Tu

900
260
Mpa
Mpa
KN
KN.m
y1
x2

y2

bars are indicative in fig.

Aoh

= 298600

Ao

= 253810

mm2
mm2

x
X

C/s properties:
Beam size =
450
=
Nib size
200
= 25.0
f'c
= 414.0
fy
= 1.0
Vu
= 10.0
Tu

900
260
Mpa
Mpa
KN
KN.m

As prov.

= 1256.6

mm2

Acp

= 457000

mm2

Pcp

mm

X1
Y1
X2
Y2
h

= 3100
= 340.0
= 790.0
= 200.0
= 150.0
= 2660.0

eff. d

= 835

mm

Cot 45

= 1.0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

y1
x2

y2

bars are indicative in fig.

x
X

900
260
Mpa
Mpa
KN
KN.m

As prov.

= 1256.6

mm2

Acp

= 457000

mm2

Pcp

= 3100
= 340.0
= 790.0
= 200.0
= 150.0
= 2660

mm

mm

X1
Y1
X2
Y2
h

Aoh

= 298600

mm2

eff. d

= 835

Ao

= 253810

mm2

Cot 45

= 1.0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:


Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:


Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

- ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

Tcr
= 83.876 kN.m
1/4Tcr = 20.97 kN.m
Tu
10.00

Tu
10.00

Tu
10.00

KN

>

0.00

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:
So, Tn =
Assuming

0.00

= 45 degrees,
=

Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

Mpa

>

0.00

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

KN

0.00

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:
So, Tn =

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)

3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3
Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

0.00

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


0.18

kN.m
as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

0.00

< (1/4) Tcr


< 20.97

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


Mpa

ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

TORSION IS NEGLECTED

3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3

0.18

TORSION IS NEGLECTED

3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret

0.00

Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

Tcr
= 83.876 kN.m
1/4Tcr = 20.97 kN.m

< (1/4) Tcr


< 20.97

TORSION IS NEGLECTED

Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:

- ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

Tcr
= 83.876 kN.m
1/4Tcr = 20.97 kN.m

< (1/4) Tcr


< 20.97

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

Assuming

0.00

= 45 degrees,
=

0.00

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


0.18

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

Mpa

>

0.00

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:

kN.m
as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

KN

So, Tn =
Assuming

0.00

= 45 degrees,
=

kN.m
as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

0.00

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:


Vu =

0.00

KN

Vs = (Vu / ) - Vc

0.00

Vu =
KN

0.00

KN

> (1/2) Vc
=

0.00

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

0.00

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

Using Y 10 stirrup, As =

0.00

mm2

Using Y 10 stirrup, As =

mm c/c

s=

Provide, no. of legs =

for

Y 10 stirrups

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =


So provide, 2-Legged Y 10 @

mm

mm c/c

mm2

>

0.35 bw S/fy =

0.00

mm2

>

2 x 0 = 0 mm2

OK

Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

0.00

[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

0.00

mm2

for

Y 10 stirrups

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

Using Y 10 stirrup, As =

78.54

mm2

0.0

mm c/c

Provide, no. of legs =


0

mm

mm c/c

0.00

mm2

>

0.35 bw S/fy =

Also,

0.00

mm2

<

0.00

2 x 78.54 = 157.08 mm2

OK

Y 10 stirrups

mm c/c

O.K.

mm2

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


=

0.00

mm2

>

OK
mm2

for

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =


So provide, 2-Legged Y 10 @

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


=

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

0.00

O.K.

0.00

KN

s=

OK
Also,

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

mm c/c

So provide, 2-Legged Y 10 @

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


0.00

> (1/2) Vc

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS NOT REQUIRED

78.54 mm2

Provide, no. of legs =


0

KN

Vs = (Vu / ) - Vc

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

0.00

O.K.

KN

0.0

6) Selecting stirrups:

0.00

0.0

Vu =

6) Selecting stirrups:
=

s=

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS NOT REQUIRED

6) Selecting stirrups:
[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

0.00

Vs = (Vu / ) - Vc

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS NOT REQUIRED


Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:

> (1/2) Vc
=

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

0.35 bw S/fy =

0.00

OK
Also,

0.00

mm2

<

2 x 78.54 = 157.08

OK

mm2

mm2

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

Al =

Minimum Al =

0.00

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

0.00

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

mm2

Al =

mm2

Minimum Al =

0.00

0.00

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

mm2

Al =

mm2

Minimum Al =

0.00

0.00

mm2

mm2

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

Provide 1/4rd @ top

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide 1/4rd @ top

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide 1/4rd @ top

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

mm2

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

mm2

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

mm2

OK

mm2

mm2

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =


=

1026

mm2

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =


=

1026

mm2

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

mm2

1026

mm2

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

BEAM NO.

B1

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

BEAM GEOMETRY :

MATERIAL PROPERTIES :

Depth of beam

D =
B =
Cc =

Width of beam
Clear cover to reinf.

1000 mm

Yield strength of reinforcement

fy

414

Mpa

450

mm

Compressive strength of concrete

fc

25

Mpa

50

mm

Modulus of elasticity of reinforcement

Es

=
=

2.E+05

Mpa

- ACI 318-11, 8.5.2

Modulus of elasticity of concrete

Ec

= 2.85E+04

Mpa

- ACI 318-11, 8.5.1

ec

0.003

(Both top & bottom)


D

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

Side Cover to reinf.

