Anda di halaman 1dari 8

1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

Kelompok 7 (Kelas B)
Nama Anggota
Putri Kurnia Villta (3335142074)
Nazera Rozaini
(3335140420)
Nabilah
(3335141136)
Nadhifa I
(3335141294)
Oktaviani
(3335140392)
PIPING AND INSTRUMENT DIAGRAM
Pengertian dari Piping and Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID) adalah sebuah alat bantu baik berupa diagram, gambar atau skema untuk

menerangkan konsep desain dari sebuah proses yang dibangun. bisa disebut juga sebagai ilustrasi skematik dari hubungan fungsional perpipaan,
instrumentasi dan peralatan sistem komponen pendukung lainnya.
Selain itu untuk penggambaran instrumen dalam diagram mengikuti standar internasional juga harus dipahami. Berikut ini adalah beberapa
dokumen yang diperlukan oleh bagian instrument.
a. Process flow sheet
b. Piping and instrument Diagram
c. Instrument index sheet
d. Instrument specification sheet
e. Loop wiring diagram
f. Instalation detail
g. Gambar-gambar khusus seperti:
1. Instrument tubing support layout
2. Schematic control diagram
3. Emergency shutdown system
4. Instrument wiring detail
5. Daftar alarm dan shutdown
Beberapa informasi yang juga diperlukan adalah:
a. Process information
b. Instrument specification & standarts
c. Electrical specification
d. Vendor Drawing
P&ID Menunjukkan secara detail informasi mengenai peralatan proses dan instrumen yang terpasang pada plant seperti peralatan proses dan
dan desain variabel proses, persambungan pipa dengan ukuran, material, dan spesifikasi fabrikasi, kebutuhan utilitis termasuk ukuran pipa,
material, semua peralatan utama instrument. Dalam beberapa situasi secara skematis masing-maring proses dan line utilitis digambarkan dalam
diagram ini, sehingga diagram ini menjadi sumber informasi teknisi instrumen dalam melakukan pekerjaan, dan perubahan-perubahan atau
modifikasi sering juga dibuat pada saat pekerjaan sedang berjalan. Pada diagam ini semua peralatan proses dan sistem instrumentasi digambarkan
dalam bentuk simbol-simbol standar Instrument Society of America yang biasa disebut ISA Standart.
1. Line Instrument Symbol
Berdasarkan line simbol ini dapat dibedakan sistem instrumentasi yang terpasang apakah pneumatic, electric atau hidrolic. Berikut ini
beberapa line symbol
GAMBAR SIMBOL

KETERANGAN
Pipa Proses (main line)

Pneumatic Signal

Electric / Electronic Signal

Hydraulic Signal

Electromagnetic atau sonic signal

Capilary Tubing (Filled System)


2. Instrument Symbol
Penggambaran instrumen kedalam diagram biasanya berupa lingkaran dan diberi indektifikasi

Fungsi (Lingkaran,kotak,dsb) simbol simbol ini menunjukan lokasi proses instrumentasi berlangsung. Ada terpasang di lapangan , di control system
atau PLC.