Cs =

50

mm

(Ec= 5700 x F'c )

Ultimate design strain

- ACI 318-11, 10.2.3

STRENGTH REDUCTION FACTOR :


Shear friction coefficient
bars are indicative in fig.

for shear

0.75

- ACI 318-11, 9.3.2

for tension

0.90

- ACI 318-11, 9.3.2

- ACI 318-11, 11.2.1.1

C/S of beam*

DESIGN (Left end )

DESIGN (Mid span/Bottom Steel)

Staad results for left end

DESIGN (Right end )

Staad results for mid span

Staad results for right end

Left Beam L/C Node


Max Fx 3618 242 3053

Fy kN Mz kNm My kNm Mx kNm


-231.92 136.43 -1.47
86.2

Mid
Beam L/C Node
Max Fx 3618 242 3053

Fy kN Mz kNm My kNm Mx kNm


-231.9 136.4
-1.5
86.17

Right Beam L/C


Max Fx 3618 242

Node
3053

Fy kN Mz kNm My kNm Mx kNm


-231.92 136.43 -1.47 86.2

Min Fx 3572 242


Max Fy 113 214

3009
79

-208.95 24.148
424.17 674.43

-1.36
15.26

-127.6
147.7

Min Fx
Max Fy

3572 242
113 214

3009
79

-208.9 24.1
424.2 674.4

-1.4
15.3

Min Fx
Max Fy

3572 242
113 214

3009
79

-208.95 24.148 -1.36 -127.6


424.17 674.43 15.26 147.7
-572.29 745.98 14.32 -174.0

Min Fy

79

-572.29 745.98

14.32

-174.0

Min Fy

3323 214

79

-572.3 746.0

14.3

###

Min Fy

3323 214

79

Max Fz 3323 243


Min Fz 113 243

2781
79

-460.92 393.68
347.133 563.27

3.70
25.35

-66.0
92.4

Max Fz
Min Fz

3323 243
113 243

2781
79

-460.9 393.7
347.1 563.3

3.7
25.3

-65.98
92.37

Max Fz
Min Fz

3323 243
113 243

2781
79

-460.92 393.68 3.70


347.133 563.27 25.35

-66.0
92.4

Max Mx 3122 243


Min Mx 3323 242

65
79

-492.82 633.97
-505.57 657.57

-5.56
4.08

214.2
-220.6

Max Mx 3122 243


Min Mx 3323 242

65
79

-492.8 634.0
-505.6 657.6

-5.6
4.1

214.20
###

Max Mx 3122 243


Min Mx 3323 242

65
79

-492.82 633.97 -5.56


-505.57 657.57 4.08

214.2
-220.6

Max My

243

79

347.133 563.27

25.35

92.4

Max My

243

79

347.1

563.3

25.3

92.37

Max My

243

79

347.133 563.27 25.35

92.4

Min My 3122 242


Max Mz 3323 209

65
79

-457.32 601.65 -24.98


-568.46 747.54 18.24

Min My 3122 242


Max Mz 3323 209

65
79

-457.3 601.6
-568.5 747.5

-25.0
18.2

76.62
###

Min My 3122 242


Max Mz 3323 209

65
79

-457.32 601.65 -24.98 76.6


-568.46 747.54 18.24 -186.3

-0.5

45.271

Min Mz

Min Mz

3323 214

###
147.67

113

3227 214

2693

-9.623

-633

-0.51

76.6
-186.3
45.3

Min Mz

113

3227 214

2693

-9.6

-633.0

113

3227 214

2693

-9.623

-633

-0.51

45.3

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

Ultimate forces

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Ultimate
forces

Load
case

Ultimate forces

320

#N/A

Fy (Shear force)

#N/A

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

= 364.00 kNm

Ultimate forces

214

Fy (Shear force)

214

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

kNm

214

My (Moment @ minor axix)

kNm

#N/A

107.0 kNm

214

Mx (torsional moments)

114.0

kNm

#N/A

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

My (Moment @ minor axix)

kNm

#N/A

My (Moment @ minor axix)

Mx (torsional moments)

81.0

kNm

#N/A

Mx (torsional moments)

Reinforcement for
flexure + Torsion

Bottom full

Reinforcement for flexure


+ Torsion

kN

Load
case

Ultimate
forces

Fy (Shear force)

422.00 kNm

Top full

Left extra

Bar dia.

4
Y25

Stirrups

2L

Y 10

Side face reinf.

Nos. Y 16

No. of bars

0
Y0
@

328
9

0
Y20

No. of bars

4
Y25

100 mm c/c

Stirrups

2L Y 10

Side face reinf.

Bar dia.

On each face

CHECKS FOR LEFT END

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

kN

Reinforcement for
flexure + Torsion

Bottom extra

0
Y0
@

Nos. Y 16

Ultimate
forces

Load
case

319

#N/A

kN

354.00 kNm

Top full

Right extra

0
Y20

No. of bars
Bar dia.

4
Y25

100 mm c/c

Stirrups

2L

Y 10

Side face reinf.

Nos. Y 16

On each face

CHECKS FOR MID SPAN

#N/A

0
Y20
@

100 mm c/c
On each face

CHECK FOR RIGHT END

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Nominal moment capasity of section

Nominal moment capasity of section

Nominal moment capasity of section

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

Shear capasity

Shear capasity

Shear capasity

a. *Vn > Vu_act

O.K.

a. *Vn < Vu_act

O.K.

a. *Vn > Vu_act

O.K.

b. Vs > (Vu_act-Vc)

O.K.

b. Vs < (Vu_act-Vc)

O.K.

b. Vs < (Vu_act-Vc)

O.K.

Check for spacing

Torsional steel required

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.


Req.

1664

mm2 < prov.

Side face reinforcement

1963

O.K.

Check for spacing

Design for torsion

Torsional steel required

O.K.

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.


Req.

mm2

O.K.

1544

mm2 < prov.

Side face reinforcement

O.K.
Design for torsion
O.K.

Check for spacing

Torsional steel required

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.


Req.

1963

O.K.

O.K.

1539

mm2 < prov.

Side face reinforcement

Design for torsion


O.K.

1963

O.K.

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

BEAM SCHEDULE
Beam
No.