3. Instrument Identification

Umumnya suatu kawasan industri atau proses produksi mempunyai unitunit proses kecil yang satu dengan lainnya saling berkaitan.
Fungsi instrumen adalah untuk memonitor, mengatur dan menjaga agar proses berjalan nornal. Untuk memudahkan mengenal instrumen yang
dipasang pada satu plan maka setiap instrument perlu diberi tanda pengenal (instrument identification). Dari tanda pengenal berupa tag
number dapat diketahui Parameter yang diukur, fungsi instrumen, lokasi dipasang, dan nomor urut dari instrumen tersebut. Cara identifikasi
instrumen
adalah
dengan
huruf
dan
angka.
Dengan
adanya
tag
number
dari maring-masing instrumen yang terpasang dan dibantu dengan gambar-gambar instrumen (piping and instrumen diagram, loop drawing,
hook up drawing) seorang ahli instrumen dapat dengan mudah mencari instrument instrumen yang perlu mendapat perawatan.
Arti huruf dan angka tersebut adalah :
T
: Variabel yang diukur, Temperatur
R
: Fungsi Alat Ukur, Recorder
C
: Fungsi Alat Ukur,
Simbol
Huruf Pertama
Huruf Berikutnya
Fungsi Keluaran
A
Analisis
Alarm
T
RC
-100
-02
B
Burner Flame
Control
Huruf
Huruf kedua,ketiga
Nomor
Unit
Nomor Loop
C Pertama Conductivity
Controller
D
Density,SG,Differential
Menunjukan
Fungsi
Menunjukan Rangkaian/Loop
E
Voltage(emf)
INSTRUMENT
IDENTIFICATION/TAG
NUMBER
F
Flow rate , Flow ratio
G
Gaging
H
Hand , High
I
Current
Glass
J
Power , Scan
High
K
Time , Time Schedule
Indicator
L
Level
Low , Light(pilot)
M
Moisture , Humidity
Middle
N
O
Orifice
P
Pressure, Vacuum
Point
Q
Quantity , Event
R
Radio Activity
Recorder
S
Speed
Safety
Switch
T
Temperature
U
V
Viscosity
W
Weight
X
Y
Z
Position

Controller

Standard P&ID Symbols Legend | Industry Standardized P&ID Symbols


Piping and Instrument Diagram Standard Symbols Detailed Documentation provides a standard set of shapes & symbols for documenting P&ID and PFD,
including standard shapes of instrument, valves, pump, heating exchanges, mixers, crushers, vessels, compressors, filters, motors and connecting shapes.
Thermometer

Instrument

T
Shared Indicator

Indicator

Computer Indicator

Behind Control

Displayed
Programmable
Device

On Local
Control Pane

Computer

Behind a Local
Control

Unit Control
Panel

Indicator 2

Displayed
Configurable

Programmable
Indicator

On Central
Control

TI

LC 65

PT 55
PR 55

Shared Indicator
50

PC 55

PIC 105
PRC 40
LA 25

FE

Temp Indicator
TE

Element
LG

Level Gauge

AT

Lev
el
Cont
rolle
r

1P

Pres
sure
Tran
smitt
er

S
P X
X

Magnetic

Analyzer

Transmitter
Pitot Tube Type
Transducer

Flow

Not Gate

Pitot Tube

Correcting
Element

Specialty Item
Wedge Meter

Diamond

Sampler

S
Pres
sure
Rec
orde
r

Pres
sure
Cont
rolle
r

Or Gate

Target Meter
Straightening
Vanes

Pressure
Gauges

Weir Meter

Diaphragm
Meter

Thermometers
Ultrasonic Meter

Rotary Meter

Averaging Pitot
Tube
V-cone Meter
Level Meter

Pres
sure
Indic
atin
g

Venturi Meter

Quick Change

Pres
sure
Rec
ordi
ng

Turbine Meter

Lev
el
Alar
m

Double

Flow
Ele
men
t

Venturi

Rotometer

Steam Traced

Tem
pera
ture

Coriolis Flow
Sensor
Flow Nozzle
Meter

Flume Meter

Manhole
Socket
Connection

Support Bracket

Flowmeter

Support Leg

Vortex Sensor

Support Ring

And Gate

Support Skirt

4-way Plug
Valve

Pinch Valve

Valves
Hand-Operated

Check Valve 2

Solenoid Valve

Gate Valve
Gate Valve

Butterfly Valve

Closed Gate
Valve

Flanged Valve

Hand-Operated

Flanged Valve 2

Globe Valve
Globe Valve
Rotary Valve

Needel Valve
Control Valve
Piston-Operated
Valve
Back Pressure
Regulator
Plug or Cock
Valve
Check Valve