B1

Beam size

Bottom reinforcement

450

1000

Top reinforcement

Stirrups

Full

Curtail

Full

Curtail left

Curtail right

Nominal (ST)

Shear link (ST1)

Shear link (ST1)

4 Y-25 + 0 Y- 0

20

4 Y-25

0 Y-20

0 Y-20

2L- Y10-100

2L- Y10-100

2L- Y10-100

Width Depth

Effective cover to reinforcement

d' =

95.0

mm

d' =

dt =

Remarks

3- Y16 as SRF
On Each Face

mm

d' =

95.00 mm

905.00 mm

dt =

905.00 mm

95.0

d' = Cc + Dstir + (Dlong/2)


Depth from the extreme compression fiber,
to the center of reinf. in the tensile zone,

dt =

905.00 mm

Factor of depth of comp.stress block

1 =

0.85

if 2500<Fc<4000, 1=0.85
if Fc>4000, 1 shall reduce linearly at rate

(ACI 318-11,Cl.10.2.7.3)

0.05 for 1000 psi but 1>0.65


Capacity of concrete in compression, C = 0.85 x Fc x b x ax
C=

(ACI 318-11,CL 10.2.7.1)

9.56 x ax

Strength of steel in tension T = As*Fs

T =

kN
812.89 kN

From the rules of equilibrium, C=T


Depth of Equivlalent Rectangular stress block,

ax=

T = 812.89 kN

c = 0.003

85.01 mm

T = 812.89 kN

ax =

85.01 mm

c =

100.01 mm

C
ax =

85.01 mm

(ACI 318-11,CL 10.2.7.1)

Depth to the neutral axis, c =

ax / 1

dt

c = 100.01 mm

c = 100.01 mm

dt
Strain in steel , t=dt*c/c-c
(ACI 318-11,CL 10.3.3 & similar triangles)

t=

0.0241

Strain at which steel yields

y=

0.0021

E = Fs/y

t=

0.0241

y=

0.0021

t=

0.0241

y=

0.0021

R 10.3.3 : Strain destribution

Stress Diagram

& net tensile strain

Since,t > y, steel yields and stress


in the steel taken as 414 Mpa at failure,
0.024

> 0.0021

0.024

> 0.0021

0.024

> 0.0021

DOC. TITLE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

PAGE

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

Since, t =

0.024

Doc. No. :

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

DOC. TITLE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

PAGE

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR MINIMUM TENSION REINFORCEMENT


Left support

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.96

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

= 1225.2

<

mm2

As provided=

2.17

in2

1356.5 mm2

<

As = 1963.4 mm2

Mid span

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.96

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

= 1225.2

<

mm2

As provided=

2.17

in2

1356.5 mm2

<

As = 1963.4 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1963.4 > 1356.5 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1963.4 > 1356.5 mm2

So,Provided steel is adequate.

So,Provided steel is adequate.

Right support

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.96

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

<

mm2

2.17

in2

<

1356.5 mm2

As =

1963.4 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1963.4 >

1356.5 mm2

= 1225.2
As provided=

So,Provided steel is adequate.

NOMINAL MOMENT CAPACITY


Left support

Mid span

Right support

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

Mnc =

Mnc =

Mnc =

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


4.69E+08 = As x
As = 1313.1
As provided=
Hence,

Safe

357073.39
mm2
As = 1963.5 mm2

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


4.04E+08 = As x
As =

1132.66 mm2

As provided=
Hence,

357073.39

Safe

As = 1963.4 mm2

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


3.93E+08 = As x
As =

1101.55 mm2

As provided=
Hence,

357073.39

Safe

As =

1963.4 mm2

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR MOMENT CAPACITY (refer stress diagram)


Left support

Mid span

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)
Mnt= C x (d-ax/2) , where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax
=

735.38

Mu2 =

Mnt= C x (d-ax/2) , where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax


=

kN.m

Hence,

661.84

>

422.00

As,

kNm

kN.m

Hence,

735.38

Mu2 =

661.84

>

364.00

As,

kNm

Safe

kN.m

*Mnt

= 661.84

kN.m

, where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax

6507783.17 lb-in

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e

Safe

Mnt= C x (d-ax/2)
=

*Mnt

= 661.84

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e

735.38

Mu2 =
kN.m

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)

6507783.17 lb-in

*Mnt

= 661.84
As,

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)

6507783.17 lb-in

Right support

kN.m

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e
Hence,

661.84

>

354.00

kNm

Safe

CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY


Left support

Mid span

Vn=Vc+Vs
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1
where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups
Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Right support

Vn=Vc+Vs
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1
where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups
Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Vn=Vc+Vs
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1
where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups
Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
=
6516.00
lb
=
28.67
kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
=
6516.00
lb
=
28.67
kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
=
6516.00
lb
=
28.67
kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
=
89484.00
=
393.73

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
=
91884.00
=
404.29

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
=
89184.00
=
392.41

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

lb
kN

lb
kN

lb
kN

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,
Av is the area of shear reinforcement
s is the spacing

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,
Av is the area of shear reinforcement
s is the spacing

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,
Av is the area of shear reinforcement
s is the spacing

No. of legs =

No. of legs =

No. of legs =

Av=

157.08

2
mm2

s=

149.5

mm

Av=

157.08

2
mm2

s=

145.57

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3
s = 17.40
in
=
442.05 mm

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)
s = 17.40
in
= 442.05 mm

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw


s = 16.24 in = 412.58 mm

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw


s = 16.24 in = 412.58 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

Av=

157.08

2
mm2

s=

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw


s = 16.24 in = 412.58 mm

= 100 mm

so provide spacing s

= 100 mm

so provide spacing s

= 100 mm

shear strength

= 589 kN

shear strength

= 589 kN

shear strength

= 589 kN

*Vn = (Vc+Vs)
As,
i.e

*Vn > Vu_act


462.9
>

462.90

320.0 kN

kN

Vs

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

*Vn = (Vc+Vs)

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

As,
i.e

Shear capacity is ok

*Vn > Vu_act


462.9
>

462.90

328.00

Vs

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

*Vn = (Vc+Vs)

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

As,
i.e

Shear capacity is ok

*Vn > Vu_act


462.9
>

462.90

319.00 kN

Shear capacity is ok

Vs =

441.40

kN

Vs =

441.40

kN

Vs =

441.40

kN

Vu_act-Vc=

298.50

kN

Vu_act-Vc=

306.50

kN

Vu_act-Vc=

297.50

kN

As,
i.e

Vs > Vu_act-Vc
441.40 >

298.50

O.K

As,
kN

i.e

Vs > Vu_act-Vc
441.40 >

306.50

O.K

As,
kN

mm

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3
s = 17.40
in
=
442.05
mm

so provide spacing s
Vs

149.98

i.e

Vs > Vu_act-Vc
441.40 >

297.50

O.K

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR SPACING


Left support
Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

Mid span
452.50 mm

= 600.00 mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d, max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2


Vs = 393.73
4*Fc*b*d = 156943.7
= 690.55
Since, 393.73 KN
Required spacing =
Provided spacing,

= d/2 or

Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

= 600 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

453

mm

kN
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3
lb
kN
< 690.55 kN
452.50

100.00

mm

mm

452.50 mm
= 600.00 mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d,max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2


Vs = 404.29
4*Fc*b*d = 156943.7
= 690.55
Since, 404.29 KN
Required spacing =

Hence,

Right support

Provided spacing,

spacing provided is ok

= d/2 or

Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

= 600 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

453

mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d,max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2

kN
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3
lb
kN
< 690.55 kN
452.50

100.00

mm

Vs = 392.41
4*Fc*b*d = 156943.7
= 690.55
Since, 392.41 KN
Required spacing =

mm Hence,

452.50 mm = d/2 or
= 600.00 mm = 600 mm

Provided spacing,

spacing provided is ok

= 453 mm

kN
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3
lb
kN
< 690.55 kN
452.50

100.00

mm

mm

Hence,

spacing provided is ok

DESIGN FOR TORSION


C/s properties:
Beam size =
450
=
Nib size
200
= 25.0
f'c
= 414.0
fy
= 320.0
Vu
= 81.0
Tu

x1

y1
x2

y2

bars are indicative in fig.

Aoh

= 352600

mm2

Ao

= 299710

mm2

X
X

As prov.

= 1963.4

mm2

Acp

= 522000

mm2

Pcp

= 3300
= 340.0
= 890.0

mm

X1
Y1
X2
Y2
h

= 2860

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

eff. d

= 929

mm

Cot 45

= 1.0

= 200
= 250

C/s properties:
Beam size =
450
=
Nib size
200
= 25.0
f'c
= 414.0
fy
= 328.0
Vu
= 107.0
Tu

1000
360
Mpa
Mpa
KN
KN.m
y1
x2

y2

bars are indicative in fig.

Aoh

= 352600

Ao

= 299710

mm2
mm2

x
X

C/s properties:
Beam size =
450
=
Nib size
200
= 25.0
f'c
= 414.0
fy
= 319.0
Vu
= 114.0
Tu

1000
360
Mpa
Mpa
KN
KN.m

As prov.

= 1963.4

mm2

Acp

= 522000

mm2

Pcp

mm

X1
Y1
X2
Y2
h

= 3300
= 340.0
= 890.0
= 200.0
= 250.0
= 2860.0

eff. d

= 929

mm

Cot 45

= 1.0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

y1
x2

y2

bars are indicative in fig.

x
X

1000
360
Mpa
Mpa
KN
KN.m

As prov.

= 1963.4

mm2

Acp

= 522000

mm2

Pcp

= 3300
= 340.0
= 890.0
= 200.0
= 250.0
= 2860

mm

mm

X1
Y1
X2
Y2
h

Aoh

= 352600

mm2

eff. d

= 929

Ao

= 299710

mm2

Cot 45

= 1.0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:


Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:


Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

- ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

Tcr
=
1/4Tcr =
Tu
81.00

> (1/4) Tcr


> 25.70

Tu

Hence, PROVIDE TORSION REINFORCEMENT


3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret

355.25

KN

Mpa

<

3.11

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:
So, Tn =
Assuming

> (1/4) Tcr

Tu

0.44

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

### kN.m
25.70 kN.m

> (1/4) Tcr

Hence, PROVIDE TORSION REINFORCEMENT

Hence, PROVIDE TORSION REINFORCEMENT

3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret

25.70

3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3


Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

355.25

KN

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3


Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

355.25

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


1.65

Mpa

<

3.11

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:
So, Tn =

as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

114.00 >

108.00 kN.m

= 45 degrees,

107.00 > 25.70

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


1.34

Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

Tcr
=
1/4Tcr =

### kN.m
25.70 kN.m

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3


Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:

- ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

Tcr
=
1/4Tcr =

### kN.m
25.70 kN.m

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

Assuming

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


1.72

as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

0.57

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

Mpa

<

3.11

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:

142.67 kN.m

= 45 degrees,

KN

So, Tn =
Assuming

152.00 kN.m

= 45 degrees,
=

as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

0.61

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:

Vu = 320.00 KN

> (1/2) Vc

Vu = 328.00 KN

> (1/2) Vc

Vu =

Vs = (Vu / ) - Vc

Vs = (Vu / ) - Vc

Vs = (Vu / ) - Vc

71.42 KN

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED


Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

0.19

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

6) Selecting stirrups:
[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

82.09 KN

0.21

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

Using Y 10 stirrup, As =

78.54

mm2

Using Y 10 stirrup, As =
s=

Provide, no. of legs =

for

Y 10 stirrups

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =


So provide, 2-Legged Y 10 @

100

115

mm

mm c/c

<

0.35 bw S/fy =

<

0.18

38.04

mm2

for

Y 10 stirrups

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =

33.70 mm2

Using Y 10 stirrup, As =

78.54

mm2

100

111.6 mm c/c

358

mm

mm c/c

<

0.35 bw S/fy =

<

Y 10 stirrups

So provide, 2-Legged Y 10 @

100

358

mm c/c

O.K.

38.04 mm2

2 x 78.54 = 157.08 mm2

OK

for

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


=

33.70 mm2

<

OK
Also, 38.04 mm2

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

Provide, no. of legs =

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


=

KN

1.41

O.K.

2 x 78.54 = 157.08 m mm2

OK

70.09

s=

OK
Also, 38.04 mm2

Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

mm c/c

So provide, 2-Legged Y 10 @

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


33.70 mm2

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

78.54 mm2

O.K.