Angle Globe
Valve

Motor-Operated
Valve
Pilot Gate Valve

Weight Gate
Valve
Powered Valve

Angle Valve

Float-Operated
Valve

Diaghragm
Plug Valve

Balanced Diaphragm
Gate Valve

Gauge

Bleeder Valve
Integrated Block
Valve

Ram Valve
Slide Valve

Maual Integrated
Valve

Metering Coke

Orifice

Knife Valve
Needle Valve

Ball
Normally Closed
Ball

Electro-Hydraulic
Valve

Spring Gate Valve

Relief Valve

Angle Blowdown
Valve

Auto Recirculation
E/H

Angle Valve
Hand-Operated

4-way Valve

Hydraulic Valve

Minimum Flow
Valve

3-Way Valve

Excess Flow
Valve
Post Indicator

3-Way Valve 2
3-Way Plug
Valve

Self Draining Valve


Diaphragm Valve

Rotameter
Quarter Turn Valve
Double Acting
Quarter Turn Valve
Spring Acting
Water Flow Meter
Self-Operating
Release Valve

Pumps
Compressor

Axial

Reciprocating

Diesel motor

Compressor
Reciprocating
Compressor
Reciprocating
Compressor 2

Sump pump

pump

Centrifugal
pump

Turbine pump
Positive displacement
pump 2

Centrifugal
pump 2

Compressor
silencers

Centrifugal

Centrifugal

Centrifugal
pump 4

ISO Liquid pump

Pump 2
ISO centrifugal pump

Rotary pump

Fan

pump 3

ISO diaphragm
pump

Rotary gear

Rotary
Compressor
Rotary
Compressor 2

Selectable fan

Peristaltic pump

Fan blades

Gas blower
Fan blades 2

Gear pump
Vertical pump

ISO gear pump

ISO Progressive
pump
ISO positive
displacement pump

Triple fan blades

Rotory Compressor
and silencers
Liquid ring
Compressor

pump

Proportioning pump

ISO reciprocating
piston pump
Axial flow fan

Liquid ring
vacuum pump

Vacuum pump

ISO screw pump


Turbine driver

Screw pump

Centrifugal
Compressor
Centrifugal
Compressor 2

Selectable
Compressor
Doubleflow turbine

Positive displacement
pump

Screw pump 2

Pump
Motor driven turbine

Cavity pump
Centrifugal
Compressor 3
Centrifugal
blower

Horizontal pump
Submersible pump

Ejector

Positive displacement
pump
Motor

Vertical pump

Reciprocating
pump

Spray

Packing column

Boiler

Covered Tank

Thermal Insulation
Vessel

Dome Boiler

Floating Roof Tank

Heating-cooling
Jacket Vessel

Knock-out drum

Hot Liquid Boiler

Open Bulk Storage

Brackets Vessel

Bag

Tank

Dome Roof Tank

Dished Ends Vessel

Bag (ISO)

Tank 2

Cone Roof Tank

Pit Vessel

Internal Floating

Electrical Heating

Roof Tank

Vessel

Wastewater Treatment

Vessels
Vertical Vessel

Mixing Vessel

Drum

Column

Tray Column

Fluidized Bed Column


Tank 3

Barrel
Staggered Baffle
Trays Column

Barrel (ISO)