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

1.36

Provide, no. of legs =


358

6) Selecting stirrups:

1.06

148.7 mm c/c

> (1/2) Vc

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS REQUIRED

6) Selecting stirrups:
=

s=

319.0 KN

0.35 bw S/fy =

38.04 mm2

OK
Also, 38.04 mm2

<

2 x 78.54 = 157.08

OK

mm2

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

Al =

Minimum Al =

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

1244.68

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

mm2

Al =

1403.14 mm2

Minimum Al =

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

1644.21 mm2

Al =

1003.62 mm2

Minimum Al =

896.05

1751.77

mm2

mm2

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

Provide 1/4rd @ top

351

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide 1/4rd @ top

411

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide 1/4rd @ top

438

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

351

mm2

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

411

mm2

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

438

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

702

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

822

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

876

mm2

OK

351

mm2

411

mm2

438

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

438

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =


=

1664

mm2

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

438

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =


=

1544

mm2

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

438

mm2

1539

mm2

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

BEAM NO.

B1

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

BEAM GEOMETRY :

MATERIAL PROPERTIES :

Depth of beam

D =
B =
Cc =

Width of beam
Clear cover to reinf.

900

mm

Yield strength of reinforcement

fy

414

Mpa

450

mm

Compressive strength of concrete

fc

25

Mpa

50

mm

Modulus of elasticity of reinforcement

Es

=
=

2.E+05

Mpa

- ACI 318-11, 8.5.2

Modulus of elasticity of concrete

Ec

= 2.85E+04

Mpa

- ACI 318-11, 8.5.1

ec

0.003

(Both top & bottom)


D

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

Side Cover to reinf.

Cs =

50

mm

(Ec= 5700 x F'c )

Ultimate design strain

- ACI 318-11, 10.2.3

STRENGTH REDUCTION FACTOR :


Shear friction coefficient
bars are indicative in fig.

for shear

0.75

- ACI 318-11, 9.3.2

for tension

0.90

- ACI 318-11, 9.3.2

- ACI 318-11, 11.2.1.1

C/S of beam*

DESIGN (Left end )

DESIGN (Mid span/Bottom Steel)

Staad results for left end

DESIGN (Right end )

Staad results for mid span

Staad results for right end

Left Beam L/C Node


Max Fx 3618 242 3053

Fy kN Mz kNm My kNm Mx kNm


-231.92 136.43 -1.47
86.2

Mid
Beam L/C Node
Max Fx 3618 242 3053

Fy kN Mz kNm My kNm Mx kNm


-231.9 136.4
-1.5
86.17

Right Beam L/C


Max Fx 3618 242

Node
3053

Fy kN Mz kNm My kNm Mx kNm


-231.92 136.43 -1.47 86.2

Min Fx 3572 242


Max Fy 113 214

3009
79

-208.95 24.148
424.17 674.43

-1.36
15.26

-127.6
147.7

Min Fx
Max Fy

3572 242
113 214

3009
79

-208.9 24.1
424.2 674.4

-1.4
15.3

Min Fx
Max Fy

3572 242
113 214

3009
79

-208.95 24.148 -1.36 -127.6


424.17 674.43 15.26 147.7
-572.29 745.98 14.32 -174.0

Min Fy

79

-572.29 745.98

14.32

-174.0

Min Fy

3323 214

79

-572.3 746.0

14.3

###

Min Fy

3323 214

79

Max Fz 3323 243


Min Fz 113 243

2781
79

-460.92 393.68
347.133 563.27

3.70
25.35

-66.0
92.4

Max Fz
Min Fz

3323 243
113 243

2781
79

-460.9 393.7
347.1 563.3

3.7
25.3

-65.98
92.37

Max Fz
Min Fz

3323 243
113 243

2781
79

-460.92 393.68 3.70


347.133 563.27 25.35

-66.0
92.4

Max Mx 3122 243


Min Mx 3323 242

65
79

-492.82 633.97
-505.57 657.57

-5.56
4.08

214.2
-220.6

Max Mx 3122 243


Min Mx 3323 242

65
79

-492.8 634.0
-505.6 657.6

-5.6
4.1

214.20
###

Max Mx 3122 243


Min Mx 3323 242

65
79

-492.82 633.97 -5.56


-505.57 657.57 4.08

214.2
-220.6

Max My

243

79

347.133 563.27

25.35

92.4

Max My

243

79

347.1

563.3

25.3

92.37

Max My

243

79

347.133 563.27 25.35

92.4

Min My 3122 242


Max Mz 3323 209

65
79

-457.32 601.65 -24.98


-568.46 747.54 18.24

Min My 3122 242


Max Mz 3323 209

65
79

-457.3 601.6
-568.5 747.5

-25.0
18.2

76.62
###

Min My 3122 242


Max Mz 3323 209

65
79

-457.32 601.65 -24.98 76.6


-568.46 747.54 18.24 -186.3

-0.5

45.271

Min Mz

Min Mz

3323 214

###
147.67

113

3227 214

2693

-9.623

-633

-0.51

76.6
-186.3
45.3

Min Mz

113

3227 214

2693

-9.6

-633.0

113

3227 214

2693

-9.623

-633

-0.51

45.3

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

Ultimate forces

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Ultimate
forces

Load
case

Ultimate forces

26

#N/A

Fy (Shear force)

#N/A

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

= 218.00 kNm

214

Fy (Shear force)

214

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

Ultimate
forces

Load
case

26

#N/A

=
=

My (Moment @ minor axix)

kNm

#N/A

My (Moment @ minor axix)

kNm

214

My (Moment @ minor axix)

kNm

#N/A

Mx (torsional moments)

6.0

kNm

#N/A

Mx (torsional moments)

6.0

kNm

214

Mx (torsional moments)

6.0

kNm

#N/A

Reinforcement for
flexure + Torsion

Bottom full

Top full

Left extra

Bar dia.

4
Y20

Stirrups

2L

Y 10

Side face reinf.

Nos. Y 16

No. of bars

0
Y0
@

2
Y16

No. of bars

4
Y20

200 mm c/c

Stirrups

2L Y 10

Side face reinf.

Bar dia.

On each face

CHECKS FOR LEFT END

kN

Ultimate forces

Mz (Moment @ major axix)

218.00 kNm

26

Load
case

Fy (Shear force)

Reinforcement for flexure


+ Torsion

kN

Ultimate
forces

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

Reinforcement for
flexure + Torsion

Bottom extra

0
Y0
@

Nos. Y 16

kN

218.00 kNm

Top full

Right extra

2
Y16

No. of bars
Bar dia.

4
Y20

200 mm c/c

Stirrups

2L

Y 10

Side face reinf.

Nos. Y 16

On each face

CHECKS FOR MID SPAN

#N/A

2
Y16
@

200 mm c/c
On each face

CHECK FOR RIGHT END

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Section is tension controlled

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Minimum steel requirement

O.K.

Nominal moment capasity of section

Nominal moment capasity of section

Nominal moment capasity of section

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

a. At tension fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

b. At compression fiber

O.K.

Shear capasity

Shear capasity

Shear capasity

a. *Vn > Vu_act

O.K.

a. *Vn < Vu_act

O.K.

a. *Vn > Vu_act

O.K.

b. Vs > (Vu_act-Vc)

O.K.

b. Vs < (Vu_act-Vc)

O.K.

b. Vs < (Vu_act-Vc)

O.K.

Check for spacing

O.K.

Check for spacing

Torsional steel not required

O.K.

Torsional steel not required

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.

O.K.

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.

Req.

754

mm2 < prov.

No side face reinforcement

1659

Req.

mm2

O.K.

754

mm2 < prov.

No side face reinforcement

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Check for spacing

O.K.

Torsional steel not required

O.K.

Combined Flexure + Torsion freinf.

O.K.

Req.

1659

O.K.

754

mm2 < prov.

No side face reinforcement

1659

O.K.

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

BEAM SCHEDULE
Beam
No.

B1

Beam size

Bottom reinforcement

450

900

Top reinforcement

Stirrups

Full

Curtail

Full

Curtail left

Curtail right

Nominal (ST)

Shear link (ST1)

Shear link (ST1)

4 Y-20 + 0 Y- 0

2 Y-16

4 Y-20

2 Y-16

2 Y-16

2L- Y10-200

2L- Y10-200

2L- Y10-200

Width Depth

Effective cover to reinforcement

d' =

88.0

mm

d' =

dt =

Remarks

3- Y16 as SRF
On Each Face

mm

d' =

88.00 mm

812.00 mm

dt =

812.00 mm

88.0

d' = Cc + Dstir + (Dlong/2)


Depth from the extreme compression fiber,
to the center of reinf. in the tensile zone,

dt =

812.00 mm

Factor of depth of comp.stress block

1 =

0.85

if 2500<Fc<4000, 1=0.85
if Fc>4000, 1 shall reduce linearly at rate

(ACI 318-11,Cl.10.2.7.3)

0.05 for 1000 psi but 1>0.65


Capacity of concrete in compression, C = 0.85 x Fc x b x ax
C=

(ACI 318-11,CL 10.2.7.1)

9.56 x ax

Strength of steel in tension T = As*Fs

T =

kN
686.73 kN

From the rules of equilibrium, C=T


Depth of Equivlalent Rectangular stress block,

ax=

T = 686.73 kN

c = 0.003

71.81 mm

T = 686.73 kN

ax =

71.81 mm

c =

84.49 mm

C
ax =

71.81 mm

c =

84.49 mm

(ACI 318-11,CL 10.2.7.1)

Depth to the neutral axis, c =

ax / 1

dt

c = 84.49 mm

dt
Strain in steel , t=dt*c/c-c
(ACI 318-11,CL 10.3.3 & similar triangles)

t=

0.0258

Strain at which steel yields

y=

0.0021

E = Fs/y

t=

0.0258

y=

0.0021

t=

0.0258

y=

0.0021

R 10.3.3 : Strain destribution

Stress Diagram

& net tensile strain

Since,t > y, steel yields and stress


in the steel taken as 414 Mpa at failure,
0.026

> 0.0021

0.026

> 0.0021

0.026

> 0.0021

DOC. TITLE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

PAGE

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

Since, t =

0.026

Doc. No. :

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

SECTION IS TENSION CONTROLLED

DOC. TITLE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

PAGE

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR MINIMUM TENSION REINFORCEMENT


Left support

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.76

= 1099.3

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

<

mm2

As provided=

1.95

in2

1217.1 mm2

<

As = 1658.7 mm2

Mid span

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.76

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

= 1099.3

<

mm2

As provided=

1.95

in2

1217.1 mm2

<

As = 1658.7 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1658.7 > 1217.1 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1658.7 > 1217.1 mm2

So,Provided steel is adequate.

So,Provided steel is adequate.

Right support

As_min= 3*Fc*b*d/Fs,
=

1.76

but not less than 200*b*d/Fs

in2

<

mm2

1.95

in2

<

1217.1 mm2

As =

1658.7 mm2

As > As min. i.e. 1658.7 >

1217.1 mm2

= 1099.3
As provided=

So,Provided steel is adequate.