Tank 4

Double Wall Tank

Packing Column

Gas bottle

Open tank

Onion Tank

Mode Filter

Filter

Fixed bed air Filter

Mode Filter indication

Filter 2

Bin

Filters

HE
PA

BIO

HEPA gas Filter

ION

Biological Filter

Ionexchanger Filter

High efficiency Filter

Primary Filter
Mid-effect Filter

Oxygen-enriched Filter
Filter

Gas Filter

Press Filter

Liquid Filter

Filter

Highpass Filter
Cartridge gas Filter

Air Filter

Filter 2

Air Filter 2

Rotary Filter

Filter

The Filter

Suction Filter

Compressor silencers

Liquid ring
Compressor

Axial Compressor

Centrifugal
Compressor

Air Compressor

Fixed bed liquid


Filter

Lowpass Filter

Bandpass Filter

Roll air Filter

Rotary liquid

Compressors
Compressor
Compressor 2

Ejector Compressor

Piston Compressor

Compressor,
Vacuum pump
Centrifugal
Compressor

Ring Compressor

Rotary Compressor
T
Rotary Compressor

Centrifugal

Compressor 2

Roller vane

Rotory

Compressor

Compressor 3

Compressor 3

Reciprocating
Compressor 3

Rotory Compressor
and silencers

Selectable
Compressor

AC air Compressor

Centrifugal
Screw Compressor

Diaphragm
Compressor

Heat Exchanges

Turbo Compressor

TEMA TYPE BEM

Spray Cooler

Shell and Tube


Heat 3

Forced-draft
Cooling Tower

Cooler

TEMA TYPE AEM

Induced-draft
Cooling Tower

Air-blown Cooler

Induced Flow Air


Cooler
TEMA TYPE NEN

TEMA TYPE BKU

Plate Exchanger

Plate and Frame

Exchanger

Fired Heater

Single Pass Heat


Exchanger

Double Pipe Heat


Exchanger

Vertical Turbine

Heat Exchanger

Heat Exchanger 2

Heat Exchanger 3

Heater

Heat Exchanger

Fin-fan Cooler

Hairpin Exchanger

Condenser

Electric Heater

Spiral Heat
Exchanger

Extractor Hood

Straight Tubes
Heat Exchanger

Dryer

Spiral Heat
Exchanger 2

Hose reel

Air Cooled
Exchanger

Light Water Station

Briquetting

Combustion

Machine

Chamber

U-Tube Heat

Silencer

Coil Tubes Heat


Exchanger

Exchanger

Finned Tubes
Heat Exchanger

Condenser

Floating Head
Heat Exchanger

Shell and Tube

Plate Heat
Exchanger

Cooling Tower

Cooling Tower 2

Oil Burner

Single Pass Heat

TEMA TYPE BEU

TEMA TYPE AEL

Reboiler

Heat

Exchanger
U-tube Heat

Thin-Film

Kettle Heat
Exchanger

Exchanger

Evaporator

Reboiler Heat
Exchanger

Boiler

Vent

Cooling Tower 3

Shell and Tube


Heat 2

Dryer

Roller Conveyor
Belt Dryer

Generator

Heat Consumer

Motor Generator

Drying Oven

Spray Dryer

Dryers

Fluidized Bed
Dryer

Moving Shelf Dryer

General
Crossflow
Inducted Draft

Screen

Plate Tower
Fluid Catalytic
Cracking

Fluidized Reactor

Counterflow
Forced Draft

Boom Loader
Packed Tower

Alkylation
Fluid Coking

Chimney Tower
Hyperbolic
Hydrocracking

Automatic Stoker

Furnace
Electric Motor

Furnace

Hydrodesulfurization

Tubular
Hydrocracking

Transport

Mixers
In-line Mixer

Mixer

Various Mixers

Various Mixers

Various Mixers 2

Agitator, Propeller

Agitator, Anchor

Agitator, Turbine

Agitator, Disc

Agitator, Helical
Agitator,
Cross-beam

Agitator, Stirrer

Agitator, Impeller

Medium Crushers

Various Crushers

Jaw Crusher

Hammer Crusher

Roller Crusher

Impact Crusher

Cone Crusher

Centrifuge Screw

Centrifuge, Pusher

Centrifugal Blower

Centrifugal Pump 3

Centrifuge,

Centrifuge Screw,

Solid Shell

Perforated Shell

Centrifugal Pump

Centrifugal Pump 4

Centrifuge, High
Speed

Centrifuge,
Separator disc

Centrifugal Pump 2