NOMINAL MOMENT CAPACITY


Left support

Mid span

Right support

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

Using moment equilibrium ,moment capacity can be calculated

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

by taking the moment about the centre of the compressive force

Mnc =

Mnc =

Mnc =

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


2.42E+08 = As x
As =

753.9

As provided=
Hence,

Safe

321302.38
mm2
As = 1658.8 mm2

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


2.42E+08 = As x
As =

753.88

As provided=
Hence,

Safe

321302.38
mm2
As = 1658.7 mm2

T*(d-ax/2)

Mnc = As * fy * (d- ax/2)


2.42E+08 = As x
As =

753.88

As provided=
Hence,

Safe

321302.38
mm2
As =

1658.7 mm2

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR MOMENT CAPACITY (refer stress diagram)


Left support

Mid span

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)
Mnt= C x (d-ax/2) , where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax
=

559.01

Mu2 =

Mnt= C x (d-ax/2) , where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax


=

kN.m

Hence,

503.11

>

218.00

As,

kNm

kN.m

Hence,

503.11

559.01

Mu2 =

>

218.00

As,

kNm

Safe

kN.m

*Mnt

= 503.11

kN.m

, where C=0.85 x Fc x b x ax

4947017.43 lb-in

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e

Safe

Mnt= C x (d-ax/2)
=

*Mnt

= 503.11

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e

559.01

Mu2 =
kN.m

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)

4947017.43 lb-in

*Mnt

= 503.11
As,

(By taking the moment about the centre of the tensile force)

4947017.43 lb-in

Right support

kN.m

Mu2 > max(Mux_act, Muz_act)

i.e
Hence,

503.11

>

218.00

kNm

Safe

CHECK FOR SHEAR CAPACITY


Left support

Mid span

Vn=Vc+Vs
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1
where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups
Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Right support

Vn=Vc+Vs
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1
where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups
Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Vn=Vc+Vs
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1
where,
Vn is nominal shear strength
Vs is shear capacity of the stirrups
Vc is shear capacity of concrete section

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
=
5846.40
lb
=
25.72
kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
=
5846.40
lb
=
25.72
kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

Vc = 2 x x Fc x b x d
=
5846.40
lb
=
25.72
kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.2.1.1

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
=
1953.60
=
8.60

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
=
1953.60
=
8.60

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

Vs = (Vu-Vc)/
=
1953.60
=
8.60

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.7.5

lb
kN

lb
kN

lb
kN

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,
Av is the area of shear reinforcement
s is the spacing

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,
Av is the area of shear reinforcement
s is the spacing

s = Avfyd/Vs
where,
Av is the area of shear reinforcement
s is the spacing

No. of legs =

No. of legs =

No. of legs =

Av=

157.08

2
mm2

s=

6143.1

mm

Av=

157.08

2
mm2

s=

6143.10

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3
s = 17.40
in
=
442.05 mm

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)
s = 17.40
in
= 442.05 mm

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw


s = 16.24 in = 412.58 mm

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw


s = 16.24 in = 412.58 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

Av=

157.08

2
mm2

s=

but not less than ,Av*fy/50*bw


s = 16.24 in = 412.58 mm

= 200 mm

so provide spacing s

= 200 mm

so provide spacing s

= 200 mm

shear strength

= 264 kN

shear strength

= 264 kN

shear strength

= 264 kN

*Vn = (Vc+Vs) =

217.31

As,
i.e

26.0

*Vn > Vu_act


217.3
>

kN

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

*Vn = (Vc+Vs)

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

As,
i.e

Shear capacity is ok

Vs =
Vu_act-Vc=
As,
i.e

198.02 >

Vs =

6.71

kN

Vu_act-Vc=

O.K

As,
kN

217.31

26.00

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

*Vn = (Vc+Vs)

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

As,
i.e

i.e

198.02 >

Vs =

6.71

kN

Vu_act-Vc=

O.K

As,
kN

217.31

26.00 kN

Shear capacity is ok

kN

6.71

*Vn > Vu_act


217.3
>

198.02

Vs > Vu_act-Vc

Vs

kN

Shear capacity is ok

kN

6.71

*Vn > Vu_act


217.3
>

198.02

Vs > Vu_act-Vc

Vs

mm

Maximum spacing to provide minimum Av


s = Av x fy /(0.75 x fc x bw)
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3
s = 17.40
in
=
442.05
mm

so provide spacing s
Vs

6143.10

i.e

198.02

kN

6.71

kN

Vs > Vu_act-Vc
198.02 >

6.71

O.K

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.6.3

kN

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.1.1

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

CHECK FOR SPACING


Left support
Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

Mid span
406.00 mm

= 600.00 mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d, max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2


Vs =
8.60
4*Fc*b*d = 140815.8
= 619.59
Since,
8.60
KN
Required spacing =
Provided spacing,

= d/2 or

Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

= 600 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

406

kN
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3
lb
kN
< 619.59 kN
406.00

200.00

mm

mm

mm

406.00 mm
= 600.00 mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d,max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2


Vs =
8.60
4*Fc*b*d = 140815.8
= 619.59
Since,
8.60
KN
Required spacing =

Hence,

Right support

Provided spacing,

spacing provided is ok

= d/2 or

Max. spacing of shear reinforcement =

= 600 mm

- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5


- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.1

406

mm

If Vs>4*Fc*b*d,max. spacing = max.spacing x1/2

kN
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3
lb
kN
< 619.59 kN
406.00

200.00

mm

Vs =
8.60
4*Fc*b*d = 140815.8
= 619.59
Since,
8.60
KN
Required spacing =

mm Hence,

406.00 mm = d/2 or
= 600.00 mm = 600 mm

Provided spacing,

spacing provided is ok

= 406 mm

kN
- ACI 318-11,CL 11.4.5.3
lb
kN
< 619.59 kN
406.00

200.00

mm

mm

Hence,

spacing provided is ok

DESIGN FOR TORSION


C/s properties:
Beam size =
450
=
Nib size
200
= 25.0
f'c
= 414.0
fy
= 26.0
Vu
= 6.0
Tu

x1

y1
x2

y2

bars are indicative in fig.

Aoh

= 298600

mm2

Ao

= 253810

mm2

X
X

As prov.

= 1658.7

mm2

Acp

= 457000

mm2

Pcp

= 3100
= 340.0
= 790.0

mm

X1
Y1
X2
Y2
h

= 2660

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

eff. d

= 831

mm

Cot 45

= 1.0

= 200
= 150

C/s properties:
Beam size =
450
=
Nib size
200
= 25.0
f'c
= 414.0
fy
= 26.0
Vu
= 6.0
Tu

900
260
Mpa
Mpa
KN
KN.m
y1
x2

y2

bars are indicative in fig.

Aoh

= 298600

Ao

= 253810

mm2
mm2

x
X

C/s properties:
Beam size =
450
=
Nib size
200
= 25.0
f'c
= 414.0
fy
= 26.0
Vu
= 6.0
Tu

900
260
Mpa
Mpa
KN
KN.m

As prov.

= 1658.7

mm2

Acp

= 457000

mm2

Pcp

mm

X1
Y1
X2
Y2
h

= 3100
= 340.0
= 790.0
= 200.0
= 150.0
= 2660.0

eff. d

= 831

mm

Cot 45

= 1.0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

y1
x2

y2

bars are indicative in fig.

x
X

900
260
Mpa
Mpa
KN
KN.m

As prov.

= 1658.7

mm2

Acp

= 457000

mm2

Pcp

= 3100
= 340.0
= 790.0
= 200.0
= 150.0
= 2660

mm

mm

X1
Y1
X2
Y2
h

Aoh

= 298600

mm2

eff. d

= 831

Ao

= 253810

mm2

Cot 45

= 1.0

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:


Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:


Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

- ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

Tcr
= 83.876 kN.m
1/4Tcr = 20.97 kN.m
Tu
6.00

Tu
6.00

Tu
6.00

KN

>

0.00

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:
So, Tn =
Assuming

0.00

= 45 degrees,
=

Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

Mpa

>

0.00

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

KN

0.00

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:
So, Tn =

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)

3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3
Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

0.00

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


0.13

kN.m
as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

0.00

< (1/4) Tcr


< 20.97

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


Mpa

ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

TORSION IS NEGLECTED

3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-3

0.13

TORSION IS NEGLECTED

3) Checking for probability of brittle failure of concret

0.00

Torsional moments can be neglected if Tu < (1/4)Tcr

Tcr
= 83.876 kN.m
1/4Tcr = 20.97 kN.m

< (1/4) Tcr


< 20.97

TORSION IS NEGLECTED

Concrete shear capacity, Vc =

1) Checking requirement of torsional reinforcement:

- ACI 318-11, CL.11.5.1a

Tcr
= 83.876 kN.m
1/4Tcr = 20.97 kN.m

< (1/4) Tcr


< 20.97

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

Assuming

0.00

= 45 degrees,
=

0.00

- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-18


0.13

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

Mpa

>

0.00

Mpa

SECTION IS SUFFICIENTLY LARGE, HENCE O.K.


4) Determining required transverse torsional reinforcement:

kN.m
as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

KN

So, Tn =
Assuming

0.00

= 45 degrees,
=

kN.m
as per ACI-11.5.3.6(a)

0.00

mm2/mm for one leg of stirrup

(Since = 45 degrees, cot = 1)


- ACI 318-11, Eq.11-21

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:


Vu =

0.00

KN

Vs = (Vu /) - Vc

0.00

Vu =
KN

0.00

KN

> (1/2) Vc
=

0.00

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

0.00

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

Using Y 10 stirrup, As =

0.00

mm2

Using Y 10 stirrup, As =

mm c/c

s=

Provide, no. of legs =

for

Y 10 stirrups

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =


So provide, 2-Legged Y 10 @

mm

mm c/c

mm2

>

0.35 bw S/fy =

0.00

mm2

>

2 x 0 = 0 mm2

OK

Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

0.00

[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

0.00

mm2

for

Y 10 stirrups

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

Using Y 10 stirrup, As =

78.54

mm2

0.0

mm c/c

Provide, no. of legs =


0

mm

mm c/c

0.00

mm2

>

0.35 bw S/fy =

Also,

0.00

mm2

<

0.00

2 x 78.54 = 157.08 mm2

OK

Y 10 stirrups

mm c/c

O.K.

mm2

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


=

0.00

mm2

>

OK
mm2

for

Maximum allowable spacing of stirrup = h/8 =


So provide, 2-Legged Y 10 @

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


=

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

0.00

O.K.

0.00

KN

s=

OK
Also,

mm2/mm for 2L of stirrup

mm c/c

So provide, 2-Legged Y 10 @

Minimum area of stirrup = Av + 2 At = 0.062 sqrt(f'c) x bw x S/fy


0.00

> (1/2) Vc

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS NOT REQUIRED

78.54 mm2

Provide, no. of legs =


0

KN

Vs = (Vu /) - Vc

mm2/mm for 2 legs of stirrup

0.00

O.K.

KN

0.0

6) Selecting stirrups:

0.00

0.0

Vu =

6) Selecting stirrups:
=

s=

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS NOT REQUIRED

6) Selecting stirrups:
[ 2 At/s] + [Av/s]

0.00

Vs = (Vu /) - Vc

SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS NOT REQUIRED


Av/s = Vs/(fy.d)

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

5) Calculating area of shear reinforcement required:

> (1/2) Vc
=

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

0.35 bw S/fy =

0.00

OK
Also,

0.00

mm2

<

2 x 78.54 = 157.08

OK

mm2

mm2

DOC. TITLE

PAGE

Roof Beam Design Calculations

LOWER FARS HEAVY OIL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM PHASE-1


(60 MBOPD)

Contract No. : 15050901

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

Al =

Minimum Al =

0.00

15050901-621-70-CI-CAL-6631

Doc. No. :

0.00

Company Proj. No.: EF/1852

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

mm2

Al =

mm2

Minimum Al =

0.00

0.00

7) Selection of longitudinal torsion reinforcing:

mm2

Al =

mm2

Minimum Al =

0.00

0.00

mm2

mm2

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

Additional longitudinal steel is spread out to the

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

four inside corners of the stirrups & vertically in between.

Provide 1/4rd @ top

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide 1/4rd @ top

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide 1/4rd @ top

mm2 i.e.

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

mm2

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

mm2

OK

Provide1/4rd @ bottom

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement

mm2

OK

mm2

mm2

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =


=

754

mm2

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

mm2

Provide 1/2 on each side =


=

754

mm2

Total reinforcement (flexure + torsion)


Max. Side face reinf.

mm2

754

mm2