Agitator, Gat Paddle

Crushers
Crusher

Coarse Crusher

Vibration Crusher

Hammer Crusher

Fine Crushers

Centrifuges
Centrifugal Pump

Centrifugal
T

Compressor
Centrifugal
Compressor 2
Centrifugal
Compressor 3

Motors

Centrifuge,
Perforated Shell

Centrifuge,
Skimmer

Centrifuge

Centrifugal Fan

Centrifugal Pump 5

Motor

AC Motor

Generator

Step Motor

Motor Generator

DC Motor

Motor-operated
Valve

Diesel Motor

AC Generator

Motor-driven
Turbine

Electric Motor

Gear

DC Generator

Motor

Turbine

Impact Separator

Injector

Elevator

Elevator 2

Vertical Shaping
Machines

Gravity Separator

Reducer

Z-form Elevator

Cyclone Separator

Rupture Disc

Peripheral

Electromagnetic
Separator

Electrostatic
Precipitator Separator

Viewing Glass

Viewing Glass
with Lighting

Lift

Hoists

Aerator with
Sparger

Skip Hoist

Conveyor

Conveyor,
Chain, Closed
Conveyor,
Screw, Closed

Pelletizing Disc

Piston Press

Roller Press

Crane

Roller Conveyor
Cyclone

Solidifier

Back Draft
Damper

Bag Filling
Machine

Conveyor

Belt Skimmer

Overhead
Conveyor

Curved Gas Vent


Permanent
Magnet

Spray Nozzle
Rotary Table
Feeder

Box Truck

Firing System
Manual Forklift

Screw Conveyor
Screening

Flame Arrestor
Scraper
Conveyor

Truck Forklift

Palletizer

Bucket Elevator
Proportional
Feeder

Piston Extruder
Shaping Machines

Industrial Truck

Rotary Valve
Feeder

Rolling Bin Truck

Metering
Proportional Feeder

Ship

Piping and Connecting Shapes

Elevator 1

Screw Extruder
Shaping Machines

Gas Flare

Horizontal Shaping
Machines

Chimney

Conveyor,
Vibrating, Closed

Major Pipeline

Top to Top

Connect Pipeline

Sonic Signal

Major Straight
Line Pipe

Nuclear

Straight Line Pipe

Pneumatic
Control

Battery Limit Line

Electronic Serial

Pneumatic Binary
Signal Line

Electric Signal
Line

Double
Containment

Electrically
Insulated

Expansion Joint

Flange

In-line Mixer

Hose

End Caps

Separator

Bursting Disc

Drain Silencer

Removable Spool

Drip Pan Elbow

Electric Binary
Signal Line

Flange

Electric Binary
Signal Line

Sleeve Joint

General Joint

Breather

Union

Exhaust Head

Damper

Socket Weld

Triangle
Separator

Breakthrough

Screwed
Connection

Triangle
Separator 2

Tundish

Butt Weld
Flanged Dummy
Cover

Open Vent

Electrical Bounded

Syphon Drain

Slope
Requirements Line

Hydrant

Welded
Connection

Mid Arrow

Mechanical Link

Multi-Lines Elbow

Soldered/

Basket Strainer

Strainer

Orifice Plate

Multi-Lines

Bell Mouth

Breather

Side by Side

Traced Line

Flame Arrester

Exhaust Silencer

One-to-Many

Flow Indicator

End Cap 2

Heat Trace

Top-Bottom

Flexible Hose

Orifice

Clamped Flange
Coupling

Compensate

Swivel Joint

Coupling

Electrically

Y-strainer

Diverter Valve

Y-type Strainer

Solvent

Reducer

Blind Disc

Pulsation
Dampener

Detonation Arrestor

Flame Arrestor

In-line Silencer

Expansion Joint 2

Fire-Resistant
Flame Arrestor
DS

Desuperheater
Ejector or

Fire-Resistant, ExplosionProof Flame Arrestor

Eductor
Orifice Plate

Bursting Disc

Explosion-Proof
Flame Arrestor

Steam Trap

Open Disc
Cone Strainer

Flame Arrestor

Detonation-Proof
Flame Arrestor

Vent Silencer

Basket Strainer

Rotary Valve

Duplex Strainer

Spectacle Blind

Interchangeable
Blind

Insulated

Pilot Operated
Relief Valve with
Renote Sensor

Exhaust Head

Valve Manifold

www.edrawsoft.com